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Thrombotic and bleeding complications in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and COVID-19: A study of ERIC, the European Research Initiative on CLL (preprint)
Antic, Darko, Milic, Natasa, Chatzikonstantinou, Thomas, Scarfò, Lydia, Otasevic, Vladimir, Rajovic, Nina, Allsup, David, Cabrero, Alejandro Alonso, Andres, Martin, Gonzales, Monica Baile, Capasso, Antonella, Collado, Rosa, Cordoba, Raul, Cuéllar-García, Carolina, Correa, Juan Gonzalo, De Paoli, Lorenzo, De Paolis, Maria Rosaria, Poeta, Giovanni Del, Dimou, Maria, Doubek, Michael, Efstathopoulou, Maria, El-Ashwah, Shaimaa, Enrico, Alicia, Espinet, Blanca, Farina, Lucia, Ferrari, Angela, Foglietta, Myriam, Lopez-Garcia, Alberto, García-Marco, José, García-Serra, Rocío, Gentile, Massimo, Gimeno, Eva, Silva, Maria Gomes, Gutwein, Odit, Hakobyan, Yervand, Herishanu, Yair, Hernández-Rivas, José Ángel, Herold, Tobias, Itchaki, Gilad, Jaksic, Ozren, Janssens, Ann, Kalashnikova, Оlga, Kalicińska, Elżbieta, Kater, Arnon, Kersting, Sabina, Koren-Michowitz, Maya, Gomez, Jorge Labrador, Lad, Deepesh, Laurenti, Luca, Fresa, Alberto, Levin, Mark-David, Bastida, Carlota Mayor, Malerba, Lara, Marasca, Roberto, Marchetti, Monia, Marquet, Juan, Mihaljevic, Biljana, Milosevic, Ivana, Mirás, Fatima, Morawska, Marta, Motta, Marina, Munir, Talha, Murru, Roberta, Nunes, Raquel, Olivieri, Jacopo, Pavlovsky, Miguel Arturo, Piskunova, Inga, Popov, Viola Maria, Quaglia, Francesca Maria, Quaresmini, Giulia, Reda, Gianluigi, Rigolin, Gian Matteo, Shrestha, Amit, Šimkovič, Martin, Smirnova, Svetlana, Špaček, Martin, Sportoletti, Paolo, Stanca, Oana, Stavroyianni, Niki, Raa, Doreen Te, Tomic, Kristina, Tonino, Sanne, Trentin, Livio, Spek, Ellen Der, Gelder, Michel, Varettoni, Marzia, Visentin, Andrea, Vitale, Candida, Vukovic, Vojin, Wasik-Szczepanek, Ewa, Wróbel, Tomasz, Segundo, Lucrecia Yáñez San, Yassin, Mohamed, Coscia, Marta, Rambaldi, Alessandro, Montserrat, Emili, Foà, Robin, Cuneo, Antonio, Carrier, Marc, Ghia, Paolo, Stamatopoulos, Kostas.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-334383
ABSTRACT

Background:

Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may be more susceptible to COVID-19 related poor outcomes, including thrombosis and death, due to the advanced age, the presence of comorbidities, and the disease and treatment-related immune deficiency. In this retrospective multicenter study, conducted by ERIC, the European Research Initiative on CLL, we assessed the risk of thrombosis and bleeding in patients with CLL affected by severe COVID-19.

Methods:

The study included patients from 79 centers across 22 countries. Data collection was conducted between April and May 2021.

Results:

A total of 793 patients from 79 centers were included in the study with 593 being hospitalized (74.8%). Among these, 518 were defined as having severe COVID 162 were admitted to the ICU while 356 received oxygen supplementation outside the ICU. Most patients (90%) were receiving thromboprophylaxis. During COVID-19 treatment, 8.8% developed a thromboembolic event, while 4.8% experienced bleeding. Thrombosis developed in 20.5% of patients who were not receiving thromboprophylaxis, but only in 8.1% of patients who were on thromboprophylaxis. Bleeding episodes were more frequent in patients receiving intermediate/therapeutic versus prophylactic doses of low-molecular-weight heparin (LWMH) (11.1% vs. 4.2%, respectively) and in elderly. In multivariate analysis, peak D-dimer level was a poor prognostic factor for thrombosis occurrence (OR=1.020, 95%CI 1.006‒1.033), while thromboprophylaxis use was protective (OR=0.194, 95%CI 0.061‒0.614). Age and LMWH intermediate/therapeutic dose administration were prognostic factors in multivariate model for bleeding (OR=1.055, 95%CI 1.013-1.103 and OR=2.490, 95%CI 1.044-5.935, respectively).

Conclusions:

Patients with CLL affected by severe COVID-19 are at a high risk of thrombosis if thromboprophylaxis is not used, but also at increased risk of bleeding under the LMWH intermediate/therapeutic dose administration.

Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: EuropePMC Type of study: Prognostic study Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Preprint

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Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: EuropePMC Type of study: Prognostic study Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Preprint