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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 259-263, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of miRNA-1-3p (miR-1-3p) on expression of myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) and the biological function of osteosarcoma cells.Methods:The tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues of 20 patients with osteosarcoma who were clinically diagnosed in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 were collected, and the expression of miR-1-3p in the samples was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The expression of miR-1-3p in osteosarcoma cell lines U2-OS, SAOS-2, MG63, SW1353 and human normal osteoblast cell line hFOB1.19 was detected by qRT-PCR, then the cell line with the lowest expression of miR-1-3p was selected for follow-up experiments. An overexpression miR-1-3p vector was constructed (miR-1-3p mimcs). The miR-1-3p overexpression group was transfected with miR-1-3p mimcs, and the control group was transfected with empty vector (miR-1-3p nc). CCK-8 method was used to detect the proliferation activity of cells; flow cytometry was used to detect the changes of cell apoptosis and cell cycle. miRwalk database was used to predict the miR-1-3p target gene, and the target gene was verified by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay; Western blot was used to detect the expression of MEF2A protein in cells of each group.Results:Compared with adjacent tissues, the expression of miR-1-3p in osteosarcoma tissues was down-regulated (0.31±0.14 vs. 0.62±0.21), and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 5.31, P<0.01). The expression of miR-1-3p in U2-OS cells was the lowest; compared with the control group, the proliferation activity of U2-OS cells was inhibited in miR-1-3p overexpression group (48 h absorbance value 0.56±0.01 vs. 0.77±0.03, t = 2.77, P<0.01; 72 h absorbance value 0.87±0.02 vs. 1.40±0.03, t = 2.93, P<0.01); G 1/S cell cycle arrest increased [G 1 phase (38.24±0.55)% vs. (32.11±0.80)%, t = 9.27, P = 0.01; S phase (61.24±0.90)% vs. (67.78±0.83)%, t = 7.52, P = 0.02]; early apoptotic rate increased [(11.20±0.12)% vs. (1.50±0.12)%, t = 2.91, P<0.05], miRwalk database predicted that the miR-1-3p target gene was MEF2A. The result of dual-luciferase reporter gene assay showed that miR-1-3p bound to MEF2A 3'UTR, and the luciferase activity of U2-OS cells in miR-1-3p overexpression group was lower than that in the control group (renilla luciferase/firefly luciferase activity ratio 0.53±0.06 vs. 1.00±0.04, t = 4.04, P < 0.05). Western blot showed that the expression of MEF2A protein in U2-OS cells of miR-1-3p overexpression group was lower than that of the control group (protein relative expression 0.41±0.14 vs. 0.77±0.12, t = 3.93, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The low expression of miR-1-3p may be associated with the proliferation, apoptosis and cycle changes of osteosarcoma cells. miR-1-3p can negatively regulate the expression of MEF2A protein and regulate the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 563-567, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of primary adrenal cortical carcinoma (PACC) and improve the imaging diagnostic level of primary adrenocortical carcinoma.Methods:The imaging features of 15 patients with biopsy or pathology confirmed PACC were retrospectively analiezed. There were 12 patients underwent CT examination, 7 patients underwent MR examination, and 4 patients underwent CT and MR exminations.Results:All of 15 PACCs were unilateral (10 on the right, 5 on the left). The maximum diameters of the lesions ranged from 4.4 to 15.1 (8.9±3.3)cm. The shape of the tumor was oval in 6 cases and irregular in 9 cases. CT findings: 1 cases showed homogeneous density and 11 cases were heterogeneous attenuation (including 2 cases with hemorrhage and 1 case with fat) on plain scan. The CT values of triple-phase of PACC ranged from 28.8 to 62.0(39.2±8.5)HU, 32.7 to 83.4(52.5±14.4)HU and 43.4 to 86.4(61.1±15.0)HU respectively. All cases showed mild (7 cases) and moderate (4 cases) gradual enhancement, only one case excluded. MRI findings: inhomogeneous mild and moderate enhancement were detected in 6 cases and homogeneneous enhancement was found in 1 case. The solid parts of PACC showed iso-signal intensity in T1WI, hyper-signal intensity in T2WI and diffusion limited in the diffusion weighted imaging (DWI). There were 14 cases of vascular shadow in 15 patients, and 3 cases of involvement and metastasis of surrounding tissues and organs.Conclusions:PACC often present as a big solitary heterogenous mass with necrotic area, hemorrhage and intratumoral vascular. The mild to moderate heterogenous gradual enhancement can be seen after the contrast.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 338-342, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and risk factors of non-acute symptomatic portal vein thrombosis (PVT) after endoscopic gastric variceal injection (GVI) in the treatment of liver cirrhosis with gastric variceal bleeding (GVB).Methods:66 patients with GVB who were treated with GVI for the first time from July 2017 to October 2019 in Minhang Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were retrospectively analyzed. The data of gender, age, preoperative Child-Pugh grade, preoperative platelet count, preoperative plasma D-dimer concentration, preoperative splenic length, preoperative portal vein velocity, preoperative splenic vein velocity, preoperative portal vein diameter, preoperative splenic vein diameter, treatment times, total number of injection points, total dose of sclerosing agent and tissue adhesive agent were collected. The patients were divided into PVT group and non-PVT group according to the occurrence of non-acute symptomatic PVT within one year after GVI. Univariate analysis was performed first, and then the factors with P<0.2 were included in the binary logistic regression model to screen the risk factors of PVT after GVI. Results:There were 25 cases (37.88%) in PVT group and 41 cases (62.12%) in non-PVT group. There were significant differences in D-dimer concentration, spleen length, Child-Pugh grade and total dose of sclerosing agent between the two groups ( P<0.05). The D-dimer concentration ( OR=2.319, 95% CI:1.359-3.956), spleen length ( OR=1.044, 95% CI:1.007-1.081) and total dose of sclerosing agent ( OR=1.075, 95% CI:1.004-1.152) were independent risk factors for PVT ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Preoperative D-dimer concentration, spleen length and total dose of sclerosing agent can predict the risk of PVT after GVI. In order to reduce the risk of PVT after GVI, the dose of sclerosing agent should be reduced as much as possible.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 324-327,332, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884049

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with unknown etiology of portal hypertension and investigate the efficacy of endoscopic management of gastroesophageal varices in these patients.Methods:Patients with unknown etiology of portal hypertension and gastroesophageal varices who received liver biopsy between January, 2017 and January, 2020 in Zhongshan Hospital were included. The characteristics of pathology, portal computed tomography (CT) angiography, and endoscopy were recorded and follow-up for the occurrence of bleeding after treatment.Results:A total of 31 patients were included and divided into cirrhosis with unknown etiology group ( n=10) and non-cirrhotic portal hypertension group ( n=21). Patients in the non-cirrhotic group were younger [28.0(29.5-49.5) vs 58.5(43.5-65.8), P=0.004] and mostly male (71.4%), and fewer comorbidities including diabetes (4.8% vs 40.0%, P=0.027). The features of pathology finding including vasculopathy, cholestasis, and hepatic sinusoidal dilatation as well as the Sarin classification and bleeding rate of gastroesophageal varices, proportion of patients receiving endoscopic treatment were shown similar between the two groups ( P>0.05). The hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) was significantly lower in the non-cirrhotic group [4.5(2.8-12.8)mmHg vs 12(8-18)mmHg, P=0.018]. Among them, 21 patients received endoscopic treatment, and the bleeding rate had no difference between these two groups after endoscopic treatment ( P=0.751). Conclusions:Non-cirrhotic portal hypertension in a predominantly young male population has similar clinicalpathological characteristics when compared to cirrhotic portal hypertension with unknown etiology. HVPG can not reflect the actual portal pressure in these patients. Endoscopic treatment is the effective treatment option for the prevention of variceal bleeding.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the application effect of traditional position and oblique supine lithotomy in percutaneous nephroscopy combined with ureteroscopy combined with double lithography, and explore the clinical nursing methods of oblique supine lithotomy.Methods:From January 2018 to January 2019 in our hospital, 82 patients with complicated calculi who underwent percutaneous nephroscopy combined with ureteroscopy and double lithoscopy were selected, and were divided into the control group ( n=40) and the observation group according to the random number table ( n=42). The control group took the lithotomy position after anesthesia, placed the ureteral stent tube and changed it to the prone position to complete the operation; the observation group placed the oblique supine lithotomy position to complete the operation after anesthesia, and there was no need to change the position during the operation. The posture time, blood pressure, heart rate, pulse oxygen, blood transfusion, bleeding, postoperative postural comfort and complications of the two groups were compared. Results:When placed in the position and at the end of the operation, the blood pressure of the control group was (109±31), (106±23) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and the heart rate was (93 ±10), (95±15)times per minute; the blood pressure of the observation group was (130±19), (125±17)mmHg, the heart rate was (86±12), (85±9) times per minute, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t value was 2.86-4.26, P<0.01). The posture time of the observation group was (12.4±3.0) min and the control group was (21.2±6.9) min with statistically significant difference between two groups( t value was 7.550, P<0.01). The number of uncomfortable patients in the observation group after operation was 3 cases and 7 cases occurred in the control group. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 2.450, P<0.05). Conclusion:It is safe and feasible to use the oblique supine lithotomy position in double -lens combined stone removal, which can reduce the patient's discomfort and complications, and effectively improve the surgical efficiency and quality.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882834

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of Golimumab in the treatment of children with refractory juvenile dermatomyositis(JDM).Methods:The clinical data of a child diagnosed with JDM in the Department of Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology of Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center in February 2019 were collected.The treatment effect was studied and literature review was conducted.Results:The patient was a 7-year-old boy with subacute onset of the disease.The illness protracted, and main manifestations included skin rashes, limb weakness, and swallowing dysfunction.Physical examination showed heliotropic rashes, Gottron papules, positive Gower, proximal limb muscle strength grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ, distal limb muscle strength grade Ⅳ, and a choking cough when swallowing fluid food.Laboratory tests revealed alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of 36 U/L, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) of 115 U/L, alkaline phosphatase of 69 U/L, lactate dehydrogenase of 941 U/L, creatine kinase of 974 U/L, hypersensitive C-reactive protein of 26 mg/L and an erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) of 52 mm/1 h. Antinuclear antibody spectra were negative.Electromyography suggested myogenic damage.Thigh magnetic resonance imaging indicated diffuse abnormal signal shadows in the subcutaneous fat, muscles and muscle spaces of both hips, thighs and knee joints.The child was diagnosed with JDM, and given standardized treatment of Methylprednisolone, intravenous immunoglobulin, Methotrexate and Hydroxychloroquine sulfate.However, after the treatment, the facial rashes were still red, proximal limb muscle strength and swallowing dysfunction did not improve, the choking cough symptom still existed, and a Cushing face appeared.Recheck results showed ALT of 24 U/L, AST of 32 U/L, alkaline phosphatase of 56 U/L, lactate dehydrogenase of 216 U/L, creatine kinase of 527 U/L, hypersensitive C-reactive protein of 8 mg/L and an ESR of 15 mm/1 h. Refractory JDM was considered.After negotiating with the patient′s family members, they agreed to treat the patient with Golimumab 50 mg by subcutaneous injection once a month.Then tapered prednisone gradually, stopped Hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets and continued to give the patient oral Methotrexate.After two doses of Golimumab 50 mg, proximal limb muscle strength and swallowing function improved markedly.After the third subcutaneous injection of Golimumab, proximal limb muscle strength improved to grade Ⅳ-Ⅴ, and he was able to go up and down stairs, squat and stand up after squatting.Besides, dysphagia and the choking cough disappeared, and skin rashes improved.Recheck results suggested a normal ESR and creatine kinase levels.Magnetic resonance imaging of thighs indicated no muscle inflammation.Conclusions:Golimumab works well in the treatment of refractory JDM and can effectively improve muscle strength.Therefore, it can be used as a treatment option for refractory JDM.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 156-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of miRNA-618 (miR-618) on the cell proliferation and apoptosis of acute monocyte leukemia THP-1 cells.Methods:Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the relative expression level of miR-618 in THP-1 cells and monocytes isolated from peripheral blood of the healthy people. Overexpression of miR-618 plasimid vector was constructed and empty vector was treated as the negative control; and then the two vectors were transfected with THP-1 cells; finally, miR-618 overexpression group and negative control group were set. THP-1 cell proliferation and apoptosis of both groups were detected by using CCK-8 method and flow cytometry, respectively. TargetScan was used to predict the target gene of miR-618 and it was verified by using luciferase reporter assay.Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of THP-1 cells in miR-618 overexpression group and negative control group, and predicted miR-618 target gene in peripheral blood monocytes of the healthy people.Results:PCR showed that the expression level of miR-618 was lower in THP-1 cells compared with that in monocytes isolated from peripheral blood of the healthy people ( P < 0.05). CCK-8 assay showed that compared with the negative control group, the proliferation ability of THP-1 cells in miR-618 overexpression group was decreased (the absorbance values at 0, 24, 48 and 72 h after transfection: 0.20±0.03 vs. 0.20±0.03, 0.28±0.02 vs. 0.35±0.03, 0.34±0.03 vs. 0.43±0.04, 0.39±0.02 vs. 0.53±0.05, all P < 0.05), and the late apoptosis rate was increased [(27.1±0.1)% vs. (14.9±0.1)%, t=2.13, P=0.03]. The target gene of miR-618 was ARPP19 predicted by using TargetScan software. Luciferase reporter assay showed that the relative luciferase activity of THP-1 cells in group transfected with wild-type ARPP19 gene plasmid+miR-618 gene plasmid was higher than that in the blank control group and group transfected with wild-type ARPP19 gene plasmid+miR-618 empty vector (0.170±0.003 vs. 0.100±0.004, 0.100±0.001, all P < 0.05). Western blot indicated the expression level of ARPP19 protein in THP-1 cells of miR-618 overexpression group was lower than that of the negative control group, while the expression levels of ARPP19 protein of peripheral blood monocytes of the healthy people in both groups were similar. Conclusion:miR-618 can inhibit the cell proliferation and promote apoptosis of THP-1 cells by inhibiting the expression of of THP-1 cells ARPP19 in acute monocyte leukemia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the effect of comprehensive measures at reducing mosquito density in residential parking lot, and to provide scientific evidence for exploring a new mosquito density control mode in parking lot. Methods:During April to October in 2018, a package of measures were implemented in the observation group, including designating a full-time staff, combination of property management and mosquito eradication work, continual clean-up of breeding ground, appropriate use of pesticide, education and training of pest control knowledge, and so on. No intervention was conducted in the control group. Then we observed the effect of the above measures in reducing mosquito density. Results:After the implementation of the comprehensive measures, the average adult mosquito density and infant positive rate of ponding mosquitoes in the residential parking lot in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group. The mosquito positive rate in rainwater well, sewage well, drainage ditch and intercepting ditch in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group. There were no statistically significant difference between the observation group and the control group in the adult mosquito density and the infant positive rate of ponding mosquito in April. Conclusion:Through a package of comprehensive prevention and control measures, mosquito density in the parking lot at residential areas can be effectively reduced. However, there are still some resistances in the implementation process of measures, which need to be constantly optimized to achieve better on-site prevention and control effect.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the impact of early relapse (ER) after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplan-tation (AHSCT) on overall survival (OS) for multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 37 patients with MM undergoing AHSCT in department of hematology of Shanxi Bethune Hospital from January 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The effect of ER on OS of patients was analyzed. The effects of international staging system (ISS) staging, cytogenetics, pre-transplant efficacy, minimal residual disease, and age on OS of the patients were also analyzed respectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 37 patients, 13 cases (35.1%) had ER, and 24 cases (64.9%) had non-ER. 3 patients with ER had extramedullary disease, but none with non-ER showed extramedullary disease. More than or equal to very good partial rate (VGPR) in patients with ER and without ER were 3 cases (23.1%) and 15 cases (62.5%), respectively, and the curative effect of the former was significantly lower than that of the latter (P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 31 (12-96) months, and median OS time was 93 months in all the patients. The median survival time of patients with ER was 17 months, and the median progression free survival was 7 months, both were significantly shorter than 93 months and 38 months of patients with non-ER (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that the OS was affected by ER, cytogenetic abnormalities (FISH), and ≥VGPR before transplantation. Multivariate analysis showed that ER was an independent prognostic factor.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of patients with ER after AHSCT in newly diagnosed MM is poor. ER is an independent prognostic factor of survival.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of astragaloside IV (AS-IV) on NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD).@*METHODS@#A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, an HIBD group, and an AS-IV treatment group, with 8 rats in each group. After 24 hours of modeling, brain tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin staining, yo-PRO-1 staining, and EthD-2 immunofluorescent staining in order to observe the cerebral protection effect of AS-IV in vivo. HT22 cells were used to prepare a model of oxygen-glycogen deprivation (OGD), and a concentration gradient (50-400 μmol/L) was established for AS-IV. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the viability of HT22 cells. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to observe the effect of different concentrations of AS-IV on the mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, gasdermin D (GSDMD), caspase-1, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β).@*RESULTS@#Yo-Pro-1 and EthD-2 staining showed that compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group had an increase in pyroptotic cells with a small number of necrotic cells, and the AS-IV group had reductions in both pyroptotic and necrotic cells. Compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group had significantly higher protein expression levels of NLRP3, IL-1β, caspase-1, and GSDMD (@*CONCLUSIONS@#AS-IV may alleviate HIBD in neonatal rats by inhibiting the expression of NLRP3, GSDMD, caspase-1, and IL-1β.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/drug therapy , Inflammasomes , NLR Proteins , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saponins , Triterpenes
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879028

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Ningxinbao Capsules in treatment of arrhythmia by Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) or quasi-randomized control trial(Quasi-RCT) on Ningxinbao Capsules treating arrhythmia were obtained by computer-based retrieval in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and EMbase as well as manual retrieval, with time limit from database establishment to April 7, 2020. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria of trials, all RCTs were screened and evaluated. Then the effective data were collected and RevMan 5.3 Meta-analysis software was used for analysis. Thirteen trials were included, involving 1 379 patients in total. Ningxinbao Capsules combined with anti-arrhythmia Western medicine were adopted as the intervention, and the patients in control group were treated with the anti-arrhythmia Western medicine alone. Meta-analysis results showed that as compared to control group, Ningxinbao Capsules combined with anti-arrhythmia Western medicine group was superior in clinical efficacy, dynamic electrocardiogram and average heart rate in patients with bradycardia, with indicated statistically significant differences. Ningxinbao Capsules had fewer adverse reactions and could relieve the toxic and side effects of anti-arrhythmia medicine possibly. The study showed that Ningxinbao Capsules played a role in treatment of arrhythmia and was relatively safe. However, due to the limited quality of the included studies, high-quality clinical trials are needed to verify the conclusions.


Subject(s)
Bradycardia , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878950

ABSTRACT

The network pharmacology and molecular docking methods were used to explore the mechanism of Jinweitai Capsules in the treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis. The chemical components of herbs in Jinweitai Capsules were collected through TCMSP, CNKI and PubMed. Target prediction was performed through PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction databases; genes relating to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, chronic colitis were collected from OMIM database; potential targets of Jinweitai Capsules for relevant gastrointestinal diseases were obtained by Venny analysis; DAVID database was used to perform GO and KEGG enrichment analysis; protein interactions were obtained by STRING database and visua-lized by Cytoscape; AutoDockVina was used for molecular docking of AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and its reverse-selected chemical components. Potential mechanisms of Jinweitai Capsules in treating relevant gastrointestinal diseases were clarified according to the results of the docking. The results showed 86 potential active ingredients of Jinweitai Capsules and 268 potential targets for treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that 20 pathways relating to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis mainly involved calcium signaling pathway and chemokine signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed a good binding activity between AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and its reverse screening chemical components. Jinweitai Capsules may exert an effect in the treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis by acting on AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and other targets in 15 signal pathways relating to cell inflammation and immunity, cell proliferation and apoptosis, Helicobacter pylori infection, and gastrointestinal tract.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Diseases/drug therapy , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Medicine , Molecular Docking Simulation
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878901

ABSTRACT

In ancient times, there were two types of "Juhong" came from the tangerines(Citrus reticulata) and the pomelos(C. grandis and its cultivars), which corresponded to Juhong and Huajuhong recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia respectively. In different periods, Juhong basically came from the same species and the same medicinal parts, but there were also some differences. This article sorted out the ancient and modern literature, under the guidance of "Succession theory of Medicinal materials varieties" and "Change theory of Medicinal materials varieties"(XIE Zong-wan), and combined with field investigation, the evolution and reasons of the original plants and medicinal parts of Juhong were analyzed. In the Han Dynasty and before, the peel of tangerines and pomelos were both used as medicine. In the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the way tangerine peel was used was dried and aged, and then "soaked in hot water and scraped off the mesocarp", which had the essence of only using exocarp as medicine of Juhong already, and its original plant was C. reticalata. In the Song Dynasty, the name of "Juhong" and its medicinal usage were recorded in book on materia medica, and the species and medicinal parts of tangerine were inherited from the previous dynasties. The way tangerine peel was used was only dried and aged without removing the mesocarp. The medicinal material obtained by the way was called Chenpi(dried and aged tangerine peel). The item "Juhong" listing as a separate medicinal material was first recorded in the Collected Discussions from Materia Medica(Bencao Huiyan) in the Ming Dynasty. In the Ming Dynasty, the Dao-di habitat of Juhong was recorded as Guangdong province in most books on materia medica, and the original plants probably were C. reticalata and C. grandis 'Tomentosa'(Huazhou pomelo, a special cultivated species of C. grandis produced in Huazhou, Guangdong, which was recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia as "Huajuhong"), according to the records in the local chronicles. During the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, the original plants of Juhong were C. reticalata and C. grandis 'Tomentosa'. Of the two, the latter one was considered as the better. As far the medicinal part, it was still the exocarp, while the whole young fruit of C. grandis 'Tomentosa' began to be used as medicine. After the founding of The People's Republic of China, the exocarps of Citrus reticalata, C. grandis and C. grandis 'Tomentosa' were listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia under "Juhong". From the Northern and Southern Dynasties to the Republic of China, C. grandis exocarp was a fake of Juhong. Therefore, it was contradictory to historical records that C. grandis exocarp was listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia as Huajuhong. Juhong had been divided into two types as "Juhong" and "Huajuhong" since 1985. The medicinal part of Huajuhong was only the exocarp of immature and nearly mature fruits, but not the whole young fruit, the actual mainstream medicinal part of Huajuhong. The results are helpful to clarify the historical evolution of species and medicinal parts of Juhong and Huajuhong. It is suggested that in the next edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, only C. grandis 'Tomentosa' should be included as the original plant of Huajuhong, and C. grandis should be deleted, and the young fruit should be added in the medicinal parts besides the exocarp of immature and nearly mature fruit.


Subject(s)
China , Citrus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 361-377, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878567

ABSTRACT

Exoelectrogenic microorganisms are the research basis of microbial electrochemical technologies such as microbial fuel cells, electrolytic cells and electrosynthesis. However, their applications are restricted in organic degradation, power generation, seawater desalination, bioremediation, and biosensors due to the weak ability of biofilm formation and the low extracellular electron transfer (EET) efficiency between exoelectrogenic microorganisms and electrode. Therefore, engineering optimization of interaction between exoelectrogenic microorganisms and electrode interface recently has been the research focus. In this article, we review the updated progress in strategies for enhancing microbe-electrode interactions based on microbial engineering modifications, with a focus on the applicability and limitations of these strategies. In addition, we also address research prospects of enhancing the interaction between electroactive cells and electrodes.


Subject(s)
Bioelectric Energy Sources , Biofilms , Electrodes , Electron Transport , Electrons
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878538

ABSTRACT

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bioelectrochemical device, that enables simultaneous wastewater treatment and energy generation. However, a few issues such as low output power, high ohmic internal resistance, and long start-up time greatly limit MFCs' applications. MFC anode is the carrier of microbial attachment, and plays a key role in the generation and transmission of electrons. High-quality bioelectrodes have developed into an effective way to improve MFC performance. Conjugated polymers have advantages of low cost, high conductivity, chemical stability and good biocompatibility. The use of conjugated polymers to modify bioelectrodes can achieve a large specific surface area and shorten the charge transfer path, thereby achieving efficient biological electrochemical performance. In addition, bacteria can be coated with nano-scale conjugated polymer and effectively transfer the electrons generated by cells to electrodes. This article reviews the recently reported applications of conjugated polymers in microbial fuel cells, focusing on the MFC anode materials modified by conjugated polymers. This review also systematically analyzes the advantages and limitations of conjugated polymers, and how these composite hybrid bioelectrodes solve practical issues such as low energy output, high inner resistance, and long starting time.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Bioelectric Energy Sources , Electricity , Electrodes , Polymers , Water Purification
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878440

ABSTRACT

The maxillofacial skeleton is the basis of the contour of the face. Orthognathic surgery and facial contouring surgery change jaw tissue and affect facial appearance in different manners. Orthognathic surgery is the main method to correct dental and maxillofacial deformities. It changes the shape of the jaw and improves the occlusal relationship by changing the three-dimensional position of the jaw. Facial contouring surgery mainly adopts the method of "bone reduction", which changes the "amount"of the jawbone by cutting a part of the bone tissue to improve the facial appearance, generally without changing oral function. The combined use of orthognathic surgery and facial contouring surgery is becoming increasingly common in clinical practice. This also requires oral and maxillofacial surgeons to have a holistic consideration of the comprehensive correction of maxillofacial bone deformity, and to perform comprehensive analysis of jaw deformities and jaw plastic surgery to achieve the most ideal results. The author's team has been engaged in the clinical work of orthognathic surgery and facial contouring surgery and accumulated rich clinical experience in the comprehensive correction of maxillofacial bone deformity. In this article, the indications, treatment goals, treatment modes, treatment methods, and key points in the surgical operations of comprehensive maxillofacial bone surgery were summarized.


Subject(s)
Face/surgery , Facial Bones , Humans , Maxillofacial Abnormalities , Orthognathic Surgery , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training and lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone for lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 154 patients with lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (76 cases, 6 cases dropped off) and a control group (78 cases, 8 cases dropped off). The patients in both groups were treated with conventional medication and exercise rehabilitation training. In addition, the patients in the observation group were treated with scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training. The scalp acupuncture was given at upper 1/5 of the anterior oblique line of parietal temporal area and upper 1/5 of the posterior oblique line of parietal temporal area. The patients in the control group were treated with lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone. All the treatment was given once a day, 6 days a week, totaling for 8 weeks. The affected-side lower-limb Brunnstrom stage and modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Berg balance scale (BBS) score and modified Barthel index (MBI) score were evaluated before and after treatment in the two groups. The plantar pressure was measured by gait function evaluation system.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the Brunnstrom stage in the two groups was improved after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training could reduce the muscle tension of lower limbs, promote the separation movement mode of lower limbs, improve the plantar pressure distribution, and improve the balance ability and walking ability in stroke patients, and the curative effect is better than lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Feedback , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of interactive scalp acupuncture, scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training for cognitive dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 660 patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an interactive scalp acupuncture group (218 cases, 18 cases dropped off), a scalp acupuncture group (220 cases, 20 cases dropped off) and a scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group (222 cases, 22 cases dropped off). All the patients were treated with routine medication and exercise rehabilitation training. The interactive scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture on the parietal midline, and contralateral anterior parietal temporal oblique line and posterior parietal temporal oblique line at the same time of cognitive training; the scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture alone, and the scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group was treated with scalp acupuncture and cognitive training in the morning and afternoon respectively. All the treatments were given once a day, 6 times a week for 8 weeks. Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale score was used to evaluate the cognitive function before treatment, 4 weeks and 8 weeks into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total score of MoCA was increased after 4-week treatment and 8-week treatment in the three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The interactive scalp acupuncture could significantly improve the cognitive function in patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke, and the efficacy is superior to scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 132-134, 2021.
Article in 华语 | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862613

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the management of tuberculosis outbreaks in middle schools in Bijie City, and to put forward suggestions to improve the quality of tuberculosis epidemic situation in schools.@*Methods@#A unified questionnaire was used to investigate the management of tuberculosis outbreaks in middle schools reported by tuberculosis information management system from August 27, 2018 to January 6, 2019 in Bijie City.@*Results@#The screening rate of close contacts was 69.72%(99/142), which significantly varied by counties(P<0.01). The time from the date of diagnosis of patients to screening of close contacts by local CDC was 3(1-10.5) days. Rate of standardized management process for close contacts aged 15 years or older (0) was lower than that for close contacts aged younger than 15 years old (23.08%)(P<0.01). 3 462 close contacts were screened for TB symptom,and chest X-ray among those suspected individuals(process 1), and 2 439 close contacts were screened with TB symptom,PPD test,and chest X-ray among those suspected individuals or those with strong positive in PPD test(process 2). The detection rate of pulmonary tuberculosis in close contacts of Grade I was lower in Process 1 (28.89/100 000) than in Process 2 (328.00/100 000)(χ2=6.56, P=0.01). The latent infection rate of the first-class close contacts (6.39%) was higher than that of the second-class close contacts(1.93%)(χ2=54.86, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Management of tuberculosis outbreaks in middle schools in Bijie City in 2018 is effective and timely, but the standardization needs to be improved.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827212

ABSTRACT

Salvia plebeia has been in use as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for more than 500 years. In this study, the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of S. plebeia was sequenced, assembled and compared to those of other five published Salvia cp genomes. It was found that the cp genome structure of S. plebeia was well conserved and had a total size of 151 062 bp. Four parameters were used to display the usage conditions of the codons of the amino acids in Salvia genus. Although the number of protein-coding genes in each species was the same, the total number of codons was different. Except for amino acids Trp and Met whose Relative Synonymous Codon Usage (RSCU) value of one condon was equal to 1, the remaining 19 amino acids had 1-3 preferred codons. The preferred codon names of each amino acid were coincident. The period size for the tandem repeats of six species ranged from 9 to 410 bp. Salvia cp genomes mainly possessed tandem repeats with a copy number less than or equal to 3. The sequence length of tandem repeats of the six species ranged from 25 to 824 bp. Highly viarable regions including four intergenic spacers and six partial genes were discovered as potential specific barcodes for Salvia species through cp genome-wide comparison. Finally, we performed phylogenetic analyses based on the complete cp genome and coding sequences respectively. These results provide information to help construct the cp genome library for Salvia, which may support studies of phylogenetics, DNA barcoding, population and transplastomics.

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