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Self-Interest Bias in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Own Self-Serving Behaviors Are Judged More Leniently than Others’ in the US but not China
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-309635
ABSTRACT
In the global crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries attempt to enforce new social norms to prevent the further spread of the coronavirus. A key to the success of these measures is the individual adherence to norms that are collectively beneficial to contain the spread of the pandemic. However, individuals’ self-interest bias (i.e., the prevalent tendency to license own but not others’ self-serving acts or norm violations) can pose a challenge to the success of such measures. The current research examines COVID-19-related self-interest bias from a cross-cultural perspective. Two studies (N = 1,558) sampled from the US and China, and consistently revealed that US participants evaluated their own self-serving acts (exploiting disinfectants or test kits in Study 1;social gathering and sneezing without covering the mouth in Study 2) as more acceptable than identical deeds of others, while such self-interest bias did not emerge among Chinese participants. Cultural underpinnings of independent vs. interdependent self-construal may influence the extent to which individuals apply self-interest bias to justifications of their own self-serving behaviors during the pandemic.

Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: EuropePMC Type of study: Experimental Studies / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Year: 2020 Document Type: Preprint

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Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: EuropePMC Type of study: Experimental Studies / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Year: 2020 Document Type: Preprint