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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 147-154, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981917

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Child head injury under impact scenarios (e.g. falls, vehicle crashes, etc.) is an important topic in the field of injury biomechanics. The head of piglet was commonly used as the surrogate to investigate the biomechanical response and mechanisms of pediatric head injuries because of the similar cellular structures and material properties. However, up to date, piglet head models with accurate geometry and material properties, which have been validated by impact experiments, are seldom. We aim to develop such a model for future research.@*METHODS@#In this study, first, the detailed anatomical structures of the piglet head, including the skull, suture, brain, pia mater, dura mater, cerebrospinal fluid, scalp and soft tissue, were constructed based on CT scans. Then, a structured butterfly method was adopted to mesh the complex geometries of the piglet head to generate high-quality elements and each component was assigned corresponding constitutive material models. Finally, the guided drop tower tests were conducted and the force-time histories were ectracted to validate the piglet head finite element model.@*RESULTS@#Simulations were conducted on the developed finite element model under impact conditions and the simulation results were compared with the experimental data from the guided drop tower tests and the published literature. The average peak force and duration of the guide drop tower test were similar to that of the simulation, with an error below 10%. The inaccuracy was below 20%. The average peak force and duration reported in the literature were comparable to those of the simulation, with the exception of the duration for an impact energy of 11 J. The results showed that the model was capable to capture the response of the pig head.@*CONCLUSION@#This study can provide an effective tool for investigating child head injury mechanisms and protection strategies under impact loading conditions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Finite Element Analysis , Skull/injuries , Craniocerebral Trauma/diagnostic imaging , Brain , Biomechanical Phenomena , Scalp
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 336-341, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935091

ABSTRACT

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the data of Chinese patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) to preliminarily discuss the clinical and cytogenetic characteristics. Methods: From February 2004 to June 2020, patients with newly diagnosed APL aged ≥ 15 years who were admitted to the Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College were chosen. Clinical and laboratory features were retrospectively analyzed. Results: A total of 790 cases were included, with a male to female ratio of 1.22. The median age of the patients was 41 (15-76) years. Patients aged between 20 and 59 predominated, with 632 patients (80%) of 790 patients classified as low and intermediate risk and 158 patients (20%) of 790 patients classified as high risk. The white blood cell, platelet, and hemoglobin levels at diagnosis were 2.3 (0.1-176.1) ×10(9)/L, 29.5 (2.0-1220.8) ×10(9)/L, and 89 (15-169) g/L, respectively, and 4.8% of patients were complicated with psoriasis. The long-form type of PML-RARα was most commonly seen in APL, accounting for 58%. Both APTT extension (10.3%) and creatinine>14 mg/L (1%) are rarely seen in patients at diagnosis. Cytogenetics was performed in 715 patients with newly diagnosed APL. t (15;17) with additional chromosomal abnormalities were found in 155 patients, accounting for 21.7%; among which, +8 was most frequently seen. A complex karyotype was found in 64 (9.0%) patients. Next-generation sequencing was performed in 178 patients, and 113 mutated genes were discovered; 75 genes had an incidence rate>1%. FLT3 was the most frequently seen, which accounted for 44.9%, and 20.8% of the 178 patients present with FLT3-ITD. Conclusions: Patients aged 20-59 years are the most common group with newly diagnosed APL. No obvious difference was found in the ratio of males to females. In terms of risk stratification, patients divided into low and intermediate risk predominate. t (15;17) with additional chromosomal abnormalities accounted for 21% of 715 patients, in which +8 was most commonly seen. The long-form subtype was most frequently seen in PML-RARα-positive patients, and FLT3 was most commonly seen in the mutation spectrum of APL.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetics , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Retrospective Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 645-649, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702528

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the dynamic changes of the intestinal function of neurogenic bowel dysfunction rats caused by spi-nal cord injury using X-ray radiography. Methods Twenty-four female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control group (n=12) and spinal cord injury group (n=12). The T10spinal cord injury model was established using aneurysm clip (70 grams calibration force) for 60 seconds. The control group exposed the dura only. X-ray Barium was used to observe the dynamic changes of in-testinal function, and HE staining was used to observe the pathology of the colon before and four weeks after modeling. Results Compared with the control group, gastric emptying and intestinal transit function significantly reduced in the spinal cord injury group (P<0.05). Conclusion The spinal cord injury model can be successfully duplicated with aneurysm clip in rats; neurogenic bowel dysfunction occurs after spinal cord injury, gastric emptying and intestinal transit function are weakened.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 373-377, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702501

ABSTRACT

Acute spinal cord injury(ASCI)can be divided into primary injury and secondary injury.Spinal cord edema is important for the development of secondary injury after ASCI.Spinal cord edema can be mainly divided into cytotoxic edema and angioedema.The application of dehydrating agents in the treatment of acute spinal cord injury is obvious.This article de-scribed the application of mannitol,hypertonic saline,glycerol fructose,furosemide,human serum albumin,resveratrol and other dehydrating agents in the treatment of ASCI.

5.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 160-163, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699372

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore influence of preoperative nicorandil application on coronary no-reflow during emer-gency percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction(AAMI). Methods:A total of 116 AAMI patients were randomly and equally divided into routine treatment group and nic-orandil group(received nicorandil based on routine treatment).TIMI grade,incidence rate of no-reflow,ECG ST-segment elevation resolution(STR)and incidence rate of major adverse cardiovascular events(MACE)after PCI were compared between two groups.Results:Compared with routine treatment group after PCI,there were signifi-cant rise in percentage of infarct related artery(IRA)TIMI grade 3(77.6% vs.91.4%)and STR on 2h after PCI[(0.15 ± 0.05)mm vs.(0.18 ± 0.05)mm],and significant reductions in incidence rates of no-reflow(13.8% vs. 3.4%)and MACE(17.2% vs.5.2%)in nicorandil group after PCI,P<0.05 or <0.01. Conclusion:Preoperative nicorandil application can reduce incidence rate of no-reflow after PCI,improve myocardial perfusion and reduce in-cidence rate of major adverse cardiovascular events.

6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1071-1076, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262263

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To explore the expression of miR-132 in prostate cancer and its effects on the growth and invasiveness of prostate cancer cells and the influence of hypoxia on the level of miR-132 and biological behavior of prostate cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Real time PCR was used to measure the expression level of miR-132 in the prostate cancer tissue, analyze its relationship with the clinical stage and Gleason score of prostate cancer, and determine the influence of hypoxia on the miR-132 level in the human prostate cancer PC3 cell line in vitro. Sulfor-hodamine B chromatometry and Matrigel invasion assay were employed to detect the effects of hypoxia and miR-132 mimic plasmid transfection on the viability and invasiveness of PC3 cells in vitro.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The miR-132 level in the prostate cancer was significantly declined to 52.38% (in T1-T2 stages) and 21.59% (in T3-T4 stages) of that in the cancer-adjacent tissue (both P<0.01). In hypoxia, the expression of miR-132 was significantly decreased in the PC3 cells (P<0.01). After 48 and 72 hours of transfection with miR-132 mimic plasmid, the viability of the PC3 cells was markedly reduced (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and their invasiveness decreased by 57.5% after 48 hours (P<0.01). However, there was no significant difference in the viability or invasiveness of the PC3 cells transfected with miR-132 mimic plasmid between normoxia and hypoxia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The reduced expression of miR-132 is closely related to the clinical stage and Gleason score of prostate cancer. Hypoxia increases the viability and invasiveness of prostate cancer cells in vitro by down-regulating the expression of miR-132 and consequently may promote the growth and metastasis of prostate cancer.</p>

7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 456-465, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257611

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of the combination of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), transforming growth factor-Β1 (TGF-Β1), bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), and temperature-responsive chitosan hydrogel (TCH) gel on the repair of degenerative intervertebral disc in rat models.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat models of intervertebral disc degeneration were established by acupuncture. The degenerative effects were observed under magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The BMSCs was cultured in vitro and then transfected by adenovirus with enhanced green fluorescent protein to make it carry the gene of enhanced green fluorescent protein,which functioned as fluorescence labeling. The SD rat models of intervertebral disc degeneration were divided into four groups: group A, treated with the combination of bFGF, TGF-Β1,BMSCs,and TCH gel; group B, treated with the combination of BMSCs and TCH gel;group C, treated with the combination of bFGF,TGF-Β1, and TCH gel;and group D, treated with PBS buffer solution. After the corresponding reagents were injected into the degenerative intervertebral discs of each group, the rats were cultivated for another four weeks and then the repair effects of the intervertebral discs were observed under MRI. Furthermore,the intervertebral discs of each group were taken out and observed by HE and Masson staining. The nucleus pulposus was aspirated and the expressions of aggrecan,collagen 2,Sox-9,and collagen I of nucleus pulposus of each group were tested by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The transplanted BMSCs survived in the intervertebral disc and differentiated into nucleus pulposus-like cells. MRI showed that:the signal intensity of the nucleus pulposus of group A was much higher than that of the rest groups, the signal intensity of group B was higher than that of group C, and the signal intensity of group D was the lowest,in which the dura mater spinalis was in compression and the spinal cord changed in beaded shape. The differences of the Pfirrmann grading among the four groups had statistical significance (P<0.05). The results of the HE and Masson stains showed:the intervertebral disc of group A was well-structured,the quantity of nucleus pulposus cells was larger than that of the other three groups,and the boundary between the nucleus pulposus and the annulus fibrosus was clearly defined;the quantity of the nucleus pulposus cells of group B was larger than that of group C, and the broken annulus fibrosus was not observed in group B, while the broken annulus fibrosus could be observed in group C; and, the nucleus pulposus cells of group D were replaced by fibrous tissue. The results of the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot tests showed that,in terms of the expressions of aggrecan,collagen 2 and Sox-9,group A was the highest, followed by group B,group C,and group D (P<0.05); in terms of the expression of collagen 1,there was no obvious difference among these four groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The transplanted BMSCs can survive in the degenerative intervertebral disc and differentiate into nucleus pulposus-like cells. The combination of bFGF, TGF-Β1, BMSCs,and TCH gel has obvious repair effect on the degenerative intervertebral discs. The effect of the combination of BMSCs and TCH gel on transplantation therapy of the degenerative intervertebral discs is better than that of the combination of bFGF, TGF-Β1 and TCH gel but worse than that of the combination of bFGF, TGF-Β1, BMSCs, and TCH gel.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Cell Differentiation , Collagen , Disease Models, Animal , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Intervertebral Disc , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Wound Healing
8.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1064-1070, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of targeting protein for Xenopus kinesin-like protein 2 (TPX2) in breast cancer tissue and to explore its role in proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells.@*METHODS@#The mRNA and protein expressions of TPX2 in breast cancer tissue and cell lines were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot. The effect of TPX2 with RNA interference on proliferation, invasion and migration of breast cancer cells was observed by MTT and Transwell assays.@*RESULTS@#Both mRNA and protein expressions of TPX2 were upregulated in breast cancer tissues compared to tumor-adjacent tissue. TPX2 expression was also upregulated in breast cancer cell lines, and the TPX2 interfered by small interfering RNA could inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migration of breast cancer cells by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Significantly upregulated TPX2 expression is observed in breast cancer tissue and cells, and contributes to promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells.

9.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1064-1070, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951511

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of targeting protein for Xenopus kinesin-like protein 2 (TPX2) in breast cancer tissue and to explore its role in proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. Methods: The mRNA and protein expressions of TPX2 in breast cancer tissue and cell lines were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot. The effect of TPX2 with RNA interference on proliferation, invasion and migration of breast cancer cells was observed by MTT and Transwell assays. Results: Both mRNA and protein expressions of TPX2 were upregulated in breast cancer tissues compared to tumor-adjacent tissue. TPX2 expression was also upregulated in breast cancer cell lines, and the TPX2 interfered by small interfering RNA could inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migration of breast cancer cells by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9. Conclusions: Significantly upregulated TPX2 expression is observed in breast cancer tissue and cells, and contributes to promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells.

10.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 25-32, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285931

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in restoring the functions of degenerative nucleus pulposus cells (dNPCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The animal models of degenerative nucleus pulposus were established by means of acupuncture and aspiration. The BMSCs as well as the normal and degeneratived nucleus pulposus cells of SD rats were isolated and cultured. The BMSCs/alginate gel complex and dNPCs/alginate gel complex were used for indirect co-culture in vitro, which was set as experiment group. The NPCs and dNPCs cultured alone as positive and negative controls. The cell growth conditions were observed by light microscopy, and suitable cells were selected to combine alginate gel stents and cultured in transwell plate. Seven days later, nucleus pulposus cells of each group were recycled, and the mRNA expressions of Collagen2, SOX 9, and Aggrecan were detected by RT-PCR, and the Collagen1, 2, and Aggrecan were detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After non-contact co-culture for 7 days, the mRNA levels of Collagen2, SOX 9, and Aggrecan increased apparently in BMSCs+dNPCs group, while it was significantly lower in dNPCs sample (all P<0.05). The content of Collagen2 and Aggrecan detected by Western blotting in BMSCs+dNPCs group got close to NPCs sample, but it was significantly higher than dNPCs samples (all P<0.05), while the content of Collagen1in BMSCs+dNPCs group got close to NPCs samples, but it was significantly lower than dNPCs sample (P<0.05). Immunofluorescence results showed that cytoplasm was dyed red and the color near the caryon became dark in BMSCs+dNPCs group and dNPCs group;however, the colored scope of cytoplasm and the dark colored scope surrounding the caryon in BMSCs+dNPCs group was obviously larger than dNPCs group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Under a 3D non-contact co-culture system, BMSCs can promote the expression of epimatrix of the dNPCs, which shows that BMSCs can restore the functions of dNPCs of intervertebral disc to certain extent.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bone Marrow Cells , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Intervertebral Disc , Cell Biology , Pathology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Physiology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
11.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 117-121, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343133

ABSTRACT

A retrospective study was performed to explore the relationship between molecular subtypes and clinicopathological features of breast cancer in Chinese women. Six hundred and twenty-eight Chinese women with breast cancer were classified into four molecular subtypes according to their estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and Her-2 status. The prevalence rate of each molecular subtype was analyzed. Relationship between the subtypes and clinicopathologic features was determined. The distribution of molecular subtypes was as follows: luminal A 46.5%, luminal B 17.0%, basal 21.5%, HER2/neu 15.0%. The subtypes had no significant difference under different menopausal status. However, in the age-specific groups, the age group of ≤35 years was more likely to get basal cell-like cancer (36.9%). Statistically significant differences were found among molecular subtypes by age, nuclear grade, tumor size, lymph node (LN) metastasis, tumor stage by American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), radiotherapy but not by chemotherapy, types of surgery. After adjusting for several relative confounding factors, the basal subtype more likely had lower nodal involvement in both the incidence of LN metastasis (≥1 positive LN) and incidence of high-volume LN metastasis (≥4 positive LN). The HER2/neu subtype had higher nodal involvement in the incidence of high-volume LN metastases. After adjusting for relative confounding factors, the HER2/neu subtype more likely had higher AJCC tumor stages. It was suggested that there existed close relationship between molecular subtypes and clinicopathological features of breast cancer. In addition, the breast cancer subtypes have been proven to be an independent predictor of LN involvement and AJCC tumor stage. These findings are very important for understanding the occurrence, development, prognosis and treatment of breast cancer in Chinese population.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Breast Neoplasms , Classification , Epidemiology , Metabolism , Pathology , China , Epidemiology , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Prevalence , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Metabolism , Receptors, Estrogen , Metabolism , Receptors, Progesterone , Metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 725-727, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320995

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship and the influence between pre-diabetes mellitus (PDM) and hyperuricemia (HUA).Methods 157 PDM patients,aged 20 to 75 years old were selected from the Second Clinical Medical College of Harbin Medical University,from 2009 February to 2010 February and were divided into HUA group (76 cases) and NUA group (81 cases).All the patients had not been on thiazide drugs.T-test and Pearson correlation analysis were used to calculate the differences and correlation between uric acid and biochemical indicators.Results In the HUA group,BMI was (27.74 ± 2.88) kg/m2,waist to height ratio (WSR) was (0.55 ± 0.41),TC was (6.61 ± 0.73) mmol/L,TG was (3.94 ± 1.97) mmol/L,LDL-C was (3.60 ± 0.45) mmol/L and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was (3.09± 1.20).There were significant differences noticed in BMI,TG,TC,LDL-C,HOMA-IR at higher level in the HUA group than those in the NUA group.Pre-diabetes uric acid levels were positively correlated with TG,TC,LDL-C while HOMA-1R (TG:r=0.29,TC:r=0.33,LDL-C:r=0.49,HOMA-IR:r=0.51,P<0.05)was negatively correlated (r=-0.30,P<0.05) with the HbAlc.Conclusion The levels of PDM uric acid might both be related with TC,TG,LDL-C and HOMA-IR.The High level of uric acid status in vivo appeared closely related to HOMA-IR,which could further promote the progress of pre-diabetic patients to diabetes and causing dyslipidemia.Our findings suggested that the levels of pre-diabetes uric acid levels should be under concern.

13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 117-21, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636139

ABSTRACT

A retrospective study was performed to explore the relationship between molecular subtypes and clinicopathological features of breast cancer in Chinese women. Six hundred and twenty-eight Chinese women with breast cancer were classified into four molecular subtypes according to their estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and Her-2 status. The prevalence rate of each molecular subtype was analyzed. Relationship between the subtypes and clinicopathologic features was determined. The distribution of molecular subtypes was as follows: luminal A 46.5%, luminal B 17.0%, basal 21.5%, HER2/neu 15.0%. The subtypes had no significant difference under different menopausal status. However, in the age-specific groups, the age group of ≤35 years was more likely to get basal cell-like cancer (36.9%). Statistically significant differences were found among molecular subtypes by age, nuclear grade, tumor size, lymph node (LN) metastasis, tumor stage by American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), radiotherapy but not by chemotherapy, types of surgery. After adjusting for several relative confounding factors, the basal subtype more likely had lower nodal involvement in both the incidence of LN metastasis (≥1 positive LN) and incidence of high-volume LN metastasis (≥4 positive LN). The HER2/neu subtype had higher nodal involvement in the incidence of high-volume LN metastases. After adjusting for relative confounding factors, the HER2/neu subtype more likely had higher AJCC tumor stages. It was suggested that there existed close relationship between molecular subtypes and clinicopathological features of breast cancer. In addition, the breast cancer subtypes have been proven to be an independent predictor of LN involvement and AJCC tumor stage. These findings are very important for understanding the occurrence, development, prognosis and treatment of breast cancer in Chinese population.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 444-449, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244905

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of interferon-alpha-2b (IFN-α-2b) in polycythemia vera patients(PV patient) with or without post-polycythemic myelofibrosis (post-PV MF), 30 patients with mutated JAK2V617F were enrolled in this study, from which 29 patients were evaluable. The percentage of mutated JAK2V617F allele (V617F%) was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) before and after treatment with IFN-α-2b. The correlation of V617F allele burden with the major clinical outcomes was studied. Adverse effects appeared in patients was observed. The results showed that the median follow-up was 24 (12 - 42) months for 29 evaluable patients. Complete hematologic response was achieved in 10%, 48%, 72% and 78% of patients after treatment for 6, 12, 24 and 36 months respectively. The detection of V617F allele burden revealed that the molecular remission of patients (V617F%) was achieved in 41%, 76%, 89% and 89% after treatment for 6, 12, 24 and 36 months respectively. Molecular complete remission (JAK2V617F undetectable) was achieved in 4 patients, lasted from 6 to 12 months after IFN-α-2b discontinuation. The decrease of V617F% in patients with post-PV MF was significantly higher than that in patients without post-PV MF (53 ± 18% vs 32 ± 22%, respectively; p = 0.031) after treatment for 12 months. PV patients had a good tolerance to IFN-α-2b. It is concluded that IFN-α-2b can decrease the mutated V617F allele burden. Patients with PV, especially with post-PV MF, can achieve molecular remission after treatment with IFN-α-2b.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alleles , Interferon-alpha , Therapeutic Uses , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Mutation , Polycythemia Vera , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Primary Myelofibrosis , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Recombinant Proteins , Therapeutic Uses
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 413-417, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357410

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To refine the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 5p15 and screen new tumor suppressor gene(s) in colorectal tumorigenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Samples of colorectal cancer and normal tissue of 83 cases were collected in this study. Sixteen polymorphic microsatellite markers were analyzed on chromosome 5 and another 6 markers on chromosome 5p15 by PCR. PCR products were electrophoresed on an ABI 377 DNA sequencer. Genescan 3.1 and Genotype 2.1 software were used for LOH scanning and analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two distinct regions of frequent allelic deletions at D5S416 on 5p15 and D5S428-D5S410 on 5q were detected. Another 6 polymorphic microsatellite markers were applied to 5p15 and the minimal region of frequrent loss of heterozygosity was established on 5p15 spanning the D5S416 locus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A critical and precise location of 5p deletions, 5p15.2-5p15.3, has been detected, which may contain one or more unknown tumor suppressor gene(s) related to colorectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chromosome Mapping , Methods , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 , Genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Gene Deletion , Loss of Heterozygosity , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymerase Chain Reaction
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 15-18, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328380

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the long-term therapeutic outcome of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Newly diagnosed APL patients were treated with ATRA as induction therapy followed by 3-4 courses of combined consolidation chemotherapy and 2 year maintenance therapy with ATRA and 6-MP + methrotrexate, alternatively. Patients were regularly monitored with nested RT-PCR for PML-RARalpha fusion transcript at the end of consolidation chemotherapy and in the following 4 to 5 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 81 patients with APL were entered the trial, 75 (92.6%) patients achieved CR. Early death (ED) rate was 6.6%. ED patients had significantly higher WBC count and higher percentage of peripheral promyelocyte than those achieved CR. Of 65 patients received consolidation, 60 (92.3%) were proved PML-RARalpha fusion gene negative at the end of the 3rd courses and 3 (4.6%) the end of the 4th courses of consolidation. The mean follow-up was 21.2 (8-64) months, 6 patients relapsed (relapse rate 9.2%). The 5-year Kaplan-Meier estimates of overall survival (OS) rate was (86.6 +/- 4.6)%. For 65 patients received consolidation therapy, the 5-year relapse-free survival (RFS) rate was 82.7%. COX-regression analyses showed only high WBC count (>10 x 10(9)/L) had an adverse prognostic influence on OS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>More than 80% of APL patients treated with systemic therapy could experience long-term relapse-free survival.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Follow-Up Studies , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Drug Therapy , Remission Induction , Treatment Outcome , Tretinoin
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 462-465, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263000

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the side effect of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), and improve early therapeutic response in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The first case of Sweet's syndrome (SS) developed in a APL patient treated with ATRA was reported in mainland of China, and reviewed correlative literature.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Only 14 cases of SS associated with ATRA therapy in APL have been reported in the literature, including the present case. The median age was 49.5 years (9 -84) and 10 were women and 4 men. Of them, SS was restricted to the skin in 10 case, the other 4 muscle, fascia, kidney, and lung were involved. SS appeared after a median of 18 days of ATRA therapy (6 - 34 days). The median WBC count was 7.05 (0.80 - 23.00) x 10(9)/L. Four patients continued with the ATRA therapy without interruption, 13 patients treated with steroids and 12 responded. One patient improved without any treatment. Two cases of SS developed retinoic acid syndromes after ATRA therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sweet's syndrome is a rare adverse effect of ATRA, and has similar features with inflammatory or infective dermatosis. The corticosteroids treatment could improve the systemic and cutaneous symptoms. When ATRA therapy was restarted after SS subsided, no recurrence of rashes was observed.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Drug Therapy , Sweet Syndrome , Tretinoin , Therapeutic Uses
18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 409-412, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254322

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen the sensitive chemotherapeutic agents to human endometrial carcinoma cell line-1 (HECCL-1) and study its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT method was used to examine the relative inhibition ratios (RIRs) of various concentrations of 18 chemotherapeutic agents to HECCL-1. Cell cycle, apoptosis and expression of MDR1 protein were detected by FCM.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nine of the chemotherapeutic agents studied obviously inhibited the proliferative activity of HECCL-1 in a dose-dependent manner. The order of sensitivity was as follows: adriamycin (ADM), oxaliplatin (L-OHP), carboplatin (CBP), cisplatin (DDP), taxol (TAL), epirubicin (EPI), mitoxantrone (MIT), dactomycin (ACTD) and 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu). FCM showed these agents could significantly reduce the proportion of cells in G0-G1 phase, and increase the proportion of cells in S and G2-M phase (P < 0.05). Cell apoptosis was observed in 11 chemotherapeutic agents at their peak concentration. MDR expression was induced after using EPI, 5-Fu, hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) and MIT.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HECCL-1 is sensitive to a number of the chemotherapeutic agents studied. Induced apoptosis may be the major mechanism of drug sensitivity, and acquired drug-resistance may be the critical reason against continued administration.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Carboplatin , Pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Doxorubicin , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Endometrial Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Epirubicin , Pharmacology , Fluorouracil , Pharmacology , Organoplatinum Compounds , Pharmacology
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 32-34, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261362

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy and side effect of the all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) combination in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty APL patients were treated with the ATRA and As(2)O(3) combination, and 18 of them could be evaluated. The treatment protocol was as following: 10 mg As(2)O(3) (0.1% solution) in 500 ml 50 g/L glucose solution for intravenous drip over 4 to 6 hours once a day, ATRA was given 25 mg/m(2) every day.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventeen of the 18 patients achieved complete remission (CR), the CR rate was 94.4%. All 14 newly diagnosed patients and 3 of 4 relapsed patients achieved CR. No significant side effect was observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The As(2)O(3) and ATRA in the treatment of APL can obtain a higher CR rate and a shorter duration for achieving CR.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Arsenicals , Follow-Up Studies , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Drug Therapy , Oxides , Remission Induction , Treatment Outcome , Tretinoin
20.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683220

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of positron emission tomography(PET)-CT imaging combined with continual detection of CA_(125)in serum for diagnosis of early recurrent ovarian epithelial carcinoma.Methods Twenty six patients received PET-CT imaging,who were all diagnosed as primary epithelial ovarian cancer of stage Ⅱ-Ⅳ and had complete remission after cytoreductive surgery and multiple courses of chemotherapy in Shandong Provincial Cancer Hospital.After a steady period,all patients experienced progressive rising of CA_(125)values 3 times in 2 months.But no positive lesion was found by CT, or although suspicious positive focus was found,the recurrent and(or)metastatic extent was not definite. Out of 26 patients,16 were delivered rechemotherapy and(or)radiotherapy,and 10 received re- cytoreductive surgery.Results(1)Of 26 patients,the value of CA_(125)was more than 35 kU/L in 17,and in 14 of 17,pelvic or abdominal cavity recurrence was diagnosed by CT and PET-CT,and 4 showed simuhaneously distant metastasis on PET-CT.In the remaining 3 patients of which CT findings were negative,2 had pelvic and abdominal cavity recurrence,and one had bone metastasis on PET-CT.Of 9 patients with progressive rising CA_(125)levels but the value was less than cut-off(

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