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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931954

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of the γ-aminobutyric acid(GABA) neurons and melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) neurons of the nucleus accumbens (NAc)-lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) neural pathway on the rewarding feeding(palatable food sweat condensed milk) in the obesity rats.Methods:Total 142 male Wistar rats of SPF grade were divided into normal diet (ND) group ( n=68) and high-fat diet induced obesity (DIO) group ( n=74) according to the principle of body mass matching. The rats in the two groups were given normal diet and high-fat diet for 8 weeks. Eight weeks later, 6 DIO rats were randomly selected to observe the nerve projection from GABA neurons in NAc to MCH neurons in LHA by fluorogold retrograde tracing combined fluorescence immunohistochemistry. And the expressions of c-Fos and MCH in LHA after ingestion of sweet condensed milk(rewarding feeding) were observed by fluorescence immunohistochemistry (6 rats in each group). GABA receptor agonist Musimol or GABA receptor antagonist Bicuculine was microinjected into the nucleus of LHA to observe the effect of GABA on rewarding food intake in ND and DIO rats ( n=8 in each group), and the changes of rewarding food intake after blocking MCH signal ( n=8 in each group). SPSS 17.0 was used for statistical analysis, two-way ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni test were used for comparison among multiple groups, and t-test was used for comparison between two groups. Results:After 8 weeks of high-fat diet modeling, the intake of delicious food in DIO rats was significantly higher than that in ND rats((12.52±2.29) mL, (7.45±1.23) mL, t=4.778, P<0.01) after satiety.The results of fluorogold retrograde tracing combined with fluorescence immunohistochemistry showed that GABA neurons in NAc projected nerve fibers to neurons in LHA, and GABA A receptors in some neurons in LHA coexisted with MCH.The results of NAc-LHA pathway on delicious food intake showed that the interaction between rat group and drug intervention was significant( F=9.869, P<0.01). Simple effect analysis showed that the intake of delicious food after microinjection of Musimol into LHA nucleus of ND rats was significantly lower than that of microinjection normal saline ((4.25±1.38) mL, (7.29±1.49) mL, P<0.01), while the intake of delicious food after injection of Bicuculine was significantly higher than that of microinjection normal saline((10.72±2.11) mL, (7.29±1.49) mL, P<0.05). The intake of delicious food after microinjection of Musimol into LHA nucleus in DIO group was significantly lower than that of microinjection normal saline((3.51±1.77)mL, (13.68±2.95) mL, P<0.01), but there was no significant difference between microinjection Bicuculine and microinjection normal saline ((14.83±3.44) mL, (13.68±2.95) mL, P>0.05). The results of blocking MCH signal on delicious food intake showed that the interaction effect between SNAP-94847 and Bicuculine intervention was not significant ( F=1.468, P>0.05). The main effect of SNAP-94847 intervention was significant ( F=15.880, P<0.01)and the main effect of Bicuculine intervention was significant ( F=6.930, P<0.05). After intracerebroventricular injection of MCH receptor blocker SNAP-94847, the delicious food intake of ND rats was significantly less than that of injection normal saline((4.78±1.72) mL, (7.63±2.77) mL, P<0.05), and it was not affected by pre injection of Bicuculine in LHA ((6.24±2.18) mL, (4.78±1.72) mL, P>0.05). In the DIO rats, the interaction effect between SNAP-94847 and Bicuculine intervention was not significant( F=0.006, P>0.05). The main effect of SNAP-94847 intervention was significant ( F=18.46, P<0.01) and the main effect of Bicuculine intervention was not significant ( F=2.059, P>0.05). After intracerebroventricular injection of MCH receptor blocker SNAP-94847, the delicious food intake of DIO rats was significantly lower than that of injection normal saline((6.89±2.11) mL, (12.19±4.36) mL, P<0.05), and it was not affected by pre injection of Bicuculine in LHA ((8.72±2.26) mL, (6.89±2.11) mL, P>0.05). Conclusion:GABAergic signal in NAc can regulate the expression of MCH in neurons of LHA. In the DIO rats, the sensitivity of MCH neurons in LHA to satiety signal decreases and the hedonic feeding increases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884827

ABSTRACT

The epidemic of COVID-19 has lasted for nearly a year, the number of confirmed cases worldwide is still rising, and the trend of the epidemic is unclear. How will be the further development of COVID-19 epidemic? What is the current status of research on new drugs for coronary virus disease? Will the vaccine currently used change the epidemic pattern? In the context of the normalization of the epidemic, whether the epidemiology of other respiratory viruses will change? This article will discuss and analyze these hot and difficult issues.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulation of orexinergic pathway from the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) to the nucleus accumbens (NAc) on gastric function and reward feeding.Methods:(1)Forty-eight rats were randomly selected and divided into six groups: normal saline (NS) group, 1 μg orexin-A group, 5 μg orexin-A group, 10 μg orexin-A group, 20 μg orexin receptor antagonist (SB334867) group, 20 μg SB334867 + 5 μg orexin-A group with eight in each group according to the random number table. The gastric motility of rats was observed by injecting orexin-A and SB334867 into NAc. (2)Thirty-two rats were randomly selected and divided into four groups according to the random number table, with eight in each group. They were divided into NS + sham stimulation (SS) group, NS + electrical stimulation (ES) group, SB334867(20 μg) + SS group, and SB334867(20 μg) + ES group. The gastric motility of rats were observed by electro-stimulation of rat LHA and rat NAc injection of SB334867. (3)In order to observe the feeding-behavior related conditioned place preference (CPP) and gastric function (such as gastric emptying and gastric secretion), thirty-two rats were randomly divided into four groups with eight in each group by using the method of NAc injection of orexin-A and SB334867 according to the random number table: NS group, orexin-A(5 μg), SB334867(20 μg), SB334867(20 μg) + orexin-A(5 μg). (4)Thirty-two rats were randomly selected in accordance with the random number table and divided into four groups with eight in each group: NS + SS group, NS + ES group, SB334867(20 μg) + SS group, SB334867(20 μg) + ES group, using electro-stimulation of rat LHA and rat NAc injection of SB334867, observing the feeding-behavior related CPP and gastric function (such as gastric emptying and gastric secretion).Results:(1)In the gastric motility experiment, both the NAc microinjection of orexin-A and electrical stimulation of the LHA significantly increased the amplitudes and frequencies of gastric contraction in rats, and these effects could be blocked by the pre-administration of SB334867 (10 min after administration of orexin-A: 10 μg orexin-A group (60.78±5.67)% vs NS group (7.35±1.08)%; t=26.18, P<0.05). (2)The results of gastric emptying showed that the rates of gastric emptying were significantly increased by the NAc microinjection of orexin-A and electrical stimulation of LHA, which were blocked by the SB334867 pretreatment (after electrical stimulation of LHA: NS + SS group (71.18±17.78)% vs NS+ ES group (132.23±31.18)%; t=4.81, P<0.05). (3)Orexin-A microinjection in the NAc and electrical stimulation of the LHA significantly increased gastric acid secretion, and these effects could be blocked by pre-injection of SB334867 in NAc (90 minutes after administration of orexin-A: orexin-A group(100.18±23.23) vs NS group (39.23±7.69); t=7.05, P< 0.05) in the gastric secretion experiment.(4)The results of CPP showed that the rats were kept in the chocolate compartment for a longer time after the NAc microinjection of orexin-A and electrical stimulation of the LHA, which could be blocked by the SB334867 pretreatment in NAc (after LHA was electrically stimulated: NS+ SS group (36.23±6.23)% vs NS+ ES group (53.36±6.66)%; t=5.31, P<0.05). Conclusion:There is an orexinergic pathway from LHA to NAc that may regulate gastric function and food reward.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867072

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of supportive-expressive group therapy (SEGT) on alexithymia in patients with lung cancer.Methods:Totally 62 lung cancer patients were divided into control group( n=30) and intervention group( n=32) by coin flipping method.The intervention group received 6-week supportive-expressive group therapy and the intervention path was improved by action research method.There was no special intervention in the control group.The Toronto alexithymia scale (TAS-20) and hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) were used for measurement, and statistical analysis was carried out by SPSS 21.0. Results:The emotional recognition disorder (Wald groupχ 2=6.055, Wald interactionχ 2=15.157), emotional description disorder (Wald groupχ 2=5.736, Wald interactionχ 2=28.912), TAS-20 (Wald groupχ 2=7.181, Wald interactionχ 2=28.126), anxiety (Wald groupχ 2=4.905, Wald interactionχ 2=30.491), depression (Wald groupχ 2=9.580, Wald interactionχ 2=29.417) and HADA (Wald groupχ 2=8.140, Wald interactionχ 2=47.851) had significant group effect and interaction effect at the pre-test, post-test and 1 month after intervention(all P<0.05). There was no significant group effect in extroverted thinking (Wald groupχ 2=1.161, P>0.05), but the time effect (Wald timeχ 2=6.381, P<0.05) and the interaction effect (Wald interactionχ 2=6.339, P<0.05) were significant in the three time points.The group effect of emotional recognition disorder, emotional description disorder, TAS-20, anxiety, depression and HADA score at completed intervention and 1 month after intervention were significant(all P<0.05). Compared with before intervention, TAS-20((52.94±4.77) , (52.06±4.07)), emotional recognition disorder((17.72±2.23) , (17.78±1.64)), emotional description disorder((13.44±1.94) , (13.41±1.79)), HADA((14.41±2.63) , (13.75±2.97)), anxiety ((7.03±1.64), (6.84±1.51)), depression ((7.38±1.45) , (6.91±1.75) ) at completed intervention and 1 month after intervention decreased ( P<0.05), while the HADS of control group only decreased at completed intervention ( P<0.05). Conclusion:SEGT can reduce alexithymia in lung cancer receiving chemotherapy, and this intervention has positive effect on improving anxiety and depression in lung cancer patients received chemotherapy who are accompanied with emotional cognitive impairment and emotional somatic symptom recognition disorder.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 901-905, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the content of fluorine in tea leachate in Shijiazhuang City.Methods:From 2017 to 2019, different varieties of tea (including 7 varieties of green tea, scented tea, dark tea, oolong tea, black tea, white tea, and yellow tea) with high sales volume were purchased at the Shijiazhuang Tea Market. The fluoride content in tea was determined by fluoride ion selective electrode method through different soaking time (5, 10, 15, 20 min) and soaking times (1, 2, 3 times).Results:A total of 82 tea samples were detected, including 25 kinds of green tea (30.49%), 5 kinds of scented tea (6.10%), 11 kinds of dark tea (13.41%), 17 kinds of oolong tea (20.73%), 15 kinds of black tea (18.29%), 7 kinds of white tea (8.54%) and 2 kinds of yellow tea (2.44%). After soaking for 20 min, the fluorine contents in tea leachate of green tea, oolong tea, black tea, and dark tea (40.63, 65.43, 26.39, 58.90 mg/kg) were significantly higher than those in 5 min(23.09, 32.24, 15.77, 32.00 mg/kg, P < 0.05). Taking the fluorine content of the tea leachate soaking for 20 min as the total fluorine content, oolong tea was the highest, with a median of 65.43 mg/kg; black tea was the lowest, with a median of 26.39 mg/kg; The fluorine contents of oolong tea, dark tea and scented tea were significantly higher than that of black tea( P < 0.05). With the increase of soaking times of green tea, oolong tea, black tea, dark tea and white tea, the fluorine contents in tea leachate decreased significantly ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:In this study, the content of fluorine in the oolong tea is the highest, and the lowest is black tea. It is suggested that local residents in Shijiazhuang should drink black tea.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824250

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of thalamic undefined (ZI)-nucleus accumbens (NAc) neural pathways on gastric distraction (GD)-sensitive neuronal firing activity and the impact on food intake,the number of times and the frequency in rats.Methods Six rats were randomly selected and the neural pathway between Zl and NAc in rat thalamus was observed by fluorescent gold (FG) retrograde tracing method.Eighty-two rats were randomly selected,and the gastric balloon was placed in gastric cavity,the microelectrode was placed in the NAc,and the stimulating electrode was placed in the ZI.The single-cell discharge recording method was used to observe the effect of electrical stimulation ZI on the excitability of GD-sensitive neurons in rat NAc.Eighteen rats were randomly selected and were divided into three groups according to the random number table.They were NS group,GABA group,GABA + GABA receptor antagonist bicuculline (BIC) group with 6 in each group,and the rat NAc was used to embed the cannula.The method of GABA and BIC was injected to observe the changes of cumulative food intake in rats for 4 h.Eighteen rats were randomly selected and randomly divided into three groups:sham stimulation (SS) group,50 μA electrical stimulation group,50 μA electrical stimulation + BIC group with 6 in each group.The 4 h cumulative food intake of rats was observed by electro-stimulation of rat ZI and rat NAc injection of BIC.Results Fluorescent gold retrograde tracking combined with fluorescent immunohistochemical staining showed that there were visible GABA and fluorescent gold double labeled neurons in ZI.Electrical stimulation of ZI,the frequency of GABA-sensitive GD neurons in rat NAc increased significantly (GD-E increase:(78.8±8.4) %,GD-I increase:(89.3±9.2) %,P<0.01),but the inhibitory effect was antagonized by BIC (GD-E increase:(113.8 ± 13.6)%,GD-I increase:(121.8± 14.2)%,P<0.01).Microinjection of GABA in rat NAc significantly increased the cumulative food intake for 4 h ((155.72± 18.84) kcal,t=3.41,P<0.05),which was antagonized by partial BIC (123.43± 15.11) kcal,t =3.28,P< 0.05).Electrical stimulation of ZI significantly increased the food intake in rats ((39.07± 11.27) kcal,t =2.96,P<0.05),and this effect can be partially antagonized by BIC ((34.17 ± 10.85) kcal,t =2.33,P< 0.05).Conclusion The ZI-NAc neural pathway regulates the discharge activity of rat gastric distension (GD)-sensitive neurons and the feeding status of rats,and the GABA receptor signaling pathway may be involved in mediating the process.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743706

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the influence of personality on the occurrence of dental trauma of school-aged children. Methods:The school-aged children with dental trauma who came to visit our department were randomly recruited. The Eysenck Personality Scale was used to test the subjects who met the inclusion criteria. Results: 306 children were included in the study. There was a statistically significant association between personality type and the number of traumatic teeth (P < 0. 05) and the number of traumatic teeth in children with extroversion was higher than that of children with neutrality or introversion (P < 0. 05) . Conclusion: Extroverted personality is a significant correlation factor affecting the severity of dental trauma in children, and it is of great significance to provide scientific guidance and warning for them to prevent tooth trauma.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801374

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate whether γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of thalamic undefined (ZI)-nucleus accumbens (NAc) neural pathways on gastric distraction (GD)-sensitive neuronal firing activity and the impact on food intake, the number of times and the frequency in rats.@*Methods@#Six rats were randomly selected and the neural pathway between ZI and NAc in rat thalamus was observed by fluorescent gold (FG) retrograde tracing method.Eighty-two rats were randomly selected, and the gastric balloon was placed in gastric cavity, the microelectrode was placed in the NAc, and the stimulating electrode was placed in the ZI. The single-cell discharge recording method was used to observe the effect of electrical stimulation ZI on the excitability of GD-sensitive neurons in rat NAc.Eighteen rats were randomly selected and were divided into three groups according to the random number table. They were NS group, GABA group, GABA + GABA receptor antagonist bicuculline (BIC) group with 6 in each group, and the rat NAc was used to embed the cannula. The method of GABA and BIC was injected to observe the changes of cumulative food intake in rats for 4 h. Eighteen rats were randomly selected and randomly divided into three groups: sham stimulation (SS) group, 50 μA electrical stimulation group, 50 μA electrical stimulation + BIC group with 6 in each group. The 4 h cumulative food intake of rats was observed by electro-stimulation of rat ZI and rat NAc injection of BIC.@*Results@#Fluorescent gold retrograde tracking combined with fluorescent immunohistochemical staining showed that there were visible GABA and fluorescent gold double labeled neurons in ZI. Electrical stimulation of ZI, the frequency of GABA-sensitive GD neurons in rat NAc increased significantly (GD-E increase: (78.8±8.4)%, GD-I increase: (89.3±9.2)%, P<0.01), but the inhibitory effect was antagonized by BIC (GD-E increase: (113.8±13.6)%, GD-I increase: (121.8±14.2)%, P<0.01). Microinjection of GABA in rat NAc significantly increased the cumulative food intake for 4 h ((155.72±18.84) kcal, t=3.41, P<0.05), which was antagonized by partial BIC (123.43±15.11) kcal, t=3.28, P<0.05). Electrical stimulation of ZI significantly increased the food intake in rats ((39.07±11.27) kcal, t=2.96, P<0.05), and this effect can be partially antagonized by BIC ((34.17±10.85)kcal, t=2.33, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The ZI-NAc neural pathway regulates the discharge activity of rat gastric distension (GD)-sensitive neurons and the feeding status of rats, and the GABA receptor signaling pathway may be involved in mediating the process.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810284

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To explore the expression regulation of type 1 and type 2 (Th1 and Th2) cytokines from serum of coal miners and the evaluation in surveillance of coal workers' pneumoconiosis, 630 coal miners were studied.@*Methods@#A total of 90 male patients diagnosed as coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) in a institute for occupational health and 19 male workers newly diagnosed as CWP patients was chosen as CWP group with simple random sampling method from a coal mine group from January 2013 to December in 2015. 180 male coal miners with abnormal but not diagnosed as CWP were selected as CWP suspected group with simple random sampling methods, meanwhile 180 male coal miners with normal chest X-ray photograph was as dust-exposed group by 1∶1 matched as age. And 161 healthy males accepted pre-employed examination were selected as control group, CWP suspected group, dust-exposed group and control group called as non-CWP group. According to screening test and diagnosis test, the basic information and occupational history of all subjects were collected, and cytokines including IL-1β, IL-8, IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-10 of serum were detected. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cutoff value of each cytokine. Area under curve (AUC), the validity and reliability were calculated and judged.@*Results@#The average age of control group, dust-exposed group, CWP suspected group and CWP group were (27.4±5.0) , (43.4±10.7) , (48.2±6.2) , (64.7±7.0) years old, respectively. The median level of IL-1β, IL-8, IFN-γ and IL-6 in cases group (1 638.30, 2 099.49, 815.18,140.32 pg/ml) were higher than that of non-cases group (1 445.57, 1 402.26, 736.38, 95.73 pg/ml) (P<0.05) . The level of IL-8 (1 503.99 pg/ml) in CWP suspected group was higher than that of control group (1 295.67 pg/ml) and dust-exposed group (1 376.94 pg/ml) , but the level of IL-10 (654.08 pg/ml) was lower than that of control group (596.64 pg/ml) . The ratio of IFN-γ/IL-6 ranged from 5 to 8, and the ratio in CWP group (5.87) was lower than that of non-CWP group (7.61) . The IL-6 and IL-8 among the subjects of dust-exposed group in terms of the age distribution of among had reached statistical significance. According to ROC, the cutoff value of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and INF-γ reached 1 582.65, 116.53, 1 791.54, 581.08 and 792.69 pg/ml, respectively. The AUC was 0.668, 0.895, 0.859, 0.716 and 0.637, respectively. It was found that IL-6 and IL-8 could be used as biomarkers in detecting CWP, the sensitivity and specificity was 82.6% and 84.6%, 78.0% and 84.8%, respectively; Youden's index was 0.674 and 0.628 and the consistency rate was 84.3% and 83.7%, while Kappa value was 0.55 and 0.52.@*Conclusion@#There was Type 1 and type 2 cytokine dysregulation in CWP patients. IL-6 and IL-8 can be used as effective biomarkers to forecast lung injury before X-ray changes.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806521

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the changes of T-lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of children with hand, foot and mouth disease(HFMD).@*Methods@#CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, and Springerlink were searched for articles published from January 2014 to October 2017 with "HFMD, lymphocyte subsets, T-lymphocyte subsets" . Two reviewers selected the studies and extracted the data independently. We performed data analysis using RevMan 5.3 and Stata 14.0 software.@*Results@#Twenty-three studies were included in this meta-analysis. Mild vs. severe: The mean difference (MD) and 95% CI of CD3+ CD4+ T cells, CD3+ CD8 + T cells, CD3+ T cells and CD4/CD8 were 7.27 (5.91, 8.63), 3.40 (0.68, 6.12), 11.56 (8.59, 14.53), 0.24 (0.14, 0.34), higher than the severe group. Mild vs. control: The MD and 95% CI of CD3+ CD4+ T cells, CD3+ CD8+ T cells, CD3+ T cells and CD4/CD8 were -5.62 (-7.16, -4.07), -1.79 (-2.79, -0.79) -6.85 (-9.63, -4.07), -0.27 (-0.48, -0.05) respectively, lower than those in healthy controls. Severe vs. Ccontrol: The MD and 95% CI of CD3+ CD4+ T cells, CD3+ CD8+ T cells, CD3+ T cells and CD4/CD8 were -12.03 (-14.99, -9.07), -5.45 (-7.47, -3.43) -18.52 (-24.92, -12.12), -0.46 (-0.71, -0.20) respectively, lower than those in healthy controls.@*Conclusions@#T-lymphocyte subsets in children with HFMD were related to their condition of disease and declined as the disease worsened.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of orexin-A on firing activity of gastric distensionsensitive (GD) neurons in the basomedial amygdala (BMA) and food intake in diet-indaced obese rats.Methods Healthy male Wistar rats were selected,and the diet-induced obesity (DIO) rat model and dietinduced resistant (DR) rat model were established by high-fat diet.The effects of orexin-A and an opioid receptor antagonist naloxone on BMA GD neurons were observed by recording the extracellular potentials of single neurons.The effects of orexin-A and naloxone on the food intake of different rats were observed by using BMA catheterization.The mRNA expression and protein expression of orexin-1 receptor (OX-1R) and μ opioid receptor were detected by real-time PCR and Elisa,respectively.Results After microinjection of orexinA into the BMA,the firing frequency of GD-sensitive neurons in the normal rats was significantly increased (GD-E:(78.3±6.9)%,GD-Ⅰ:(55.5±4.7) %,P<0.01),and this effect was completely blocked by OX-1R receptor antagonist SB334867,and naloxone partially blocked the discharge-promoting effect of orexin-A;Compared with the normal rats,the firing frequency of GD-sensitive neurons in the DIO (GD-E:(91.6±7.1) %,GD-Ⅰ:(67.9±8.1) %) and DR(GD-E:(87.9±6.8) %,GD-Ⅰ:(69.2±5.8) %) rats was significantly increased after BMA injection of orexin-A (P<0.05).After administration of orexin-A into the BMA,food intake of the normal rats,DIO rats and DR rats ((2.38±0.34) g,(3.75 ±0.32) g,(4.01 ±0.38) g,respectively) was significantly increased (P<0.01),and the food intake of DR and DIO rats were significantly higher than that of normal rats (P<0.05).After BMA was injected with naloxone,the food intake of rats was inhibited,and the food intake of the DIO rats was significantly lower than that of the DR rats (P<0.05),food intake of the DR rats was significantly lower than that of the normal rats (P<0.05).The results of real-time PCR showed that the mRNA levels of OX-1R in DIO and DR rats were(5.85±0.45)and (6.03±0.42)were higher than that of normal rats,and the difference was significant (P<0.05);and mRNA levels of μ-opioid receptors in DIO and DR rats((4.51±0.42) and (8.31±0.41) times) were higher than those in normal rats (P<0.05).The results of Elisa showed that the protein levels of OX-1R in DIO ((2.98±0.28) ng/μl)and DR rats ((3.05±0.31) ng/μl) were higher than those in normal rats ((1.53±0.31) ng/μl,P<0.05).The content of μ-opioid receptor protein in DR rats ((4.21±0.35) ng/μl) was higher than that of DIO rats ((2.77±0.27) ng/μl),and higher than that of normal rats((1.48±0.32) ng/μ),the difference was significant (P<0.05).Conclusion BMA orexin-A promotes the spontaneous discharge of GD-sensitive neurons and food intake in normal rats,DIO rats and DR rats,μ-opioid receptors may be involved in the regulation of this process.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697495

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinical reference pulpal blood flow(PBF) values detected by laser doppler flowmetry(LDF) in healthy young population and to analyze their possible affected factors. Methods: Undergraduate students at the age of 17-23 years were enrolled. PBF of 12-22 were detected by LDF based on the standard procedure. Difference of the test results between different sex was analyzed by T test and variance homogeneity test, and the correlation with age was analyzed by the chi-square test, and the difference between the different teeth was analyzed by the random group analysis. Results: 400 students(250 males and 150 females with the average age of 19. 83 years) met the inclusion criteria. The clinical reference values of PBF of different anterior teeth were obtained by the detection of LDF. For the same tooth, PBF values of females were higher than that of males (P< 0. 05). PBF values of different ages shared no statistical significance(P> 0. 05). For the same gender, PBF values of middle incisor were higher than that of lateral incisors(P< 0. 05). Conclusion: The determination of the clinical reference values of PBF detected by LDF may promote the clinical use of this technology.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694644

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of serum Clara cell secretory protein 16 (CC16), pulmonary surfactant protein D (SP-D) in children with pneumonia and its clinical significance. Methods A total of 81 pediatric patients with community-acquired pneumonia were selected, including severe pneumonia with mechanical ventilation group (n=21), severe pneumonia with non-mechanical ventilation group (n=30), mild pneumonia group (n=30), and the control group (n=20) was selected in the physical examination of healthy children over the same period. We detected the concentration of serum CC16, TNF-α, IL-6 and SP-D for the 4 groups by ELISA, and evaluated the clinical values of serum CC16, TNF-α, IL-6 and SP-D for severe pneumonia by using ROC curve.We recorded pulmonary dynamic compliance(Cdyn),airway resistance(Raw),peak inspiratory pressure (PIP), work of breathing (WOB) and other respiratory mechanical parameters, and analyzed the correlations between CC16 and TNF-α, IL-6, SP-D and respiratory mechanical parameters. Results The concentrations of serum CC16 in pneumonia group were all significantly lower than that in the control group, and those in severe pneumonia groups were lower than that in mild pneumonia group, and mechanical ventilation group was lower than that in non-mechanical ventilation; the concentration of serum TNF-α, IL-6 and SP-D in pneumonia groups were all obviously higher than that in the control group, and severe pneumonia group were higher than that in mild pneumonia group, and those in mechanical ventilation group were also higher than that in non-mechanical ventilation group (P<0.05). Compared to that before removing the ventilator, concentration of serum CC16 in severe pneumonia with mechanical ventilation group decreased significantly at 1 hour and lowered down at 72 hours; but the concentration of serum TNF-α, IL-6 and SP-D in severe pneumonia with mechanical ventilation increased significantly at 1 hour and went higher at 72 hours, the differences were all statistically significant (all of P<0.05); compared to that before weaning from the ventilator, the value of Cdyn decreased obviously in severe pneumonia with mechanical ventilation at 72 hours and lowered down at 1 hour; but the values of Raw, PIP, WOB in severe pneumonia with mechanical ventilation increased obviously at 72 hours and more higher at 1 hour, the differences were all statistically significant (all of P<0.05). The concentration of serum CC16 showed all negative correlations with TNF-α, IL-6 and SP-D, but it showed positive correlation with Cdyn(all of P<0.01).In the ROC curve,the area under the ROC curve of CC16,TNF-α,IL-6 and SP-D in serum was 0.905, 0.704, 0.832, 0.825, respectively (for all of which P<0.01). Conclusion The concentrations of serum CC16 and SP-D were associated with the severity of community acquired-pneumonia in children. The level of serum CC16 was positive associated with Cdyn in children with mechanical ventilation. CC16 has better prediction and evaluation effect on the change of severe pneumonia.

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Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 5048-5053, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615396

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to explore the Ventromedial Hypothalamic Orexin-1 and Orexin-1 Receptors in Regulation of Gastric Acid Secretion in Conscious Rats.Methods:Rats were anaesthetized and fitted with a stainless steel carmula placed just above the VMH or paracele,after random allocation orexin-A,[Pro34]-peptide YY and [CPP1-7,NPY19-23,Ala31,Aib32,Gln34] -pancreatic polypeptide were injected in the VMH;SB-334867 was intraperitoneal injection;atropine was subcutaneous injection;GR-231118 and CGP-71683 were injected in the paracele.Using pyloric ligation model,tests the effect of different drugs on rat gastric acid secretion and gastric juice volume.Results:OXA induced dose-dependent increase of gastric acid secretion;SB-334867 induced dose-dependent inhibition of gastric acid secretion.The stimulatory effect of OXA on acid secretion was inhibited by SB-334867;atropine induced dose-dependent increase of gastric acid secretion and block the effect of orexin-A on gastric acid secretion;the gastric acid secretion was inhibited by GR-231118 or CGP-71683,and GR-231118 or CGP-71683 were blocked the effect of orexin-A on gastric acid secretion;Intraventromedial hypothalamic injections of [CPP1-7,NPY19-23,Ala31,Aib32,Gln34]-pancreatic polypeptide increased gastric acid secretion.Conclusion:It is suggested that endogenous orexin-A acts on the ventromedial hypothalamus to stimulates acid secretion.This stimulatory effect is probably mediated through orexin receptor,Y1 and Y5 receptor,and the vagus nerve system.

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Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 5038-5042,5078, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Orexin peptides on feeding and energy metabolism in mice.Methods:The mice were divided into two groups:feeding group and metabolic group.The feeding group were injected with different doses (1,3 and 10 nmol) of orexin-A and orexin-B to observe their effects on feeding and the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase in liver.We used the metabolic cages and observed the changes of respiration rate and respiration rate of mice were under light condition,dark condition and fasting condition.Results:Compared with the control group,1 nmol and 10 nmol orexin-A significantly stimulated mice to feed (P <0.05) within 4 hours after injection,and the effect of 3 nmol orexin-A on feeding was not obvious,but increase the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase.Any dose of orexin-B did not show a stimulating effect on mice feeding.(P >0.05).In the light cycle,orexin-A could significantly reduce the respiration rate (RQ),the metabolic rate was significantly increased (P <0.05);In the dark cycle,orexin-A had no effect on RQ,but the metabolic rate was significantly rised (P <0.05);But the injection of orexin-A in fasting mice induced a brief increase in RQ and a significant increase in metabolic rate (P <0.05).Conclusion:Orexins may play an important role in regulating feeding and energy metabolism in mice.

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Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4831-4836,4891, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615164

ABSTRACT

Objective:The current study investigated the effects of nesfatin-1 in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on gastric motility and the regulation of the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA).Methods:The projection of nerve ?ber and expression of nesfatin-1 were observed by retrograde tracing and fluo-immunohistochemistry staining;The nuclei microinjection and nuclei electrical stimulation,extracellular discharges of single unit neuron were used to observe the effects of nesfatin-1 on the GD neurons;Gastric motility recording in vivo were used to monitor the effects of nesfatin-1 on the amplitude of constriction and frequency of gastric motility in conscious rats.Results:Nesfatin-1 inhibited the majority of the GD-E neurons(1.97± 0.12 Hz vs.1.15± 0.07 Hz) and excited GD-I neurons (1.74± 0.10 Hz vs.3.04± 0.18 Hz) in the PVN,which were weakened by oxytocin receptor antagonist H4928 (GD-E:1.38± 0.08 Hz,P<0.05 vs.nesfatin-1;GD-I:2.49± 0.15 Hz,P<0.05 vs.nesfatin-1).Gastric motility experiments showed that administration ofnesfatin-1 in the PVN decreased gastric motility.Retrograde tracing and immunofluorescent staining showed that nucleobindin-2/nesfatin-1 and fluorogold double-labeled neurons were observed in the LHA.Electrical LHA stimulation excited the firing rate of GD-responsive neurons (GD-E:2.06± 0.12 Hz vs.4.23± 0.21 Hz,GD-I:1.61± 0.09 Hz vs.4.83± 0.25 Hz) in the PVN.Pre-administration of an antinucleobindin-2/nesfatin-1 antibody in the PVN strengthened gastric motility,decreased GD-E neurons (1.74± 0.10 Hz vs.3.04± 0.18 Hz) and excited the discharging of the GD-I neurons(4.15± 0.18 Hz vs.4.83± 0.25) induced by electrical stimulation of the LHA.Conclusion:Nesfatin-1 in the PVN could serve as an inhibitory factor to inhibit gastric motility,which might be regulated by the LHA.

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Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 5227-5232,5246, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615143

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Objective:This study aimed to explore the effects ofnesfatin-1 on gastric distension (GD)-sensitive neurons in the basomedial amygdala (BMA) and the potential mechanism for nesfatin-1 to regulate gastric motility through the arcuate nucleus (Arc).Methods:The projection of nerve fiber and expression of nesfatin-1 were observed by retrograde tracing and fluo-immunohistochemistry staining;The nuclei microinjection and nuclei electrical stimulation,extracellular discharges of single unit neuron were used to observe the effects ofnesfatin-1 on the GD neurons;Gastric motility recording in vivo were used to monitor the effects ofnesfatin-1 on the amplitude of constriction and frequency of gastric motility in conscious rats.Results:NUCB2/Nesfatin-1/fluorogold-double labeled neurons were from ARC to BMA;Nesfatin-1 could excited the firing rate of most of the GD-E neurons (4.25± 1.02 Hz vs.5.32± 1.17 Hz,P<0.01) and decreased the firing rate of most of the GD-I neurons (3.73± 0.92 Hz vs.2.64± 0.86 Hz,P<0.01),inhibited the gastric motility,amplitude and frequency,SHU9119 could weaken the responses induced by nesfaton-1;Electrical stimulation of the Arc,the firing rate of nesfatin-1-induced GD-response neurons (GD-E:5.14± 1.32 Hz vs.6.75± 1.84 Hz,P<0.05;GD-I:2.84± 0.86 Hz vs.4.05± 1.12 Hz,P <0.05) and the gastric amplitude and frequency were increase.Conclusion:It was suggested that nesfatin-1 in the BMA plays an important role in decreasing gastric motility and the Arc may be involved in this regulation process.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 455-459, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496695

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the protective effect of ghrelin on hippocampal injury induced by global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and explore its effect mechanisms.Methods The male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups,namely sham group,I/R group,normal saline (NS)+I/R group and Ghrelin+I/R group,with 42 rats in each group.The model of I/R was reproduced by clipping bilateral carotid artery of rats 15 minutes and then releasing them for 60 minutes.There were no challenges for rats in sham group,just exposed their carotid artery.Ghrelin+I/R group and NS+I/R group were challenged by injecting 1 μ.L ghrelin or NS into lateral ventricle before I/R.Some of brain tissue in the rats was harvested after experiment to determine the levels of malonaldehyele (MDA),myeloperoxidase (MPO) and glutathione (GSH) in hippocampus by using chemical colorimetry and observe infarct sizes and histopathology.Single extracellular neuron discharge in other rats was recorded to observe the activity of glutamic sensitive neurons (Glu-N) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) sensitive neurons (GABA-N) in hippocampus CA1 region of rats suffered I/R.Results Compared with sham group,the levels of MDA and MPO in hippocampus of rats in the I/R group were raised markedly,the level of GSH was decreased significantly,the infarct sizes was increased significantly and pycnosis neurons were increased markedly.All sorts of indexes between NS+I/R group and I/R group showed no significantly statistical significance.Compared with NS+I/R group,the levels of MDA and MPO in hippocampus of rats in the Ghrelin+I/R group were decreased significantly [MDA (nmol/g):16.4 ± 4.2 vs.24.5 ± 6.7,MPO (nmol/g):6.4 ± 1.8 vs.10.2 ± 2.9,both P < 0.05],the activity of GSH was risen remarkably (μmol/g:2.65 ± 0.72 vs.1.66 ± 0.50,P < 0.05),the infarct sizes of hippocampus were reduced markedly [(43.9 ± 9.5)% vs.(77.0 ± 12.7)%,P < 0.01],the number of pycnosis neuron was reduced markedly (cells:36.2±4.5 vs.47.1 ±6.1,P < 0.01).The results of electrophysiology showed that the discharge frequency of Glu-N and GABA-N in hippocampus CA1 region of rats in I/R group increased markedly as compared with sham group,and no significant difference in the discharge frequency of Glu-N and GABA-N between NS+I/R group and I/R group.Compared with NS+I/R group,injected ghrelin could make the discharge frequency of Glu-N in hippocampus CA1 region of rats decreased markedly (Hz:3.81 ±0.67 vs.4.98±0.33 at ischemia,3.01 ±0.37 vs.3.77 ± 0.41 at reperfusion,both P < 0.05),and the discharge frequency of GABA-N increased markedly (Hz:5.62 ± 0.54 vs.3.62±0.39 at ischemia,4.81±0.48 vs.3.71±0.21 at reperfusion,both P < 0.05).Conclusion Ghrelin might protect hippocampal neuron after I/R iniury,and neuron excitability decrease might be related.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To evaluate the psychological quality and its influencing factors of mine rescue staff.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 310 on front line rescue staff from the mines in Tangshan were sampled by random cluster sampling method.Our own designed measurement tools for psychological quality, including Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ), attention test scale, willpower test scale and reactive agility test were used to investigate the psychological quality of mine rescue staff. All tests were conducted in quiet state.Other information including age, length of service for rescue, sex, education, smoking and drinking, and so on were collected at the same time. The mood and influencing factors on psychological quality of the rescue staff were also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The personality traits of mine rescue staff are close to the national norm.0.6% (2/310) staff showed weak willpower.20.7% (64/310) staff had unstable mood. The E and N factor scores in 20-29 years old group (12.7 ± 4.3 and 12.1 ± 5.1) were higher than 30-39, 40-49, 50-59 years old groups (E factor scores:11.4 ± 3.9, 10.6 ± 3.7 and 10.7 ± 3.9; N factor scores:11.0 ± 5.1, 9.4 ± 4.9 and 6.3 ± 3.4, respectively) (FE = 4.28, FN = 11.35, all P < 0.01) . The L factor score in 40-49 and 50-58 years old groups (13.0 ± 4.2 and 14.8 ± 3.6) were higher than 20-29 and 30-39 years old groups (11.5 ± 3.8 and 12.2 ± 3.8) (F = 6.08, P < 0.01) . Multivariate analysis found that the psychological quality of mine rescue staff was mainly influenced by the length of service (β'E factor = -0.12, β'willpower = -0.12), the amount of participating rescue (β'P factor = 0.12, β'N factor = -0.14), alerting duty (β'L factor = 0.16, β 'error number of target tracking = -0.161) , daily training (β'attention = 0.22,β'total number of aimed at the test = -0.18) and life events (β'N factor = -0.14,β'L factor = 0.13,β'correct number of target tracking = -0.18).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mine rescue staff had high level psychological quality, length of service. the amount of participating rescue, and life events in the year effect the psychological quality of mine rescue staff.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergency Responders , Psychology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mining , Quality of Life , Rescue Work , Stress, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430368

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the functional role of thyroidal motilin and the effects of electric excitation of the paraventricular nuclei(PVN) on gastric motility and the levels of motilin in thyroid and plasma.Methods The expression of motilin in rat and human thyroid was detected by immunofluorescence staining.A phase Ⅲ-like contraction was recorded before and after thyroidectomy and after PVN excitation.The changes in concentrations of plasma FT3,FT4 and motilin were determined via radioimmunoassay (RIA).c-Fos expression of PVN after thyroidectomy and motilin expression in thyroid after PVN excitation were observed by immunohistochemical staining.Results There were motilin immunoreactive cells in rat and human thyroid.The phase Ⅲ-like contraction and concentration of motilin in plasma decreased significantly when measured on the second and fourth days after thyroidectomy(2d,P<0.01 ;4d,P<0.05).The expression of c-Fos in PVN after thyroidectomy was significantly increased(P<0.05).An electric excitation of PVN could increase the concentration of motilin in plasma and thyroid and increase corresponding gastric motility in rats (P <0.05).The increased phase Ⅲ-like contraction by PVN excitation could be partially inhibited by administration of motilin receptor antagonist,GM-109 (P<0.05).Excitation of PVN in thyroidectomized rats resulted in lower plasma motilin and less intense phase Ⅲ-like contraction of stomach,as compared with the sham operated control group(P<0.05).Conclusion Motilin from the thyroid may be secreted into the peripheral plasma to affect gastric motility and PVN may modulate gastric motility and motilin expression in the thyroid.

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