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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985904

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical features and prognosis of children with histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (HNL). Methods: The clinical data of 118 children with HNL diagnosed and treated in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2014 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical symptoms, laboratory examination, imaging examination, pathological findings, treatment and follow-up were analyzed. Results: Among the 118 patients, 69 were males and 49 were females. The age of onset was 10.0 (8.0, 12.0) years, ranging from 1.5 to 16.0 years. All the children had fever lymph node enlargement, blood system involvement in 74 cases (62.7%), skin injury in 39 cases (33.1%). The main manifestations of laboratory examination were increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate in 90 cases (76.3%), decreased hemoglobin in 58 cases (49.2%), decreased white blood cells in 54 cases (45.8%) and positive antinuclear antibody in 35 cases (29.7%). Ninety-seven cases (82.2%) underwent B-mode ultrasound of lymph nodes, showing nodular lesions with low echo in the neck; 22 cases (18.6%) underwent cervical X-ray and (or) CT; 7 cases (5.9%) underwent cervical magnetic resonance imaging. Lymph node biopsy was performed in all 118 cases, and the pathological results did not support malignant diseases such as lymphoma or Epstein-Barr virus infection, suggesting HNL. Fifty-seven cases (48.3%) recovered without treatment, 61 cases (51.7%) received oral steroid therapy, and 4 cases (3.4%) received indomethacin as anal stopper. The 118 cases were followed up for 4 (2, 6) years, ranging from 1 to 7 years, 87 cases (73.7%) had one onset and did not develop into other rheumatological diseases, and 24 cases (20.3%) had different degrees of recurrence, 7 cases (5.9%) had multiple system injuries, and all of the tested autoantibodies were positive for medium and high titers. All of them developed into other rheumatic immune diseases, among which 5 cases developed into systemic lupus erythematosus and 2 cases developed into Sjogren's syndrome; 7 cases were given oral steroid therapy, including 6 cases plus immunosuppressant and 2 cases receiving methylprednisolone 20 mg/kg shock therapy. Conclusions: The first-onset HNL portion is self-healing, hormone-sensitive and has a good prognosis. For HNL with repeated disease and multiple system injury, antinuclear antibody titer should be monitored during follow-up, and attention should be paid to the possibility of developing into other rheumatological diseases, with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis/drug therapy , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Retrospective Studies , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Prognosis , Steroids
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 46-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the significance of E-cadherin and the association between E-cadherin methylation status and prognosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by examining the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and its gene methylation status in bone marrow mononuclear cells of children with ALL.@*METHODS@#The samples of 5 mL bone marrow blood were collected from 42 children with ALL who were diagnosed for the first time at diagnosis (pre-treatment group) and on day 33 of induction chemotherapy (post-treatment group). RT-qPCR, Western blot, and methylation-specific PCR were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and the methylation level of the E-cadherin gene. The changes in each index after induction chemotherapy were compared.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA and protein expression levels of E-cadherin in the post-treatment group were significantly higher than those in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05), while the positive rate of E-cadherin gene methylation in the post-treatment group was significantly lower than that in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05). At the end of the test, the children with negative methylation had significantly higher overall survival rate and event-free survival rate than those with positive methylation (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#E-cadherin expression is associated with the development of ALL in children, and its decreased expression and increased methylation level may indicate a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cadherins/genetics , DNA Methylation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 377-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance of SFRP1 gene and its methylation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) .@*METHODS@#Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) was used to detect the methylation status of SFRP1 gene in bone marrow mononuclear cells of 43 children with newly diagnosed ALL before chemotherapy (primary group) and when the bone marrow reached complete remission d 46 after induction of remission chemotherapy (remission group), the expression of SFRP1 mRNA was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), the expression of SFRP1 protein was detected by Western blot, and clinical data of children were collected, the clinical significance of SFRP1 gene methylation in children with ALL was analyze.@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of SFRP1 gene promoter methylation in the primary group (44.19%) was significantly higher than that in the remission group (11.63%) (χ2=11.328, P<0.05). The relative expression levels of SFRP1 mRNA and protein in bone marrow mononuclear cells of children in the primary group were significantly lower than those in the remission group (P<0.05). Promoter methylation of SFRP1 gene was associated with risk level (χ2=15.613, P=0.000) and survival of children (χ2=6.561, P=0.010) in the primary group, children with SFRP1 hypermethylation had significantly increased risk and shortened event-free survival time, but no significant difference in other clinical data.@*CONCLUSION@#Hypermethylation of SFRP1 gene promoter may be involved in the development of childhood ALL, and its hypermethylation may be associated with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Clinical Relevance , DNA Methylation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Bone Marrow/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism
4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 162-167, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the intellectual landscape and emerging research trends of Chinese medicine (CM) in the management of pediatric asthma through a scientometric study.@*METHODS@#Publications related to CM in the management of pediatric asthma were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection using relevant keywords. A scientometric study was performed using CiteSpace and VOSviewer.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1,673 original articles and reviews from 1991 to 2019 were included in the analysis. The amount of annual publications had a gradual increase with time. USA was the major contributor both in country and institution analyses. Based on the co-citation, the published journals were grouped into 4 clusters. Keyword analysis indicated that the main hotspots were: (1) comprehensive management; (2) risk factors, mechanism, and prevalence; (3) prevention and treatment; (4) inflammation; and (5) environmental research. Lastly, we predicted that three emerging trends were quality of life promotion, immune response, and combination therapy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CM research in the management of pediatric asthma will maintain the current trend of steady growth. This scientometric analysis may help scientists to identify the areas of interests and future directions in the field.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Asthma/drug therapy , Bibliometrics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Publications , Quality of Life
5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 187-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the differences of prostate cancer (PCa) and clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) positive rate and postoperative complications between transperineal cognitive prostate biopsy (COG-TPBx) and transrectal cognitive prostate biopsy (COG-TRBx) based on biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI).Methods:The data of 276 patients undergoing prostate biopsy from January 2019 to June 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were retrospectively reviewed. 157 patients underwent COG-TPBx(TPBx group) and 119 patients underwent COG-TRBx (TRBx group). The average age [(66.39 ± 8.31) vs. (66.30 ± 8.42)years], body mass index (BMI) [(23.85±2.49) vs. (23.68±2.61) kg/m 2], PSA values [9.43(1.47-19.80) vs. 8.94(0.66-19.99) ng/ml], prostate volume [37.92(13.99-167.40) vs. 40.78(11.67-188.21) cm 3], PSA density [0.21(0.04-1.17) vs. 0.20(0.04-1.04) ng/(ml·cm 3)], and suspicious digital rectal examination [17.20% (27/157) vs. 21.10% (25/119) ] were not significantly different between TPBx group and TRBx group. The positive rate of PCa, CsPCa, as well as post-biopsy complications of the two groups were compared. Results:There were no significant differences in the positive rate of PCa [49.68%(78/157) vs. 47.06%(56/119), P=0.666] and CsPCa [38.22%(60/157) vs. 34.45%(41/119), P=0.520] between the two groups. In stratification analysis, TPBx group has a significantly higher positive rate of both PCa [54.69%(35/64)] and CsPCa[43.75%(28/64)] in apex zone than TRBx group[39.62%(21/53) and 20.75%(11/53), all P<0.05). Moreover, the postoperative complications were not significantly different in TPBx group compared to that in TRBx group [10.19% (16/157) vs. 12.61%(15/119), P= 0.567]. Conclusions:Our investigations revealed that the overall positive rate of PCa, CsPCa, and the complications were not statistically different between COG-TPBx and COG-TRBx. COG-TPBx has a significantly higher positive rate of both PCa and CsPCa in apex zone.

6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1132-1137, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of Scarf osteotomy combined with soft tissue balance in treating severe hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#Totally 38 patients(50 feet) with severe hallux valux who underwent Scarf osteotomy combined with soft tissue balance surgery from June 2019 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, aged from 29 to 64 years old with an average of(54.7±6.8) years old; 26 feet on the left side and 24 feet on the right side;the courses of disease ranged from 5 to 23 years with an average of (12.4±3.9) years. Hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), and distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA) were compared before and after operation, and postoperative complications was observed. American orthopedic foot ankle society(AOFAS) score before operation and final follow-up was used to evaluate recovery of forefoot function, and visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate pain relief.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-eight patients (50 feet) were followed up from 15 to 23 months with an average of (18.3±3.2) months. Preoperative HVA, IMA and DMAA were (44.61±3.92)°, (18.74±2.51)°, (12.85±2.11)°, and improved to (13.45±2.13)°, (7.83±1.36)°, (7.03±1.39)°at final follow-up, which had statistical differneces(P<0.05). No delayed union or nonunion of osteotomy end, fracture or loosening of internal fixation, hallux varus occurred. VAS and AOFAS score improved from (6.81±2.14), (43.6±8.4)points before operation to (1.97±0.78), (87.6±5.2) points at final follow-up, which had statistical difference(P<0.01). According to AOFAS at final follow-up, 20 feet got excellent result, 28 feet good and 2 feet moderate.@*CONCLUSION@#Scarf osteotomy combined with soft tissue balance release for severe hallux valgus has good stability and corrective effect, but learning curve and postoperative complications should be paid attention.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Bunion , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Osteotomy , Postoperative Complications , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 850-854, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993933

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal core numbers in targeted prostate biopsy (TB).Methods:The clinical data of 138 patients with prostate cancer diagnosed by six needle trans-perineal TB combined with system biopsy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from October 2018 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Their age was (69.07 ± 7.97) years old, the PSA value was 9.15 (6.66, 12.95) ng/ml, the prostate volume was 35.01 (27.65, 43.27) cm 3and the PSA density was 0.25 (0.17, 0.36) ng/(ml ·cm 3). All patients accepted bi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging examination and had regions of interests (ROIs) with prostate imaging reporting and data system (PI-RADS) version 2.0 scores ≥ 3. The detective rate of prostate cancer (PCa), clinically significant PCa (CsPCa) and clinically insignificant PCa (CIPCa), along with the Gleason score upgrading rate after radical prostatectomy were compared between different numbers of prostate TB cores. Results:The detective rates for present PCa or CsPCa for the first 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5- and 6-core TB were 74.64%(103/138), 85.51%(118/138), 94.20%(130/138), 98.55%(136/138) and 100.00%(138/138) compared with the total number of cores taken, respectively. The detective rates for CsPCa for the first 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5- and 6-core TB were 67.52%(79/117), 77.78%(91/117), 88.89%(104/117), 93.16%(109/117) and 98.29%(115/117) compared with the total number of cores taken, respectively. Additionally, 20.72%(23/111) patients had Gleason score upgrade after RP. Compared with 6-core TB, the rates of postoperative upgrading for the first 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-core TB were 50.00%(44/88), 67.05%(59/88), 81.82%(72/88), 88.64%(78/88) and 95.45%(84/88), respectively. For the ROIs with PI-RADS score of 3, 4 and 5, the CsPCa detected by 5, 4 and 3 needles of TB were 95.00% (19/20), 94.92% (56/59) and 94.74% (36/38) respectively. Postoperative upgrading rates were 11.11% (2/18), 9.30% (4/43) and 7.41% (2/27) respectively.Conclusions:For ROIs with PI-RADS score of 3, 4 and 5, TB with 5, 4 and 3 cores respectively is enough to obtain higher diagnostic efficiency and accuracy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 815-824, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922764

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer (CC) is recognized as the most common neoplasm in the female reproductive system worldwide. The lack of chemotherapeutic agents with outstanding effectiveness and safety severely compromises the anti-cipated prognosis of patients. Aloperine (ALO) is a natural quinolizidine alkaloid with marked anti-cancer effects on multiple malignancies as well as favorable activity in relieving inflammation, allergies and infection. However, its therapeutic efficacy and underlying mechanism in CC are still unclear. In the current study, MTT assay was employed to evaluate the viability of HeLa cells exposed to ALO to preliminarily estimate the effectiveness of ALO in CC. Then, the effects of ALO on the proliferation and apoptosis of HeLa cells were further investigated by plate colony formation and flow cytometry, respectively, while the migration and invasion of ALO-treated HeLa cells were evaluated using Transwell assay. Moreover, nude mice were subcutaneously inoculated with HeLa cells to demonstrate the anti-CC properties of ALO in vivo. The molecular mechanisms underlying these effects of ALO were evaluated by Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis. This study experimentally demonstrated that ALO inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells via G2 phase cell cycle arrest. Simultaneously, ALO promoted an increase in the percentage of apoptotic HeLa cells by increasing the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Additionally, the migration and invasion of HeLa cells were attenuated by ALO treatment, which was considered to result from inhibition of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. For molecular mechanisms, the expression and activation of the IL-6-JAK1-STAT3 feedback loop were markedly suppressed by ALO treatment. This study indicated that ALO markedly suppresses the proliferation, migration and invasion and enhances the apoptosis of HeLa cells. In addition, these prominent anti-CC properties of ALO are associated with repression of the IL-6-JAK1-STAT3 feedback loop.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Feedback , HeLa Cells , Interleukin-6/genetics , Janus Kinase 1 , Mice, Nude , Quinolizidines , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , Signal Transduction , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 826-829, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of intramedullary nail fixation following two-step closed reduction or limited open reduction for femoral subtrochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#Forty six patients with femoral subtrochanteric fractures were analyzed retrospectively from January 2014 to April 2020. Twenty four patients which including 16 males and 8 females, aged from 34 to 91 years old with an average of (55.42±18.25) years old, were treated with two step closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation on supine position. Twenty-two patients which including 15 males and 7 females, aged from 33 to 87 years old with an average of (56.31±14.77) years old, were performed limited open reductionand intramedullary nail fixation. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications and fracture healing time were recorded and compared between two groups. Postoperative Harris hip score at 8 months was applied to evalaute joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were successfully complete operation without incision infection. All patients were followed up from 8 to 36 months with an average of (18.2± 6.1) months. Introperation blood loss, operation time in closed reduction group were (157.92±51.07) ml, (82.08±13.43) min respectively, while in limited open reduction group were (230.91±87.88) ml, (92.73±12.79) min respectively; while there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Femoral subtrochanteric fractures could be effectively treated by both methods. Two-step closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation may be more advantageous in less tissue damage, shorter operation time and less intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Hip Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 8-14, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical effect of unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopic system for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 32 patients with lumbar spinal tenosis treated by unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopy from February 2018 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 18 males and 14 females, aged 65 to 84 years old with an average of (70.6± 8.4) years. The course of disease was from 1 to 12 years. All 32 cases were accompanied by numbness or pain in the lower limbs, of which 28 cases were accompanied by intermittent claudication. Narrow segments were L@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 12-24 (17.68±2.43) months and all operations were successfully completed with the operation time of 70-160(85.64±11.94) min. Spinal dural tear occurred in 1 case during the operation, and sensory disturbance in the other side of lower limb in a short period of time occurred in 2 cases, all improved after corresponding treatment. Postoperative imaging showed that the spinal canal was significantly enlarged and the nerve root was fully released. Before operation and 3 days, 3 months, 1 year after operation, VAS scores of low back pain were 4.62 ±1.41, 2.73 ±1.35, 1.21 ±1.17, 1.11 ±0.34, respectively;VAS scores of leg pain were 6.83 ± 1.71, 3.10±1.50, 1.08±0.19, 0.89±0.24, respectively. VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain each time point after operation were obvious improved (@*CONCLUSION@#It is a safe and effective way to treat lumbar spinal stenosis with unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopic system. It has the advantages of sufficient decompression, less trauma, fast recovery, high safety and low incidence of postoperative complications. It can minimize the damage to the stable structure of the lumbar spine and is an ideal minimally invasive operation for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Decompression, Surgical , Endoscopy , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 302-307, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942178

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical value of inflammation-related markers in predicting the prognosis of patients with ureteral urothelial carcinoma.@*METHODS@#200 patients with ureteral urothelial carcinoma were randomly divided into two groups by split sample validation: modeling group and validation group. Paraffin embedded pathological specimens of the patients were reviewed. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect tumor-infiltrating neutrophil (TIN) (CD66b+), tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) (CD163+), lymphocyte (CD+, CD4+, CD8+) counts, peripheral blood neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and tumor tissue neutrophil/monocyte ratio (NMR). According to the results of pathological staging, the patients were divided into non-muscle-invasive and muscle-invasive ureteral urothelial carcinoma group. The resolution of the models was evaluated, and the prognostic nomogram models including only peripheral blood parameters and all parameters were established to compare the accuracy of the two models in predicting the prognosis of patients with urothelial carcinoma of the ureter.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time was 36 months, the progression-free survival was 40 months, and 42 cases (21.0%) showed tumor progression within 3 years. Tumor size, pathological stage and pathological grade were all single-factor variables predicting the first recurrence of ureteral urothelial carcinoma three years after operation. Tumor size, pathological stage, pathological grade, TIN, TAM, NLR and NMR were multi-factor variables predicting the first recurrence three years after operation. Among 104 cases of non-muscle-invasive ureteral urothelial carcinoma, 10 cases (9.6%) recurred for the first time 3 years after operation, 96 cases (33.3%) of muscle invasive ureteral urothelial carcinoma, and the diffe-rence between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2=15.53, P < 0.05). The predictive nomogram model of progression free survival was established. The concordance index of progression free survi-val was 0.722 (95%CI: 0.70-0.78) in non-muscle-invasion group, and 0.725 (95%CI: 0.71-0.79) in muscle-invasion group, which was in good agreement with the observed 3-year survival rate. The results of discrimination test showed that the concordance index of the whole parameter prediction model of ureteral urothelial carcinoma was 0.726, which was higher than that of peripheral blood parameters (consistency index 0.672). The immune microenvironment of ureteral urothelial carcinoma improved the prediction accuracy of the model.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis prediction model based on immune inflammation-related markers was established as a perfection and supplement for the existing pathological grading and staging system, providing a basis for accurate individualized treatment of patients with urete-ral urothelial carcinoma. The prognosis prediction model based on the relevant indicators of peripheral blood samples is established, which is easy to obtain specimens, and the detection method is simple and economical, which is more conducive to clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/diagnosis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Microenvironment , Ureteral Neoplasms/diagnosis
12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 587-592, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909364

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the distribution of research hotspots and frontiers of multidrug-resistant bacteria in intensive care units in China through the method of visualization, and to predict future research directions, analyze the research development process, so as to provide reference basis for further research in this field.Methods:Studies related to multidrug-resistant bacteria in intensive care units published in China from 2000 to 2019 by CNKI were reviewed. According to the keywords by CiteSpace 5.6.R2, the co-occurring network was generated to analyze the distribution of research hotspots in this field. Meanwhile, the mutation map of keywords was used to forecast the future research directions to a certain extent.Results:A total of 1 324 articles were finally included in the quantitative analysis. From 2000 to 2019, the number of publications in the field of multi-drug resistant bacteria in intensive care units showed a gradual increase, of which the number of publications increased rapidly from 2008 to 2014 (the number of publications increased from 34 to 124 articles). In the initial stage of research, conceptual keywords appeared, such as intensive care unit, infection, pathogenic bacteria and drug resistance among others. A dense keywords group appeared from 2008 to 2014, which covered several aspects, such as nosocomial infection, Acinetobacter baumannii, pathogenic bacteria, drug resistance, pulsed field gel electrophoresis and nursing etc., suggesting that research in this field has entered a period of vigorous development. High-frequency keywords, such as risk factors, pathogens, antibiotics, nosocomial infections, drug resistance genes and homology appeared from 2015 to 2019, thus representing the hotspots in recent years. Conclusions:The overall research on multidrug-resistant bacteria in intensive care units in China has gradually improved. The current studies focus on homology analysis and multidrug-resistant bacteria infections, among other topics. Further explorations at the genetic level will be conducted to fill the research vacancy in this field and to provide molecular biological basis for reducing the occurrence of multidrug-resistant bacteria in the future.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 18-22, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the value of utilizing bpMRI in prostate biopsy in the detection of prostate cancer with PSA≤20ng/ml.Methods:The clinical data of 394 patients who underwent prostate biopsy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2017 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Of all the patients, 177 underwent modified systematic biopsy, named TRUS group, 217 patients accepted pre-biopsy bpMRI examination, undergoing modified systematic biopsy if Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) score < 3 or MRI-TRUS cognitive fusion targeted prostate + systematic biopsy if PI-RADS score ≥ 3, named MRI group. The median age of TRUS group was 66 (61, 74) years old, prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 9.52 (7.26, 12.30) ng / ml, and prostate volume (PV) was 36.84 (28.95, 57.72)ml. The median age of MRI group was 66 (59, 72) years old, PSA was 8.84 (6.65, 12.16) ng/ml, and PV was 39.45 (29.25, 58.69)ml. There was no difference in above parameters between the two groups. The χ 2 test was used to compare the detection rate of prostate cancer and clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) between the two groups. Results:There was no significant difference in the detection rates of prostate cancer between TRUS group and MRI group [51.41% (91/177) vs. 48.39% (105/ 217), P = 0.550], but the detection rates of CsPCa were significantly different [26.55% (47/177) vs. 36.41% (79/217), P = 0.037]. In patients with PSA ≤ 10 ng / ml, there was no significant difference in the detection rates of prostate cancer between the two groups [43.62% (41/94) vs. 43.08% (56/130), P = 0.936], but there was a significant difference in the detection rates of CsPCa [17.02% (16/94) vs. 28.46% (37/130), P = 0.047]. There was no significant difference in the detection rates of prostate cancer [60.24% (50/83) and 56.17% (48/87), P= 0.504] and the detection rates of CsPCa [37.35% (31/83) vs. 48.28% (42/87), P = 0.150] between the two groups. The total detection rates of the last two needles in TRUS group and MRI group were 23.16% (41/177) and 36.63% (86/217), respectively, with significant difference ( P=0.001); the detection rates of CsPCa in the last two needles were 11.86% (26/177) and 29.03% (63/ 217), respectively, with significant difference ( P < 0.001). In MRI group, the detection rates of prostate cancer in patients with PI-RADS score <3, 3, 4, 5 were 21.21% (7/33), 25.84% (23/89), 73.24% (52/71), 95.83% (23/24), respectively; the detection rates of CsPCa were 12.12% (4/33), 17.98% (16/89), 54.93% (39/71), 83.33% (23/24), respectively. Conclusions:In patients with PSA ≤ 20 ng / ml, prostate biopsy based on bpMRI may improve the detection of CsPCa, especially in patients with PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml.

14.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e754, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156452

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La corrección de ametropías moderadas-severas mediante lentes fáquicas permite conservar la acomodación, además, de obtener una mejor calidad óptica, reversibilidad del procedimiento y la opción de corregir defectos refractivos residuales mediante cirugía corneal mínima invasiva. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad de los lentes fáquicos ACR-128 en la corrección de la alta miopía tras un año de su implante. Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 67 ojos de 36 pacientes con miopía corregida con lente fáquica ACR-128. Se determinaron las características biométricas y refractivas por ojo, relación entre el componente esférico esperado y el observado, distribución por ojos el componente esférico esperado y el observado, relación entre cilindro queratométrico pre y posoperatorio y relación entre la agudeza visual sin corrección y la agudeza visual mejor corregida en el pre y posoperatorio. Resultados: La edad media fue 28,06 ± 6,14(25 mujeres, 11 hombres) el equivalente esférico preoperatorio OD promedio de -10,77 ± 4,23 dioptrías y OI promedio de -10,77 ± 3,72 dioptrías. El componente esférico en dioptrías esperado (-0,56 ± 0,38) y observado (-0,43 ± 0,69) sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0,14). El cilindro queratométrico en dioptrías, pre (1,41 ± 0,74) y posoperatorio (1,24 ± 0,88) sin astigmatismo inducido (p = 0,12). El 100 por ciento tenía agudeza visual sin corrección preoperatoria ≤ 0,1 y posoperatoria ≥ 0,5. Conclusiones: Un año después del implante de lente fáquica ACR-128 en la corrección de la alta miopía el tratamiento continúa efectivo, pues reduce el componente esférico al deseado y mantenerlo, no inducir astigmatismo y mantener mejor agudeza visual(AU)


Introduction: Correction of moderate-severe ametropia with phakic lenses makes it possible to preserve accommodation and provides better optical quality, reversibility of the procedure and the option of correcting residual refractive defects by minimally invasive corneal surgery. Objective: Determine the effectiveness of ACR-128 phakic lenses for high myopia correction one year after implantation. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 67 eyes of 36 patients with myopia corrected with ACR-128 phakic lenses. Determination was made of the biometric and refractive characteristics of each eye, the relationship between the expected and the observed spherical component, the distribution of the expected and the observed spherical component per eye, the relationship between the pre- and postoperative keratometric cylinder, and the relationship between pre- and postoperative uncorrected and best corrected visual acuity. Results: Mean age was 28.06 ± 6.14 (25 women, 11 men). Average preoperative spherical equivalent was -10.77 ± 4.23 diopters RE and -10.77 ± 3.72 diopters LE. Spherical component in diopters: expected (-0.56 ± 0.38) and observed (-0.43 ± 0.69), without statistically significant differences (p= 0.14). Keratometric cylinder in diopters: preoperative (1.41 ± 0.74) and postoperative (1.24 ± 0.88), without induced astigmatism (p = 0.12). In 100 percent visual acuity without correction was #8804; 0.1 preoperative and ≥ 0.5 postoperative. Conclusions: One year after ACR-128 phakic lens implantation for high myopia correction, the treatment remains effective, reducing the spherical component and maintaining it at the desired level, not inducing astigmatism and preserving best visual acuity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cornea/surgery , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Myopia/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Aftercare
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 514-518, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effects of percutaneous spinal endoscopy (percutaneous endoscopy) in the treatment of high prolapse free lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#From May 2016 to June 2018, 24 patients with highly prolapse free lumbar disc herniation were enrolled in this study, including 11 males and 13 females, ranging in age from 48 to 72 years old, with an average of (59.5±7.2) years old. There were 1 case of L, 5 cases of L, 18 cases of L. The course of disease ranged from 8 to 26 months, with an average of (16.2±6.3) months. All the patients were subjected to local infiltration anesthesia. The clinical outcomes were evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS) for leg pain, low backpain and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) at preoperative, first day after operation and 6 month after surgery. All data were statisticed by SPSS 22.0.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 24 months, with a mean of (17.5±5.3) months. The average operation time was(69.8±14.2) minutes. One patient had cerebrospinal fluid leakage, which improved after supine rest. VAS scores of lower back pain were 6.36±1.27, 3.94±1.03, 1.62±0.87, 0.44±0.27, 0.37±0.29. VAS scores of leg pain were 8.28±1.74, 3.16±1.24, 2.83±1.13, 0.83±0.31, 0.46±0.31, and the differences were statistically significant (<0.05). The ODI were (48.79±9.83)%, (36.51±11.24)%, (21.05±6.35)%, (9.83±4.62)% and (7.24±4.72)% 1 day before and 1 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after the operation, respectively. One year after the operation, the modified Macnab evaluation system was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the patients, 19 patients got an excellent result, 3 good, 2 fair and 0 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Percutaneous endoscopic pedicle anchoring technique for the treatment of high prolapse free lumbar disc herniation can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients, and has the advantages of less trauma, less bleeding, rapid recovery, complete removal of the nucleus pulposus, and less pain of patients, etc., its clinical efficacy is accurate, operability is strong, it is worth promoting in the clinical use.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Lumbar Vertebrae , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 90-99, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787685

ABSTRACT

Farnesol (FOH) is produced by dephosphorylation of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) derived from two universal building blocks, dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) and isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP). In Rhodobacter sphaeroides these building blocks are generated by MEP pathway, however, many of the biosynthetic reactions and biotransformations in the MEP pathway are limited by low availability of NADPH. Improvement of the amount of intracellular NADPH may enhance the synthesis of FOH. In this study, we utilized the strategies of increasing the production of NADPH and decreasing the consumption of NADPH. The expression of glucose 6-phosphate isomerase (pgi) and glutamate dehydrogenase (gdhA) were inhibited by RNA interference, respectively, and overexpression of 6-glucose phosphate dehydrogenase (zwf) and 6-glucose phosphate dehydrogenase (gnd) in the pentose phosphate pathway were carried out. The results showed that the content of NADPH in the recombinant strains increased significantly, the highest FOH production of RSpgii in the RNA interfered strain was 3.91 mg/g, and the FOH production increased to 3.43 mg/g after zwf gene and gnd gene has been overexpressed. In order to obtain strains with higher FOH production, we used RSpgii as the starting strain, and zwf, gnd and co-overexpressed zwf + gnd gene were overexpressed in RSpgii, respectively. The highest FOH production of the strain RSzgpi reached to 4.48 mg/g which was 2.24 times that of the starting strain RS-GY2.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1298-1303, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827610

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been proven associated with the pathogenesis of asthmatic airway remodeling, in which the Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays an important role, notably with regard to TGF-β1. Recent studies have shown that 1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3(1α, 25(OH)2D3) inhibits TGF-β1-induced EMT, although the underlying mechanism have not yet been fully elucidated.@*METHODS@#Alveolar epithelial cells were exposed to 1α, 25(OH)2D3, ICG-001, or a combination of both, followed by stimulation with TGF-β1. The protein expression of E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin, fibronectin, and β-catenin was analyzed by western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis. The mRNA transcript of Snail was analyzed using RT-qPCR, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) activity was analyzed by gelatin zymogram. The activity of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway was analyzed using the Top/Fop flash reporters.@*RESULTS@#Both 1α, 25(OH)2D3 and ICG-001 blocked TGF-β1-induced EMT in alveolar epithelial cells. In addition, the Top/Fop Flash reporters showed that 1α, 25(OH)2D3 suppressed the activity of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and reduced the expression of target genes, including MMP-9 and Snail, in synergy with ICG-001.@*CONCLUSION@#1α, 25(OH)2D3 synergizes with ICG-001 and inhibits TGF-β1-induced EMT in alveolar epithelial cells by negatively regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 840-845, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the use of bi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI)-based cognitive fusion targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy in patients with prostate imaging reporting and data system (PI-RADS)≥3.Methods:The clinical data of 220 patients with PI-RADS ≥3 who underwent bpMRI-transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) cognitive fusion targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from May 2018 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 66 (60, 73) years old, median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 8.73 (6.52, 11.93) ng/ml, medlian prostate volume was 39.25(29.26, 58.39) ml and the mean body mass index (BMI) was (24.02±2.60) kg/m 2. For each patient, bpMRI-TRUS cognitive fusion targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy were performed by two independent experienced urologists. The primary endpoint was the detection rate of CsPCa-A [clinically significant prostate cancer-A, defined as International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group 2 or higher tumors]. The secondary endpoints were the detection rates of CsPCa-B (defined as ISUP grade group 3 or higher tumors) and CIPCa (clinically insignificant prostate cancer, defined as ISUP grade group 1 tumors). McNemar test and Chi-square test were used to compare the positive rates of CsPCa-A, CsPCa-B and CIPCa between targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy. Results:In this study, 112 patients (50.91%) were diagnosed with prostate cancer, and the detection was 42.73% (94/220) in targeted biopsy and 46.82% (103/220) in systematic biopsy.CsPCa-A was detected in 84 (38.18%) patients. Detection of CsPCa-A by targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy was not different significantly [30.00% (66/220) vs.34.09% (75/220), P=0.120]. CsPCa-A would have been missed in 8.18% (18/220) patients had not performed systematic biopsy, and in 4.09% (9/220) patients had not performed targeted biopsy. CsPCa-B was detected in 26.36% (58/220) patients. Detection of CsPCa-B by targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy was not different significantly [20.00% (44/220) vs. 23.18% (51/220), P=0.190]. CsPCa-B would have been missed in 6.36% (14/220) patients had not performed systematic biopsy, and in 3.18% (7/220) patients had not performed targeted biopsy. In addition, there was no difference in the positive rates of CIPCa between targeted biopsy combined with systematic biopsy, targeted biopsy only or systematic biopsy only [all three were 12.73% (28/220), P=1.000]. Nine post-biopsy adverse events were reported, including 5 cases of infection, 2 cases of vagal reflex and 2 cases of urinary retention. All of them were improved after symptomatic treatment. Conclusions:No significant difference was identified in the detection rate of CsPCa between targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy. However, combination of targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy could further improve the detection rate of CsPCa without increasing the detection of CIPCa. Therefore, a pre-biopsy bpMRI did have significant importance in the biopsy-na?ve patients, but did not seem to skip the need for systematic biopsy.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 661-666, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of prostate cancer (PCa) detection rate between transperineal cognitive fusion targeted biopsy (COG-TB) and software fusion targeted (FUS-TB).Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 157 patients accepted transperineal targeted biopsies from December 2018 to December 2019, including 67 cases of COG-TB and 90 cases of FUS-TB. All patients were prostate biopsy na?ve, with PSA levels ≤ 20 ng/ml and prostate imaging reporting and data system version 2.1 (PI-RADS v2.1) scores ≥ 3. There was no significant difference between COG-TB and FUS-TB in the age [(70.78 ± 8.86) vs. (70.52 ± 8.79) years old], body mass index [(24.36 ± 2.69)vs. (24.14 ± 3.15) kg/m 2], prostate volume [36.69 (27.52, 47.40) vs. 38.81 (28.80, 53.46) cm 3], PSA level [8.27 (6.0, 11.65) vs. 8.88 (6.40, 13.54) ng/ml], PSAD [0.23 (0.15, 0.36) vs. 0.21 (0.14, 0.34) ng/ml 2], suspicious digital rectal examination findings [16 (23.9%) vs. 17 (18.9%)] and PI-RADS scores [24 (35.8%), 24 (35.8%), 19 (28.4%) and 21 (23.3%) vs. 21 (23.3%), 42 (46.7%), 27 (30.0%) for PI-RADS 3, 4, and 5, respectively]. There was no significant difference in baseline characteristics between the two groups (all P<0.05). The overall and stratified detection rates of PCa and clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) were compared between the two groups. The upgrading rates of Gleason score after radical prostatectomy against biopsy Gleason score were compared between the two groups. Results:There was no significant difference between COG-TB and FUS-TB in the detection rate of PCa [76.1% (51/67) vs. 68.9% (62/90), P=0.32]. Also, no significant difference was found in the detection rate of PCa stratified by PSA [0-10ng/ml: 69.1% (29/42) vs. 57.1% (28/49); 10-20ng/ml: 88.0% (22/25) vs. 82.9% (34/41); all P>0.05] and PI-RADS score [3: 45.8% (11/24) vs. 23.8% (5/21); 4: 91.7% (22/24) vs. 81.0% (34/42); 5: 94.7% (18/19) vs. 85.2% (23/27); all P>0.05]. Similarly, there was no dramatically difference between COG-TB and FUS-TB in the detection rate of CsPCa [58.2% (39//67) vs. 50.0% (45/90), P>0.05]. No significant difference was found in the detection of CsPCa stratified by PSA [0-10ng/ml: 45.2% (19/42) vs.36.7% (18/49); 10-20 ng/ml: 80.0% (20/25) vs. 65.9% (27/41) ; all P>0.05] and PI-RADS score [3: 29.2% (7/24) vs. 9.5% (2/21), 4: 66.7% (16/24) vs. 57.1% (24/42), 5: 84.2%(16/19) vs. 70.4% (19/27) ; all P>0.05]. Additionally, the two technique was not different significantly in the upgrading rate [28.9% (13/45) vs. 26.2% (11/42), P=0.78]. Conclusions:There is no significant difference between FUS-TB and COG-TB in the detection rate of PCa and CsPCa, along with the upgrading rate after RP in patients with PSA ≤ 20 ng / ml and PI-RADS v2.1 score≥3.

20.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2957-2960, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803387

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the effect of early pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation on postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation and sexual function in different delivery methods.@*Methods@#Ninety-three parturient women who admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Taizhou Hospital from January 2018 to December 2018 were divided into cesarean section group (53 cases) and vaginal delivery group (40 cases) according to the mode of delivery.Early pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation was performed in both two groups.Maternal pelvic floor rehabilitation was assessed by pelvic floor muscle pressure and muscle fiber contraction, and maternal sexual function was assessed by sexual function status score.@*Results@#Before treatment, the sustained systolic blood pressure of type Ⅰ muscle fibers[(28.14±3.03)cmH2O vs.(27.66±3.14)cmH2O], the duration of type Ⅰ muscle fibers[(9.54±1.04)s vs.(9.66±1.00)s], the rapid systolic blood pressure of type Ⅱ muscle fibers[(48.14±3.03)cmH2O vs.(47.66±3.14)cmH2O], and the contraction of type Ⅱ muscle fibers[(2.54±1.04) vs.(2.66±1.00)] had no statistically significant differences between the two groups (t=0.401, 0.312, 2.401, 0.324, all P>0.05). After treatment, the sustained systolic blood pressure of type Ⅰ muscle fibers, duration of type Ⅰ muscle fibers, rapid systolic blood pressure of type Ⅱ muscle fibers, and the contraction of type Ⅱ muscle fibers had statistically significant differences between the two groups (t=10.642, 10.214, 10.672, 10.254, all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in resting pressure and pelvic systolic pressure between the two groups before intervention (all P>0.05). After intervention, both two indicators were elevated, and the differences were statistically significant compared with before treatment (t=12.093, 14.152, all P<0.05). The resting pressure and pelvic systolic pressure in the cesarean section group were higher than those in the vaginal delivery group, the differences were statistically significant (t=11.642, 10.234, all P<0.05). Compared with before intervention, the indicators and total scores of sexual function in the cesarean section group were better than those in the vaginal delivery group, the differences were statistically significant (t=15.401, 17.312, 19.645, 19.401, 17.312, all P<0.05). After intervention, the maternal sexual function indicators and total score in the two groups were increased, and the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant (t=0.642, 1.214, 0.468, 0.668, 0.068, all P> 0.05).@*Conclusion@#Early pelvic floor rehabilitation is beneficial to the recovery of pelvic floor and sexual function.

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