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Determination of IgG1 and IgG3 SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and nucleocapsid binding – Who is binding who and why?
2021.
Preprint in English | Other preprints | ID: ppcovidwho-295003
ABSTRACT
The involvement of IgG3 in the humoral immune response to SARS-CoV2 infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of ARDS in COVID-19. The exact molecular mechanism is unknown but may be due to the differential ability of IgG3 Fc region to fix complement and stimulate cytokine release. We examined convalescent patientsantibodies binding to immobilised nucleocapsid and spike protein by MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry. IgG3 was a major immunoglobulin found in all samples. Differential analysis of the spectral signatures found for nucleocapsid versus spike protein demonstrated that the predominant humoral immune response to nucleocapsid was IgG3, whilst against spike it was IgG1. However, the spike protein displayed a strong affinity for IgG3 itself which it would bind from control plasma samples as well as from those previously infected with SARS-CoV2, much in the way Protein-G binds IgG1. Furthermore, detailed spectral analysis indicated a mass shift consistent with hyper-glycosylation or glycation was a characteristic of the IgG3 captured by the spike protein.

Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: Other preprints Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Preprint

Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: Other preprints Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Preprint