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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of relationship between the expression of miRNA181a-5p and imbalance of Treg/Th17 in the pathogenesis of primary immune thrombocytopenia(ITP), which contributes to clarify the mechanism of T cell immune imbalance in ITP patients.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood was collected from 37 ITP patients, concluding 21 untreated patients and 16 effectively treated patients, and 19 healthy controls; Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated and the expression of miRNA181a-5p and Notch1 was analyzed by RT-PCR. The proportion of Th17 subsets and Treg cells in the peripheral circulation was detected by flow cytometer (FCM). Clinical data of ITP group was collected, including age, platelet count and disease course.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly decreased in ITP group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly higher than that of ITP group (P<0.05), but still significantly lower than that of healthy control group (P<0.01); The expression of Notch1 was significantly increased in ITP group and effectively treated group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in proportion of Treg cells in ITP group, effectively treated group and healthy control group (P>0.05). The proportion of Th17 subsets in ITP group was significantly increased than that of healthy control group (P<0.05), while the ratio of Treg/Th17 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the expression of miR-181a-5p and ratio of Treg/Th17 in ITP group (r=0.555).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-181a-5p is significantly decreased in ITP patients, which is closely related to the imbalance of Treg/Th17 cells. After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p can be significantly corrected, but still failed to reach the level of healthy people. While the expression of Notch1 is significantly increased in ITP patients, and could not reach the level of healthy people after effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 90-96, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928514

ABSTRACT

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors γ (PPARγ) is a master regulator that controls energy metabolism and cell fate. PPARγ2, a PPARγ isoform, is highly expressed in the normal prostate but expressed at lower levels in prostate cancer tissues. In the present study, PC3 and LNCaP cells were used to examine the benefits of restoring PPARγ2 activity. PPARγ2 was overexpressed in PC3 and LNCaP cells, and cell proliferation and migration were detected. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining was used to detect pathological changes. The genes regulated by PPARγ2 overexpression were detected by microarray analysis. The restoration of PPARγ2 in PC3 and LNCaP cells inhibited cell proliferation and migration. PC3-PPARγ2 tissue recombinants showed necrosis in cancerous regions and leukocyte infiltration in the surrounding stroma by H&E staining. We found higher mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) and lower microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) expression in cancer tissues compared to controls by immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. Microarray analysis showed that PPARγ2 gain of function in PC3 cells resulted in the reprogramming of lipid- and energy metabolism-associated signaling pathways. These data indicate that PPARγ2 exerts a crucial tumor-suppressive effect by triggering necrosis and an inflammatory reaction in human prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Male , Mice , PC-3 Cells , PPAR gamma/genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Signal Transduction , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effect of modified Chevron osteotomy of the distal end of the first metatarsal in the treatment of moderate and severe hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to January 2019, 28 patients(30 feet) with moderate and severe hallux valgus were treated with modified Chevron osteotomy combined with lateral soft tissue release of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, including 2 males (2 feet) and 26 females (28 feet). The age ranged from 35 to 74 (57.3±9.3) years;10 feet on the left, 16 feet on the right, 2 cases on both sides(4 feet);the course of disease was 3 to 12 (9.32±3.89) years. The changes of hallux valgus angle(HVA), intermetatarsal angle(IMA) between the first and second metatarsals and distal metatarsal articular angle(DMAA) of the first metatarsal were measured and compared before and 6 months after operation. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) thumb joint scoring system was used to evaluate the curative effect.@*RESULTS@#All 28 patients were followed up for 8 to 16 (11.28±3.42) months. The incision healed well in all patients, and there were no complications such as incision infection and metatarsal head necrosis. The healing time of osteotomy site was 6 to 10(7.12±1.34) weeks. Preoperative HVA, IMA, DMAA and AOFAS were (36.06±6.02) °, (21.78±4.16) °, (8.21±2.65) ° and (52.90±10.97) respectively, at six months after operation, they were (8.87±2.46) °, (11.66±2.84) °, (3.65±1.00) ° and (87.45±10.55) respectively, there was significant difference between preoperative and 6 months after operation(P<0.05). At 6 months after operation, AOFAS score was excellent in 20 feet, good in 7 feet and poor in 3 feet. Among the 3 patients with poor scores, 2 were excellent after revision, and 1 was significantly improved after using custom insoles.@*CONCLUSION@#Modified Chevron can effectively correct HVA, IMA and DMAA and improve functional recovery. The modified Chevron osteotomy increases the moving distance and the contact of the osteotomy surface. It can be fixed with multiple screws, has strong correction ability, and can exercise early. It is one of the optional methods for the treatment of moderate and severe hallux valgus.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Humans , Male , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Metatarsophalangeal Joint/surgery , Middle Aged , Osteotomy , Radiography , Treatment Outcome
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1375-1386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924758

ABSTRACT

We predicted the anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) active components and mechanism of Salvia miltiorrhiza based on network pharmacology. The active components of S. miltiorrhiza were obtained through TCMSP, PubChem database and literature research. The potential targets of the active components and HBV infection were predicted by SwissTargetPrediction and GeneCards databases, respectively. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by String database. Cytoscape software was adopted to construct a visual network of active component-disease target and perform topological analysis. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed using DAVID platform. The molecular docking of key components and core targets was carried out by AutoDock Vina software. We screened out a total of 38 active components and 178 disease-component overlapping targets. Enrichment analyses obtained 405 related GO items and 68 signaling pathways, such as T/B cell receptor signaling pathways, PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and mTOR signaling pathway. According to the results of molecular docking, most characteristic components of S. miltiorrhiza (miltionone Ⅱ, miltirone, protocatechuic acid, lithospermic acid, protocatechualdehyde) showed good affinity with the key targets (PIK3CA, APP, STAT3,AKT1 and mTOR). Furthermore, the anti-HBV activity of lithospermic acid, the representative active component of S. miltiorrhiza, and its regulation on PI3K/AKT and mTOR signaling pathways were investigated in an HBV replicating mouse model. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Animal Ethics and Welfare Committee of Hubei University. The results showed that lithospermic acid significantly inhibited HBV DNA replication, reduced serum HBsAg and HBeAg levels, and decreased the phosphorylation protein expression levels of AKT and mTOR in liver, indicating that lithospermic acid might exert the anti-HBV activity by regulating PI3K/AKT and mTOR signaling pathways.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 741-749, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922894

ABSTRACT

The crude Et2O extract of soft coral Sarcophyton glaucum, collected off the Xisha, the South China Sea, were investigated. A new cembrane-type diterpenoid, namely 15-dehydroxy-sarcophytrol D (1), together with twenty-five known compounds, namely ximaoglaucumin C (2), (11S,12S,1E,3E,7E)-11,12-epoxycembra-1,3,7-triene (3), sarcophytol W (4), cembrene (5), sarcophytol B (6), sarcophytol K (7), sarcophytol J (8), pentaene-cembrene (9), sarcophytol E (10), (+)-marasol (11), (2S)-sarcophytoninsarcophytoxide (12), (-)-17-hydroxydeepoxysarcophytoxide (13), (+)-sarcophytoxide (14), 13-acetoxysarcophytoxide (15), bophynin B (16), 16-oxosarcophytoxide E (17), sarcophinone (18), 7α-8β-dihydroxydeepoxysarcophine (19), (+)-sarcophine (20), 14-dehydroxy-sarcophytol L (21), sarcophytol L (22), 13α-hydroxy-sarcophytol L (23), trocheliophol C (24), trocheliophol E (25) and trocheliophol L (26), were isolated and purified by comprehensive chromatography methods of silica gel column, Sephadex LH-20 gel column, TLC, and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In anti-inflammatory bioassay, compound 4 exhibited inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in BV-2 microglial cells.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 669-672, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922874

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To study the relationship between astigmatism and keratoconus by using Pentacam anterior segment analyzer.METHODS:Totally 88 patients(93 eyes)with early keratoconus were divided into clinical keratoconus group(43 cases, 46 eyes)and subclinical keratoconus group(45 cases, 47 eyes)according to related standards. Meanwhile, 40 patients(41 eyes)with history of myopia and astigmatism(astigmatism ≥2.0D)were recorded as the control group. The keratoconus index(KI), corneal index of surface variance(ISV)and index of vertical asymmetry(IVA)were determined using Pentacam anterior segment analyzer, and their diagnostic value for keratoconus was analyzed.RESULTS:The parameters of Pentacam anterior segment analyzer were different among the three groups(<i>P</i><0.05). Rmin was the highest, and other parameters were the lowest in the control group. Rmin was lower, and other parameters were higher in the clinical keratoconus group than in the subclinical keratoconus group(<i>P</i><0.05). The area under curve(AUC)values of ISV, KI, IVA, index of highest decentration(IHD), aberration coefficient(ABR), corneal anterior surface maximum keratometry(Kmax), posterior corneal surface elevation(PE), minimun radius of curvature(Rmin)and corneal anterior surface elevation(AE)in the diagnosis of clinical keratoconus were 1, 1, 1, 1, 0.950, 0.919, 0.951, 1 and 0.992, with good sensitivity and specificity. IVA, Rmin, AE, and PE had better sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of subclinical keratoconus. The AUC values were 0.927, 0.923, 0.954, and 0.947, respectively.CONCLUSION:Pentacam anterior segment analysis system has great value in early diagnosis of keratoconus.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the therapeutic mechanism of tanshinone IIA in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 100 male SD rats were randomized into 5 groups (n=20), and except for those in the control group with saline injection, all the rats were injected with monocrotaline (MCT) on the back of the neck to establish models of pulmonary hypertension. Two weeks after the injection, the rat models received intraperitoneal injections of tanshinone IIA (10 mg/kg), phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor (1 mg/kg), both tanshinone IIA and PI3K inhibitor, or saline (model group) on a daily basis. After 2 weeks of treatment, HE staining and α-SMA immunofluorescence staining were used to evaluate the morphology of the pulmonary vessels of the rats. The phosphorylation levels of PI3K, protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the lung tissue were determined with Western blotting; the levels of eNOS and NO were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).@*RESULTS@#The results of HE staining and α-SMA immunofluorescence staining showed that tanshinone IIA effectively inhibited MCT-induced pulmonary artery intimamedia thickening and muscularization of the pulmonary arterioles (P < 0.01). The results of Western blotting showed that treatment with tanshinone IIA significantly increased the phosphorylation levels of PI3K, Akt and eNOS proteins in the lung tissue of PAH rats; ELISA results showed that the levels of eNOS and NO were significantly decreased in the rat models after tanshinone IIA treatment (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Treatment with tanshinone IIA can improve MCT-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats through the PI3K/Akt-eNOS signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Abietanes , Animals , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Male , Monocrotaline/toxicity , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/therapeutic use , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Pulmonary Artery , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936146

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of hepatitis B virus (HBV) on helper T lymphocytes 17 (Th17), regulatory T lymphocyte (Treg) and Th17/Treg ratio in chronic hepatitis B patients in different alanine aminetransferase (ALT) stages.@*METHODS@#In the study, 336 chronic hepatitis B patients in the first hospital of Lanzhou University were analyzed. The hepatitis B antigen antibody parameters were measured by chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer, the liver function parameters were measured by automatic biochemical analyzer, the HBV loads were measured by quantitative PCR, Th17, Treg and Th17/Treg ratios were detected by flow cytometry. Among them, 111 cases (ALT < 40 U/L) of ALT were normal hepatitis B, 108 cases of chronic hepatitis B with ALT above normal upper limit and < 2 times higher (40 U/L≤ALT < 80 U/L), and 117 cases of chronic hepatitis B with ALT above 2 times normal upper limit (80 U/L≤ALT). According to the viral load, they were divided into low replication group with HBV DNA < 4.0 lg copies/mL, medium replication group with 4.0 lg copies/mL≤HBV DNA < 6.0 lg copies/mL and high replication group with HBV DNA ≥ 6.0 lg copies / mL. Dunnett T3 variance analysis were used to analyze the effects of HBV on Th17, Treg and Th17/Treg ratio in the chronic hepatitis B patients in different ALT stages. The changes of virological and immunological indexes before and after treatment were observed for 24 weeks of antiviral therapy in the hepatitis B patients with ALT≥double upper limit of normal group.@*RESULTS@#In the ALT normal group, different virus load HBV had minor effects on Th17, Treg and Th17/Treg ratio. In the ALT≥2 times upper limit of normal group, with the virus load increased, Th17 (3.18%±0.79% in low replication group, 3.78%±0.92% in medium replication group and 4.57%±1.15% in high replication group), Treg cells (5.52%±1.58% in low replication group, 5.89%±1.84% in medium replication group and 6.37%±2.35% in high replication group) and their ratio Th17/Treg (0.57±0.25 in low replication group, 0.65±0.29 in medium replication group and 0.73±0.36 in high replication group) were significantly increased (P < 0.05). After entecavir treatment 24 weeks, the patient' s HBV-DNA decreased significantly, Th17 (3.89%±1.02% vs. 2.06%±0.46%), Treg (6.02%±2.03% vs. 5.06%±1.25%), Th17/Treg ratio (0.65±0.28 vs. 0.41±0.14) decreased significantly (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Investigation on the effects of HBV on Th17 and Treg cells and their ratios in different ALT states can clarify the effects of HBV on the body from the immunological perspective and can further understand the ALT grouping for antiviral treatment theoretical significance, which is helpful for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Alanine/therapeutic use , Alanine Transaminase/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 166-180, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929081

ABSTRACT

Neuroscientists have emphasized visceral influences on consciousness and attention, but the potential neurophysiological pathways remain under exploration. Here, we found two neurophysiological pathways of heart-brain interaction based on the relationship between oxygen-transport by red blood cells (RBCs) and consciousness/attention. To this end, we collected a dataset based on the routine physical examination, the breaking continuous flash suppression (b-CFS) paradigm, and an attention network test (ANT) in 140 immigrants under the hypoxic Tibetan environment. We combined electroencephalography and multilevel mediation analysis to investigate the relationship between RBC properties and consciousness/attention. The results showed that RBC function, via two independent neurophysiological pathways, not only triggered interoceptive re-representations in the insula and awareness connected to orienting attention but also induced an immune response corresponding to consciousness and executive control. Importantly, consciousness played a fundamental role in executive function which might be associated with the level of perceived stress. These results indicated the important role of oxygen-transport in heart-brain interactions, in which the related stress response affected consciousness and executive control. The findings provide new insights into the neurophysiological schema of heart-brain interactions.


Subject(s)
Awareness , Brain , Consciousness , Humans , Oxygen , Visual Perception
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of interactive dynamic scalp acupuncture (IDSA), simple combination therapy (SCT), and traditional scalp acupuncture (TSA) on cognitive function, depression and anxiety in patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment.@*METHODS@#A total of 660 patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment who were admitted to 3 hospitals in Shenzhen City between May 2017 and May 2020 were recruited and randomly assigned to the IDSA (218 cases), SCT (222 cases) and TSA groups (220 cases) according to a random number table. All the patients received conventional drug therapy for cerebral stroke and exercise rehabilitation training. Scalp acupuncture and computer-based cognitive training (CBCT) were performed simultaneously in the IDSA group, but separately in the morning and in the afternoon in the SCT group. The patients in the TSA group underwent scalp acupuncture only. The course of treatment was 8 weeks. Before treatment (M0), 1 (M1) and 2 months (M2) after treatment, as well as follow-up at 1 (M3) and 2 months (M4), the cognitive function of patients was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) Scales; depression, anxiety, sleep quality, and self-care ability of patients were assessed using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Modified Barthel Index (MBI), respectively. During this trial, all adverse events (AEs) were accurately recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the MMSE, MoCA, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI, and MBI scores among the 3 groups at M0 (all P>0.05). In the IDSA group, the MMSE, MoCA and MBI scores from M2 to M4 were significantly higher than those in the SCT and TSA groups, while the HAMD, HAMA and PSQI scores were significantly reduced (all P<0.01). The changes of all above scores (M2-M0, M4-M0) were significantly superior to those in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01, except M4-M0 of HAMD). At M2, the severity of MMSE, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI and MBI in the IDSA group was significantly lower than that in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01). There was no serious AE during this trial.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IDSA can not only significantly improve cognitive function, but also reduce depression, anxiety, which finally improves the patient's self-care ability. The effect of IDSA was significantly better than SCT and TSA. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR1900027206).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety/therapy , Cognition , Depression/therapy , Humans , Scalp , Sleep Quality , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on vasomotor symptoms in rats with acute cerebral infarction, by observing the changes in the expression of factors related to the phosphatidylinositol (PI) system.@*METHODS@#Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the control group (n=6), the model group (n=18) and the EA group (n=18). The EA group was given EA treatment at Shuigou (GV 26) instantly after modeling with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method, while the model and control groups were not given any treatment. The degrees of neurological deficiency were evaluated using neurological severity scores (NSS) and the brain blood flow was evaluated by a laser scanning confocal microscope. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect the expression levels of G-protein subtype (Gq) and calmodulin (CaM). Competition for protein binding was conducted to detect the expression level of inositol triphosphate (IP3). Thin layer quantitative analysis was conducted to detect the expression level of diacylglycerol (DAG). The expression level of intracellular concentration of free calcium ion ([Ca@*RESULTS@#The NSS of the model group was significantly higher than the control group at 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while the EA group was significantly lower than the model group at 6 h (P<0.01). The cerebral blood flow in the model group was significantly lower than the control group at 1, 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while for the EA group it was remarkably higher than the model group at the same time points (P<0.01). The expressions of Gq, CaM, IP3, DAG and [Ca@*CONCLUSION@#EA treatment at GV 26 can effectively decrease the over-expression of related factors of PI system in rats with acute cerebral infarction, improve cerebral autonomy movement, and alleviate cerebral vascular spasm.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Phosphatidylinositols , Rats , Rats, Wistar
12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 142-148, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935853

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the imaging features of condylar cystic degeneration of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) by cone-beam CT (CBCT), spiral CT, MRI and radionuclide bone imaging. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2020, thirty-two patients with cyst-like lesions of condylein temporomandibular joint were examined by CBCT, spiral CT, MRI and radionuclide bone imaging at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in General Hospital of Chinese PLA. There were 12 males and 20 females involved, aged from 16 to 65 years with an average age of (33.9±12.5) years. The characteristics of CBCT, spiral CT, MRI and radionuclide bone imaging were analyzed. Condylar cyst like lesions were classified as type A and type B based on the presence or absence of surface bone defects. Condylar cyst like lesions were classified as type Ⅰ(yes) and type Ⅱ(no) according to the accompanying bone marrow edema-like lesions of the condyles. The incidence of condylar bone marrow edema, disc displacement and abnormal bone metabolism were analyzed. Results: A total of 64 joint images of 32 patients were included, including 34 sides with TMJ cyst-like lesion and 6 sides with multiple cyst-like lesions,the total cyst-like lesions were 42. The largest diameter of cyst-like lesion ranged from 1.0 to 12.4 mm, with an average length of (3.7±1.8) mm. There were 24 cases of type A TMJ cyst like lesion and 10 cases of type B cyst-like lesion. The detection rate of CBCT was 95.2% (40/42) and that of spiral CT was 100% (42/42), there was no significant difference (Calibration Chi-square=0.51, P=0.474). The detection rate of nuclear magnetic resonance was 80.1% (34/42), and the detection rate of cyst-like lesions less than 2 mm was 3/11. In the cyst like lesion side, there were 9 sides with anterior disc displacement with reduction, 20 sides with anterior disc displacement without reduction. In the non-cyst like lesion side, 10 sides with anterior disc displacement with reduction and 6 sides with anterior disc displacement without reduction. There was a significant difference in the displacement of the disc between cyst-like and non-cystic lesion side (χ²=7.80, P=0.005). MRI showed that 6 cases of cystic side[17.6% (6/34)] had bone marrow edema-like lesions (all type A), 1 case of non-cyst like lesions side [3.3% (1/30)]had bone marrow edema-like lesion, there was no significant difference between cystic and non-cystic lesions (Calibration Chi-square=2.04, P=0.153). There was a significant difference between type A and B cystic lesions (Fisher exact probability method, P= 0.024). Radionuclide bone imaging showed abnormal bone metabolism in 26 patients in the cyst-like lesion side and 5 patients in the non-cyst like lesion side (χ²=22.82, P<0.001). Conclusions Multi-slice Spiral CT could detect the cyst-like lesion of TMJ condyle in the early stage, which is different from the large joint. And the formation mechanism may vary from the different classifications.

13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 196-201, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935850

ABSTRACT

Peripheral nerve injuries are mainly related to severe trauma, fracture and tumor surgery, leading to reduced quality of life and impaired physical and mental health. The repair of peripheral nerve still faces great challenges in clinic, and the research on the regeneration and repair of peripheral nerve has become a hot issue in related disciplines. Cell therapy plays an irreplaceable role in tissue regeneration and repair. Schwann cells are ideal cells for peripheral nerve repair, but their limited sources inhibit the clinical application. Dental pulp stem cells are derived from neural crest, which provides a new cell source for nerve regeneration. The purpose of this article is to review the research progress of dental pulp stem cells for peripheral nerve repair.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Dental Pulp , Humans , Peripheral Nerve Injuries , Quality of Life , Stem Cells
14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 142-148, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935840

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the imaging features of condylar cystic degeneration of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) by cone-beam CT (CBCT), spiral CT, MRI and radionuclide bone imaging. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2020, thirty-two patients with cyst-like lesions of condylein temporomandibular joint were examined by CBCT, spiral CT, MRI and radionuclide bone imaging at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in General Hospital of Chinese PLA. There were 12 males and 20 females involved, aged from 16 to 65 years with an average age of (33.9±12.5) years. The characteristics of CBCT, spiral CT, MRI and radionuclide bone imaging were analyzed. Condylar cyst like lesions were classified as type A and type B based on the presence or absence of surface bone defects. Condylar cyst like lesions were classified as type Ⅰ(yes) and type Ⅱ(no) according to the accompanying bone marrow edema-like lesions of the condyles. The incidence of condylar bone marrow edema, disc displacement and abnormal bone metabolism were analyzed. Results: A total of 64 joint images of 32 patients were included, including 34 sides with TMJ cyst-like lesion and 6 sides with multiple cyst-like lesions,the total cyst-like lesions were 42. The largest diameter of cyst-like lesion ranged from 1.0 to 12.4 mm, with an average length of (3.7± 1.8) mm. There were 24 cases of type A TMJ cyst like lesion and 10 cases of type B cyst-like lesion. The detection rate of CBCT was 95.2% (40/42) and that of spiral CT was 100% (42/42), there was no significant difference (Calibration Chi-square=0.51, P=0.474). The detection rate of nuclear magnetic resonance was 80.1% (34/42), and the detection rate of cyst-like lesions less than 2 mm was 3/11. In the cyst like lesion side, there were 9 sides with anterior disc displacement with reduction, 20 sides with anterior disc displacement without reduction. In the non-cyst like lesion side, 10 sides with anterior disc displacement with reduction and 6 sides with anterior disc displacement without reduction. There was a significant difference in the displacement of the disc between cyst-like and non-cystic lesion side (χ²=7.80, P=0.005). MRI showed that 6 cases of cystic side[17.6% (6/34)] had bone marrow edema-like lesions (all type A), 1 case of non-cyst like lesions side [3.3% (1/30)] had bone marrow edema-like lesion, there was no significant difference between cystic and non-cystic lesions (Calibration Chi-square=2.04, P=0.153). There was a significant difference between type A and B cystic lesions (Fisher exact probability method, P=0.024). Radionuclide bone imaging showed abnormal bone metabolism in 26 patients in the cyst-like lesion side and 5 patients in the non-cyst like lesion side (χ²=22.82, P<0.001). Conclusions Multi-slice Spiral CT could detect the cyst-like lesion of TMJ condyle in the early stage, which is different from the large joint. And the formation mechanism may vary from the different classifications.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Cysts , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Mandibular Condyle/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Multimodal Imaging , Temporomandibular Joint/diagnostic imaging , Temporomandibular Joint Disc , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided coil embolization for gastric varices.Methods:Patients with portal hypertension who received endoscopic ultrasound-guided coil embolization for the prophylaxis of gastric variceal bleeding between November 2016 and August 2020 at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were included in the study. The primary evaluation index was the post-operative loss of blood flow in gastric varices, and the secondary indices included the safety of coil embolization, rebleeding rate, portal vein thrombosis changes and patient survival.Results:A total of 13 patients with isolated gastric varices and portal systemic shunt were enrolled, including 6 males and 7 females with the median age of 58 years. The median maximum diameter of the target vessel was 40 mm and the median number of coils used was 2.7. All puncture sites were in the lower part of the esophagus near the cardia, and no active bleeding occurred after deployment of coils. Flow in the gastric varices were confirmed absent by Doppler imaging. In a median follow-up period of 403 days, 2 patients had rebleeding, with the one-year rebleeding rate of 9.1%.Two patients developed portal venous thrombosis after the operation. Two patients died, and the one-year survival rate was 90.0%.Conclusion:Endoscopic ultrasound-guided coil embolization might be an effective option for the treatment of isolated gastric varices with portal systemic shunts.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934073

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors involved in gastritis, gastric intraepithelial neoplasia (GIN) and gastric cancer in Shihezi area.Methods:A total of 7 110 Han nationality patients who underwent gastroscopy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Shihezi University School of Medicine from January 2012 to December 2016 were selected as the research subjects. The data of patients were obtained through medical records and questionnaires. After excluding diseases related to esophagus and duodenum, a total of 4 429 cases were included in the retrospective analysis. Of which, 4 249 were gastritis, 93 were GIN, and 87 were gastric cancer. χ2 test, rank-sum test or Fisher exact probability method were used to analyze the differences of various factors in gastritis, GIN and gastric cancer. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen the risk factors for gastritis progression to GIN and gastric cancer. Results:χ2 test and rank sum test showed that there were statistically significant differences in gender, age, history of digestive diseases and distribution of Helicobacter pylori ( HP) infection among the groups of gastritis, GIN and gastric cancer ( P<0.05). The proportion of HP infection decreased gradually with the disease severity. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that male ( P<0.001, OR=2.251, 95% CI: 1.461-3.470), elderly ( P<0.001, OR=4.829, 95% CI: 2.241-10.409), a family history of gastric cancer ( P=0.002, OR=3.227, 95% CI: 1.537-6.774) and a history of digestive diseases ( P=0.034, OR=1.644, 95% CI: 1.037-2.607) were independent risk factors for gastritis progression to GIN. Male ( P<0.001, OR=3.254, 95% CI: 2.026-5.225), middle-aged ( P=0.022, OR=2.688, 95% CI: 1.153-6.265) and elderly ( P=0.002, OR=4.734, 95% CI: 1.750-12.807) were independent risk factors for gastritis progression to gastric cancer. In stratified analysis to exclude age and gender, smoking ( P=0.028, OR=4.060, 95% CI: 1.160-14.202) was found to be a risk factor for gastritis progression to GIN in young adults, and obesity ( P=0.032, OR=3.869, 95% CI: 1.121-13.356) was found to be a risk factor for gastritis progression to gastric cancer in women. Conclusion:The degree of HP infection in gastric tissues is negatively correlated with the severity of gastric diseases, suggesting that HP infection may be an early event inducing gastric cancer. Male, the elderly, people with a family history of gastric cancer and a history of digestive diseases, and young smokers in Shihezi are more likely to develop GIN, and male, middle-aged, elderly, and obese women are at increased risk of gastric cancer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933375

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between weight change from age 20 to middle age and diabetes risk.Methods:A total of 10 104 residents over 40 years old were recruited in Guangzhou. The final analysis data set is a cohort of 6 272 patients from the REACTION study. Quartile of weight changes from age 20 to middle-age was used as an independent variable to explore its association with newly diagnosed diabetes. Simple and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to calculate OR and 95% CI. Results:The prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes in study cohort was 15.7%. Weight changes from age 20 to middle-age was significantly higher in diabetes group( P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis found in general population and overweight people [24.0≤body mass index(BMI)<28.0 kg/m 2], after adjusting for gender, age, educational level, family history of diabetes, drinking, SBP, waist circumference, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C), TG, ALT, AST, the risk of diabetes increased in line with the magnitude of weight change( P=0.081). While in group of lean, normal and obese adult, no significant association has been found. Conclusion:The risk of diabetes increased with weight change in general population and overweight people, indicating that weight change in adults after age of 20 was positively associated with diabetes. It is suggested the importance of weight management in the prevention of dialetes.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and side effects between simultaneous and sequential integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy after operation for high-grade glioma.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 142 patients with high-grade glioma who underwent postoperative radiotherapy from January 2010 to December 2017. All patients were divided into the simultaneous and sequential integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy groups. Concurrent temozolomide chemotherapy was delivered during radiotherapy in two groups. The follow-up outcomes were statistically compared between two groups.Results:For the whole group, the median overall survival (OS) was 24 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 17 months, and the median disease-free survival (DFS) was 25 months. In the simultaneous and sequential integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy groups, the median OS were 27.2 and 21.0 months ( P=0.950), the median PFS were 21.2 and 15.0 months ( P=0.21), and the median DFS were 28.0 and 18.0 months ( P=0.171), and the disease control rates were 92.86% and 85.17%( P=0.541), respectively. There was no statistical difference in OS, PFS, DFS, short-term efficacy and side effects between two groups. However, the conformity index in the simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy group was better than that in the sequential integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy group ( P=0.032). Conclusions:Postoperative simultaneous and sequential integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy yield no statistical differences in the survival, short-term efficacy and side effects in the treatment of high-grade glioma. However, the conformity index in the simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy group is significantly better, which can be recommended for postoperative radiotherapy of high-grade glioma.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 653-657, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932114

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to evaluate the rebleeding risk and prognosis of patients being treated after acute esophageal varices bleeding by two different treatment strategies: sclerosing agent combined with tissue glue injection, esophageal varices ligation (EVL), through comparing the therapeutic effects and securities.Methods:A total of 76 patients who underwent endoscopy and received treatment in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University due to acute esophageal variceal bleeding were included retrospectively. 6 patients with active bleeding and 70 patients with thrombus in esophagus varices under gastroscopy. Among them, 21 cases were treated with sclerosing agent combined with tissue glue injection (sclerosing tissue glue group), and 55 cases were treated with EVL (EVL group). The emergency endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of the two groups were compared, and the risk factors of rebleeding 6 months after endoscopic treatment were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.Results:All patients received endoscopic treatment successfully. During the follow-up period of 6 months after endoscopic treatment, rebleeding occurred in 13 cases. Kaplan Meier analysis showed that the 6-month rebleeding rate in the sclerosing tissue glue group was significantly higher than that in the EVL group (41.6% vs 12.3%, P=0.011). There were 8 deaths in total. Kaplan Meier analysis showed that there was no significant difference in 6-month mortality between the two groups (17.5% vs 10.1%, P=0.616). Multivariate analysis further showed that malignant tumor ( HR=3.700, 95% CI: 1.187-11.536, P=0.024) and treatment mode of esophageal variceal bleeding ( HR=4.834, 95% CI: 1.443-16.193, P=0.011) were independent risk factors for rebleeding 6 months after endoscopic treatment of acute esophageal variceal bleeding. Conclusions:This study found that EVL and the combining injection of lauromacrogol and cyanoacrylate could be used in emergent hemostatic treatment for acute esophageal varices bleeding. Moreover, EVL is the prioritized approach in endoscopic emergency treatment with a lower rebleeding rate and fewer complications. Sclerotherapy combined with tissue glue can be used as one of the measures of emergency treatment, which is not better than ligation.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 649-652,657, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between thromboelastography (TEG) and portal vein thrombosis in patients with cirrhotic esophagogastric varices.Methods:210 hospitalized patients with cirrhotic esophagogastric varices treated in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from December 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively included. They were divided into portal vein thrombosis group (PVT group) and non portal vein thrombosis group (NPVT group) according to whether they were complicated with portal vein thrombosis. The correlation between the results of TEG coagulation reaction time (R value), coagulation time (K value), αAngle, maximum amplitude (MA) and coagulation composite index (CI) and portal vein thrombosis was analyzed. The characteristics of coagulation status in patients with portal vein thrombosis in cirrhosis were compared.Results:A total of 91 patients (43.3%) were complicated with portal vein thrombosis. The R value in the PVT group was significantly lower than that of NPVT group [5.49(5.22-5.77) vs 5.98(5.76-6.20), P=0.006]. Logistic regression analysis showed that Child Pugh grade ( OR=2.883, 95% CI: 1.630-5.098, P<0.001) and R value ( OR=0.739, 95% CI: 0.575-0.950, P=0.018) were independently associated risk factors of PVT. The R value of patients was significantly correlated with Child Pugh grade ( r=0.147, P=0.034), platelet ( r=-0.358, P<0.001), prothrombin time (PT) ( r=0.334, P<0.001) and international standardized ratio (INR) ( r=0.328, P<0.001). Conclusions:The decrease of TEG-R value is closely related to PVT in liver cirrhosis.

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