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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906316

ABSTRACT

Notoginsenosides, the saponins extracted from Panax notoginseng, have many pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, anti-tumor, nervous system and cardiovascular system protection, microcirculation improvement and calcium overload inhibition. At present, notoginsenosides are widely used clinically for treating many diseases with good efficacy, especially for nervous system diseases such as stroke, stroke sequelae and Alzheimer's disease. In recent years, the mechanism underlying their neuroprotective effect has been continuously explored. To advance the applied research on notoginsenosides in the prevention and treatment of central nervous system diseases, this paper, combined with the latest reports, summarizes their neuroprotective effect and mechanisms in terms of regulating voltage-gated ion channels, protecting nerve cells and neurovascular unit, inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction, promoting angiogenesis and reducing excitatory neurotoxicity. Although the protective mechanism of notoginsenosides for the nervous system mainly involves the above several aspects, some of them still remain to be fully elucidated, which necessitates the further exploration of neuroprotective effect of notoginsenosides with molecular biology, metabolomics, proteomics and other technologies.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of chemical compound of aconitum alkaloid on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response of RAW264.7 macrophages and investigate its mechanism. Method:The chemical compounds of Aconitum Kusnezoffii Reichb were collected from TCMSP database with consideration of oral bioavailability (OB)≥30% and drug-likeness (DL)≥0.18. The potential targets of each chemical component were predicted with use of Pubchem database and Swiss Target Prediction database. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) targets were collected from GeneCards database and selected by intersection screening. Gene ontology (GO) classification enrichment and Pathway enrichment analysis were carried out with use of DAVID database. Cytoscape was used to construct "Chemical Compound-Potential Targets-Pathway-Disease" network. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by using STRING database and Cytoscape software. RAW264.7 macrophages were stimulated by LPS to establish macrophage inflammation model <italic>in vitro</italic>. Western blot was used to detect the effects of chemical compounds on the expression of tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in RAW264.7 cells induced by LPS, as well as on the expression of JAK kinase and nuclear transcription factor- kappa B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) signal pathway. Result:A total of 27 chemical compounds were obtained by searching TCMSP database and consulting literature (OB≥30%, DL≥0.18). 12 chemical compounds were obtained after screening. 177 potential targets were obtained after database prediction and screening, and 97 targets were obtained as potential targets for the treatment of RA after intersection between 177 potential targets and 4 329 RA targets. A total of 32 biological processes (BP), 5 cellular components (CC), and 12 molecular functions (MF) were enriched by DAVID database. The construction of network topology map showed that different chemical compounds can act on the same target and the same chemical compound can also act on different targets in the treatment of RA. Aconitum alkaloid can be connected with the same pathway through different targets or with different pathways through the same target, indicating that different targets may have synergistic effect, which fully reflected the complex multi-compound, multi-targets and multi-pathways mechanism. Different concentrations of LPS in stimulation (0-200 μg·L<sup>-1</sup>) can significantly up-regulate the expression of COX-2 protein in RAW264.7 macrophages (<italic>P</italic><0.05), indicating that the inflammatory model was successful. Compared with the normal group, the expression of TNF-<italic>α</italic> and COX-2 protein in the inflammatory model of RAW264.7 cells increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.05), while the expression of TNF-<italic>α</italic> and COX-2 protein in bulleyaconitine A(BLA), songorine, yunaconitine and karacoline groups decreased in varying degrees compared with the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the normal group, the expression of IRAK4, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, JAK1 and STAT3 in the inflammatory model of RAW264.7 cells were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), while such levels in BulleyaconitineA, songorine, yunaconitine and Karacoline groups were significantly lower than those in the model group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Based on systematic pharmacology and <italic>in vitro</italic> experiments, the related targets and signal pathways were analyzed to provide new insights into the pathogenesis of RA, reveal the molecular mechanism of aconitum alkaloid in the treatment of RA, and provide new ideas for the application of Mongolian medicine in modern medicine.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906131

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a worldwide public health problem that seriously threats human health. Long-term metabolic disorders, as the main cause of multi-system complications and death in the later stage of diabetes, can cause multi-system damage, leading to chronic progressive lesions in the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, blood vessels and other tissues and organs, as well as functional decline and failure. The low risk of side effects and new treatment strategies remain an area to be explored in clinical treatment of diabetes. Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (SM) is one of the commonly used herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), with the main effect of activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis. In recent years, it has been found that SM shows good performance in lowering blood sugar and treating diabetes complications. Data mining information has also shown that the drugs of activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis are now common drugs in clinical treatment of diabetes, and SM has the highest use frequency, with significant curative effect. In addition, TCM is a kind of treatment with composite components and multiple targets, and so people are increasingly interested in its effective components and carry out extensive researches. This article summarized the experimental verification of SM extract and its components (tanshinone A, tanshinone B, tanshinone ⅡA, tanshinone I, protocatechuic aldehyde, polysaccharide, and total polyphenol acid) in various diabetes models in improving glucolipid metabolism, improving heart function in patients with diabetes, alleviating the motor and sensory deficits caused by diabetes, preventing the occurence of the diabetic retinopathy, recovery of liver and kidney structure and function damage in diabetic patients, and helping to resist high sugar-induced atrophic cavitation potential. It may inhibit hyperglycemia-induced vascular injury with polyol pathway activation, reduce the formation of advanced glycation end products, inhibit protein kinase C pathway activation and hexosamine pathway activation, and alleviate oxidative stress caused by excessive production of peroxides in mitochondrial electron transport chain during hyperglycemia to play a role of treatment, and provide reference for clinical application.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Shaofu Zhuyutang on nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) /antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway in blood vessels by establishing the model of rats with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome, and to explore the protective effect and mechanism of Shaofu Zhuyutang on vascular endothelial injury. Method:The 50 SPF rats were randomly divided into high dose group (4.8 g·kg-1), middle dose group (2.4 g·kg-1), low dose group (1.2 g·kg-1), model group and normal group (ten of each group). The rat model of cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome was established by subcutaneous injection of epinephrine hydrochloride combined with ice bath. At the same time of modeling, the drug was administered by gavage. After 28 days of continuous administration, the hemorheology indexes were detected by automatic hemorheology instrument. Levels of nitric oxide (NO), endothelin (ET)-1, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH-Px), intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1), von Willebrand factor (vWF) in serum were determined by ELISA. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the endothelial injury of vascular tissue of thoracic aorta. The protein expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in vascular tissue of thoracic aorta was detected by Western blot. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)was used to observe the expression of Nrf2 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) mRNA in vascular tissue of thoracic aorta. Result:Compared with the blank group, model group rats whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), vWF, ICAM 1, VCAM 1 content increased significantly (P<0.01), NO, SOD, gsh-px levels decreased significantly (P<0.01), significantly increased the content of ET-1(P<0.01), thoracic aorta vascular tissue Nrf2, HO-1 mRNA expression was significantly increased (P<0.01), Nrf2 protein expression in the cell nucleus increased significantly (P<0.05), The protein expression level of Nrf2 in cytoplasm was significantly decreased (P<0.05), while the protein expression level of HO-1 was significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the whole blood viscosity (high and middle cut), plasma viscosity, were significantly reduced in high and meduim-dose Shaofu Zhuyutang groups(P<0.05,P<0.01). The levels of vWF, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and ET-1 in serum were significantly reduced (P<0.05,P<0.01), NO, SOD and GSH-Px increased significantly (P<0.05,P<0.01). The pathological changes such as hyperplasia, swelling and shedding of endothelial cells of thoracic aorta, rupture of internal elastic membrane and disorder of smooth muscle arrangement were improved. The expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1 protein and gene were significantly increased in vascular tissue of thoracic aorta (P<0.01). Conclusion:Shaofu Zhuyutang has a protective effect on vascular endothelial injury in rats with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome. The mechanism of action is related to the activation of Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway, which leading to the increased expression of antioxidant enzymes and decreased the expression of adhesion factors.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the seasonal characteristics and incidence trend of hepatitis E from 2005 to 2019 in Shanghai, and provide references for the prevention and treatment of hepatitis E. Methods:The seasonal characteristics of hepatitis E in Shanghai from 2005 to 2019 were analyzed by circular distribution method. The incidence trend of hepatitis E was analyzed by ARIMA (autoregressive moving average model). Results:The peak period of hepatitis E in Shanghai from 2005 to 2019 was from November 17 to June 9, and the peak day was on February 27. The time series shows that the optimal model is SARIMA(0,1,1)×(0,1,1)12, Akaike information criterion(AIC) and Schwartz Bayesian information criterion (SBC) are 1 243.799 and 1 250.035 respectively, and the residual is white noise sequence. The mean absolute percentage error(MAPE)between the predicted value, and the actual value of this model is 20.253%. The forecast shows a slight decrease in the number of cases of hepatitis E in 2020-2021 compared with 2019, but it is still at a high level. Conclusion:The incidence of hepatitis E in Shanghai shows a solid seasonal characteristic. Health education and prevention/control measures should be conducted well before the epidemic peak. Based on the short-term prediction, the incidence of hepatitis E would still be high. Effective prevention and control strategies should be developed, and active measures should be taken.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897330

ABSTRACT

In a search for effective PPAR-γ agonists, 110 clinical drugs were screened via molecular docking, and 9 drugs, including parecoxib, were selected for subsequent biological evaluation. Molecular docking of parecoxib to the ligand-binding domain of PPAR-γ showed high binding affinity and relevant binding conformation compared with the PPAR-γ ligand/antidiabetic drug rosiglitazone. Per the docking result, parecoxib showed the best PPAR-γ transactivation in Ac2F rat liver cells. Further docking simulation and a luciferase assay suggested parecoxib would be a selective (and partial) PPAR-γ agonist. PPAR-γ activation by parecoxib induced adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 murine preadipocytes. Parecoxib promoted adipogenesis in a dose-dependent manner and enhanced the expression of adipogenesis transcription factors PPAR-γ, C/EBPα, and C/EBPβ. These data indicated that parecoxib might be utilized as a partial PPAR-γ agonist for drug repositioning study.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889626

ABSTRACT

In a search for effective PPAR-γ agonists, 110 clinical drugs were screened via molecular docking, and 9 drugs, including parecoxib, were selected for subsequent biological evaluation. Molecular docking of parecoxib to the ligand-binding domain of PPAR-γ showed high binding affinity and relevant binding conformation compared with the PPAR-γ ligand/antidiabetic drug rosiglitazone. Per the docking result, parecoxib showed the best PPAR-γ transactivation in Ac2F rat liver cells. Further docking simulation and a luciferase assay suggested parecoxib would be a selective (and partial) PPAR-γ agonist. PPAR-γ activation by parecoxib induced adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 murine preadipocytes. Parecoxib promoted adipogenesis in a dose-dependent manner and enhanced the expression of adipogenesis transcription factors PPAR-γ, C/EBPα, and C/EBPβ. These data indicated that parecoxib might be utilized as a partial PPAR-γ agonist for drug repositioning study.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 392-396, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923205

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the application value of finger systolic blood pressure(FSBP) in the diagnosis of vibration-induced vascular injury. METHODS: Thirty patients with vibration-induced vascular injury [vibration-induced white finger(VWF)] were selected as the case group by a non-randomized concurrent controlled trial, and 30 hand-transmitted vibration workers without VWF were selected as the control group. The FSBP test was performed on the tested hands of all subjects, and the FSBP index of each Finger(F_( i)) was measured. RESULTS: The F_i of the index finger, middle finger, ring finger and tail finger of the tested hand in the case group were lower than that in the control group(all P<0.01). In the case group, the F_i of index finger was lower than ring finger and tail finger(all P<0.01). The abnormal rates of F_i on the index, middle and ring fingers in the case group were higher than those in the control group(86.7% vs 10.0%, 76.7% vs 13.3%, 43.3% vs 10.0%, all P<0.01). The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve of the measured F_i of the index finger, middle finger, ring finger and tail finger were 0.884, 0.843, 0.764 and 0.687 respectively. The diagnostic cut off value of the F_i of index finger was 80.2%. The sensitivity and specificity were 86.7% and 90.0%, respectively. CONCLUSION: FSBP test has a good application value in the diagnosis of vibration-induced vascular injuries. It is suggested that the F_i of index finger be the first choice as the diagnostic index, and the abnormal value can be set at 80.0%.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 529-533, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To test and analyze the vibration transmissivity of three common kinds of protective gloves, and to determine their actual protecting effect. METHODS: Three kinds of protective gloves were selected as test materials, and five healthy volunteers were selected as subjects using typical sampling methods. According to the ISO 10819:2013 Mechanical Vibration and Shock--Hand-arm Vibration--Measurement and Evaluation of the Vibration Transmissibility of Gloves at the Palm of the Hand(hereinafter referred to as ISO 10819:2013), investigation and measurement of basic parameters of protective gloves. The gloved vibration transmission(GVT) test system was used to test the vibration transmission of different protective gloves worn by the subjects, and the spectrum analysis of vibration reduction characteristics was carried out. RESULTS: The thickness of damping material of all the three kinds of protective gloves met the standard requirements. The mean value for the corrected frequency-weighted glove vibration transmissibility values at 25.0-200.0 Hz were 0.91, 0.75 and 0.94, and 1.05, 0.85 and 1.10 at 200.0-1 250.0 Hz, for the protective gloves A, B and C, respectively. The results of anti-vibration characteristic spectrum analysis show that there has no vibration reduction effect at the frequency of 25.0-200.0 Hz when wearing these three kinds of gloves. Wearing gloves A and B on part of the 200.0-1 250.0 Hz frequency vibration has an amplifying effect. Wearing glove C has a partial vibration reduction effect at the 200.0-1 250.0 Hz frequency, and the vibration reduction efficiency is the highest at the frequency of 1 250.0 Hz.CONCLUSION: According to the ISO 10819:2013 standard, the mean value of GVT measured when wearing the three kinds of protective gloves does not meet the relevant requirements, and the anti-vibration effect is poor. These gloves cannot be defined as anti-vibration gloves.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2595-2602, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887825

ABSTRACT

Nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group F, member 6 (NR2F6) is a member of orphan nuclear receptors, which is expressed in major tissues and organs of the human body, and plays an important role in the regulation of various biological functions and gene expressions. Recent studies have shown that the expression of NR2F6 was up-regulated in a variety of malignant tumors and showed significant correlations with cancer progression. These findings triggered the widespread interest in understanding the relationship between NR2F6 and cancer development and progression. In addition, the latest studies have underscored that NR2F6 was involved in enhancing antitumor immune responses that could serve as a potential target for immune regulation. This review summarizes the biological functions of NR2F6 and its role in tumors, with the aim to provide new insights into effective cancer therapies.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Neoplasms/genetics , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1804-1810, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887025

ABSTRACT

To study the changes in the pharmacokinetic behavior of four coumarins (bergapten, oxypeucedanin, imperatorin and isoimperatorin) in rats before and after combinating Angelicae Dahuricae Radix with Chuanxiong Rhizoma. The plasma concentrations of the drugs were determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection (UPLC-FLD) for dose response and time dependent curves. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 3.2.8, and SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze the differences of main pharmacokinetic parameters between the two groups. The result showed: comparing with Angelicae Dahuricae Radix group, the area under drug time curve (AUC0-24 h) of bergapten, oxypeucedanin and imperatorin increased by 177.2%, 97.14% and 54.43% respectively, AUC0-∞ increased by 282.3%, 104.2%, and 75.40% respectively, and clearance rate (CLZ/F) decreased by 68.26%, 51.08% and 43.98% respectively; the peak drug concentration (Cmax) of four coumarins was significantly increased; the distribution volume (VZ/F) of bergapten was significantly decreased. These data indicated that Chuanxiong Rhizoma can promote the absorption of coumarins in Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, slow down the elimination of coumarins, and increase their bioavailability in vivo. The animal experiment scheme in this study has been approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (approval number: BUCM-4-2020083105-3072).

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the sensitivity of the ArcCheck dosimetry system in detecting the leaf open time errors during the center and off-center helical tomotheray delivery quality assurance (DQA).Methods:Nine nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients were selected in this study. Two DQA plans were created for each patient: the" center" plan was created by moving the image of the ArcCheck phantom to place the high dose region on the phantom center and the " off-center" plan was created by offsetting the phantom and putting several diodes through a higher does region. Leaf open time errors of 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 ms were introduced to the Sinogram which was modified using Matlab. Each intentional error plan and original (no error) plan for each patient were measured using both " center" and " off-center" DQA methods, the γ analysis was performed to evaluate the DQA results. The different dose and distance error criteria of 3%/3 mm, 3%/2 mm and 2%/2 mm were selected, and different thresholds of 5%, 10% and 15% were selected for γ analysis. The gradient and the minimum detectable error approach were taken to quantitatively analyze the sensitivity. The correlation between different dose distance error criteria and different thresholds was also evaluated by Pearson correlation analysis. Results:The absolute value of γ gradient of the " center" DQA plans were larger than those of the " off-center" plans in all different γ criteria (all P<0.05). The stricter the γ criteria were adopted, the more sensitive DQA results of leaf open time error were obtained. The minimum detectable error was 2 ms in all different γ criteria for the " center" DQA plan. The minimum error detectability of the " off-center" DQA plan was weaker than that of the " center" DQA plan. The γ passing rates of three different dose distance error criteria were significantly strongly correlated for the " center" DQA plan ( R2>0.9). For the " off-center " DQA plan, only the 3%/3 mm and 3%/2 mm criteria were significantly strongly correlated ( R2>0.9). Significant strong correlation was observed in the γ passing rate at different thresholds between the " off-center" and " center" DQA plans. Conclusions:The " center" DQA plan method is more sensitive than the " off-center" DQA plan method in all γ criteria, and the γ passing rates in different γ criteria are strongly correlated for the " center" DQA plan. The " center" DQA plan method is recommended.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1299-1309, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878164

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bendamustine was approved in China on May 26th, 2019 by the National Medical Product Administration for the treatment of indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The current study was the registration trial and the first reported evaluation of the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of bendamustine in Chinese adult patients with indolent B-cell NHL following relapse after chemotherapy and rituximab treatment.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase 3 study (NCT01596621; C18083/3076) with a 2-year follow-up period. Eligible patients received bendamustine hydrochloride 120 mg/m2 infused intravenously on days 1 and 2 of each 21-day treatment cycle for at least six planned cycles (and up to eight cycles). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR); and secondary endpoints were duration of response (DoR), progression-free survival (PFS), safety, and pharmacokinetics. Patients were classified according to their best overall response after initiation of therapy. Proportions of patients in each response category (complete response [CR], partial response [PR], stable disease, or progressive disease) were summarized along with a two-sided binomial exact 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the ORR.@*RESULTS@#A total of 102 patients were enrolled from 20 centers between August 6th, 2012, and June 18th, 2015. At the time of the primary analysis, the ORR was 73% (95% CI: 63%-81%) per Independent Review Committee (IRC) including 19% CR and 54% PR. With the follow-up period, the median DoR was 16.2 months by IRC and 13.4 months by investigator assessment; the median PFS was 18.6 months and 15.3 months, respectively. The most common non-hematologic adverse events (AEs) were gastrointestinal toxicity, pyrexia, and rash. Grade 3/4 neutropenia was reported in 76% of patients. Serious AEs were reported in 29 patients and five patients died during the study. Pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that the characteristics of bendamustine and its metabolites M3 and M4 were generally consistent with those reported for other ethnicities.@*CONCLUSION@#Bendamustine is an active and effective therapy in Chinese patients with relapsed, indolent B-cell NHL, with a comparable risk/benefit relationship to that reported in North American patients.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT01596621; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01596621.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bendamustine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , China , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 113-129, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872623

ABSTRACT

Research on the material basis of Chinese materia medica (CMM) is the basis for modernization of CMM. High-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) has become a powerful tool for the qualitative analysis of the components of CMM. Some data-mining strategies based on high-resolution mass spectrometry, such as full-information tandem mass spectrometry scanning acquisition strategy, sequential windowed acquisition of all theoretical fragment ions, mass detect filter, characteristic ion filter, mass spectral tree similarity filter, etc. have greatly promoted the elucidation of the qualitative basis of CMM. In order to provide methods for the rapid discovery and structural characterization of components and metabolites of CMM, this review summarized the advances in HRMS-based data-mining technologies for detecting and characterizing the compounds and metabolites of CMM, which includes class compounds, all compounds and metabolites.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 310-314, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of noise measuring skills by continuous inter-laboratory comparison among occupational hygiene technical service organizations. METHODS: The results of 68, 55 and 50 occupational hygiene technical service organizations(reference organizations) participating in the inter-laboratory comparison of workplace noise measurement in 2014, 2017 and 2018 respectively were collected. The measurement operation and the calculation of equivalent sound level were evaluated according to the GBZ/T 189.8-2007 Measurement of Physical Agents in Workplace--Part 8: Noise.The measured results were analyzed by z score evaluation method. RESULTS: The results of noise measurement field operation of the reference organizations in the year 2014, 2017 and 2018 show that the accuracy rates of instrument setting was 89.7%, 98.2% and 100.0%, the accuracy rates of measuring position were 52.9%, 81.8% and 94.0%, the accuracy rates of sound level meter holding were 54.4%, 80.0% and 92.0%, the accuracy rates of microphone pointing were 98.5%, 98.2% and 94.0%, and the accuracy rates of noise type recognition were 83.8%, 92.7% and 84.0%, respectively. Among them, the accuracy of instrument setting, measurement position and sound level meter holding showed an increasing trend year by year(P<0.01). The pass rates of measurement results were 91.2%, 94.5% and 88.0% in 2014, 2017 and 2018 respectively. The pass rates of equivalent sound level calculation were 73.5%, 92.7% and 88.0%. The pass rates of comprehensive evaluation were 70.6%, 89.1% and 80.0% respectively. Among them, the pass rates of equivalent sound level calculation and comprehensive evaluation in 2017 were higher than that in 2014(P<0.017). There was no significant difference in the three-year comprehensive assessment total pass rate between private organizations and non-private organizations(84.0 % vs 75.5%, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the total pass rate of three-year comprehensive evaluation between non-Pearl-River-Delta organizations and Pearl-River-Delta organizations(70.3% vs 81.6%, P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Continuous inter-laboratory comparison in occupational hygiene technical service organizations is beneficial to improve on-site noise measure capability.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of ZNF652 in breast cancer tissues and cells and explore its role in breast cancer cell proliferation, invasion and migration.@*METHODS@#We exploited the data from the TCGA database to analyze the differential expression of ZNF652 in breast cancer tissues and adjacent tissues and the correlations of ZNF652 expression with the clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer patients including molecular subtypes, pathological types, TNM stages and clinical stages. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of ZNF652 in 5 breast cancer cell lines including MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, SK-BR-3, UACC-812 and BT-474. Using a lentivirus system and siRNA technique, we assessed the effects of ZNF652 over-expression and knockdown on proliferation, colony forming ability, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells with CCK-8 assay, clonogenic assay, Transwell assay and wound healing assay. The subcellular localization of ZNF652 in 293T cells was determined using immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#ZNF652 was significantly up-regulated in breast cancer tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#ZNF652 is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues and cells to promote the development and progression of breast cancer and may serve as a potential molecular target for diagnosis and treatment of the malignancy.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinogenesis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2665-2673, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837526

ABSTRACT

In this study, the effect of benzo[α]pyrene (BaP) on chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) in a simulated hypoxia environment was observed and the relationship to heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) was clarified. With HSP90 inhibitor geldanamycin (GA) and HSP90α silenced, the mRNA and protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), HSP90, heat shock cognate protein 70 (HSC70), and lysosomal associated protein 2A (LAMP-2A) of A549 cells on hypoxic environment by BaP were tested. Alkaline comet experiment, immunofluorescence γ-H2AX focus experiment, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), and Western blot analyses were used to clarify the relationship between the DNA damage of different concentrations of BaP in A549 cells and the mRNA and protein expression of CMA-related factors. The results show that hypoxia can promote the expression of mRNA and protein of CMA-related factors in A549 cells. This study found that BaP has an inhibitory effect on CMA under the hypoxic environment. The inhibition or silencing of HSP90 will enhance the inhibitory effect of BaP on CMA. In a normoxic environment, BaP causes DNA damage and promotes CMA.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828110

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, the detection capability has been improving and the detection techniques have been evolving with innovations. qRT- PCR and mNGS, which represent the current mainstay diagnostic technologies, play key roles in disease diagnosis and monitoring of virus variation. The detection technologies based on serum and plasma IgM and IgG antibodies are important for auxiliary diagnosis. RT-LAMP is highly specific for a diagnostic purpose. Digital PCR could quantitatively detect nucleic acid and SHERLOCK has a higher sensitivity. These techniques all have great potential for future development and application for pathogen detection. In this review the authors summarize the basic rationales, technical characteristics and the current application of the SARS-CoV-2 detection techniques.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral , Betacoronavirus , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828035

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a quantitative method of 4 aristolochic acids-DNA adducts in mice kidney and liver based on high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(HPLC-MS/MS) for monitoring the content changes of aristolochic acids-DNA adducts. A Shiseido Capcellpak AQ C_(18) column(3 mm×100 mm, 3 μm) was used, with a mixture of 0.2% acetic acid-5 mmol·L~(-1) ammonium acetate as the aqueous phase and methanol as the organic phase for gradient elution. The multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) scanning method under positive mode by electrospray ionization(ESI) was performed for the detection of the aristolochic acids-DNA adducts which formed by combining aristolochic acid Ⅰ/Ⅱ with deoxyadenosine, deoxyguanosine, and deoxycytidine, respectively. Balb/c mice were given Guanmutong extract by gavage, and the relative content of aristolochic acids-DNA adducts in liver and kidney samples were analyzed within 60 days. It was found that the concentration of 4 aristolochic acids-DNA adducts in the kidney was significantly higher than that in the liver, and there were about 15.87 adducts in per 1×10~6 normal deoxynucleosides, which was 4.5-7.5 times than that of the liver. What's more, some adducts can still be detected on the 30 th day after administration. The concentration of the adducts in the liver was highest on the first day after administration, and a second peak appeared during the 7 th to 14 th days. The results indicated that aristolochic acids-DNA adducts are difficult to eliminate in vivo, and it is of great significance to study the mechanism of liver and kidney injury of aristolochic acid.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aristolochic Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , DNA Adducts , Liver , Mice , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826325

ABSTRACT

Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disease of hair follicle sebaceous gland units,with an incidence of up to 85% in adolescents.The pathogenesis is closely related to androgen,sebum secretion,lipophilic microbial infection,and immune-inflammatory reaction.This article reviews the signaling pathways related to acne from the aspects of inflammatory signaling pathways and sebum secretion pathways.


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris , Adolescent , Humans , Sebaceous Glands , Sebum , Signal Transduction
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