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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1727-1730, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942850

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the effects of dual viscoelastic agents DisCoVisc and sodium hyaluronate on corneal endothelium of patients after phacoemulsification and foldable intraocular lens(IOL)implantation.METHODS: A total of 247 patients(285 eyes)with cataract treated in Jingmen Aier Eye Hospital between June 2017 and December 2019 were selected, and they were divided into DisCoVisc group(123 cases, 141 eyes)and sodium hyaluronate group(124 cases, 144 eyes)by random number table method. Both groups were treated with phacoemulsification and foldable IOL implantation. DisCoVisc and 1.7% sodium hyaluronate were used as viscoelastic agents in DisCoVisc group and sodium hyaluronate group, respectively. The two groups were compared in terms of intraoperative ultrasound time(UST), cumulative dissipated energy(CDE), time for aspiration of viscoelastic agents after IOL implantation, corneal edema at 1d, 1wk, 1 and 3mo after operation, corneal endothelial cell density(ECD)and ECD loss rates before operation and at 3mo after operation, coefficient variation of corneal endothelial cell size(CV), percentage of corneal hexagonal endothelial cells(6A), intraocular pressure, the proportions of patients with uncorrected visual acuity ≥0.5 and central corneal thickness(CCT)values before and after operation at 1d, 1wk and 1mo.RESULTS:There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in UST, CDE, aspiration time of viscoelastic agents(P >0.05)or corneal edema both rate on day 1 after operation(P>0.05). Corneal edema disappeared at 1 wk after operation. The ECD loss rate in DisCoVisc group was significantly lower than that in sodium hyaluronate group at 3mo after operation(P<0.05). Intraocular pressure, the proportion of patients with uncorrected visual acuity ≥0.5 and CCT values showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups before and after operation at 1d, 1wk and 1mo(P >0.05).CONCLUSION: DisCoVisc, as the viscoelastic agent in phacoemulsification and foldable IOL implantation for patients with Emery-Little grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ lens nucleus hardness, can better protect the patients' corneal endothelium.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1819-1824, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941543

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of naringenin on the killing rate of natural killer (NK) cells and related mechanism by amplification of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells into NK cells in vitro and co-culture with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) CLC5 cells at a ratio of 1∶ 1. Methods A lymphocyte separation medium was used to isolate human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, which were induced with recombinant human interleukin-2 in vitro to culture NK cells. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the proliferation of HCC cells after human HCC cells were treated with naringenin (0, 3.125, 6.25, 12.5, 25, and 50 μmol/L) for 0, 24, and 48 hours, and after human NK cells were treated with different concentrations of naringenin for 24 hours, CCK-8 assay was used to measure the proliferation of NK cells. CellTiter-LumiTM was used to measure the killing rate of NK cells after the NK-HCC cell co-culture system at the ratio of 1∶ 1 was treated with naringenin for 24 hours. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the gene expression of the activating receptor NKG2D in NK cells and NKG2D ligands in HCC cells. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results After being induced and cultured by recombinant human interleukin-2, NK cells were amplified to 82.33%±0.70% of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. After naringenin treatment for 24 hours, there was no significant difference in the proliferation rate of HCC CLC5 cells between all mass concentration groups (all P > 0.05), and in the 25 and 50 μmol/L mass concentration groups, naringenin significantly promoted the proliferation of NK cells (both P 0.05); it significantly upregulated the expression of the NKG2D ligands such as ULBP1 and ULBP3 in HCC cells (all P < 0.001). Conclusion Naringenin may increase the killing activity of NK cells by upregulating the expression of NKG2D ligands in HCC cells.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940563

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study on the correlation between the apparent color, near-infrared spectroscopy and dynamic changes of index constituent content of samples during the processing of steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and to provide reference for the processing process optimization and quality control of this decoction piece. MethodSamples were dried and crushed by setting three steaming temperature gradients of 100-105, 114-118, 130-136 ℃, and sampled at steaming times of 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 h, respectively. The effects of different steaming temperatures and times on the color and absorption of steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma at different infrared wavelengths were observed, and principal component analysis and cluster analysis were performed on the obtained data by R 4.1.0 and SPSS 21.0 software to observe the changes in color and infrared absorption characteristics of samples. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was employed to determine the content changes of notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Re, 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 before and after steaming of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, mobile phase was acetonitrile (A)-water (B) for gradient elution (0-30 min, 19%A; 30-60 min, 19%-44%A; 60-78 min, 44%-74%A; 78-80 min, 74%-100%A; 80-86 min, 100%A; 86-87 min, 100%-19%A; 87-95 min, 19%A) with the detection wavelength of 203 nm. ResultDuring the steaming process of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, with the increase of steaming temperature and time, the b* (yellow-blue value), L* (brightness), △E* (comprehensive color difference value) of sample powder showed a decreasing trend, while the a* (red-green value) showed an increasing trend, and the color gradually deepened from gray to brown and dark black. There was no significant difference in the infrared absorption between raw and steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma sample powder in the low and medium wavelength bands, but significant difference in the infrared absorption of high band, especially in the band of 9 600-10 000 cm-1. HPLC showed that the contents of the original components (notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, Re and Rb1) decreased and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 were newly produced after steaming of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The content proportion of these six index components reached the best when the steaming temperature at 130-136 ℃ and the steaming time of 1 h. ConclusionThe color and infrared absorption of samples are affected by the dynamic changes of chemical composition during the steaming process, and the composition change is the result of the joint influence of steaming temperature and time. In this paper, through multi-dimensional analysis of the apparent color indexes, the change pattern of near-infrared absorption characteristics and the index components of the samples, the different process parameters of steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were evaluated holistically, and the quality transfer pattern of its processing process was initially revealed, which can provide scientific basis for processing optimization and quality evaluation of steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940530

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the correlation between the apparent color, comprehensive sweetness and the content of main components in the preparation of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, so as to lay a foundation for revealing the processing principle of Rehmanniae Radix. MethodThe color of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata sample powder was measured by automatic colorimeter, the contents of 14 active components in samples with different heating time points were determined by high performance liquid chromatography, including 7 glycosides of catalpol, rehmannia glycoside D, leonurine glycoside, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, verbascoside, isoacteoside and hesperidin, and 7 carbohydrates of D-fructose, glucose, sucrose, melibiose, raffinose, manninotriose and stachyose), and the mobile phase was acetonitrile-water for gradient elution. The comprehensive sweetness difference of sample was calculated by the sweetness of saccharides, SPSS 21.0 was used to analyze the relationship between the color, comprehensive sweetness and the main component contents in the processing of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, the quality comprehensive evaluation index of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata by triangular area method was established. ResultDuring the processing, the color value of the powder increased, and the apparent color of the sample became darker. the content determination results showed that the content of glycosides decreased, monosaccharides and comprehensive sweetness increased with the increase of heating time. The results of correlation analysis showed that chromaticity value, comprehensive sweetness were significant negatively correlated with the content of iridoid glycosides (P<0.01), the chromaticity value was significant positively correlated with the contents of furaldehyde derivatives, phenylethanoid glycosides, flavonoids and comprehensive sweetness was significant positively correlated with the contents of furaldehyde derivatives, phenylethanoid glycosides (P<0.01), and the comprehensive sweetness was positively correlated with the content of flavonoids (P<0.05). After 52 h of processing, the comprehensive evaluation index of samples reached 0.99. ConclusionThe overall trend of cluster analysis of powder chromaticity value of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata is basically consistent with that of naked eyes, the comprehensive quality evaluation of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium can be carried out by combining the three indexes of powder chromaticity value, comprehensive sweetness and glycosides content.

5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 459-466, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939879

ABSTRACT

Whether Fanconi anemia (FA) heterozygotes are predisposed to bone marrow failure and hematologic neoplasm is a crucial but unsettled issue in cancer prevention and family consulting. We retrospectively analyzed rare possibly significant variations (PSVs) in the five most obligated FA genes, BRCA2, FANCA, FANCC, FANCD2, and FANCG, in 788 patients with aplastic anemia (AA) and hematologic malignancy. Sixty-eight variants were identified in 66 patients (8.38%). FANCA was the most frequently mutated gene (n = 29), followed by BRCA2 (n = 20). Compared with that of the ExAC East Asian dataset, the overall frequency of rare PSVs was higher in our cohort (P = 0.016). BRCA2 PSVs showed higher frequency in acute lymphocytic leukemia (P = 0.038), and FANCA PSVs were significantly enriched in AA and AML subgroups (P = 0.020; P = 0.008). FA-PSV-positive MDS/AML patients had a higher tumor mutation burden, higher rate of cytogenetic abnormalities, less epigenetic regulation, and fewer spliceosome gene mutations than those of FA-PSV-negative MDS/AML patients (P = 0.024, P = 0.029, P = 0.024, and P = 0.013). The overall PSV enrichment in our cohort suggests that heterozygous mutations of FA genes contribute to hematopoietic failure and leukemogenesis.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/genetics , Epigenesis, Genetic , Fanconi Anemia/genetics , Germ Cells , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Retrospective Studies
6.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 95-98, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935982

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the number of diabetic patients has gradually increased, and the number of patients with diabetic foot has also increased. Diabetic foot has a high rate of disability and death, seriously affects the patients' quality of life, shortens life expectancy, and brings heavy social burden. The current treatment methods for diabetic foot are insufficient. The concepts and methods of tissue engineering provide new thoughts and means for the treatment of diabetic foot. This article introduces the pathogenesis of diabetic foot wounds, the factors leading to non-healing of diabetic foot, the applications of functional hydrogel dressings in the treatment of diabetic foot and their technical methods of functional hydrogel dressings for treating skin wounds in diabetic animals, and the future development direction of functional hydrogel dressing for treating diabetic foot wounds is prospected.


Subject(s)
Bandages , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/therapy , Humans , Hydrogels , Quality of Life , Wound Healing
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 279-284, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935938

ABSTRACT

Objective: Autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) derived from bone marrow can promote liver regeneration and improve the liver function of patients, but there are few studies on its effect on the long-term outcomes in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Based on previous work, this study observed the clinical outcomes of PBSC treatment in patients with decompensated cirrhosis for 10 years, in order to provide more data support for the safety and efficacy of stem cells in clinical applications. Methods: Data of patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis who completed PBSC treatment in the Department of Gastroenterology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from August 2005 to February 2012 were included. The follow-up endpoint was death or liver transplantation, and patients who did not reach the follow-up endpoint were followed-up for at least 10 years. The patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis who met the conditions for PBSC treatment but did not receive PBSC treatment in our hospital during the same period were used as controls. Results: A total of 287 cases with decompensated liver cirrhosis had completed PBSC treatment, and 90 cases were lost to follow-up within 10 years after surgery. A total of 151 cases with complete survival follow-up data were included in the control group. There were no statistically significant differences in baseline information such as gender, age, etiological composition and liver function score between the two groups. The 10-year survival rate was higher in PBSC than control group (37.56% vs. 26.49%, P<0.05). Cholinesterase, albumin, international normalized ratio, Child-Turcotte-Pugh score, model for end-stage liver disease score, and other indicators were gradually recovered within 3 months to 1 year after PBSC treatment, and stabilized at a more desirable level in the long-term after follow-up for up to 10 years. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of liver cancer between the two groups (25.22% vs.31.85%, P=0.267). The age of onset of hepatocellular carcinoma was later in PBSC than control group [(56.66±7.21) years vs. (52.69±8.42) years, P<0.05]. Conclusions: This long-term observational follow-up study of more than ten years confirms that PBSC treatment can bring long-term benefits to patients with decompensated cirrhosis, with good long-term safety, thus providing more data support on the safety and efficacy of stem cells for clinical applications.


Subject(s)
End Stage Liver Disease , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Peripheral Blood Stem Cells , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 442-446, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935717

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the risk factors for syncope in children with severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Methods: Forty-four patients (age<18 years) with IPAH admitted to the Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital between May 2011 and October 2021 were retrospectively included. Patients were devided into syncope group and non-syncope group. Clinical manifestation and hemodynamic parameters including echocardiography, blood tests, right heart catheterization and acute pulmonary vascular expansion test were compared between two groups. Comparisons between groups were performed with unpaired Student t test, or Mann-Whitney U test or chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for parameters with statistically significant differences between groups and analyze the statistical correlation. Results: Among the 44 patients, 16 were males, the onset age was (7.2±3.9) years. Twenty-four (55%) children presented with 1 to 11 times of episodes of syncope, and 18 cases of whom induced by physical activity. Syncope group had a larger proportion of New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart function class Ⅲ-Ⅳ (67% (16/24) vs. 25% (5/20), χ2=7.59, P=0.006), higher brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) value ((251±39) vs. (61±40) pg/L, t=-2.18, P=0.035), higher pulmonary-to-aorta diameter ratio (1.6±0.4 vs. 1.4±0.2, t=-2.25, P=0.030) and larger pulmonary vascular resistance index ((22±11) vs. (16±7) WU/m2, t=-2.13, P=0.039) compared with non-syncope group. The proportion of patent foramen ovale (4% (1/24) vs. 45% (9/20), χ2=10.36, P=0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ((68±5)% vs. (72±8)%, t=2.23, P=0.031) and the positive rate of acute pulmonary vascular expansion test (8% (2/24) vs. 35% (7/20), χ2=4.77, P=0.029) of syncope group were significantly lower than those of non-syncope group. Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that NYHA heart function Ⅲ-Ⅳ (OR=6.787, 95%CI 1.445-31.880), pulmonary vascular resistance index (OR=1.247, 95%CI 1.020-1.525) and BNP (OR=1.036, 95%CI 1.007-1.066) were independent risk factors for syncope. The patent foramen ovale (OR=0.010, 95%CI 0.000-0.586) was a protective factor for syncope. Conclusions: NYHA cardiac function grade, pulmonary vascular resistance index and BNP are independent risk factors for syncope. Patent foramen ovale is a protective factor for syncope. Exercise is the main inducement of syncope in children with IPAH.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Female , Foramen Ovale, Patent , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke Volume , Syncope/etiology , Ventricular Function, Left
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 30-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935635

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics of different types of human adenovirus (HAdV) infection in hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection in Beijing, and to clarify the clinical necessity of adenovirus typing. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 9 022 respiratory tract specimens collected from hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection from November 2017 to October 2019 in Affiliated Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics were screened for HAdV by direct immunofluorescence (DFA) and (or) nucleic acid detection. Then the Penton base, Hexon and Fiber gene of HAdV were amplified from HAdV positive specimens to confirm their HAdV types by phylogenetic tree construction. Clinical data such as laboratory results and imaging data were analyzed for children with predominate type HAdV infection using t, U, or χ2 test. Results: There were 392 cases (4.34%) positive for HAdV among 9 022 specimens from hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection. Among those 205 cases who were successfully typed, 131 were male and 74 were female, age of 22.6 (6.7, 52.5) months,102 cases (49.76%) were positive for HAdV-3 and 86 cases (41.95%), HAdV-7, respectively, while 17 cases were confirmed as HAdV-1, 2, 4, 6, 14 or 21. In comparison of clinical characteristics between the predominate HAdV type 7 and 3 infection, significant differences were shown in proportions of children with wheezing (10 cases (11.63%) vs. 25 cases (24.51%)), white blood cell count >15 ×109/L (4 cases (4.65%) vs.14 cases (13.73%)), white blood cell count <5×109/L (26 cases (30.23%) vs.11 cases (10.78%)), procalcitonin level>0.5 mg/L (43 cases (50.00%) vs. 29 cases (28.43%)), multilobar infiltration (45 cases (52.33%) vs.38 cases (37.25%)), pleural effusion (23 cases (26.74%) vs. 10 cases (9.80%)), and severe adenovirus pneumonia (7 cases (8.14%) vs. 2 cases (1.96%)) with χ²=5.11, 4.44, 11.16, 9.19, 4.30, 9.25, 3.91 and P=0.024, 0.035, 0.001, 0.002, 0.038, 0.002, 0.048, respectively, and also in length of hospital stay (11 (8, 15) vs. 7 (5, 13) d, Z=3.73, P<0.001). Conclusions: HAdV-3 and 7 were the predominate types of HAdV infection in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection in Beijing. Compared with HAdV-3 infection, HAdV-7 infection caused more obvious inflammatory reaction, more severe pulmonary symptoms, longer length of hospital stay, suggesting the clinical necessity of further typing of HAdVs.


Subject(s)
Adenovirus Infections, Human/epidemiology , Adenoviruses, Human/genetics , Beijing/epidemiology , Child , Child, Hospitalized , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Phylogeny , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935252

ABSTRACT

The paradox of obesity and metabolically healthy obesity are being challenged. More and more studies have disputed the potential mechanism and prognostic value of metabolically healthy obesity. The study of metabolically healthy obesity is helpful to clarify the potential causes of obesity paradox and the potential mechanism of different degrees of obesity harm to the population. From the perspective of evidence-based medicine, combined with the relevant literature at home and abroad, this study reviewed the new understanding of metabolically healthy obesity, lifestyle factors, the impact of fat factors on metabolically healthy obesity, and the new opportunities of metabolically healthy obesity research, in order to explore whether metabolically healthy obesity can maintain and gradually reduce weight for a long time, so as to improve cardiovascular disease In order to achieve the purpose of primary prevention of related diseases.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Humans , Life Style , Obesity/prevention & control , Obesity, Metabolically Benign
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 270-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935139

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy within the first 24 h post extracorporeal membrane pulmonary oxygenation (ECMO) and the impact of early efficacy on the prognosis of adult patients with fulminant myocarditis (FM). Methods: This retrospective case analysis study included hospitalized patients (age≥18 years) who were diagnosed with fulminant myocarditis from November 2016 to May 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Patients were divided into survival or non-survival groups according to treatment outcomes. The age, sex, treatments, drug use, ECMO use, clinical and laboratory data (before and 24 h after the use of ECMO) were analyzed. The change rate of clinical and laboratory data after 24 h use of ECMO was calculated to find differences between two groups. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the related factors with in-hospital death and complication between the two groups. Results: A total of 38 FM patients treated with ECMO were included. There were 23 cases (60.5%) in the survival group, aged (39.6±13.7) years, and 17 (73.9%) cases were female. The total ECMO time was (134.4±71.3)h. There were 15 cases (39.5%) in non-survival group, aged (40.0±15.8) years, and there were 12(80.0%) female, the ECMO time was (120.1±72.4) h in this group. The proportion of tracheal intubation and continuous renal replacement therapy in the survivor group and dosage of norepinephrine within 24 h after ECMO implantation were significantly less than in non-survival group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in all efficacy related biochemical indexes between two groups before ECMO use. The levels of lactic acid, procalcitonin, creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatine kinase-MB, cardiac troponin I and N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide prosoma were significantly less in survival group than in non-survival group at 24 h after the use of ECMO (all P<0.05). Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the higher 24 h change rate of creatinine (OR=0.587, 95%CI 0.349-0.986, P=0.044) and creatine kinase-MB (OR=0.177, 95%CI 0.037-0.841, P=0.029) were positively correlated with reduced risk of in-hospital mortality. The central hemorrhage and acute kidney injury in survival group were less than in non-survivor group (P<0.05). Conclusions: After 24 h early use of ECMO in FM patients, the improvement of various efficacy related biochemical test indexes in the survival group was better than that in the non-survival group. Faster reduction of creatine kinase-MB and creatinine values within 24 h ECMO use is positively correlated with reduced risk of in-hospital mortality in adult patients with FM.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Middle Aged , Myocarditis/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 144-147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical technique and clinical effect of the island flap of dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery in repair of the soft tissue defect of digits.Methods:From March 2013 to March 2021, 22 cases of digit soft tissue defects were repaired with dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery island flap. The digit defects involved: 9 thumbs, 5 index fingers, 3 middle fingers, 3 ring fingers and 2 little fingers. The repair of defects covered 8 digit-tips, 7 pulps and 7 dorsal and nail beds. The defected area of soft tissue was 0.8 cm×0.5 cm-1.5 cm×8.0 cm, and the size of flap was 1.0 cm×0.7 cm-1.8 cm×1.0 cm. The donor site in 6 cases was closed directly. The other 16 cases were covered with medium thickness skin graft and pressurised bandaging. The follow-up reviews were carried out via the outpatient clinic visit, telephone or WeChat interview. Results:After operation, 1 flap had cyanosis due to a tight suture and it was relieved after the removal of intermittent suture; Tension blisters appeared in 2 cases and disappeared after 1 week; One case had necrosis at distal flap and healed after dressing change. Other flaps survived successfully and the incision and donor site healed in the first stage. All patients were entered to 6 to 18(mean 10) months of follow-up. At the final follow-up, the appearance and texture of the flaps were good and the protective sensation was restored. The flexion and extension function of the affected digit was normal with the TPD at 7-11 mm. The original shape and function of the digit body were basically reconstructed, except the failure in reconstruction of the special structure of digit body, such as nail, finger pulp thread and fine sensation. According to the Evaluation Standard of Upper Limb Function of Chinese Hand Surgery Society, 11 cases were in excellent, 9 in good and 2 in fair. The excellent and good rate was 91%. The function at donor sites was not affected.Conclusion:Repair of digit soft tissue defect with dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery island flap is easy to operate, and with a low risk, high success rate and satisfactory curative effect.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 387-396, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933869

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment responses and kidney outcomes of patients with atypical membranous nephropathy (MN), and to provide information for the clinical practice.Methods:The clinical data of patients with atypical MN and synchronous primary MN who were diagnosed, treated and followed up in Peking University First Hospital from January 2008 to June 2020 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Clinicopathological features, treatment responses and kidney prognosis were compared between the two groups. The expression of phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) in kidney tissues was detected by immunofluorescence. Serum anti-PLA2R antibody was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Clinicopathological indexes were compared between PLA2R-related MN group and non-PLA2R-related MN group. Kaplan-Meier (Log-rank test) survival curve and multivariate Cox regression analysis methods were used to analyze the influencing factors of kidney prognosis in patients with atypical MN. The primary endpoint of renal adverse outcome was renal insufficiency, defined as end-stage renal disease or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline>30% baseline and<60 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1. Results:A total of 65 atypical MN patients were enrolled in this study. Compared with primary MN ( n=324), patients with atypical MN had younger age ( Z=-4.229, P<0.001), higher proportion of hematuria ( χ2=5.555, P=0.018), higher level of urinary protein ( Z=2.228, P=0.026) and lower level of eGFR ( t=-5.108, P<0.001); the proportion of IgG4 deposition in kidneys was lower ( χ2=8.081, P=0.004), and the proportions of IgA ( χ2=16.969, P<0.001) and IgM ( χ2=9.281, P=0.002) deposition were higher. There was no significant difference on gender, serum albumin, positive proportion of anti-PLA2R antibody, anti-PLA2R antibody level and kidney C3/C1q deposition between the two groups (all P>0.05). The proportions of atypical MN patients receiving renin-angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitors (49.3% vs 57.1%), calcineurin inhibitors (27.7% vs 19.1%) and cyclophosphamide (21.5% vs 23.8%) were comparable to those of primary MN patients (all P>0.05). The rates of clinical remission (80.0% vs 77.2%), partial remission (44.6% vs 44.1%), complete remission (35.4% vs 33.1%), spontaneous remission (36.9% vs 42.6%), response to cyclophosphamide (85.7% vs 81.8%), response to calcineurin inhibitor (88.9% vs 79.0%), and relapse (30.8% vs 26.8%) in atypical MN patients were comparable to those in primary MN patients (all P>0.05). During the follow-up 30.0(21.5, 61.5) months, 15 atypical MN patients (23.1%) had eGFR reduction>30%, among whom 7 patients (10.8%) had eGFR reduction>50% and 3 patients (4.6%) had end-stage kidney disease. There was no significant difference on poor kidney prognosis between the two groups (all P>0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that patients with age>39 years old ( χ2=10.092, P=0.001), eGFR≤100 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1( χ2=5.491, P=0.019), tubular interstitial lesion ( χ2=6.999, P=0.008) and no nephropathy remission ( χ2=22.952, P<0.001) had earlier poor renal prognosis. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that no nephropathy remission ( HR=12.604, 95% CI 2.691-59.037, P=0.001) was an independent influencing factor for poor renal prognosis in atypical MN patients. Conclusion:No significant difference is found between atypical MN and primary MN on treatment responses and kidney prognosis, which implies that clinical practice of atypical MN can be performed by referring to the guidelines and experience of primary MN.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 483-487, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933110

ABSTRACT

Frailty is a common elderly syndrome with high prevalence, frailty after longtime bedridding will aggravate the physical frailty.Exercise intervention can ameliorate the physical function of frail patients, enhance their self-care ability and reduce the occurrence of poor prognosis.Due to the special environment of bedridden frail elderly patients, the exercise intervention is different from the traditional exercise program.Considering the physical ability and cognition of bedridden patients, active and passive physical exercise, auxiliary equipment exercise and neuromuscular electrical stimulation are helpful to improve frailty and ameliorate the life quality of the elderly.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932636

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is one of the important treatment strategies for localized prostate cancer. Conventional fractionated external beam radiotherapy is the standard dose-fraction regimen of radical radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer. In recent years, hypofractionated radiotherapy technique has been developed rapidly. The moderately hypofractionated radiotherapy has been considered as an alternative to conventional fractionated radiotherapy in conditional institutions. Increasing evidence has been obtained in the application of ultra-hypofractionated radiotherapy (also known as stereotactic body radiotherapy, SBRT) in patients with low-and intermediate-risk prostate cancer. However, the efficacy and safety of SBRT for high-risk prostate cancer have not been fully demonstrated. In this review, research progressess on the efficacy and safety of radical hypofractionated radiotherapy and the techniques of SBRT for prostate cancer were summarized.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 224-230, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of HIS (hyperinflammatory syndrome) score in predicting the prognosis of anti-melanoma differentiation associated gene 5(MDA5) antibody-positive dermatomyositis (DM) patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD).Methods:A total of 43 patients with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermatomyositis and 228 connective tissue disease (CTD) patients with ILD hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to April 2021 were enrolled into this study. All patients were complicated with ILD and their HIS score were assessed. Non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-squared test, Fisher exact probability and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used for data analysis. Results:The HIS score of 43 patients with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermat-omyositis were collected. Among 228 CTD-ILD patients in the control groups, the primary disease consisted of 33(14.5%) anti-synthetase antibody syndrome (ASS), 44(19.3%) rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 65(28.5%) Sj?gren's syndromes (SS), 43 (18.9%) systemic sclerosis (SSc) and 43 (18.9%) systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE). The HIS score of anti-MDA5-positive DM-ILD patients [2(1, 3)] was higher than those in ASS patients [1(0, 2), Z=-2.06, P<0.05] and significantly higher than those in RA-ILD [1(0, 2), Z=-2.87, P<0.01], SS-ILD [0(0,1), Z=-5.78, P<0.01], SSC-ILD [1(0, 1), Z=-3.84, P<0.01] and SLE-ILD [1(0, 2), Z=-3.81, P<0.01]. Comparing HIS score of anti-MDA5-positive DM-ILD patients, the 3-months mortality rate in the low, medium and high groups was 0(0/15), 38.1%(8/21) and 85.7%(6/7). The area under ROC curve (95% CI) was 0.857[(0.747, 0.967), P<0.001] for HIS score in predicting 3-months mortality probability of anti-MDA5-positive DM-ILD. Conclusion:HIS score of anti-MDA5-positive DM-ILD is higher than that in CTD-ILD patients and the baseline level is related to the 3-months mortality rate.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution and antimicrobial resistance pattern of bacteria isolated from alveolar lavage fluid in pediatric patients with lower respiratory tract infection from 2016 to 2018.Methods:The alveolar lavage fluid of pediatric patients aged <18 years old with lower respiratory tract infection in ten hospitals from January 2016 to December 2018 were collected, and the pathogenic bacteria were cultured and isolated. The paper diffusion method or minimum inhibitory concentration method was used to conduct drug susceptibility tests for the isolated strains.The distribution of pathogenic bacteria and the source department of the strains were analyzed.Chi-sqare test was used for statistical analysis.Results:Of 1 271 isolates, 606 strains (47.7%) were gram-negative bacteria, 628 strains (49.4%) were gram-positive bacteria, and 37 strains (2.9%) were fungi. The common pathogens were Streptococcus pneumoniae (36.7%, 466/1 271), Acinetobacter baumannii (16.8%, 214/1 271), Staphylococcus aureus (12.7%, 162/1 271), Klebsiella pneumoniae (8.3%, 105/1 271), Haemophilus influenzae (7.4%, 94/1 271), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (6.2%, 79/1 271), Burkholderia cepacia (5.3%, 67/1 271) and Escherichia coli (3.7%, 47/1 271). The main pathogens in the intensive care unit (ICU) were gram-negative bacteria (80.1%, 428/534), among which Acinetobacter baumannii was the most common (3.7%, 199/534). The main pathogens in the non-ICU were gram-positive bacteria (70.8%, 522/737). The detection rates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were 45.1%(23/51) in the ICU and 43.2% (48/111) in the non-ICU, respectively. The detection rates of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP) were 10.9%(6/55) in the ICU and 18.5% (76/411) in the non-ICU, respectively. The detection rates of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) were 57.3%(43/75) in the ICU and 33.3%(10/30) in the non-ICU, respectively. The detection rate of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) in the ICU was higher than that in the non-ICU (49.1%(27/55) vs 25.0%(6/24)), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=3.98, P=0.046). Eight strains (17.0%) of carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli were detected, and 164 strains(76.6%) of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii were detected. Seventy-eight Haemophilus influenzae isolates were isolated from non-ICU, and the resistance rate to ampicillin was 57.4%(54/94). Burkholderia cepacia isolates were all isolated from ICU, and the resistance rates to piperacillin-tazobactam, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and compound sulfamethoxazole were 13.4%(9/67), 3.0%(2/67), 0(0/67) and 9.0%(6/67), respectively. Conclusions:Streptococcus pneumoniae is still the most common pathogen in pediatric patients with lower respiratory tract infection. Gram-negative bacilli are the main pathogens in pediatric patients with lower respiratory tract infection in the ICU. The dection rates of MRSA, PRSP and carbopenem-resistant gram-negative bacilli are high. And the resistance rate of Haemophilus influenzae to ampicillin is also high. The clinical empirical treatment should be determined according to different clinical background.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand clinical effect of a homemade infants wrist hand thumb joint fixtures to prevent the unplanned extubation (UEX) in radial arterial puncture tube in children with congenital heart disease.Methods:From October 2016 to October 2019, 150 cases infants patients with simple congenital heart disease in cardiac surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China were selected as the research objects, and the radial artery invasive manometric tube was routinely indwelling after operation. Subjects were randomly divided into observation group and control group, with 75 cases in each group. In the observation group, the wrist joint of children was fixed with homemade fixation device. The control group used conventional fixation methods to fix the wrist joint of infants. The incidence of pressure injury and unplanned extubation were compared between the two groups.Results:There was 1 case (1.33%) pressure injury in the observation group and 2 cases (2.67%) in the control group, and there was no statistical significance in the two groups ( P>0.05). The unplanned extubation rate of radial artery pressure tube occurred in 5 cases (6.67%) in the observation group, and lower than that in the control group (17/75, 22.67%) ( χ2=7.67, P<0.01). When children in the state of agitation and very agitation, the incidence of unplanned extubation rate in the observation group was 0 and 4.35%(1/23), lower than that in the control group 15.79%(6/38) and 35.00% (7/20), respectively ( χ2=6.19, 6.64, both P<0.05). With the extension of ICU time, the incidence of unplanned extubation rate was increased. The incidence of unplanned extubation rate was 4.76% (2/42) and 9.09% (3/33) in the observation group and 18.18%(8/44) and 29.03% (9/31) in the control group when ICU time was ≤24 h and>24 h, respectively. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.51, 4.17, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The homemade wrist thumb joint fixtures device for infants does not increase the pressure injury of the fixed part, and can reduce the incidence of unplanned extubation of radial artery manometric tube in children with congenital heart disease.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930622

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Objective:To explore the relationship between family function and neurodevelopment of preterm infants in the NICU.Methods:A total of 195 preterm infants in the NICU and their parents were selected from January to August 2020 in Children′s Hospital of Soochow University by convenience sampling method. A questionnaire survey was conducted using the general information questionnaire and Family Assessment Device. 0 to 6-year-old Children′s Neuropsychological Development Checklist were used to assess neurodevelopmental status of preterm infants in the third month after their discharge.Results:The development quotient of preterm infants in the NICU in the third month after discharge was 76.00(73.00, 81.00) points. The family function score was 146.00(131.00, 161.00) points. The total score of family function and item score were negatively correlated with development quotient ( r values were -0.646 to -0.505, all P<0.05). Hierarchical regression analysis showed that communication, problem solving, and behavior control accounted for 21.9% of neurodevelopmental variability in preterm infants. Conclusions:Nurses should promote the family function of preterm infants by improving family communication, problem solving and behavior control, thereby enhancing their neural development level.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical data of 3 children with LMX1B-associated disease characterized by asymptomatic glomerular proteinuria, thus improving the recognition of asymptomatic proteinuria with genetic causes. Methods:Three patients with LMX1B-associated disease presented with prominent asymptomatic proteinuria diagnosed by the next-generation sequencing in Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from April 2014 to October 2017 were included in this study.Clinical data, including renal and extrarenal manifestations, renal biopsy, and family history, were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results:All 3 children were girls, the age of onset were 2 years, 1 year, and 4 years, respectively, and the diagnosis age were 11 years, 5 years and 6 years, respectively.All of them had glomerular proteinuria, and nephrotic-level proteinuria occurred in one patient.Microscopic hematuria was found in 2 patients.All of them had normal renal function.Only one patient underwent renal biopsy.Electron microscopy of the first time of biopsy revealed segmental thinning of the glomerular basement membrane.Re-biopsy 4 years later showed irregular thickening of the glomerular basement membrane, moth-eaten appearance and collagen fibrillar material deposition.No abnormalities of nails, limbs and joints were observed by physical examination.Two patients had a family history of renal disease.Conclusions:Genetic factors should be considered in children with obscure onset asymptomatic proteinuria without definite clinical causes.Genetic testing can help diagnose and guide treatment as early as possible.

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