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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1645-1648, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922309

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with POEMS syndrome and explore its effective treatment strategies.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 75 patients with POEMS syndrome treated in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2012 to June 2018 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics, treatment regimes and outcomes of the patients were summarized.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 75 diagnosed patients was 50 (30-81) years old and 100% (75/75) of the patients were accompanied with peripheral neuropathy, 77.3% (58/75) with organ enlargement, 82.7% (62/75) with endocrine abnormality, 93.3% (70/75) with monoclonal plasma cell diseases and 64.0% (48/75) with skin changes. Among the 75 patients, 5 cases gave up treatment, while the others showed varying degrees of improvement after treatment. The hematological complete remission (CR@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical manifestations of POEMS syndrome are complex and diverse, the clinicians therefore should be vigilant to reduce the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. Bortezomib or Lenalidomide can be recommended as the first-line medicines and autologous HSCT should be considered for appropriate patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Lenalidomide , Middle Aged , POEMS Syndrome/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1606-1609, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of serum protein ROCK2 in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The patients were divided into cGVHD group and control group (without cGVHD). The expression levels of serum protein ROCK2 were detected by ELISA in patients with or without cGVHD after allo-HSCT.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of ROCK2 in serum of cGVHD patients was significantly higher than those in control group, moreover, the expression level of ROCK2 in severe cGVHD group was significant higher than that in moderate and mild cGVHD group (P<0.001). The expression level of ROCK2 was significantly decreased in the serum of cGVHD patients after treatment(P<0.01); the expression level of ROCK2 was significantly higher in the serum of cGVHD patients with lung as the target organ(P<0.01). The median survival time of patients with severe cGVHD were significantly shorter than that of patients with mild and moderate cGVHD(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ROCK2 shows certain reference value in the evaluation of severity and prognosis of cGVHD, and may be a new target for the treatment of cGVHD.


Subject(s)
Blood Proteins , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Transplantation, Homologous , rho-Associated Kinases
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the gene mutational spectrum between elderly and young adults with acute myeloid leukemia(AML) based on next generation sequencing(NGS).@*METHODS@#The specimens of 250 AML patients in first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to November 2018 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The mutation of 22 related genes were detected by using AML NGS chips. Then, the differences between elderly (≥60 years old) and young adults (<60 years old) were compared.@*RESULTS@#The most frequent mutations of 250 patients were as follows: NPM1(22.4%), FLT3-ITD(18.8%), NRAS(17.2%), DNMT3A(14.4%), TET2(11.6%), IDH2(9.6%), Biallelic CEBPA(8.8%), Moallelic CEBPA(8.4%), KIT(8.4%), RUNX1(7.6%), IDH1(7.6%), ASXL1(6.0%), U2AF1(5.2%), SRSF2 (3.2%), SF3B1(3.2%), TP53(2.4%), KRAS(2.0%). The NPM1, CEBPA, DNMT3A mutation significantly increased in intermediate prognosis group while KIT significantly increased in favourable prognosis group. The TET2 and IDH2 mutation rate in elderly patients were significantly higher than that in young patients (21.8% vs 8.7%) (χ=7.180, P=0.007) and (20.0% vs 6.7%) ( χ=8.788, P=0.003) respectively. Compared with young patients, the frequencies of DNA methylation and demethylation mutations (including DNMT3A, TET2, IDH1, IDH2) and RNA splicing enzyme mutations (inc-luding SRSF2, SF3B1, U2AF1, ZRSR2) in elderly patients significantly increased(67.3% vs 36.4%) (χ=16.653, P=0.000) and (23.6% vs 8.7%)(χ=9.041, P=0.003) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The gene mutational spectrum in elderly and young adult AML shows heterogeneity. Compared with young adults, the frequencies of DNA methylation and demethylation mutations and RNA splicing enzyme mutations in elderly patients significantly increase.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigated the clinical and pathological characteristics of related-renal damage in patients with POEMS syndrome.@*METHODS@#Five patients diagnosed as POEMS syndrome in our hospital were selected. Their clinical manifestation, pathological characteristics of kidney and laboratory examination were analyzed retrospectively. Among the 5 patients, three males and two females with a median age of 50 years old. The mean interval before diagnosis was 13.0±7.2 months.@*RESULTS@#All the patients showed neuropathy, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasma cell-proliferative disorder, skin changes and extravascular volume overload, in which 4 patients showed organomegaly. Proteinuria was found in 5 patients, and microhematuria was found in 4 patients. Moreover, 4 patients showed an elevated blood urea, while 2 patients showed creatinine elevation. 1 patient at chronic kidney disease (CKD)-G1 stage, 2 patients at CKD-G2 stage, and 1 patient at CKD-G3b stage, moreover, 1 patient at CKD-G5 stage. Endothelial injury and mesangial lesion were the main characteristics of renal pathology. 3 patients were pathologically diagnosed as thrombotic microangiopathy kidney damage, while 2 patients as light chain amyloidosis.@*CONCLUSION@#POEMS syndrome is a multi-systemic disease with complex clinical manifestations. 5 patients had different degrees of renal insufficiency. Endothelial injury and mesangial lesion are the main features of renal pathology.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Kidney , Male , Middle Aged , POEMS Syndrome , Paraproteinemias , Renal Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1880-1884, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of CD123 in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its relationship between clinical features, concomitant fusion gene or gene mutation, efficacy and prognosis.@*METHODS@#365 patients with newly diagnosed AML (except M3) treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled and retrospective analysis, and multi-parameter flow cytometry was performed to detect the expression of CD123 in myeloid leukemia cell population. CD123≥20% was defined as positive. Clinical features, concomitant fusion gene or gene mutation, efficacy and prognosis of CD123@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of CD123 in 365 newly diagnosed AML patients was 38.9%. Compared with the CD123@*CONCLUSION@#CD123 positive indicates that AML patients have higher tumor burden and are more difficult to reach remission. It is an independent risk factor for OS and EFS in patients with normal karyotype and intermediate risk, which is important to evaluate the prognosis of patients with AML without specific prognostic marker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Patients , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1791-1795, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879973

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics of gene mutation in adult ALL and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 134 primary adult ALL patients and DNA sequencing results of 16 kinds of gene mutation were collected. The characteristic of gene mutation and clinical significances were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 31 cases of 134 ALL cases (23.13%) the gene mutations were detected as follows: 19 cases of 114 B-ALL cases (16.67%), 11 cases of 19 T-ALL cases (57.89%) and 1 case of T/B-ALL. The incidence of T-ALL gene mutation was significantly higher than that of B-ALL (χ@*CONCLUSION@#There may be multiple gene mutations in adult ALL patients. IL7R and NOTCH1 are the most common gene mutations and NOTCH1 mutation may indicate poor prognosis. Detection of gene mutations is helpful to understand the pathogenesis of ALL and evaluate the prognosis of adult ALL patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Mutation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Receptor, Notch1/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the reversal effect of pioglitazone (PIO) on multidrug resistance in K562/ADR cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The proliferation inhibition rate, half inhibition concentration (IC) and drug-resistance reversal multipe were detected and the curve of proliferation inhibition rate was drawn by MTT assay, the transcription of PPARγ, CYP2C8 and CYP2J2 genes was detected by RT-PCR; the expression of PPARγ, CYP2C8 and CYP2J2 proteins was detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The IC of PIO on K562 and K562/ADR cells for 60 h was 326.7 μmol/L and 349.1 μmol/L respectively. The reversal multiple of 30 μmol/L PIO on ADR-resistance of K562/ADR cells was 6.4. After treatment of K562/ADR cells with PIO, the transcription of CYP2C8 and CYP2J2 and the protein expression of CYP2C8 and CYP2J2 significantly decreased, the transcription of PPARγ gene and the expression of PPARγ protein were not changed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pioglitazone can reverse the adriamycin-resistance in K562/ADR cells that is closely related to the decrease of protein expression of CYP2C8 and CYP2J2. Pioglitazone is an effective multidrug resistance reversal agent for tumors.


Subject(s)
Doxorubicin , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , K562 Cells , Pioglitazone
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1765-1772, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771162

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (SCT) is a well-established immunotherapeutic strategy for multiple myeloma (MM) with a potent and often sustained graft-vs.-myeloma effect. This multicenter investigation aimed to analyze the complications and survival of haploidentical SCT in patients with MM, and compare the main outcomes with matched-related donors (MRDs).@*METHODS@#Haploidentical and MRD SCT was identified from a cohort of 97 patients with MM who received a myeloablative transplantation in 13 hospitals from May 2001 to December 2017. A matched-pair analysis was designed. For each haplo recipient, the recipients were randomly selected from the MRD group and were matched according to the following criteria: year of the hematopoietic SCT (±2 years), disease status at transplantation, and the length of follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Seventy cases received MRD and 27 received haploidentical transplantation. The two groups showed no significant differences regarding age, gender, cytogenetic risk, and diagnostic stage. The cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 1 and 3 years based on donor type were 20.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 10.90-30.10%) and 24.2% (95% CI, 13.81-34.59%) for the MRD group and 16.80% (95% CI, 1.71-31.89%) and 28.70% (95% CI, 8.71-48.69%) for the haplo group, respectively. Cumulative incidence of NRM did not differ significantly between the two groups (χ = 0.031, P = 0.861). The cumulative incidences of progression-free survival (PFS) and 1 year and 3 years by type of donors were 59.8% (95% CI, 48.24-71.36%) and 45.4% (95% CI, 33.44-57.36%), and 65.6% (95% CI, 47.18-84.02%) and 26.8% (95% CI, 7.59-46. 01%) for MRD and haploidentical donor, respectively. Cumulative incidence of PFS did not differ significantly between the two groups (χ = 0.182, P = 0.670). In multivariate analyses, no statistically significant differences were observed between haploidentical and MRD for relapse, NRM, PFS, and overall survival. There were no statistically differences on main outcomes after haploidentical and MRD.@*CONCLUSION@#Haploidentical SCT could be performed safely and feasibly for patients with MM in need.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the changes of autophagic activity after resistance of U266 cells to bortezomib (Bor) and its mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The proliferation inhibition rate, 50% inhibitory concentration (IC), drug-resistance coefficient, drug-resistance reversed multiple by 3-methyladenine (3-MA) in U266 and U266/Bor cells treated with Bor were detected and calculated by using MTT method, then the proliferation inhibition curve was drawed. The Western blot was used to detect the expression of LC3-I, IC3-II, p-mTOR, Beclin-1, ATG5 and ATG7 proteins.@*RESULTS@#The Bor showed the its proliferation inhibition effect on U266 cells and U266/Bor cells, IC of Bor on U266 and U266/Bor cells on 24 hours were 35.7 nmol/L and 526.5 nmol/L respectively; the drug-resistance coefficient was 14.7; the drug-resistance reversed multiple by 3-MA was 2.7. The expression of LC3-II, Beclin11, ATG5 and ATG7 in U266/Bor cells was higher than that in U266 cells; after the treatment with Bor for 24 h, the expression levels of LC3-II, Beclin-1, ATG5 and ATG7 in U266 cells all decreased, as compared with levels before treatment; while the expression levels of LC3-II, Beclin-1, ATG5 and ATG7 in U266/Bor cells were higher than those before treatment. There were no significant difference of p-mTOR expression among U266, U266+Bor, U266/Bor, U266/Bor+Bor cells.@*CONCLUSION@#The increase of autophagy closely relates with resistance of U266 cells to bortezomib, moreover with up-regulation of Beclin-1, ATG5 and ATG7 expression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Bortezomib , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1765-1772, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802695

ABSTRACT

Background@#Allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (SCT) is a well-established immunotherapeutic strategy for multiple myeloma (MM) with a potent and often sustained graft-vs.-myeloma effect. This multicenter investigation aimed to analyze the complications and survival of haploidentical SCT in patients with MM, and compare the main outcomes with matched-related donors (MRDs).@*Methods@#Haploidentical and MRD SCT was identified from a cohort of 97 patients with MM who received a myeloablative transplantation in 13 hospitals from May 2001 to December 2017. A matched-pair analysis was designed. For each haplo recipient, the recipients were randomly selected from the MRD group and were matched according to the following criteria: year of the hematopoietic SCT (±2 years), disease status at transplantation, and the length of follow-up.@*Results@#Seventy cases received MRD and 27 received haploidentical transplantation. The two groups showed no significant differences regarding age, gender, cytogenetic risk, and diagnostic stage. The cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 1 and 3 years based on donor type were 20.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 10.90–30.10%) and 24.2% (95% CI, 13.81–34.59%) for the MRD group and 16.80% (95% CI, 1.71–31.89%) and 28.70% (95% CI, 8.71–48.69%) for the haplo group, respectively. Cumulative incidence of NRM did not differ significantly between the two groups (χ2 = 0.031, P = 0.861). The cumulative incidences of progression-free survival (PFS) and 1 year and 3 years by type of donors were 59.8% (95% CI, 48.24–71.36%) and 45.4% (95% CI, 33.44–57.36%), and 65.6% (95% CI, 47.18–84.02%) and 26.8% (95% CI, 7.59–46. 01%) for MRD and haploidentical donor, respectively. Cumulative incidence of PFS did not differ significantly between the two groups (χ2 = 0.182, P = 0.670). In multivariate analyses, no statistically significant differences were observed between haploidentical and MRD for relapse, NRM, PFS, and overall survival. There were no statistically differences on main outcomes after haploidentical and MRD.@*Conclusion@#Haploidentical SCT could be performed safely and feasibly for patients with MM in need.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689542

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of long non coding RNA RP11-69I8.3 in acute leukemia and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 expression was detected by RT-PCR in bone marrow samples from 17 healthy controls, 32 newly diagnosed AML patients and 32 newly diagnosed ALL patients, and 25 ALL patients of complete remission after chemotherapy. Meanwhile, the clinical data were collected and the relation of lncRNA RP11-6918.3 expression with the clinical characteristics was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in AML group(P>0.05). lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 lowly expressed in untreated ALL group(P=0.001). Compared with the de novo ALL group, lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 was highly expressed in complete remission ALL group (P<0.013). In 32 de novo ALL patients,the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in children was significantly lower than that in adult(P=0.017). There was no correlation of the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 with the sex, WBC count, HB level, Plt count, LDH level, T or B type, ratio of bone marrow blast cell, BCR/ABL and WT1 fusion gene expression, chromosome karyotype, extramedullary infiltration, whether complete remission after one chemotherapy, whether relapse. In 26 B-ALL patients, there was no correlation between lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 and the immunophenotype.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in the untreated AML is not significantly different from the control group. lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 is low expressed in ALL group, highly expressed in ALL group with complete remission. In untreated ALL, the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in children is significantly lower than that in adult. In B-ALL patients, the lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 is not relevant with the immunophenotype.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Humans , Leukemia , RNA, Long Noncoding
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698554

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recurrence of acute leukemia after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is one of the major problems affecting the long-term survival of patients. Early intervention to prevent ALL recurrence after transplantation can improve disease-free survival, overall survival and reduce post-transplant mortality. Monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry and PCR-based molecular biology techniques is a widely reliable and practicable method. OBJECTIVE: To dynamically monitor the MRD level of acute lymphoblastic leukemia after peripheral blood haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and to explore its implications for predicting early relapse. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 53 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who had underwgone peripheral blood haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2011 to June 2017. The patients were followed up for postoperative 1, 3, 6, 12 months to observe the relation between MRD levels and relapse after transplantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The disease-free survival rate of MRD positive group and MRD negative group were 20.0% and 65.8%, respectively; and the overall survival rates were 50.8% and 68.9% in the two groups, respectively. There were significant differences between two groups. (2) Among 16 MRD positive patients accepting clinical intervention after transplantation, 4 patients presented with MRD negative and had no recurrence. (3) Eleven hematologic recurrence patients were given tyrosine kinase inhibitor-targeted therapy, chemotherapy, donor lymphocytes Infusion and secondary transplantation, but they eventually died. The median time from the discovery of MRD positive to hematologic recurrence was 100 (7-190) days, and during this period. Clinical intervention was confirmed to extend the recurrence time. In this study, one case refused clinical intervention, and eventually died of recurrence. Our findings indicate that dynamic monitoring of the MRD level in acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients after peripheral blood haploidentical transplantation can predict recurrence, by which the patients can be given early intervention to reduce the risk of recurrence and improve disease-free survival and overall survival.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698435

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In recent years, genetic haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation has been gradually improved, and haploid allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has become an important treatment choice for malignant hematopoietic disease. OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of genetic haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome. METHODS: The clinical data of 21 myelodysplastic syndrome cases undergoing genetic haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Modified BU/CY+ATG administration was performed as a pretreatment strategy for haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, and the combined use of cyclosporine A+mycophenolate mofetil+short-range methotrexate±basiliximab was adopted to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The 21 cases were followed for an median of 333 days (22-1 222 days), with 76% (16/21) infection of granulocyte lack period, 100% (21/21) neutrophil reconstruction, the median implantation time of 12 days (7-17 days), 81% (17/21) platelet engraftment, and the median implantation time of 14 days (7-68 days). (2) The accumulative incidence of GVHD was 52.4% (11/21), including 29% (6/21) of acute GVHD and 24% (5/21) of chronic GVHD. The incidence of hemorrhagic cystitis was 38.1% (8/21). The recurrence rate after transplantation was 4.8% (1/21). (3) The 2-year non-relapse mortality was 48% (10/21), and the 2-year disease-free survival rate was 46.8%. These results show that in the absence of HLA-identical related donors and unrelated donor, genetic haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation is a safe, effective, feasible and alternative treatment option for myelodysplastic syndrome.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278725

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of long-chain non-coding RNA RP11-87C12.5 in acute lymphocytic leukemia and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>LncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression was detected by RT-PCR in bone marrow samples from 17 control group, 33 newly diagnosed ALL patients and 26 complete remission ALL patients after chemotherapy, at the same time the clinical data were collected and the clinical significance of IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with control group, lncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression increased in newly diagnosed ALL group (P=0.021); compared with newly diagnosed ALL group, IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression decreased in complete remission ALL group (P=0.039). lncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression in newly diagnosed ALL group did not relate with sex, age, T or B type, WBC count, Hb level, Plt count, LDH level, bone marrow blast ratio, BCR/ABL fusion gene expression, chomosome karyotypes, WT1 gene, extrameanllary infiltration or no,complete remission or no after one chemotherapy and relapse or no. In 27 cases of ALL, IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression significantly increased in cCD79a low expression group, compared with cCD79a high expression group (P=0.004). IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 expression did not relate with other CD molecules of immunoclassification.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of LncRNA RP11-87C12.5 is high in newly diagnosed ALL group and low in complete remission ALL group. In B-ALL, the expression of IncRNA RP11-87C12.5 significantly enhances in cCD79a low expression group. In newly diagnosed ALL group, compared with low expression group, lncRNA RP11-87C12.5 high expression group have higer remission rate and relapse rate, but the difference was not statistically significant.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360090

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the CD25 expression in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 168 newly diagnosed AML patients (except APL) were collected. The expression of CD25 in AML patients and its clinical characteristics were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The leukemia cells of 29 out of 168 cases (17.26%) expressed CD25 antigen. Most of CD25 positive AML patients were occurred in patients with unfavourable or normal karyotype, higher WBC and Plt count at diagnosis and higher percentage of blasts in peripheral blood and bone marrow. Compared with CD25(-) AML patients, CD25(+) AML patients had lower CR rate (the CR rate of 1 course of treatment were 49.02% and 16.00%, respectively, P < 0.05, the CR rate of 2 courses of treatment were 74.60% and 46.67%, respectively, P < 0.05), and the OS time of CD25(+) AML patients were obviously shorter (P < 0.05). The OS in CD25(+) AML patients with unfavorable karyotype were not significantly different from that in patients with intermediate karyotype (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CD25(+) AML patients have some typical clinical features, and the expression of CD25 in AML is an risk factor independent of the chromosome karyotype in terms of low complete remission rate and short survival time.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Humans , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Genetics , Metabolism , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Metabolism , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360064

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) combined with renal amyloidosis and its curative efficacy and prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 22 cases of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma combined with renal amyloidosis treated in our hospital from November 2011 to July 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to Intenational Staging System (ISS), among above-menthioned 22 patients the ISS II accounted for 77.2% (17/22), ISS III accounted for 22.8% (5/22). The patients with renal impairment accounted for 36.4% (8/22), with anemia 40.9% (9/22), with serum album < 35 g/L 86.4% (19/22), with urinary protein positive 100% (22/22). The evaluation of the curative efficacy of the 22 cases was as follows: CR 13.6% (3/22); VGPR 4.5% (1/22); PR 22.8% (5/22); SD 45.5% (10/22); PD 13.6% (3/22). Out of 9 patients with effective treatment, 3 cases (3/9, 33.3%) achieved "improved" in renal amyloidosis, 4 cases (4/9, 44.5%) achieved stable in renal amyloidosis, 2 cases (2/9, 2%) achieved "worsened" in renal amyloidosis. Among 17 cases who were followed up, 7 cases died, 10 cases survived, the average duration of follow-up for these cases was 11 (1-37) months, the median overall survival (OS) time was 19 (95% CI 9.2-28.8) months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MM with renal amyloidosis is rare, refractory and has a poor prognosis. Whether there is impairment of kidney function or not, renal amyloidosis shall be taken into consideration if the MM patients got massive proteinuria especially nephritic syndrome. Bortezomib may improve the curative efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Amyloidosis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Bortezomib , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Proteinuria , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360061

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical features of multiple myeloma with different renal pathology, and to evaluate its prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical features and prognosis of 46 multiple myeloma patients with different renal pathology were analyzed retrospectively. According to renal pathology, the 46 patients were divided into 3 groups: cast nephropathy (24 cases), amyloidosis (15 cases) and other type (7 cases).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>By durie-Salmon staging system, 70.8% cases (17/24) in the cast nephropathy group were in Phase III, 90.9% (20/24) were in subtype B, while in amyloidosis group 53.3% (8/15) were in Phase I, 40% (6/15) were in subtype B, and in other types group, 71.4% (5/7) were in phase III, 57.1% (4/7) were in subtype B, the differences among them were statisticaily significant (P < 0.05). In cast nephropathy group, the monoclonal immunoglobulin could not be detected in 75% (18/24) cases, which was light chain type, while immunoglobulin in amyloidosis and other type groups were mainly IgG type in 73.3% (11/15) and 71.4% (5/7) respectively, the difference among them also was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The median survival time of patients in cast nephropathy group was 11 months, while that in amyloidosis and other type groups was 19 and 18 months, the differences among 3 groups were not significant (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In renal pathologic types, the cast nephropathy is the most common, followed by amylordosis. The multiple mycloma patients with defferent renal pathology show different clinical features. The multiple myeloma patients with renal amyloidosis have slighter clinical manifestations possibly with a better prognosis. Meanwhile, the non-amyloidosis types, especially cast nephropathy may predict a more serious manifications with poor prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Amyloidosis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Humans , Kidney , Pathology , Kidney Diseases , Diagnosis , Pathology , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1143-1148, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246801

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical characteristics of cytomegalovirus(CMV) infection after allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT) and the effect of preemptive therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 134 patients who underwent allo-HSCT from March 2010 to March 2015 in the Department of Hematology of our hospital were enrolled in this study. The CMV infection rate, the median time of CMV infection occurence, and the risk factors for CMV infection after allo-HSCT, the response rate of preemptive treatment and the median time of CMV-DNA turning negative were analyzed. Five-year overall survival rate was compared between the patients with or without CMV infection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of CMV viremia was 55.2%(74/134), and the median time for the CMV with CMV-DNA positive for the first time was 34 days(14-283) after allo-HSCT.Both univariate and multivariate analysis showed that the thymoglobulin(ATG) used in conditioning regimen and Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade of aGVHD were the risk factors for CMV viremia. After preemptive treatment the 85.1% of patient with CMV viremia turned negative, and the median time of CMV-DNA turning negative were 15 days(5-82), only 2 patients died of CMV pneumonia. Five-year overall survival rate of the patients with or wihout CMV viremia was 49% and 66.3% respectively, and the difference between the 2 groups was significant(P=0.041).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ATG used in conditioning regimen and Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade of aGVHD may increase the incidence of CMV infection after allo-HSCT, and the preemptive thrapy can effectively prevent the CMV viremia turning to CMV disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Antilymphocyte Serum , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Incidence , Risk Factors , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1312-1318, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246769

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of N-cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells derived from acute leukemia patients and its clinical significances.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 113 patients with acute leukemia were enrolled in this study. Flow cytometry was employed to detect the expression of N-Cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells from acute leukemia patients and the relationships between the N-cadherin expression and the clinical characteristics of patients with acute leukemia were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of N-Cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells deriveted from patients with acute leukemia was variable with 0%-99.7%. For adult AML patients, the positive rate of CD34 in N-cadheringroup was significantly higher than that in N-cadheringroup(67.39% vs 33.33%)(P=0.013), while the differences of total CR rate and rate of CR after 1 cycle of induction treatment were not significant between these 2 groups(P>0.05). As to ALL patients, N-cadheringroup had significant lower WBC count (21.31±7.07 vs 51.10±23.69)(P=0.008) and lower percentage of peripheral blood blast (43.22±5.75% vs 66.45±5.65%)(P=0.015). The CR rate after 1 cycle of induction treatment and rate of overall CR were lower and the relapse rate was higher in N-cadherinALL group than those in N-cadherinALL group, but the differences were not significant (P>0.05). For childhood ALL, the positive rate of CD33 in N-cadheringroup was significantly higher than that in N-cadheringroup(47.62% vs 0%)(P=0.012). The relapse rate was higher in N-cadheringroup than that in N-cadheringroup (30.00% vs 0%)(P=0.115). The median survival time, 3-year overall OS rate and 3-year relapse-free survival rate in N-cadheringroups of adult AML, non-M3 AML, ALL and chidhood ALL paients were superior to N-cadheringroups, but the differences were not significant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of N-cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells relates to some clinical features of patients with acute leukemia and to some extent has inferior effect on survival of patients with acute leukemia.</p>

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1044-1048, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274096

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of N-Cadherin in the patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and to explore its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 64 patients with multiple myeloma were enrolled in this study. The expression of N-Cadherin in bone marrow CD38⁺/CD138⁺ cells from multiple myeloma patients was detected by flow cytometry. The relationship between N-Cadherin expression and clinical prognostic factors was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 64 cases of MM, the expression of N-Cadherin in 17 patients (26.56%) was high (> 20%), while that in 47 cases (73.44%) was low (< 20%); The differences of N-Cadherin expression in disease staging and classification, known prognostic factors, myeloma cell antigen expression and bone damage between patients with high and low N-Cadherin expression were not statistically different; the difference N-Cadherin expression in genetic abnormalities such as D13S319 deletion, RB1 deletion and IGH gene rearrangement between above-methioned two groups was not significant. The 1q21 amplification rate in the group with high expression of N-Cadherin was enhanced significently; the overall survival (OS) times of patients with abnormally high and low expression levels of N-Cadherin were 26.7 months and 55.5 months respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The high expression of N-Cadherin in multiple myeloma may be one of the indicator for poor prognosis of MM, which may be related with 1q21 amplification.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Bone and Bones , Cadherins , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
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