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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 205-212, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906442

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese medicinal formulae in the treatment of antimicrobial-resistant pneumonia. Method:Following article retrieval from eight databases and data extraction by two reviewers, the methodological quality of the included trials was assessed and the outcome indicators were subjected to Meta-analysis using RevMan 5.3. Result:A total of 24 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included, involving 1 818 cases. Meta-analysis showed that Chinese medicinal formulae combined with western routine intervention was superior to the western routine intervention in improving the overall response rate (ORR) [relative risk (RR)=1.27, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.21, 1.34), <inline-formula><alternatives><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M5"><mml:mi>P</mml:mi></mml:math><graphic specific-use="big" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/27038DAF-2FF7-4d58-8001-0E6465A33408-M005.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="2.28600001" height="2.62466669"?></graphic><graphic specific-use="small" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/27038DAF-2FF7-4d58-8001-0E6465A33408-M005c.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="2.28600001" height="2.62466669"?></graphic></alternatives></inline-formula><0.000 01], the bacterial clearance rate [RR=1.49,95% CI (1.33, 1.66), <inline-formula><alternatives><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M6"><mml:mi>P</mml:mi></mml:math><graphic specific-use="big" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/27038DAF-2FF7-4d58-8001-0E6465A33408-M006.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="2.28600001" height="2.62466669"?></graphic><graphic specific-use="small" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/27038DAF-2FF7-4d58-8001-0E6465A33408-M006c.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="2.28600001" height="2.62466669"?></graphic></alternatives></inline-formula><0.000 01], and the clinical pulmonary infection score (CPIS) [mean difference (MD)=-1.64, 95% CI (-1.87, -1.41), <inline-formula><alternatives><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M7"><mml:mi>P</mml:mi></mml:math><graphic specific-use="big" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/27038DAF-2FF7-4d58-8001-0E6465A33408-M007.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="2.28600001" height="2.62466669"?></graphic><graphic specific-use="small" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/27038DAF-2FF7-4d58-8001-0E6465A33408-M007c.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="2.28600001" height="2.62466669"?></graphic></alternatives></inline-formula><0.000 01]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions [RR=0.72, 95% CI (0.48, 1.07),<inline-formula><alternatives><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M8"><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>P</mml:mi></mml:math><graphic specific-use="big" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/27038DAF-2FF7-4d58-8001-0E6465A33408-M008.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="3.04799986" height="2.62466669"?></graphic><graphic specific-use="small" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/27038DAF-2FF7-4d58-8001-0E6465A33408-M008c.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="3.04799986" height="2.62466669"?></graphic></alternatives></inline-formula>=0.1]. The comparison with the western routine intervention also revealed that Chinese medicinal formulae better improved the ORR and CPIS. Conclusion:According to the current research results, the Chinese medicinal formulae alone or combined with western routine intervention yielded more favorable clinical outcomes than western routine intervention in the treatment of antimicrobial-resistant pneumonia, without increasing the incidence of adverse events. Due to limited quality and quantity of the included RCTs, more high-quality trials are required to verify the above conclusions.

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1166-1170, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879373

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical outcome of tibiotalocalcaneal fusion using cannulated screw and humeral proximal locking plate inverted fixation through a lateral transfibular approach.@*METHODS@#From June 2015 to December 2018, 15 patients underwent a tibiotalocalcaneal fusion operation using cannulated screw and inverted proximal humerus locking plate through a transfibular approach. There were 10 males and 5 females with the age ranging from 45 to 72 (58.9±6.1) years, and the course of disease ranged from 2 to 35 (11.9±7.9)years. Preoperative diagnosis included 8 cases of post traumatic arthritis, 2 cases of Charcot arthritis, 2 cases of Charcot-Marie -Tooth (CMT), 1 case of ankle tuberculosis, 1 case of talar necrosis, and 1 case of pigmented villonnodular synovitis. Among them, 8 patients were combined with simple varus deformity, 4 patients with simple valgus deformity, 2 patients with equinovarus deformity, 1 patient with equinovarus deformity, 2 patients with adduction and internal rotation of middle and forefoot. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hindfoot score and the visual analogue scale (VAS) score were used to evaluate the clinical outcome at the last follow up.@*RESULTS@#One lost follow up and remaining fourteen patients were followed up. The follow up time ranged from 10 to 25(16.6±4.3) months. All the 15 patients had primary healing. Fusion time ranged from 15 to 24 (16.8 ± 2.4) weeks after operation. One patient with diabetes experienced delayed union and was successfully treated with secondary bone grafting combined with Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) injection. The AOFAS score increased from 38.7±3.3 to 84.5±2.6 (@*CONCLUSION@#Tibiotalocalcaneal fusion used cannulated screw and humeral proximal locking plate inverted fixation through a lateral transfibular approach has the advantages of relatively simple technique, high fusion rate, especially for patients with posterior foot deformity, which has satisfactory short term effects.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Ankle Joint , Arthrodesis , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Humerus , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 228-234, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873076

ABSTRACT

The discovery of penicillin has effectively controlled the infection caused by Gram-positive bacteria. Afterwards, the research and development of antibacterial drugs has entered the golden age, and made a great contribution to human health. However, in recent years, with the increasing use of antibiotics around the world, pathogenic bacteria drive gene mutation to obtain drug resistance to ensure its survival advantage, and promote the transfer of drug-resistant genes, resulting in a sharp increase of drug-resistant bacteria. In addition, the current development speed of new antibiotics is far slower than the growth and spread speed of drug-resistant bacteria, which makes the drug-resistant crisis more serious and becomes one of the biggest threats to the global community. Compared with the same type of bacterial infection, drug-resistant bacterial infection has the characteristics of complexity and refractoriness, which causes worse clinical outcome and higher risk of death in patients, and brings severe challenges to clinical work. If the trend of bacterial drug resistance is not controlled, the crisis of no drug available will come. Therefore, it is urgent to explore effective alternative means to fight against bacterial drug resistance and reduce the harm of drug-resistant bacterial infection. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has unique advantages in the treatment of infectious diseases. Compared with modern antibacterial drugs, it has the characteristics of wide sources, rich active ingredients, and is not easy to produce drug resistance. It may be an important source for screening and developing new anti-infective drugs. Therefore, it is promising to develop and utilize TCM to solve the problem of drug-resistant bacteria infection. This paper will review relevant studies in recent years in terms of interfering with the biochemical metabolism of drug-resistant bacteria to directly inhibit or kill drug-resistant bacteria, improving bacterial drug resistance to indirectly inhibit bacteria and kill bacteria, and maintaining the balance of the body and regulating the treatment of drug-resistant bacteria infection as a whole, so as to provide references for guiding clinical medication and research and development of new traditional Chinese medicines.

4.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 323-329, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879295

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to determine which parameters in transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) are more likely to be affected when applied in a critical care setting with mechanical ventilation.Methods Ninety mechanically ventilated ICU patients were enrolled into the study group. The control group consisted of 90 patients who underwent interventional therapy. All patients had bedside TTE for parametric measurements including the right ventricular size, septal kinetics and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by eyeballing (visual assessment), the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) by M-mode sonography, the right ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral (RVOT VTI) and left ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral (LVOT VTI) by pulse-Doppler, the right ventricular fraction of area change (FAC) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF Simpson) by endocardium tracing. We compared the differences in the frequency of optimal image acquisition in assessments of these parameters between the two groups, as well as the differences in acquisition rates of parameter measurements in ventilated ICU patients.Results There were significantly fewer patients in the study group than in the control group who had optimal images acquisitions for parameter assessments with M-mode method, pulse Doppler method and endocardium-tracing method (

5.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 310-313, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754563

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Kuanxiong Lifei decoction on inflammatory factors in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and turbid phlegm obstructing lung syndrome. Methods Two hundred patients with AECOPD and turbid phlegm obstructing lung syndrome diagnosed by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) differentiation visiting four hospitals of Longhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai Seventh People's Hospital, Punan Hospital of Shanghai Pudong New Area, Gongli Hospital of Shanghai Pudong New Area were selected from May 2017 to March 2018, and they were divided into a test group and a control group by a random number table, 100 cases per group. The patients in the two groups were treated with routine western medicine according to the guidelines, and in the test group, additionally Kuanxiong Lifei decoction (components: pinellia ternate 15 g, allium macrostemon 12 g, ephedra 9 g, trichosanthes 30 g, poria cocos 15 g, almond 12 g, lumbricus 12 g, citrus peels 12 g, peach kernel 12 g , roasted licorice 6 g) was used for 10 days, the decoction was uniformly made by Chinese Medicine Pharmacy of Longhua Hospital, 1 dose daily, 2 times a day orally taken, warm 200 mL each time, 0.5 hours before or after meal. The efficacy was evaluated after treatment for 10 days. The level changes of white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophils (N), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) before and after treatment and the improvement of TCM syndrome scores and clinical efficacy were observed in two groups. Results After treatment, the levels of WBC, N, CRP, IL-8, TNF-α, TCM syndrome score of the patients in the two group were significantly decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P < 0.05), and the above indexes in the test group were all significantly lower than those in the control group after treatment [WBC (×109/L): 6.58±1.41 vs.7.44±1.85, N: 0.58±0.08 vs. 0.64±0.08, CRP (mg/L): 7.3±1.8 vs. 9.6±1.7, IL-8 (ng/L): 23.5±6.2 vs. 27.8±9.8, TNF-α (ng/L): 9.45±2.18 vs. 10.25±1.67, TCM syndrome total score: 4.0 (3.0, 8.0) vs. 8.0 (5.0, 10.0), all P < 0.05]. The total effective rate of the test group was significantly higher than that of the control group [88% (88/100) vs. 84% (84/100), P < 0.05]. Conclusion Kuanxiong Lifei decoction can significantly reduce lung inflammatory factors, ameliorate overall symptoms and improve the prognosis of AECOPD patients with turbid phlegm obstructing lung syndrome.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 533-537, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731859

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the ability of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography(SD-OCT)and slit lamp biomicroscopy to detect anterior segment findings in patients with closed globe injury.<p>METHODS: This is an observational, cross-sectional study. Sixteen patients with a closed globe injury were consecutively recruited from January 2010 to July 2015 in Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital. All patients underwent complete ophthalmic examination, including assessment of visual acuity, measurement of intraocular pressure using a noncontact tonometry, and slit lamp biomicroscopy. SD-OCT was used to examine the anterior segments of all injured eyes. Two patients had bilateral ocular injuries and received bilateral SD-OCT examinations. The OCT findings of the cornea, iris, anterior chamber and lens were recorded and compared with findings seen using slit lamp biomicroscopy.<p>RESULTS: All 18 eyes were examined by SD-OCT had hyphema occupying at least one-third of the anterior chamber volume. Sixteen eyes had corneal edema and corneal abrasion detected on both slit lamp biomicroscopy and OCT examination. OCT examination was also able to detect Descemet's membrane detachment(<i>n</i>=7), angle recession(<i>n</i>=6), lens subluxation(<i>n</i>=3)and iridodialysis(<i>n</i>=3).<p>CONCLUSION: SD-OCT was able to identify features of closed globe injury that were otherwise not visible on slit lamp biomicroscopy. SD-OCT may have advantages over clinical examination in cases of closed globe injury.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 214-223, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802290

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus complicated with cerebral infarction is the commonest and most serious vascular complication of diabetes mellitus. With a high disability and mortality rate, it seriously threatens human health. Because the pathogenesis is still unclear, more and more scholars have focused on the research of diabetic cerebral infarction at home and abroad. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compounds have a remarkable curative effect in the treatment of diabetic cerebral infarction. Its mechanisms of action mainly include anti-hypertension, reduction of blood sugar and lipid, promotion of vascular regeneration and vascular endothelial function, anticoagulation, anti-thrombosis, improvement of nerve function defect, reduction of infarct volume, improvement of hemorheological, inhibition of inflammation and platelet aggregation, and promotion of collateral circulation. Through literature search, this paper summarizes the research progress of the mechanisms of TCM compounds in treating diabetic cerebral infarction in recent five years at home and abroad, in order to provide reference for clinical treatment.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 532-536, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771705

ABSTRACT

Through the methods of polyamide resin, Sephadex LH-20, ODS column chromatography and preparative HPLC etc., 7 compounds were isolated from the 70% ethanol extract of the fruits of Xanthium chinense. Based on ESI-MS and NMR data, the structures of these compounds were identified as pungiolide O(1), grasshopper ketone(2), icariside F₂(3), 7-[(β-D-apiofuranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxymethy]-8,8-dimethyl-4,8-dihydrobenzo[1,4]thiazine-3,5-dione(4),(6R,9S)-3-oxo-α-ionol β-D-glucopyranoside(5), cryptochlorogenic acid methyl ester(6), and chlorogenic acid methyl ester(7). Among them, compound 1 is a new compound.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fruit , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals , Sesquiterpenes , Xanthium , Chemistry
9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1860-1862,1873, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733377

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the MSCT findings of pulmonary lymphoma,and improve its imaging diagnostic accuracy.Methods The MSCT findings of 14 patients with pathologically proven pulmonary lymphoma were reviewed retrospectively.Evaluated imaging findings included distribution position,number,shape,density and accompanying signs of the lesion.Results In 14 cases of pulmonary lymphoma,except for miliary shadow,there were 108 lesions,including small nodules,nodules,masses,consolidation,ground-glass density and meshlike shadow.Solitary lesions were founded in 2 and multiple lesions were founded in 12 of 14 cases,which the multiple lesions found in single lung in 3 cases,and multiple lesions found in both lungs in 9 cases.There were 24 lesions in 7 cases of pulmonary consolidation, including air bronchogram in 6 cases and bronchiectasis in 3 cases.There were 7 cases with masses,5 cases with nodules,5 cases with small nodules,2 cases with ground-glass density,2 cases with pulmonary interstitial changes,2 cases with CT angiogram sign,4 cases with pleural effusion and 3 cases with mediastinal or pulmonary hilar lymphadenopathy.Conclusion The mainly MSCT findings of pulmonary lymphoma was pulmonary consolidation with air bronchogram,or masses,or nodules,or multiple signs exist at the same time.The diagnosis is mainly based on histopathology.

10.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 4565-4570, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852438

ABSTRACT

Primary hypertension, known as one of the most common diseases of the time, is thought to be determined by the combined effect of several risk factors and stages, especially for the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. However, the mechanisms of genetic and environmental factors leading to the increased blood pressure are still not clear. Previous studies appear that Chinese materia medica (CMM) compound shows a good effect in the treatment of hypertension, its mechanisms for the action are mainly related to the activation of the rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), calcium antagonists, blood vessels dilation, the improvement of endothelial function, hemorheology, and insulin resistance. It may also relate to diuretic, the regulation of the blood lipids, AR, ER alpha, and the loss of weight, etc. Therefore, this review summarizes the research progress at home and abroad on the mechanisms of CMM compound in the treatment of hypertension in recent years, aiming to provide information for the clinical treatment of hypertension.

11.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 878-883, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693329

ABSTRACT

Objective To design and synthesize novel G protein-coupled lysophosphatidic acid 2(LPA2)receptor agonists with anti-radiation activity. Methods Nine new LPA2 receptor agonists(Ⅰ2-Ⅰ5 andⅡ1-Ⅱ5)were designed and synthesized using DBIBB as the lead compound. The anti-radiation activity was assayed by the MTS method using the human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC)irradiated with 8.0 Gy 60Coγray. Results and Conclusion Nine target compounds notreported in the literature were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by 1H NMR and MS. The results showed thatⅠ4 andⅡ1 have obvious anti-radiation ac-tivity,indicating that this kind of compounds is worth further studying.

12.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 749-752, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492389

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the CT and MRI performances of primary extragonadal seminoma .Methods The imaging find‐ings of primary extragonadal seminoma in 16 patients proved by histopathology were analyzed retrospectively .The tumor location , size ,contour ,periphery ,density or signal and contrast enhancement patterns were evaluated ,and these were compared with the pathological results .Results The lesions in 16 patients were solitary including the ovoid lesions in 6 and lobulated ones in 10 .They were located in intracranial area in 10 patients ,anterior middle mediastinum in 4 and abdomen in 2 .Mean size of the tumors was(7 .0 ± 5 .6) cm (ranging from 1 .3 cm to 18 .6 cm) .Unenhanced CT in 13 patients showed the soft tissue masses with necrosis in 8 ,stip‐pled calcification in 2 and hemorrhage in 2 .Enhanced CT in 6 patients showed homogeneity in 2 and heterogeneity in 4 ,and the de‐grees of enhancement increased gradually .The plain and enhanced MRI in 10 patients showed iso‐or slight hypointensity on T1WI and slight hyperintensity on T2 WI in 8 lesions ,heterogeneous enhancement in 7 and slight enhancement in one ,peripheral enhance‐ment in 2 due to central hemorrhage .Pathology showed most of the lesions were well‐vascularized with inner cystic change .Tumor stroma was divided by the fibrovascular tissue .Conclusion The imaging findings of primary extragonadal seminoma are not specific , CT ,MRI can demonstrate the invasive extent accurately .

13.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 415-419, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the expression of xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group G (XPG) gene in healthy Han population of different ages and to analysis the relationship between the mRNA and protein expression levels of XPG and age, which may provide a new molecular-biological indicator for forensic age determination.@*METHODS@#Total 150 samples of peripheral blood were collected from healthy Han population of different ages. Total RNA of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) were extracted by TRIzol method, and the relative expression of XPG mRNA in PBMC was detected by quantitative real-time PCR, and the protein expression levels of XPG in plasma were detected by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA and protein expression levels of XPG in ≤18 years old group were significantly different from 19-45 years old group and ≥46 years old group (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between 19-45 years old group and ≥46 years old group (P>0.05). No significant sex differences were observed in mRNA and protein expression levels of XPG (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The relative expression level of XPG mRNA in PBMC declines with the increase of age in younger age, while the protein expression level in plasma increases with age, and XPG gene can be used as one of new markers for forensic age estimation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Age Factors , Asian People , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Endonucleases/genetics , Forensic Genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transcription Factors/genetics
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 134-140, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305334

ABSTRACT

To study the in situ intestinal absorption of five oligosaccharides contained in Morinda officinalis How. (sucrose, kestose, nystose, 1F-Fructofuranosyinystose and Bajijiasu). The absorption of the five oligosaccharides in small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) and colon of rats and their contents were investigated by using in situ single-pass perfusion model and HPLC-ELSD. The effects of drug concentration, pH in perfusate and P-glycoprotein inhibitor on the intestinal absorption were investigated to define the intestinal absorption mechanism of the five oligosaccharides in rats. According to the results, all of the five oligosaccharides were absorbed in the whole intestine, and their absorption rates were affected by the pH of the perfusion solution, drug concentration and intestinal segments. Verapamil Hydrochloride could significantly increase the absorptive amount of sucrose and Bajijiasu, suggesting sucrose and Bajijiasu are P-gp's substrate. The five oligosaccharides are absorbed mainly through passive diffusion in the intestinal segments, without saturated absorption. They are absorbed well in all intestines and mainly in duodenum and jejunum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption , Intestine, Small , Metabolism , Morinda , Chemistry , Oligosaccharides , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Perfusion , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 254-258, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255039

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of p65 gene inhibited by siRNA on neuronic differentiation in the marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The MSCs were transfected with Rn-p65-siRNA. Fasudil hydrochloride induced MSCs differentiating into neurons. The non-transfected group and negative control group (transfected with negative control siRNA marked by Cy3) were used as controls. The fluorescence expressed by transfected MSCs were observed under inverted fluorescence microscope at 24 h,48 h and 72 h after transfected with negative control siRNA. The viability of MSCs was detected by MTT at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after transfected with Rn-p65-siRNA. The expressions of p65 mRNA and protein in MSCs were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively. The expressions of p65 protein, NSE, MAP-2 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were detected by immunocytochemical method after transfection for 6 h.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The fluorescence of MSCs was mostly displayed after transfection of 72 hours and the efficiency of transfection was up to 83.3% ± 3.8%. Meanwhile, the p65 mRNA and p65 protein expressed by MSCs of transfected group were significantly decreased (P < 0.05); MTT displayed that the viability of MSCs was also significantly reduced (P < 0.05). The best efficiency of induction was observed in the transfected group. There were higher expressions of NSE and MAP-2 than the other group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The p65 gene inhibited by siRNA can promote the marrow mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate into neurons.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , 1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-Methylpiperazine , Cell Differentiation , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Neurons , Cell Biology , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Transfection
16.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 297-306, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757504

ABSTRACT

Transcription activator-like (TAL) effectors specifically bind to double stranded (ds) DNA through a central domain of tandem repeats. Each TAL effector (TALE) repeat comprises 33-35 amino acids and recognizes one specific DNA base through a highly variable residue at a fixed position in the repeat. Structural studies have revealed the molecular basis of DNA recognition by TALE repeats. Examination of the overall structure reveals that the basic building block of TALE protein, namely a helical hairpin, is one-helix shifted from the previously defined TALE motif. Here we wish to suggest a structure-based re-demarcation of the TALE repeat which starts with the residues that bind to the DNA backbone phosphate and concludes with the base-recognition hyper-variable residue. This new numbering system is consistent with the α-solenoid superfamily to which TALE belongs, and reflects the structural integrity of TAL effectors. In addition, it confers integral number of TALE repeats that matches the number of bound DNA bases. We then present fifteen crystal structures of engineered dHax3 variants in complex with target DNA molecules, which elucidate the structural basis for the recognition of bases adenine (A) and guanine (G) by reported or uncharacterized TALE codes. Finally, we analyzed the sequence-structure correlation of the amino acid residues within a TALE repeat. The structural analyses reported here may advance the mechanistic understanding of TALE proteins and facilitate the design of TALEN with improved affinity and specificity.


Subject(s)
Adenine , Chemistry , Metabolism , Amino Acid Sequence , Binding Sites , DNA , Chemistry , Metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins , Chemistry , Metabolism , Guanine , Chemistry , Metabolism , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Molecular Sequence Data , Protein Binding , Protein Structure, Secondary , Protein Structure, Tertiary
17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 341-342, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451112

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of splenectomy plus selective pericardial devascularization under endoscope in the treatment of advanced schistosomiasis patients with portal hypertension and hypersplenism so as to explore the minimally in-vasive and safer surgical treatment. Methods A secure splenectomy was performed with laparoscope and its supporting devices, and at the same time,the ligation of the left gastric vein and the ligation of esophageal vein perforating vertically into the esopha-gus were also performed in 14 advanced schistosomiasis patients with portal hypertension and hypersplenism. Results Among the 14 patients,the splenic artery was separated and clipped before the treatment of splenic pedicle. One patient was of conversion to open laparotomy for the splenic vein rupture bleeding in the separation. There was no death. Conclusion The operation of sple-nectomy plus selective pericardial devascularization under endoscope is effective,truly minimally invasive,and safe in the treat-ment of advanced schistosomiasis patients with portal hypertension and hypersplenism.

18.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 349-354, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284091

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of glutamine combined with ulinastatin on inflammatory response of patients with severe burn injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty patients with severe burn injury admitted to our burn wards from January 2010 to December 2011 conforming to the study criteria were divided into control group (C, n = 20), glutamine group (G, n = 20), and glutamine combined with ulinastatin group (G + U, n = 20) according to the random number table. Another 10 healthy volunteers were chosen as normal control group (NC). Isonitrogenous and isocaloric nutrition supports were given to patients in groups C, G, and G + U from post burn day (PBD) 2. 0.3 g/kg protein in the form of glutamine dipeptide was given to patients in group G for 10 days. 0.3 g/kg protein was given to patients in group G + U for 10 days with the same amount of glutamine dipeptide as that in group G, followed by intravenous injection of 100 kU ulinastatin (once per 8 hours) for 7 days during 10 days. The nitrogen concentration of 24 h urine was determined with Kieldahl nitrogen determination method, and nitrogen balance was calculated one day before treatment and ten days after treatment. Meanwhile, the levels of D-lactate in serum was determined by colorimetric method, the levels of diamine oxidase (DAO), TNF-α, and IL-6 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and LPS level by kinetic turbidimetric assay with TAL. Above-mentioned indexes were also examined in group NC. The wound healing rate on PBD 30, total hospital stay days, and the incidence of burn sepsis of all burn patients were recorded. Data were processed with one-way analysis of variance, LSD test, t test, and chi-square test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with that in group C [(-5.40 ± 1.67) g/d], nitrogen balance in group G was significantly increased ten days after treatment [(-1.35 ± 0.59) g/d, P < 0.01]. The serum levels of D-lactate, DAO, LPS, TNF-α, and IL-6 in group G ten days after treatment were significantly lower than those in group C (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). No statistically significant difference was observed in nitrogen balance and the serum levels of D-lactate, DAO between group G + U and group G (P values all above 0.05). The serum levels of LPS, TNF-α, and IL-6 in group G + U ten days after treatment were respectively (0.167 ± 0.064) EU/mL, (43 ± 14) pg/mL, (139 ± 23) pg/mL, which were significantly lower than those in group G [(0.240 ± 0.079) EU/mL, (59 ± 8) pg/mL, (195 ± 31) pg/mL, respectively, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01]. The would healing rate on PBD 30 and total hospital stay days in group G were respectively higher and shorter than those in group C (P values all below 0.01), but no statistically significant difference in the incidence of burn sepsis was found between them (P > 0.05). The would healing rate on PBD 30 in group G+U [(96 ± 4)%] was enhanced, and total hospital stay days [(41 ± 4) d] were lowered than those in group G [(88 ± 7)%, (49 ± 5)d, P values all below 0.01]. The incidence of burn sepsis of patients in group G + U (5%) was significantly lower than that in group C (35%, χ(2) = 6.234, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Glutamine combined with ulinastatin treatment can alleviate damage to intestine after severe burn injury, lower the serum level of inflammatory cytokines, promote wound healing, and reduce the incidence of burn sepsis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Burns , Blood , Drug Therapy , Glutamine , Therapeutic Uses , Glycoproteins , Therapeutic Uses , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Lactic Acid , Blood , Lipopolysaccharides , Blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood , Wound Healing
19.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 1195-1198, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855371

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the UPLC and HPLC fingerprints of flavonoids in Citri Grandis Exocarpium (CGE). Methods: The HPLC and UPLC methods for analyzing the fingerprint of 17 samples were established respectively. Results: There were 21 mutual peaks selected from UPLC chromatography and 17 mutual peaks selected from HPLC chromatography. The similarity of 17 samples was over 0.9. Conclusion: Both the UPLC and HPLC methods could be used for the quality control of CGE. Compared to HPLC, the UPLC method is efficient, quickly, and sensitive.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 184-188, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246725

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy and safety of the common antivirals, including adefovir dipivoxil (ADV), pegylated-interferon alpha-2a (peg-IFN) and lamivudine (LAM), used as combination therapies to treat chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with positivity for the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) harboring the ADV-resistance mutation, rtN236T, and to explore the factors associated with curative outcome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-five adult CHB patients (age range: 20-60 years) who were unresponsive to ADV therapy (HBeAg-positive; HBV DNA >or= 10(5) copies/ml), LAM-naive, and tested positive for the rtN236T HBV mutation were enrolled in the study and randomly divided into two treatment groups: Group A (n = 33), who were administered ADV (10 mg/day, orally) plus peg-IFN (180 microg/week, subcutaneous injection) for 48 weeks; and Group B (n = 32 patients), who received the ADV plus LAM (100 mg/day, orally) for 48 weeks followed by continued LAM treatment for an additional 24 weeks. Pre- (baseline), during and post-treatment measurements of HBV viral loads and hepatitis B markers were made by quantitative PCR and electrochemiluminescence assays, respectively. All patients underwent liver biopsies to determine the histological activity index (HAI) and treatment response regarding inflammation and fibrosis stage. The rates of virological response (VR), HBeAg-negativity, HBeAg seroconversion, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) normalization were calculated, and the significance of differences between groups were assessed by Student's t-test and Chi2 test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences between the two groups in regards to sex, age, or baseline levels of HBV DNA, ALT, and total bilirubin (P > 0.05). At weeks 24 and 48 of treatment and 24 after treatment end, group A showed significantly higher (vs. group B, P < 0.05) rates of reduced HBV DNA viral loads (81.8%, 90.9%, and 75.8% vs. 53.1%, 56.2%, and 59.4%), VR (48.5%, 60.6%, and 42.4% vs. 31.3%, 34.4%, and 31.3%), HBeAg-negativity (39.4%, 60.6%, and 54.5% vs. 12.5%, 37.5%, and 37.5%), HBeAg seroconversion (27.3%, 54.5%, and 48.5% vs. 6.3%, 15.6%, and 18.8%), and ALT normalization (72.7%, 84.8%, and 78.8% vs. 46.9%, 56.3%, and 46.9%). After 48 weeks of treatment, group A showed significantly improved HAI (vs. group B, P < 0.05). With the exception of treatment-related increased creatinine (P < 0.05), group A showed significantly higher rates of adverse reactions; although, none was serious enough to threaten patient safety or necessitate early termination of the treatment regimen. Twenty-four weeks after treatment completion, five patients had HBV viral loads of >or= 2log10 copies/ml and four had < or= 500 copies/ml, and ALT was normalized in 28 patients. The four patients in group A with HBV DNA < or= 500 copies/ml and elevated ALT during treatment did not show HBeAg seroconversion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Peg-IFN plus ADV combination therapy produced better outcomes than the ADV plus LAM combination therapy in regards to HBV viral loads, VR rate, HBeAg-negative rate, HBeAg seroconversion rate, ALT normalization rate, and HAI, but was associated with a higher rate of adverse reactions (none of which were severe). Lack of HBeAg seroconversion was associated with higher virus load and ALT levels.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adenine , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Resistance, Viral , Genetics , Drug Therapy, Combination , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Drug Therapy , Virology , Interferon-alpha , Therapeutic Uses , Lamivudine , Therapeutic Uses , Mutation , Organophosphonates , Therapeutic Uses , Polyethylene Glycols , Therapeutic Uses , Recombinant Proteins , Therapeutic Uses
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