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Assessing knowledge, concerns, and risk perceptions among Italian medical students during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.
Manfredi Greco; Elisa Maietti; Elena Savoia; Davide Trere; Chiara Reno; Flavia Rallo; Maria Pia Fantini; DAVIDE GORI.
  • Manfredi Greco; Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • Elisa Maietti; Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna
  • Elena Savoia; Emergency Preparedness Research Evaluation & Practice Program, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.
  • Davide Trere; Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialistic Medicine, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • Chiara Reno; Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna
  • Flavia Rallo; Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna
  • Maria Pia Fantini; Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • DAVIDE GORI; Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-21250922
ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTIONDuring the first phase of COVID-19 pandemic, Italian medical students transitioned from in-person to remote learning. This study was carried out to early assess students sources of information, perceived risk of infection, knowledge and preventive practices in order to resume academic activity. The impact of training and volunteer work was also assessed. METHODSA cross-sectional online survey was conducted in May 2020 among medical students enrolled in the School of Medicine and Surgery, Bologna University. RESULTSThe analysis included 537 responses. On average students used seven sources of information on COVID-19. Scientific journals were considered the most trustworthy but they ranked only 6th in the frequency of use. Perceived risk of infection was higher for academic activities, especially in the hospital than daily living activities. Less than 50% of students reported being trained on biological risk and use of PPE. Training received was significantly associated with both perceived risk of infection and confidence in the use of PPE. Students engaged in volunteer work had higher confidence in PPE usage. DISCUSSIONAccessible scientific information and students engagement in spreading correct knowledge play an important role in challenging misinformation during the pandemic crisis. Students showed suboptimal knowledge about PPE use, calling for additional training. We found a moderate-high perceived risk of infection that could be mitigated with specific educational programs and by promoting voluntary work. Students engagement in public health emergencies (PHE) could potentially be beneficial for their training and as well as for the healthcare system.
Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: medRxiv Type of study: Etiology study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Preprint

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Full text: Available Collection: Preprints Database: medRxiv Type of study: Etiology study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Preprint