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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 529-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of herbal cake separated moxibustion on macrophage effector molecule T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-4 (Tim-4) and ubiquitination of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) in rabbits with immunosuppression, and to explore the possible mechanism on herbal cake separated moxibustion in improving immunosuppression.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two big-ear white rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a moxa stick moxibustion group and a herbal cake separated moxibustion group, 8 rabbits in each group. Except the normal group, the immunosuppression model was established by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide of60 mg/kg in the other 3 groups. "Shenque" (CV 8), "Shenshu" (BL 23), "Zusanli" (ST 36), etc. were selected in both the moxa stick moxibustion group and the herbal cake separated moxibustion group. Moxa stick moxibustion was applied in the moxa stick moxibustion group, one cone at each acupoint; herbal cake separated moxibustion was applied in the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, 5 cones at each acupoint. The intervention was given once every other day for 10 times in both groups. Leukocyte content in peripheral blood was detected by blood cell analyzer; the positive expression of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood was measured by flow cytometry, the serum levels of interleukin 2 (IL-2), CD8, CD68 and Tim-4 were detected by ELISA, and the expression of Tim-4 and F-box only protein 38 (FBXO38) in the liver and spleen tissues was measured by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, in the model group, white blood cell count (WBC) and percentage of neutrophils (NEU%) were decreased while percentage of lymphocyte (LYM%) was increased (P<0.01) in peripheral blood; the positive expression rates of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood were increased (P<0.01); the serum levels of IL-2, CD68 and Tim-4 were increased (P<0.01), the serum level of CD8 was decreased (P<0.01); the average optical density (AOD) of Tim-4 in the liver tissue and FBXO38 in the liver and spleen tissues was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the moxa stick moxibustion group and the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, WBC and NEU% were increased (P<0.01); the positive expression rates of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood were decreased (P<0.01); the serum levels of IL-2, CD68 and Tim-4 were decreased (P<0.01), the serum levels of CD8 were increased (P<0.01); the AOD of Tim-4 and FBXO38 in the liver tissue and FBXO38 in the spleen tissue was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the moxa stick moxibustion group, in the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, the positive expression rate of PD-1 in CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood was increased (P<0.05); serum level of Tim-4 was increased (P<0.01); AOD of Tim-4 in the liver tissue was decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Herbal cake separated moxibustion can improve immunosuppression by regulating the expression of macrophage effector molecule Tim-4 and the FBXO38 mediated ubiquitination of PD-1, Tim-4 may be one of the specific indexes of immunomodulation involving with herbal cake separated moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Interleukin-2/genetics , Moxibustion , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/genetics , Immunosuppression Therapy , Ubiquitination
2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 295-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965845

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe study aims to determine whether the horizontal posterior displacement of the distal clavicle in patients with acromioclavicular joint dislocation can be corrected via the application of modified intraoperative axillary fluoroscopy. MethodsFrom February 2019 to April 2021, 50 patients with Rockwood type Ⅲ acromioclavicular joint dislocation eligible for inclusion were randomly divided into two groups: the normal (32 cases) and the experimental (18 cases). The conventional anteroposterior position radiographs were obtained to detect the surgery effect on the patients in the normal group. In experimental group, modified intraoperative axillary radiographs were obtained, with the concept of polar coordinates introduced to reduce the horizontal posterior translation of the clavicle. Then we compared the perioperative parameters, such as average operative time, intraoperative blood loss between the two groups. The Constant score was used for assessing the postoperative function of the shoulder joint in the follow-up visits. ResultsNo statistically significant difference was found in gender, age, duration of injury, underlying diseases, intraoperative blood loss and operative time between the two groups. The postoperative shoulder function score of the experimental group was higher than that of the normal group. ConclusionsThe application of modified intraoperative axillary fluoroscopy is recommendable for accurately reducing posterior translation of the distal clavicle, and meanwhile helpful for the precise placement of the clavicular plate.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 74-80, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935911

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether the selective cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme inhibitors celecoxib has protective effect on the liver of rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) combined with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) via inhibiting the expression of Rho/ROCK pathway. Methods: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: type 2 diabetes mellitus combined with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (T2DM-NASH) group, T2DM-NASH + celecoxib group, control group, and control+celecoxib group. The T2DM-NASH and T2DM-NASH + celecoxib groups were fed with high-sugar and fat diet, and the control group and control + celecoxib group were fed with basal diet (25 kJ/kg). Four weeks later, streptozotocin (STZ, 30 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected into the NASH group and T2DM-NASH + celecoxib group to induce T2DM model, and the control group and control + celecoxib group were intraperitoneally injected with isovolumic citric acid-sodium citrate buffer. Four weeks after STZ injection, the T2DM-NASH + celecoxib group and the control + celecoxib group were gavaged with celecoxib (10 mg·kg·d) dissolved in normal saline for 4 weeks, and the remaining two groups of rats were gavaged with isovolumic normal saline for 4 weeks. Animals were sacrificed at the end of the 12- weeks, and the liver tissue was collected. Liver pathological changes were observed by HE staining. The expressions of RhoA, RhoA, ROCK1 and ROCK2 proteins in liver were detected by immunohistochemistry and western blot. The expressional condition of RhoA, ROCK1 and ROCK2 mRNA in liver were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The differences were compared between protein and mRNA expression among the groups by analysis of variance and t-test. Results: Compared with the control group and the control + celecoxib group, the liver tissue of the T2DM-NASH group and the T2DM-NASH + celecoxib group had severe steatosis, and there was partial inflammatory cell infiltration under the light microscope. The expression levels of RhoA, ROCK1 and ROCK2 protein and mRNA were significantly increased (P < 0.05) in each liver tissue, while liver steatosis was reduced to certain extent in T2DM-NASH + celecoxib group than T2DM-NASH group, and the expression levels of RhoA, ROCK1 and ROCK2 protein and mRNA were decreased in each liver tissue of T2DM-NASH group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The selective cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme inhibitors celecoxib has a protective effect on the liver of rats with T2DM-NASH, and its effect may be achieved by inhibiting the expression of Rho/ROCK pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cyclooxygenase 2/therapeutic use , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Liver , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 319-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935533

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of pediatric diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration and to analyze their relationship with prognosis. Methods: Forty-one cases of childhood diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration were collected at Children's Hospital of Fudan University (39 cases) and Xi'an Children's Hospital (2 cases), from July 2016 to July 2020. The clinical manifestations, imaging data, histopathology, immunohistochemical phenotype and molecular genetics features, tumor size, site and histological grading were evaluated. Results: Among the 41 cases, 21 were males and 20 females, the age of onset was 3-14 years, the average and median age was 7.6 years and 7.0 years, respectively. The tumor sites were brain stem (n=36) and other locations (n=5). The clinical manifestations were dizziness, gait disturbance, and limb weakness, etc. The MRI features were variable. The histology varied from low-grade to high-grade glioma with neuron differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells expressed H3K27M, GFAP, and Olig2. Genetic study showed that 76% (16/21) of tumors had H3F3A gene mutation, mostly accompanied by TP53 (62%, 13/21) missense mutation; five tumors (24%, 5/21) had HIST1H3B gene mutation, accompanied by missense mutations in ACVR1 and PI3K pathway-related gene PIK3CA (4/5) and PIK3R1 (1/5) mutations. The prognosis was dismal with only one alive and others died. The average and median overall survival time was 7 months and 4 months, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age, tumor location, radiologically maximum tumor diameter, histologic grading, and surgical methods were not significantly associated with overall survival rate (P>0.05). Conclusions: Pediatric diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27 alteration have unique clinicopathological and genetic characteristics. The prognosis is poor. The tumor location and histopathologic grading are not related to prognosis. New specific drugs and comprehensive treatment are needed to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Glioma/pathology , Histones/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Prognosis
5.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 179-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the quality of sleep in primary Sj?gren′s syndrome (pSS) patients and its impact on clinical features.Methods:One hundred patients with pSS who were hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2019 to April 2021 were included into this study. Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), fatigue severity score (FSS), Euro QOL five dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D), beck depression inventory second edition (BDⅠ-Ⅱ) and visual analog scale (VAS) were used to assess patients' symptoms and overall condition. The data was statistically managed and compared by χ2 test, independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Logistic regression. Results:The prevalence of sleep disorders in pSS patients was 42.0%(42/100). The prevalence of sleep disturbance in pSS patients without depression was 28.8%(17/59). The EQ-5D[0.66(0.59, 0.76)] and Eur-opean league against rheumatism Sj?gren's syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI) scores [1.0(0.0, 3.0)] were lower in patients in the sleep-disordered group than in those [0.76(0.71, 1.20) and 2.5(1.0, 4.0)] who slept well [ Z=3.07, P=0.012; Z=3.18, P=0.011], respectively. The European league against rheumatism Sj?gren's syndrome patients report index (ESSPRI) scores [6.2(4.8, 7.9)], VAS levels in overall dry eyes [60.0(21.4, 82.1)], anxiety [11.0(2.9, 43.0)], overall physician global assessment (PGA) [46.0(18.0, 65.0)], fatigue severity scale (FSS) [4.34(3.01, 5.61)], and BDⅠ-Ⅱ [15.1(7.3, 22.4)] in patients with sleep disorder were higher than those [4.1(2.8, 5.3), 40.0(7.0, 70.3), 2.3(0.0, 18.0), 11.0(0.0, 52.0), 2.45(1.65, 4.40), and 7.4(4.3, 12.8)] of the normal sleep group [ Z=2.03, P=0.043; Z=2.04, P=0.042; Z=2.19, P=0.031; Z=3.00, P=0.015; Z=3.43, P=0.001; Z=3.12, P=0.003]. The sleep-disordered group had higher levels of lymphocyte count (2.0±1.5)×10 9/L and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (46±20) mm/1 h respectively when compared with (1.4±1.3)×10 9/L and (38±17) mm/1 h in the good sleep group ( t=2.00, P=0.048; t=2.04, P=0.044). PSQI scores were negatively correlated with immunoglobulin (Ig)G ( r=-0.20, P=0.012) and ESSDAI ( r=-0.26, P=0.004), while positively correlated with FSS( r=0.38, P=0.001), BDⅠ~Ⅱ ( r=0.47, P=0.014), ESSPRI ( r=0.46, P=0.001), white blood cell count ( r=0.28, P=0.013) or neutrophil count ( r=0.26, P=0.009). The results of multifactorial analysis suggested that leukocytopenia [ OR(95% CI)=0.245(0.065, 0.692), P=0.005] was one of the risk factors for sleep disorders. Conclusion:Sleep disorders in pSS patients affects the patients' disease prognosis and activity index by affecting the patients' somatic symptoms, psychological profile and immune function. Active clinical multidis-ciplinary interventions for pSS patients are necessary, not only for better assisting physicians in the manage-ment of chronic diseases, but also for better help patients recovery of their physical and mental health.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1346-1349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955663

ABSTRACT

Traditional thoracic surgery teaching has many problems, such as limited classroom teaching time allocation, many diseases and difficult to fully cover classroom teaching, uneven practical teaching level, and difficulty in updating "big textbooks". The Department of Thoracic Surgery of The Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University has gradually applied microlecture to all levels of thoracic surgery teaching, such as undergraduate auxiliary classroom teaching and clinical skills training, grassroots and refresher doctor training, postgraduate education, etc., and has achieved good results of teaching effect.

7.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 56-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928199

ABSTRACT

There are two modes to display panoramic movies in virtual reality (VR) environment: non-stereoscopic mode (2D) and stereoscopic mode (3D). It has not been fully studied whether there are differences in the activation effect between these two continuous display modes on emotional arousal and what characteristics of the related neural activity are. In this paper, we designed a cognitive psychology experiment in order to compare the effects of VR-2D and VR-3D on emotional arousal by analyzing synchronously collected scalp electroencephalogram signals. We used support vector machine (SVM) to verify the neurophysiological differences between the two modes in VR environment. The results showed that compared with VR-2D films, VR-3D films evoked significantly higher electroencephalogram (EEG) power (mainly reflected in α and β activities). The significantly improved β wave power in VR-3D mode showed that 3D vision brought more intense cortical activity, which might lead to higher arousal. At the same time, the more intense α activity in the occipital region of the brain also suggested that VR-3D films might cause higher visual fatigue. By the means of neurocinematics, this paper demonstrates that EEG activity can well reflect the effects of different vision modes on the characteristics of the viewers' neural activities. The current study provides theoretical support not only for the future exploration of the image language under the VR perspective, but for future VR film shooting methods and human emotion research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arousal , Electroencephalography , Emotions/physiology , Motion Pictures , Virtual Reality
8.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 881-899, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922771

ABSTRACT

The current study was designed to explore the brain protection mechanism of Xinglou Chengqi Decoction (XCD) based on gut microbiota analysis and network pharmacology. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of mice was established, followed by behavioral evaluation, TTC and TUNEL staining. Additionally, to investigate the effects of gut microbiota on neurological function after stroke, C57BL/6 mice were treated with anti-biotic cocktails 14 days prior to ischemic stroke (IS) to deplete the gut microbiota. High-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing, metabonomics technique, and flow multifactor technology were used to analyze bacterial communities, SCFAs and inflammatory cytokines respectively. Finally, as a supplement, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to fully explore the multicomponent-multitarget-multichannel mechanism of XCD in treating IS, implicated in ADME screening, target identification, network analysis, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analysis. We found that XCD effectively improved neurological function, relieved cerebral infarction and decreased the neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, XCD promoted the release of anti-inflammatory factor like IL-10, while down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL-22. Furthermore, XCD significantly increased the levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyric acid. The mechanism might be related to the regulation of SCFAs-producing bacteria like Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and bacteria that regulate inflammation like Paraprevotella, Roseburia, Streptophyta and Enterococcu. Finally, in the network pharmacological analysis, 51 active compounds in XCD and 44 intersection targets of IS and XCD were selected. As a validation, components in XCD docked well with key targets. It was obviously that biological processes were mainly involved in the regulation of apoptotic process, inflammatory response, response to fatty acid, and regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier in GO enrichment. XCD can improve neurological function in experimental stroke mice, partly due to the regulation of gut microbiota. Besises, XCD has the characteristic of "multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" in the treatment of IS revealed by network pharmacology and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Stroke/drug therapy
9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 682-688, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861638

ABSTRACT

Pyroptosis is a form of programmed cell death, and can be mediated by caspase-1, caspase-3, caspase-4, caspase-5, caspase-8, and caspase-11. It is primarily induced through two pathways in which inflammasomes play an important role: the canonical and non-canonical pathways. Gasdermin D is a critical substrate for pyroptosis. Following enzymatic cleavage, gasdermin D releases N-terminal fragments that generate pores on the plasma membrane. This causes osmotic lysis and ultimately, the release of cytosolic content which consequently induces inflammatory responses. Various intermediaries of the pyroptotic cell death pathways are involved in cancer initiation, invasion and metastasis; hence, the research on pyroptosis exploits a new field of cancer treatment. In this review, we summarize the recent progresses in research focused on elucidating the molecular mechanism of pyroptosis, discovering the effects of pyroptotic-related molecules on the initiation and progression of cancer, and the applications and prospects of targeting pyroptosis for cancer treatments based specifically on the development of chemotherapy drugs.

10.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 345-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of acupoints, cone numbers and durations of moxibustion with different moxibustion methods on skin surface and inside temperature, and to provide references for the clinical standardization of moxibustion amount. Methods: The 42 big-ear white rabbits were divided into 6 groups according to the random number table method, a 1-cone direct moxibustion group, a 2-cone direct moxibustion group, a 3-cone direct moxibustion group, a 1-cone herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group, a 2-cone herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group, and a 3-cone herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group, with 7 rabbits in each group. Shenque (CV 8), Shenshu (BL 23) and Zusanli (ST 36) were used in each group, but the moxibustion methods, cone numbers and durations of moxibustion were different. Rabbits in each group received moxibustion once every other day for 5 times in total. During the intervention, a thermoelectricity coupled probe and a temperature recorder were used to record the real-time acupoint skin temperature and the temperature at different time points, so as to observe, analyze and process the real-time changes in the temperature difference between the surface and inside of acupoint skin. Results: For herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion, the best temperature for cone changing was (46.38±0.51) ℃ when the highest surface temperature was (49.20±0.52) ℃; the multi-factor comparison of acupoint × cone number × time and acupoint × moxibustion method × time showed that time × acupoint, time × moxibustion method and cone number × acupoint had interactive effects (all P<0.05). Comparing skin temperature differences between different cone numbers at the same acupoint, Shenque (CV 8) on the 1st and the 5th days, Shenshu (BL 23) on the 3rd and the 7th days, Zusanli (ST 36) on the 1st and the 9th days of experiment showed statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The skin temperature comparison of different moxibustion methods at the same acupoint all had statistical differences (all P<0.05), except for Shenque (CV 8) before moxibustion, Shenshu (BL 23) before moxibustion and on the 5th day; Zusanli (ST 36) only showed statistical differences on the 5th and 7th days (both P<0.05). The skin temperature differences of different acupoints after moxibustion in the 1-cone, 2-cone and 3-cone groups were statistically different (all P<0.05); direct moxibustion and herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion at different acupoints were all statistically different (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Cone changing temperature under the same specifications of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion was confirmed. Temperature difference between surface and inside of different acupoint skin at the same maximum temperature was significantly different due to the cone numbers and moxibustion methods, which showed the highest at Shenshu (BL 23), the second at Shenque (CV 8), and the lowest at Zusanli (ST 36). The influence of acupoint factor should be considered to determine the quantitative indicators of moxibustion.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 514-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912791

ABSTRACT

The construction of safe hospital is the foundation of high-quality development of the hospital, and innovation provides power for the construction of safe hospital from the perspective of high-quality development. Taking Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital as an example, the authors introduced the innovation construction path of safe hospital in detail, and put forward the construction strategy of safe hospital with " two hearts" (patient-centered, employee-centered)and " four wings" (multimedia doctor-patient communication, Wulin aunt medical studio, integrated operation safety inspection, third-party medical liability insurance). Through the combination of basic safety management and innovative practice, the hospital vigorously promoted the culture of " two hearts" , and established an efficient collaborative information management system, so as to form replicable and promotable practical experience and promote the development of safe hospital.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 127-129, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912706

ABSTRACT

The existing doctor-patient communication pattern often falls prey to insufficient informed consent and even medical disputes. In the patient centered perspective, Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital explored a new communication mode centering on patients. Based on diagnosis-related groups catalogues and high-frequency surgeries catalogues of the departments, multimedia technology was called into play to produce dubbed PPTs and videos that were easy to understand, standardized and homogeneous, which were embedded into medical records system. Following observation of the PPT or video, patients could directly sign an informed consent on the computer. This practice not only deepens patient′s understanding and achieves homogeneous level of the communication, but also elevates doctor′s work efficiency, contributing to building a harmonious doctor-patient relationship.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 920-922, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908454

ABSTRACT

Gallbladder-duodenal fistula is a rare disease in clinical practice, and difficult to diagnosis. One patient with high suspicion of gallbladder-duodenal fistula in preoperative examination was performed with percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage due to could not tolerate surgical operation, and gallbladder-duodenal fistula was diagnosed with the gastric and intestinal fluids extracted from the drainage tube. In the later of fistula repair and the patient′s nutritional support management, the jejunal nutrition tube is inserted through the bile duct, and then the nutrition support was performed through this jejunal nutrition tube. This patients was recovered well.

14.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 157-162,167, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907409

ABSTRACT

Virtual reality (VR) is a three-dimensional virtual technology which generates virtual world by computer simulation. VR provides users with the simulation of visual, auditory and tactile senses, so that users can observe things in the virtual space as in the real world. Electroencephalogram(EEG) is the direct reflection of the activation of neurons in the cerebral cortex. The combination of VR and EEG has become an important method of brain science research. However, the existing research lacks a systematic arrangement of combination of VR and EEG. In this paper, the related research of VR combined with EEG in the past 20 years were summarized, the corresponding experimental paradigm, research methods and results were introduced, and finally the future research directions of the combination of VR and EEG were prospected.

15.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 454-464, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887716

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was performed to compare the genetic diversity, virulence, and antimicrobial resistance of @*Methods@#A total of 38 clinical strains and 19 strains from healthy individuals were isolated from the samples collected in Ma'anshan City, Anhui Province. Their taxonomy was investigated using concatenated @*Results@#The 57 @*Conclusions@#The taxonomy, virulence properties, and antibiotic resistance of


Subject(s)
Humans , Aeromonas/pathogenicity , Case-Control Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Genetic Variation , Virulence Factors/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 124-127, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884626

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the atypical manifestations and treatment strategies of serous microcystic neoplasm of the pancreas.Methods:Review the case data of 11 cases of pancreatic serous microcystic adenoma with atypical preoperative clinical imaging findings admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from July 2008 to October 2019, and summarize their clinical manifestations, CT/MRI features, and preoperative clinical diagnosis, surgical methods, postoperative conditions.Results:The median age of the 11 patients was 50 (46-66) years old, 7 females, and 4 males. There were 8 cases with back pain and 6 cases with weight loss. The preoperative imaging examination found that the lesion was located in the head and neck in 8 cases, with pancreaticobiliary duct dilatation in 7 cases, suspected vascular invasion in 3 cases, and pancreatic parenchymal atrophy in 2 cases, 3 cases showed rich blood supply and solid space, and 2 cases were connected to the pancreatic duct. Preoperative diagnosis of pancreatic malignant tumors accounted for 4 cases, neuroendocrine tumors in 3 cases, solid pseudopapillary tumors in 3 cases, and intraductal papillary mucinous tumors in 1 case. All patients underwent surgical treatment, 3 cases of distal pancreatectomy (2 cases of using Kimura method to protect the spleen), 3 cases of pancreaticoduodenectomy, 1 case of total pancreatectomy, 2 cases of pancreatic head resection with duodenum preservation, 2 cases of local resection. All patients had no early postoperative deaths. There were 2 cases of grade B pancreatic fistula, 2 cases of biochemical leakage, 1 case of postoperative abdominal hemorrhage, and 2 cases of delayed gastric emptying, all of which were cured after active treatment. The median postoperative hospital stay was 18 (7-63) days.Conclusions:Pancreatic serous microcystic neoplasm could be accompanied by atypical features such as pancreatic/bile duct dilation, parenchyma atrophy, or even present vessel invasion. Understanding the atypical clinic and image features would help improving differential diagnosis and treatment. For those with invasive features, surgical exploration should be recommended.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 24-27, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882431

ABSTRACT

The rapid development of minimally invasive surgery in thoracic surgery has significant advantages over traditional surgery.At the same time, problems such as the difficulty in obtaining specimens from small incisions and the increase in operating costs due to special medical consumables have also emerged. Therefore, how to remove surgical specimens safely, efficiently and cost-effectively is an important issue faced by thoracic surgeons during surgery. Operating room sterile gloves are often used as specimen collection bags and widely used in thoracic surgery and many other departments because of their easy availability, low cost, and good flexibility. At present, most of the glove specimen collection bags are based on sterile gloves, and various manufacturing methods have evolved by the combination with instruments and sutures.This article will briefly review the application of various forms of glove specimen retrieval bags in thoracoscopic surgery reported in existing research, analyze their advantages, disadvantages and scope of application, so as to provide references for future clinical applications and technological innovation researches.

18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 323-329, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the trends in characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients in tertiary Chinese medicine (CM) hospitals in China between 2006 and 2013.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was based on two nationwide epidemiological surveys of AMI in tertiary CM hospitals during 2 years (2006 and 2013). Patients admitted to the hospital for AMI were enrolled. Hospital records were used as the data source. Case data were derived regarding baseline characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of patients to assess changes from 2006 to 2013. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between prognosis, general influencing factors of disease, and various treatment measures.@*RESULTS@#Totally 26 tertiary CM hospitals in 2006 and 29 tertiary CM hospitals in 2013 (18 were repetitive) were surveyed. A total of 2,311 patients with AMI were enrolled (1,094 cases in 2006 and 1,217 cases in 2013). From 2006 to 2013, the mean age did not significantly change, but the proportion of patients younger than 65 years increased. The prevalence of risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia also increased. Significant increases were observed in primary percutaneous coronary intervention [20.48% (2006) vs. 24.90% (2013)] and revascularization [36.11% (2006) vs. 52.42% (2013)]. In-hospital mortality decreased from 11.15% in 2006 to 10.60% in 2013. A mortality logistic regression analysis identified reperfusion therapy [odds ratio (OR), 0.222; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.106-0.464], Chinese patent medicines (OR, 0.394; 95% CI, 0.213-0.727), and CM decoctions (OR, 0.196; 95% CI, 0.109-0.353) as protective factors.@*CONCLUSION@#Reperfusion and revascularization capabilities of tertiary CM hospitals have improved significantly, but in-hospital mortality has not significantly decreased. Efforts are needed to improve medical awareness of AMI and expand the use of CM to reduce in-hospital mortality in China.

19.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 690-697, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922242

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the extensive development of minimally invasive surgery for pulmonary nodules, preoperative localization becomes more and more critical. There are some defects in traditional localization methods, so it is necessary to improve. The aim of this study was to compare and analyze the safety and effectiveness of two new methods, namely four-hook needle and memory alloy coil, in the localization of pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 152 patients was performed. 76 cases were in four-hook needle group, and 76 cases were in memory alloy coil group. Pulmonary nodules were located before operation, and then video-assisted wedge resection was performed. The average procedure time, localization complications and nodule resection time were counted.@*RESULTS@#The target pulmonary nodules were successfully removed in both groups. In four-hook needle group, 76 patients found localization devices, all the pulmonary nodules were successfully removed, and one case was transferred to open the chest for wedge resection of pulmonary nodules due to severe thoracic adhesion. All 76 patients in memory alloy coil group were successfully resected with pulmonary nodules, and one patient underwent compromising enlarged resection because no lesion was found after the specimen was removed during the operation. There was no significant difference in the incidence of pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage, the success rate of localization and nodule wedge resection time between the two groups. The average time of localization in four-hook needle group was (13.66±3.11) min, lower than that of memory alloy coil group (15.51±3.65) min, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.001). In memory alloy coil group, when the distance from the nodule to the pleura was ≥1.5 cm and <1.5 cm, the average localization time was (17.20±4.46) min and (14.91±3.15) min, respectively, and there was a statistical difference between the two distance (P=0.044).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Four-hook needle and memory alloy coil have good safety and effectiveness, and the localization time of four-hook needle is shorter. When using memory alloy coil, the effect of the method is better for pulmonary nodules with a distance less than 1.5 cm to pleura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alloys , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 940-947, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880735

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The proportion of recurrences after discharge among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was reported to be between 9.1% and 31.0%. Little is known about this issue, however, so we performed a meta-analysis to summarize the demographical, clinical, and laboratorial characteristics of non-recurrence and recurrence groups.@*METHODS@#Comprehensive searches were conducted using eight electronic databases. Data regarding the demographic, clinical, and laboratorial characteristics of both recurrence and non-recurrence groups were extracted, and quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted.@*RESULTS@#Ten studies involving 2071 COVID-19 cases were included in this analysis. The proportion of recurrence cases involving patients with COVID-19 was 17.65% (between 12.38% and 25.16%) while older patients were more likely to experience recurrence (weighted mean difference (WMD)=1.67, range between 0.08 and 3.26). The time from discharge to recurrence was 13.38 d (between 12.08 and 14.69 d). Patients were categorized as having moderate severity (odds ratio (OR)=2.69, range between 1.30 and 5.58), while those with clinical symptoms including cough (OR=5.52, range between 3.18 and 9.60), sputum production (OR=5.10, range between 2.60 and 9.97), headache (OR=3.57, range between 1.36 and 9.35), and dizziness (OR=3.17, range between 1.12 and 8.96) were more likely to be associated with recurrence. Patients presenting with bilateral pulmonary infiltration and decreased leucocyte, platelet, and CD4@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main factors associated with the recurrence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) after hospital discharge were older age, moderate severity, bilateral pulmonary infiltration, laboratory findings including decreased leucocytes, platelets, and CD4


Subject(s)
Humans , Age Factors , Blood Cell Count , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , COVID-19/pathology , Cough , Dizziness , Headache , Patient Discharge , Recurrence , Risk Factors
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