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1.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 224-228, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of acupuncture in the treatment of accommodative myopia in children.Methods:A total of 76 children with accommodative myopia who met the inclusion criteria were divided into a control group or a test group according to the random number table method,with 38 cases in each group.The control group was given education on eye hygiene,and the test group was treated with acupuncture twice a week for 2 months in addition to the intervention used in the control group.The patient's uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA),refraction,and axial length(AL)were measured before treatment and 1 month and 2 months after treatment.Results:After 1 month of treatment,there was no significant difference in the UCVA between the two groups(P>0.05);after 2 months of treatment,the UCVA of the test group was better than that of the control group(P<0.05).After 1 and 2 months of treatment,the refraction of the two groups was significantly different from that before treatment(P<0.01),but there was no significant difference between the two groups(P>0.05).After 1 and 2 months of treatment,the AL in the control group was increased compared with that before treatment(P<0.05),while there was no significant change in the test group(P>0.05),and there was no significant difference between the two groups(P>0.05).Conclusion:Acupuncture treatment can improve UCVA in children with accommodative myopia.

2.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 921-927, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994783

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the triglyceride glucose (TyG) index and impairment of renal function in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly population.Methods:A total of 4 988 residents aged ≥45 years undergoing health check-up in Yongshun Health Service Center from January 2016 to December 2021 were enrolled and followed up. According to the quartile of the baseline TyG index, all subjects were divided into Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 groups. The medical history, physical examination and laboratory test results were documented. Participants were followed up through regular health check-up until March 31, 2023. The outcomes were rapid decline of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (a loss in eGFR>3 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2 per year) and the new-onset of chronic kidney disease (CKD) during the follow-up period. Linear regression model, multivariate logistic regression model, restricted cubic spline fitting logistic regression model and ROC curve analysis were used to analyze the association between the TyG index and the impairment of renal function. Results:Among 4 988 residents, 1 396 (28.0%) were males and the age was (59.76±6.28) years. There were 1 247 participants in Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 groups, respectively. After 56 months of follow-up, the incidence of rapid eGFR decline and new-onset CKD was 21.9% (1 294/4 988) and 4.0% (200/4 988), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that TyG index was correlated positively with rapid eGFR decline and new-onset of CKD ( OR=1.34, 95%CI: 1.17-1.52, P<0.001, and OR=1.57, 95%CI:1.19-2.06, P=0.001). Taking group Q1 as a reference, higher levels of TyG index ( Q2, Q3 and Q4 groups) was an independent risk factor for rapid eGFR decline ( P<0.05), which has a dose-response relationship (for trend P=0.002). Compared with the lowest quartile, the adjusted OR of new-onset CKD in the highest quartile was 1.85 ( 95%CI:1.13-3.03, P=0.014). The results of restricted cubic spline fitting logistic regression analysis showed a linear association between TyG index and both outcomes (both P>0.05). The area under ROC curve ( AUC) of the TyG index for predicting the two adverse outcomes were 0.536 ( 95%CI: 0.516-0.556, P<0.001) and 0.588 ( 95%CI:0.548-0.627, P<0.001), respectively. Conclusion:The elevated levels of TyG index may be used as an independent predictor of rapid eGFR decline and new-onset CKD.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 263-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between plasma uric acid and hypertension and the gender difference in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly population.Methods:A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Beijing Tongzhou Yongshun Community Health Service Center from June to December 2021, among residents aged 45 years or older selected by cluster sampling method. According to plasma uric acid (UA) level in quartiles, the subjects were divided into 4 groups; and stratified by gender, the subjects were further divided into subgroups. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the related factors of hypertension, and restricted cubic spline fitting logistic regression model was used to analyze the nonlinear association between uric acid and hypertension and the cut-off values of uric acid.Results:A total of 6 229 residents with the age of (63.2±7.3) years were enrolled in the study. In 1 874 male participants (30.1%), 946 participants (50.5%) had hypertension, and the uric acid level was 359 (309, 418)μmol/L; in 4 355 female participants (69.9%), 2 003 participants (46.0%) had hypertension, and the uric acid level was 306 (261, 359)μmol/L. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for factors that were statistically significant in univariate analyses or potentially clinically relevant (including age, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and cholesterol), uric acid was independently associated with hypertension ( P<0.001), for total participants the risk of hypertension in Q4 group was 1.33 times of that in Q1 group ( OR=1.33,95% CI 1.13-1.56, P=0.001); while for females the risk of hypertension in Q4 group was 1.38 times of that in Q1 group ( OR=1.38,95% CI 1.13-1.68, P=0.002), but no significant association was observed for males ( P>0.05). The results of restricted cubic spline fitting logistic regression analysis showed that there was a linear association between uric acid level and hypertension in the total population and males, and the risk of hypertension increased with uric acid level ( P<0.001 for the total population, P=0.016 for male). However, there was a non-linear association in females. When uric acid>307 μmol/L in females, the risk of hypertension increased significantly as the level of uric acid increased ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Uric acid level was independently associated with hypertension in the community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly population, and there was a gender difference in the correlation. The association was nonlinear in females and the cut-off value of uric acid in females was 307 μmol/L.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 369-374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964231

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the expression changes of MMP-12 during the long-term axon regeneration induced by the lens injury after the optic nerve clamp trauma in sprague-dawley(SD)rats.METHODS: The optic nerve injury model and lens injury model of SD rats were established, and the 24 experimental animals were divided into control group; lens injury group; optic nerve injury group; lens injury combined with optic nerve injury group, with 6 rats in each group. Reference transcriptome sequencing was used to analyze the expression changes of differentially expressed genes in the injured optic nerve region, and relevant differentially expressed genes with high expression were screened. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR)and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)were used to quantify the expression changes of matrix metalloproteinase-12(MMP-12)in the injured optic nerve region.RESULTS: The Principal Component Analysis of transcriptome sequencing indicated that lens injury combined with optic nerve injury was the principal component of gene expression change. Analysis of gene expression differences showed that the expression of MMP-12 gene was up-regulated in the lens injury combined with optic nerve injury group. The mRNA expression level of MMP-12 in the lens injury combined optic nerve injury group was up-regulated compared with the control group, the optic nerve injury group and the lens injury group at 14d and 21d after successful modeling(P<0.05). At 7, 28d, there was no difference in expression among all groups. The protein expression level of MMP-12 in the lens injury combined with optic nerve injury group was up-regulated compared with the control group and optic nerve injury group at 7, 14 and 21d after successful modeling(P<0.05), and it was up-regulated in the lens injury group combined with optic nerve injury group compared with optic nerve injury group at 21d(P<0.05). At 28d, there was no difference in expression among all groups.CONCLUSION: The up-regulated expression of MMP-12 may be involved in the long-term regeneration of the optic nerve after lens injury.

5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 686-692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984762

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18 to 79 years. Methods: A total of 5 048 male participants aged 18 to 79 years were recruited from the China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) from 2017 to 2018. Questionnaires and physical examinations were used to collect information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle, food intake frequency and health status. Venous blood and urine samples were collected to detect the level of serum total testosterone, urinary arsenic and urinary creatinine. Participants were divided into three groups (low, middle, and high) based on the tertiles of creatinine-adjusted urinary arsenic concentration. Weighted multiple linear regression was fitted to analyze the association of urinary arsenic with serum total testosterone. Results: The weighted average age of 5 048 Chinese men was (46.72±0.40) years. Geometric mean concentration (95%CI) of urinary arsenic, creatinine-adjusted urinary arsenic and serum testosterone was 22.46 (20.08, 25.12) μg/L, 19.36 (16.92, 22.15) μg/g·Cr and 18.13 (17.42, 18.85) nmol/L, respectively. After controlling for covariates, compared with the low-level urinary arsenic group, the testosterone level of the participants in the middle-level group and the high-level group decreased gradually. The percentile ratio (95%CI) was -5.17% (-13.14%, 3.54%) and -10.33% (-15.68%, -4.63). The subgroup analysis showed that the association between the urinary arsenic level and testosterone level was more obvious in the group with BMI<24 kg/m2 group (Pinteraction=0.023). Conclusion: There is a negative association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18 to 79 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arsenic/urine , Creatinine , East Asian People , Testosterone/blood , Urinalysis
6.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 121-128, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the cytotoxicity of four wild mushrooms involved in a case of Yunnan sudden unexplained death (YNSUD), to provide the experimental basis for prevention and treatment of YNSUD.@*METHODS@#Four kinds of wild mushrooms that were eaten by family members in this YNSUD incident were collected and identified by expert identification and gene sequencing. Raw extracts from four wild mushrooms were extracted by ultrasonic extraction to intervene HEK293 cells, and the mushrooms with obvious cytotoxicity were screened by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). The selected wild mushrooms were prepared into three kinds of extracts, which were raw, boiled, and boiled followed by enzymolysis. HEK293 cells were intervened with these three extracts at different concentrations. The cytotoxicity was detected by CCK-8 combined with lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) Assay Kit, and the morphological changes of HEK293 cells were observed under an inverted phase contrast microscope.@*RESULTS@#Species identification indicated that the four wild mushrooms were Butyriboletus roseoflavus, Boletus edulis, Russula virescens and Amanita manginiana. Cytotoxicity was found only in Amanita manginiana. The raw extracts showed cytotoxicity at the mass concentration of 0.1 mg/mL, while the boiled extracts and the boiled followed by enzymolysis extracts showed obvious cytotoxicity at the mass concentration of 0.4 mg/mL and 0.7 mg/mL, respectively. In addition to the obvious decrease in the number of HEK293 cells, the number of synapses increased and the refraction of HEK293 cells was poor after the intervention of Amanita manginiana extracts.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The extracts of Amanita manginiana involved in this YNSUD case has obvious cytotoxicity, and some of its toxicity can be reduced by boiled and enzymolysis, but cannot be completely detoxicated. Therefore, the consumption of Amanita manginiana is potentially dangerous, and it may be one of the causes of the YNSUD.


Subject(s)
Humans , HEK293 Cells , Sincalide , China , Amanita , Death, Sudden
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 509-517, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986161

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the construction of a prognostic model for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on pyroptosis-related genes (PRGs). Methods: HCC patient datasets were obtained from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and a prognostic model was constructed by applying univariate Cox and least absolute shrinkages and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis. According to the median risk score, HCC patients in the TCGA dataset were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, univariate and multivariate Cox analysis, and nomograms were used to evaluate the predictive ability of the prognostic models. Functional enrichment analysis and immune infiltration analysis were performed on differentially expressed genes between the two groups. Finally, two HCC datasets (GSE76427 and GSE54236) from the Gene Expression Omnibus database were used to externally validate the prognostic value of the model. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis or Wilcoxon tests were performed on the data. Results: A total of 366 HCC patients were included after screening the HCC patient dataset obtained from the TCGA database. A prognostic model related to HCC was established using univariate Cox regression analysis, LASSO regression analysis, and seven genes (CASP8, GPX4, GSDME, NLRC4, NLRP6, NOD2, and SCAF11). 366 cases were evenly divided into high-risk and low-risk groups based on the median risk score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in the survival time between patients in the high-risk and low-risk groups in the TCGA, GSE76427, and GSE54236 datasets (median overall survival time was 1 149 d vs. 2 131 d, 4.8 years vs. 6.3 years, and 20 months vs. 28 months, with P = 0.000 8, 0.034 0, and 0.0018, respectively). ROC curves showed good survival predictive value in both the TCGA dataset and two externally validated datasets. The areas under the ROC curves of 1, 2, and 3 years were 0.719, 0.65, and 0.657, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the risk score of the prognostic model was an independent predictor of overall survival time in HCC patients. The risk model score accurately predicted the survival probability of HCC patients according to the established nomogram. Functional enrichment analysis and immune infiltration analysis showed that the immune status of the high-risk group was significantly decreased. Conclusion: The prognostic model constructed in this study based on seven PRGs accurately predicts the prognosis of HCC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Prognosis , Pyroptosis , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Risk Factors
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 949-953, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985618

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemic characteristics and drug resistance of pulmonary tuberculosis among the floating population in Beijing and to provide a scientific basis for formulating strategies for the prevention and control of tuberculosis among the floating population. Methods: Data of tuberculosis patients who were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture was collected from 16 districts and one municipal institution of tuberculosis control and prevention in Beijing in 2019. The strain samples were tested for drug sensitivity by the proportional method. According to household registration location, patients were divided into the floating population and Beijing registration. SPSS 19.0 software analyzed tuberculosis patients' epidemic characteristics and drug resistance in the floating population. Results: In 2019, there were 1 171 culture-positive tuberculosis patients in Beijing, among the floating population, 593 (50.64%) patients were identified, with a male-to-female sex ratio of 2.2∶1 (409∶184). Compared to patients under household registration as Beijing residents, a higher proportion of young adults aged 20-39 years (65.09%,386/593) were noticed, with 55.65% (330/593) reported from the urban areas and 96.80% (574/593) were reported the first time. The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). After completing the drug sensitivity test, 37 cases were with multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis, accounting for 6.24% (37/593). The rates of isoniazid resistance (42.11%,8/19) and multidrug resistance (21.05%,4/19) in floating population patients after retreatment were significantly higher than those in newly treated patients (11.67%, 67/574 and 5.75%, 33/574), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Most patients with tuberculosis in the floating population in Beijing in 2019 were young males aged 20-39 years. The reporting areas were urban areas and the newly treated patients mainly. The patients with tuberculosis in the re-treated floating population were more likely to suffer from multidrug and drug resistance, which should be taken as the key population for prevention and control.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Humans , Female , Male , Beijing/epidemiology , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/epidemiology , Drug Resistance
9.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 626-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985454

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of the levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) with frailty and its components among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Health Ageing and Biomarkers Cohort Study (HABCS, 2017-2018) were used and the elderly over 65 years old were included in this study. Through questionnaire interview and physical examination, the information including demographic characteristics, behavior, diet, daily activity, cognitive function, and health status was collected. The association between hs-CRP and frailty and its components in the participants was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model and restrictive cubic spline. Results: A total of 2 453 participants were finally included, the age was (84.8±19.8) years old. The median hs-CRP level was 1.13 mg/L and the prevalence of frailty was 24.4%. Compared with the low-level group (hs-CRP<1.0 mg/L), the OR (95%CI) value of the high-level group (hs-CRP>3.0 mg/L) was 1.79 (1.35-2.36) mg/L. As for the components, the hs-CRP level was also positively associated with ADL disability, IADL disability, functional limitation and multimorbidity. After adjusting for confounding factors, compared with the low-level group, the OR (95%CI) values of the high-level group for the four components were 1.68 (1.25-2.27), 1.88 (1.42-2.50), 1.68 (1.31-2.14) and 1.39 (1.12-1.72), respectively. Conclusion: There is a positive association between the levels of hs-CRP and the risk of frailty among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China. The higher hs-CRP level may increase the risk of frailty by elevating the risk of four physical functional disabilities, namely ADL disability, IADL disability, functional limitation and multimorbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Frailty/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , China/epidemiology
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 691-696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980780

ABSTRACT

The scientific basis of acupuncture on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for treating ischemic stroke (IS) is discussed. MSCs transplantation has great potential for the treatment of tissue damage caused by early stage inflammatory cascade reactions of IS, but its actual transformation is limited by various factors. How to improve the homing efficiency of MSCs is the primary issue to enhance its efficacy. As such, the possible mechanisms of acupuncture and MSCs transplantation in inhibiting inflammatory cascade reactions induced by IS are explored by reviewing literature, and a hypothesis that acupuncture could promote the secretion of stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) from ischemic foci to regulate SDF-1α/CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) axis, thereby improving the homing efficiency of MSCs transplantation, exerting its neuroprotective function, and improving the bed transformation ability, is proposed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Chemokine CXCL12 , Acupuncture Therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Inflammation
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 662-668, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of a modified three-point bending fracture device for establishing a rabbit model of closed tibial fracture.@*METHODS@#The model of closed tibial fracture was established in 40 6-month-old male New Zealand white rabbits with a body weight of 2.5 to 3.0 kg, and the model was verified at 6 weeks after operation. Five rabbits underwent pre modeling without temporary external fixation before modeling, and then were fractured with a modified three-point bending fracture device;35 rabbits underwent formal modeling. Before modeling, needles were inserted, and splints were fixed externally, and then the fracture was performed with a modified three-point bending fracture device. The fracture model and healing process were evaluated by imaging and histopathology at 2 hours, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks after operation.@*RESULTS@#Two hours after modeling, the prefabricated module showed oblique fracture in varying degrees and the broken end shifted significantly;Except for 1 comminuted fracture, 2 curved butterfly fractures and 2 without obvious fracture line, the rest were simple transverse and oblique fractures without obvious displacement in formal modeling group. According to the judgment criteria, the success rate of the model was 85.71%. Four weeks after modeling, the fixed needle and splint of the experimental rabbits were in good position, the fracture alignment was good, the fracture line was blurred, many continuous callus growths could be seen around the fracture end, and the callus density was high. Six weeks after modeling, many thick new bone trabeculae at the fracture, marginal osteoblasts attached, and a small number of macrophages were seen under the microscope. The intramembrane osteogenesis area was in the preparation bone stage, the medullary cavity at the fracture had been partially reopened, the callus was in the absorption plastic stage, and many osteoclasts were visible. The X-ray showed that the fracture line almost disappeared, part of the medullary cavity had been opened, the external callus was reduced around, the callus was in the plastic stage, and the bone cortex was continuous. It suggests that the fracture model showed secondary healing.@*CONCLUSION@#The improved three-point bending fracture device can establish a stable rabbit model of closed tibial fracture, and the operation is simple, which meets the requirements of closed fracture model in basic research related to fracture healing.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Male , Animals , Bony Callus , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Osteogenesis , Radiography
12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 107-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992578

ABSTRACT

Infectious bone defect is bone defect with infection or as a result of treatment of bone infection. It requires surgical intervention, and the treatment processes are complex and long, which include bone infection control,bone defect repair and even complex soft tissue reconstructions in some cases. Failure to achieve the goals in any step may lead to the failure of the overall treatment. Therefore, infectious bone defect has been a worldwide challenge in the field of orthopedics. Conventionally, sequestrectomy, bone grafting, bone transport, and systemic/local antibiotic treatment are standard therapies. Radical debridement remains one of the cornerstones for the management of bone infection. However, the scale of debridement and the timing and method of bone defect reconstruction remain controversial. With the clinical application of induced membrane technique, effective infection control and rapid bone reconstruction have been achieved in the management of infectious bone defect. The induced membrane technique has attracted more interests and attention, but the lack of understanding the basic principles of infection control and technical details may hamper the clinical outcomes of induced membrane technique and complications can possibly occur. Therefore, the Chinese Orthopedic Association organized domestic orthopedic experts to formulate An evidence-based clinical guideline for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique ( version 2023) according to the evidence-based method and put forward recommendations on infectious bone defect from the aspects of precise diagnosis, preoperative evaluation, operation procedure, postoperative management and rehabilitation, so as to provide useful references for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 10-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992568

ABSTRACT

Bone defects caused by different causes such as trauma, severe bone infection and other factors are common in clinic and difficult to treat. Usually, bone substitutes are required for repair. Current bone grafting materials used clinically include autologous bones, allogeneic bones, xenografts, and synthetic materials, etc. Other than autologous bones, the major hurdles of rest bone grafts have various degrees of poor biological activity and lack of active ingredients to provide osteogenic impetus. Bone marrow contains various components such as stem cells and bioactive factors, which are contributive to osteogenesis. In response, the technique of bone marrow enrichment, based on the efficient utilization of components within bone marrow, has been risen, aiming to extract osteogenic cells and factors from bone marrow of patients and incorporate them into 3D scaffolds for fabricating bone grafts with high osteoinductivity. However, the scientific guidance and application specification are lacked with regard to the clinical scope, approach, safety and effectiveness. In this context, under the organization of Chinese Orthopedic Association, the Expert consensus for the clinical application of autologous bone marrow enrichment technique for bone repair ( version 2023) is formulated based on the evidence-based medicine. The consensus covers the topics of the characteristics, range of application, safety and application notes of the technique of autologous bone marrow enrichment and proposes corresponding recommendations, hoping to provide better guidance for clinical practice of the technique.

14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969911

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18 to 79 years. Methods: A total of 5 048 male participants aged 18 to 79 years were recruited from the China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) from 2017 to 2018. Questionnaires and physical examinations were used to collect information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle, food intake frequency and health status. Venous blood and urine samples were collected to detect the level of serum total testosterone, urine arsenic and urine creatinine. Participants were divided into three groups (low, middle, and high) based on the tertiles of creatinine-adjusted urine arsenic concentration. Weighted multiple linear regression was fitted to analyze the association of urinary arsenic with serum total testosterone. Results: The weighted average age of 5 048 Chinese men was (46.72±0.40) years. Geometric mean concentration (95%CI) of urinary arsenic, creatinine-adjusted urine arsenic and serum testosterone was 22.46 (20.08, 25.12) μg/L, 19.36 (16.92, 22.15) μg/L and 18.13 (17.42, 18.85) nmol/L, respectively. After controlling for covariates, compared with the low-level urinary arsenic group, the testosterone level of the participants in the middle-level group and the high-level group decreased gradually. The percentile ratio (95%CI) was -5.17% (-13.14%, 3.54%) and -10.33% (-15.68%, -4.63). The subgroup analysis showed that the association between the urinary arsenic level and testosterone level was more obvious in the group with BMI<24 kg/m2 group (Pinteraction<0.05). Conclusion: There is a negative association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18-79 years.

15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 160-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969819

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influence factors of poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and the predictive value of inflammatory reaction indexes including neutrophils and lymphocytes ratio (NLR), platelet and lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte and lymphocyte ratio (MLR) provision and differentiation degree, infiltration depth, lymph node metastasis number on the postoperative recurrence of ESCC. Methods: A total of 130 patients with ESCC who underwent radical resection from February 2017 to February 2019 in Nanyang Central Hospital were selected and divided into good prognosis group (66 cases) and poor prognosis group (64 cases) according to the prognostic effect. The clinical data and follow-up data were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of poor prognosis. Spearman correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation between preoperative NLR, PLR and MLR with the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastases. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy of NLR, PLR and MLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC. Results: Univariate analysis showed that the degree of differentiation, the degree of invasion and the number of lymph node metastasis were related to the prognoses of patients with ESCC (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastases were independent influencing factors for poor prognosis of patients with ESCC, moderate differentiation (OR=2.603, 95% CI: 1.009-6.715) or low differentiation (OR=9.909, 95% CI: 3.097-31.706), infiltrating into fibrous membrane (OR=14.331, 95% CI: 1.333-154.104) or surrounding tissue (OR=23.368, 95% CI: 1.466-372.578), the number of lymph node metastases ≥ 3 (OR=9.225, 95% CI: 1.693-50.263) indicated poor prognosis. Spearman correlation analysis showed that NLR was negatively correlated with the degree of differentiation and the number of lymph node metastases (r=-0.281, P=0.001; r=-0.257, P=0.003), PLR was negatively correlated with the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastasis (r=-0.250, P=0.004; r=0.197, P=0.025; r=-0.194, P=0.027), MLR was positively correlated with the degree of differentiation and the number of lymph node metastasis (r=0.248, P=0.004; r=0.196, P=0.025). ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve of NLR, PLR and MLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 0.971, 0.925 and 0.834, respectively. The best cut-off value of NLR was 2.87. The sensitivity and specificity of NLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 90.6% and 87.9%, respectively. The optimal cut-off value of PLR was 141.75. The sensitivity and specificity for predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 92.2% and 87.9%, respectively. The best cut-off value of MLR was 0.40. The sensitivity and specificity of MLR in predicting poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were 54.7% and 100.0%, respectively. Conclusions: The degree of differentiation, the degree of invasion and the number of lymph node metastases are closely related to the poor prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. NLR, PLR and MLR can provide important information for predicting the poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Neutrophils , Lymphocytes , Blood Platelets/pathology , Inflammation , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 102-106, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929540

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the development of a CAR-T cells targeting CLL-1 and verify its function. Methods: The expression levels of CLL-1 targets in cell lines and primary cells were detected by flow cytometry. A CLL-1 CAR vector was constructed, and the corresponding lentivirus was prepared. After infection and activation of T cells, CAR-T cells targeting CLL-1 were produced and their function was verified in vitro and in vivo. Results: CLL-1 was expressed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines and primary AML cells. The transduction rate of the prepared CAR T cells was 77.82%. In AML cell lines and AML primary cells, CLL-1-targeting CAR-T cells significantly and specifically killed CLL-1-expressing cells. Compared to untransduced T cells, CAR-T cells killed target cells and secreted inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-6 and interferon-γ, at significantly higher levels (P<0.001) . In an in vivo human xenograft mouse model of AML, CLL-1 CAR-T cells also exhibited potent antileukemic activity and induced prolonged mouse survival compared with untransduced T cells [not reached vs 22 days (95%CI 19-24 days) , P=0.002]. Conclusion: CAR-T cells targeting CLL-1 have been successfully produced and have excellent functions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Cytokines , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Lectins, C-Type , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Receptors, Mitogen , T-Lymphocytes
17.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 229-235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958840

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) in controlling myopia in children and its effect on retinal blood flow. Methods: Sixty-eight myopic children were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 34 cases in each group. The control group was given auricular acupressure treatment alone, and the observation group was treated with EA once a week in addition to the treatment used in the control group. The spherical equivalent refraction (SER) and axial length (AL) were measured at baseline, and after 3 months and 6 months of treatment. Optical coherence tomography angiography was used to measure the vessel density (VD) and perfusion density (PD) in the surface layer of the retina. Results: After 3 months and 6 months of treatment, the changes in SER between the two groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). After 3 months of treatment, the changes in AL between the two groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05); after 6 months of treatment, the change amount of AL in the observation group was smaller than that in the control group (P<0.05); after 3 months and 6 months of treatment, the changes in VD and PD in the surface layer of the retina in the observation group were significantly greater than those in the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion: EA treatment once a week for 6 months can delay the increase of AL and improve the retinal surface blood flow in myopic children.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1048-1054, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct and verify the occurrence model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) using lung injury prediction score (LIPS) combined with acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score and oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2). Methods:Using a prospective cohort study method, 244 patients with complete medical records who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Peking University Third Hospital from December 2020 to July 2022 were selected as research objects according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were divided into training set (173 cases) and validation set (71 cases). Patients' gender, age, body mass index (BMI), various causes (shock, sepsis, craniocerebral injury, pulmonary contusion, multiple trauma, aspiration, pneumonia, acute abdomen, hypoproteinemia, acidosis, major surgery, etc.), underlying diseases (diabetes, malignant tumor, cerebrovascular disease, liver disease, kidney disease) and laboratory test indicators were collected. According to the above data, the LIPS score, APACHE Ⅱ score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and PaO 2/FiO 2, etc within 24 hours after admission to the ICU were calculated. Univariate analysis was used to screen the influencing factors for the occurrence of ARDS, and the factors with P < 0.2 were included in the multivariate Logistic regression analysis to screen out the independent predictive factors for the occurrence of ARDS. According to the results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis, the risk score of patients with ARDS was obtained to construct the risk prediction model of ARDS, the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated. The established ARDS prediction model was externally validated, and ROC curves were drawn to evaluate the predictive accuracy of the prediction model for the occurrence of ARDS in critically ill patients, and the AUC of the validation set was calculated to analyze the predictive performance of each risk factor on the occurrence of ARDS. Results:A total of 173 patients were enrolled in the training set, including 121 patients without ARDS and 52 patients with ARDS; 77 cases of acute abdomen, 64 cases of sepsis, 60 cases of shock, 51 cases of acidosis, 40 cases of hypoproteinemia, 37 cases of diabetes, 34 cases of craniocerebral injury, 34 cases of abnormal liver function, 28 cases of multiple trauma, 23 cases of malignant tumor, 23 cases of spinal orthopedic surgery, 17 cases of obesity, 12 cases of pneumonia, 11 cases of pulmonary contusion, and 7 cases of chronic kidney disease, chemotherapy in 6 cases, and aspiration in 2 cases. The rates of shock, sepsis, acute abdomen, acidosis, abnormal liver function, lung contusion, pneumonia and aspiration, gender, age, LIPS score, APACHE Ⅱ score, and SOFA score in the ARDS group were significantly higher than those in the non-ARDS group (all P < 0.05), moreover, PaO 2/FiO 2 ratio was significantly lower than that of non-ARDS group ( P < 0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that LIPS score, APACHE Ⅱ score, and PaO 2/FiO 2 ratio were independent risk factors for ARDS in ICU patients with high risk factors for ARDS, and the odds ratio ( OR) was 1.768 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.380-2.266], 1.242 (95% CI was 1.089-1.417), 0.985 (95% CI was 0.978-0.991), all P < 0.05. ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of the ARDS prediction model training set was 0.920, the sensitivity was 86.5%, and the specificity was 86.8%; the AUC of the verification set was 0.896, the sensitivity was 96.8%, and the specificity was 76.6%. Conclusion:LIPS score, APACHE Ⅱ score and PaO 2/FiO 2 are independent risk factors for the occurrence of ARDS in ICU patients with high risk factors for ARDS. The ARDS risk prediction model established based on these three indicators has a good predictive ability for the occurrence of ARDS in critically ill patients, wihich needs to be verified by multicenter cohort studies.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1608-1614, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942826

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of lncRNA MALAT1 on the proliferation, migration and angiogenesis of retinal vascular endothelial cells and its molecular mechanism.METHODS: The expression levels of lncRNA MALAT1 in plasma of normal control group, diabetic without retinopathy group and diabetic retinopathy group were detected by qPCR and the effect of glucose culture on the expression levels of lncRNA MALAT1 were detected by qPCR too. The expression level of miR-124-3p was detected by qRT-PCR; Western blotting was used to detect the expression level of SOX7; The targeting relationship between lncRNA MALAT1 and miR-124-3p, miR-124-3p and SOX7 were detected by the dual-luciferase reporter system; CCK-8 assay was used to detect cell proliferation activity; Transwell assay was used to detect the migration ability of cells; Angiogenesis of hRMECs cells was measured by in vitro tube formation assay.RESULTS:The expression level of lncRNA MALAT1 in plasma of diabetic retinopathy patients was significantly higher than that of diabetic without retinopathy group and normal control group(P&#x003C;0.001). In vitro glucose culture significantly promoted the expression of lncRNA MALAT1 in hRMECs cells, as well as the proliferation, migration and angiogenesis of hRMECs cells(all P&#x003C;0.05). Knockdown of lncRNA MALAT1 significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and tubule formation of hRMECs cells(all P&#x003C;0.05). Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay showed that lncRNA MALAT1 targeted with miR-124-3p, and miR-124-3p targeted with SOX7. Overexpression of miR-124-3p significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and tubule formation of hRMECs cells(all P&#x003C;0.05). Overexpression of lncRNA MALAT1+miR-124-3p, miR-124-3p+SOX7, and knockdown of lncRNA MALAT1+overexpression of SOX7 all significantly eliminated the inhibitory effect of hRMECs cells(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: lncRNA MALAT1 promote the proliferation, migration and angiogenesis of retinal endothelial cells in diabetic retinopathy by down-regulating the negative regulation of miR-124-3p on SOX7. Therefore, abnormal upregulation of lncRNA MALAT1 in patients with diabetic retinopathy is a potential biomarker.

20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 976-987, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Enterococcus faecium QH06 on TNBS-induced ulcerative colitis (UC) in rats and explore the mechanisms in light of intestinal flora and intestinal immunity.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six male Wistar rats were randomized equally into control group, UC model group, and E.faecium QH06 intervention group. The rats in the latter two groups were subjected to colonic enema with 5% TNBS/ethanol to induce UC, followed by treatment with intragastric administration of distilled water or E.faecium QH06 at the dose of 0.21 g/kg. After 14 days of treatment, the rats were examined for colon pathologies with HE staining. The mRNA and protein expression levels of IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, and IFN-γ in the colon tissues were detected using RT-qPCR and ELISA, and the expression of TLR2 protein was detected with immunohistochemistry and ELISA. Illumina Miseq platform was used for sequencing analysis of the intestinal flora of the rats with bioinformatics analysis. The correlations of the parameters of the intestinal flora with the expression levels of TLR2 and cytokines were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The rats with TNBS- induced UC showed obvious weight loss (P < 0.01) and severe colon tissue injury with high pathological scores (P < 0.01). The protein expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-12, and TLR2 (P < 0.01) and the mRNA expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-12 and IL-10 (P < 0.05) were significantly increased in the colon tissues of the rats with UC. Illumina Miseq sequence analysis showed that in UC rats, the Shannon index (P < 0.05) ACE (P < 0.01)and Chao (P < 0.05) index for the diversity of intestinal flora both decreased with a significantly increased abundance of Enterobacteriaceae (P < 0.01) and a lowered abundance of Burkholderiaceae (P < 0.05). Compared with the UC rats, the rats treated with E. faecium QH06 showed obvious body weight gain (P < 0.05), lessened colon injuries, lowered pathological score of the colon tissue (P < 0.05), decreased protein expressions of IFN- γ, IL- 12, and TLR2 and mRNA expressions of IFN- γ and IL-12 (P < 0.01 or 0.05), and increased protein expressions of IL- 4 (P < 0.05). The Shannon index ACE (P < 0.05) and Chao (P < 0.05) index of intestinal microflora were significantly increased, the abundance of Enterobacteriaceae was lowered and that of Burkholderiaceae and Rikenellaceae was increased in E.faecium QH06- treated rats (P < 0.01 or 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that IFN-γ was positively correlated with the abundance of Enterobacteriaceae, and IFN-γ was negatively correlated with the abundance of Prevotellaceae, Desulfovibrionaceae, norank_o_Mollicutes_RF39 and Clostridiales_vadinBB60_group; TLR2 was negatively correlated with Clostridiales_vadinBB60_group, norank_o_Mollicutes_RF39 and Prevotellaceae.@*CONCLUSION@#E.faecium QH06 can alleviate TNBS-induced colonic mucosal injury in rats, and its effect is mediated possibly by increasing the abundance of SCFA-producing bacteria such as Prevotellaceae and inhibiting abnormal immune responses mediated by TLR2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Colon/metabolism , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-12/therapeutic use , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Toll-Like Receptor 2/metabolism
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