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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 94-102, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996509

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Qinggan Jianpi Huoxue prescription(QGJPHXP) on the polarization of M1/M2 macrophages in rats with hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride(CCl4). MethodA rat hepatic fibrosis model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 40% CCl4-olive oil suspension twice a week at the dosage of 2.0 mL·kg-1 for 8 weeks. After the model was successfully established, these rats were randomly divided into the model group, QGJPHXP group(32.084 g·kg-1) and Biejiajian pills(BJJP) group(0.925 5 g·kg-1), with 12 rats in each group. The blank group was injected intraperitoneally with the same amount of olive oil. The rats in the administration groups were given the corresponding solution according to the dose, and the blank and model groups were given the same dose of purified water, once a day. After 4 weeks of continuous administration, the liver tissues of rats were taken and stained with hematoxylin-eosin(HE) and Masson to observe the pathological changes. The serums were collected to detect the alanine aminotransferase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) levels. Interleukin(IL)-6, IL-12, IL-10, IL-1β, transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) levels in liver tissues were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression levels of CD86 and CD206 were detected by immunohistochemistry(IHC). Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) were used to detect the protein and mRNA expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), arginase-1(Arg-1), phosphorylated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(p-p38 MAPK), nuclear transcription factor-κB p65(NF-κB p65) in liver tissues of rats. ResultCompared with the blank group, the hepatic cell plate was irregularly arranged, and local inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrous hyperplasia were observed, while the serum levels of ALT and AST were significantly increased in the model group(P<0.01), and IL-1β, IL-6, IL-12, TGF-β1, TNF-α, CD86, CD206, iNOS, p-p38 MAPK,p38 MAPK and NF-κB p65 levels in liver tissues were obviously increased(P<0.05, P<0.01), while the levels of IL-10 and Arg-1 were obviously decreased(P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, QGJPHXP group reduced the degree of liver cell fibrosis,and serum levels of ALT and AST(P<0.01), and IL-1β, IL-6, IL-12, TGF-β1, TNF-α, CD86, iNOS, p-p38 MAPK, p38 MAPK, and NF-κB p65 levels in liver tissues were obviously decreased(P<0.05, P<0.01), the levels of IL-10, CD206 and Arg-1 were obviously increased in the QGJPHXP group(P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionQGJPHXP has ability to inhibit the activation of pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages, induce the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines by M2 macrophages, reduce the release of pro-fibrogenic cytokines, and promote the macrophage polarization of M1 to M2 in liver for tissue repair, thereby serving as an anti-inflammatory and anti-hepatic fibrosis drug.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 905-908, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics in patients with persistent positive pharyngeal swab of 2019 novel coronavirus Omicron variant and results of nucleic acid testing of anal swabs to provide basis for prevention and control measures.Methods:This study included 93 patients whose pharyngeal swab nucleic acid test were persistent positive and admitted to the ward of Daping Hospital in the National Exhibition and Convention Center (Shanghai) Makeshift Hospital from May 1 to May 24, 2022. The gender, age, underlying diseases, vaccination status, clinical symptoms, interval between infection onset and anal sampling, length of hospital stay, the nucleic acid test result of pharyngeal swabs and anal swabs and the time turning negative were collected and analyzed.Results:The age of 93 patients ranged from 8 to 72 years old with a median of (46.0±16.0) years old. Among them, 30 cases (32.3%) were male and 63 cases (67.7%) were female. Sixty-five patients (69.9%) received 2-3 shots of vaccine, 2 patients (2.1%) received 1 shot, and 26 patients (28.0%) did not receive any vaccination. Twenty patients (21.5%) had underlying diseases, of which hypertension (13 cases, 14.0%) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (6 cases, 6.5%) were the most common. Twenty-four patients (25.8%) had asymptomatic infection and the rest (69 cases, 74.2%) had mild symptoms. Cough (50 cases, 53.8%) and sore throat (28 cases, 30.1%) were the most common clinical manifestations of the upper respiratory tract in these patients. Only 6 patients (6.5%) had gastrointestinal symptoms (including diarrhea in 5 patients and diarrhea with vomiting in 1 patient). Pharyngeal and anal swabs were collected simultaneously from all 93 patients at 8-16th days [(11.55±2.27) days] after 2019 novel coronavirus Omicron variant infection. The pharyngeal swabs were positive in 79 patients (85.0%) and the anal swabs were positive in 5 patients (5.4%). The time of pharyngeal swabs turning negative was (14.7±2.9) days, and that of anal swab turning positive was (14.2±1.9) days. The median length of hospital stay was (16.7±2.9) days.Conclusions:In patients with persistent positive nucleic acid of the 2019 novel coronavirus Omicron variant, there were more mild infection than asymptomatic. The upper respiratory tract symptoms such as cough and sore throat were the most. The likelihood of transmission of 2019 novel coronavirus Omicron variant through the digestive tract may be low. The correlation between gastrointestinal symptoms and 2019 novel coronavirus Omicron variant RNA in the digestive tract is uncertain.

4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 86-90, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of lever positioning manipulation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its effect on Cobb angle.@*METHODS@#From December 2017 to November 2018, 67 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group by digital table method. There were 34 cases in the treatment group, including 20 males and 14 females, with an average age of (36.09±8.26) years old and a course of (13.79±15.50) months. Treatment group was treated with lever positioning manipulation. There were 33 cases in the control group, including 18 males and 15 females, with an average age of(36.48±7.81) years old and a course of (12.82±15.68) months. Control group was treated with lumbar slanting manipulation. Two groups were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 6 times for a course of treatment, after 2 courses of treatment, the changes of Cobb angle before and after treatment were compared between two groups by imaging. The symptoms and signs were scored with reference to clinical evaluation standard;overall efficacy was evaluated with reference to "Diagnostic Efficacy Criteria of Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome" issued by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine for lumbar disc herniation.@*RESULTS@#One patient in each group dropped out. The symptom and sign scores of treatment group and control group before treatment were 18.56± 4.81, 18.61±3.72, while after treatment were 9.41±5.19, 13.55±3.68;treatment group was significantly lower than control group after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the lever positioning manipulation and the lumbar slanting manipulation methods are effective for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, but clinical effect of lever positioning method on lumbar disc herniation is more significant, and the effect on Cobb angle is more obvious. It is worthy of promotion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Spinal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 780-784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888357

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field on patients with lumbar disc herniation and the influence on serum IL-1β and TNF-α.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to March 2019, 58 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study, which were randomly divided into observation group and control group by digital table method. Observation group of 29 cases, including 16 males and 13 females, aged (38.03±11.29) years old, were treated with lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field. The 29 cases in control group, including 17 males and 12 females, aged (38.21±9.16) years old, were treated with pulsed electric field. Both groups of patients were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 3 times as a course of treatment. After 2 courses of treatment, the two groups of patients were scored before and after treatment by the numeric rating scales (NRS);at the same time, the serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α were measured before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The NRS scores of observation group and control group were 4.21±1.76, 4.66±1.61 before treatment, and 1.28±0.84, 2.10±1.35 after treatment, respectively. The NRS scores of the observation group after treatment was significantly lower than that of the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#The lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field has a good analgesic effect on patients with lumbar disc herniation, and it has a significant impact on the patient's serum IL-1β and TNF-α concentration, which can be used as a clinical guide. However, the synergistic effect of lever positioning technique combined with pulsed electric field and guidelines for clinical treatment need further research.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): E022-E022, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788975

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, Hubei province, it has spread all across the country. Due to its highly contagious capability with relatively long incubation period and high incidence of susceptibility in the population, it has led to a large number of infected cases. Especially our medical practitioners who are working at the frontline of disease prevention and control. They stay in direct contact with the patients that it can easily lead to the spread of COVID-19 epidemic among doctors and patients and among patients themselves, which will give rise to nosocomial infection outbreaks and paralyze the medical work in departments and hospitals as well. Therefore, strengthening the management of nosocomial infection during the epidemic and improving the prevention and control of the Coronavirus disease has become top priority for departments of hospital infection control in medical institutions. In this article, we mainly introduce current information for COVID-19, prevention training, process designing in hospital, the use of PPE, disinfection and sterilization etc. We hope this will help to further clarify the duties and tasks for departments of infection control.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1-7, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811514

ABSTRACT

A novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) epidemic has occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province since December 2019, caused by a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) never been seen previously in human. China has imposed the strictest quarantine and closed management measures in history to control the spreading of the disease. However, severe trauma can still occur in the NCP patients. In order to standardize the emergency treatment and the infection prevention and control of severe trauma patients with hidden infection, suspected or confirmed infection of 2019-nCoV, Trauma Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Doctors' Association organized this expert consensus. The consensus illustrated the classification of the NCP patients, severe trauma patients in need of emergency surgery, emergency surgery type, hierarchical protection for medical personnel and treatment places. Meanwhile, the consensus standardized the screening, injury severity evaluation, emergency surgical treatment strategy and postoperative management strategy of severe trauma patients during the epidemic period of NCP, providing a basis for the clinical treatment of such kind of patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-103, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867684

ABSTRACT

Epidemic of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province since December 2019, caused by a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) never been seen previously in human. China has imposed the strictest quarantine and closed management measures in history to control the spreading of the disease. However, severe trauma can still occur in the COVID-19 patients. In order to standardize the emergency treatment and the infection prevention and control of severe trauma patients with hidden infection, suspected or confirmed infection of 2019-nCoV, Trauma Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Doctors' Association organized this expert consensus. The consensus illustrated the classification of the COVID-19 patients, severe trauma patients in need of emergency surgery, emergency surgery type, hierarchical protection for medical personnel and treatment places. Meanwhile, the consensus standardized the screening, injury severity evaluation, emergency surgical treatment strategy and postoperative management strategy of severe trauma patients during the epidemic period of COVID-19, providing a basis for the clinical treatment of such kind of patients.

9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 892-897, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813073

ABSTRACT

To analyze clinical features of mah-jong reflex epilepsy, and to explore the underlying mechanisms.
 Methods: The clinical data of 15 patient (a study group), who visited in the outpatient department in the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from 2016 to 2018, were collected and analyzed. The clinical data included disease history, 24 h- electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Next, previous 84 case (a literature group) reports published in the past 20 years were searched and compared.
 Results: Both groups of mah-jong reflex epilepsy were predominant in middle-aged men, with onset ages of (44.53±10.58) and (41.48±17.85) years old, respectively. In the study group, time interval usually lasted (4.00±2.45) h from starting play mah-jong to seizure attack, 73.3% patients complained mental fatigue before seizure attack, and 93.3% of the patients were described to have general tonic-clonic seizure. Few positive result was discovered in auxiliary examination, and the percentage was 9.3% in EEG, while no positive outcome was seen in head MRI. There were no significant differences in gender, age of onset, duration of playing mah-jong before attack, type of attack, and changes of head MRI between the 2 groups (all P>0.05).
 Conclusion: Mental fatigue after long-time mah-jong playing and cognitive dysfunction might be the potential triggers in mah-jong reflex epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy, Reflex , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Seizures
10.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 8-13, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712643

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the changes in numbers and degranulation status of local mast cells (MCs) of the complementary acupionts, as well as the concentrations of serum histamine and bradykinin after acupuncture at rat's complementary acupionts of Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Yinlingquan (SP 10), for exploring the mechanisms of the synergistic effect of complementary acupionts. Methods: Using random number table method, 40 Wistar rats were randomly divided into a blank control group (group K), an acupuncture at Yanglingquan (GB 34) group (group A), an acupuncture at Yinlingquan (SP 9) group (group B), an acupuncture at Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) group (group AB), and an acupuncture at points near Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) group (group CD), 8 rats in each group. Group A received acupuncture at Yanglingquan (GB 34); group B received acupuncture at Yinlingquan (SP 9); group AB received acupuncture at Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Yinlingquan (SP 9); group CD received acupuncture at the control points [points 3 mm away from Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) respectively]. Acupuncture was performed at bilateral points in each group. Rats in group K were fixed using the same method as rats in the other 4 groups without acupuncture stimulation. Needles of 0.35 mm in diameter and 40 mm in length were used for acupuncture. Needle handle was connected to the G6805-Ⅱ mode electroacupuncture (EA) device after needling qi was obtained, with sparse-dense wave, frequency of 2 Hz/100 Hz and current of 1 mA to keep the needle handles slightly tremulous while the rats kept quiet. Rats were continuously stimulated by EA for 20 min each time. Experimental interventions were conducted on the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th days when the experiment started, for 4 times in total. Specimens from rats in each group were collected 2 h after the 7th day. The levels of histamine and bradykinin in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Local tissues of the points were used to prepare cryosections. The changes of MCs were observed after toluidine blue staining. Results: Compared with group K, the numbers and degranulation rates of MCs in group A, group B, group AB and group CD were significantly increased (all P<0.05). The number and degranulation rate of MCs in group AB were significantly higher than those in group A, group B and group CD (all P<0.05). The order of histamine levels from high to low was: group AB >group B > group A > group CD > group K, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05); the levels of bradykinin in group AB, group A and group B were significantly higher than those in group K and group CD (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the bradykinin level between group A and group B, nor between group CD and group K (all P>0.05). Conclusion: The number and degranulation rate of MCs of the complementary acupionts are significantly increased after acupuncture at complementary acupionts of Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) of rats, and the serum levels of histamine and bradykinin are increased, which may be one of the mechanisms of the synergism produced by the combination of complementary acupionts.

11.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 200-206, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704002

ABSTRACT

Objective: To facilitate personalized treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD) among adults, a systematic review was conducted to explore the moderators of treatment outcome between pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. Methods: A systematic search of papers, published in English before April, 2017, was conducted in Pubmed, PsycINFO and EMbase. Totally 754 papers were screened in accordance with the predefined inclusive and exclusive criteria. Then the selected literatures were scored according to randomized controlled trial (RCT), statistical, and the sample-size quality criteria, and analyzed to find the moderators. Results: A total of 30 papers were included. Totally 11 got " + " in all four domains in RCT quality, 25 got the score of 4 in statistical quality, and 15 got 6 in sample-size quality. And the moderators were tested across 7 categories, namely, social demographic and contextual factors, symptom severity, preference, symptom subtype, comorbid personality traits or disorders, comorbid emotional disorders or emotional reactivity, and biological factors. Hypometabolism of the right anterior insula, positive summed functional connectivity, preference for psychotherapy, a greater number of events, married/co-habiting status, unemployment, therapy sites with better psychotherapists, more prior antidepressant exposures, and childhood trauma might be associated with better outcomes with psychotherapy, while preference for medicine, melancholic features, high levels of neuroticism, comorbid personality disorders, comorbid anxiety emotional disorders predicted better outcomes in pharmacotherapy than in psychotherapy. Conclusion: Patient characters have a moderation effect on outcomes between pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, thus these characters should be considered in the selection of the two therapies. Due to the limited quantity of these reviewed papers, however, the results should be retested by future studies.

12.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 323-330, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842129

ABSTRACT

Objective: To design and synthesize a series of chrysin derivatives and evaluate the antitumor activities with MTT assay, so as to investigate molecular structure-activity relationship with molecular docking. Methods: Target products were synthesized with high yield by substitution reaction, hydrolysis reaction, esterification reaction, and saponification reaction in sequence, and activities of all compounds were evaluated with human gastric carcinoma cell lines MGC-803 and human breast carcinoma cell lines MCF-7 through standard MTT assay. Molecular docking results were calculated with Surflex Geom X programme of Sybyl X-2.0 version workstation. Results: 7-O-amino acids chrysin derivatives 6a–6l were synthesized and their inhibitory effects were evaluated by comparing the material chrysin with positive control drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Among these derivatives, compound 5b (IC50 = 24.50 ± 2.26 µmol/L), 5k (IC50 = 24.30 ± 2.19 µmol/L), and 6f (IC50 = 24.61 ± 2.01 µmol/L) showed better inhibitory activities against MGC-803 cell lines, and compound 5g (IC50 = 13.15 ± 1.73 µmol/L) and 5j (IC50 = 12.34 ± 1.25 µmol/L) showed better inhibitory activities against MCF-7 cell lines than chrysin and 5-FU. Molecular docking scores showed a credible consistency compared with MTT results. Conclusion: Compounds 5b, 5d, 5g, 5j, 5k, and 6f showed good antiproliferative effects on specific tumor cells, and compound 5g should be researched further when according to molecular docking.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1544-1550, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662395

ABSTRACT

AIM:Endothelial cell senescence has been proposed to be involved in endothelial dysfunction and atherogenesis.This study aims to investigate the effects of ginsenoside Rb1,a major constituent of ginseng,on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced endothelial cell senescence,and to explore the expression and production of caveolin-1 in H2O2-induced premature senescence.METHODS:The senescence of primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was induced by H2O2 as judged by morphology inspection,senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) staining and cell cycle detection.The protein expression of caveolin-1 was determined by Western blot and confocal laser-scanning microscopy.RESULTS:Treatment of the HUVECs with H2O2 at 60 μmoL/L induced premature senescence,as judged by enlarged,flattened cell morphology,increased SA-β-Gal activity and sustained growth arrest.H2O2 effectively increased caveolin-1 level.Pretreatment of the HUVECs with Rb1 was found to reverse endothelial cell senescence,as witnessed by a significant decrease in senescent cell numbers and a decreased percentage of G0/G1 phase cells.Furthermore,Rb1 administration reversed the H2O2-increased protein level of caveolin-1.CONCLUSION:Ginsenoside Rb1 antagonizes H2O2-induced endothelial cell senescence through caveolin-1 modulation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1544-1550, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659954

ABSTRACT

AIM:Endothelial cell senescence has been proposed to be involved in endothelial dysfunction and atherogenesis.This study aims to investigate the effects of ginsenoside Rb1,a major constituent of ginseng,on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced endothelial cell senescence,and to explore the expression and production of caveolin-1 in H2O2-induced premature senescence.METHODS:The senescence of primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was induced by H2O2 as judged by morphology inspection,senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) staining and cell cycle detection.The protein expression of caveolin-1 was determined by Western blot and confocal laser-scanning microscopy.RESULTS:Treatment of the HUVECs with H2O2 at 60 μmoL/L induced premature senescence,as judged by enlarged,flattened cell morphology,increased SA-β-Gal activity and sustained growth arrest.H2O2 effectively increased caveolin-1 level.Pretreatment of the HUVECs with Rb1 was found to reverse endothelial cell senescence,as witnessed by a significant decrease in senescent cell numbers and a decreased percentage of G0/G1 phase cells.Furthermore,Rb1 administration reversed the H2O2-increased protein level of caveolin-1.CONCLUSION:Ginsenoside Rb1 antagonizes H2O2-induced endothelial cell senescence through caveolin-1 modulation.

15.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 42-44,51, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699854

ABSTRACT

Objective To design an integration system for use,supervision and intervention of antimicrobials to strengthen the management and improve the rationality in clinical use.Methods By using the computer technology and closed-loop control principle,the knowledge base and rule base were established to realize the integration for use,supervision and intervention of antimicrobials.The statistical analysis platform was also built to complete the statistical analysis and traceability of the used antimicrobial by different levels of hospitals,departments and doctors.Results The system achieved a full range of guidelines for the clinical use of antimicrobials.The waste of medical resources was suppressed and the adverse reactions and medical cost were also reduced.Conclusion The system has friendly interface and simple operation,which provides an effective solution for the rational use of antimicrobials.

16.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 540-543, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619201

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the causes of a healthcare-associated lower respiratory tract infection(HA-LRTI) outbreak due to Enterobacter cloacae(E.cloacae), and provide basis for clinical prevention and control of HAI.Methods Epidemiological data of patients with E.cloacae HA-LRTI following bronchoalveolar lavage(BAL) in the departments of respiratory disease and thoracic surgery of a hospital were collected, antimicrobial resistance analysis on isolated pathogens from patients and environment was performed, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used for genotyping.Results On March 8-16, 2013, a total of 15 patients underwent BAL in the fiberobronchoscopy room in the departments of respiratory disease and thoracic surgery of a hospital, 13 of whom developed E.cloacae LRTI, 4 cases were community-associated infection (the initial case was included), the other 9 cases were HAI;8 environmental specimens were detected 2 strains of E.cloacae, the strains were from vacuum suction joint of fiberbronchoscope and scissors used for trimming disposable controllable sputum suction pipeline.15 strains of E.cloacae from environment and patients were screened by antimicrobial susceptibility testing, 11 strains were with similar antimicrobial susceptibility testing result, 2 of which were environmental strains, 6 were from inpatients, and 3 were from patients in community.PFGE typing of 11 strains revealed that there were 8 strains with the same genotype, 6 of which were from patients in department of thoracic surgery, 2 were from vacuum suction joint of fiberbronchoscope and scissors used for disposable controllable sputum suction pipeline;the other 3 strains were of the same genotype, and from departments of respiratory disease and thoracic surgery.Conclusion This outbreak is due to contamination of bronchofibroscope by the same E.cloacae strain, the strain is susceptible to the clinic commonly used antimicrobial agents, such events should be paid attention in clinic, the key to control infection is to take necessary measures for cutting off the spread of the epidemic.

17.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 59-62, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618925

ABSTRACT

Objective To integrate the self-developed Web-based early warning management system into EMR system to decrease average medical fee as well as the occurrences of cost overrun,arrearage for self-paid fee and etc.Methods The method mapped into image for users' browse based on using the user-defined URL extension characteristic of EMR system,combining the advantages of Web platform in handling Http request,applying Java as well as SQL technology to obtain source data,integrating statistical analysis for multi-dimensional comparative analysis as well as visualization technology.Results This system changed the behavior pattern of early warning and supervision in course,relieved work burden of medical staffs,and helped hospital achieve high economic management benefit.Conclusion The application of crossplatform system realizes high effect and provides approaches for expanding other functions.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2844-2851, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324733

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Practice guidelines have recommended cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) as the treatment of choice for major depression disorder (MDD). However, whether one therapy is better than the other remains inconclusive. The aim of this study was to compare the treatment efficacy of the two treatment approaches for MDD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the terms "cognitive behavior therapy or cognitive therapy or CBT or CT or cognitive behavioral therapy" and "interpersonal psychotherapy or IPT," we systematically searched PubMed, Psyclnfo and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases up to February 2017. The language was restricted to be English and Chinese. Therapeutic outcomes, characteristics, and research quality were then extracted and analyzed independently. In accessing the included studies, we followed the criteria suggested by the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Data for 946 patients from 10 randomized controlled trials were included in the study. Methodological quality was not optimal in most trials. Meta-analysis showed a mean difference (MD) of -1.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) (-2.49, -0.12) (P < 0.05) in favor of CBT according to the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and however, we did not found any statistically significant difference between CBT and IPT on the Hamilton Rating Scale for depression (HRSD) (MD -0.90, 95% CI [-2.18, 0.38]). Subgroup analyses for the studies in which patients were treated only by psychotherapy (MD -1.26, 95% CI [-2.78, 0.35]) and for those which offered more sessions of therapies (MD -0.82, 95% CI [-2.23, 0.59]) showed there was no significant difference between CBT and IPT according to BDI.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Differences in treatment efficacy seem to vary according to different outcome measures. CBT shows an advantage over IPT for MDD according to BDI, and there is no significant difference between the two according to HRSD. These results should be interpreted with caution.</p>

19.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 429-433, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610285

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the clinical application of glycopeptide antibiotics in hospitalized patients, and evaluate the rationality of drug use, so as to provide reference for rational clinical drug use.Methods A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the application of glycopeptide antibiotics among inpatients in a hospital from January to December in 2014, relevant clinical data were recorded.Results A total of 727 cases were included , 471 (64.79%) of which were infected cases.Respiratory tract infection was the main site of both healthcare-associated infection and community-associated infection (39.17% and 45.98%, respectively).The average days of glycopeptide antibiotic use were 6.06 day (4 403/727).Patients who used glycopeptide antibiotics were mainly from intensive care unit, department of oncology, and department of neurosurgery, accounting for 20.36%(n=148) , 12.10%(n=88), and 11.14%(n=81) respectively.Glycopeptide was used in 338 patients(46.49%),the average types of combined use was 4.43, triple and above was used in 99 patients(13.62%),combination of the second generation cephalosporins was the highest(20.48%).450(61.90%) patients used vancomycin, 260(35.76%)used teicoplanin,17(2.34%)used both vancomycin and teicoplanin.A total of 847 pathogenic strains were isolated, the major were Acinetobacter baumannii (n=111, 13.10%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=80, 9.45%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=68, 8.03%), and Staphylococcus aureus (n=54 , 6.37%), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was 50 strains.490 (67.40%) patients treated with glycopeptide antibiotics were effective.Of 727 patients, 86 (11.83%) used antibiotics rationally, 315(43.33%) basically rational,and 326 (44.84%) irrationally.Conclusion Application of glycopeptide antibiotics in this hospital is basically rational, but indications should be paid attention.

20.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 659-664, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497447

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation and existing problems in the training of healthcare-asso-ciated infection(HAI)management,and provide scientific basis for strengthening the management of HAI preven-tion and control system.Methods A questionnaire survey was adopted to investigate situation of training on HAI in 15 provincial-level HAI training agencies in China during the past 30 years,and basic condition of training on HAI management in recent 5 years.Results Among 15 provincial-level training agencies,66.67%(n=10)were respon-sible by HAI management quality control centers,80.00% have already conducted training in each city,53.33%carried out training for 10 to 20 times,33.34% performed training for ≤2 times per year.Of 33 728 trainees in 2011-2015,41.30% were 41-50 years old,61.82% were nursing staff,50.56% had bachelor degree,43.96%were with the intermediate professional title.Most trainers were HAI prevention and control experts in their respec-tive province,accounting for 68.07%,the curriculums were mainly designed on professional course,and only 26.78% were involved in management.Conclusion Professional structure of HAI management personnel is not reasonable,faculty is imbalance,knowledge update is lacking,and HAI training and education system need to be improved further.

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