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1.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 282-289, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929260

ABSTRACT

Wuzi-Yanzong-Wan (WZYZW) is a classic prescription for male infertility. Our previous investigation has demonstrated that it can inhibit sperm apoptosis via affecting mitochondria, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of the present study was to explore the actions of WZYZW on mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) in mouse spermatocyte cell line (GC-2 cells) opened by atractyloside (ATR). At first, WZYZW-medicated serum was prepared from rats following oral administration of WZYZW for 7 days. GC-2 cells were divided into control group, model group, positive group, as well as 5%, 10%, 15% WZYZW-medicated serum group. Cyclosporine A (CsA) was used as a positive control. 50 μmol·L-1 ATR was added after drugs incubation. Cell viability was assessed using CCK-8. Apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry and TUNEL method. The opening of mPTP and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were detected by Calcein AM and JC-1 fluorescent probe respectively. The mRNA and protein levels of voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1), cyclophilin D (CypD), adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT), cytochrome C (Cyt C), caspase 3, 9 were detected by RT-PCR (real time quantity PCR) and Western blotting respectively. The results demonstrated that mPTP of GC-2 cells was opened after 24 hours of ATR treatment, resulting in decreased MMP and increased apoptosis. Pre-protection with WZYZ-medicated serum and CsA inhibited the opening of mPTP of GC-2 cells induced by ATR associated with increased MMP and decreased apoptosis. Moreover, the results of RT-qPCR and WB suggested that WZYZW-medicated serum could significantly reduce the mRNA and protein levels of VDAC1 and CypD, Caspase-3, 9 and CytC, as well as a increased ratio of Bcl/Bax. However, ANT was not significantly affected. Therefore, these findings indicated that WZYZW inhibited mitochondrial mediated apoptosis by attenuating the opening of mPTP in GC-2 cells. WZYZW-medicated serum inhibited the expressions of VDAC1 and CypD and increased the expression of Bcl-2, which affected the opening of mPTP and exerted protective and anti-apoptotic effects on GC-2 cell induced by ATR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Rats , 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine , Atractyloside/pharmacology , Peptidyl-Prolyl Isomerase F , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism , Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore , RNA, Messenger
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 126-133, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for the analysis of 18 components of five categories, namely spirosteroid saponins (timosaponin AⅠ,timosaponin AⅡ,timosaponin AⅢ,anemarrhenasaponin Ⅲ,sarsasapogenin),furostane saponins(anemarrhenasaponin Ⅰ,anemarrhenasaponin Ⅰa,anemarsaponin E,officinalisinin I,timosaponin B-Ⅱ,timosaponin B-Ⅲ,anemarsaponin C),flavonoids(icarisin I,baohuoside I),bisphenone(meomangiferin,mangiferin,isomangiferin),and hydroquinone glycoside (β-arbutin),in order to analyze the differences between the main root and fibrous root of Anemarrhena asphodeloides from different sources and provide reference for the sustainable development of A. asphodeloides resources. Method:0.25 g sample was refluxed and extracted with 25 mL dilute ethanol for 30 min. The chromatographic separation was carried out on Waters Acquity Uplc BEHHILI C18 column(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.7 μm),with 0.1% formic acid water-acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution,and the volume flow rate was 0.2 mL·min-1. Electrospray ion source(ESI+,ESI-),and multi-reaction ion monitoring(MRM) were used for detection,external standard method was used to calculate the content of the tested components in medicinal samples,and SMICA14.1 software was used to analyze the differences between the main root and fibrous root samples of A. asphodeloides. Result:The tested components showed a good linear relationship in their respective linear ranges,with a good precision,repeatability and stability. The recovery rate of samples was between 95.22%-101.42%,and RSD was less than 4%. The experimental results showed great differences between the main root and fibrous root of A. asphodeloides, when the multivariate statistical analysis was carried out with 18 main components. Conclusion:This study provides experimental basis for the reuse of fibrous root of A. asphodeloides resources and the quality control of A. asphodeloides.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 34-39, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872756

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Wuzi Yanzong Wan on the expressions of voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1), adenine nucleotide transposase (ANT), cyclophilin D (CypD) and other proteins, and analyze its mechanism in intervening with sperm mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening. Method:Forty rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, namely normal group, model group, positive group (Shengjing capsule, 1.6 g·kg-1·d-1), and Wuzi Yanzong Wan group (4.0 g·kg-1·d-1), with 10 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, tripterygium wilfordii glycosides (GTW, 30 mg·kg-1) was intragastrically administered for 8 weeks to establish the oligozoospermia model. After the 4th week, each group was given drugs through intragastric administration for 4 weeks, and fasted for 12 h after the last administration. These rats were anesthetized with 3% chloral hydrate, and their testis and epididymis tissues were collected. Western blot was used to determine the protein expressions of VDAC1,ANT,CypD,B-cell lymphoma/leukemia2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), Caspase-3, Caspase-9 in rat testis, Testicular tissue and its ultrastructure were observed under electron microscopy. The apoptosis in spermatogenic cells was detected by terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL). Result:Western blot results showed that compared with the normal group, the expressions of VDAC1, CypD, Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Bax/Bcl-2 in the model group were increased (P<0.01). The expressions of VDAC1, CypD, Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Bax/Bcl-2 were significantly decreased in the positive group and the Wuzi Yanzong Wan group compared with the model group (P<0.01). There was no significant change in the expressions of ANT and Bcl-2 protein between the groups. Testicular ultrastructural evaluation showed different sizes and disordered arrangement of sperm mitochondria and a large number of swelling and vacuoles in the model group, while complete structure and neat arrangement of sperm mitochondria and much less swelling and vacuole in positive group and Wuzi Yanzong Wan group. TUNEL results showed that the apoptosis rate of spermatogenic cells in the model group was significantly higher than that of the normal group (P<0.01), while the apoptosis rate in the positive drug and Wuzi Yanzong Wan group was significantly lower than that of the model group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Wuzi Yanzong Wan may resist germ cell apoptosis by inhibiting the expressions of VDAC1, CypD and Bax, reducing the permeability of mPTP, and preventing the cascade activation reaction of the Caspase family of apoptosis proteins.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5701-5711, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878832

ABSTRACT

This study is to improve the quality standard and supply the scientific basis for Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and its raw processed products. Steroidal saponin including timosaponin BⅡ, timosaponin AⅢ and flavonoids including neomangiferin and mangiferin were selected as the indicative components. Silica gel G thin layer chromatography(TLC) and polyamide TLC were used to detect the two types of compounds, respectively. The contents of timosaponin BⅡ and timosaponin AⅢ were determined by HPLC-ELSD and the content of neomangiferin, mangiferin and isomangiferin were determined by HPLC-UV. Moisture, total ash and acid insoluble ash were determined according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2015 edition). And 80% ethanol was selected as the solvent and the content determination of total extract were determined. The fingerprints of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and its raw processed products were established by HPLC-UV and HPLC-ELSD. The results showed that the methods of TLC and HPLC have been successfully stablished. There are 2 and 3 peaks which have been identified by HPLC-ELSD and HPLC-UV, respectively. The HPLC fingerprint methods are specific and can be used to identify and quality control for Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and its raw processed products in the mass. Comparing to Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2015 edition), the TLC identification and content determination were revised and the total extract determination and HPLC fingerprints were added in the present study. Our results can be used as the scientific basis of quqlity control for Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and its raw processed products.


Subject(s)
Anemarrhena , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Rhizome
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 347-351, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008343

ABSTRACT

Eight compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate extraction of Prunus mume by column chromatography. On the basis of physicochemical properties and spectrum analysis, these compounds were identified as isoquercitrin-6″-O-benzoate(1), pinoresinol(2), naringin(3), ethyl-β-D-glucopyranoside(4), astragalin(5), quercetin(6), hypericin(7), and rutin(8). Among them, compound 1 was a new natural product, and compounds 2-5 were isolated from this plant for the first time. In vitro study, compounds 1, 3, 5-8 could significantly increase the cell survival ratio.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Phytochemicals/analysis , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Prunus/chemistry , Solvents
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1392-1396, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774544

ABSTRACT

Five compounds were isolated from the fibrous roots of Anemarrhena asphodeloides by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-HPLC column chromatography. On the basis of physic-chemical properties and spectroscopic data analysis, these compounds were identified as methyl 2-[2,4-dihydroxy-3-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-6-methoxyphenyl]acetate(1), 4-[formyl-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]butanoate(2), perlolyrine(3),syringaresinol-4'-O-β-D-glucoside(4) and 4',6-dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone-2-O-(2″),3-C-(1″)-1″-desoxy-α-L-fructofuranoside(5). Among them, 1 was a new benzophenone. Compounds 2-5 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compound 1 was tested for neuroprotective effects against H_2O_2-induced damage in SH-SY5 Y cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemarrhena , Chemistry , Benzophenones , Pharmacology , Cell Line , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Plant Roots , Chemistry
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1218-1221, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320875

ABSTRACT

To establish an HPLC-ELSD method for the quantification of triterpenoids in the fruits of Buddleja lindleyana. The RP-HPLC-ELSD method was used for the determination of triterpenoids in B. lindleyana fruits, which were collected from different habitats. The column used was a packed with 5 μm stationary phase Waters SunFireTM C₁₈ (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase consisted of Methanol-water(82∶18) at a flow rate of 1 mL•min⁻¹. Column temperature: 30 ℃. ELSD conditions: drift tube temperature: 106 ℃; carrier gas (nitrogen) flow rate: 1.5 L•min⁻¹; amplification factor: 1. The calibration curves showed good linear relationship on a range from 0.702 to 28.08 μg(r=0.999 2) for Clinoposaponin III, 0.390 to 15.60 μg(r=0.998 9) for Desrhamnoverbascosaponin and 0.192 to 7.68μg(r=0.999 0) for Mimengoside I. The average recovery rate(n=6) were 99.41%, 99.08% and 98.67% and it's RSD were 0.86%, 1.56% and 1.80%. This method can be used to determine the contents of triterpenoids in the fruits of Buddleja lindleyana for its simplicity, accurateness and reliability.

8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 446-450, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350881

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of Wuzi Yanzong Pills (WYP) on sperm mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and its ultrastructure in oligo-asthenozoospermia model rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Oligo-asthenozoospermia models were made in 50 male rats weighing 200 - 220 g by intragastric administration of Tripterygium Glucosides at 30 mg per kg per d for 8 weeks, and then equally allocated to a model control, a Huangjing Zanyu Capsule (HZC) control, a low-dose WYP, a medium-dose WYP, and a high-dose WYP group. Another 10 age-matched normal male rats were included as normal controls. The rats in the model and normal control groups were given intragastrically distilled water at 10 ml/kg, those in the HZC group administered HZC at 3.01 g/kg, and those in the low-, medium- and high-dose WYP groups medicated with WYP at 2.30, 4.60 and 9.20 g/kg, respectively, once daily for 30 days. At 30 minutes after the last administration, we detected the sperm MMP by JC-1 fluorescent staining and flow cytometry, and examined the sperm ultrastructure under the JEM-1230 transmission electron microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>JC-1 + % and its fluorescence intensity were (33.77 +/- 6.19)% and 1 468 +/- 496 in the model control, (56.34 +/- 10.35)% and 3 277 +/- 895 in the HZC control, (40.80 +/- 10.40)% and 2 016 +/- 767 in the low-dose WYP, (59.40 +/- 6.51)% and 3 897 +/- 643 in the medium-dose WYP, and (60.71 +/- 7.81)% and 3 371 +/- 647 in the high-dose WYP group, significantly reduced in comparison with (70.80 +/- 4.92)% and 4 360 +/- 945 in the normal control group (P < 0.05), but remarkably higher in the medium- and high-dose WYP groups than in the model controls (P < 0. 05). After modeling, the sperm membrane was loose and degenerated, the mitochondria swelling, variously sized and with incomplete membrane, and the axonemal structure unclear or ruptured. After 30 days of WYP administration, compared with the model control group, the rats exhibited integrated sperm membrane and mitochondrial membrane, reduced mitochondrial swelling and basically normal axonemal and microtubular structures.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tripterygium Glucosides could decrease the sperm mitochondrial membrane potential and damage the mitochondrial structure, while WYP could significantly increase the sperm mitochondrial membrane potential and reduce the sperm mitochondrial structure damage. The protection of the integrity of sperm mitochondrial structure and function is one of the mechanisms of WYP acting on oligo-asthenozoospermia.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Asthenozoospermia , Pathology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Oligospermia , Pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spermatozoa , Physiology
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