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The mediating role of fear of COVID-19 in the association between COVID-19-related work stressors and subjective well-being: cross-sectional evidence in the child care sector across three samples (preprint)
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-337863
ABSTRACT

Background:

COVID-19 has changed the work conditions across many sectors and fear of COVID-19 is ever-present. Yet, research has overlooked the contributing factors to fear of COVID-19 and its impact on well-being within an occupational context. This study addressed this gap from an integrative perspective by focusing on the essential workforce of child care, particularly at high risk of infection and characterized by difficult COVID-19 risk management.

Methods:

Across three independent samples, we tested whether (1) fear of COVID-19 relates to subjective well-being, (2) COVID-19-related work stressors (i.e., perceived risk of infection and poor employer support) relate to fear of COVID-19, and whether (3) fear of COVID-19 serves as a mediator between COVID-19-related work stressors and subjective well-being.The study utilized three cross-sectional samples of early childhood professionals (ECPs) (N T1 = 423, N T2 = 142, N T3 = 584) gathered in Germany during different pandemic phases between June 2020 and May 2021. Hypotheses were tested using linear regression analysis and by estimating indirect effects.

Results:

Findings of T1 and T3 lent full support for hypotheses. Higher perceived risk of infection and poorer employer support were associated with greater fear of COVID-19 which in turn predicted lower subjective well-being of ECPs. The relationships between COVID-19-related work stressors and subjective well-being were mediated via fear of COVID-19 while controlling for age, gender, and leadership position. Results at T2 differed and reasons are discussed.

Conclusions:

The results underline the importance of adapting the work conditions during pandemics to reduce fear of COVID-19 and in turn preserve employeessubjective well-being.

Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: EuropePMC Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Preprint

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Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: EuropePMC Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Year: 2022 Document Type: Preprint