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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 826-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of letermovir in primary prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: This retrospective, cohort study was conducted using data of patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation at Peking University Institute of Hematology and received letermovir for primary prophylaxis between May 1, 2022 and August 30, 2022. The inclusion criteria of the letermovir group were as follows: letermovir initiation within 30 days after transplantation and continuation for≥90 days after transplantation. Patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation within the same time period but did not receive letermovir prophylaxis were selected in a 1∶4 ratio as controls. The main outcomes were the incidence of CMV infection and CMV disease after transplantation as well as the possible effects of letermovir on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and bone marrow suppression. Categorical variables were analyzed by chi-square test, and continuous variables were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for evaluating incidence differences. Results: Seventeen patients were included in the letermovir prophylaxis group. The median patient age in the letermovir group was significantly greater than that in the control group (43 yr vs. 15 yr; Z=-4.28, P<0.001). The two groups showed no significant difference in sex distribution and primary diseases, etc. (all P>0.05). The proportion of CMV-seronegative donors was significantly higher in the letermovir prophylaxis group in comparison with the control group (8/17 vs. 0/68, χ2=35.32, P<0.001). Three out of the 17 patients in the letermovir group experienced CMV reactivation, which was significantly lower than the incidence of CMV reactivation in the control group (3/17 vs. 40/68, χ2=9.23, P=0.002), and no CMV disease development observed in the letermovir group. Letermovir showed no significant effects on platelet engraftment (P=0.105), aGVHD (P=0.348), and 100-day NRM (P=0.474). Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that letermovir may effectively reduce the incidence of CMV infection after haploidentical transplantation without influencing aGVHD, NRM, and bone marrow suppression. Prospective randomized controlled studies are required to further verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytomegalovirus , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus Infections/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Recurrence , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 997-1003, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985511

ABSTRACT

Objective: To comprehensively evaluate the physical health level of students of different school-age segments in four regions of Anhui province using the entropy weight approximation ideal solution ranking method (TOPSIS), and to provide a scientific method and basis for conducting school health work evaluation. Methods: Using the physical fitness survey data of four regions in Anhui province, the entropy weight method was used to draw the weights of various indicators for different school-age segments of men and women. Then, the TOPSIS method was used to evaluate the school-age segments of men and women in the four regions. Finally, the physical health level of students in four regions was classified according to the results of entropy weight TOPSIS and the rank sum ratio method. Results: A total of 10 127 students were included in this study, with an average age of (11.85±3.82) years, including 5 050 males (49.8%) and 5 072 urban students (50.1%). The results of the entropy weight method showed that the weight of body mass index of boys was similar to that of girls in each school-age segment. According to the TOPSIS and rank sum ratio analysis, the physical health level of students in the four regions of Anhui province was different. The physical health score of Suzhou was 0.617 4 points, which was classified as the best grade. The scores of Hefei and Wuhu were 0.556 3 and 0.411 2, which were classified as middle. Jiju City scored 0.381 9 points, which was classified as poor. Conclusion: TOPSIS combined with rank sum ratio can reflect the level of students' physical health, which can be applied to the evaluation of students' physical health and provide a basis for monitoring students' physical health .


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Entropy , Health Status , Physical Fitness , Students , Body Mass Index
3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 199-205, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971515

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the protective effect of forsythiaside B (FB) against cerebral oxidative stress injury induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in mice and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Ninety C57BL/6 mice were randomized into sham-operated group, middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model group, and low-, medium and highdose (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg, respectively) FB groups. The expression levels of MDA, ROS, PCO, 8-OHdG, SOD, GSTα4, CAT and GPx in the brain tissue of the mice were detected using commercial kits, and those of AMPK, P-AMPK, DAF-16, FOXO3 and P-FOXO3 were detected with Western blotting. Compound C (CC), an AMPK inhibitor, was used to verify the role of the AMPK pathway in mediating the therapeutic effect of FB. In another 36 C57BL/6 mice randomized into 4 sham-operated group, MCAO model group, FB (40 mg/kg) treatment group, FB+CC (10 mg/kg) treatment group, TTC staining was used to examine the volume of cerebral infarcts, and the levels of ROS and SOD in the brain were detected; the changes in the protein expressions of AMPK, P-AMPK, DAF-16, FOXO3 and P-FOXO3 in the brain tissue were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#In mice with cerebral IR injury, treatment with FB significantly reduced the levels of ROS, MDA, PCO and 8-OHdG, increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes SOD, GSTα4, CAT and GPx, and enhanced phosphorylation of AMPK and FOXO3 and DAF-16 protein expression in the brain tissue (P < 0.01). Compared with FB treatment alone, the combined treatment with FB and CC significantly reduced phosphorylation of AMPK and FOXO3, lowered expression of DAF-16 and SOD activity, and increased cerebral infarction volume and ROS level in the brain tissue of the mice (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#FB inhibits oxidative stress injury caused by cerebral I/R in mice possibly by enhancing AMPK phosphorylation, promoting the downstream DAF-16 protein expression and FOXO3 phosphorylation, increasing the expression of antioxidant enzymes, and reducing ROS level in the brain tissue.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Antioxidants/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Brain Ischemia , Oxidative Stress , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Reperfusion Injury , Reperfusion , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 86-89, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995835

ABSTRACT

Objective:By exploring the management of subject complaints by the ethics committee, to identify and correct the problems that damage the rights of subjects in clinical drug trials, in order to improve the ability of the ethics committee of protecting the rights and interests of the subjects.Methods:We conducted a retrospective analysis of 13 cases of subject complaints accepted by the Ethics Committee of Peking University People′s Hospital from January to December 2021, analyzed the causes of complaints, and proposed countermeasures and suggestions.Results:Problems exist in the subject complaints regarding the payment of compensation, investigators′ communication attitude and skills, subjects′ understanding bias, etc.Conclusions:The ethics committee should attach great importance to subject complaints, adopt a closed-loop management process, carry out hierarchical management, strict ethical review, improve the ability of continuous supervision, conduct targeted training for investigators, and provide counseling services for subjects, to improve the communication between investigators and subjects, effectively reduce and avoid the occurrence of complaints. Relevant functional departments of medical and health institutions should work together to protect the rights and interests of the subjects.

5.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 725-731, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995784

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a new strategy for rapid correction of the interference of chyle blood on hemoglobin (HGB) and related indexes by reticulocyte (RET) channel research parameters (HGB-O, MCHC-O) from automatic hematological analyzer.Methods:With the diagnostic experimental design, a total of 90 impatient samples were sequential picked from Fuwai Hospital, which had routine blood testing from June 1 to July 31, 2021. The selected samples were free of hemolysis, jaundice, chylo. The age of the patients was (49.2±5.7) years, with 47 males and 43 females. Three different contents(25, 50, 75 μl) of fat emulsion injection were used to replace plasma in equal amounts to prepare chyle blood samples with mild, medium and heavy degrees of average red blood cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). The research parameters (HGB-O, MCHC-O) obtained by the RET channel detection of the automatic blood analyzer were used as the corrected HGB and its related index values (RET method), and the original values (the detection values before adding fat emulsion) and the formula correction values were paired with t-test or Wilcoxon signed rank test, single factor analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis rank-sum test, Bland-Altman and correlation analysis to evaluate the correction effect of RET method.Results:There was no significant difference ( H=0.035, P=0.983; H=0.097, P=0.953; H=0.112, P=0.945) between the RET correction values of HGB (g/L) [104.0(83.8, 132.8), 109.0(87.78, 128.25), 104.0(87.8, 131.8)] and the original values [104.0(83.0, 133.0), 107.5(86.75, 129.25), 103.5(85.8, 131.3)] and the formula correction values [104.0(84.0, 133.8), 106.0(86.75, 131.25), 102.5(86.8, 131.3)] in the samples of chythemia with varying degrees of MCHC (g/L) elevation; meanwhile, the RET correction values [366.5(325.8, 341.5), 333.5(323.8, 340.0), 333.5(327.0, 341.25)] and the original values [336.0(324.8, 342.0), 333.0(323.5, 342.3), 332.0(326.75, 340.5)] and the formula correction values [333.5(323.5, 343.3), 331.0(321.0, 338.3), 329.5(325.25, 337.25)] were also not statistically significant ( H=0.049, P=0.976; H=3.149, P=0.207; H=0.883, P=0.643). The detection values of HGB and related indexes corrected by RET method were in good agreement with the original values [96.7% (29/30) of the points were within the 95% consistency limit], and the two were positively correlated (the correlation coefficients were all higher than 0.919, P<0.01). Conclusion:The RET method based on the research parameters of RET channel of automatic hematological analyzer can serve as a new strategy to correct the interference of chyle blood on the detection of HGB and related indexes.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 132-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the surgical method and clinical efficacy of applying calf tissue flap combined with artificial bone of antibiotics loaded calcium sulphate in treatment of tibia osteomyelitis.Methods:From July 2018 to January 2021, calf tissue flaps combined with artificial bone of antibiotics loaded calcium sulphate (or mixed with iliac bone) were applied to treat 16 cases with tibia osteomyelitis in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery of Baoji Third Hospital. There were 10 males and 6 females, aged 15 to 64 years old, with a mean age of 41 years old. For the 5 cases with acute osteomyelitis caused by wound infection, local dressing changes and drainage or VSD wound management were applied after debridement, together with primary systemic anti-infection treatment. After the acute infection period had been under control and stabilised, the wounds were then thoroughly exposed and cavities were filled and covered with the surgical reconstruction procedure with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate in combination with calf tissue flaps. For the 11 cases with chronic and hypotoxicity osteomyelitis, calf tissue flaps combined with antibiotics-blended artificial bone of calcium sulphate were applied to fill the cavity and cover the wound in phase I surgical reconstruction after thorough debridement. For the 7 cases with large bone defects or larger cavities after debridement, a mixed bone grafts of antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate and autologous iliac bone were employed, with muscle flaps or myocutaneous flaps for an embedding repair. Sizes of the tissue flaps were 2.0 cm×3.5 cm to 12.0 cm×23.0 cm. Clinical outcomes were evaluated through follow-ups at outpatient clinic. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by the method described by McKee et al.Results:Except for 1 case of distal necrosis of tissue flap and survived after dressing change, the other tissue flap survived successfully. Postoperative follow-ups lasted for 12 to 40(mean 18) months. All the osteomyelitis were successfully cured, except 1 that had recurrence of osteomyelitis 1 year later, and treated with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate combined with autologous iliac bone implants after thorough debridement, and then healed well. The shape and texture of flaps were good. Protective sensations were restored to vary levels after 6 months. The calf regained weight-bearing and walking functions at 1 year after surgery. According to McKee et al., the therapeutic effect was evaluated: 11 cases were cured, 4 cases were improved, and 1 case relapsed, with an effective rate of 93.8%.Conclusion:Application of calf tissue flap combined with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate in the treatment of tibia osteomyelitis has a high cure rate and remarkable efficacy. It can significantly reduce the number of surgeries and shorten the course of disease.

7.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 312-316, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of supplementing psychological intervention with repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the rehabilitation of depressed persons with Parkinson′s disease (dPD).Methods:A total of 120 dPD patients were randomly divided into a psychological intervention group, an rTMS treatment group and an observation group, each of 40. In addition to conventional anti-Parkinson′s treatment and anti-depressant treatment, the psychological intervention group received such treatment and the rTMS group received 10Hz rTMS applied over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex for 8 weeks. The observation group received both interventions. Before and after the treatment, depression, neurological functioning and life quality were evaluated in all of the subjects using the 24-item Hamilton Depression Scale, the Movement Disorder Society′s unified Parkinson′s disease rating scale and the SF-36 questionnaire.Results:After the intervention, significant improvement was observed in all of the quantitative evaluations as well as in the remission rate (40%) and the reaction rate (90%). On average, the observation group′s results were significantly better than those of the other two groups.Conclusion:Psychological intervention and rTMS a have synergistic effect in treating dPD patients and their combination is worthy of clinical promotion and application, as it can relieve their depression and improve their neurological functioning and life quality.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 138-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994958

ABSTRACT

The paper reports a case of coenzyme Q10 deficiency nephrotic syndrome associated with coenzyme Q2 gene mutation and reviews the literature on this topic. The patient presented with hematuria, proteinuria, and a diminution of vision as clinical manifestations. But the proteinuria was not relieved after sufficient doses of glucocorticoids for over 2 months. The patient′s birth history was unremarkable, and his parents were both healthy and not consanguineous. Whole exome sequencing revealed that the patient had a mutation of coenzyme Q2 gene at c.973A>G(p.T325A) and c.517C>T(p.R173C). Combined with renal biopsy pathology, the patient was diagnosed with hereditary nephropathy and started the supplements of coenzyme Q10 after stopping glucocorticoid treatments immediately. After 5 weeks of therapy, the patient′s 24-h urine protein quantification decreased from 6.01 g to 1.53 g.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 101-111, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994953

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors for the occurrence of intradialytic hypotension (IDH) in elderly maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients based on longitudinal multidimensional data.Methods:This was a single-center, retrospective observational study. Data of MHD patients were retrospectively analyzed from April 3, 2017 to December 31, 2021 in the blood purification center of National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Diseases, General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command. IDH defined by the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative was used as outcome indicator. Generalized estimating equations were used for univariate and multivariate regression analysis. The importance of each factor on the occurrence of IDH was evaluated by chi-square statistic minus degrees of freedom, and sensitivity analysis was performed by 5-fold interpolation of missing data.Results:A total of 156 elderly patients were enrolled, 91(58.3%) of whom were male, and 2 681 dialysis data recordings were included. The incidence of IDH from 2017 to 2021 fluctuated from 8.3% to 13.2%, with an average incidence of 11.0% by 2021. The results of multivariate regression showed pre-dialysis systolic pressure of 140-159 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, 90-139 mmHg as reference: OR=0.482, 95% CI 0.273-0.851, P=0.012), pre-dialysis diastolic pressure ≥ 90 mmHg (60-89 mmHg as reference, 90-99 mmHg: OR=4.081, 95% CI 2.132-7.809, P < 0.001; ≥ 100 mmHg: OR=8.547, 95% CI 3.233-22.597, P < 0.001), albumin (34-48 as reference, < 34 g/L: OR=2.677, 95% CI 1.592-4.502, P < 0.001; > 48 g/L: OR=2.692, 95% CI 1.102-6.577, P=0.030), C-reactive protein ≥ 8 mg/L (< 8 mg/L as reference: OR=1.787, 95% CI 1.216-2.628, P=0.003), hemodiafiltration as the dialysis mode (hemodialysis as the reference: OR=2.256, 95% CI 1.395-3.648, P=0.001), actual ultrafiltration volume/dry body mass (per 1% increase, OR=1.539, 95% CI 1.139-2.080, P=0.005), and ultrafiltration rate (per 100 ml/h increase, OR=1.641, 95% CI 1.389-1.939, P < 0.001) were independently associated with the occurrence of IDH. Contribution analysis showed that the top three factors related to IDH were ultrafiltration rate ( χ 2- df=32.798), pre-dialysis diastolic pressure ( χ 2- df=20.757) and albumin ( χ 2- df=19.971). The sensitivity analysis showed that the regression results were robust. Conclusions:The risk factors of IDH in elderly MHD patients are increasing ultrafiltration rate, higher pre-dialysis diastolic pressure(≥ 90 mmHg), lower albumin (< 34 g/L), HDF, higher c-reactive protein(≥ 8 mg/L) and increasing actual ultrafiltration volume/dry body mass. Higher pre-dialysis systolic pressure (140-159 mmHg) is a protective factor.

10.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 346-353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994676

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the incidence and the related risk factors of postoperative delirium in liver transplantation (LT) recipients to provide rationales for early identification of delirium and constructing the related models.Methods:The authors used the "肝移植""移植术""肝移植手术""肝脏移植""移植肝""谵妄""谵语""危险因素""相关因素""影响因素"and "liver transplantation""liver transplant""delirium""delirious""delirium confusion""risk factors""relevant factors""root cause analysis"as the Chinese and English keywords, searching Wanfang data, China Biomedical Literature Database, CNKI, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, BMJ and the literature for the incidence or risk factors of postoperative delirium in LT recipients. The researchers independently performed literature screening, methodological evaluation and data extraction. And RevMan 5.4 and State16.0 software were employed for data processing.Results:A total of 19 articles involving 5003 samples were retrieved and 22 risk factors identifies. Meta-analysis showed that the incidence of POD was 23%(1151/5003). The statistically significant risk factors included preoperative blood ammonia concentration >46 mmol/L ( OR=3.51, 95% CI: 1.53-8.09, P<0.001), model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score >15 points ( OR=4.24, 95% CI: 2.51-7.16, P<0.001), preoperative hepatic encephalopathy ( OR=3.00, 95% CI: 2.09-4.31, P<0.001), preoperative dosing of diuretics ( OR=2.36, 95% CI: 1.38-4.04, P<0.001), history of alcoholism ( OR=3.16, 95% CI: 1.06-9.40, P=0.040), longer anhepatic period ( OR=1.04, 95% CI: 1.03-1.06, P<0.001) and elevated aspartate transaminase concentration at Day 1 post-operation ( OR=1.33, 95% CI: 1.15-1.53, P<0.001). Conclusions:Preoperative blood ammonia concentration >46 mmol/L, MELD score >15, hepatic encephalopathy, dosing of diuretic, a history of alcoholism, longer anhepatic period and elevated aspartate transaminase at Day 1 post-operation are risk factors for postoperative delirium after LT. Postoperative reintubation is not a risk factor for postoperative delirium.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 720-722, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine on painless gastroenteroscopy in the patients recovered from COVID-19.Methods:Eighty patients of either sex, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index <30 kg/m 2, undergoing elective painless gastroenteroscopy, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ, within 2nd to 7th weeks after diagnosis of COVID-19, who had a negative nucleic acid test or antigen test at present and presented with no respiratory symptoms in our hospital from January to February 2023, were selected and divided into 2 groups ( n=40 each) using a random number table method: dexmedetomidine group (group D) and control group (group C). Sufentanil 0.1 μg/kg was intravenously injected in two groups. Dexmedetomidine 0.2 μg/kg was intravenously injected in group D, and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group C. Propofol 1.5-2.0 mg/kg was intravenously injected after 2-3 min observation, and propofol 5-7 mg·kg -1·h -1 was intravenously infused to maintain sedation during operation. The development of bucking and hypoxemia during operation, total consumption of propofol, emergence time, time of hospital discharge, development of bradycardia and hypotension during operation, and scores for patients′ and endoscopic physicians′ satisfaction with anesthesia were recorded. Results:Compared with group C, the incidence of bucking and hypoxemia was significantly decreased, scores for endoscopic physicians′ satisfaction with anesthesia were increased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the other parameters in group D ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Low-dose dexmedetomidine can reduce the risk of bucking and hypoxemia during operation and raise the quality of anesthesia in the patients recovered from COVID-19 undergoing painless gastroenteroscopy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 778-782, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of thrombolytic therapy with intravenous alteplase(rt-PA)for elderly acute ischemic stroke patients on maintenance hemodialysis.Methods:In this retrospective study, data of 165 elderly patients with acute cerebral infarction on maintenance dialysis, aged 65-85, treated at the Stroke Center of the Fourth Central Hospital Affiliated to Nankai University between May 2018 and March 2021, were collected.Based on whether intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase(rt-PA)was used and differences in thrombolytic schemes, patients were divided into a conservative treatment group( n=58, receiving only standardized secondary stroke prevention), a low-dose rt-PA group( n=57, receiving rt-PA intravenous thrombolysis, 0.6 mg/kg)and a standard-dose rt-PA group( n=50, receiving rt-PA intravenous thrombolysis, 0.9 mg/kg). The safety and efficacy of rt-PA treatment were assessed. Results:The rate of effectiveness at 24 h and the rate of good prognosis at 7 d were 64.9%(37/57)and 70.2%(40/57)for the low-dose rt-PA group and 68.0%(34/50)and 74.0%(37/50)for the standard dose group, respectively.There was no significant difference between the two groups( χ2=0.417, P=0.518; χ2=0.636, P=0.425), but these rates were better than 29.3%(17/58)and 41.4%(24/58)for the conservative treatment group( χ2=10.583、16.714, P<0.001). The good prognosis rate at 90 days were 73.7%(42/57), 78.0%(39/50)and 69.0%(40/58)for the three groups, respectively, with no significant difference( χ2=1.126, P=0.569), but the fatality rate for the low-dose rt-PA group was 7.0%(4/57), lower than 18.0%(9/50)( χ2=5.420, P=0.020)for the standard dose rt-PA group and 20.0%(8/58)for the conservative treatment group( χ2=5.048, P=0.025). The incidence of intracranial hemorrhage was 8.8%(5/57)for the low-dose rt-PA group, lower than 24.0%(12/50)for the standard-dose rt-PA group( P=0.032). The incidence of extracranial complications was 15.8%(9/57)for the low-dose rt-PA group, lower than 36.0%(18/50)for the standard-dose group( P=0.017). Conclusions:For elderly patients with acute cerebral infarction on maintenance hemodialysis, intravenous thrombolytic therapy with low dose rt-PA should be considered with caution.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 404-409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993826

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the metabolic profile of fatty acids in elderly frail patients, and its value as a biomarker of frailty.Methods:Forty-nine older adults were recruited, of whom 19 were non-frail while 15 were in the pre-frail or frail phase.Targeted metabolomics was used to detect the serum levels of fatty acids, concerning 38 short-, medium-and long-chain fatty acids.Results:Metabolomics indicated elevated levels of 9 long-chain fatty acids in the serum of the elderly frail patients, with a 1.056-fold increase in the risk of fatigue for every 1 unit increase in the level of HOMO-γ-linolenic acid( OR=2.056, P=0.016). No metabolic differences were found between the pre-frail and non-frail groups.Three and seven long-chain fatty acids were negatively correlated with the grip strength and gait speed, respectively.The γ-linolenic acid was positively correlated with body mass index(BMI), percent body fat, visceral fat area and other indicators reflecting adipose tissue.However, no correlation was found between skeletal muscle, laboratory indicators or fatty acids.Five metabolic pathways were correlated with frailty, namely fatty acid biosynthesis, fatty acid metabolism, fatty acid elongation in mitochondria, linoleic acid metabolism and α-linolenic acid metabolism. Conclusions:Nine unsaturated fatty acids, including HOMO-γ-linolenic acid and γ-linolenic acid, may be potential biomarkers of frailty in the elderly.However, the value of fatty acid metabolomics for identifying pre-frail elderly people needs to be further investigated.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 248-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993802

ABSTRACT

Depression is a common mental illness in the elderly, which is associated with compromised quality of life, disability, suicide risk and mortality.Drug treatment of late-life depression has large adverse reactions and is prone to drug resistance.Therefore, non-pharmacological interventions have gradually become a research hotspot.This paper reviewed the research progress of non-pharmacological interventions of late-life depression at home and abroad in recent years, and provides a theoretical basis for further research on effective treatment of late-life depression.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 222-228, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993178

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the method of constructing automatic delineation model for clinical target volume (CTV) and partially organs at risk (OAR) of postoperative radiotherapy for prostate cancer based on convolutional neural network, aiming to improve the clinical work efficiency and the unity of target area delineation.Methods:Postoperative CT data of 117 prostate cancer patients manually delineated by one experienced clinician were retrospectively analyzed. A multi-class auto-delineation model was designed based on 3D UNet. Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), 95% Hausdorf distance (95%HD), and average surface distance (ASD) were used to evaluate the segmentation ability of the model. In addition, the segmentation results in the test set were evaluated by two senior physicians. And the CT data of 78 patients treated by other physicians were also collected for external validation of the model. The automatic segmentation of these 78 patients by CTV-UNet model was also evaluated by two physicians.Results:The mean DSC for tumor bed area (CTV1), pelvic lymph node drainage area (CTV2), bladder and rectum of CVT-UNet auto-segmentation model in the test set were 0.74, 0.82, 0.94 and 0.79, respectively. Both physicians' scoring results of the test set and the external validation showed more consensus on the delineation of CTV2 and OAR. However, the consensus of CTV1 delineation was less.Conclusions:The automatic delineation model based on convolutional neural network is feasible for CTV and related OAR of postoperative radiotherapy for prostate cancer. The automatic segmentation ability of tumor bed area still needs to be improved.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 361-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate (artificial bone or mixed iliac bone graft) in the treatment of foot and ankle osteomyelitis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 11 cases of foot and ankle osteomyelitis which had been treated at Department of Hand and Microsurgery, The Third Hospital of Baoji from October 2018 to October 2021. There were 8 males and 3 females, aged (42.3±23.7) years. The chronic hypotoxic osteomyelitis was repaired and reconstructed after thorough debridement at one stage with a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone to fill the cavity and cover the wound. The acute infected trauma was repaired and reconstructed after thorough debridement at the second stage with a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone to fill the cavity and cover the wound only after the acute infection was controlled by local dressing, drainage or negative pressure therapy and systemic anti-infection treatment at the primary stage. The flap size ranged from 3.5 cm × 2.0 cm to 12.0 cm × 6.0 cm. Four cases were treated by a peroneal artery perforator flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, 3 cases by a flap with peroneal artery perforator and peroneal nerve trophic vessel combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, 3 cases by a posterior tibial artery perforator flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, and one by a peroneus longus muscle flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone. Postoperatively, the flap survival, bone union time, ankle function and complications were observed; the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated by comparing infection control indexes at the final follow-up [clinical manifestations like local redness, swelling, pain, ulceration, and exudation, and white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and calcitoninogen (PCT)].Results:All the flaps survived except for one which developed necrosis at the distal 1/3 of the flap but responded to dressing change. All the patients were followed up for (22.6±11.5) months. The 6-month follow-up revealed that all the flaps were fine in shape and texture. Re-examinations showed that WBC, CRP, ESR and PCT were normal or close to normal, the local skin was free of redness, swelling or ulceration, and protective sensation was restored to varying degrees. X-ray at (12.1±2.3) months showed that lesions disappeared, bony union was achieved, the ankle joint regained basic flexion and extension, and the affected limb also regained weight-bearing and walking functions in all the patients but one whose X-ray at 18 months showed poor bony union but no other symptoms or signs.Conclusion:In the treatment of foot and ankle osteomyelitis, a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone can promote bone healing and restore the function of the foot and ankle because it not only fills the cavity and covers the wound but also effectively controls the infection.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 652-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal evidence for the nursing management of limb spasm in patients with spinal cord injury.Methods:Based on the "6S" evidence model, the databases including CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed and Cochrane Library, the guideline websites such as the National Guideline Clearinghouse, Guidelines International Network and Registered Nurses′ Association of Ontario, and the websites of professional associations such as the Royal College of Physicians, American Spinal Injury Association and Canadian Spine Association were systematically searched. Search period of each database was set from the year of inception until July 2022. Two investigators independently screened the literatures related to the management of limb spasm in patients with spinal cord injury, and conducted quality evaluation and evidence recommendation level evaluation.Results:Totally 17 literatures consisting of 6 guidelines, 3 expert consensuses, 5 systematic reviews, 2 evidence summaries, and 1 clinical decision were included. Moreover, 30 pieces of evidence were summarized from 3 aspects, including evaluation and identification, drug therapy (chemical denervation, and oral medication), rehabilitation training (hydrotherapy, electrical stimulation, magnetic stimulation, vibration therapy, heat and cold therapy, body position, and exercise therapy).Conclusion:Nursing staff can set up a multidisciplinary team according to the clinical environment and take into consideration of the characteristics of spinal cord injury patients to provide personalized interventions involving evaluation and identification, drug therapy, rehabilitation training, etc., so as to alleviate the degree of limb spasm.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 724-728, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992369

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect of Jianpi Huoxue Jiedu recipe on upper limb edema of spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation, blood stasis and toxin internal knot type after modified radical surgery for breast cancer.Methods:From January 2020 to May 2022, a total of 60 patients with upper limb edema of spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation, blood stasis and toxin internal knot type after modified radical surgery for breast cancer were selected and treated in Longyan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Xiamen University. They were divided into control group and observation group according to random number table, with 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with routine western medicine comprehensive swelling reduction surgery, while the observation group was treated with a combination of Jianpi Huoxue Jiedu recipe (1 dose/day, warmly-taken in the morning and evening) for one month on the basis of the control group. The clinical efficacy, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, edema diameter, breast cancer quality of life scale (FACT), and joint range of motion were compared between the two groups after treatment.Results:After one month of treatment, the total clinical effective rate of the observation group (93.33%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (70.00%, P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM syndrome scores (upper limb swelling, pain, fullness, sense of restraint, skin keratinization, itching, heaviness, stuffiness, and fatigue) of both groups of patients decreased compared to those before treatment, and the observation group was lower than the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the diameter of edema in the affected limbs was significantly reduced in both groups of patients, and the diameter of 10 cm above the wrist and elbow stripes in the observation group was smaller than that in the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the FACT scores of the two groups of patients significantly decreased, and the FACT scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the joint activity of the two groups of patients significantly increased, and the joint activity of the observation group was greater than that of the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The clinical efficacy of Jianpi Huoxue Jiedu recipe combined with western medicine in treating upper limb edema of spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation, blood stasis and toxin accumulation type after modified radical operation of breast cancer is better than that of western medicine alone. It can significantly improve the clinical symptoms, signs, quality of life, and joint mobility of upper limbs of patients, and reduce upper limb edema.

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Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 536-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992213

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE The preference for social novelty is crucial to the social life of humans and rodents.However,the neural mechanisms underlying social novelty preference are poorly understood.Dorsal hippocampal CA3(dCA3)is an important brain area that responds to social defeat stress,and the neural circuitry of dCA3→lat-eral septum(LS)participates in the context-associated memory.Meanwhile,the parvafox nucleus(PFN)Foxb1+ neurons regulate the defensive reaction to life-threaten-ing situations.Therefore,we investigate a cell-specific cir-cuit of dCA3CaMKⅡα+→dorsal LSGABA+→PFNFoxb1+ in social novelty preference.METHODS Chronic social defeat stress(CSDS)and three-chamber social interaction test were performed in adult male C57BL/6J mice to detect social behaviors.Optogenetic and chemical-genetic experiments were conducted to regulate the circuit.RESULTS CSDS reduced the preference for social nov-elty in mice and the response of dCA3CaMKⅡα+ neurons dur-ing approach to an unfamiliar mouse was impaired by CSDS.Optogenetic inhibition of dCA3CaMKⅡα+→dLS pro-jection reduced the preference for the unfamiliar mouse versus a familiar mouse.Meanwhile,optogenetic activa-tion of dCA3CaMKⅡα+→dLS projection rescued the prefer-ence for social novelty of CSDS-treated mice.Manipula-tions dLSGABA+→PFN projection activation regulated the preference for social novelty in mice.Optogenetic activa-tion of PFNFoxb1+→lPAG projection reduced the prefer-ence for a familiar C57BL/6J mouse versus a novel object in control mice.CSDS decreased the excitability of dCA3CaMKⅡα+ neurons by up-regulation of Kir2.4(Kcnj14)expression.CONCLUSION Our present study suggest-ed that activation of a cell-specific circuit of dCA3CaMKⅡα+→dLSGABA+→PFNFoxb1+→lPAG reverses the deficits of social novelty preference in defeated mice,and inhibition of this circuit reduces the preference for social novelty.The cir-cuit that regulates the preference for social novelty deficits may provide a new information for the potential therapeu-tic targets for neuropsychiatric diseases.

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