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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 286-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990641

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary hepatic malign-ancy in clinic. The prognosis of patients remains extremely poor because of the high malignancy and easy recurrence and metastasis of HCC. In recent years, the roles of platelets in promoting the malignant progression of HCC have increasingly attracted much attention. It is known that platelets could promote HCC cells proliferation and invasion through tumor microenvironment. On the other hand, platelets are capable to promote HCC cells distant metastasis by facilitating tumor cells evasion of immune surveillance. Besides, the platelet-derived growth factors and proangiogenic factors are also involved in the proliferation, invasiveness, and neovascularization of HCC. In addition, patients with HCC normally have a background of cirrhosis, and it is still controversial that whether the thrombocytopenia by portal hypertension and hypersplenism can promote the malignant progress of HCC. In view of this, the diagnostic and prognostic value of platelet levels, as well as platelet-associated scores in HCC have increasingly become research focus. The authors elaborate the detailed mechanisms of platelets in malignant progression of HCC, and discuss the recent research progress of platelets as effective diagnostic or prognostic tools for the assessment of HCC, which is of great importance to optimize the current treatment regimen and explore novel therapeutic strategies against HCC.

2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 488-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986880

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association between short-term exposure to indoor total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) and nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) among young female adults.@*METHODS@#This panel study recruited 50 young females from one university in Beijing, China from December 2021 to April 2022. All the participants underwent two sequential visits. During each visit, real time indoor TVOC concentration was monitored using an indoor air quality detector. The real time levels of indoor temperature, relative humidity, noise, carbon dioxide and fine particulate matter were monitored using a temperature and humidity meter, a noise meter, a carbon dioxide meter and a particulate counter, respectively. HRV parameters were measured using a 12-lead Holter. Mixed-effects models were used to evaluate the association between the TVOC and HRV parameters and establish the exposure-response relationships, and two-pollutant models were applied to examine the robustness of the results.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the 50 female subjects was (22.5±2.3) years, and the mean body mass index was (20.4±1.9) kg/m2. During this study, the median (interquartile range) of indoor TVOC concentrations was 0.069 (0.046) mg/m3, the median (interquartile range) of indoor temperature, relative humidity, carbon dioxide concentration, noise level and fine particulate matter concentration were 24.3 (2.7) ℃, 38.5% (15.0%), 0.1% (0.1%), 52.7 (5.8) dB(A) and 10.3 (21.5) μg/m3, respectively. Short-term exposure to indoor TVOC was associated with significant changes in time-domain and frequency-domain HRV parameters, and the exposure metric for most HRV parameters with the most significant changes was 1 h-moving average. Along with a 0.01 mg/m3 increment in 1 h-moving average concentration of indoor TVOC, this study observed decreases of 1.89% (95%CI: -2.28%, -1.50%) in standard deviation of all normal to normal intervals (SDNN), 1.92% (95%CI: -2.32%, -1.51%) in standard deviation of average normal to normal intervals (SDANN), 0.64% (95%CI: -1.13%, -0.14%) in percentage of adjacent NN intervals differing by more than 50 ms (pNN50), 3.52% (95%CI: -4.30%, -2.74%) in total power (TP), 5.01% (95%CI: -6.21%, -3.79%) in very low frequency (VLF) power, and 4.36% (95%CI: -5.16%, -3.55%) in low frequency (LF) power. The exposure-response curves showed that indoor TVOC was negatively correlated with SDNN, SDANN, TP, and VLF when the concentration exceeded 0.1 mg/m3. The two-pollutant models indicated that the results were generally robust after controlling indoor noise and fine particulate matter.@*CONCLUSION@#Short-term exposure to indoor TVOC was associated with significant negative changes in nocturnal HRV of young women. This study provides an important scientific basis for relevant prevention and control measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Air Pollutants/analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Volatile Organic Compounds/analysis , Carbon Dioxide , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Environmental Pollutants
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 746-751, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare and analyze the effect of unplanned versus planned admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) on the prognosis of high-risk patients after surgery, so as to provide a clinical evidence for clinical medical staff to evaluate whether the postoperative patients should be transferred to ICU or not after surgery.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients who were transferred to ICU after surgery admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January to December in 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including gender, age, body mass index, past history (whether combined with hypertension, diabetes, pulmonary disease, cardiac disease, renal failure, liver failure, hematologic disorders, tumor, etc.), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), elective surgery, pre-operative hospital consultation, length of surgery, worst value of laboratory parameters within 24 hours of ICU admission, need for invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), duration of IMV, length of ICU stay, total length of hospital stay, ICU mortality, in-hospital mortality, and survival status at 30th day postoperative. The unplanned patients were further divided into the immediate transfer group and delayed transfer group according to the timing of their ICU entrance after surgery, and the prognosis was compared between the two groups. Cox regression analysis was used to find the independent risk factors of 30-day mortality in patients transferred to ICU after surgery.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 377 patients were included in the post-operative admission to the ICU, including 232 in the planned transfer group and 145 in the unplanned transfer group (42 immediate transfers and 103 delayed transfers). Compared to the planned transfer group, patients in the unplanned transfer group had higher peripheral blood white blood cell count (WBC) at the time of transfer to the ICU [×109/L: 10.86 (7.09, 16.68) vs. 10.11 (6.56, 13.27)], longer total length of hospital stay [days: 23.00 (14.00, 34.00) vs. 19.00 (12.00, 29.00)], and 30-day post-operative mortality was higher [29.66% (43/145) vs. 17.24% (40/232)], but haemoglobin (Hb), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), and IMV requirement rate were lower [Hb (g/L): 95.00 (78.00, 113.50) vs. 98.00 (85.00, 123.00), PaCO2 (mmHg, 1 mmHg ≈ 0.133 kPa): 36.00 (29.00, 41.50) vs. 39.00 (33.00, 43.00), PaO2/FiO2 (mmHg): 197.00 (137.50, 283.50) vs. 238.00 (178.00, 350.25), IMV requirement rate: 82.76% (120/145) vs. 93.97% (218/232)], all differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the 30-day cumulative survival rate after surgery was significantly lower in the unplanned transfer group than in the planned transfer group (Log-Rank test: χ2 = 7.659, P = 0.006). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that unplanned transfer, APACHE II score, whether deeded IMV at transfer, total length of hospital stay, WBC, blood K+, and blood lactic acid (Lac) were associated with 30-day mortality after operation (all P < 0.05). Multifactorial Cox analysis showed that unplanned transfer [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.45, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.54-3.89, P < 0.001], APACHE II score (HR = 1.03, 95%CI was 1.00-1.07, P = 0.031), the total length of hospital stay (HR = 0.86, 95%CI was 0.83-0.89, P < 0.001), the need for IMV on admission (HR = 4.31, 95%CI was 1.27-14.63, P = 0.019), highest Lac value within 24 hours of transfer to the ICU (HR = 1.17, 95%CI was 1.10-1.24, P < 0.001), and tumor history (HR = 3.12, 95%CI was 1.36-7.13, P = 0.007) were independent risk factors for patient death at 30 days post-operative, and the risk of death was 2.45 times higher in patients unplanned transferred than in those planned transferred. Subgroup analysis showed that patients in the delayed transfer group had significantly longer IMV times than those in the immediate transfer group [hours: 43.00 (11.00, 121.00) vs. 17.50 (2.75, 73.00), P < 0.05].@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 30-day mortality, WBC and total length of hospital stay were higher in patients who were transferred to ICU after surgery, and PaO2/FiO2 was lower. Unplanned transfer, oncology history, use of IMV, APACHE II score, total length of hospital stay, and Lac were independent risk factors for patient death at 30 days postoperatively, and patients with delayed transfer to ICU had longer IMV time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Respiration, Artificial , Hospitalization , Prognosis , Intensive Care Units
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 638-642, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence, risk factors, duration and outcome of delirium in intensive care unit (ICU) patients.@*METHODS@#A prospective observational study was conducted for critically ill patients admitted to the department of critical care medicine, the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from September to November 2021. Delirium assessments were performed twice daily using the Richmond agitation-sedation scale (RASS) and confusion assessment method of ICU (CAM-ICU) for patients who met the inclusions and exclusion criteria. Patient's age, gender, body mass index (BMI), underlying disease, acute physiologic assessment and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) at ICU admission, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) at ICU admission, oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), diagnosis, type of delirium, duration of delirium, outcome, etc. were recorded. Patients were divided into delirium and non-delirium groups according to whether delirium occurred during the study period. The clinical characteristics of the patients in the two groups were compared, and risk factors for the development of delirium were screened using univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 347 ICU patients were included, and delirium occurred in 57.6% (200/347) patients. The most common type was hypoactive delirium (73.0% of the total). Univariate analysis showed statistically significant differences in age, APACHE score and SOFA score at ICU admission, history of smoking, hypertension, history of cerebral infarction, immunosuppression, neurological disease, sepsis, shock, glucose (Glu), PaO2/FiO2 at ICU admission, length of ICU stay, and duration of mechanical ventilation between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio (OR) = 1.045, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.027-1.063, P < 0.001], APACHE score at ICU admission (OR = 1.049, 95%CI was 1.008-1.091, P = 0.018), neurological disease (OR = 5.275, 95%CI was 1.825-15.248, P = 0.002), sepsis (OR = 1.941, 95%CI was 1.117-3.374, P = 0.019), and duration of mechanical ventilation (OR = 1.005, 95%CI was 1.001-1.009, P = 0.012) were all independent risk factors for the development of delirium in ICU patients. The median duration of delirium in ICU patients was 2 (1, 3) days. Delirium was still present in 52% patients when they discharged from the ICU.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of delirium in ICU patients is over 50%, with hypoactive delirium being the most common. Age, APACHE score at ICU admission, neurological disease, sepsis and duration of mechanical ventilation were all independent risk factors for the development of delirium in ICU patients. More than half of patients with delirium were still delirious when they discharged from the ICU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prevalence , Critical Care , Risk Factors , Sepsis , Intensive Care Units
5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 66-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the factors influencing pulmonary infections in elderly neurocritical patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to explore the predictive value of risk factors for pulmonary infections.Methods:The clinical data of 713 elderly neurocritical patients [age ≥ 65 years, Glasgow coma score (GCS) ≤ 12 points] admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether or not they had HAP, the elderly neurocritical patients were divided into hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) group and non-HAP group. The differences in baseline data, medication and treatment, and outcome indicators between the two groups were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the factors influencing the occurrence of pulmonary infection.The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted for risk factors and a predictive model was constructed to evaluate the predictive value for pulmonary infection.Results:A total of 341 patients were enrolled in the analysis, including 164 non-HAP patients and 177 HAP patients. The incidence of HAP was 51.91%. According to univariate analysis, compared with the non-HAP group, mechanical ventilation time, the length of ICU stay and total hospitalization in the HAP group were significantly longer [mechanical ventilation time (hours): 171.00 (95.00, 273.00) vs. 60.17 (24.50, 120.75), the length of ICU stay (hours): 263.50 (160.00, 409.00) vs. 114.00 (77.05, 187.50), total hospitalization (days): 29.00 (13.50, 39.50) vs. 27.00 (11.00, 29.50), all P < 0.01], the proportion of open airway, diabetes, proton pump inhibitor (PPI), sedative, blood transfusion, glucocorticoids, and GCS ≤ 8 points were significantly increased than those in HAP group [open airway: 95.5% vs. 71.3%, diabetes: 42.9% vs. 21.3%, PPI: 76.3% vs. 63.4%, sedative: 93.8% vs. 78.7%, blood transfusion: 57.1% vs. 29.9%, glucocorticoids: 19.2% vs. 4.3%, GCS ≤ 8 points: 83.6% vs. 57.9%, all P < 0.05], prealbumin (PA) and lymphocyte count (LYM) decreased significantly [PA (g/L): 125.28±47.46 vs. 158.57±54.12, LYM (×10 9/L): 0.79 (0.52, 1.23) vs. 1.05 (0.66, 1.57), both P < 0.01]. Logistic regression analysis showed that open airway, diabetes, blood transfusion, glucocorticoids and GCS ≤ 8 points were independent risk factors for pulmonary infection in elderly neurocritical patients [open airway: odds ratio ( OR) = 6.522, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 2.369-17.961; diabetes: OR = 3.917, 95% CI was 2.099-7.309; blood transfusion: OR = 2.730, 95% CI was 1.526-4.883; glucocorticoids: OR = 6.609, 95% CI was 2.273-19.215; GCS ≤ 8 points: OR = 4.191, 95% CI was 2.198-7.991, all P < 0.01], and LYM, PA were the protective factors for pulmonary infection in elderly neurocritical patients (LYM: OR = 0.508, 95% CI was 0.345-0.748; PA: OR = 0.988, 95% CI was 0.982-0.994, both P < 0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) for predicting HAP using the above risk factors was 0.812 (95% CI was 0.767-0.857, P < 0.001), with a sensitivity of 72.3% and a specificity of 78.7%. Conclusions:Open airway, diabetes, glucocorticoids, blood transfusion, GCS ≤ 8 points are independent risk factors for pulmonary infection in elderly neurocritical patients. The prediction model constructed by the above mentioned risk factors has certain predictive value for the occurrence of pulmonary infection in elderly neurocritical patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 552-556, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993372

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) refers to adenocarcinoma originating from the secondary bile ducts and their branches within the liver, with high malignancy and poor prognosis. Radical surgical resection is currently the only possible way to cure ICC, but only some patients meet the surgical standards, and even with surgical resection, about 60% of patients will relapse within 1~2 years. Neoadjuvant therapy and adjuvant therapy are important perioperative treatment methods for ICC, with the aim of reducing postoperative recurrence and improving postoperative survival. This article aims to elaborate on the current status and research progress of neoadjuvant therapy and adjuvant therapy for ICC.

7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 72-80, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927849

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and the potential roles of long non-coding RNA(lncRNA)cancer susceptibility candidate 2(CASC2)and imprinted gene H19 in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ECC). Methods Four samples from patients with ECC were collected for high-throughput sequencing which was conducted to reveal the transcriptomic profiles of lncRNA CASC2 and H19.Bioinformatics tools were employed to predict the potential roles of the two genes.Another 22 ECC tissue samples and the cholangiocarcinoma cell lines(RBE,QBC939,HuH-28,and HuCCT1)with different degrees of differentiation were selected for validation.The para-carcinoma tissue and normal human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cell(HIBEC)were used as the control groups.The expression levels of lncRNA CASC2 and H19 in carcinoma tissue,para-carcinoma tissue,and cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR).The correlation analysis was carried out for the clinical indicators of patients with the expression levels of the target genes. Results The two target genes showed significantly different expression between carcinoma tissue and para-carcinoma tissue(all P<0.05).Specifically,CASC2 had higher expression level in the carcinoma tissue than in the para-carcinoma tissue(t=1.262,P=0.025),whereas the expression of H19 showed an opposite trend(t=1.285,P=0.005).The expression levels of CASC2 in QBC939(t=8.114,P=0.015)and HuH-28(t=9.202,P=0.012)cells were significantly higher than that in the control group.The expression levels of H19 were significantly lower in RBE(t=-10.244,P<0.001),QBC939(t=-10.476,P<0.001),HuH-28(t=-19.798,P<0.001),and HuCCT1(t=-16.193,P=0.004)cells than in the control group.Bioinformatics analysis showed that CASC2 was mainly involved in the metabolic process and H19 in the development of multicellular organisms.Both CASC2 and H19 were related to catalytic activity.The expression level of lncRNA CASC2 was correlated with pathological differentiation(χ 2=6.222,P=0.022)and lymph node metastasis(χ2=5.455,P=0.020),and that of lncRNA H19 with pathological differentiation(χ2=1.174,P=0.029)and tumor size(χ2=-0.507,P=0.037). Conclusions In the case of ECC,lncRNA CASC2 and H19 have transcription disorders.lncRNA CASC2 is generally up-regulated in the carcinoma tissue,while H19 is down-regulated.Both genes have the potential to become new molecular markers for ECC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Duct Neoplasms/genetics , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 55-60, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of the B cell ectopic gene 2 (BTG2) in the pancreatic cancer tissue and analyze its relationship with the clinicopathological features and prognosis.Methods:46 pairs of pancreatic cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues kept in paraffin in the pathology department, and 9 fresh pancreatic cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues resected by surgery in Department of Pancreatic Surgery of Sinopharm Dongfeng General Hospital from June 2015 to December 2020 were collected. BTG2 gene expression in 46 pairs of pancreatic cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues were detected by immunohistochemical staining, and high and low BTG2 expression groups were divided. BTG2 gene expression in 9 fresh pancreatic cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues were detected by RT-PCR. The correlation between BTG2 protein expression level and clinicopathological features was analyzed. Furthermore, the survival curve and death risk curve were drawn using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Cox regression hazards model was applied for the univariate and multivariate analysis of the factors affecting the prognosis of pancreatic cancer.Results:29 of 46 (63.04%) pancreatic cancer tissues had high BTG2 expression, and 38(82.61%) of corresponding adjacent tissues had high BTG2 expression; and BTG2 high expression rate of adjacent tissues was significantly higher than that of cancer tissues. Three out of 9 pancreatic cancer tissues were highly differentiated, and six cases had medium-and low differentiation. The BTG2 expression of highly differentiated pancreatic carcinoma was significantly higher than that of moderately and poorly differentiated carcinoma tissues [(0.66±0.07 vs 0.24±0.18); the expression level of adjacent tissues was significantly higher than that of cancer tissues (1.00±0.00 vs 0.38±0.30), and all differences were statistically significant (all P values <0.001). Low BTG2 expression in pancreatic cancer was associated with low tumor differentiation and vascular invasion (all P values <0.05), but was not correlated with tumor location, volume, lymph node metastasis, CA19-9 level and postoperative liver metastasis. The median survival of high BTG2 expression group was significantly longer than that of low BTG2 expression group (525 d vs 266 d, P<0.001). Among patients with survival time ≥300 d, the survival time was significantly higher in the high BTG2 expression group than in the BTG2 low expression group (616±135d vs 426±113 d), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). Among patients with survival time <300 d, there was no significant difference between BTG2 high and low expression group. The results of the univariate analysis showed that tumor differentiation degree, vascular invasion, BTG2 expression, CA19-9 levels, and postoperative liver metastasis were all associated with the prognosis of pancreatic cancer. The results of the multivariate analysis showed that BTG2 expression level ( HR=2.572, 95% CI1.140-5.802, P=0.023), vascular invasion ( HR=0.023, 95% CI0.072-0.572, P=0.003) and postoperative liver metastasis ( HR=0.240, 95% CI0.102-0.564, P<0.001) were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer. Conclusions:BTG2 expression in pancreatic cancer tissues was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues, and its low expression was associated with strong aggressiveness, low differentiation degree and poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer. The effect of BTG2 on the prognosis in pancreatic cancer patients was mainly in the long term.

9.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 823-828, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958147

ABSTRACT

Objective:Chemiluminescence immunoassay was used to detect the levels of anticardiolipin antibody (aCL) -IgA/IgG/IgM and anti-β2-glycoprotein Ⅰ antibody (aβ2GPⅠ) -IgA/IgG/IgM in healthy non-pregnant and pregnant women to explore the changes of antiphospholipid antibody in different pregnancy periods.Methods:This prospective study was conducted in Shandong Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital Affiliated to Qingdao University, involving normal pregnant women who underwent prenatal examination and healthy non-pregnant women with no history of adverse pregnancy who underwent progestational eugenic health examination from April 2020 to August 2021. The levels of aCL-IgA/IgG/IgM and aβ2GPⅠ-IgA/IgG/IgM were detected using BIO-FLASH chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer and P95 as well as P99 were calculated, respectively. The difference in the six data between non-pregnant and pregnant women was compared using Mann-Whitney U test. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare the change of each antibody in different pregnancy periods and Spearman correlation was used to analyze the correlation between different trimester and the levels of aCL-IgA/IgG/IgM and aβ2GPⅠ-IgA/IgG/IgM. Results:A total of 454 cases met the inclusion criteria, and 435 cases were included in the analysis after excluding 19 cases, among them 110 were non-pregnant women and 325 were pregnant women, including 110 cases in the first trimester (≤13 +6 weeks), 110 cases in the second trimester(14 +0-27 +6 weeks), and 105 cases in the third trimester (≥28 weeks). P99 value of aCL-IgA/IgG/IgM and aβ2GPⅠ-IgA/IgG/IgM in the non-pregnant women were 7.31, 14.70, 7.92, 3.58, 13.60, and 4.95 CU, which in the pregnant women were 5.90, 12.78, 5.70, 1.60, 10.65, and 3.90 CU, and were all lower than the cut-off value of 20 CU that given by the analyzer manufacturer. The levels of aCL-IgA/IgG/IgM, and aβ2GPⅠ-IgG/IgM in the pregnant women were significantly decreased comparing with the non-pregnant women [aCL-IgA: 1.90 CU (1.40-2.70 CU) vs 2.90 CU (2.20-3.83 CU), Z=-7.14; aCL-IgG: 3.00 CU (2.20-4.50 CU) vs 6.10 CU (4.20-7.83 CU), Z=-10.26; aCL-IgM: 1.40 CU (1.10-2.30 CU) vs 2.65 CU (2.08-3.73 CU), Z=-8.87; aβ2GPⅠ-IgG: 3.50 CU (2.60-4.90 CU) vs 4.75 CU (3.60-5.93 CU), Z=-5.45; aβ2GPⅠ-IgM: 0.70 CU (0.50-1.20 CU) vs 1.00 CU (0.60-1.53 CU) , Z=-3.73; all P<0.001]. The aCL-IgA level in the third trimester was higher than those in the first and second trimester (both P<0.05). The levels of aCL-IgG/IgM in the second trimester and aβ2GPⅠ- IgG in the second and third trimesters were significantly decreased than those in the first trimester (all P<0.05). Spearman analysis showed that aCL-IgG/IgM, aβ2GPⅠ-IgA/IgM had no significant correlation with the pregnancy period (the first, second and the third trimester) (all P>0.05). However, a weak correlation between the aCL-IgA, aβ2GPⅠ- IgG and the pregnancy period was observed ( r=0.28 and-0.49, both P<0.001) Conclusions:P99 value of aCL-IgA/IgG/IgM and aβ2GPⅠ-IgA/IgG/IgM levels in normal pregnant women and non-pregnant women are lower than the cut-off value of 20 CU given by the analyzer manufacturer. The levels of aCL-IgA/IgG/IgM and aβ2GPⅠ-IgG/IgM during pregnancy are lower than those before pregnancy and fluctuate with the pregnancy period, but have no significant correlation with the pregnancy period. The clinical diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome should be made according to the cut-off values of aCL-IgA/IgG/IgM and aβ2GPⅠ-IgA/IgG/IgM determined by each laboratory.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 693-698, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956037

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) in patients with sepsis complicated by abdominal surgery, and to evaluate the predictive value of risk factors for PMV.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinical data of patients with postoperative abdominal sepsis complicated with invasive mechanical ventilation who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020 were collected. The patients were divided into PMV group (duration of mechanical ventilation longer than 48 hours) and non-PMV group (duration of mechanical ventilation shorter than 48 hours) according to the duration of mechanical ventilation in ICU. The patient's gender, age, body mass index (BMI), underlying diseases, mean arterial pressure (MAP), complete blood count, blood biochemistry, arterial blood gas, cardiac function indicators, procalcitonin (PCT) at admission to the ICU, the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) and the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores in the first 24 hours of admission to the ICU, and other clinical information were recorded. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors for PMV. Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of related indicators for PMV.Results:A total of 195 patients with sepsis after abdominal surgery who received invasive mechanical ventilation were enrolled, including 127 males (65.1%) and 68 females (34.9%), with the median age of 65 (21, 93) years old. There were 91 patients (46.7%) in the non-PMV group and 104 patients (53.3%) in the PMV group. Univariate analysis showed that the APACHEⅡ score, SOFA score, cardiac troponin T (cTnT), N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in the PMV group were significantly higher than those in the non-PMV group. Oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2), total protein (TP) and prealbumin (PA) in the PMV group were all lower than those in the non-PMV group when admitted to ICU. In the PMV group, serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), cystatin C (Cys C) were significantly increased, prothrombin time (PT) was significantly prolonged, the proportion of patients with septic shock and hypertension were significantly increased as compared with those in the non-PMV group. Multivariate analysis showed that low PaO 2/FiO 2 at ICU admission [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.995, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.992-0.999, P = 0.010], high ln PCT ( OR = 1.301, 95% CI was 1.088-1.555, P = 0.004), high ln cTnT ( OR = 1.562, 95% CI was 1.079-2.261, P = 0.018) and septic shock ( OR = 4.967, 95% CI was 2.461-10.026, P = 0.000) were the independent risk factors for PMV in patients with sepsis after abdominal surgery. ROC curve analysis showed that the PaO 2/FiO 2, ln cTnT, ln PCT and septic shock had certain predictive value for PMV, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the four variables were 0.607, 0.638, 0.690 and 0.711, the sensitivity was 50.0%, 62.5%, 86.5% and 74.0%, and the specificity was 71.4%, 62.6%, 48.3% and 68.1%, respectively. The AUC for the joint prediction of the four variables was 0.803, with a sensitivity of 76.0% and a specificity of 78.0%. It suggested that the multivariate joint prediction of PMV was more accurate. Conclusions:Decreased PaO 2/FiO 2, increased PCT, increased cTnT and the occurrence of septic shock are independent risk factors for PMV in patients with sepsis complicated by abdominal surgery. The combination of above four indices was more accurate than one single variable in predicting PMV and had higher diagnostic value.

11.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 1057-1063, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at the Zusanli point on the scorch death of duodenal cells in rats with functional dyspepsia (FD) and possible mechanisms.Methods:Twenty-four 7-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group and an EA group, each of 8. FD was induced in both the model and EA group rats using iodoacetamide gavage with tail-clip stimulation. After successful modeling the EA group was given acupuncture at the Zusanli point and then connected with a Korean acupuncture point nerve stimulator for 2 weeks. The other 2 groups were not given any intervention. The rats′ body weight was recorded before and after the modeling, as well as 7 and 14 days later. The gastric emptying rate and the small intestine propulsion rate of the three groups were detected right after the EA intervention, and the serum expression levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured using enzyme-linked immunoassays. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reactions were used to detect the transcription levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in the rats′ duodenums, while western blotting was employed to assess the expression of caspase-1 P20 and dermatin D (GSDMD) in their duodenums.Results:After successful modeling, the average body weight of the rats in the model and EA groups was significantly different from that in blank group, and after 7 and 14 days the average body weight of the former groups was significantly different from that of the blank group, with significant differences between the two groups as well. After the EA intervention significant differences were observed in gastric reside and small intestine propulsion rate between the EA group and the model group, as well as between the model and the blank group. After the intervention, there were significant differences between the blank group and the other two groups in the average expression of IL-1β and IL-6 in serum, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in the duodenum, as well as the GSDMD and caspase-1 p20 proteins in the duodenum. There were significant differences between the model and EA groups in all of the above measurements.Conclusions:EA at the Zusanli point can significantly reduce the level of scorch death in the duodenum of FD rats, as well as relieve low-grade duodenal inflammation and the clinical symptoms of FD. Its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of the expression of caspase-1 P20 and GSDMD-N protein, and of inflammatory factors such as IL-1β and IL-6, relieving low-grade duodenal inflammation.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1497-1503, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the standardized construction of critical care departments in different cities and counties of Guizhou province to promote the homogenization development of critical care medicine in Guizhou Province.Methods:Using research methods such as field investigation and data collection, the public hospitals of 88 counties and urban areas in 9 prefectures and cities of Guizhou province were divided into five routes: southeast, northeast, northwest, southwest, and Guiyang. To design the survey form for the standardized construction of ICU, the e-form was sent to the director of ICU or his/her designated personnel by email or wechat 2-3 days in advance. Check the authenticity of data item by item on site, and leave the hospital after checking the receipt form.Results:From April to July 2021, the survey and research data collection was completed for 146 public hospitals (excluding provincial hospitals) with intensive care departments in 88 counties and cities of 9 dizhou cities in Guizhou Province, including 24 Grade-Ⅲ Level A hospitals. 122 Grade-Ⅱ and above hospitals (including 8 Grade-Ⅲ Level B hospitals, 11 Grade-Ⅲ comprehensive hospitals, 97 Level-Ⅱ A hospitals, 3 Level-Ⅱ B hospitals, and 3 Level-Ⅱ comprehensive hospitals). 146 public hospitals have a total of 80 983 beds and 104 017 open beds. The department of Critical Care has 2 035 beds. The ratio of actual beds in ICU to total beds in hospital was 2.51%. From 1999 to 2010, 18 (12.33%) established departments, and from 2011 to 2021, 128 (87.67%) established departments. The total area of the discipline is 113 355.48 m 2, with an average bed area of 55.70 m 2. There were 97 hospitals with 1.5-2.0 m bed spacing, accounting for 66.44%, and 49 hospitals with 2.1- > 2.5 m spacing, accounting for 33.56%. The number of negative pressure wards: 1 in each of 43 hospitals, accounting for 29.45%; 103 hospitals did not have, accounting for 70.55%. The number of single rooms: 288 in 140 hospitals, accounting for 95.89%; 6 hospitals did not have, accounting for 4.11%. Central oxygen supply: 138 hospitals have (94.52%); 8 hospitals did not have, accounting for 5.48%. Natural ventilation: in 129 hospitals with 88.36%; 17 hospitals did not have, accounting for 11.64%. Specialized ICU construction: 66 hospitals, accounting for 45.21%; none in 80 hospitals, accounting for 54.79%. There are 3 712 doctors and nurses in 146 public hospitals. The total number of doctors was 1 041, and the ratio of doctors to beds was 0.51∶1. The total number of nurses was 2 675, and the ratio of nurses to beds was 1.31∶1. Conclusions:All 88 counties and districts in 9 prefectures and cities of Guizhou province have established intensive care medicine departments. The standardization of the discipline construction has been significantly improved. Lack of talents is still an important factor restricting the rapid development of the discipline.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1453-1458, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors that were associated with the death of elderly patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after elective abdominal surgery, and to find reliable and sensitive predictive indicators for early interventions and reducing the mortality.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinical data of elderly (age≥65 years old) patients after elective abdominal surgery admitted to the ICU of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 1st 2016 to December 31st 2020 were collected, including the patient's gender, age, body mass index (BMI), medical history, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grades, surgical classification, intraoperative blood loss, duration of operation, interval time between end of operation and admission to the ICU, acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ) score and the worst laboratory examination results within 24 hours of ICU admission, the first blood gas analysis in ICU, the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, and the length of ICU stay. Postoperative abdominal infection was evaluated by the pathogenic culture of peritoneal drainage fluid and clinical symptoms and signs. The patients were divided into death group and survival group based on clinical outcomes, and clinical data were compared between the two groups. Binary multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the risk factors of death, and the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to analyze the predictive values of these risk factors.Results:A total of 226 elderly patients with elective abdominal surgery were admitted to the ICU of our hospital during the past 5 years, of whom, two patients who did not undergo laboratory examinations within 24 hours of admission to the ICU were excluded. Finally, 224 patients met the criteria, with 158 survivors and 66 deaths. Univariate analysis showed that: compared with survival group, APACHEⅡscore, blood lactate acid (Lac) and the proportion of postoperative abdominal infection were higher in death group [APACHEⅡ score: 27.5 (25.0, 31.3) vs. 23.0 (18.0, 27.0), Lac (mmol/L): 2.9 (1.8, 6.6) vs. 1.8 (1.1, 2.8), the proportion of postoperative abdominal infection: 65.2% (43/66) vs. 35.4% (56/158), all P < 0.01], prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and interval time between end of surgery and admission to ICU were longer [PT (s): 17.20 (14.50, 18.63) vs. 14.65 (13.90, 16.23), APTT (s): 45.15 (38.68, 55.15) vs. 39.45 (36.40, 45.70), interval time between end of surgery and admission to ICU (hours): 39.2 (0.7, 128.9) vs. 0.7 (0.3, 2.0), all P <0.01], postoperative hemoglobin (Hb), platelet count (PLT), prealbumin (PA), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) were lower in death group [Hb (g/L): 95.79±23.64 vs. 105.58±19.82, PLT (×10 9/L): 138.5 (101.0, 177.5) vs. 160.5 (118.5, 232.3), PA (g/L): 80.88±43.63 vs. 116.54±50.80, MAP (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 76.8±19.1 vs. 91.6±19.8, PaO 2/FiO 2 (mmHg): 180.0 (123.5, 242.5) vs. 223.5 (174.8, 310.0), all P < 0.05]. Binary multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHEⅡscore [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.187, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) =1.008-1.294, P < 0.001], interval time between end of operation and admission to ICU ( OR = 1.005, 95% CI = 1.001-1.009, P = 0.016) and postoperative abdominal infection ( OR = 2.630, 95% CI = 1.148-6.024, P = 0.022) were independent risk factors for prognosis in these patients. MAP ( OR = 0.978, 95% CI = 0.957-0.999, P = 0.041) and PaO 2/FiO 2 ( OR = 0.994, 95% CI = 0.990-0.998, P = 0.003) were protective factors for the patients' prognosis. Lac, Hb, PLT, PA, PT and APTT had no predictive value for the prognosis of elderly patients admitted to ICU after elective abdominal surgery [ OR value and 95% CI were 1.075 (0.945-1.223), 1.011 (0.99-1.032), 1.000 (0.995-1.005), 0.998 (0.989-1.007), 1.051 (0.927-1.192) and 1.003 (0.991-1.016), respectively, all P > 0.05. ROC curve analysis showed that APACHEⅡscore, interval time between end of operation and admission to the ICU and the postoperative abdominal infection had certain predictive values for the prognosis of elderly patients, the area under ROC curve (AUC) were 0.755, 0.732 and 0.649 respectively, all P < 0.001; When the cut-off of APACHEⅡscore and interval time between end of operation and admission to the ICU were 24.5 scores and 2.15 hours, the sensitivity were 78.8% and 66.7%, respectively, and the specificity were 62.0% and 76.6%, respectively. The combined predictive value of the three variables was the highest, which AUC was 0.846, the joint prediction probability was 0.27, the sensitivity was 83.3%, and the specificity was 75.3%. Conclusion:APACHEⅡscore, interval time between end of surgery and admission to ICU, and postoperative abdominal infection may be independent risk factors for the death of elderly patients who were admitted to the ICU after elective abdominal surgery, there would be far greater predictive values when the three variables were combined.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1302-1308, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of low- and medium-dose of glucocorticoids in adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) through Meta-analysis and trials sequential analysis (TSA).Methods:Databases associated with adult ARDS treatment with low- and medium-dose glucocorticoids both in English and in Chinese were searched from PubMed, Medline, China Biology Medicine (CBM), Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP, of which the search duration was from the establishment of the database to December 2020. Low-dose glucocorticoids were defined as methylprednisolone ≤ 1 mg·kg -1·d -1, and medium dose glucocorticoids were defined as methylprednisolone ≤ 2 mg·kg -1·d -1. According to the Cochrane Collaboration bias risk assessment tool, the quality of the included literature was evaluated, and the data were extracted. Meta-analysis and TSA were used to evaluate the effects of low- and medium-dose glucocorticoids on the hospital mortality, intensive care unit (ICU) mortality, and mechanical ventilation free time in ICU for 28 days, PaO 2/FiO 2, and the occurrence of nosocomial infections and hyperglycemia. Results:A total of 996 patients in 7 literatures were finally included, including 515 patients in the low- and medium-dose glucocorticoid group (hormone group) and 481 patients in the conventional treatment group (control group). The research quality of 7 literatures was relatively high. The results of Meta-analysis and TSA showed that, compared with the control group, the hospital mortality in the hormone group was significantly decreased [relative risk ( RR) = 0.77, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.66-0.89, P = 0.000 6], and mechanical ventilation free time in ICU for 28 days was significantly prolonged [standardized mean difference ( SMD) = 0.50, 95% CI was 0.36-0.65, P < 0.000 1]. Although Meta-analysis showed that the ICU mortality of the hormone group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( RR = 0.61, 95% CI was 0.38-0.99, P = 0.04), the TSA results showed that the cumulative Z value crossed the traditional threshold, but did not cross the TSA cut-off value, and the sample size did not reach required information size (RIS, n = 3 252), needed more research to confirm. Although Meta-analysis showed that PaO 2/FiO 2 in the hormone group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( SMD = 0.78, 95% CI was 0.13-1.43, P = 0.02), TSA showed that the cumulative Z value did not pass the traditional and TSA cut-off values. More research was needed for verification. Meta-analysis also showed that there was no significant difference in the incidence of new infection ( RR = 0.93, 95% CI was 0.74-1.17, P = 0.54) and the incidence of hyperglycemia ( RR = 1.11, 95% CI was 1.00-1.23, P = 0.05) between the hormone group and the control group. Conclusion:low- and medium-dose of glucocorticoids therapy can reduce the hospital mortality of adult ARDS patients and shorten the mechanical ventilation duration in ICU for 28 days, and low- and medium-dose of glucocorticoids therapy does not increase the risk of infection and hyperglycemia.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1193-1197, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931747

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) and midazolam on the endogenous plasma catecholamine levels and the dosage of exogenous norepinephrine (NE) to maintain blood pressure in patients with septic shock.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019, patients admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University who needed invasive mechanical ventilation and had a stay of more than 48 hours in the intensive care unit (ICU) for septic shock and received DEX or midazolam for sedation were enrolled in this study. The hemodynamic data, arterial blood lactic acid (Lac) level, arterial blood gas analysis and vasoactive drug dose at 0, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours after entering the ICU were dynamically recorded, and the plasma catecholamine levels at 0, 24, 48 hours after entering the ICU were recorded. The acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score on ICU-admission were calculated. The parameters of prognosis were collected.Results:A total of 24 patients were enrolled, 12 in the DEX group and 12 in the midazolam group. There were similar dynamic trends in heart rate (HR), central venous pressure (CVP), venous-arterial carbon dioxide pressure difference (Pv-aCO 2), oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2), and Lac level of patients between the two groups. Only the 12-hour CVP and 72-hour Pv-aCO 2 in the DEX group were significantly higher than those in the midazolam group [CVP (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 13±3 vs. 10±3, Pv-aCO 2 (mmHg): 9.4±5.2 vs. 4.8±2.2, both P < 0.05], and the mean arterial pressure (MAP) of patients in the DEX group at 48 hours and 72 hours was significantly higher than that in the midazolam group (mmHg: 95±10 vs. 86±10, 96±9 vs. 88±7, both P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the duration of mechanical ventilation, ICU mortality or in-hospital mortality between the DEX group and the midazolam group [duration of mechanical ventilation (days): 5.6 (3.8, 9.5) vs. 10.5 (5.9, 15.0), ICU mortality: 16.7% vs. 33.3%, in-hospital mortality: 25.0% vs. 41.7%, all P > 0.05]. There was no significant difference in the dosage of propofol or sufentanil between the DEX group and the midazolam group [propofol (mg/kg): 0 (0, 9.35) vs. 4.07 (0, 13.75), sufentanil (μg/kg): 6.26 (4.90, 9.80) vs. 8.32 (3.52, 9.34), both P > 0.05]. The levels of plasma NE, dopamine and dobutamine in the DEX group at 48 hours were significantly lower than those in the midazolam group [NE (ng/L): 1 850.12 (342.16, 2 938.05) vs. 4 596.60 (3 310.56, 5 546.84), dopamine (ng/L): 119.10 (60.47, 200.71) vs. 275.40 (214.61, 418.88), dobutamine (ng/L): 51.20 (36.85, 75.59) vs. 98.97 (85.65, 107.10), all P < 0.05], but the amount of NE required to maintain MAP between 65 mmHg and 75 mmHg in the DEX group and the midazolam group was similar [μg/kg: 1 922 (1 170, 4 887) vs. 2 466 (2 043, 3 438), P > 0.05]. Conclusion:DEX can reduce plasma catecholamine levels in patients with septic shock more than midazolam, and does not increase the dose of exogenous NE, and has a smaller effect on hemodynamics in patients with septic shock than midazolam.

16.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 224-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988354

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is highly invasive and has poor prognosis. At present, there is no effective adjuvant treatment. With the indepth researches on ICC-related tumor microenvironment, gene, protein, epigenetic modification and signaling pathway, the potential therapeutic targets have been found. This article will review the novel potential therapeutic targets of ICC.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 696-701, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and long-term effectiveness of endoscopic foam sclerotherapy (FS) combined with endoscopic rubber band ligation (ERBL)in the treatment of grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ internal hemorrhoids.Methods:Consecutive patients diagnosed as having grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ internal hemorrhoids in Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January to December 2020 were prospectively enrolled in the study, and randomly divided into ERBL group and FS combined with ERBL group. The 24 h visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain and 1-week degree of bleeding were evaluated after the treatment. After follow-up of 6 months, the effectiveness of treatment was evaluated.Results:A total of 84 patients with age of 54.4±7.9 years were enrolled, 57.1% (48/84) males, and 73.8% (62/84)grade Ⅱ internal hemorrhoids. Forty-three patients were assigned to the ERBL group and 41 to the FS combined with ERBL group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in baseline data ( P>0.05). In the FS combined with ERBL group, the mean amount of polidocanol foam was 13.8±2.5 mL, the mean number of injection site was 4.7±1.2, and the median scores of VAS was 0 (0, 3), which was significantly lower than that of ERBL group [2 (0, 4), Z=-2.116, P=0.034]. The bleeding rate 1 week after treatment in the ERBL and FS combined with ERBL group were 20.9% (9/43) and 29.3% (12/41), respectively, and mild bleeding was the main symptom. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the bleeding degree ( U=807.0, P=0.378). After 6 months of follow-up, the total effective rates in the ERBL group and the FS combined with ERBL group were 81.4% (35/43) and 90.2% (37/41), respectively ( U=684.5, P=0.044). Conclusion:FS combined with ERBL can effectively relieve post-treatment perianal pain, and improve the long-term effectiveness.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 145-151, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for the determination of artemisinin and arteannuin B in different <italic>Artemisia annua</italic> germplasms, compare the differences of the two compounds among different <italic>A. annua</italic> germplasm under the condition of hydroponic homogenization and explore the key factors affecting contents of principal compounds in different<italic> A. annua</italic> germplasms. Method:Seedlings from different <italic>A. annua</italic> germplasms were arranged randomly and fed in a hydroponic cultivation system. Contents of artemisinin and arteannuin B were detected by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) with multi-reaction monitoring mode and ACQUITY UPLC<sup>®</sup> BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase was water-acetonitrile (95∶5, containing 0.1% formic acid, A) and acetonitrile-water (95∶5, containing 0.1% formic acid, B) for gradient elution (0-3.5 min, 25%-1%A; 3.5-3.6 min, 1%-25%A; 3.6-5.0 min, 25%A), the flow rate was set at 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. The content differences of artemisinin and arteannuin B in different provenances of <italic>A. annua</italic> were detected and analyzed statistically. Result:The established method had high sensitivity and good separation. A significant difference of artemisinin and arteannuin B contents was observed in different germplasms under the same culture conditions, that is, under the constant temperature of 25 ℃ in hydroponics. The provenance with higher artemisinin content was Yunnan, and the content was 3 810.597 μg·g<sup>-1</sup>. The highest strain of arteannuin B was Shanxi provenance germplasm with the content of 1 691.747 μg·g<sup>-1</sup>. According to the content of artemisinin, the provenances were arranged as follows:Yunnan, Hainan, Hubei, Guangxi, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Beijing, Shandong, Heilongjiang, and Gansu province germplasms. Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant negative correlation between artemisinin content and latitude of <italic>A. annua</italic>, but there was no significant correlation between contents of artemisinin and arteannuin B and longitude. Conclusion:The contents of artemisinin and arteannuin B among different <italic>A. annua</italic> germplasms were significantly different under the same culture environment, and the dominant factors affecting biosynthesis and accumulation of artemisinin and arteannuin B in <italic>A. annua</italic> may be the genetic background, suggesting that germplasm improvement is the key factor to improve the medicinal quality of <italic>A. annua</italic> in subsequent cultivation.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 127-131, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885265

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To evaluate forearm intramuscular autograft Tx vs. forearm subcutaneous ultrasound-guided homogenate injection transplantation. Methods:One hundred-ten end-stage chronic renal failure patients who after total parathyroidectomy and autologous forearm Tx from Mar 2011 to Mar 2020 were enrolled for retrospective analysis.The control group received autologous parathyroid forearm intramuscular autograft Tx, and the observation group had the anterior fascia of the flexor carpus ultrasound-guided homogenate injection Tx. We evaluated the effects of transplantation between the two groups.Results:There were no significant differences in the levels of iPTH, blood calcium, blood phosphorus, and calcium-phosphorus product between the two groups of patients 30 minutes , 1 month , and 3 months after surgery.The two-dimensional ultrasound simulated ellipse dispersion volume in the observation group is much smaller than that in the control group [(2.51±0.41) cm 3vs. (1.91±0.55) cm 3, t=6.519, <0.001] The linear regression equation of the actual volume of the three-dimensional ultrasound in the observation group and the iPTH value in the observation group after 3 months is Y1=47.728+ 122.337X, r1=0.892, P<0.05. The linear regression equation of the two-dimensional ultrasound simulated ellipse diffusion volume in the observation group and the iPTH value in the observation group at 3 months after operation was Y2=121.408+ 81.736X, r2=0.883, P<0.05. Conclusion:Compared with intramuscular Tx, the recovery levels of iPTH, calcium, phosphorus and calcium-phosphorus product after the anterior fascia of the flexor carpus ultrasound-guided homogenate parathyroid glands injection Tx are similar, but its operation is more simple and diffusion volume is smaller.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 410-415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of NEMO binding domain peptide (NBDP) on lung inflammation and apoptosis in mice with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and its mechanism.Methods:Thirty-six male BALB/c mice were divided into normal saline (NS) control group, ARDS model group, NBDP negative control group and 6, 12 and 18 μg NBDP pretreatment group by random number table method, with 6 mice in each group. ARDS mouse model was reproduced by aerosol inhalation lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 50 μL. An equivalent among of NS was inhaled in NS control group. The mice in NBDP negative control group were inhaled the materials similar to the non-functional NBDP 30 minutes before the aerosol inhalation LPS; 6, 12 and 18 μg of NBDP 50 μL were respectively inhaled in NBDP pretreatment groups. After inhalation of LPS for 6 hours, mice were sacrificed to get lung tissue and observe the degree of pathological injury and edema. Western blotting was used to detect the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway related proteins [NF-κB inhibitor (IκB) kinaseα/β(IKKα/β), IκBα and NF-κB p65; p-IKKα/β, p-IκBα, p-p65] and the expression of caspase-3 in lung tissue. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and the levels of inflammatory markers such as myeloperoxidase (MPO), interleukins (IL-1β, IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:ARDS model group had severe edema and hemorrhage, alveolar structure destruction, pulmonary hemorrhage and hyaline membrane formation etc. under light microscope, consistent with the pathological characteristics of ARDS lung tissue, suggesting that the ARDS model was successfully reproduced. ELISA showed that MPO, IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α levels of BALF in ARDS model group were obviously higher than those in NS control group. There were no significant differences in the above inflammatory indicators between NBDP negative control group and ARDS model group. The levels of MPO, IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α in NBDP pretreatment groups were significantly lower than those in ARDS model group in a dose-dependent manner, especially in 18 μg NBDP, the differences were statistically significant as compared with ARDS model group [MPO (ng/L): 393.32±19.35 vs. 985.87±101.50, IL-1β (ng/L): 43.05±5.11 vs. 97.68±10.88, IL-8 (ng/L): 84.64±2.32 vs. 204.00±17.37, TNF-α (ng/L): 229.13±17.03 vs. 546.73±62.72, all P < 0.05]. Western blotting showed that p-IKKα/β, p-IκBα, p-p65 and caspase-3 protein expressions in ARDS model group were significantly higher than those in NS control group. There was no significant difference in above NF-κB pathway and apoptosis-related protein expression between the NBDP negative control group and ARDS model group. The p-IKKα/β, p-IκBα, p-p65 and caspase-3 protein expression in NBDP pretreatment groups were significantly lower than those in ARDS model group in a dose-dependent manner, especially in 18 μg NBDP, the differences were statistically significant as compared with ARDS model group [p-IKKα/β protein (p-IKKα/β/β-actin): 0.15±0.02 vs. 0.42±0.04, p-IκBα protein (p-IκBα/β-actin): 0.10±0.01 vs. 0.93±0.30, p-p65 protein (p-p65/β-actin): 0.22±0.05 vs. 1.37±0.21, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:NBDP can inhibit inflammatory response and apoptosis in ARDS lung tissue in a dose-dependent manner, and its mechanism is associated with interference NF-κB signaling pathway transduction.

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