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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 58-64, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953746

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare and analyze the therapeutic effects of robot-assisted lobectomy and segmentectomy for stage ⅠA non-small cell lung cancer with a diameter≤2 cm. Methods    A total of 181 patients with pathologically confirmed stage ⅠA non-small cell lung cancer (diameter≤2 cm) who underwent robot-assisted lobectomy and segmentectomy in our hospital from 2018 to 2021 were included. There were 74 males and 107 females with an average age of 57.50±10.60 years. They were divided into two groups according to the surgical procedure: a segmentectomy group (85 patients) and a lobectomy group (96 patients). Results    There was no statistically significant  difference between the two groups in terms of clinical data such as age, gender, smoking history, basic disease, pathological type, tumour diameter, operative time, postoperative 24 h drainage volume and overall complications (P>0.05). The intraoperative blood loss (33.88±16.26 mL vs. 39.27±19.48 mL, P=0.046), groups of dissected lymph nodes (4.76±1.19 vs. 5.52±1.46, P=0.000), number of dissected lymph nodes (14.81±7.23 vs. 18.06±7.70, P=0.004) and postoperative 72 h drainage volume (561.65±225.31 mL vs. 649.84±324.34 mL, P=0.037) of patients in the segmentectomy were less than those in the lobectomy group. The chest drainage time (5.49±3.92 d vs. 7.60±4.96 d, P=0.002) and postoperative hospital stay time (7.47±4.16 d vs. 9.67±5.50 d, P=0.003) were shorter than those in the lobectomy group. There was no conversion to thoracotomy or perioperative death in the two groups. The postoperative follow-up rate was 100.0% with a longest follow-up time of 48 months. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rates of the segmentectomy group and lobectomy group were 87.7% and 92.4%, respectively (P=0.465). Conclusion    The da Vinci robot-assisted lobectomy and segmentectomy are safe and feasible surgical procedures for patients with stage ⅠA non-small cell lung cancer (diameter≤2 cm), with a similar 3-year recurrence-free survival rate. The lobectomy group has more lymph nodes dissected, while the segmentectomy group is superior to the lobectomy group in terms of intraoperative blood loss, postoperative 72 h chest drainage volume, chest drainage time and postoperative hospitalization time.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 826-833, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971838

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of spleen volume (SV) in predicting portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) and severe PHG in patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 168 patients with liver cirrhosis who were admitted to Xiangyang No.1 People's Hospistal Affiliated to Hubei University of Medicine from January 2018 to August 2022, and with the results of gastroscopy as the gold standard, these patients were divided into non-PHG group with 115 patients and PHG group with 53 patients; the PHG group was further divided into mild PHG group with 26 patients and severe PHG group with 27 patients. All patients underwent electronic gastroscopy, abdominal magnetic resonance imaging, and serological examination to obtain related indices and parameters. The group t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. A multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen out the independent risk factors for PHG and severe PHG, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to compare the predictive value of related indices or parameters. The area under the Roccurve is compared using Delong test. Results The univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between the PHG group and the non-PHG group in sex, presence or absence of ascites, hemoglobin (Hb), platelet count (PLT), aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, albumin (Alb), prothrombin time, international normalized ratio, Child-Pugh class, FIB-4 score, King score, Lok score, spleen diameter (SD), SV, platelet count/spleen diameter ratio (PSDR), and platelet count/spleen volume ratio (PSVR) (all P < 0.05), and there were significant differences in Hb, PLT, Alb, SD, SV, PSDR, and PSVR between the mild PHG group and the severe PHG group (all P < 0.05). The multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that FIB-4 score (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.280, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.009-1.625, P < 0.05) and SV ( OR =1.007, 95% CI : 1.001-1.013, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for PHG, and SV ( OR =0.990, 95% CI : 0.980-1.000, P < 0.05) was an independent influencing factor for severe PHG. The ROC curve analysis showed that in predicting PHG, SV had a larger area under the ROC curve (AUC) than FIB-4 score (0.884 vs 0.825, P < 0.05), with a sensitivity of 0.774 and a specificity of 0.870 at the optimal cut-off value of 406.82; in predicting the onset of severe PHG, SV had an AUC of 0.782, with a sensitivity of 0.593 and a specificity of 0.962 at the optimal cut-off value of 714.63. Conclusion SV has a good value in predicting the onset of PHG and severe PHG.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 284-297, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971682

ABSTRACT

Biofilms are closely associated with the tough healing and dysfunctional inflammation of chronic wounds. Photothermal therapy (PTT) emerged as a suitable alternative which could destroy the structure of biofilms with local physical heat. However, the efficacy of PTT is limited because the excessive hyperthermia could damage surrounding tissues. Besides, the difficult reserve and delivery of photothermal agents makes PTT hard to eradicate biofilms as expectation. Herein, we present a GelMA-EGF/Gelatin-MPDA-LZM bilayer hydrogel dressing to perform lysozyme-enhanced PTT for biofilms eradication and a further acceleration to the repair of chronic wounds. Gelatin was used as inner layer hydrogel to reserve lysozyme (LZM) loaded mesoporous polydopamine (MPDA) (MPDA-LZM) nanoparticles, which could rapidly liquefy while temperature rising so as to achieve a bulk release of nanoparticles. MPDA-LZM nanoparticles serve as photothermal agents with antibacterial capability, could deeply penetrate and destroy biofilms. In addition, the outer layer hydrogel consisted of gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) promoted wound healing and tissue regeneration. It displayed remarkable efficacy on alleviating infection and accelerating wound healing in vivo. Overall, the innovative therapeutic strategy we came up with has significant effect on biofilms eradication and shows promising application in promoting the repair of clinical chronic wounds.

4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 175-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an efficient protocol for directed differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into functional midbrain dopaminergic progenitor cells (DAPs) in vitro.@*METHODS@#hiPSCs were induced to differentiate into DAPs in two developmental stages. In the first stage (the first 13 days), hiPSCs were induced into intermediate cells morphologically similar to primitive neuroepithelial cells (NECs) in neural induction medium containing a combination of small molecule compounds. In the second stage, the intermediate cells were further induced in neural differentiation medium until day 28 to obtain DAPs. After CM-DiI staining, the induced DAPs were stereotactically transplanted into the right medial forebrain bundle (MFB) of rat models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Eight weeks after transplantation, the motor behaviors of PD rats was evaluated. Immunofluorescence assay of brain sections of the rats was performed at 2 weeks after transplantation to observe the survival, migration and differentiation of the transplanted cells in the host brain microenvironment.@*RESULTS@#hiPSCs passaged stably on Matrigel showed a normal diploid karyotype, expressed the pluripotency markers OCT4, SOX2, and Nanog, and were positive for alkaline phosphatase. The primitive neuroepithelial cells obtained on day 13 formed dense cell colonies in the form of neural rosettes and expressed the neuroepithelial markers (SOX2, Nestin, and PAX6, 91.3%-92.8%). The DAPs on day 28 highly expressed the specific markers (TH, FOXA2, LMX1A and NURR1, 93.3-96.7%). In rat models of PD, the hiPSCs-DAPs survived and differentiated into TH+, FOXA2+ and Tuj1+ neurons at 2 weeks after transplantation. Eight weeks after transplantation, the motor function of PD rats was significantly improved as shown by water maze test (P < 0.0001) and apomorphine-induced rotation test (P < 0.0001) compared with rats receiving vehicle injection.@*CONCLUSION@#HiPSCs can be effectively induced to differentiate into DAPs capable of differentiating into functional neurons both in vivo and in vitro. In rat models of PD, the transplanted hiPSCs-DAPs can survive for more than 8 weeks in the MFB and differentiate into multiple functional neurocytes to ameliorate neurological deficits of the rats, suggesting the potential value of hiPSCs-DAPs transplantation for treatment of neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Animals , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Neurons , Parkinson Disease , Mesencephalon , Cells, Cultured
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 85-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of CLEC5A expression level on cell proliferation, migration and invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and explore the role of CLEC5A in the tumorigenesis and progression of HCC.@*METHODS@#The expression level of CLEC5A was detected in 50 pairs of HCC and adjacent tissues using immunohistochemical staining, and its association with clinicopathological parameters of HCC patients was analyzed. Cultured HCC cell line SK-HEP-1 was transfected with a lentiviral vector overexpressing CLEC5A, and the transfection efficiency was verified using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The changes in proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of the transfected cells were analyzed using CCK-8, 5-ethynyl-29-deoxyuridine (EdU) and Transwell assays, and EMT of the cells was determined using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The protein expression level of CLEC5A was significantly lower in HCC tissues than in the adjacent tissues (P < 0.001). The expression level of CLEC5A was significantly correlated with tumor size (P=0.008), tumor number (P=0.010), histological differentiation (P=0.016), microvascular invasion (P=0.024) and BCLC stage (P=0.040). In SK-HEP-1 cells, overexpression of CLEC5A obviously inhibited the cell proliferation, migration and invasion and reversed EMT phenotype of the cells.@*CONCLUSION@#CLEC5A is a potential HCC suppressor gene and may serve as a promising therapeutic target for HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Cell Differentiation , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Lectins, C-Type/genetics
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 213-223, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the apoptosis and cycle arrest effects of Oldenlandia diffusa flavonoids on human gastric cancer cells, determine the action mechanisms in association with the mitochondrial dependent signal transduction pathway that controls production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and evaluate the pharmacodynamics of a mouse xenotransplantation model to provide a reference for the use of flavonoids in prevention and treatment of gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Flavonoids were extracted by an enzymatic-ultrasonic assisted method and purified with D-101 resin. Bioactive components were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography. Cell lines MKN-45, AGS, and GES-1 were treated with different concentrations of flavonoids (64, 96, 128, 160 µg/mL). The effect of flavonoids on cell viability was evaluated by MTT method, and cell nuclear morphology was observed by Hoechst staining. The apoptosis rate and cell cycle phases were measured by flow cytometry, the production of ROS was detected by laser confocal microscope, the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were observed by fluorescence microscope, and the expression of apoptotic proteins related to activation of mitochondrial pathway were measured by immunoblotting. MKN-45 cells were transplanted into BALB/c nude mice to establish a xenograft tumor model. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to reveal the subcutaneous tumor tissue. The tumor volume and tumor weight were measured, the expression levels of proliferation markers proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression levels of CA72-4 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Oldenlandia diffusa flavonoids inhibited proliferation of MKN-45 and AGS human gastric cancer cells, arrested the cell cycle in G1/S phase, induced accumulation of ROS in the process of apoptosis, and altered MMP. In addition, flavonoids increased Apaf-1, Cleaved-Caspase-3, and Bax, and decreased Cyclin A, Cdk2, Bcl-2, Pro-Caspase-9, and Mitochondrial Cytochrome C (P<0.05). The MKN-45 cell mouse xenotransplantation model further clarified the growth inhibitory effect of flavonoids towards tumors. The expression levels of PCNA and Ki-67 decreased in each flavonoid dose group, the expression level of CA72-4 decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Flavonoids derived from Oldenlandia diffusa can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of human gastric cancer cells by activating the mitochondrial controlled signal transduction pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Oldenlandia/metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Stomach Neoplasms , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Ki-67 Antigen , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Caspases , Cell Proliferation
7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 818-823, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996623

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of da Vinci robot with totally no tube (TNT) versus subxiphoid video-assisted thymectomy surgery (SVATS) in the treatment of thymic tumors. Methods     From 2019 to 2021, a retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with thymic tumor resection in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command. All patients underwent total thymectomy and mediastinal fat removal, and they were divided into a TNT group and a SVATS group according to the operation method. The intraoperative blood loss, conversion rate, postoperative visual analogue score (VAS), postoperative hospital stay time and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Results     We finally included 435 patiets. There were 168 patients with 83 males and 85 females at an average age of 61.920±9.210 years in the TNT group and 267 patients with 147 males and 120 females at an average age of 61.460±8.119 years in the SVATS group. There was no death or postoperative myasthenic crisis in both groups. There was no statistical difference in postoperative hospital stay (1.540±0.500 d vs. 3.400±0.561 d, P=0.000), intraoperative blood loss (13.450±5.498 mL vs. 108.610±54.462 mL, P=0.000), postoperative 24 h VAS score (4.960±1.757 points vs. 3.600±1.708 points, P=0.000), or postoperative complication rate (3.0% vs. 11.6%, P=0.001). Conclusion     TNT is a more efficient, safe, and effective surgical approach for treating thymic tumors, which can shorten hospital stay time and reduce postoperative complications. However, SVATS can minimize postoperative pain.

8.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 808-813, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the determination of voliconazole (VRC), posaconazole (PCZ), and linazolam (LNZ) in human serum.Methods:This study is a methodological validation by LC-MS/MS. The blood concentration results of VRC, PCZ, and LNZ in our hospital′s anti-infection patients were collected. Voriconazole, Posaconazole, and Linezolid were accurately weighed and prepared. Linezolid-[2H3] was used as the internal standard. After gradient elution on the ACE PFP column, the residuals were analyzed by LC-MS/MS in the positive electrospray ionization mode and multiple reaction monitor (MRM) mode. The method′s linearity, precision, lower limit of detection, and recovery rate were validated according to standard guidelines.Results:The linear correlation coefficient ( r) of the standard curve was above 0.99 ( r>0.99). The linear range of VRC and PCZ were 0.10 mg/L~10.00 mg/L, and the lower limit of detection were 0.01 mg/L. The linear range of LNZ was 0.50 mg/L~50.00 mg/L, and the lower limit of detection was 0.05 mg/L. The recoveries of VRC, PCZ and LNZ were 90.96%-103.18%, 91.84%-99.17%, and 97.04%-100.41%, respectively. Intra-and inter-batch precision (% CV) for VRC were less than 8.30%. Intra-and inter-batch precision (% CV) for PCZ was less than 9.78%. Intra-and inter-batch precision (% CV) for LNZ was less than 7.14%. Drug concentrations in 155 cases of VRC, 44 cases of PCZ, and 59 cases of LNZ were detected. Conclusion:We have established an LC-MS/MS method for the rapid, accurate, highly specific determination of VRC, PCZ, and LNZ concentrations in human serum. This method is suitable for analyzing large clinical sample sets.

9.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 217-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To purify H5N1 influenza virus concentrate prepared by MDCK cells with a new mixed-mode chromatography medium Capto Core700 and the traditional medium Sepharose 4FF, and to compare the separation and purification efficacy of the two media.Methods:Capto Core700 and Sepharose 4FF were used to purify inactivated H5N1 influenza virus concentrate. The morphology of virus particles in different samples was then observed under a transmission electron microscope. Single radial immunodiffusion (SRID), Folin-Phenol (Lowry) method, double-antibody sandwich ELISA and qPCR were used to detect hemagglutinin, total protein, host cell protein (HCP) and host cell DNA (HCD) before and after purification. The recovery rate of virus antigen and the removal rate of impurities were calculated. The immunogenicity of the viruses purified with different media was analyzed using animal experiments. Difference in the purification efficacy of the two chromatography media was analyzed by t-test. Results:H5N1 influenza viruses purified by Capto Core700 or Sepharose 4FF showed the typical influenza virus morphology under transmission electron microscope. There was no significant difference in the recovery rate of hemagglutinin between the two chromatography media ( P>0.05), but compared with Sepharose 4FF, Capto Core700 had a higher removal rate of impurities (total protein, HCP, HCD) and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Animal experiments showed that the viruses purified by the two chromatography media had good immunogenicity. Conclusions:Compared with Sepharose 4FF chromatography medium, Capto Core700 could more effectively remove process-related impurities such as HCP, HCD and total protein without affecting the recovery rate of viral antigen. This study provided reference for the development of purification technology in the production of H5N1 influenza virus vaccine in MDCK cells.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 184-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994448

ABSTRACT

Autologous serum skin test (ASST) is commonly used as a screening test to assess immune subtypes of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) in clinical practice, but its immunological mechanisms and associations with clinical features and prognosis of CSU are not yet clear. Studies have shown that positive ASST is associated with increased immunoglobulin G autoantibodies, decreased eosinophil and basophil counts, increased CD63 expression on basophils, and changes in circulating inflammatory cytokine levels in CSU patients, but not associated with age, disease duration, and personal or family history of CSU patients, and may be a predictor of severity of chronic urticaria. ASST-positive patients may respond poorly to second-generation H1 antihistamines, slowly to omalizumab, but respond well to cyclosporine and autologous whole blood/serum injections. This review summarizes the immunological and clinical characteristics of ASST-positive patients, and discusses the predictive value of positive ASST for the efficacy of different treatment regimens.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 766-771, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993889

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between early international normalized ratio(INR)and overanticoagulation in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation(AF)treated with Warfarin, and to evaluate its clinical value in predicting overanticoagulation.Methods:A total of 470 elderly patients with AF treated with Warfarin for anticoagulation were enrolled retrospectively.INR was detected in the morning of the next day after 3 days and 7 days of Warfarin treatment.According to whether INR was greater than 3.0 after 7 days of Warfarin treatment, the patients were divided into over-anticoagulation group(n=107)and non-over-anticoagulation group(n=363). The general clinical data of the two groups were analyzed.The receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC)was used to evaluate the value of 3-day INR(early INR)level in predicting overanticoagulation.Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors related to overanticoagulation in elderly AF patients receiving Warfarin treatment.Results:The age, initial warfarin dose, early INR and serum aspartate transferase level in the over-anticoagulation group were higher than those in the non-over-anticoagulation group( P<0.05 for all). The proportions of patients with initial Warfarin dose≥2.5 mg, age≥70 years old, body weight≤65 kg, valvular atrial fibrillation, hypoproteinemia, abnormal liver function, and combined use of antibiotics were higher in the over-anticoagulation group than those in the non-over-anticoagulation group( P<0.05 for all). The body weight, serum albumin level and the proportion of diabetes mellitus in the over-anticoagulation group were lower than those in the non-over-anticoagulation group( P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the area under the curve(AUC)of early INR in predicting over-anticoagulation was 0.927(95% CI: 0.900-0.949, P<0.0001), the sensitivity was 82.86% and the specificity was 88.43%, the optimal cutoff value for predicting overanticoagulation was INR≥1.66.Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that early INR level≥1.66( OR=33.871, P<0.001), initial warfarin dose≥2.5 mg( OR=17.062, P=0.011), body weight≤65 kg( OR=2.824, P=0.002), age≥70 years old( OR=2.678, P=0.003), and abnormal liver function( OR=2.091, P=0.022)were related factors for over-anticoagulation in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation. Conclusions:Early INR level is closely related to overuse of anticoagulation in elderly AF patients receiving Warfarin treatment, which can be regarded as a predictor of overuse of anticoagulation.Early INR level in elderly AF patients receiving warfarin treatment should be monitored to reduce the incidence of anticoagulant overuse.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 226-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992701

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effects of adjustable traction skin stretchers used in repair of wounds at the lower leg, foot and ankle.Methods:A retrospective study was performed to analyze the clinical data of 56 patients who had been treated for skin defects at the lower leg, foot and ankle from August 2016 to September 2022 at The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Honghui Hospital, Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University Medical College, The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan Polytechnic University, and Yunnan Zhongde Orthopedic Hospital. There were 35 males and 21 females, aged (39.9±18.7) years. There were 43 traumatic wounds, 3 burns, 6 inflammatory wounds, 3 relief incisions due to osteofascial compartment syndrome, and 1 scar. The areas of skin defect ranged from 2.5 cm × 2.0 cm to 20.0 cm × 10.0 cm. The duration of wounds was (8.6±7.8) d. All the wounds were repaired with adjustable traction skin stretchers. The row-hook type of skin stretchers was used in 28 cases, the single-rod type in 20 cases, the single-rod type combined with an external fixator in 5 cases, and a combination of the row-hook type and the single-rod type in 3 cases.The time for wound traction closure, color of wound skin margin, skin swelling around the wound, functional recovery of affected limb and complications were recorded.Results:The time from skin stretching to wound closure was (7.8±3.8) d in the 56 patients. The color of wound skin edge after stretching was normal in 16 cases, dark red in 38 cases, and dark in 2 cases; the skin swelling around the wound was degree 1 in 21 cases, degree 2 in 33 cases, and degree 3 in 2 cases. The 56 patients were followed up for (8.9±4.1) months. Primary wound closure was achieved in 48 patients, and secondary wound closure in 8 patients after repair with an autologous skin graft. Partial skin necrosis occurred due to tension blisters after skin stretching in 2 patients, one of whom was repaired with an autologous skin graft and the other of whom by dressing change. Deep bone infection recurred in 2 patients whose wounds healed after their bone defects were repaired using Ilizarov technique of bone transfer. In the 56 patients, the muscle strength of the lower extremity beyond the wound was recovered to normal, and the range of motion of the joints adjacent to the wound also recovered to normal.Conclusion:In repair of wounds at the lower leg, foot and ankle, adjustable traction skin stretchers can lead to fine clinical effects and limited complications, because the stretchers can control the tension of skin digitally and precisely.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1016-1019, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the incidence of sleep disorder in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients before antiviral therapy, and to explore its risk factors.Methods:200 newly treated HIV/AIDS patients who visited the Eighth Affiliated City Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January to June 2016 were randomly selected. According to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), they were divided into a good sleep group and a Sleep disorder group; The influencing factors of sleep disorder in HIV/AIDS patients were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression.Results:The incidence of Sleep disorder in 200 HIV/AIDS patients before antiviral therapy was 22.5%(45/200); CD4 + T cell count was (414.13±202.16)/μl; 29%(58/200) of patients had CD4 + T cell counts<200/μl. There were significant differences in CD4 + T cell count and the proportion of patients with syphilis infection, comorbidity anxiety and comorbidity depression between the good sleep group and the Sleep disorder group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that syphilis infection ( OR=4.606; 95% CI: 1.973-10.752; P<0.001), comorbidity anxiety ( OR=2.496; 95% CI: 1.086-5.737; P=0.031) and comorbidity depression ( OR=2.087; 95% CI: 0.915-4.760; P=0.040) were risk factors for sleep disorder in HIV/AIDS patients before antiviral treatment. Conclusions:The incidence of Sleep disorder in HIV/AIDS patients before antiviral therapy in Guangzhou is high, especially in patients with syphilis infection, comorbidity anxiety and comorbidity depression. The sleep disorder of HIV/AIDS patients should be assessed and detected early, and multiple interventions should be taken to improve sleep quality.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 328-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a quantitative real-time PCR detection system for Brucella S2 vaccine strain. Methods:Based on the differences in the entire genome sequence between Brucella S2 vaccine strain and other reference strains of Brucella, primers and probes were designed to establish a quantitative real-time PCR detection system for Brucella S2 vaccine strain. The DNA of 22 reference strains of Brucella and 8 non- Brucella control strains were obtained from the National Institute for Infectious Disease Control and Prevention of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. At the same time, environmental samples were obtained from the brucellosis vaccine manufacturers, and bacterial DNA from environmental samples was extracted using a blood/tissue genomic DNA extraction kit. The obtained DNA was pre-amplified by conventional PCR, and then subjected to quantitative real-time PCR secondary amplification (nested fluorescence quantitative PCR) using the amplified PCR product as a template. The specific fluorescence curve and corresponding number of cycles (Ct value) were observed, and the sensitivity was tested. Results:The quantitative real-time PCR detection system established did not detect specific fluorescence curves (without Ct values) for 21 reference strains of Brucella and 8 non- Brucella control strains, except for S2 vaccine strains. The established detection system had a minimum detection limit of 4.34 fg (genomic DNA) for detecting the DNA of Brucella S2 vaccine strain; DNA of Brucella S2 vaccine strain was detected in 3 of the 14 environmental samples collected. Conclusion:The quantitative real-time PCR detection system established can detect Brucella S2 vaccine strain in samples, with good sensitivity and specificity.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 196-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991604

ABSTRACT

Objective:A nested-PCR assay is developed to detect and identify the genomic DNA of Brucella vaccine A19 strain. Methods:The whole genomic sequences of Brucella vaccine A19 strain and other Brucella spp. strains were compared and analyzed. The primers were designed by nucleotide difference sites. The nested-PCR assay was established to detect and identify Brucella vaccine A19 strain. The genomic DNA of Brucella vaccine A19 strain was extracted and diluted. The diluted template DNA was tested for sensitivity of using nested-PCR assay. And the specificity of nested-PCR assay was tested for the genomic DNA of other Brucella spp. strains and non- Brucella spp. strains. Results:The minimum detection limit of the nested-PCR assay was 3.43 fg. The nested-PCR assay established for amplification of Brucella vaccine A19 strain showed 246 bp electrophoresis bands, while other Brucella spp. strains showed 314 bp electrophoresis bands, and non- Brucella spp. strains did not produce electrophoresis bands. Conclusions:The nested-PCR assay established has the characteristics of high sensitivity and specificity. It can be detected when there is one copy of Brucella vaccine A19 strain genomic DNA in the reaction system. This method is particularly suitable for the detection and identification of trace genomic DNA of Brucella vaccine A19 strain in sample.

16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 369-378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on electrophysiological characteristics of glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons in dorsal hippocampus (dHPC) and ventral hippocampus (vHPC) in mice, and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the plasticity of hippocampal neurons and memory regulation after PTSD. Male C57Thy1-YFP/GAD67-GFP mice were randomly divided into PTSD group and control group. Unavoidable foot shock (FS) was applied to establish PTSD model. The spatial learning ability was explored by water maze test, and the changes in electrophysiological characteristics of glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons in dHPC and vHPC were examined using whole-cell recording method. The results showed that FS significantly reduced the movement speed, and enhanced the number and percentage of freezing. PTSD significantly prolonged the escape latency in localization avoidance training, shortened the swimming time in the original quadrant, extended the swimming time in the contralateral quadrant, and increased absolute refractory period, energy barrier and inter-spike interval of glutamatergic neurons in dHPC and GABAergic neurons in vHPC, while decreased absolute refractory period, energy barrier and inter-spike interval of GABAergic neurons in dHPC and glutamatergic neurons in vHPC. These results suggest that PTSD can damage spatial perception of mice, down-regulate the excitability of dHPC and up-regulate the excitability of vHPC, and the underlying mechanism may involve the regulation of spatial memory by the plasticity of neurons in dHPC and vHPC.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Hippocampus , Spatial Learning , GABAergic Neurons
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 807-814, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980820

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Significant brain volume deviation is an essential phenotype in children with neurodevelopmental delay (NDD), but its genetic basis has not been fully characterized. This study attempted to analyze the genetic factors associated with significant whole-brain deviation volume (WBDV).@*METHODS@#We established a reference curve based on 4222 subjects ranging in age from the first postnatal day to 18 years. We recruited only NDD patients without acquired etiologies or positive genetic results. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical exome sequencing (2742 genes) data were acquired. A genetic burden test was performed, and the results were compared between patients with and without significant WBDV. Literature review analyses and BrainSpan analysis based on the human brain developmental transcriptome were performed to detect the potential role of genetic risk factors in human brain development.@*RESULTS@#We recruited a total of 253 NDD patients. Among them, 26 had significantly decreased WBDV (<-2 standard deviations [SDs]), and 14 had significantly increased WBDV (>+2 SDs). NDD patients with significant WBDV had higher rates of motor development delay (49.8% [106/213] vs . 75.0% [30/40], P  = 0.003) than patients without significant WBDV. Genetic burden analyses found 30 genes with an increased allele frequency of rare variants in patients with significant WBDV. Analyses of the literature further demonstrated that these genes were not randomly identified: burden genes were more related to the brain development than background genes ( P  = 1.656e -9 ). In seven human brain regions related to motor development, we observed burden genes had higher expression before 37-week gestational age than postnatal stages. Functional analyses found that burden genes were enriched in embryonic brain development, with positive regulation of synaptic growth at the neuromuscular junction, positive regulation of deoxyribonucleic acid templated transcription, and response to hormone, and these genes were shown to be expressed in neural progenitors. Based on single cell sequencing analyses, we found TUBB2B gene had elevated expression levels in neural progenitor cells, interneuron, and excitatory neuron and SOX15 had high expression in interneuron and excitatory neuron.@*CONCLUSION@#Idiopathic NDD patients with significant brain volume changes detected by MRI had an increased prevalence of motor development delay, which could be explained by the genetic differences characterized herein.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/epidemiology , Genetic Testing , Phenotype , Brain/pathology , Genetic Background , SOX Transcription Factors/genetics
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1725-1731, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978662

ABSTRACT

Stable isotope tracer metabolomics tracks and analyzes the whole metabolic process of the body through the tracer atoms, which belongs to the frontier technology in the field of biomedicine. This technology is of great significance and value for explaining the pathogenesis of diseases, finding biomarkers of diseases and drug action targets. Taking the mechanism of glucose catabolism disorder in depression as an example, this paper systematically expounds the stable isotope tracer metabolomics technology and its application. The research idea of stable isotope tracer metabolomics based on unmarked metabolomics was put forward, and the research strategy of biological significance interpretation from four dimensions of metabolite isotope abundance, key metabolic enzymes, metabolic flow direction and metabolite flow was given, which broke through the bottleneck of stable isotope tracer metabolomics research technology based on overall animal experiment, and provided scientific basis for the promotion and application of this technology.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 450-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962490

ABSTRACT

Cancer is one of the major fatal diseases that seriously threaten human health, and its burden needs to be solved urgently. Health technology assessment (HTA) can provide scientific evidence-based basis for cancer diagnosis, treatment, prevention and related policy formulation. Cost-utility analysis is the gold standard for economic evaluation in HTA, and the accurate measurement of its health utility is one of the key elements to determine the accuracy of its results. This article focuses on systematic introduction of direct measures, multi-attribute health utility scales, and mapping methods in the field of cancer measurement and reviews their applications in cancer patients. Among them, direct measures are complex, costly, and require a high level of subject knowledge; multi-attribute health utility measures are currently the preferred method for measuring health utility in cancer patients; with the continuous development and refinement of disease-specific utility measures in multi-attribute health utility instruments, the mapping method may gradually decrease in future applications. This paper can provide a reference for the selection of health utility measurement tools for HTA in the field of cancer, and provide evidence-based basis for optimizing resource allocation and policy formulation in the field of cancer.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2522-2529, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981328

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effects of Erxian Decoction(EXD)-containing serum on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells under oxidative stress through BK channels. The oxidative stress model was induced in MC3T3-E1 cells by H_2O_2, and 3 mmol·L~(-1) tetraethylammonium(TEA) chloride was used to block the BK channels in MC3T3-E1 cells. MC3T3-E1 cells were divided into a control group, a model group, an EXD group, a TEA group, and a TEA+EXD group. After MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with corresponding drugs for 2 days, 700 μmol·L~(-1) H_2O_2 was added for treatment for another 2 hours. CCK-8 assay was used to detect cell proliferation activity. The alkaline phosphatase(ALP) assay kit was used to detect the ALP activity of cells. Western blot and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR) were used to detect protein and mRNA expression, respectively. Alizarin red staining was used to detect the mineralization area of osteoblasts. The results showed that compared with the control group, the model group showed significantly blunted cell proliferation activity and ALP activity, reduced expression of BK channel α subunit(BKα), collagen Ⅰ(COL1), bone morphogenetic protein 2(BMP2), osteoprotegerin(OPG), and phosphorylated Akt, decreased mRNA expression levels of Runt-related transcription factor 2(RUNX2), BMP2, and OPG, and declining area of calcium nodules. EXD-containing serum could significantly potentiate the cell proliferation activity and ALP activity, up-regulate the protein expression of BKα, COL1, BMP2, OPG, and phosphorylated Akt, and forkhead box protein O1(FoxO1), promote the mRNA expression of RUNX2, BMP2, and OPG, and enlarge the area of calcium nodules. However, BK channel blockage by TEA reversed the effects of EXD-containing serum in promoting the protein expression of BKα, COL1, BMP2, OPG, and phosphorylated Akt and FoxO1, increasing the mRNA expression of RUNX2, BMP2, and OPG, and enlarging the area of calcium nodules. EXD-containing serum could improve the proliferation activity, osteogenic differentiation, and mineralization ability of MC3T3-E1 cells under oxidative stress, which might be related to the regulation of BK channels and downstream Akt/FoxO1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Osteogenesis , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/pharmacology , Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Osteoblasts
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