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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 413-421, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927172

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Platelet function test (PFT) results and genotype hold unique prognostic implications in East Asian patients. The aim of the PTRG-DES (Platelet function and genoType-Related long-term proGnosis in Drug-Eluting Stent-treated Patients with coronary artery disease) consortium is to assess the clinical impact thereof on long-term clinical outcomes in Korean patients with coronary artery disease during dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) including clopidogrel. @*Materials and Methods@#Searching publications on the PubMed, we reviewed clopidogrel treatment studies with PFT and/or genotype data for potential inclusion in this study. Lead investigators were invited to share PFT/genotype results, patient characteristics, and clinical outcomes to evaluate relationships among them. @*Results@#Nine registries from 32 academic centers participated in the PTRG-DES consortium, contributing individual patient data from 13160 patients who underwent DES implantation between July 2003 and August 2018. The PTRG-PFT cohort was composed of 11714 patients with available VerifyNow assay results. Platelet reactivity levels reached 218±79 P2Y12 reaction units (PRU), and high on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity based on a consensus-recommended cutoff (PRU >208) was observed in 55.9%. The PTRGGenotype cohort consisted of 8163 patients with candidate genotypes related with clopidogrel responsiveness. Of those with cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 genotype, frequencies of carrying one and two loss-of-function allele (s) (*2 or *3) were 47.9% (intermediate metabolizers) and 14.2% (poor metabolizers), respectively. @*Conclusion@#The PTRG-DES consortium highlights unique values for on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity and CYP2C19 phenotype that may be important to developing optimal antiplatelet regimens in East Asian patients.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926249

ABSTRACT

An isolated avulsion fracture of the subscapularis from the lesser tuberosity of the proximal humerus is rare in the pediatric population and only a couple of cases have been described in literature. A 12-yearold right-handed boy, was admitted to the hospital with left shoulder pain after falling down the previ-ous day. Physical examination revealed tenderness on the lesser tuberosity and intertubercular groove of the humerus and a limited range of motion. Ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging showed an isolated avulsion fracture of the subscapularis tendon from the lesser tuberosity of the humerus, accompanied by medial subluxation of the long head of the biceps tendon.In this case, a subscapularis avulsion fracture which is rare in this age group was detected at an early stage, and surgical treatment resulted in positive outcomes. Subscapularis avulsion fractures in children are difficult to diagnose in the early stages, and if not treated on time, the symptomatic improvement may be delayed. Timely and accurate diagnosis and treatment can help faster return to normal activi-ties. We would therefore like to report this case with a literature review.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1099-1104, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effects of bradykinin postconditioning on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rats, and to assess the underlying mechanisms.Methods:Forty-eight adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups according to random number table: Sham operation group, cardiac arrest (CA) group, bradykinin treatment (BK) group, and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor Compound C+ bradykinin treatment (CP+BK) group, finally, 8 rats in each group were taken for follow-up experiment. CA was induced by asphyxia. Rats in the Sham group received arteriovenous catheterization, endotracheal intubation, and mechanical ventilation, without CA. Compound C (250 μg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected in CP+BK group 30 minutes before CA, and the same volume of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was given in the remaining groups. Bradykinin (150 μg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected in BK group and CP+BK group 48 hours after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and same volume of saline was given in the remaining groups. The neural function of rats in each group was evaluated with neurological deficit score (NDS) 72 hours after ROSC. Microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) and p62 expressions were detected by immunohistochemistry, autophagosomes were observed by transmission electron microscopy, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling method (TUNEL) assay was used to assess apoptosis.Results:Compared with the Sham group, the NDS was decreased (60.75±5.80 vs. 80.00±0.00, P < 0.01), the expression levels of LC3 and p62 elevated [LC3 ( A value): 1.04±0.64 vs. 0.40±0.14, p62 ( A value): 2.75±0.57 vs. 0.36±0.12, both P < 0.05], the number of autophagosomes and apoptotic cells increased in the CA group [(39.00±8.00)% vs. (3.87±1.90)%, P < 0.05]. Compared with the CA group, the NDS (67.75±6.32 vs. 60.75±5.80, P < 0.05), the expression of LC3 ( A value: 1.60±0.34 vs. 1.04±0.64, P < 0.05), and the number of autophagosomes increased in the BK group, while the expression of p62 and the rate of apoptotic cells reduced [p62 ( A value): 1.51±0.32 vs. 2.75±0.57, apoptotic cells rate: (23.03±1.91)% vs. (39.00±8.00)%, both P < 0.05]. Compared with the BK group, the NDS (59.00±8.19 vs. 67.75±6.32, P < 0.05), the expression of LC3 ( A value: 0.62±0.41 vs. 1.60±0.34, P < 0.05) and the number of autophagosomes declined in the CP+BK group, while the expression of p62 and the rate of apoptotic cells elevated [p62 ( A value): 3.50±0.47 vs. 1.51±0.32, apoptotic cells rate: (44.53±10.15)% vs. (23.03±1.91)%, both P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Bradykinin postconditioning played a neuroprotective role in CPR rats by activating autophagy and reducing apoptosis.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892152

ABSTRACT

Background@#There are no data on comparison between clopidogrel monotherapy and prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients at high-risk undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#Of 2,082 consecutive patients undergoing PCI using second-generation drugeluting stent (DES), we studied 637 patients at high-risk either angiographically or clinically who received clopidogrel longer than 24 months and were event-free at 12 months after index PCI. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the clopidogrel monotherapy group and the prolonged DAPT group. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), definite or probable stent thrombosis, or stroke between 12 months and 36 months after the index PCI. @*Results@#In propensity score-matched population (246 pairs), the cumulative rate of primary outcome was 4.5% in the clopidogrel monotherapy group and 4.9% in the prolonged DAPT group (hazard ratio, 1.21; 95% confidence interval, 0.54–2.75; P = 0.643). There was no significant difference in all-cause death, MI, stent thrombosis, stroke between the clopidogrel monotherapy group and the prolonged DAPT group. @*Conclusion@#Compared with prolonged DAPT, clopidogrel monotherapy showed similar long-term outcomes in patients at high-risk after second-generation DES implantation.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899856

ABSTRACT

Background@#There are no data on comparison between clopidogrel monotherapy and prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients at high-risk undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#Of 2,082 consecutive patients undergoing PCI using second-generation drugeluting stent (DES), we studied 637 patients at high-risk either angiographically or clinically who received clopidogrel longer than 24 months and were event-free at 12 months after index PCI. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the clopidogrel monotherapy group and the prolonged DAPT group. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), definite or probable stent thrombosis, or stroke between 12 months and 36 months after the index PCI. @*Results@#In propensity score-matched population (246 pairs), the cumulative rate of primary outcome was 4.5% in the clopidogrel monotherapy group and 4.9% in the prolonged DAPT group (hazard ratio, 1.21; 95% confidence interval, 0.54–2.75; P = 0.643). There was no significant difference in all-cause death, MI, stent thrombosis, stroke between the clopidogrel monotherapy group and the prolonged DAPT group. @*Conclusion@#Compared with prolonged DAPT, clopidogrel monotherapy showed similar long-term outcomes in patients at high-risk after second-generation DES implantation.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921867

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common malignancy and the fourth leading cause of cancer related death worldwide. China covers over half of cases, leading HCC to be a vital threaten to public health. Despite advances in diagnosis and treatments, high recurrence rate remains a major obstacle in HCC management. Multi-omics currently facilitates surveillance, precise diagnosis, and personalized treatment decision making in clinical setting. Non-invasive radiomics utilizes preoperative radiological imaging to reflect subtle pixel-level pattern changes that correlate to specific clinical outcomes. Radiomics has been widely used in histopathological diagnosis prediction, treatment response evaluation, and prognosis prediction. High-throughput sequencing and gene expression profiling enabled genomics and proteomics to identify distinct transcriptomic subclasses and recurrent genetic alterations in HCC, which would reveal the complex multistep process of the pathophysiology. The accumulation of big medical data and the development of artificial intelligence techniques are providing new insights for our better understanding of the mechanism of HCC via multi-omics, and show potential to convert surgical/intervention treatment into an antitumorigenic one, which would greatly advance precision medicine in HCC management.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the role and molecular mechanism of necrostatin-1 (Nec-1), a specific programmed cell necrosis inhibitor, in promoting the oxidative stress response of macrophages under high glucose (HG) environment.@*METHODS@#Macrophages were cultured in control (5.5 mmol·L@*RESULTS@#The HG group had increased ROS level and MDA activity (@*CONCLUSIONS@#HG promotes oxidative stress on macrophages by upregulating RIP1 expression.


Subject(s)
Glucose , Humans , Macrophages , Necrosis , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species
8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1996-2005, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918184

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) features of fumarate hydratase-deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-deficient RCC) with germline or somatic mutations, and compare them with those of papillary type II RCC (pRCC type II). @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 24 patients (mean ± standard deviation, 40.4 ± 14.7 years) with pathologically confirmed FH-deficient RCC (15 with germline and 9 with somatic mutations) and 54 patients (58.6 ± 12.6 years) with pRCC type II were enrolled. The MDCT features were retrospectively reviewed and compared between the two entities and mutation subgroups, and were correlated with the clinicopathological findings. @*Results@#All the lesions were unilateral and single. Compared with pRCC type II, FH-deficient RCC was more prevalent among younger patients (40.4 ± 14.7 vs. 58.6 ± 12.6, p < 0.001) and tended to be larger (8.1 ± 4.1 vs. 5.4 ± 3.2, p = 0.002). Cystic solid patterns were more common in FH-deficient RCC (20/24 vs. 16/54, p < 0.001), with 16 of the 20 (80.0%) cystic solid tumors having showed typical polycystic and thin smooth walls and/or septa, with an eccentric solid component. Lymph node (16/24 vs. 16/54, p = 0.003) and distant (11/24 vs. 3/54, p < 0.001) metastases were more frequent in FH-deficient RCC. FHdeficient RCC and pRCC type II showed similar attenuation in the unenhanced phase. The attenuation in the corticomedullary phase (CMP) (76.3% ± 25.0% vs. 60.2 ± 23.6, p = 0.008) and nephrographic phase (NP) (87.7 ± 20.5, vs. 71.2 ± 23.9, p = 0.004), absolute enhancement in CMP (39.0 ± 24.8 vs. 27.1 ± 22.7, p = 0.001) and NP (50.5 ± 20.5 vs. 38.2 ± 21.9, p = 0.001), and relative enhancement ratio to the renal cortex in CMP (0.35 ± 0.26 vs. 0.24 ± 0.19, p = 0.001) and NP (0.43 ± 0.24 vs. 0.29 ± 0.19, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in FH-deficient RCC. No significant difference was found between the FH germline and somatic mutation subgroups in any of the parameters. @*Conclusion@#The MDCT features of FH-deficient RCC were different from those of pRCC type II, whereas there was no statistical difference between the germline and somatic mutation subgroups. A kidney mass with a cystic solid pattern and metastatic tendency, especially in young patients, should be considered for FH-deficient RCC.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 124-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors, clinical features and prognosis of abnormal liver function after receiving oxaliplatin-containing chemotherapy regimen in patients with colorectal cancer, and to provide a relevant basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The clinical data of 108 colorectal cancer patients who received XELOX (oxaliplatin+capecitabine) or mFOLFOX6 (oxaliplatin+leucovorin+ 5-fluorouracil) chemotherapy regimen from October 2017 to May 2019 in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. According to the liver function indexes after chemotherapy, the patients were divided into abnormal liver function group and normal liver function group. The observation indexes included alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase. The clinical characteristics of liver dysfunction after oxaliplatin-containing chemotherapy were analyzed and the related factors that might lead to liver dysfunction were analyzed by using multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results:Among 108 patients receiving chemotherapy, there were 67 (62.0%) cases of abnormal liver function. The main grades of liver dysfunction were grade 1 and grade 2, including 49 cases of grade 1 (73.1%) and 16 cases of grade 2 (23.9%). After chemotherapy, the abnormal liver function usually began in 1-4 cycles, of which 22 cases were 1 cycle (32.8%), 17 cases were 2 cycles (25.4%), 20 cases were 3 cycles (29.8%), and 4 cases were 4 cycles (6.0%). Univariate analysis showed that the age <60 years old, chemotherapy cycle >6, the use of mFOLFOX6 regimen, unprotected hepatoprotective drugs were related to liver dysfunction ( χ2 values were 3.910,4.799, 12.861, 4.044; all P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that mFOLFOX6 regimen and unprotected hepatoprotective drugs were independent risk factors of abnormal liver function ( HR = 3.405, 95% CI 1.266-9.159, P = 0.015; HR = 2.348, 95% CI 1.012-5.477, P = 0.047). Conclusions:For patients with colorectal cancer who have a high risk of liver dysfunction after chemotherapy, it is recommended to prefer XELOX regimen among oxaliplatin-containing chemotherapy regimens and to take preventive liver protection treatment.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and functional ankle instability (FAI) in young patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 102 patients with non-contact ACL injury[61 males and 41 females, with an age of (31.9±6.1) years and a Tegner activity score of (6.1±1.9) points] who had been treated at Department of Orthopedics, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital from January 2017 to March 2020 (injury group). Another 102 citizens without ACL injury from Guangzhou [56 males and 46 females, with an age of (30.3±7.2) years and a Tegner activity score of (6.0±2.1) points] were recruited as a control group. The Cumberland ankle instability tool (CAIT) and the Ankle Joint Functional Assessment Tool (AJFAT) were used to assess whether the subjects had self-conscious FAI or not. A correlation analysis was conducted using the data collected.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences between them in general data ( P>0.05). By the CAIT score, the incidence of FAI in the injury group [52.9% (54/102)] was significantly higher than that in the control group [32.4% (33/102)] ( P<0.05); by the AJFAT score, the incidence of FAI in the injury group [59.8% (61/102) ] was significantly higher than that in the control group [39.2% (40/102)] ( P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that diagnoses of FAI by CAIT and by AJFAT were respectively correlated with ACL injury ( r=-0.159, P=0.023; r=-0.215, P=0.002). Conclusions:The incidence of FAI may be high in patients with ACL injury and there is a correlation between FAI and ACL injury.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892079

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although current guidelines recommend noninvasive stress tests prior to elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it is unknown whether antecedent exercise stress test (EST) affects the outcomes of patients undergoing PCI for stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). This study aimed to investigate long-term outcomes in patients undergoing elective PCI with or without EST.@*METHODS@#We studied 2,674 patients undergoing elective PCI using drug-eluting stents for SIHD. Patients were divided into the 2 groups: the test group underwent EST with a positive result within 180 days prior to PCI (n = 668), whereas the non-test group did not undergo any noninvasive stress tests (n = 2,006). The primary outcome was all-cause death or myocardial infarction (MI).@*RESULTS@#Over 5 years after the index PCI, the risk of all-cause death or MI was significantly lower in the test group than in the non-test group in overall population (3.3% vs. 10.9%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22–0.55; P < 0.001), and in propensity score-matched population (668 pairs) (3.3% vs. 6.3%; adjusted HR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.30–0.89; P = 0.018). However, the incidence of any revascularization was similar between the 2 groups in overall (16.7% vs. 16.8%; adjusted HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.79–1.25; P = 0.962) and matched population (16.7% vs. 18.3%; adjusted HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.70–1.19; P = 0.509).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients who underwent elective PCI with EST had a reduced risk of all-cause death or MI than those undergoing PCI without stress tests.

12.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 406-417, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816677

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is recommended to improve symptoms in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD), improvement of exercise performance is controversial. This study aimed to investigate changes in exercise duration after PCI according to functional completeness of revascularization by comparing pre- and post-PCI exercise stress test (EST).METHODS: Patients with SIHD were enrolled from a prospective PCI registry, and divided into 2 groups: 1) functional complete revascularization (CR) group had a positive EST before PCI and negative EST after PCI, 2) functional incomplete revascularization (IR) group had positive EST before and after PCI. Primary outcome was change in exercise duration after PCI and secondary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE, a composite of any death, any myocardial infarction, and any ischemia-driven revascularization) at 3 years after PCI.RESULTS: A total of 256 patients (149 for CR group, and 107 for IR group) were eligible for analysis. Before PCI, exercise duration was not significantly different between the functional CR and IR groups (median 540 [interquartile range; IQR, 414, 602] vs. 480 [402, 589] seconds, p=0.091). After PCI, however, the CR group had a significantly higher increment of exercise duration than the IR group (median 62.0 [IQR, 12.0, 141.0] vs. 30.0 [−11.0, 103.5] seconds, p=0.011). The functional CR group also had a significantly lower risk of 3-year MACE (6.2% vs. 26.1%; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.19; 95% confidence interval, 0.09–0.41; p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Functional CR showed a higher increment of exercise duration than functional IR.


Subject(s)
Angina, Stable , Exercise Test , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Ischemia , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Prospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872671

ABSTRACT

Volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine (VOTCM) is a plant volatile component obtained through distillation or supercritical fluid extraction. The volatile oil is rich in terpenes and phenylpropanoids, with many different effect. It is not only widely used in healthcare products, but also has a variety of pharmacological effect, such as analgesia, antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor effect. Malignant tumor is an important threat to human health. At present, the drugs commonly used in clinical treatment of tumors are expensive with certain toxic and side effect. Although new treatment technologies are also being promoted step by step, they have higher treatment costs than traditional chemotherapies, and the long-term efficacy remained to be further confirmed. The effect of volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) on cancer is receiving more and more attention. In particular, it has a significant inhibitory effect on lung, liver, colon, and stomach cancer. Specifically, it can not only reduce the side effect of chemotherapy drugs, but also effectively prolong or stop the tumor recurrence, with special effects in treatment and adjuvant treatment. At the same time, various anti-tumor mechanisms of volatile oils have been discovered, such as inducing tumor cell apoptosis, inhibiting tumor blood vessel formation, inhibiting tumor cell proliferation, inducing tumor cell differentiation, interfering with multidrug resistance, and regulating the body's immune function. However, there are still some problems in the basic research, achievement transformation, and product development of volatile oil of TCM, which restricts its clinical and daily application. This paper summarizes the antitumor mechanism of volatile oil of TCM by consulting relevant domestic and foreign literatures, analyzes the current situation of volatile oils, and proposes improvement directions for its problems and development, in the expectation of laying the foundation for the research of volatile oil of TCM in anti-tumor research.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871642

ABSTRACT

Objective:The clinical characteristics of critical COVID-19 patients with pneumothorax after mechanical ventilation were retrospectively analyzed to provide reference for epidemic prevention and treatment.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made on 130 cases of COVID-19 critically patients admitted from January 1, 2020 to February 13, 2020 in Jinyintan Hospital of Wuhan.The clinical characteristics, mechanical ventilation related pneumothorax and treatment were analyzed.Results:Among the 130 patients with COVID-19 in critical condition, 7 (5.38%)cases had mechanical ventilation related pneumothorax (including bilateral and unilateral pneumothorax). All the 7 pneumothorax patients received bedside closed drainage, oxygen saturation and oxygen partial pressure were significantly improved after closed thoracic drainage.No statistical differences were found in other indexes (pH, lactic acid, PCO 2, oxygenation index). Conclusion:For large critical COVID-19 care centers, the involvement of thoracic surgeons are recommended to deal with the thoracic complications associated with mechanical ventilation. After the occurrence of pneumothorax, if there are no other obvious contrainstances, thoracic closed drainage should be given in time.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the oncologic outcomes of different laparoscopic radical hysterectomy.Methods:From January 2011 to December 2014, the laparoscopic operation cases of cervical cancer at stage Ⅰb1, Ⅰb2, Ⅱa1 and Ⅱa2, including the histologic subtypes of squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma, were collected in five clinical centers. The data were divided into two groups according to the surgical procedures, that is, modified laparoscopic-vaginal radical hysterectomy (mLVRH) and total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH). The overall survival rate (OS), disease-free survival rate (DFS) at 5 years were retrospectively analyzed in this study.Results:There were 674 cases in total, including 377 cases of mLVRH, 297 cases of TLRH. (1) The OS at 5 years: the mLVRH was 96.1% and the TLRH was 92.0%, and the mLVRH was higher than that of TLRH ( P=0.010). Stratify analysis, including stage of disease (Ⅰb1 and Ⅱa1), histologic subtypes (squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma), lymph node metastasis, revealed that, ① Stage of disease: in stage Ⅰb1, the OS at five years of mLVRH was higher than that in TLRH group (98.6% vs 93.6%, P=0.012). In stage Ⅱa1, there was significant difference between the two groups, the OS at five years of mLVRH and TLRH were 93.6% and 77.6% ( P=0.007). ② Histologic subtypes: for the OS at five years of squamous-cell carcinoma, mLVRH and TLRH were 96.1% and 92.3%, and there was significant difference ( P=0.046); for adenocarcinoma, the OS at five years were 91.0% and 88.6%, and there was no difference between two groups ( P=0.230). ③ Lymph node metastasis: the mLVRH and TLRH with lymph node metastasis, the OS at five years were 98.6% and 96.4%; the mLVRH and TLRH without lymph node metastasis, the OS at five years were 89.3% and 80.8%. There were no significant differences between the two groups,respectively ( P=0.156, P=0.093). (2) The DFS at 5 years: there was no significant difference between mLVRH and TLRH (94.1% vs 90.9%, P=0.220). Stratify analysis for stage of disease, the mLVRH group was higher than that in the TLRH group in stage Ⅰb1 (97.0% vs 92.8%, P=0.039). However, for stage Ⅱa1, there was no significant difference between mLVRH and TLRH group (88.2% vs 75.8%, P=0.074). Conclusions:The results of this retrospective study indicated that different laparoscopy surgical procedures had diverse oncologic outcomes. The OS at 5 years of the mLVRH is superior to the TLRH. The DFS at 5 years in Ⅰb1 stage, the mLVRH is higher than the TLRH. Therefore, the modified laparoscopy is still an alternative surgery for early cervical cancer patients when following the principle of no-tumor-exposure.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867814

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the outcomes of bone marrow stimulation techniques-drilling by a Kirschner needle versus microfracturing technique in the treatment of small osteochondral lesions of the talus.Methods From February 2014 to June 2017,57 patients were treated at Department of Orthopaedics,Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital for small osteochondral lesions of the talus.Of them,26 were treated by arthroscopic drilling with a Kirschner needle.They were 15 males and 11 females,aged from 20 to 57 years.The areas of osteochondral lesion ranged from 0.6 to 1.4 cm2.By the Berndt & Harty classification of ankle osteochondral lesions based on X-ray films,there were 9 cases of stage Ⅰ,8 cases of stage Ⅱ,6 cases of stage Ⅲ and 3 cases of stage Ⅳ.The other 31 patients of them were treated by arthroscopic microfracturing technique.They were 17 males and 14 females,aged from 24 to 55 years.The areas of osteochondral lesion ranged from 0.5 to 1.5 cm2.By the Berndt & Harty classification of ankle osteochondral lesions based on X-ray films,there were 10 cases of stage Ⅰ,11 cases of stage Ⅱ,8 cases of stage Ⅲ and 2 cases of stage Ⅳ.The 2 groups were compared in terms of visual analogue scale (VAS),the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score,the ankle activity score (AAS) and the Berndt & Harty staging of osteochondral lesions based on ankle X-ray films at the final follow-up.Results All the 57 patients were followed up for 13 to 27 mouths.The VAS,AOFAS and AAS scores and Berndt & Harty stages at the final follow-up were significantly improved in all the patients compared with their preoperative values (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the VAS (2.2 ± 1.6 versus 2.1 ± 1.4),AOFAS (89.1 ±6.3versus 90.4±5.8) or AAS scores (6 versus 6) at the final follow-up (P > 0.05).There was no significant difference between the 2 groups either in the excellent and good rate by the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot scoring [88.5% (23/26) versus90.3% (28/31)] at the final follow-up (x2 =0.052,P=0.820).Conclusion In the treatment of small osteochondral lesions of the talus,both arthroscopic drilling with a Kirschner needle and microfracturing technique can achieve satisfactory short-term curative effects,but the long-term effects need to be further studied.

17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 750-761, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833410

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Gastric cancer (GC) is a malignant tumor with a high mortality rate. Drug resistance is a major obstacle to GC therapy. This study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of exosomal circPRRX1 in doxorubicin resistance in GC. @*Materials and Methods@#HGC-27 and AGS cells were exposed to different doses of doxorubicin to construct doxorubicin-resistant cell lines. Levels of circPRRX1, miR-3064-5p, and nonreceptor tyrosine phosphatase 14 (PTPN14) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR or Western blot assay. Then, 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide, transwell,and Western blot assays were used to explore the function of circPRRX1 in GC cells. Interactions among circPRRX1, miR-3064-5p,and PTPN14 were confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The in vivo function of circPRRX1 was analyzed in a xenograft tumor model. @*Results@#CircPRRX1 was highly expressed in doxorubicin-resistant GC cell lines. Knockdown of circPRRX1 reversed doxorubicin resistance in doxorubicin-resistant GC cells. Additionally, extracellular circPRRX1 was carried by exosomes to spread doxorubicin resistance. CircPRRX1 silencing reduced doxorubicin resistance by targeting miR-3064-5p or regulating PTPN14. In GC patients,high levels of circPRRX1 in serum exosomes were associated with poor responses to doxorubicin treatment. Moreover, depletion of circPRRX1 reduced doxorubicin resistance in vivo. @*Conclusion@#CircPRRX1 strengthened doxorubicin resistance by modulating miR-3064-5p/PTPN14 signaling and might be a therapeutic target for GC patients.

18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 925-937, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833074

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#In patients with perioperative cardiac troponin (cTn) I below the 99th-percentile upper range of limit (URL), mortality according to cTn I level has not been fully evaluated. This study evaluated the association between postoperative cTn I level above the lowest limit of detection but within the 99th-percentile URL and 30-day mortality after noncardiac surgery. @*Methods@#Patients with cTn I values below the 99th-percentile URL during the perioperative period were divided into a no-elevation group with cTn I at the lowest limit of detection (6 ng/L) and a minor elevation group with cTn I elevation below the 99th percentile URL (6 ng/L < cTn I < 40 ng/L). The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. @*Results@#Of the 5,312 study participants, 2,582 (48.6%) were included in the no-elevation group and 2,730 (51.4%) were included in the minor elevation group. After propensity scorematching, the minor elevation group showed significantly increased 30-day mortality (0.5% vs. 2.3%; hazard ratio, 4.30; 95% confidence interval, 2.23–8.29; p<0.001). The estimated cutoff value of cTn I to predict 30-day mortality was 6 ng/L with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve 0.657. @*Conclusions@#A mild elevation of cTn I within the 99th-percentile URL after noncardiac surgery was significantly associated with increased 30-day mortality as compared with the lowest limit of detection.

19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 406-417, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833050

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is recommended to improve symptoms in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD), improvement of exercise performance is controversial. This study aimed to investigate changes in exercise duration after PCI according to functional completeness of revascularization by comparing pre- and post-PCI exercise stress test (EST).@*METHODS@#Patients with SIHD were enrolled from a prospective PCI registry, and divided into 2 groups: 1) functional complete revascularization (CR) group had a positive EST before PCI and negative EST after PCI, 2) functional incomplete revascularization (IR) group had positive EST before and after PCI. Primary outcome was change in exercise duration after PCI and secondary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE, a composite of any death, any myocardial infarction, and any ischemia-driven revascularization) at 3 years after PCI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 256 patients (149 for CR group, and 107 for IR group) were eligible for analysis. Before PCI, exercise duration was not significantly different between the functional CR and IR groups (median 540 [interquartile range; IQR, 414, 602] vs. 480 [402, 589] seconds, p=0.091). After PCI, however, the CR group had a significantly higher increment of exercise duration than the IR group (median 62.0 [IQR, 12.0, 141.0] vs. 30.0 [−11.0, 103.5] seconds, p=0.011). The functional CR group also had a significantly lower risk of 3-year MACE (6.2% vs. 26.1%; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.19; 95% confidence interval, 0.09–0.41; p<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Functional CR showed a higher increment of exercise duration than functional IR.

20.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831584

ABSTRACT

Background@#Limited data are available on the clinical meaning of early routine exercise treadmill testing (ETT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the drug-eluting stent era. We aimed to determine the clinical utility and implications of early routine ETT after PCI. @*Methods@#This was a single-center, prospective cohort study. A total of 776 patients underwent ETT within 3 months after index PCI were analyzed. We classified patients into ETT positive (+) and negative (−) groups and compared major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization. @*Results@#The median follow-up duration was 19.6 months (interquartile range, 15.4 to 33.5 months). ETT was positive for 63 patients (17.1%) with single-vessel disease (VD) and 150 patients (36.9%) with multi-VD. Previous PCI, absence of thrombotic lesion, multi-VD, and residual Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score > 8 were independent predictors of ETT (+). Compared with the ETT (−) group, the ETT (+) group was associated with increased risk of MACE for patients with single-VD (18.1% vs. 52.3%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10–6.49; P = 0.03) and residual SYNTAX score ≤ 8 (26.5% vs. 42.1%; adjusted HR, 1.90; 95% CI, 1.09–3.30; P = 0.02), but not for patients with multi-VD and residual SYNTAX score > 8. @*Conclusion@#Early routine ETT after PCI might be helpful for predicting clinical outcomes in patients with single-VD and residual SYNTAX score ≤ 8 but not multi-VD and residual SYNTAX score > 8.

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