Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 37
Filter
1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 140-145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986693

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship of cuprotosis-related genes with survival rate and prognosis in patients with liver cancer. Methods By collecting clinical information and corresponding RNA-seq data of patients with liver cancer in the TCGA database, the differential expression levels of 10 cuprotosis-related genes in liver cancer and normal tissues was analyzed. Novel liver cancer subtypes were identified through consistent clustering, and differences in overall survival and clinicopathological factors were compared between the two subtypes. Univariate Cox regression analysis was used in screening cuprotosis genes associated with prognosis, and LASSO regression analysis was used in constructing a risk model. Results FDX1 was down-regulated, and the other nine genes were up-regulated in HCC tissues compared with normal tissues. Cluster analysis showed that the prognosis of Cluster1 was poor. Five prognostic genes (LIPT1, DLAT, MTF1, GLS, and CDKN2A) were screened out through univariate Cox regression analysis and LASSO regression analysis for risk model construction. The risk score of this prognostic model was identified as an independent prognostic factor compared with other clinical features. Conclusion Through bioinformatics analysis, a liver cancer prognosis model of five cuprotosis-related genes is constructed, which may be used as molecular markers for tumor diagnosis and are potential therapeutic targets.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 845-850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985571

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a dynamic syndromic surveillance system in the border areas of Yunnan Province based on information technology, evaluate its effectiveness and timeliness in the response to common communicable disease epidemics and improve the communicable disease prevention and control in border areas. Methods: Three border counties were selected for full coverage as study areas, and dynamic surveillance for 14 symptoms and 6 syndromes were conducted in medical institutions, the daily collection of information about students' school absence in primary schools and febrile illness in inbound people at border ports were conducted in these counties from January 2016 to February 2018 to establish an early warning system based on mobile phone and computer platform for a field experimental study. Results: With syndromes of rash, influenza-like illness and the numbers of primary school absence, the most common communicable disease events, such as hand foot and mouth disease, influenza and chickenpox, can be identified 1-5 days in advance by using EARS-3C and Kulldorff time-space scanning models with high sensitivity and specificity. The system is easy to use with strong security and feasibility. All the information and the warning alerts are released in the form of interactive charts and visual maps, which can facilitate the timely response. Conclusions: This system is highly effective and easy to operate in the detection of possible outbreaks of common communicable diseases in border areas in real time, so the timely and effective intervention can be conducted to reduce the risk of local and cross-border communicable disease outbreaks. It has practical application value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Influenza, Human , Sentinel Surveillance , Syndrome , China , Cell Phone
3.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 649-653, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the common types, surgical treatment and effects of tracheal stenosis in children.Methods:A total of 23 children with tracheal stenosis in our hospital from December 2017 to August 2020 were retrospectively reviewed, including 14 males and 9 females. The mean age at operation was(8.9±5.8)months(range: 2-3 months) and the mean weight was(6.4±2.3)kg(range: 4.2-10.5 kg). The common types of tracheal stenosis were complete tracheal ring in 9 children, tracheomalacia in 10 and subglottic membranous annular hyperplasia in 4. The type of congenital heart diseases included 10 patients of pulmonary artery sling, 1 of tetralogy of Fallot, 5 of ventricular septal defect, 1 of pulmonary atresia, and 1 of right aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery. Slide tracheoplasty was performed in 9 patients, external splint in 8, endotracheal stent in 2 and tracheal dilation in 4. All children were followed up after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months of operation with CT and bronchoscopy.Results:There was 1 death in all 23 patients and the mortality was 4.3%, which died of granulation tissue hyperplasia after slide tracheoplasty. Reoperation was performed in 1 patient with endotracheal stent. All patients were followed for 1 to 24 months. Clinical symptoms of tracheal stenosis disappeared and the results of CT and bronchoscopy were satisfied.Conclusion:Slide tracheoplasty is the effective surgical method for complete trachea ring. 3D printing bioresorbable external splint is a promising method for the treatment of tracheomalacia.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1213-1219, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941424

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between inflammation activity of left atrial epicardial adipose tissue (LA-EAT) measured by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: A total of 78 patients with AF, who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT in the Nuclear Medicine Department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University due to abnormally elevated levels of tumor indicators or malignant tumors from March 2018 to December 2019, were enrolled in this retrospective study. According to the examination date of PET/CT and basic characteristics of AF patients (gender, age), a 1∶1 propensity score matching was used to enroll a non-AF control group (78 patients). The maximum standard uptake value of left atrial epicardial tissue (LA-EAT FDG SUVmax) and total EAT volume (V-EAT) were measured by 18F-FDG PET/CT. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left atrial diameter (LAD) were obtained by echocardiography. Blood lipids and biomarkers of inflammation were measured. The differences of clinical data and EAT-related indicators were compared between the AF group and control group. Logistic multivariate regression analysis was used to determine the related factors of AF. Then the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the cutoff value of LA-EAT FDG SUVmax on the diagnosis of AF. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the relationship between the increase of LA-EAT FDG SUVmax and AF. Results: The age was (66.9±10.2) years and there were 55 males (70.5%) in the AF group. The age was (66.9±8.0) years, and there were 52 males (66.7%) in the control group (both P>0.05). The LAD ((44.2±5.8) mm vs. (35.4±4.4) mm), V-EAT ((122.1±42.0) cm3 vs. (91.6±34.5) cm3), and LA-EAT FDG SUVmax ((1.6±0.3) vs. (1.4±0.2)) values were significantly higher, while LVEF ((60.1±4.7)% vs. (63.9±2.9)%) was lower in the AF group than in the control group (P all<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that LAD (OR=1.340, 95%CI 1.195-1.502), V-EAT (OR=1.016, 95%CI 1.001-1.031), and LA-EAT FDG SUVmax (OR=1.375, 95%CI 1.095-1.723) were positively correlated with AF, LVEF (OR=0.781, 95%CI 0.659-0.926) was negatively correlated with AF(P all<0.05). The area under the ROC curve of LA-EAT FDG SUVmax for diagnosis of AF was 0.680 (95%CI 0.597-0.764, P<0.001), and the best cut-off value was 1.415 with a sensitivity of 65.4% and specificity of 61.5%. After adjusting for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LVEF, LAD and V-EAT, LA-EAT FDG SUVmax≥1.415 was independently associated with AF (OR=2.982, 95%CI 1.122-7.926, P=0.010). Conclusions: The inflammatory activity of LA-EAT measured by 18F-FDG PET/CT is an independent risk factor of AF, and the increased inflammatory activity of LA-EAT is positively correlated with AF.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adipose Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 178-183, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818398

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveSurgical site infection (SSI)is a type of common hospital-acquired wounds. The purpose of this study is to understand its clinical characteristics and prognosis in order to provide evidence for taking appropriate measures.Methods132 wound patients who met the diagnostic criteria of surgical site infection in the wound care center in recent 3 years were enrolled. The patients were treated locally with nanosilver dressing combined with red light and infrared ray. Individualized nutritional recipes and activity prescriptions were given, and the skin was showered every other day to heal or last 2 months.Observation indicators: demographics and wound characteristics; changes of area and depth after14 days intervention; the posi-tive rate of bacteria before and after the intervention, and healing rate and healing time of 2 months were analyzed and compared.ResultsA total of 132 cases of SSI(52.27% superficial and 47.73% deep ) was identified. The average age was 48.33±16.90 years. The average age and gender of the two groups were similar (P>0.05).Peri-wound skin is contaminated in all cases. The mean onset time of SSIs was 19.82±5.64 days, and the median onset time was 20 days. The onset time and duration of deep SSIs were longer than that of superficial SSIs (P0.05), and the depth of deep SSIs was deeper than that of superficial SSIs (P<0.05).The positive rate of bacterial culture inthe deep SSI group (79.31%) was higher than that of the superficial SSI group (59.46%) (P<0.05). After 14 days treatment, the area was smaller, the depth was lower (P<0.05), and the positive rate of bacteria was significantly decreased in the two groups (P<0.05). The healing rate ofsuperficial SSI group (84.06%) was higher than that of deep SSI group (66.67%) (P<0.05) in two months, and the healing time of superficial SSI group was significantly shortened (35.46<11.12 days vs 41.08<11.33 days, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that negative bacterial culture before intervention increased the healing index (OR=0.190). Long-term use of antibiotics did not promote healing (OR=0.343).ConclusionSuperficial and deep SSIs are common types of SSIs. Gender and age are similar, and skin contamination may play a role in the development of SSI,which needs attention. Local and systemic interventions can effectively improve wound healing. Negative bacterial culture and proper use of antibiotics can improve the healingprobability.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1844-1855, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827924

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this review is to provide medical researchers, especially those without a bioinformatics background, with an easy-to-understand summary of the concepts and technologies used in microbiome research. First, we define primary concepts such as microbiota, microbiome, and metagenome. Then, we discuss study design schemes, the methods of sample size calculation, and the methods for improving the reliability of research. We emphasize the importance of negative and positive controls in this section. Next, we discuss statistical analysis methods used in microbiome research, focusing on problems with multiple comparisons and ways to compare β-diversity between groups. Finally, we provide step-by-step pipelines for bioinformatics analysis. In summary, the meticulous study design is a key step to obtaining meaningful results, and appropriate statistical methods are important for accurate interpretation of microbiome data. The step-by-step pipelines provide researchers with insights into newly developed bioinformatics analysis methods.

7.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 104-109, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804682

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure and cytochrome P450 CYP1A1 expression at gene and enzyme activity levels in the peripheral blood monocyte cells in coke oven workers, and to provide a certain basis for the biological monitoring of health damage in coke oven workers.@*Methods@#We surveyed 118 coke oven workers and 63 controls (energy power workers in the same company) using self-designed questionnaire, determined their post-shift urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OH-Py) concentration using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-fluorescence detector method. We also isolated the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) from fasting venous blood, and detected DNA damage using comet assay, CYP1A1 mRNA level using the real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR), and EROD activity using spectrophotometry. Statistical analyses including one-way analysis of variance and multiple linear regressions were used to analyze the association of urinary 1-OH-Py and CYP1A1 mRNA level and EROD activity.@*Results@#Compared to the control group, the urinary 1-OH-Py concentration and PBMC DNA tail moment were significantly increased in coke oven workers (P<0.05), and CYP1A1 gene level and EROD activity in PBMC were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Multiple linear regression showed that a ten-fold increase of urinary 1-OH-Pycon centration was associated with a decrease of 0.77 (95%CI: -1.33--0.21) in CYP1A1 gene level, and a decline of 0.15 (95%CI: -0.76--0.16) in EROD activity of PBMC in coke oven workers (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Occupational PAHs exposure induced DNA damage, which was associated with the decreased level in CYP1A1 gene cavel and EROD activity in PBMC of coke oven workers.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 251-257, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278686

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of MicroRNA-3963(miR-3963) on the adipogenic differentiation of mouse bone-derived mesenchymal stem cells(MSC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MSCs were isolated from C57BL/6 mice bone fragment and transfected with miR-3963 mimic, miR-3963 inhibitor and negative control. The expression of miR-3963 and transfection efficiency were detected by q-PCR. These transfected cells were induced to adipocytes and stained with oil red O after 14 days culture. q-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of adipogenic differentiation marker genes C/EBPα and PPARγ at transcriptional level and protein level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of q-PCR revealed that miR-3963 expression level was up-regulated after transfection with miR-3963 mimic (P<0.0001), and down-regulated after transfection with miR-3963 inhibitor (P<0.0001). After oil red staining, overexpression of miR-3963 in MSCs could promote the formation of lipid droplet. The q-PCR and Western blot analyses showed the significant increase of expression of adipogenic marker genes C/EBPα and PPARγ in MSC transfected with miR-3963 mimic. Additionally, compared with the control group, miR-3963 inhibitor could decrease adipogenic differentiation of MSC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>miR-3963 can regulate and promote adipogenic differentiation of mouse bone-derived MSC.</p>

9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1268-1273, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the application value of intraoperative ultrasound (IU) in laparoscopic lymphadenectomy of gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Patients with gastric cancer undergoing laparoscopic radical D2 gastrectomy at General Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between August 2016 and May 2018 were prospectively enrolled and were randomly divided into IU group (n=78) and conventional group (n=91). The conventional group underwent laparoscopy only. In IU group, the laparoscopy examination was followed with intraoperative ultrasound by ultrasound specialist. The lesser curvature, peripheral gastric organs and gastric lymph nodes were scanned. Lymph nodes were considered positive if maximum diameter was greater than 10 mm or internal hyperechoic features and normal oval shape were lost. The postoperative pathological results were used as the gold standard to analyze the sensitivity of positive lymph nodes by IU detection [true positive lymph nodes/(true positive lymph node+false negative lymph nodes)×100%], specificity [true negative lymph nodes/(true negative lymph nodes+false positive lymph nodes)×100%] and the accuracy rate[(true positive lymph nodes+ true negative lymph nodes/total lymph nodes)×100%]. A consistency check between N staging diagnosed by IU and by postoperative pathology was performed with Kappa test(Kappa>0.75 indicating good consistency). Number of dissected lymph node, number of positive lymph node detected by pathology and the operation time were compared between the IU group and the conventional group.@*RESULTS@#Among 169 gastric cancer patients, 95 were males and 74 were females with age of (63±8) years. Among 1 794 lymph nodes detected by IU from 78 patients in IU group, predicted positive lymph nodes were 832 and 740 positive nodes were confirmed by postoperative pathology. True positive lymph nodes were 679 and true negative lymph nodes were 901 by IU, and a total of 1 580 lymph nodes were accurately diagnosed by IU. The sensitivity and specificity of IU for N staging of gastric cancer were 91.8%(679/740) and 85.5%(901/1 054), respectively. Overall accuracy was 88.1%(1 580/1 794), which was in good accordance with postoperative N staging(Kappa=0.758). There was no significant difference in number of lymph node detected between the IU group and conventional group during laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery(23.0±6.9 vs. 22.0±7.7, t=0.880, P=0.380). However, the numbers of lymph nodes in the third station (No.10, No.11, No.12) in the IU group were significantly higher than those in the conventional group [No.10: median 1 (0-1) vs. 0 (0-1), Z=-6.307, P0.05), but the number of positive lymph nodes dissected in stage III patients of IU group was significantly higher than that in stage III patients of conventional group (14.6±4.8 vs. 14.0±3.6, t=2.531, P=0.011). The operative time of IU group was(272.0±12.0) minutes, which was significantly longer than (249.0±7.0) minutes of conventional group (t=14.638, P<0.001). However, with the increase of patients undergoing IU, the operation time of IU showed a downward trend. The average operation time of the last 20 patients was 264 minutes, and the average IU time was 15 minutes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intraoperative ultrasound is more accurate N-staging of gastric cancer. Although increasing operation time, it is helpful for lymph node dissection in laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery, especially by providing good support for laparoscopic No.10, No.11 and No.12 lymph nodes dissection.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Intraoperative Period , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Ultrasonography
10.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 239-243, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687773

ABSTRACT

Congenital esophageal atresia is one of the serious birth defects. Identifying the etiology and mechanism of esophageal development can provide clues for the effective prevention and treatment of congenital esophageal atresia. Recent studies have shown that a variety of transcription factors and signaling pathways (including Wnt signaling pathway, bone morphogenetic protein signaling pathway, SHH signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway) are involved in esophageal proliferation, differentiation and other processes, promoting the normal development of esophagus. Understanding the regulatory mechanisms during the normal development of esophagus can give reference for the prevention and treatment of congenital esophageal atresia. This article reviews the research progress on related transcription factors and signaling pathways in esophageal development.

11.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 12-16, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702942

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of hemostatic-clip-assisted method during ERCP with ampulla around duodenal diverticulum. Methods 25 patients with ampulla around duodenal diverticulum encountered cannulation difficulty, 11 cases underwent with clip-assisted method, 14 cases with ordinary ways. Number of successful cases, cannulation time, post-operation complication were analyzed. Results All the 11 cases succeeded in clip group. 12 patients succeeded in none-clip group. Cannulation time between the two groups were discrepant. There was no difference in number of successful cases and post-operation complication rate. Conclusion Successful application of hemostatic clip help to expose and facilitate cannulation of an ampulla around a duodenal diverticulum.

12.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 84-87, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702869

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the perforation repair method of purse-string suture with single channel after gastroscopy endoscopic submucosal resection (ESD) in treating gastric submucosalal stromal tumor originating from muscularis propria lay of gastric fundus. Methods 15 patients with GIST from gastric fundus muscularis propria were treated with ESD. The diameters of tumors were from 1.5 ~ 3.5 cm. Purse-string suture with single channel gastroscopy was performed for the gastric wall perforation during ESD. Results All patients underwent repair successfully. The procedure time was 10 ~ 15 min. No severe complications occurred. Conclusion Purse-string suture with single channel gastroscopy is a feasible and effective perforation repair method during ESD of gastric fundus.

13.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1703-1706, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696717

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of MRI in the diagnosing and assessing the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods 78 cases suspected with AP in our hospital underwent MRI.According to the golden standard of combination with the observation of the patients during hospitalization and the surgical pathological results,the sensitivity,accuracy and specificity of MRI in diagnosing AP were calculated.MRI Balthazar scoring system was used to evaluate the severity grade of AP.The results were compared with Ranson evaluation criterion usually used in clinic to evaluate the severity of AP.Results A total of 64 patients were final diagnosed by means of clinic and pathology.The sensitivity,accuracy and specificity of the MRI were 95.31%(61/64),93.59 % (73/78) and 85.71%(12/14),respectively.With the clinical and pathological diagnosis,the patient with mild AP were 45 cases,and the severe AP were 19 cases.The accuracy of MRI Balthazar severity grading was 95.31% (61/64),which was significantly higher than that of Ranson evaluation accuracy 82.81 %(53/64),with P =0.023.Conclusion MRI is an effective method for clinical diagnosis of AP,and it is superior to Ranson evaluation criterion for assessment of the severity,of which has a significant role in guiding clinical diagnosis and treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 161-165, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236358

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of total flavonoids of Elsholtzia splendens (TFES) on isolated ischemia/reperfusion rat hearts and its underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Hearts isolated from male SD rats were perfused on the Langendorff apparatus and subjected to global ischemia for 30 min followed by 120 min of reperfusion. The cardiac infarct size was measured by TTC staining. Hemodynamic parameters and the level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the coronary effluent were measured. Absorbance at 520 nm was determined in isolated cardiac mitochondria exposed to 200 micromol/L CaCl2 to detect the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pretreatment with TFES (1, 10, 100 microg/ml) for 5 min decreased infarct size and LDH release and improved the recovery of the left ventricular developed pressure. In mitochondria, the decrease of absorbance at 520 nm evoked by CaCl2 was greatly inhibited by TFES.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TFES prevents myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, and this cardioprotective effect is probably via inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cardiotonic Agents , Pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Flavones , Pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Lamiaceae , Chemistry , Mitochondria, Heart , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins , Myocardial Reperfusion , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 13-17, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301515

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of S-allyl-L-cysteine (SAC) on isolated rat heart subject to ischemia/reperfusion(I/R) injury and the mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The isolated perfused rat hearts on a Langendorff apparatus were subjected to global ischemia for 30 min and followed by 120 min of reperfusion. Hemodynamic index, the production of formazan and the level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the coronary effluent were determined. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in myocardial homogenates were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with I/R group, the hemodynamics were greatly improved, the production of formazan was increased, and LDH level in effluent was reduced in SAC group. SAC improved the SOD activity and significantly decreased the level of ROS. In addition, threonine (Thr) attenuated the protective effect of SAC significantly.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SAC has protective effect against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury on rats. The possible mechanism is that SAC be transported into the cell through alanine-serine-cysteine-transporter 1 (ASCT-1) improves SOD activity and reduces the level of ROS.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cysteine , Pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 185-189, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326967

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution characteristics of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter region of the toll-like receptor 9 gene (TLR9) in Chinese Han children from Zhejiang province, and their associations with asthma susceptibility and phenotypes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was conducted. A total of 312 asthmatic children aged between 1.9 and 11.6 and 339 age matched healthy controls were enrolled in this study from April 2007 to November 2008. The -1486 C/T in rs187084 and -1237 C/T in rs5743836 loci of the TLR9 gene were genotyped by direct DNA sequencing of the PCR products. Serum levels of IFN gamma, IL-12 and IL-4 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.Serum levels of total IgE were detected by chemiluminescence, and serum levels of antigen specific IgE antibodies were detected by fluoroenzymeimmunoassay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The -1486 C/T polymorphism was identified in both groups. The genotype frequencies of TT, TC and CC at -1486 C/T were 41.0%, 44.3%, 14.7% in the healthy controls, and 38.8%, 48.4%, 12.8% in the asthmatic children. The -1237 C/T polymorphism was not detected in the population. (2) There were no statistically significant differences in the allele and genotype frequencies at the -1486 C/T locus between the two groups (P;>0.05). (3) Serum levels of IFN gamma and IL-4 differed significantly among the three genotypes at the -1486 C/T locus in asthmatic children (P<0.01). The CC genotype had the lowest levels of serum IFN gamma and the highest levels of serum IL-4 among the three genotypes. There were no significant differences in these cytokines among the healthy controls (P>0.05). No statistical differences of serum IL-12 were found among the three genotypes in the two groups (P>0.05). (4) There were no significant differences of total IgE (log-transformed) among the three genotypes in the asthmatic children (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The -1237 C/T polymorphism of TLR9 gene was not detected in Chinese Han children in this study. The -1486 C/T polymorphism was associated with the levels of serum IFN gamma and IL-4 in children with asthma. However, there were no correlations between the -1486C/T polymorphism and serum IL-12 levels, total IgE levels or asthmatic susceptibility.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Asthma , Blood , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Toll-Like Receptor 9 , Genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 187-191, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351203

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression of autophagy after ischemia/reperfusion and its possible function in rats hippocampus neurons.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After 2 hours oxygen-glucose deprivation and different periods time of reperfusion (OGD/R) treatment in primary hippocampal neurons, neuron viability was evaluated by MTT assay, specific structure of autophagosome and specific protein of autophagy microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 B (LC3B) were detected by transmission electron microscope and immunofluorescence respectively. The inhibitor of autophagy 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) was also used to exam the viability of neurons.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treatment by OGD/R markedly reduced neuronal viability. Compared to the control group, autophagy existed in different time periods after OGD/R shown both in transmission electron microscope and immunofluorescence. Application of 3-MA significantly reduced neuronal viability.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Oxygen-glucose deprivation can activate autophagy in rat hippocampus neurons, which may resist the injury during ischemia/reperfusion.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Autophagy , Physiology , Brain Ischemia , Pathology , Cell Hypoxia , Culture Media, Serum-Free , Hippocampus , Cell Biology , Pathology , Neurons , Pathology , Primary Cell Culture , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Pathology
18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 409-414, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351142

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of luteolin (Chinese Traditional Medicine) on cardiac functions and mitochondrial oxidative stress in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal control group, a luteolin control group, a diabetic group, and diabetic groups orally administered with a low dose (10 mg/(kg x d)) or a high dose of luteolin (100 mg/ (kg x d)) for eight weeks. The body weight, blood glucose, cardiac functions, left ventricular weight, myocardial collagen and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were assayed. The cardiac mitochondrial ROS level, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and the mitochondrial swelling were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treatment with luteolin had no effect on the blood glucose but reduced the losing of body weight in diabetic rats. High dose of luteolin markedly reduced the ratio of ventricular weight and body weight, increased the left ventricular develop pressure, and decreased the left ventricular end diastolic pressure in diabetic rats. The myocardial levels of ROS and collagen, the cardiac mitochondrial ROS level, and the mitochondrial swelling in diabetic rats were all markedly reduced by high dose of luteolin. Furthermore, high dose of luteolin significantly increased the mitochondrial SOD activity in diabetic rat hearts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Treatment with luteolin for 8 weeks markedly improves the cardiac function, which may be related to reducing mitochondrial oxidative stress and mitochondrial swelling in diabetic rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Metabolism , Luteolin , Pharmacology , Mitochondria, Heart , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Physiology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Ventricular Dysfunction
19.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 589-593, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319853

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the myocardial electrophysiological effect and its underlying mechanisms of atorvastatin (Ator) on isolated rat hearts injured by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Isolated SD rat hearts were mounted on Langendorff system, and a local I/R was induced by ligation (30 min) and release (15 min) of the left anterior descending artery. During the reperfusion period, the effect of Ator on diastolic excitation threshold (DET), effective refractory period (ERP) and ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) on rat heart were measured.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the control group, medium concentration of Ator prolonged the ERP in normal rat hearts; low, medium and high concentration of Ator significantly inhibited the decrease of DET, ERP and VFT induced by I/R. However, pretreatment with L-NAME cancelled these cardiac electrophysiological effects of Ator.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ator reduced electrophysiological alteration induced by I/R in isolated rat hearts, which may be mediated by activating nitric oxide pathway to enhance the myocardial electrophysiological stability.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Atorvastatin , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Heart , Heptanoic Acids , Pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Myocardium , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Pyrroles , Pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
20.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E148-E151, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803661

ABSTRACT

The parameters with respect to acetabular orientation, including anteversion and inclination, are important for preoperative planning, intraoperative guide and postoperative evaluation for total hip arthroplasty (THA). Malposition of the acetabular component in THA is a major risk factor to reduce the service life of the prosthesis. At present, several definitions are available for the acetabular anteversion and inclination, whereas there are different expressions for one definition. It will make the clinicians confused if these definitions are not elucidated clearly.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL