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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 794-802, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008121

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a CT-based weighted radiomic model that predicts tumor response to programmed death-1(PD-1)/PD-ligand 1(PD-L1)immunotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.Methods The patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated by PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitors in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June 2015 to February 2022 were retrospectively studied and classified as responders(partial or complete response)and non-responders(stable or progressive disease).Original radiomic features were extracted from multiple intrapulmonary lesions in the contrast-enhanced CT scans of the arterial phase,and then weighted and summed by an attention-based multiple instances learning algorithm.Logistic regression was employed to build a weighted radiomic scoring model and the radiomic score was then calculated.The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve(AUC)was used to compare the weighted radiomic scoring model,PD-L1 model,clinical model,weighted radiomic scoring + PD-L1 model,and comprehensive prediction model.Results A total of 237 patients were included in the study and randomized into a training set(n=165)and a test set(n=72),with the mean ages of(64±9)and(62±8)years,respectively.The AUC of the weighted radiomic scoring model reached 0.85 and 0.80 in the training set and test set,respectively,which was higher than that of the PD-L1-1 model(Z=37.30,P<0.001 and Z=5.69,P=0.017),PD-L1-50 model(Z=38.36,P<0.001 and Z=17.99,P<0.001),and clinical model(Z=11.40,P<0.001 and Z=5.76,P=0.016).The AUC of the weighted scoring model was not different from that of the weighted radiomic scoring + PD-L1 model and the comprehensive prediction model(both P>0.05).Conclusion The weighted radiomic scores based on pre-treatment enhanced CT images can predict tumor responses to immunotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , B7-H1 Antigen/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Immunotherapy
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 299-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964447

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the infectious disease prevention and control among primary and secondary schools in Hebei Province from 2019 to 2021 and to provide a scientific basis for promoting epidemic prevention and control in schools.@*Methods@#Relevant indicators of infectious disease prevention and control in primary and secondary schools were collected and screened from the on site supervision and inspection data uploaded from various places, and analyzed with SPSS 22.0 software.@*Results@#The qualified rates of infectious disease prevention and control in primary and secondary schools in Hebei Province from 2019 to 2021 were 77.11%, 89.74% and 96.24%, respectively, the difference was statistically significant( χ 2=455.45, P <0.01). The qualified rates of infectious disease prevention and control in primary schools, middle schools and high schools from 2019 to 2021 increased by year, the difference was statistically significant( χ 2=319.49, 118.74, 25.73, P <0.05). The qualified rates of six infectious disease prevention and control indicators such as morning inspection record, special person responsible for epidemic report, registration record of absence due to illness increased by year, the difference was statistically significant( χ 2=140.34, 9.10, 113.55 , 163.71 , 286.74, 329.18, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Steady improvement in school infectious disease prevention and control has been observed, while qualification rate in primary school and rural area still need to be improved, with missing or late report. Government support and talent policy, hardware and sofeware construction, as management level should be strengthened.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3408-3420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999085

ABSTRACT

In this study, the mechanism of Xiaoyan Lidan formula (XYLDF) against 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-collidine (DDC)-induced chronic intrahepatic cholestasis (CIHC) in mice was investigated based on metabolomics, molecular docking and pharmacological methods. In the pharmacodynamics study, a dosage of 5 g·kg-1 (clinical equivalent) XYLDF was administered in DDC-induced mice, then the effect of XYLDF against CIHC was evaluated by measuring the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (AKP) as well as total bilirubin (TBIL) in serum and observing liver histopathological changes. All experiments were approved by the Ethical Committee Experimental Animal Center of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (ZYD-2021-001). The serum metabolites of mice in each group were detected and identified based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry, and the relevant biological pathways and molecular key targets were further enriched. Molecular docking technology was used to further evaluate the binding activity of the main active ingredients of XYLDF with potential targets. Subsequently, the in vitro experiment was conducted for the validation of the vital target. The results showed that compared with the model group, XYLDF significantly decreased the levels of ALT, AST, AKP and TBIL in the serum of CIHC mice, as well as alleviated inflammatory infiltration and hepatocyte necrosis in liver tissue. According to the metabonomic study, a total of 35 differential metabolites was identified as biomarkers associated with cholestasis, 12 of which were significantly recovered by XYLDF treatment. These biomarkers were involved in the pathways of primary bile acid biosynthesis and linoleic metabolism, which are closely related to the mechanism of XYLDF against CIHC. Protein-protein interaction network indicated that cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) are significant potential targets with good binding properties with six major active ingredients of XYLDF. Furthermore, it was found that 4-methoxy-5-hydroxycanthin-6-one, dehydroandrographolide and isodocarpin, three of the main active components in XYLDF, markedly induced the expression of CYP3A4 mRNA in vitro. This study revealed that XYLDF mainly mediates the biosynthesis of bile acids in CIHC mice to improve liver tissue lesions and bile efflux disorders, among which, CYP3A4 is the key target in the protection of XYLDF against CIHC. This research provides a reference for further elucidation of the pharmacological mechanism of XYLDF.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 107-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992578

ABSTRACT

Infectious bone defect is bone defect with infection or as a result of treatment of bone infection. It requires surgical intervention, and the treatment processes are complex and long, which include bone infection control,bone defect repair and even complex soft tissue reconstructions in some cases. Failure to achieve the goals in any step may lead to the failure of the overall treatment. Therefore, infectious bone defect has been a worldwide challenge in the field of orthopedics. Conventionally, sequestrectomy, bone grafting, bone transport, and systemic/local antibiotic treatment are standard therapies. Radical debridement remains one of the cornerstones for the management of bone infection. However, the scale of debridement and the timing and method of bone defect reconstruction remain controversial. With the clinical application of induced membrane technique, effective infection control and rapid bone reconstruction have been achieved in the management of infectious bone defect. The induced membrane technique has attracted more interests and attention, but the lack of understanding the basic principles of infection control and technical details may hamper the clinical outcomes of induced membrane technique and complications can possibly occur. Therefore, the Chinese Orthopedic Association organized domestic orthopedic experts to formulate An evidence-based clinical guideline for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique ( version 2023) according to the evidence-based method and put forward recommendations on infectious bone defect from the aspects of precise diagnosis, preoperative evaluation, operation procedure, postoperative management and rehabilitation, so as to provide useful references for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 279-283, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930009

ABSTRACT

Microribonucleic acid (miRNAs) is a widely existing endogenous single-stranded non-coding small RNA, which is stably expressed in tissues and body fluids. By complementing messenger RNA(mRNA) sequences, miRNAs degrade target mRNA and block the expression of protein-coding genes, playing a key role in post-transcriptional regulation and different biological processes. In recent years, more and more studies have shown that miRNAs are closely related to the occurrence and development of tumors. Among them, as a member of the miRNAs family, microribonucleic acid-196 (miR-196) is abnormally expressed in the serum, tissues and cells of patients with non-small cell lung cancer, participating in the occurrence and development of non-small cell lung cancer and playing an important regulatory role in various biological processes such as proliferation, invasion and metastasis, providing diagnostic evidence for early screening of non-small cell lung cancer.This paper reviews the progress of miR-196 in the development and diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 303-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927713

ABSTRACT

Oolong tea is a semi-fermented tea with strong flavor, which is widely favored by consumers because of its floral and fruity aroma as well as fresh and mellow taste. During the processing of oolong tea, withering is the first indispensable process for improving flavor formation. However, the molecular mechanism that affects the flavor formation of oolong tea during withering remains unclear. Transcriptome sequencing was used to analyze the difference among the fresh leaves, indoor-withered leaves and solar-withered leaves of oolong tea. A total of 10 793 differentially expressed genes were identified from the three samples. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes were mainly involved in flavonoid synthesis, terpenoid synthesis, plant hormone signal transduction and spliceosome pathways. Subsequently, twelve differentially expressed genes and four differential splicing genes were identified from the four enrichment pathways for fluorescence quantitative PCR analysis. The results showed that the expression patterns of the selected genes during withering were consistent with the results in the transcriptome datasets. Further analysis revealed that the transcriptional inhibition of flavonoid biosynthesis-related genes, the transcriptional enhancement of terpenoid biosynthesis-related genes, as well as the jasmonic acid signal transduction and the alternative splicing mechanism jointly contributed to the flavor formation of high floral and fruity aroma and low bitterness in solar-withered leaves. The results may facilitate better understanding the molecular mechanisms of solar-withering treatment in flavor formation of oolong tea.


Subject(s)
Camellia sinensis/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Plant Leaves , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Taste , Tea , Transcriptome/genetics
7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1542-1547, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014508

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of three kinds of active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine (sinomenine, rhynchophylline and isorhynchophylline) on dre-miR-723-5p expression in morphine-induced zebrafish brain. Methods Morphine was injected intraperitoneally to zebrafish, conditional position preference (CPP) was trained and then the behavioral of animals were observed; the miRNA expression profiles of morphine-additive zebrafish were determined by small RNA sequencing; qRT-PCR was used to verify the expression of dre-miR-723-5p, three target gene databases (miRanda, miRDB, andRNAhybrid) were used to predict the target genes of dre-miR-723-5p; Kobas 3.0 was used to perform Gene Ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway analysis of these target genes. Results Morphine-induced CPP model was established successfully. Compared with control group, the resident time and movement map in drug-pair box of zebrafish in model group significantly increased. After drug administration, the resident time and movement map in drug-pair box of zebrafish decreased. The verification results of qRT-PCR were consistent with the results of small RNA sequencing. Ninety-nine putative target genes of dremiR-723-5p that were common to all three target gene databases, which were mainly enriched in biological process, cell composition and molecular function, involved in the positive regulation of MAPK signaling pathway, lysosome, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, and apoptosis. Conclusion Morphine can increase the expression of dre-miR-723-5p in the zebrafish brain, which can be reversed by sinomenine, isorhynchophylline, and rhynchophylline treatment, and dre-miR-723-5p may participate in the mechanism underlying morphine-induced damage of brain.

8.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 85-96, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888245

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo describe the epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics and prognoses of COVID-19 confirmed patients in a single center in Beijing, China. Methods The study retrospectively included 19 patients with nucleic acid-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection at our hospital from January 20 to March 5, 2020. The final follow-up date was March 14, 2020. The epidemiologic and clinical information was obtained through direct communication with the patients or their family members. Laboratory results retrieved from medical records and radiological images were analyzed both qualitatively by two senior chest radiologists as well as quantitatively via an artificial intelligence software. Results We identified 5 family clusters (13/19, 68.4%) from the study cohort. All cases had good clinical prognoses and were either mild (3/19) or moderate (16/19) clinical types. Fever (15/19, 78.9%) and dry cough (11/19, 57.9%) were common symptoms. Two patients received negative results for more than three consecutive viral nucleic acid tests. The longest interval between an initial CT abnormal finding and a confirmed diagnosis was 30 days. One patient's nucleic acid test turned positive on the follow-up examination after discharge. The presence of radiological abnormalities was non-specific for the diagnosis of COVID-19. Conclusions COVID-19 patients with mild or no clinical symptoms are common in Beijing, China. Radiological abnormalities are mostly non-specific and massive CT examinations for COVID-19 screening should be avoided. Analyses of the contact histories of diagnosed cases in combination with clinical, radiological and laboratory findings are crucial for the early detection of COVID-19. Close monitoring after discharge is also recommended.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , China , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 978-981, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909651

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the indwelling time of nasointestinal tube and the safety of delayed use, and to analyze the main influencing factors.Methods:216 patients with indwelling nasointestinal tube were analyzed retrospectively by designing a survey from 2018 to 2020. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis method was used to analyze the threshold of pipe blocking time.Results:Among the 216 patients, the shortest indwelling time was 7 days and the longest was 120 days. The incidence rate of tube blockage, aspiration and accidental extubation was 6.02%(13/216), 2.78%(6/216) and 1.39%(3/216), respectively. Statistical analysis of 13 patients with tube occlusion showed that the incidence of tube occlusion was related to the indwelling time and the speed of pumping (χ 2=46.056, 36.564, P<0.05). In addition, the duration of nasointestinal tube use not only affected the incidence of tube occlusion, but also was related to the incidence of aspiration. With the prolongation of catheter insertion time, the rate of tube occlusion and the incidence of aspiration also increased significantly (χ 2=13.190, P<0.05). ROC curve was used to analyze the correlation between the indwelling time of the feeding tube and the occlusion. The area under the ROC curve was 0.933 (95% CI: 0.886-0.981, P<0.001), the Youden index was 0.829, and the cut-off value of the best indwelling time was 52.5 d. The sensitivity and specificity of the method for determining the occurrence of pipe blockage were 92.3% and 90.6%. Conclusions:It is safe and feasible to extend the indwelling time of nasointestinal tube appropriately, which can reduce the discomfort caused by frequent replacement of nasointestinal tube in patients with long-term enteral nutrition, and reduce the medical cost at the same time. However, when the indwelling time exceeds the threshold, the probability of tube blockage increases significantly, so we should maintain the catheter or replace it in time.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 142-151, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of the prescription consisting Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and Epimedii Folium in the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF) based on network pharmacology,followed by verification in H9c2 myocardial cells with hypoxia-reoxygenation injury <italic>in vitro</italic> and in zebrafish with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor Ⅱ (VRI) -induced vascular insufficiency. Method:The active ingredients in Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and Epimedii Folium were searched from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP),the corresponding target genes from the Universal Protein Resource (UniProt), and the CHF-related targets from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and GeneCards. Both the active ingredient-potential target network and the active ingredient-CHF-related target network were generated using Cytoscape 3.6.1, followed by the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction and Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome (KEGG) enrichment analysis based on MetaScape. H9c2 myocardial cells exposed to hypoxia-reoxygenation were selected for determining the proliferation-promoting effect by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The protein expression of B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax),cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3(Caspase-3), protein kinase B(PKB/Akt),phosphorylated protein kinase B(p-Akt),phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (p-ERK1/2),extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and poly adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase(PARP)was detected by Western blotting. The efficacy of the prescription in promoting angiogenesis was verified in a zebrafish model of VRI-induced vascular injury. Result:There were 28 active ingredients for the prescription, 209 corresponding targets, 1 296 CHF-related targets, and 94 common gene targets shared by the prescription and CHF. PPI network clustering suggested that Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and Epimedii Folium alleviated CHF by interfering with cell differentiation and metabolism and angiogenesis. GO analysis revealed that CHF relief was achieved via the intervention in such biological processes as cell migration,vascular development, and angiogenesis. Pharmacodynamic experiments verified that Epimedii Folium (10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) alone and the prescription (10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>)both enhanced the proliferation of H9c2 myocardial cells under the hypoxia-reoxygenation condition (<italic>P</italic><0.05),while the latter also increased the expression of Bcl-2,Bcl-2/Bax, and PARP (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and reduced the expression of Caspase-3, Akt, and ERK (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The prescription at the concentrations of 0.3 and 0.1 g·L<sup>-1</sup> promoted angiogenesis (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and Epimedii Folium exert the therapeutic effect against CHF via multiple ingredients,multiple targets, and multiple channels. Such combination promotes the proliferation of H9c2 myocardial cells under hypoxic condition and protects zebrafish from vascular injury by up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and PARP,increasing Bcl-2/Bax ratio,and down-regulating the expression of Caspase-3,Akt, and ERK.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 181-193, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the compatibility rules of prescriptions containing Forsythiae Fructus based on data mining and explore the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Forsythiae Fructus based on network pharmacology,so as to provide reference for the rational clinical application of Forsythiae Fructus and the development of health foods and new Chinese medicines. Method:The prescriptions containing Forsythiae Fructus in the<italic> Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions</italic> were collected,based on which a clinical prescription database was constructed. The Chinese herbs combined with Forsythiae Fructus and the corresponding indications were subjected to frequency statistics,association rule analysis,and complex network analysis using SPSS Statistics 26,IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0,and Gephi 9.2. The active components and targets of Forsythiae Fructus for anti-inflammation were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP),BATMAN-TCM,and SEA,and the targets related to anti-inflammation from GeneCards,Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM),CTD,and GenCLiP3. Following the analysis of protein-protein interactions (PPI) with STRING,a PPI network was constructed. The enrichment analysis was performed using Metascape,and the active component-anti-inflammation target-signaling pathway network of Forsythiae Fructus was constructed by Cytoscape 3.8.2. Result:According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,2 245 prescriptions containing Forsythiae Fructus were harvested,involving 512 Chinese herbs,with a total usage frequency of 27 314. The Chinese herbs that were most frequently combined with Forsythiae Fructus (>800 times) were Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (1 483 times),Scutellariae Radix (964 times),and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (842 times). Hence,the herbal pairs "Forsythiae Fructus-Scutellariae Radix" and "Forsythiae Fructus-Angelicae Sinensis Radix" were further explored. The prescriptions containing Forsythiae Fructus could be utilized for the treatment of 29 kinds of diseases,and three representative disease categories including "carbuncle,gangrene,sores and ulcers","ophthalmic diseases and syndromes" and "epidemic diseases" are selected for data mining. There were 19 association rules obtained with "Forsythiae Fructus-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Lonicerae Japonicae Flos-Angelicae Sinensis Radix" as the core herb combination for "carbuncle,gangrene,sores and ulcers". The clustering analysis revealed one multi-herb clustering group,four herbal pairs,and single herb Lonicerae Japonicae Flos,the complex network analysis four herbal modules,and the factor analysis six common factors. There were 23 association rules obtained with "Forsythiae Fructus-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Scutellariae Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix" as the core herb combination for "ophthalmic diseases and syndromes". The clustering analysis revealed two multi-herb clustering groups and four herbal pairs,the complex network analysis four herbal modules,and the factor analysis five common factors. There were 28 association rules obtained with "Forsythiae Fructus-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Menthae Haplocalycis Herba-Lonicerae Japonicae Flos" as the core herb combination for "epidemic diseases". The clustering analysis revealed three multi-herb clustering groups,one herbal pair,and two single herbs Forsythiae Fructus and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma,the complex network analysis four herbal modules,and the factor analysis five common factors. As demonstrated by network pharmacology-based analysis,the core anti-inflammation components of Forsythiae Fructus were quercetin,luteolin,and kaempferol,and the core targets were phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 (PIK3R1),protein kinase B 1 (Akt1),and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR). The biological pathways were mainly concentrated in proteoglycans in cancer,pathways in cancer,and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway,with such functions as inhibition of transcription factors,regulation of enzyme activity,and inflammation-related gene expression involved. Conclusion:This study employed a variety of data mining techniques to objectively,intuitively,and scientifically uncover the compatibility rules of Forsythiae Fructus in the treatment of high-frequency diseases. It has been found that Forsythiae Fructus is often combined with heat-clearing herbs,tonifying herbs,exterior-releasing herbs,and blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs for diverse diseases and syndromes. Under the premise of clearing heat and removing toxin,reinforcing healthy Qi and dredging stagnation are also emphasized. According to the degree of internal heat exuberance,the heat-clearing herbs with different merits are combined. This study has revealed the unique advantages of Forsythiae Fructus in the treatment of specific diseases and syndromes as well as its multi-component,multi-target,and multi-pathway mechanisms in anti-inflammation,breaking through the limitations in modern clinical and experimental research of Forsythiae Fructus. These findings are of great significance for guiding the rational clinical application of Forsythiae Fructus and the development of health foods and new Chinese medicines,thus better accelerating the development of Chinese medicine health industry.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1959-1966, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887632

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS@#Cancer is one of the main causes of death worldwide, seriously threatening human health and life expectancy. We aimed to analyze the cancer incidence and mortality rates during 2016 in Zhejiang Province, Southeast China.@*METHODS@#Data were collected from 14 population-based cancer registries across Zhejiang Province of China. Cancer incidence and mortality rates stratified by sex and region were analyzed. The crude rate, age-standardized rate, age-specific and region-specific rate, and cumulative rate were calculated. The proportions of 10 common cancers in different groups and the incidence and mortality rates of the top five cancers in different age groups were also calculated. The Chinese national census of 2000 and the world Segi population was used for calculating the age-standardized incidence and mortality rates.@*RESULTS@#The 14 cancer registries covered a population of 14,250,844 individuals, accounting for 29.13% of the population of Zhejiang Province. The total reported cancer cases and deaths were 55,835 and 27,013, respectively. The proportion of morphological verification (MV%) was 78.95% of the population, and percentage of incident cases identified through death certificates only (DCO%) was 1.23% with a mortality-to-incidence ratio (M/I ratio) of 0.48. The crude incidence rate in Zhejiang cancer registration areas was 391.80/105; the age-standardized incidence rate of the Chinese standard population (ASIRC) and the age-standardized incidence rate of the world standard population (ASIRW) were 229.76/105 and 220.96/105, respectively. The incidence rate in men was higher than that in women. The incidence rate increased rapidly after 45 years of age and peaked in individuals aged 80 to 84 years. The top 10 incidence rates of cancers were lung cancer, female breast cancer, thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, prostate cancer, cervical cancer, esophageal cancer, and pancreatic cancer (from highest to lowest). The crude mortality rate in Zhejiang cancer registration areas was 189.55/105; the age-standardized mortality rate of the Chinese standard population (ASMRC) and the age-standardized mortality rate of the world standard population (ASMRW) were 94.46/105 and 93.42/105, respectively. The mortality rate in men was higher than that in women, and the male population in rural areas was higher than that in urban areas. The cancer mortality rate increased rapidly after 50 years of age and peaked in individuals aged 85+ years. The top 10 mortality rates of cancers were lung cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, esophageal cancer, female breast cancer, prostate cancer, lymphoma, and leukemia (from highest to lowest).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lung cancer, female breast cancer, thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, liver cancer, and stomach cancer were the most common cancers in Zhejiang Province. Effective prevention and control measures should be established after considering the different characteristics of cancers in urban and rural areas.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms , Incidence , Registries , Rural Population , Urban Population
13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1140-1144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864564

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of standardized training for new nurses in the first year based on Kirkpatrick model as a theoretical framework.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted. New nurses' satisfaction with training, theoretical and operational assessment, job performance, core competence, turnover rate and other indicators were used, to evaluate the effect of standardized training for 62 new nurses in the first year.Results:At the reaction level, the overall satisfaction score of new nurses was 4.66±0.47; at the learning level, the theoretical assessment score was 95.32±2.38, the operational assessment score was 97.53±1.07, and the performance score was 97.12±1.64; at the behavioral level 88.45±9.75; and at the result level, there were no complaints and errors among new nurses, and the turnover rate was 1.6% (1/62). The theoretical and operational assessment scores were positively correlated with work performance, with r value of 0.424 and 0.399, respectively, and P = 0.001. The theoretical assessment scores were negatively correlated with the behavioral level, with the r value of -0.264 and P= 0.038. There were no correlation with the operational assessment scores and the behavioral level, with the r value of 0.147 and P value of 0.253. Conclusions:Kirkpatrick model validates the standardized training program for new nurses effectively, and provides scientific basis for improving the training program for new nurses. The results level of the training needs to be evaluated in the long term.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 200-207, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the targets and possible mechanism of Didangtang in the treatment of bladder cancer. Method:Based on multiple traditional Chinese medicine and disease databases, the network pharmacology was used to screen potential targets, analyze the biological functions of potential targets, and construct a network of "Chinese medicine-target-path-disease". Bioinformatics analysis was applied in population and gene databases, in order to explore the differential expressions of core targets in tissues, distribution in the population and the correlation with prognosis. The in vitro experiment was used to verify the biological function of Didangtang. The underlying mechanism of Didangtang on the candidate target was detected. Result:A total of 21 core target genes and 16 highly enriched pathways were screened out. A functional network of Didangtang was constructed systematically. At the same time, six targets, namely cadherin 1 (CDH1), CAMP responsive element binding protein 1 (CREB1), colony stimulating factor 2 (CSF2), AP-1 transcription factor (JUN), matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS2), were differentially expressed in bladder cancer tissues (P<0.05). Furthermore, JUN and MMP2 were also differentially distributed in population (P<0.05). At the same time, the expression level of JUN was correlated with the prognosis of patients with bladder cancer (P<0.05). The in vitro experiment revealed that Didangtang inhibited the proliferation of bladder cancer cells and decreased the expression of candidate target JUN (P<0.01). Conclusion:Didangtang has the characteristics of multiple targets and multiple pathways in treatment of bladder cancer. It is initially confirmed that Didangtang can affect the expression of target JUN and inhibit the proliferation of bladder cancer, which lays a good foundation for further studies on mechanism.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 656-659, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effect of anterior mediastinal tumor resection with video assisted thoracoscopic surgery(VATS) through approach of trans-subsagittal incision and trans-intercostal incision.Methods:The clinical data of 118 patients including 67 males and 51 females with anterior mediastinal tumors using VATS resection from January 2013 to October 2020 in Tongren Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were analyzed retrospectively. According to different incisional approach, these patients were divided into two groups of trans-subsagittal incision group including 45 cases with 25 males and 20 females, and trans-intercostal incision group including 73 cases with 42 males and 31 females. The sternal incision group was treated with the sub xiphoid incision plus the subcostal arch incision and the sternal retractor traction sternum, and the intercostal incision group was treated with the traditional intercostal space incision. Subsagittal incision combined subcostal arch incision and sternum traction with sternal retractor was used in the approach of trans-subsagittal incision group, and the traditional thoracotomy was used in the intercostal incision group. The clinical data of operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, rate of transfer to open thoracotomy, duration of postoperative chest tube drainage, visual analogy score(VAS)assessed on the 1st and 3rd days after surgery, hospitalization time, average cost of hospitalization, and incidence of postoperative complications, were compared between the two groups.Results:The operative time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, the number of cases of transfer to open thoracotomy, duration of postoperative chest tube drainage, VAS score of the first and third days after operation, length of hospitalization, average hospitalization cost and the incidence of postoperative complications were lower than those in the transcostal incision group( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared to the group of trans-intercostal incision VATS resection of anterior mediastinal tumor, the trans-subsagittal incision group has many advantages as follows, shorter operation time, less intraoperative blood loss, no transfer to open thoracotomy, much simpler and safer operative procedure, less body trauma, lighter postoperative pain, less postoperation complications, shorter hospitalization time, less average hospitalization cost, and rapid rehabilitation after surgery.

16.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 527-530, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869269

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare cerebral vascular hemodynamic indexes (CVHI) and revised Framingham stroke risk profile (FSP) in predicting the risk of stroke among physical examiners.Methods:A total of 1 049 individuals were enrolled from the Health Management Center, Jiangsu Province Hospital during January 2019 and January 2020. Correlation analysis was carried out to confirm the correlations of risk factors of stroke with CVHI accumulative score and FSP. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the influence of CVHI classification, hypertension, diabetes and smoking on the 10-year risk of stroke evaluated by FSP.Results:In this study, the number of people whose CVHI accumulative score was less than 75 was 163 (15.54%) and the number of people whose 10-year probabilities of stroke was greater than or equal to 6% was 202 (19.26%). The CVHI accumulative score was negatively related with FSP ( r=-0.284, P<0.001). The result demonstrated that the CVHI classification, hypertension, diabetes and smoking were independent predictors for the 10-year risk of stroke evaluated by FSP. Conclusions:The proportion of individuals with stroke risk in medical examination population evaluated by CVHI is lower than by FSP. Combination of CVHI and FSP can effectively predict the risk of stroke among physical examiners.

17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 888-894, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880287

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the advantages and disadvantages of point electro-cauterization (PEC) and holmium laser cauterization (HLC) in the treatment of post-ejaculation hematuria.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 73 patients with post-ejaculation hematuria, aged 24-63 (36.8 ± 4.2) years, underwent PEC (n = 35) or HLC (n = 38) after failure to respond to 3 months of conservative treatment. We compared the hospital days, total hospitalization expenses, maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), average urinary flow rate (Qavg), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) score, postoperative duration of hematuria, and recurrence rate at 3 and 6 months after surgery.@*RESULTS@#All the patients experienced first ejaculation but no post-ejaculation hematuria at 1 month after operation. The recurrence rates were lower in the PEC than in the HLC group at 3 months (5.71% vs 2.63%, P > 0.05) and 6 months postoperatively (8.57% vs 5.26%, P > 0.05). Compared with the baseline, the Qmax was decreased from (18.56 ± 2.53) ml/s to (13.68 ± 3.31) ml/s (P < 0.05) and the Qavg from (14.35 ± 2.26) ml/s to (9.69±1.84) ml/s in the PEC group at 1 month after surgery (P < 0.01), but neither showed any statistically significant difference in the HLC group. Mild to moderate anxiety was prevalent in the patients preoperatively, particularly in those without job or regular income and those with a long disease course or frequent onset, the severity of which was not correlated with age, education or marital status. The HAMA score was decreased from18.65 ± 4.33 before to 12.35 ± 3.63 after surgery in the PEC group (P < 0.01), and from 16.88 ± 2.11 to 6.87 ± 4.36 in the HLC group (P < 0.01). The mean hospital stay was significantly longer in the former than in the latter group ([5.2 + 1.3] vs [3.4 ± 0.5] d, P < 0.01), while the total cost markedly lower ([6.35 ± 1.20] vs [12.72 ± 2.15] thousand RMB ¥, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both PEC and HLC are safe and effective for the treatment of post-ejaculation hematuria, with no significant difference in the recurrence rate at 3 and 6 months after operation, but their long-term effect needs further follow-up studies. PEC may increase the risk of negative outcomes of the postoperative urinary flow rate, while HLC has the advantages of better relieving the patient's anxiety, sooner discharge from hospital and earlier recovery from postoperative hematuria, though with a higher total cost than the former.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cautery , Ejaculation , Hematuria/surgery , Holmium , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1253-1258, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800534

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the age of onset of malignant tumors in cancer registration areas in Zhejiang province from 2000 to 2015.@*Methods@#Based on the incidence data of cancer from 14 national cancer registration areas in Zhejiang province between 2000 and 2015, the incidence rate, average/standardized average age of onset, and age-specific incidence proportion were calculated, and standardized by Segi′s world population. The population was divided into 7 age groups (0-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, ≥80 years old). The average age of onset and age-specific incidence proportion were analyzed by using a linear regression. The change trend of the proportion; the average annual percent change (AAPC) of the incidence rate was calculated by using the Joinpoint log-linear regression model. The birth cohort was constructed by using the standardized incidence rate and the year of onset of cancer, and the distribution characteristics of the age groups were described.@*Results@#From calendar year 2000 to 2015, the average age of onset of malignant tumors in Zhejiang Province decreased from 59.7 to 57.6, with an average annual percent decrease of 0.09 year (P=0.033). After the merge of age groups, the standardized incidence proportion of 30-49 and ≥60 years old group standardization increased by an average annual change of 0.38% and decreased by an average annual change of 0.39%, respectively (both P values <0.001). The results of the log-linear regression model showed that the standardized incidence rate of the 30-39 and 40-49 years old age groups increased rapidly, with the AAPC (95%CI) about 5.2% (4.4%-6.0%) and 3.4% (2.5%-4.3%), respectively. The incidence rate of female increased rapidly, especially for 30-39 and 40-49 years old age groups with the AAPC about 6.2% (5.1%-7.2%) and 4.9% (4.0%-5.9%), respectively. The results of the birth cohort analysis showed that the population with different birth years in the same age groups saw an increasing trend with the increase of the birth year.@*Conclusion@#The age of onset of malignant tumors in the cancer registration areas in Zhejiang Province is getting younger. The incidence rate and number of people with malignant tumors in 30-49 years old age group is evident. These characteristics are more obvious in female than that in male.

19.
Chinese Journal of Practical Pediatrics ; (12): 940-944, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817956

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the imaging characteristics and their relationship with histopathological changes of pilomyxoid astrocytomas(PMA)in children. METHODS: The CT and MRI findings as well as clinical data of 20 pediatric patients with PMA admitted to Beijing Tiantan Hospital,Capital Medical University between October 2010 and June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively,and their clinical features,pathological and immunohistochemical results were also analyzed.RESULTS: There were 15 males and 5 females in total 20 patients with PMA. Tumors were located at cerebellar hemisphere in 10,cerebral hemisphere in 5,chiasmatic-hypothalamic region in 4 and at the third ventricle in 1. Of 20 patients with PMA,10 presented hypodense on CT images,11 showed mixed signal intensity on both T1 and T2 weighted images on MRI,7 demonstrated hypointensity on T1 WI and 7 had hyperintensity on T2 WI. Absence of diffusion restriction were noticed in 12 tumors. The tumors showed significant inhomogeneous enhancement in 17 cases under MRI enhanced screening. The cases of neoplasm clear margin,necrosis inside tumors and peritumor edema were 18,16 and 11,respectively. Histopathologically,PMA was characterized by the presence of bipolar spindle cells,angiocentric arrangement,prominent myxoid background and the lack of Rosenthal fibers. CONCLUSION: The pediatric PMA has low-grade tumor features and characteristic imaging features. There are several imaging features which are relatively specific for PMAon CT and MRimages,such as heterogeneous texture,clear border,cystic changes of edge and inhomogeneous enhancement. CT and MRI may provide valuable information for preoperative diagnosis,clinical treatment and prognostic evaluation in patients with PMA.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1774-1780, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773168

ABSTRACT

To compare the polysaccharides( LBLP),total flavonoids( LBLTF) and total phenols( LBLTP) of Lycium barbarum leaves from 14 production areas from Ningxia,Qinghai and Gansu at different harvesting time. Our results showed that there were significant difference of LBLP,LBLTF and LBLTP among different production areas. The LBLP collected from Xiangride township production area,Dulan,Qinghai was as high as 15. 02%. The LBLTF collected from Dagele township production area,Geermu,Qinghai was as high as28. 63%. The LBLTP collected from Keluke township production area,Delingha,Qinghai was as high as 16. 7%. There were also significant difference of these 3 components between different harvest periods. The average LBLP in May( 10. 20%) was significantly higher than that in June( 8. 49%). However,the average LBLTF( 17. 71%) and LBLTP( 12. 77%) in June was significantly higher than that in May( 14. 15%,11. 19%). The LBLTF and LBLTP have a positive correlation with the altitude of production areas,but there was no significant association between LBLP and altitude. The LBLP,LBLTF and LBLTP in different production areas and harvesting time was significant difference,the results provide some references for furthermore development and utilization of L. barbarum leaves.


Subject(s)
Analysis of Variance , China , Flavonoids , Geography , Lycium , Chemistry , Phenols , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Seasons
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