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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 633-641, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984696

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between epicardial fat volume (EFV) and obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) with myocardial ischemia, and evaluate the incremental value of EFV on top of traditional risk factors and coronary artery calcium (CAC) in predicting obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. Methods: This study was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Patients with suspected CAD who underwent coronary angiography (CAG) and single photon emission computerized tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from March 2018 to November 2019 were consecutively enrolled. EFV and CAC were measured by non-contrast chest computed tomography (CT) scan. Obstructive CAD was defined as coronary artery stenosis≥50% in at least one of the major epicardial coronary arteries, and myocardial ischemia was defined as reversible perfusion defects in stress and rest MPI. Obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia was defined in patients with coronary stenosis severity≥50% and reversible perfusion defects in the corresponding areas of SPECT-MPI. Patients with myocardial ischemia bot without obstructive CAD were defined as none-obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group. We collected and compared the general clinical data, CAC and EFV between the two groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the relationship between EFV and obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. ROC curves were performed to determine whether addition of EFV improved predictive value beyond traditional risk factors and CAC for obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. Results: Among the 164 patients with suspected CAD, 111 patients were males, and average age was (61.4±9.9) years old. 62 (37.8%) patients were included into the obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group. 102 (62.2%) patients were included into the none-obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group. EFV was significantly higher in obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group than in none-obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group ((135.63±33.29)cm3 and (105.18±31.16)cm3, P<0.01). Univariate regression analysis showed the risk of obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia increased by 1.96 times for each SD increase in EFV(OR 2.96; 95%CI, 1.89-4.62; P<0.01). After adjustment for traditional risk factors and CAC, EFV remained as an independent predictor for obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia (OR, 4.48, 95%CI, 2.17-9.23; P<0.01). Addition of EFV to CAC and traditional risk factors was related to larger AUC for predicting obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia (0.90 vs. 0.85, P=0.04, 95%CI: 0.85-0.95) and the global chi-square increased by 21.81 (P<0.05). Conclusions: EFV is an independent predictor for obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. Addition of EFV to traditional risk factors and CAC has incremental value for predicting obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Stenosis , Calcium
2.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 40-44, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984178

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a rapid and nondestructive identification method for human body fluid stains and non-biological stains using three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy.@*METHODS@#The collected three-dimensional fluorescence spectrum data of human saliva, 3% blood, coffee and Fanta® stains were processed with dimensionality reduction. After wavelet transform, spectral denoising and feature extraction, the classification formula was established. The Fisher discriminant was used for spectrum matching and recognition to establish the analysis method to distinguish stain types.@*RESULTS@#According to the results of data training and comparison, all the recognition accuracies of Fanta®, coffee, saliva and blood were more than 91.39%. Among them, saliva reached 100% recognition accuracy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy is a potential method for rapid and nondestructive identification of biological and non-biological stains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Medicine/methods , Coloring Agents/analysis , Coffee , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Body Fluids/chemistry
3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 73-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991126

ABSTRACT

L-theanine has been shown to have a therapeutic effect on depression.However,whether L-theanine has an excellent preventive effect on depression in children and adolescents and what its mechanism is have not been well explained.Given the complexity of the pathogenesis of depression,this study investigated the preventive effect and mechanism of L-theanine on depression in juvenile rats by combining serum and hippocampal metabolomic strategies.Behavioral tests,hippocampal tissue sections,and serum and hippocampal biochemical indexes were studied,and the results confirmed the preventive effect of L-theanine.Untargeted reversed-phase liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spec-trometry and targeted hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spec-trometry were developed to analyze the metabolism changes in the serum and hippocampus to screen for potential biomarkers related to L-theanine treatment.The results suggested that 28 abnormal me-tabolites in the serum and hippocampus that were considered as potential biomarkers returned to near-normal levels after L-theanine administration.These biomarkers were involved in various metabolic pathways,mainly including amino acid metabolism and lipid metabolism.The levels of amino acids and neurotransmitters in the phenylalanine,tryptophan,and glutamic acid pathways were significantly reduced after L-theanine administration compared with chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced rats.In summary,L-theanine had a significant preventive effect on depression and achieved its preventive results on depression by regulating various aspects of the body,such as amino acids,lipids,and inflammation.This research systematically analyzed the mechanism of L-theanine in preventing depression and laid the foundation for applying L-theanine to prevent depression in children and adolescents.

4.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1174-1179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003796

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal antibody drugs that inhibit programmed death 1 (PD-1) or programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) have been widely used in esophageal cancer (EC) and yielded significant therapeutic responses. However, only a few patients obtain lasting clinical benefits due to primary or acquired drug resistance, and new treatment schemes are urgently needed. The tumor immune microenvironment is the main factor that affects patients' response to immunosuppressive agents. This article will discuss the role of immunosuppressive cells and non-cellular components in the immune process to provide ideas for the next research direction of EC.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 550-555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003562

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the pulmonary perfusion defect index (PPDI) of dual-energy computed tomography (CT) and pulmonary artery obstruction index (PAOI) of conventional CT angiography, and to investigate the clinical application value of dual-energy CT perfusion imaging in the examination of patients with acute pulmonary embolism. Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 21 patients diagnosed with acute pulmonary embolism in Weifang People's Hospital from January 1, 2022 to December 31, 2022. PPDI, PAOI, and maximum plasma D-dimer concentration (mg/L) were calculated. According to the 2019 ESC Guidelines, the patients were divided into low-risk group (n = 8) and medium-risk group (n = 12). The Mann-Whitney U test was used for between-group comparisons. The Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlations between PAOI, PPDI, and plasma D-dimer concentration. Results The PPDI, PAOI, and D-dimer values in the low-risk group were 3.33 (2.09, 4.58), 5.00 (3.13, 5.00), and 0.67 (0.52, 0.79), respectively. The PPDI, PAOI, and D-dimer values in the middle-risk group were 8.34 (5.42, 12.50), 12.50 (8.13, 15.00), and 1.18 (0.86, 2.87), respectively. The Z-values of comparison between the two groups were −3.092, −3.650, and −3.318, respectively (all P < 0.05). There were significant differences in PPDI, PAOI, and D-dimer between the low-risk and middle-risk groups (P < 0.05). Positive correlations were observed between PPDI and PAOI, between PPDI and D-dimer, and between PAOI and D-dimer (rs = 0.869, 0.918, 0.909, all P < 0.05). Conclusion Both PPDI and PAOI can be used for the clinical examination of patients with acute pulmonary embolism and evaluation of the severity of the disease. Compared with conventional CT, dual-energy CT perfusion imaging is more efficient in the diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism, and facilitates accurate clinical treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 82-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of perioperative application of hydroxychloroquine on the prognosis of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.Methods:All SLE patients in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University who took hydroxychloroquine and glucocorticoid for more than 7 days before operation were enrolled in the observation group(28 cases), including 3 males and 25 females, aged(38.3±8.2)years old. Patients who did not use hydroxychloroquine but only used glucocorticoid before operation were included in the control group(24 cases), including 2 males and 22 females, aged(37.9 ±9.8)years old. There was no significant difference in preoperative clinical data between the two groups in terms of sex, age, BMI, course of systemic lupus erythematosus, hemoglobin, albumin, C-reactive protein, ALT, serum creatinine, ejection fraction, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, alcoholism, preoperative atrial arrhythmia, ventricular arrhythmia, atrioventricular block and so on. The constituent ratio of preoperative operation plan was basically the same between the two groups. The postoperative complications and survival of the two groups were compared.Results:There was no significant difference in early clinical indexes between the two groups, such as cardiopulmonary bypass time( t=0.12, P=0.19), chest drainage volume( t=0.30, P=0.77), second thoracotomy hemostasis( χ2=1.17, P=0.46). There was no significant difference in drug-related complications such as new retinopathy, myocardial concentric hypertrophy, atrial arrhythmia( χ2=1.27, P=0.26), ventricular arrhythmia( χ2=0.98, P=0.32), atrioventricular block( χ2=0.06, P=0.82) and other drug-related complications between the observation group and the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in postoperative acute heart failure( χ2=1.17, P=0.28), acute liver insufficiency( χ2=1.17, P=0.28), sternal infection and IABP use( χ2=0.47, P=0.50). Compared with the control group, the incidence of acute renal insufficiency after operation was lower in the observation group( χ2=4.51, P=0.04). The incidence of new postoperative pneumonia was lower( χ2=8.26, P=0.01). The length of postoperative antibiotic use, the length of postoperative ICU hospital stay, the postoperative hospital stay and the total cost of hospitalization in the observation group were significantly less than those in the control group( z=2.71, 2.09, 2.02, 2.02, P=0.01, 0.04, 0.04, 0.04). Compared with the control group, the in-hospital mortality rate of patients in the observation group was lower than that in the control group(3.6% vs. 12.5%, χ2=0.47, P=0.50), and the 6-month and 1-year survival rates of the observation group were higher than those of the control group(92.9% vs.83.3%, 92.9% vs.79.2%; χ2=0.41, 2.17; P=0.53, 0.34), but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion:Perioperative administration of hydroxychloroquine can significantly reduce the incidence of postoperative acute renal insufficiency and pneumonia, reduce the duration of postoperative antibiotic use, postoperative ICU hospital stay, postoperative hospital stay, and the cost of hospitalization. Hydroxychloroquine may reduce the in-hospital mortality and improve the long-term survival rate after cardiac surgery, but long-term large sample clinical studies are still needed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 621-624, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994369

ABSTRACT

To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and management of pancreatic glucagonoma, a retrospective analysis of the clinical data and diagnostic algorithm of a patient with pancreatic glucagonoma was conducted, along with literature review. Pancreatic glucagonoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor that originates from the pancreatic alpha cells. The main manifestations of glucagonoma syndrome(GS) include necrolytic migratory erythema, diabetes, anemia, and other systemic involvement. Early diagnosis of GS is challenging and crucial. Early identification and recognition of skin lesions contribute to timely diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Surgical resection is an effective treatment modality for glucagonoma.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 794-798, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of trimethylamine N-oxide(TMAO)on the development of early neurological deterioration(END)in diabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:In this cross-sectional study, 108 type 2 diabetes patients with acute ischemic stroke treated at the Department of Neurology in the Affiliated Wuxi People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between October 2019 and November 2020 were consecutively recruited.END was defined as an increase in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS)≥ 2 points and exclusion of intracranial hemorrhage or bleeding transformation in cranial imaging evaluation within 5 days of initial deterioration of neurological dysfunction.The patients were divided into 2 groups, an END(n=36)group and a non-END group(n=72). Fasting plasma TMAO was measured using isotope dilution liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry.Results:Of the 108 patients, 36(33.3%)were diagnosed with END, and their plasma TMAO levels were significantly higher compared with patients without END( Z=-3.500, P<0.001). For prediction of END, the area under the ROC curve for plasma TMAO levels was 0.707(95% CI: 0.603-0.811, P<0.001). The frequencies of END in subjects grouped via tertiles of TMAO were 22.2%, 19.4% and 58.3%, respectively, with significant differences between the 3 groups( χ2=14.979, P=0.001). Univariate analysis showed that elevated TMAO( OR=1.160, 95% CI: 1.050-1.282, P=0.004)was associated with END.A multivariate logistic regression model further confirmed the association between TMAO and END( OR=1.145, 95% CI: 1.033-1.269, P=0.010). Conclusions:Increased plasma TMAO levels are associated with END in diabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 486-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of different scattering correction algorithms in the reconstruction of PET/CT images on image artifacts and the precision of quantitative parameters.Methods:The phantom as described in the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU2 standard was filled with 18F. The background activity was fixed, and the activity of the solution in the spheres was adjusted to obtain several configurations, including the normal ratio group (4.08∶1) and the extreme ratio group (200∶1). The surface contamination group with the same ratio as the extreme ratio group contained a small radioactive source with different doses of 18F (74, 37, 3.7 and 0.37 MBq) placed at the surface of the phantom. PET/CT images of 30 patients (21 males, 9 females, age: (44.5±10.2) years) from Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute between July 2012 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 10 with normal images ( 18F-FDG) and 20 with abnormal images (10 with dislocation during acquisition, 10 with surface contamination). The images were reconstructed with relative and absolute scattering correction. The phantom was evaluated using the target to background ratio (TBR) and the artifact classification. CV as well as the artifact classification were used to compare the clinical image quality. Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test were used to analyze data. Results:In the normal ratio group and the extreme ratio group, the TBRs of phantom images reconstructed with relative correction were significantly higher than those with absolute correction (normal ratio group: 3.30(1.94, 4.53) vs 2.72(1.56, 3.56); z=-2.20, P=0.028; extreme ratio group: 105.47(45.62, 162.82) vs 101.36(43.96, 155.57); z=-1.99, P=0.046). In the surface contamination group, with the increase of the activity of the small source, the artifact became more obvious, and the artifact classification score of absolute correction was significantly better than that of relative correction (1.5(1.0, 2.0) vs 2.5(2.0, 3.0); z=-2.00, P=0.046). In the 10 normal 18F-FDG PET/CT patients, the CVliver of the relative correction (9.67%(8.00%, 11.00%)) was significantly lower than that of absolute correction (11.00%(9.00%, 12.00%); z=-2.57, P=0.010), indicating the higher image quality of images with relative correction. In abnormal images, the image quality of absolute correction was significantly higher than that of relative correction with fewer and less severe artifacts (dislocation cases: 9/10 vs 4/10; χ2=5.50, P=0.019; surface contamination cases: 9/10 vs 4/10; χ2=5.50, P=0.019). Conclusions:The relative scattering correction is suitable for normal situations in clinical PET acquisition. However, with dislocation or surface contamination, the absolute scattering correction helps to reduce the artifacts and improve the image quality.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 459-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993618

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application of 68Ga-cyclo( L-arginylglycyl- L-α-aspartyl- D-tyrosyl-N6-(((4, 7-bis(carboxymethyl)-1, 4, 7-triazonan-1-yl)acetyl))- L-lysyl) (NODAGA-RGD) PET/CT to evaluate short-term efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in distant metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer (dmDTC). Methods:From October 2019 to March 2023, 13 dmDTC patients (5 males, 8 females; age: 68(65, 69) years) from Nanjing First Hospital were retrospectively enrolled, of which 9 were clinically confirmed as radioactive iodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (RAIR-DTC) and 4 were dmDTC without radioactive iodine treatment. All patients underwent 68Ga-NODAGA-RGD PET/CT to assess neovascularization of the target lesions (TL), and the SUV max and target background ratio (T/B) were recorded. After 3 months of TKI treatment (anrotinib ( n=9) or apatinib ( n=4)), change rates of the maximum diameter of TL and thyroglobulin (Tg) were measured. The correlation of SUV max, T/B and the change rate of the maximum diameter of TL were analyzed by Spearman rank correlation analysis. ROC curve analysis was performed for the effectiveness of the T/B and TKI therapy, and the difference of the remission rate of lesions was analyzed by Fisher exact test. Results:In 13 patients, 36 TL were measured by 68Ga-NODAGA-RGD PET/CT with SUV max of 5.44(3.43, 7.56) and T/B of 5.25(4.50, 7.23). The change rate of the maximum diameter of TL was -30%(-39%, -21%) and the change rate of Tg was -68%(-96%, -52%). T/B was negatively correlated with the change rate of the maximum diameter of TL after TKI therapy ( rs=-0.46, P=0.005), while SUV max was not correlated with the change rate of the maximum diameter of TL ( rs=0.03, P=0.883). ROC curve analysis showed that the optimal cut-off value for T/B was 4.95, with the AUC of 0.698, the sensitivity of 87.5%, and the specificity of 60.0%. Compared to lesions with T/B<4.95, those with T/B≥4.95 showed higher remission rate (2/14 vs 63.6%(14/22); P=0.006). After 3 months of TKI treatment, the disease control rate was 12/13. Conclusion:68Ga-NODAGA-RGD PET/CT can effectively reflect tumor neovascularization, predict efficacy of TKI therapy, and provide powerful imaging evidence for TKI therapy in dmDTC.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 226-229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To access the clinical value and related risk factors of aortic arch calcification (AoAC) in patients with renal secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) on CT during parathyroid SPECT/CT imaging.Methods:From January 2014 to May 2021, 136 renal SHPT patients (70 males, 66 females, age (50.1±11.4) years) who underwent parathyroid 99Tc m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) SPECT/CT in Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Nantong University were retrospectively enrolled. AoAC score was estimated with CT(1-5), and patients were divided into none-light AoAC group (AoAC score<3) and moderate-severe AoAC group (AoAC score≥3). Independent-sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare differences of various indicators between two groups. Univariate binary logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of AoAC. Results:Of 136 renal SHPT patients, 111(81.62%) were AoAC detected by CT. There were 84 patients in none-light AoAC group and 52 patients in moderate-severe AoAC group. The age ((46.7±9.8) vs (55.7±11.6) years; t=-4.84, P<0.001), pulse pressure (52(41, 64) vs 60(51, 70) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); z=-3.27, P=0.001), serum corrected calcium (2.41(2.28, 2.53) vs (2.49±0.22) mmol/L; z=-2.50, P=0.013), serum phosphorus ((1.95±0.39) vs (2.14±0.48) mmol/L; t=-2.54, P=0.012), calcium phosphorus product ((4.68±1.07) vs (5.29±1.10) mmol 2/L 2;t=-3.21, P=0.013) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) level (106.30(90.15, 127.45) vs 109.90(87.93, 157.63) pmol/L; z=-2.09, P=0.036) between non-light AoAC group and moderate-severe AoAC group were significantly different. Logistic regression analysis showed that serum phosphorus (odds ratio ( OR)=7.261, 95% CI: 2.416-21.819, P<0.001), calcium and phosphorus product ( OR=1.598, 95% CI: 1.073-2.380, P=0.021) and PTH level ( OR=1.018, 95% CI: 1.007-1.029, P=0.001) were independent risk factors of AoAC. Conclusions:Hybrid SPECT/CT can be used for an effective method of evaluating AoAC in patients with renal SHPT. High serum phosphorus, high calcium phosphorus product and high PTH level may be independent risk factors of AoAC.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 438-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the incidence and risk factors related to lumbodorsal fasciitis in acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods:The clinical data of 1182 acute OVCF hospitalized in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University between June 2016 and October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 219 males and 963 females, aged 72.19±9.39 years (range, 45-98 years). The demographics, comorbidity profile, spine trauma, back pain duration, and vertebral fracture number of the OVCF with or without lumbodorsal fasciitis were summarized and compared. The independent risk factors of lumbodorsal fasciitis were identified by binary logistic regression analysis.Results:There were 532 cases of OVCF complicated with lumbodorsal fasciitis among 1,182 patients, and the incidence was 45.01%. The OVCF with fasciitis had higher ratio of males (23.5%, 125/532) than the OVCF without (14.5%, 94/650) fasciitis (χ 2=15.82, P<0.001). The OVCF with fasciitis were aged 74.57±9.21 years and significantly older than the OVCF (aged 70.24±9.60 years) without fasciitis ( t=7.85, P<0.001). The highest proportion of patients with OVCF combined with fasciitis was ≥80 years old (36.1%, 192/532), while most (34.6%, 225/650) of the OVCF without fasciitis were aged 60-70 years (χ 2=56.27, P<0.001). The OVCF with fasciitis had higher ratio of no evident spine trauma (37.0%, 197/532) and multiple vertebral fractures involving ≥3 vertebra (10.5%, 56/532) than the OVCF without fasciitis [26.3% (171/650), 3.2% (21/650); χ 2=17.67, P<0.001; χ 2=40.63, P<0.001]. The ratio of pre-hospital back pain >4 weeks was higher in the OVCF with (20.7%, 110/532) than without (7.4%, 48/650) fasciitis (χ 2=62.46, P<0.001). The OVCF with fasciitis had higher comorbidity of hypertension (52.8%, 281/532), coronary heart disease (14.7%, 78/532), and cerebral infarction (24.8%, 132/532) than the OVCF without fasciitis [42.8% (278/650), 9.9% (64/650), 17.9% (116/650); χ 2=11.85, P<0.001; χ 2=6.42, P=0.011; χ 2=8.56, P=0.003]. The OVCF with fasciitis had higher ratio of two comorbidities (23.7%, 126/532) than the OVCF without fasciitis (16.1%, 105/650) (χ 2=21.15, P<0.001). Binary logistic regression analysis showed significantly higher risk of lumbodorsal fasciitis in males than in females ( OR=1.69, P=0.001), in age group 60-<70、70-<80 and ≥80 years than in <60 years ( OR=2.28, P=0.002; OR=2.64, P<0.001; OR=4.90, P<0.001), in back pain for 2-<4 weeks and >4 weeks than in ≤1 week ( OR=1.70, P=0.005; OR=3.81, P<0.001), and in multiple fractures involving 2 and ≥3 vertebra than in single vertebrae ( OR=1.75, P=0.003; OR=3.36, P<0.001). Conclusion:Up to 45% of acute OVCF have concurrent lumbodorsal fasciitis. Male, aged ≥60 years, pre-hospital back pain ≥2 weeks, and fractures in ≥2 vertebra are independent risk factors of lumbodorsal fasciitis in OVCF.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 172-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993425

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the anatomical distribution of and factors related to single-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods:The radiology and clinical data of 944 patients with single-segment OVCF hospitalized in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University between June 2016 and October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 175 males and 769 females, aged 72.1±9.6 years (range, 45-97 years). The anatomical distribution of OVCF was quantified. The demographics, comorbidity profile, spine trauma, back pain duration, vertebral compression degree, and bone mineral density of the OVCF patients in different anatomical segments were summarized and compared.Results:Of the 944 single-segment OVCF, 864 were located in the lower thoracic and lumbar spine that peaked at L 1 (Modal-1 group), and 80 were located in the middle and upper thoracic spine (Modal-2 group) that peaked at T 7, demonstrating an asymmetric bimodal distribution. The difference in the female/male ratio between the two groups was insignificant (χ 2=0.06, P=0.803). Patients in Modal-2 were aged 75.0±9.8 years and on average older than the patients (aged 71.8±9.6 years) in Modal-1 ( t=2.78, P=0.005). The female patients in Modal-2 (aged 75.0±9.6 years) were significantly older than that (aged 71.2±9.3 years) in Modal-1 ( t=3.17, P=0.002). The ratio of back pain duration for <1 week in Modal-2 (43.8%) was lower than that in Modal-1 (60.2%), and the ratio of back pain for 1-weeks (28.8%) was significantly higher than that (15.5%) in Modal-1 (χ 2=11.50, P=0.009). The most frequently reported spine traumas in Modal-2 (50.0%) were heavy lifting injury, lumbar sprain, and strenuous cough, which were significantly different from and less apparent than the fall on ground or crush injury to the spine (64.1%) in Modal-1 (χ 2=60.71, P<0.001). The anterior to posterior height ratio of the fractured vertebrae in Modal-2 was 0.78±0.13, 0.83±0.14, 0.84±0.13, and 0.78±0.18 in the OVCF patients complaining of back pain for <1 week, 1-weeks, 2-weeks, and >4 weeks respectively, showing no significant difference between groups ( F=1.01, P=0.009). In Modal-1, the anterior to posterior height ratio of the fractured vertebrae was lower in the OVCF patients complaining of back pain for 2-weeks (0.80±0.15) and >4 weeks (0.77±0.19) than in those with back pain for <1 week (0.85±0.11) and 1-weeks (0.86±0.14), with sinificant differences ( P<0.05). 32.4% (306/944) of the OVCF patients had one of the following geriatric comorbidities: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, cerebral infarction, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The OVCF patients in Model-2 had higher comorbidity of coronary heart disease (21.3%) and cerebral infarction (36.3%) than those in Model-1 (11.6% and 20.3%). Bone mineral density information was available from 371 patients (308 females). In the age groups of <70, 70-, and >80 years, no significant difference was detected in the T-score values of the lumbar spine or hip joint between the OVCF patients in Model-1 and Model-2 ( F=0.13, P=0.880; F=0.62, P=0.538). Conclusion:Single-segment OVCF feature an asymmetric bimodal distribution that is demarcated by the T 10 vertebrae. The distribution pattern is not determined by gender or baseline bone mineral density but highlights the risk of mechanical stress and vertebral fragility within a specific segment. OVCF in the middle and upper thoracic spine is less frequent but common in older patients with higher comorbidity of coronary heart disease and cerebral infarction, which tend to be caused by less apparent spine trauma and maintain vertebral compression but complain of long back pain duration.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 375-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of postoperative recurrence of solid pseudopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas (SPN).Methods:Case-control studies on risk factors for postoperative recurrence in patients with SPN were conducted by searching in China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, PubMed, Web of Science and Embase database from inception of these databases to November 2022. Two investigators screened the collected literatures independently according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data and evaluated the methodological quality, and then used Review Manager 5.4 for statistical analysis, odds ratio ( OR) was calculated with 95% confidence interval ( CI). Results:A total of 14 articles were included, including 1 409 patients with 67 cases in recurrence group and 1 342 cases in non-recurrence group. Twelve risk factors with predictive value for postoperative recurrence of SPN were extracted from the literatures. The analysis showed that the pooled OR and 95% CI of each risk factor were: gender ( OR=0.75, 95% CI: 0.35-1.59, P=0.450), age( OR=-2.08, 95% CI: -5.24-1.08, P=0.200), tumor diameter( OR=5.29, 95% CI: 4.71-5.87, P<0.001), tumor location( OR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.28-1.13, P=0.100), synchronous metastasis( OR=86.84, 95% CI: 22.64-333.05, P<0.001), lymph node metastasis ( OR=7.55, 95% CI: 2.58-22.06, P<0.001), perineural invasion ( OR=2.10, 95% CI: 0.98-4.48, P=0.060), positive margin( OR=7.00, 95% CI: 2.56-19.15, P<0.001), calcification( OR=0.49, 95% CI: 0.11-2.23, P=0.360), lymphovascular invasion( OR=11.22, 95% CI: 4.81-26.18, P<0.001), peripancreatic soft tissue invasion( OR=1.38, 95% CI: 0.48-4.00, P=0.550), capsular invasion( OR=1.72, 95% CI: 0.53-5.65, P=0.370). Conclusion:Large tumor diameter, synchronous metastasis, lymph node metastasis, positive margin, lymphovascular invasion increase the risk of recurrence of pancreatic SPN after resection, and patients with these characteristics should receive long-term follow-up.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 974-985, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980853

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Progressive lipid loss of adipose tissue is a major feature of cancer-associated cachexia. In addition to systemic immune/inflammatory effects in response to tumor progression, tumor-secreted cachectic ligands also play essential roles in tumor-induced lipid loss. However, the mechanisms of tumor-adipose tissue interaction in lipid homeostasis are not fully understood.@*METHODS@#The yki -gut tumors were induced in fruit flies. Lipid metabolic assays were performed to investigate the lipolysis level of different types of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) treated cells. Immunoblotting was used to display phenotypes of tumor cells and adipocytes. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis was carried out to examine the gene expression levels such as Acc1 , Acly , and Fasn et al .@*RESULTS@#In this study, it was revealed that tumor-derived IGFBP-3 was an important ligand directly causing lipid loss in matured adipocytes. IGFBP-3, which is highly expressed in cachectic tumor cells, antagonized insulin/IGF-like signaling (IIS) and impaired the balance between lipolysis and lipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Conditioned medium from cachectic tumor cells, such as Capan-1 and C26 cells, contained excessive IGFBP-3 that potently induced lipolysis in adipocytes. Notably, neutralization of IGFBP-3 by neutralizing antibody in the conditioned medium of cachectic tumor cells significantly alleviated the lipolytic effect and restored lipid storage in adipocytes. Furthermore, cachectic tumor cells were resistant to IGFBP-3 inhibition of IIS, ensuring their escape from IGFBP-3-associated growth suppression. Finally, cachectic tumor-derived ImpL2, the IGFBP-3 homolog, also impaired lipid homeostasis of host cells in an established cancer-cachexia model in Drosophila . Most importantly, IGFBP-3 was highly expressed in cancer tissues in pancreatic and colorectal cancer patients, especially higher in the sera of cachectic cancer patients than non-cachexia cancer patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study demonstrates that tumor-derived IGFBP-3 plays a critical role in cachexia-associated lipid loss and could be a biomarker for diagnosis of cachexia in cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3/metabolism , Culture Media, Conditioned/pharmacology , Cachexia/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Somatomedins/metabolism , Insulins/metabolism , Lipids
16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 763-768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965520

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a refractory autoimmune disease that can cause symmetrical polyarticular disease. The key mechanism of its occurrence and development is the dysequilibrium of helper T cell 17 (Th17)/regulatory T cell (Treg) balance. Therefore, reconstructing Th17/Treg balance may be a new strategy for the treatment of RA. Traditional Chinese medicine has significant advantages in the treatment of RA such as integrity, multi-target, multi-link and multi-path. This paper summarizes the basic and clinical studies on the regulation of Th17/Treg balance in the treatment of RA by traditional Chinese medicine in the past five years, and finds that the active components/sites of traditional Chinese medicine such as flavonoids, alkaloids and terpenes have unique advantages in the regulation of Th17/Treg balance. The traditional Chinese medicine compound formula interferes with Th17/Treg balance by exerting the effects of dispelling wind, dehumidifying, removing blood stasis, unblocking collaterals, relieving pain, dispersing cold and strengthening health. The effect of external treatment of traditional Chinese medicine is obvious and can be used as a clinical adjuvant therapy for RA; related mechanisms of action include regulating the production of inflammatory factors, regulating the expression of transcription factors and interfering with the activation of signaling pathways. However, the existing research has the shortcomings of insufficient mechanism research, few clinical research, limited external treatment research of traditional Chinese medicine, and lack of combination therapy research, which need to be improved by follow- up research.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 313-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979482

ABSTRACT

@#Lung cancer is a malignant tumor with the highest mortality worldwide, and its early diagnosis and evaluation have a crucial impact on the comprehensive treatment of patients. Early preoperative diagnosis of lung cancer depends on a variety of imaging and tumor marker indicators, but it cannot be accurately assessed due to its high false positive rate. Liquid biopsy biomarkers can detect circulating tumor cells and DNA in peripheral blood by non-invasive methods and are gradually becoming a powerful diagnostic tool in the field of precision medicine for tumors. This article reviews the research progress of liquid biopsy biomarkers and their combination with clinical imaging features in the early diagnosis of lung cancer.

18.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 448-452, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978407

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of comprehensive intervention on the incidence of lactation galactostasis in communities from the perspective of preventive medicine, so as to prevent the occurrence of the mammary ducts obstruction disease. MethodsA total of 400 women in the early stage of pregnancy were selected from four communities. Those in two communities were set up as the intervention group. Comprehensive intervention for the prevention and treatment of mammary ducts obstruction disease during pregnancy and "Six-step recanalization manual therapy" practical guidance were conducted on the intervention group. The pregnant women from the other two communities were the control group, who received no intervention or guidance training. The two groups were followed up at 1 month, 3 months and 5 months postpartum, and the occurrence of mammary ducts obstruction disease was investigated and interventions were carried out. ResultsThe incidence of galactostasis in the intervention group was 26.0%, 10.6% and 5.1%, respectively at 1, 3 and 5 months after delivery, and the incidence of galactostasis in the control group was 38.0%, 22.2% and 8.3%, respectively. The incidence of galactostasis at 1 month and3 months after delivery was statistically different (P<0.05), while the incidence of galactostasis 5 months after delivery was not statistically different (P>0.05). The protection rates of comprehensive intervention on galactostasis were 31.58%, 52.25% and 38.55%, respectively. ConclusionPublicity and education work of prevention and control of the mammary ducts obstruction disease and "Six-step recanalization manual therapy" practical guidance can effectively reduce the occurrence of plugged mammary ducts, and therefore should be promoted.

19.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 387-390, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972779

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that often occurs in the elderly. The main symptoms of AD patients are cognitive decline, especially memory deficits, communication problems, impaired performance of activities of daily living, and other behavioral and psychological abnormalities. AD is generally divided into familial AD and sporadic AD. The signature features of AD are the presence of amyloid-beta proteins in extracellular plaques. Senile plaques formed by accumulation of Aβ insoluble fragments and intracellular accumulation of highly phosphorylated tau are neurofibrillary tangles. There is a lot of scientific evidence to confirm that the development of the two signature features of AD may be related to naturally occurring microbes in the human body. This paper reviews the mechanism of intestinal, oral and fungal microbiota involved in the development and progression of AD.

20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 317-322, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) level and the risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) recurrence in hypertensive patients.@*METHODS@#This retrospective case-control study was conducted among 211 hypertensive patients with AIS treated in Foshan First People's Hospital, including 35 patients with recurrence of AIS during the 1-year follow-up as confirmed by head CT/MR. In the overall patients, 60 had grade 1 hypertension (including 5 recurrent cases), 76 had grade 2 hypertension (with 11 recurrent cases), and 75 had grade 3 hypertension (with 19 recurrent cases). Univariate analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, trend analysis, and smooth curve fitting analysis were performed to explore the correlation between serum Lp-PLA2 level within 24 h after admission and the risk of AIS recurrence. The predictive efficacy of serum Lp-PLA2 level for AIS recurrence in different hypertension grades was evaluated using ROC curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#Serum Lp-PLA2 level, age, NIHSS score at admission, mRS scores at 7 days, homocysteine level and smoking status differed significantly between patients with and without AIS recurrence (P < 0.05). After adjustment for confounding factors, multivariate regression analysis showed that the highest tertile of Lp-PLA2 level was associated with a 4.13-fold increase of AIS recurrence risk compared with the lowest tertile (OR=5.13, 95% CI: 1.35-19.40), and each 1 ng/mL increase of Lp-PLA2 level was associated with a 1% increase of AIS recurrence risk (OR= 1.01, 95% CI: 1.01-1.02). Serum Lp-PLA2 level was shown to positively correlate with AIS recurrence risk, and in patients with grade 3 hypertension, its areas under the ROC curve for predicting AIS recurrence was 0.869 with a specificity of 0.893 and a sensitivity of 0.737.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Lp-PLA2 concentration is an independent risk factor and potentially an effective predictor for AIS recurrence in patients with grade 3 hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , 1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase , Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Brain Ischemia/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Cerebral Infarction , Hypertension/complications , Ischemic Stroke/complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke
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