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1.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 380-387, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915798

ABSTRACT

Background@#Papillary breast lesions (PBLs) comprise diverse entities from benign and atypical lesions to malignant tumors. Although PBLs are characterized by a papillary growth pattern, it is challenging to achieve high diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility. Thus, we investigated the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs in core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens with World Health Organization (WHO) classification. @*Methods@#Diagnostic reproducibility was assessed using interobserver variability (kappa value, κ) and agreement rate in the pathologic diagnosis of 60 PBL cases on CNB among 20 breast pathologists affiliated with 20 medical institutions in Korea. This analysis was performed using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for cytokeratin 5 (CK5) and p63. The pathologic diagnosis of PBLs was based on WHO classification, which was used to establish simple classifications (4-tier, 3-tier, and 2-tier). @*Results@#On WHO classification, H&E staining exhibited ‘fair agreement’ (κ = 0.21) with a 47.0% agreement rate. Simple classifications presented improvement in interobserver variability and agreement rate. IHC staining increased the kappa value and agreement rate in all the classifications. Despite IHC staining, the encapsulated/solid papillary carcinoma (EPC/SPC) subgroup (κ = 0.16) exhibited lower agreement compared to the non-EPC/SPC subgroup (κ = 0.35) with WHO classification, which was similar to the results of any other classification systems. @*Conclusions@#Although the use of IHC staining for CK5 and p63 increased the diagnostic agreement of PBLs in CNB specimens, WHO classification exhibited a higher discordance rate compared to any other classifications. Therefore, this result warrants further intensive consensus studies to improve the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs with WHO classification.

2.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 129-138, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916711

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#We compared the outcomes of percutaneous transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy (PCNA) of lung masses in cases with and without prior positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) information, and investigated the factors associated with false-negative pathological results.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#From a total of 291 patients, 161 underwent PCNA without prior PET/CT imaging, while 130 underwent PET/CT before PCNA. Clinical characteristics, procedural variables, pathological results, and diagnostic success rates were compared between the 2 groups. Among patients with initial negative (non-specific benign) PCNA results, the radiological findings of these groups were compared to evaluate the predictors of false-negative lesions.@*RESULTS@#No significant difference was found in the clinical characteristics, procedural characteristics, and pathological results of the 2 groups, nor was the diagnostic rate significantly different between them (p = 0.818). Among patients with initial negative PCNA results, radiological characteristics were similar in both the groups. In multivariate analysis, the presence of necrosis (p = 0.005) and ground-glass opacity (GGO) (p = 0.011) were the significant characteristics that indicated an increased probability of initial false-negative results in PCNA.@*CONCLUSION@#Routine PET/CT did not have any additional benefit in patients undergoing PCNA of lung masses. The presence of necrosis or GGO could indicate an increased probability of false-negative pathological results.

3.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 647-655, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67791

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic resection (ER) is a well-established treatment modality for gastric epithelial neoplasm. However, there is a discrepancy between forceps biopsy and ER specimen pathology, including a negative pathologic diagnosis (NPD) after ER. It has been suggested that pit dysplasia (PD) is a subtype of gastric dysplasia, and the aim of this study was to assess the significance of PD in cases with NPD after ER for early gastric neoplasms. METHODS: After ER, 29 NPD lesions that had an associated pretreatment forceps biopsy specimen, were correctly targeted during ER, and had no cautery artifact on the resected specimen were included in this study. RESULTS: Sixteen lesions showed PD and 13 had no neoplastic pathology. The initial pretreatment forceps biopsy diagnoses of 29 NPD lesions were low-grade dysplasia (LGD) in 17 lesions, high-grade dysplasia (HGD) in seven lesions, and adenocarcinoma in five lesions, which after review were revised to PD in 19 lesions, LGD in four lesions, adenocarcinoma in two lesions, and no neoplastic pathology in four lesions. Overall, nine lesions (31%) were small enough to be removed by forceps biopsy, four NPD lesions (14%) were initially misinterpreted as neoplastic lesions, and 16 PD lesions (55%) were misinterpreted as NPD lesions on ER slides. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately half of the lesions initially diagnosed as LGD or HGD were subsequently classified as PD. Therefore, including PD as a subtype of gastric dysplasia could reduce the diagnostic discrepancy between initial forceps biopsy and ER specimens.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Artifacts , Biopsy , Cautery , Diagnosis , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial , Pathology , Stomach , Stomach Neoplasms , Surgical Instruments
4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 313-321, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101951

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has been determined in breast cancers. Interferons can affect T-cell activity through direct and indirect mechanisms. Myxovirus resistance A (MxA) is an excellent marker of interferon activity. Here,we evaluated TILs and MxA expression in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)–positive breast cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety cases of hormone receptor (HR)+/HER2+ tumors and 78 cases of HR–/HER2+ tumors were included. The TILs level was assessed using hematoxylin and eosin–stained full face sections, and MxA expressionwas evaluated by immunohistochemistrywith a tissue microarray. RESULTS: MxA protein expression was significantly higher in tumors with high histologic grade (p=0.023) and high levels of TILs (p=0.002). High levels of TILs were correlated with high histological grade (p=0.001), negative lymphovascular invasion (p=0.007), negative lymph node metastasis (p=0.007), absence of HR expression (p < 0.001), abundant tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs) around ductal carcinoma in situ (p=0.018), and abundant TLSs around the invasive component (p < 0.001). High levels of TILs were also associated with improved disease-free survival, particularly in HR–/HER2+ breast cancers. However, MxA was not a prognostic factor. CONCLUSION: High expression of MxA in tumor cells was associated with high levels of TILs in HER2-positive breast cancers. Additionally, a high level of TILs was a prognostic factor for breast cancer, whereas the level of MxA expression had no prognostic value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Disease-Free Survival , Epidermal Growth Factor , Hematoxylin , Interferons , Lymph Nodes , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Myxovirus Resistance Proteins , Neoplasm Metastasis , Orthomyxoviridae , ErbB Receptors , T-Lymphocytes
5.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1222-1228, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109754

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Venous invasion (VI) is widely accepted as a poor prognostic factor in colorectal cancer (CRC), and is indicated as a high-risk factor determining the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in CRC. However, there is marked interobserver and intraobserver variability in VI identification and marked variability in the real prevalence of VI in CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the detection rate of VI in 93 consecutive cases of T3 or T4 CRC based on the following: original pathology report, review of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) slides with attention to the "protruding tongue" and "orphan arteriole" signs, and elastic stain as the gold standard. RESULTS: Overall, the detection rate of VI was significantly increased as follows: 14/93 (15.1%) in the original pathology report, 38/93 (40.9%) in review of H&E slides with attention to the "protruding tongue" and "orphan arteriole" signs, and 45/93 (48.4%) using elastic stain. VI detection based on morphologic features showed 77.8% sensitivity and 91.1% specificity and showed a linear correlation (Spearman correlation coefficient, 0.727; p < 0.001) with VI detected by elastic stain. In addition, improved agreement between detection methods (detection on the basis of morphologic features, κ=0.719 vs. original pathology report, κ=0.318) was observed using kappa statistics. CONCLUSION: Slide review with special attention to the "protruding tongue" and "orphan arteriole" signs could be used for better identification of VI in CRC in routine surgical practice.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colon , Colorectal Neoplasms , Elastin , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematoxylin , Observer Variation , Pathology , Prevalence , Rectum , Sensitivity and Specificity , Veins
6.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 419-422, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149069

ABSTRACT

We presented a case of unusual endobronchial inflammatory polyps as a complication following endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in a patient with tuberculous lymphadenitis. EBUS-TBNA of the right hilar lymph node was performed in a 29-year-old, previously healthy man. The patient was confirmed with tuberculous lymphadenitis and received antituberculosis medication over the course of 6 months. Chest computed tomography, after 6 months of antituberculosis therapy following the EBUS-TBNA showed nodular bronchial wall thickening of the right main bronchus. Histological and microbiological examinations revealed inflammatory polyps. After 7 months, the inflammatory polyps regressed almost completely without need for removal.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Bronchi , Lymph Nodes , Lymphadenitis , Needles , Polyps , Thorax , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
7.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 188-192, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200942

ABSTRACT

We present a case of an unusual infectious complication of a ruptured mediastinal abscess after endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA), which led to malignant pleural effusion in a patient with stage IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer. EBUS-TBNA was performed in a 48-year-old previously healthy male, and a mediastinal abscess developed at 4 days post-procedure. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was performed for debridement and drainage, and the intraoperative findings revealed a large volume pleural effusion that was not detected on the initial radiographic evaluation. Malignant cells were unexpectedly detected in the aspirated pleural fluid, which was possibly due to increased pleural permeability and transport of malignant cells originating in a ruptured subcarinal lymph node from the mediastinum to the pleural space. Hence, the patient was confirmed to have squamous cell lung carcinoma with malignant pleural effusion and his TNM staging was changed from stage IIIA to IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abscess , Debridement , Drainage , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Lymph Nodes , Mediastinum , Needles , Neoplasm Staging , Permeability , Pleural Effusion , Pleural Effusion, Malignant , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
8.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 366-370, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188403

ABSTRACT

It is difficult to distinguish nodular fasciitis (NF) from other neoplasm of the parotid gland, especially pleomorphic adenoma (PA) by fine needle aspiration cytology. A 39-year-old female noticed a mass in the parotid region. The aspirate material showed cohesive parts composed of the cells that had oval or spindle-shaped nuclei and relatively abundant cytoplasm and some cells with plasmacytoid features. The background substance was fibromyxoid. PA was diagnosed based on the cytologic findings. Subsequently, parotidectomy was performed and NF was diagnosed based on histologic and immunohistochemical findings. NF in the parotid region is rare and may be misdiagnosed as other benign or malignant tumors of the parotid gland. The clinical history of rapid growth and the presence of mitoses and inflammatory cells help to distinguish NF from PA. In addition, immunohistochemical stains for smooth muscle actin and CD68 are useful to confirm the diagnosis of NF.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Actins , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Coloring Agents , Cytoplasm , Diagnosis , Fasciitis , Mitosis , Muscle, Smooth , Parotid Gland , Parotid Region
9.
Korean Journal of Legal Medicine ; : 161-166, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63503

ABSTRACT

Thoracic aortic aneurysms are less common than abdominal aortic aneurysms, however they are life-threatening and usually asymptomatic until acute complications occur. The majority of thoracic aorta aneurysm are associated with medial degeneration rather than atherosclerosis and the fusiform aortic aneurysm is common. Considering that it usually occurs during the sixth and seventh decades of life, its occurrence in a peripartum woman is unusual. Aortic dissection or thoracic aortic aneurysm with aortic insufficiency during pregnancy or peripartum has been reported, however, to our knowledge, the case of ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm in peripartum women, with saccular type without aortic valve involvement but not diffuse dilatation, has not been reported. Herein, we presented two autopsy cases of ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm during postpartum.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Aneurysm , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic , Aortic Valve , Atherosclerosis , Autopsy , Dilatation , Peripartum Period , Postpartum Period , Rupture
10.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 28-35, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancers with microsatellite instabilities (MSI) have been reported to be associated with favorable prognosis. However, the significance of the effect of MSI on the clinicopathological features, as well as its association with mucin phenotype, remains unclear. METHODS: MSI status was assessed in 414 cases of gastric cancer using polymerase chain reaction analysis of five microsatellite loci, as recommended by National Cancer Institution criteria. The expression of mucins (MUC5AC, MUC6, MUC2, and CD10) was assessed. RESULTS: Out of 414 total cases of gastric cancer, 380 (91.7%), 11 (2.7%), and 23 (5.6%) were microsatellite stable (MSS), low-level MSI (MSI-L), and high-level MSI (MSI-H), respectively. Compared to MSS/MSI-L, MSI-H gastric cancers were associated with older age (p=0.010), tumor size (p=0.014), excavated gross (p=0.042), intestinal type (p=0.028), aggressive behaviors (increase of T stage [p=0.009]), perineural invasion [p=0.022], and lymphovascular emboli [p=0.027]). MSI-H gastric cancers were associated with tumor necrosis (p=0.041), tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (> or =2/high power field, p or =10% of mass, p=0.031), tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (p<0.001), intestinal type (p=0.014), and gastric mucin phenotypes (p=0.020) could represent independent features associated with MSI-H gastric cancers. MSI-H intestinal type gastric cancers had a tendency for poor prognosis in univariate analysis (p=0.054) but no association in Cox multivariate analysis (p=0.197). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that MSI-H gastric cancers exhibit distinct aggressive biologic behaviors and a gastric mucin phenotype. This contradicts previous reports that describe MSI-H gastric cancer as being associated with favorable prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Gastric Mucins , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Microsatellite Instability , Microsatellite Repeats , Mucins , Multivariate Analysis , Necrosis , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , Stomach , Stomach Neoplasms , Succinimides
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