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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928199

ABSTRACT

There are two modes to display panoramic movies in virtual reality (VR) environment: non-stereoscopic mode (2D) and stereoscopic mode (3D). It has not been fully studied whether there are differences in the activation effect between these two continuous display modes on emotional arousal and what characteristics of the related neural activity are. In this paper, we designed a cognitive psychology experiment in order to compare the effects of VR-2D and VR-3D on emotional arousal by analyzing synchronously collected scalp electroencephalogram signals. We used support vector machine (SVM) to verify the neurophysiological differences between the two modes in VR environment. The results showed that compared with VR-2D films, VR-3D films evoked significantly higher electroencephalogram (EEG) power (mainly reflected in α and β activities). The significantly improved β wave power in VR-3D mode showed that 3D vision brought more intense cortical activity, which might lead to higher arousal. At the same time, the more intense α activity in the occipital region of the brain also suggested that VR-3D films might cause higher visual fatigue. By the means of neurocinematics, this paper demonstrates that EEG activity can well reflect the effects of different vision modes on the characteristics of the viewers' neural activities. The current study provides theoretical support not only for the future exploration of the image language under the VR perspective, but for future VR film shooting methods and human emotion research.


Subject(s)
Arousal , Electroencephalography , Emotions/physiology , Humans , Motion Pictures , Virtual Reality
2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 690-697, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922242

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the extensive development of minimally invasive surgery for pulmonary nodules, preoperative localization becomes more and more critical. There are some defects in traditional localization methods, so it is necessary to improve. The aim of this study was to compare and analyze the safety and effectiveness of two new methods, namely four-hook needle and memory alloy coil, in the localization of pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 152 patients was performed. 76 cases were in four-hook needle group, and 76 cases were in memory alloy coil group. Pulmonary nodules were located before operation, and then video-assisted wedge resection was performed. The average procedure time, localization complications and nodule resection time were counted.@*RESULTS@#The target pulmonary nodules were successfully removed in both groups. In four-hook needle group, 76 patients found localization devices, all the pulmonary nodules were successfully removed, and one case was transferred to open the chest for wedge resection of pulmonary nodules due to severe thoracic adhesion. All 76 patients in memory alloy coil group were successfully resected with pulmonary nodules, and one patient underwent compromising enlarged resection because no lesion was found after the specimen was removed during the operation. There was no significant difference in the incidence of pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage, the success rate of localization and nodule wedge resection time between the two groups. The average time of localization in four-hook needle group was (13.66±3.11) min, lower than that of memory alloy coil group (15.51±3.65) min, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.001). In memory alloy coil group, when the distance from the nodule to the pleura was ≥1.5 cm and <1.5 cm, the average localization time was (17.20±4.46) min and (14.91±3.15) min, respectively, and there was a statistical difference between the two distance (P=0.044).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Four-hook needle and memory alloy coil have good safety and effectiveness, and the localization time of four-hook needle is shorter. When using memory alloy coil, the effect of the method is better for pulmonary nodules with a distance less than 1.5 cm to pleura.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908454

ABSTRACT

Gallbladder-duodenal fistula is a rare disease in clinical practice, and difficult to diagnosis. One patient with high suspicion of gallbladder-duodenal fistula in preoperative examination was performed with percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage due to could not tolerate surgical operation, and gallbladder-duodenal fistula was diagnosed with the gastric and intestinal fluids extracted from the drainage tube. In the later of fistula repair and the patient′s nutritional support management, the jejunal nutrition tube is inserted through the bile duct, and then the nutrition support was performed through this jejunal nutrition tube. This patients was recovered well.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907409

ABSTRACT

Virtual reality (VR) is a three-dimensional virtual technology which generates virtual world by computer simulation. VR provides users with the simulation of visual, auditory and tactile senses, so that users can observe things in the virtual space as in the real world. Electroencephalogram(EEG) is the direct reflection of the activation of neurons in the cerebral cortex. The combination of VR and EEG has become an important method of brain science research. However, the existing research lacks a systematic arrangement of combination of VR and EEG. In this paper, the related research of VR combined with EEG in the past 20 years were summarized, the corresponding experimental paradigm, research methods and results were introduced, and finally the future research directions of the combination of VR and EEG were prospected.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of acupoints, cone numbers and durations of moxibustion with different moxibustion methods on skin surface and inside temperature, and to provide references for the clinical standardization of moxibustion amount. Methods: The 42 big-ear white rabbits were divided into 6 groups according to the random number table method, a 1-cone direct moxibustion group, a 2-cone direct moxibustion group, a 3-cone direct moxibustion group, a 1-cone herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group, a 2-cone herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group, and a 3-cone herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group, with 7 rabbits in each group. Shenque (CV 8), Shenshu (BL 23) and Zusanli (ST 36) were used in each group, but the moxibustion methods, cone numbers and durations of moxibustion were different. Rabbits in each group received moxibustion once every other day for 5 times in total. During the intervention, a thermoelectricity coupled probe and a temperature recorder were used to record the real-time acupoint skin temperature and the temperature at different time points, so as to observe, analyze and process the real-time changes in the temperature difference between the surface and inside of acupoint skin. Results: For herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion, the best temperature for cone changing was (46.38±0.51) ℃ when the highest surface temperature was (49.20±0.52) ℃; the multi-factor comparison of acupoint × cone number × time and acupoint × moxibustion method × time showed that time × acupoint, time × moxibustion method and cone number × acupoint had interactive effects (all P<0.05). Comparing skin temperature differences between different cone numbers at the same acupoint, Shenque (CV 8) on the 1st and the 5th days, Shenshu (BL 23) on the 3rd and the 7th days, Zusanli (ST 36) on the 1st and the 9th days of experiment showed statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The skin temperature comparison of different moxibustion methods at the same acupoint all had statistical differences (all P<0.05), except for Shenque (CV 8) before moxibustion, Shenshu (BL 23) before moxibustion and on the 5th day; Zusanli (ST 36) only showed statistical differences on the 5th and 7th days (both P<0.05). The skin temperature differences of different acupoints after moxibustion in the 1-cone, 2-cone and 3-cone groups were statistically different (all P<0.05); direct moxibustion and herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion at different acupoints were all statistically different (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Cone changing temperature under the same specifications of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion was confirmed. Temperature difference between surface and inside of different acupoint skin at the same maximum temperature was significantly different due to the cone numbers and moxibustion methods, which showed the highest at Shenshu (BL 23), the second at Shenque (CV 8), and the lowest at Zusanli (ST 36). The influence of acupoint factor should be considered to determine the quantitative indicators of moxibustion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912791

ABSTRACT

The construction of safe hospital is the foundation of high-quality development of the hospital, and innovation provides power for the construction of safe hospital from the perspective of high-quality development. Taking Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital as an example, the authors introduced the innovation construction path of safe hospital in detail, and put forward the construction strategy of safe hospital with " two hearts" (patient-centered, employee-centered)and " four wings" (multimedia doctor-patient communication, Wulin aunt medical studio, integrated operation safety inspection, third-party medical liability insurance). Through the combination of basic safety management and innovative practice, the hospital vigorously promoted the culture of " two hearts" , and established an efficient collaborative information management system, so as to form replicable and promotable practical experience and promote the development of safe hospital.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912706

ABSTRACT

The existing doctor-patient communication pattern often falls prey to insufficient informed consent and even medical disputes. In the patient centered perspective, Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital explored a new communication mode centering on patients. Based on diagnosis-related groups catalogues and high-frequency surgeries catalogues of the departments, multimedia technology was called into play to produce dubbed PPTs and videos that were easy to understand, standardized and homogeneous, which were embedded into medical records system. Following observation of the PPT or video, patients could directly sign an informed consent on the computer. This practice not only deepens patient′s understanding and achieves homogeneous level of the communication, but also elevates doctor′s work efficiency, contributing to building a harmonious doctor-patient relationship.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887716

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was performed to compare the genetic diversity, virulence, and antimicrobial resistance of @*Methods@#A total of 38 clinical strains and 19 strains from healthy individuals were isolated from the samples collected in Ma'anshan City, Anhui Province. Their taxonomy was investigated using concatenated @*Results@#The 57 @*Conclusions@#The taxonomy, virulence properties, and antibiotic resistance of


Subject(s)
Aeromonas/pathogenicity , Case-Control Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Genetic Variation , Humans , Virulence Factors/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884626

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the atypical manifestations and treatment strategies of serous microcystic neoplasm of the pancreas.Methods:Review the case data of 11 cases of pancreatic serous microcystic adenoma with atypical preoperative clinical imaging findings admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from July 2008 to October 2019, and summarize their clinical manifestations, CT/MRI features, and preoperative clinical diagnosis, surgical methods, postoperative conditions.Results:The median age of the 11 patients was 50 (46-66) years old, 7 females, and 4 males. There were 8 cases with back pain and 6 cases with weight loss. The preoperative imaging examination found that the lesion was located in the head and neck in 8 cases, with pancreaticobiliary duct dilatation in 7 cases, suspected vascular invasion in 3 cases, and pancreatic parenchymal atrophy in 2 cases, 3 cases showed rich blood supply and solid space, and 2 cases were connected to the pancreatic duct. Preoperative diagnosis of pancreatic malignant tumors accounted for 4 cases, neuroendocrine tumors in 3 cases, solid pseudopapillary tumors in 3 cases, and intraductal papillary mucinous tumors in 1 case. All patients underwent surgical treatment, 3 cases of distal pancreatectomy (2 cases of using Kimura method to protect the spleen), 3 cases of pancreaticoduodenectomy, 1 case of total pancreatectomy, 2 cases of pancreatic head resection with duodenum preservation, 2 cases of local resection. All patients had no early postoperative deaths. There were 2 cases of grade B pancreatic fistula, 2 cases of biochemical leakage, 1 case of postoperative abdominal hemorrhage, and 2 cases of delayed gastric emptying, all of which were cured after active treatment. The median postoperative hospital stay was 18 (7-63) days.Conclusions:Pancreatic serous microcystic neoplasm could be accompanied by atypical features such as pancreatic/bile duct dilation, parenchyma atrophy, or even present vessel invasion. Understanding the atypical clinic and image features would help improving differential diagnosis and treatment. For those with invasive features, surgical exploration should be recommended.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882431

ABSTRACT

The rapid development of minimally invasive surgery in thoracic surgery has significant advantages over traditional surgery.At the same time, problems such as the difficulty in obtaining specimens from small incisions and the increase in operating costs due to special medical consumables have also emerged. Therefore, how to remove surgical specimens safely, efficiently and cost-effectively is an important issue faced by thoracic surgeons during surgery. Operating room sterile gloves are often used as specimen collection bags and widely used in thoracic surgery and many other departments because of their easy availability, low cost, and good flexibility. At present, most of the glove specimen collection bags are based on sterile gloves, and various manufacturing methods have evolved by the combination with instruments and sutures.This article will briefly review the application of various forms of glove specimen retrieval bags in thoracoscopic surgery reported in existing research, analyze their advantages, disadvantages and scope of application, so as to provide references for future clinical applications and technological innovation researches.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922771

ABSTRACT

The current study was designed to explore the brain protection mechanism of Xinglou Chengqi Decoction (XCD) based on gut microbiota analysis and network pharmacology. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of mice was established, followed by behavioral evaluation, TTC and TUNEL staining. Additionally, to investigate the effects of gut microbiota on neurological function after stroke, C57BL/6 mice were treated with anti-biotic cocktails 14 days prior to ischemic stroke (IS) to deplete the gut microbiota. High-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing, metabonomics technique, and flow multifactor technology were used to analyze bacterial communities, SCFAs and inflammatory cytokines respectively. Finally, as a supplement, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to fully explore the multicomponent-multitarget-multichannel mechanism of XCD in treating IS, implicated in ADME screening, target identification, network analysis, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analysis. We found that XCD effectively improved neurological function, relieved cerebral infarction and decreased the neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, XCD promoted the release of anti-inflammatory factor like IL-10, while down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL-22. Furthermore, XCD significantly increased the levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyric acid. The mechanism might be related to the regulation of SCFAs-producing bacteria like Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and bacteria that regulate inflammation like Paraprevotella, Roseburia, Streptophyta and Enterococcu. Finally, in the network pharmacological analysis, 51 active compounds in XCD and 44 intersection targets of IS and XCD were selected. As a validation, components in XCD docked well with key targets. It was obviously that biological processes were mainly involved in the regulation of apoptotic process, inflammatory response, response to fatty acid, and regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier in GO enrichment. XCD can improve neurological function in experimental stroke mice, partly due to the regulation of gut microbiota. Besises, XCD has the characteristic of "multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" in the treatment of IS revealed by network pharmacology and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Stroke/drug therapy
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the trends in characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients in tertiary Chinese medicine (CM) hospitals in China between 2006 and 2013.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was based on two nationwide epidemiological surveys of AMI in tertiary CM hospitals during 2 years (2006 and 2013). Patients admitted to the hospital for AMI were enrolled. Hospital records were used as the data source. Case data were derived regarding baseline characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of patients to assess changes from 2006 to 2013. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between prognosis, general influencing factors of disease, and various treatment measures.@*RESULTS@#Totally 26 tertiary CM hospitals in 2006 and 29 tertiary CM hospitals in 2013 (18 were repetitive) were surveyed. A total of 2,311 patients with AMI were enrolled (1,094 cases in 2006 and 1,217 cases in 2013). From 2006 to 2013, the mean age did not significantly change, but the proportion of patients younger than 65 years increased. The prevalence of risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia also increased. Significant increases were observed in primary percutaneous coronary intervention [20.48% (2006) vs. 24.90% (2013)] and revascularization [36.11% (2006) vs. 52.42% (2013)]. In-hospital mortality decreased from 11.15% in 2006 to 10.60% in 2013. A mortality logistic regression analysis identified reperfusion therapy [odds ratio (OR), 0.222; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.106-0.464], Chinese patent medicines (OR, 0.394; 95% CI, 0.213-0.727), and CM decoctions (OR, 0.196; 95% CI, 0.109-0.353) as protective factors.@*CONCLUSION@#Reperfusion and revascularization capabilities of tertiary CM hospitals have improved significantly, but in-hospital mortality has not significantly decreased. Efforts are needed to improve medical awareness of AMI and expand the use of CM to reduce in-hospital mortality in China.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861638

ABSTRACT

Pyroptosis is a form of programmed cell death, and can be mediated by caspase-1, caspase-3, caspase-4, caspase-5, caspase-8, and caspase-11. It is primarily induced through two pathways in which inflammasomes play an important role: the canonical and non-canonical pathways. Gasdermin D is a critical substrate for pyroptosis. Following enzymatic cleavage, gasdermin D releases N-terminal fragments that generate pores on the plasma membrane. This causes osmotic lysis and ultimately, the release of cytosolic content which consequently induces inflammatory responses. Various intermediaries of the pyroptotic cell death pathways are involved in cancer initiation, invasion and metastasis; hence, the research on pyroptosis exploits a new field of cancer treatment. In this review, we summarize the recent progresses in research focused on elucidating the molecular mechanism of pyroptosis, discovering the effects of pyroptotic-related molecules on the initiation and progression of cancer, and the applications and prospects of targeting pyroptosis for cancer treatments based specifically on the development of chemotherapy drugs.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880735

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The proportion of recurrences after discharge among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was reported to be between 9.1% and 31.0%. Little is known about this issue, however, so we performed a meta-analysis to summarize the demographical, clinical, and laboratorial characteristics of non-recurrence and recurrence groups.@*METHODS@#Comprehensive searches were conducted using eight electronic databases. Data regarding the demographic, clinical, and laboratorial characteristics of both recurrence and non-recurrence groups were extracted, and quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted.@*RESULTS@#Ten studies involving 2071 COVID-19 cases were included in this analysis. The proportion of recurrence cases involving patients with COVID-19 was 17.65% (between 12.38% and 25.16%) while older patients were more likely to experience recurrence (weighted mean difference (WMD)=1.67, range between 0.08 and 3.26). The time from discharge to recurrence was 13.38 d (between 12.08 and 14.69 d). Patients were categorized as having moderate severity (odds ratio (OR)=2.69, range between 1.30 and 5.58), while those with clinical symptoms including cough (OR=5.52, range between 3.18 and 9.60), sputum production (OR=5.10, range between 2.60 and 9.97), headache (OR=3.57, range between 1.36 and 9.35), and dizziness (OR=3.17, range between 1.12 and 8.96) were more likely to be associated with recurrence. Patients presenting with bilateral pulmonary infiltration and decreased leucocyte, platelet, and CD4@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main factors associated with the recurrence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) after hospital discharge were older age, moderate severity, bilateral pulmonary infiltration, laboratory findings including decreased leucocytes, platelets, and CD4


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Blood Cell Count , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , COVID-19/pathology , Cough , Dizziness , Headache , Humans , Patient Discharge , Recurrence , Risk Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802098

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of extracts from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Paeoniae Radix Rubra on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors(NMDAR1) in hippocampal neurons in rats with vascular dementia and investigate its possible mechanism. Method: The 60 SPF male rats were randomly divided into normal group, sham-operated group,model group, traditional Chinese medicine group(0.20 g·kg-1)and memantine group(2.1 mg·kg-1),with 12 rats in each group. The model was established by repeated ischemia-reperfusion combined with intraperitoneal injection of sodium nitroprusside. After modelling, normal group, sham-operated group and model group were dosed the similar volume of normal saline once a day for 14 days. The learning and memory capacity was assessed by Morris water maze; pathologic change in the CA1 district of hippocampus was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the expression level of NMDAR1 in hippocampal neuron membrane protein was detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry(IHC),the NMDAR1 mRNA in hippocampal tissue was detected by Real-time PCR. Result:Compared with normal and sham-operated group, the latency period was prolonged in model group(PPPPPPPPConclusion:The extracts from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Paeoniae Radix Rubra can improve the learning and memory capacity of rats with vascular dementia, and alleviate the injury in CA1 district of hippocampus. The mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of NMDAR1 expression in hippocampal neurons.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was conducted to investigate the regulation of endoplasmic reticulum stress on Nrf2 signaling pathway in the kidneys of rats.@*METHODS@#Rats were divided into twelve groups of six animals each. Some groups were pre-administered with bacitracin or tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), and all of them were treated with 5-20 μmol/kg cadmium (Cd) for 48 h. The oxidative stress levels were analyzed using kits. The mRNA and protein expression levels of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related factors and Nrf2 signaling pathway-related factors were determined using RT-PCR and western blot.@*RESULTS@#Cd exposure resulted in oxidative stress in the kidneys of rats and upregulated the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-related factors and Nrf2 signaling pathway-related factors, especially at doses of 10 and 20 μmol/kg Cd, and the expression changes were particularly obvious. Moreover, after pretreatment with bacitracin, Cd upregulated the expression of ERS-related factors to a certain extent and, at higher doses, increased the mRNA expression of Nrf2. After pretreatment with TUDCA, Cd reduced the level of ERS to a certain extent; however, at these doses, there were no significant changes in the expression of Nrf2.@*CONCLUSION@#Cadmium can result in ERS and oxidative stress in the kidneys of rats, activate Nrf2, and upregulate the transcriptional expression of phase II detoxification enzymes under these experimental conditions. ERS has a positive regulation effect on Nrf2 signaling pathway but has little effect on the negative regulation of Nrf2 signaling pathway in cadmium toxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cadmium , Toxicity , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Environmental Pollutants , Toxicity , Female , Kidney , Metabolism , Male , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid , Pharmacology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819017

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of Revolution CT combining three -dimensional visualization technique in the precision resection of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Totally 12 patients with surgical treatment and pathologically confirmed hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients underwent the Revolution CT plain and enhancement scan before surgery, and the 0.625 millimeter scan data were obtained. The DICOM format data were imported into MI-3DVS for three-dimensional reconstruction, simulated cutting, volume measurement, and surgical planning. Results The data of 12 patients were reconstructed successfully, and the sizes and locations of the lesions as well as the hepatic vascular systems were clearly displayed. The liver volume, hydatid volume, simulated resection volume, and residual liver ratio were measured accurately. The average whole liver volume and the lesion volume of the 11 surgical treated patients were (2 429.8 ± 335.9) mL and (919.6 ± 262.8) mL respectively. The average actually removed volume was highly associated with the average simulated resection volume (r = 0.979, P < 0.01). Conclusion Revolution CT combining three-dimensional visualization technique can achieve accurate diagnosis as well as optimal surgical planning before operation, which is of great value for the precision resection of difficult hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818597

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of Revolution CT combining three -dimensional visualization technique in the precision resection of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Totally 12 patients with surgical treatment and pathologically confirmed hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients underwent the Revolution CT plain and enhancement scan before surgery, and the 0.625 millimeter scan data were obtained. The DICOM format data were imported into MI-3DVS for three-dimensional reconstruction, simulated cutting, volume measurement, and surgical planning. Results The data of 12 patients were reconstructed successfully, and the sizes and locations of the lesions as well as the hepatic vascular systems were clearly displayed. The liver volume, hydatid volume, simulated resection volume, and residual liver ratio were measured accurately. The average whole liver volume and the lesion volume of the 11 surgical treated patients were (2 429.8 ± 335.9) mL and (919.6 ± 262.8) mL respectively. The average actually removed volume was highly associated with the average simulated resection volume (r = 0.979, P < 0.01). Conclusion Revolution CT combining three-dimensional visualization technique can achieve accurate diagnosis as well as optimal surgical planning before operation, which is of great value for the precision resection of difficult hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1885-1889, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To screen the best proportion of Astragalus membranaceus injection combined with Erigeron breviscapus injection against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group and administration group [different A. membranaceus injection-E. breviscapus injection proportion groups, being A(0 ∶ 10), B(2 ∶ 8), C(4 ∶ 6), D(6 ∶ 4), E(8 ∶ 2), F(10 ∶ 0)groups, set by baseline geometric proportion increasing and decreasing design], with 8 rats in each group. Except for sham operation group, reperfusion injury model of middle cerebral artery occlusion were induced by modified suture method in rats. The each administration group was given relevant medicine intraperitoneally once immediately after inducing model, and then given again after 24 hours (medication interval between the two injections of 30 min). Constant volume of normal saline was given to rats in sham operation group and model group. Forty-eight hours after reperfusion, Longa scoring method was used to evaluate neurological impairment of rats, and neurological impairment score was recorded. Serum content of MDA and activity of SOD were measured by colorimetry assay. TTC assay was used to detect cerebral infraction, and cerebral infarction rate was calculated. Kim’s formula was used to calculate the synergistic index (q) of rats in administration groups. RESULTS: Compared with sham operation group, neurological impairment score and serum content of MDA were increased significantly in model group, while activity of SOD was decreased significantly (P<0.01). The area of cerebral infarction increased significantly, and the rate of cerebral infarction increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with model group, neurological impairment scores and serum contents of MDA were decreased significantly in group A, B, C, D and E; neurological impairment score of group C was significantly lower than those of group A and F; serum contents of MDA in group B, C, D and E were significantly lower than that of group F (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Activities of SOD in group A, B, C, D and E were increased significantly, and group C was significantly higher than group F (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The cerebral infarction area of rats in each administration group was reduced to varying degrees. The cerebral infarction rates of rats in group B, C, D and E were significantly reduced, and group C and D were significantly lower than group F, while group C was significantly lower than group A (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The q values of group B, C, D and E were 0.90, 1.30, 1.00, 0.70 (neurological impairment score) and 0.79, 1.27, 0.98, 0.82 (cerebral infarction rate). CONCLUSIONS: Different ratios of A. membranaceus injection and E. breviscapus injection have certain protective effects on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model rats, can relieve their neurological deficits, alleviate their oxidative stress and reduce their cerebral infarction areas. The effect of the combination of the two drugs is better than that of single use, and the optimum ratio is 4 ∶ 6.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703180

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a stably overexpressing miR-31 transgenic mouse and detect the expression of miR-31 in the organs and tissues,and to provide qualified tool mice with overexpression of miR-31 in vivo. Methods The miR-31 overexpression vector was constructed by Gateway cloning technology. The vector was injected into fertilized ovum by DNA microinjection technology,then transferred to the pseudopregnant mice and waited for eutocia. Newborn mouse tail DNA was extracted and PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis were performed to identify the positive miR-31 transgenic mice. microRNA was extracted from the organs and tissues of miR-31 transgenic mice and the expression of miR-31 was de-tected by RT-PCR. The expression of Nestin and number of neural stem cells in the nervous system were compared in the positive and WT mice. Results The miR-31 transgenic mice were constructed successfully and bred more than 14 genera-tions in barrier environment. Expression of miR-31 was increased in major organs and tissues. The expression of Nestin and the number of neural stem cells in the positive mice were higher than those in the wild type mice. Conclusions MiR-31 overexpressing transgenic mice are constructed by Gateway cloning technology and the expression of miR-31 is stable in sub-sequent generations. The number of neural stem cells in the nervous system is higher than that in wild-type mice. The miR-31 overexpressing transgenic mice can be a good tool for experimental research of the function of overexpressed miR-31 in vivo and the treatment of nervous system diseases.

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