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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753213

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application of the standard manual labeling on identification of retinopathy of prematurity ( ROP) images in deep learning. Methods According to the International Classification of ROP,different periods of ROP were classified into stage disease and plus disease in this study. From Joint Shantou International Eye Center from August 2009 to July 2018, a total of 1464 labeled fundus retinal photographs were divided randomly by stratified sampling into 3 groups:stage disease group(subgroup 1:173,subgroup 2:117) was used to train for labeling stage disease,whereas plus disease group(subgroup 1:163,subgroup 2:116) was used to train for labeling plus disease,and consistent labels group consisted of 895 consistent labeled images on both disease. Graders consisted of senior experts,3 senior ophthalmologists and 2 interns,and received training for classification and labeling on ROP fundus images. The results were compared among the doctors and doctors with deep learning,and the agreement between non-experts doctors and the reference standards, and deep learning and the reference standards were tested. Results After the first training,the overall agreement rate of the senior ophthalmologist group and the intern group were lower than 90% for both two disease labeling. After two to three times of training, in image of consistent labels group,overall agreement rates of senior ophthalmologists and intern doctor's were 98. 99% ( Kappa=0. 979),99. 22% (Kappa=0. 984) on stage disease,and 97. 43% (Kappa=0. 914),98. 11% (Kappa=0. 935) on plus disease,respectively. The agreement on stage disease using deep learning based on human-machine combination was 94. 08%,Kappa value was 0. 880,which achieved good degree. Conclusions Standardized manual labeling can improve the intelligentization of deep learning on identification of ROP images,and be considered as an innovative method of homogenization and standardized training for doctors in ophthalmology.

2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 156-160, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509661

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively analyze the mRNA expression level of lymphoid enhance factor 1 (LEF-1) in bone marrow mononuclear cells of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at intermediate-risk after initial diagnosis and chemotherapy, and to analyze its clinical significance. Methods The real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to measure the expression level of LEF-1 gene in AML patients at intermediate-risk after initial diagnosis and chemotherapy, and its relationship with effectiveness and survival were analyzed. Results The LEF-1 mRNA level in preliminarily diagnosed patients with AML was significantly higher than that in control arm [0.00519 (0.00015-0.09207) vs. 0.00101 (0.00009-0.00233)], and the difference was statistically significant (u=134.50, P<0.01). The LEF-1 mRNA level in patients after chemotherapy was significantly declines as compared to that in patients before chemotherapy [0.00107 (0.00008 - 0.00744) vs. 0.00519 (0.00015 - 0.09207)], and the difference was statistically significant (u= 317.00, P< 0.01) and LEF-1 mRNA expression level before chemotherapy in complete remission (CR) patients was significantly higher than that in non-CR patients [(0.01108 (0.00164 - 0.09207) vs. 0.00110 (0.00015 - 0.00916)], and the difference was statistically significant (u=19.00, P<0.01). High LEF-1 expression predicted a significantly better overall survival in AML patients with intermediate-risk cytogenetics (χ2= 4.549, P= 0.033). Conclusions LEF-1 may be involved in the development and progression of AML at intermediate-risk patients and is closely related to tumor burden and treatment efficacy. LEF-1 may be a good predictor of better prognosis and a novel target for therapeutic effect.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 734-737,742, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669121

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mRNA level of lymphoid enhancing factor-1 ( LEF-1) in bone marrow mononuclear cells after the initial diagnosis and chemotherapy of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and its clinical significance. Methods The LEF-1 mRNA of target gene in 42 MM patient was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTQ-PCR), and 20 patients without hematological disease were enrolled as the healthy controls. Results The LEF-1 mRNA median level in previously diagnosed MM patients was significantly higher than that in the healthy controls [0.01068 (0.00017 - 0.14100) vs. 0.00101 (0.00009 - 0.002326)], and the difference was statistically significant (U = 91.00, P< 0.001); The LEF-1 mRNA median level in MM patients after chemotherapy was declined compared with the patients before chemotherapy [0.00011 (0.00001 - 0.01548) vs. 0.01068 (0.00017 -0.14100)], and the difference was statistically significant (U = 343.0, P< 0.001). The LEF-1 mRNA median level of MM patients after chemotherapy in progression of disease (PD) group was higher than that in the non-PD groups [0.08386 (0.00288 - 0.14100) vs. 0.003454 (0.000156 - 0.05660)], and the difference was statistically significant (U = 343.0, P< 0.001). The overall survival (OS) rate in the high LEF-1 expression group was shorter than that in the low LEF-1 expression group for MM patients in the initial diagnosis (47.6%vs. 65.5 %, χ2 = 3.931, P= 0.0414). Conclusion LEF-1 may be involved in the occurrence and development of MM, which has a potential to become an indicator of evaluating the poor prognosis and PD of MM patients, and could be served as a novel therapy target for the treatment of MM.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 405-408,416, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686665

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the mRNA expression level of lymphoid enhance factor 1 (LEF-1), and to investigate its clinical significance in bone marrow mononuclear cells of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia chronic-phase (CML-CP) after initial diagnosis and chemotherapy, and to analyze its clinical significance. Methods The real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression level of LEF-1 gene in 38 CML-CP patients after initial diagnosis and chemotherapy and 20 persons without blood system diseases and neoplastic diseases as normal control. The difference of LEF-1 expression level between the patients and healthy control was compared, and the effect of imatinib on the main molecular response (MMR) was analyzed. Results The expression of LEF-1 mRNA in 38 newly diagnosed patients [0.00214 (0.00020 - 0.02120)] was significantly higher than that in normal controls [0.00101 (0.00009 - 0.00233)] (U= 163.0, P 0.05). The level of LEF-1 mRNA expression of non-MMR group was also higher than that of the normal control group (U= 14.0, P<0.01). The rate of acquiring MMR was significantly higher in high LEF-1 mRNA expression group [84.2 %(16/19)] than that in low expression group [47.4%(9/19)] (χ2=4.209, P<0.01). The time of acquiring MMR was significantly shorter in the high LEF-1 mRNA expression group [(10.0 ± 4.5) months] than that in the low expression group [(14.6 ± 3.8) months] (t= 2.705, P< 0.01). Conclusions LEF-1 may be involved in the occurrence and development of CML, and reflects the tumor burden. It may be one of the indicators to predict the efficacy of imatinib.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603349

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changes of the blood culture results before and after implementing the quality control on blood culture .Methods The blood culture results in 1 year before implementing the quality control and in 1 year after implementing the quality control were performed the contrastive analysis .Results After implementing the quality control on blood culture ,the positive rate of blood culture was elevated by 2 .4% and the pollution rate was decreased by 8 .6% after the quality control .Conclu‐sion Implementing the total quality control on blood culture can improve the positive rate of blood culture and reduces the pollu‐tion rate of blood culture .The determination of contamination bacteria must combine the laboratory detection data with the clinical situation for ensuring to provide accurate and effective antimicrobial agents for clinic .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509764

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the chemical constituents from the flowers of Arundina graminifolia and to find its bioactive compounds.Methods The compounds were extracted by 95% alcohol and isolated by column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20.The structures were identified by spectroscopic analysis (1H NMR,13CNMR and EIMS).Results Eight compounds were obtained and identified as (1) 7-hydroxy-2,4-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene;(2)coelonin;(3)4,7-dihydroxy-2-methoxy-9,10-dihydro-phenanthrene;(4)ephemeranthoquinone;(5)densiflorol B;(6)4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butanone;(7) stigmasterol,(8) β-sitosterol.Conclusion Among them,compound 6 is discovered for the first time from the plant.

7.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3391-3393, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503277

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigates the feasibility of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and diffusion tensor tracking (DTT) for evaluation of the effect of childbearing history on female pelvic floor muscles. Methods Forty-six healthy females were divided into two groups: nulliparous and primiparous. MR conventional sequences and DTI were acquired. The optimized FA threshold value was obtained by regulating the FA to fiber tracking. The two groups were compared in terms of ADC, FA, VRA and T2-WT. Results (1)The DTT of FA 0.18 got the highest score in fiber tracking . ( 2 ) The ADC of nulliparous subjects and the subjects who had given birth were (1.24 ± 0.11) ×10-3 mm2/s, (1.33 ± 0.11) ×10-3 mm2/s (P = 0.017). There were no statistical differences in FA, VRA and T2-WT between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions The optimized FA threshold of fiber tracking in pelvic floor muscles is 0.18. DTI and DTT may be used to evaluate the effect of childbearing history on female pelvic floor muscles.

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 156-159, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466921

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively analyze the mRNA and protein expression level of a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) and investigate its clinical significance in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma from newly diagnosed patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL).Methods The mRNA of the target gene in 32 B-CLL patients and 15 health controls was quantified with real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RFQ-PCR) and protein by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results APRIL mRNA was assayed with RFQ-PCR,the intra-and inter-batch reproducibility showed the coefficient of variation (CV) were 1.69 %-6.98 % and 6.49 %-10.27 %,respectively.The expressions of APRIL mRNA and protein in patients with B-CLL were significantly higher than those in control (P < 0.05),and significant difference was noted among the comparable stages in the arms (P < 0.05).The expression of APRIL mRNA and protein in TDI (treatment-demand-indicator) arm was significantly higher than those in non-TDI arm (P < 0.05).Conclusions APRIL may be involved in the formation and development of B-CLL and be an influence factor for disease staging.Thus,APRIL may be a prognostic indicator as well as the therapy target for the disease.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456067

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of detection of fluorescence quantitative PCR in detection of HBV DNA and HBV markers.Methods 653 hepatitis B patients in our hospital from 2013 April to 2013 December were selected.First ELISA method using HBV-M model for qualitative detection of the blood samples,the detection order:Hepatitis b virus surface antigen (HBsAg),Hepatitis B surface Antibody(HbsAb),Hepatitis B e Antigen(HbeAg),hepatitis Be antibody(HbeAb),hepatitis B core antibody(HbcAb);Then the FQ-PCR method for the quantitative detection of HBV-DNA,different HBV-m model test results were compared..Results Big 3 this world[1(+)、3 (+)、5 (+)model]and[1 (+)、3 (+)model ]of the HBV-DNA positive rate was 97.97%,94.74% was significantly higher than that in other mode(P<0.05).Big 3 this world[1(+)、3(+)、5(+)model]HBV-DNA expression level is the highest(5.59 ×106 ±2.42 ×105 )copies/mL was significantly higher than that in other mode(P<0.05).Conclusion Combined with qualitative and quantitative detection of HBV-DNA HBV-M,which is of great value to clinical early diagnosis and therapy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441279

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a RP-HPLC method for the determination of Brucine and Strychnine in Semen Strychni and its extractive of total alkaloids. Methods A chromatographic column of Licrospher C18 (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) was used with the mobile phase of acetonitrile∶0.01 mol/L sodium heptane sulfonate and 0.02 mol/L potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixed with equal amount (adjusted pH to 2.8 with 10% phosphonic acid)=27∶73, detection wavelength at 260 nm, column temperature of 30 ℃ and flow rate of 1 mL/min. Results The calibration curves of Brucine and Strychnine were both in good linearity in the ranges of 0.1-1.0 μg and 0.12-1.2 μg (r=1.000) respectively. The average recovery rates of Brucine and Strychnine were 99.88% (RSD=1.06%) and 100.06% (RSD=0.78%) respectively. Conclusion The method is realiable and accurate, which can be applied to determination of Brucine and Strychnine in Semen Strychi and its extractive.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1243-1246, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440294

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide plus thalidomide on immune function of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).Methods Fifty-seven MDS patients (Low risk,medium risk and high risk) and 30 healthy volunteers were selected as our subjects.Thirty-four cases with medium risk Ⅱ and high risk MDS patients were randomly divided into A and B groups.Seventeen MDS patients in A group were treated with arsenic trioxide plus thalidomide,and 17 MDS patients in B group were treated with low-dose cytarabine.Lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood were examined by flow cytometry (FCM).The adverse effect of arsenic trioxide and thalidomide were recorded.Results Compared with control group,the number of T lymphocytes(CD3 +),B lymphocytes (CD3-CD19 +) and NK cell (CD3-(CD16 CD56) +) of patients with MDS were significantly lower,and the differences were statistically significant (t =2.157,2.349,2.958 ; P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).The helper CD3 + CD4 + T cell (Th) ratio decreased in MDS patients than that of control group (t =2.412,P < 0.05).The inhibition CD3 + CD8 + T cells (Ts) ratio increased (t =2.749,P < 0.01).Th/Ts ratio inversion was seen in MDS patients.As the progression of MDS increase,Ts cell expression gradually increased and NK cells ratio gradually decreased.However,there was no significant difference among three groups.Th cells and B lymphocytes in the risk group were lower than that in the low risk group,and the difference was statistically significant (F =4.896 and 4.516,P <0.05),but there was no significant difference in the terms of the number of T lymphocytes,Th cell,ratio of Th/Ts and B lymphocytes among MDS groups.Number of T lymphocytes,B lymphocytes and NK cell count in group A after treatment were increased than that before treatment (t =2.435,2.468,2.653,P < 0.05).In group A,2 cases were complete remission,4 cases with partial remission,and 5 cases with hematologic improvement.The total effective rate was 64.71% (11/17),and curative effect is obviously better than that of B group (x2 =4.253,P < 0.05).Meanwhile adverse effect was mild.Conclusion The cellular and humoral immune function decreased in MDS patients.The treatment of arsenic trioxide plus thalidomide on MDS is proved safety and efficacy,which might work by improving immune function of MDS patients.

12.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 479-482, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472826

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate mRNA and protein expression of aproliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) in peripheral blood mononuclear cell and plasma of patients with B cells non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) pre- or post- chemotherapy and to explore the role of APRIL in the B-NHL. Methods The mRNA and protein expression of APRIL were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RFQ-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), respectively. According to the standard curves,the quantitative levels of target mRNA and protein were determined. Results The detection linear range of targeted mRNA by RFQ-PCR was 101-109 pg/ml, and the coefficient of variation values for both intra- and inter-experimental reproducibility ranged 1.69 %-5.99 % and 6.35 %-10.12 %, respectively. To detect expression of APRIL protein by ELISA, the correlation coefficient of standard curves reached 0.9922. Before or after chemical treatment, the expression levels of APRIL mRNA and protein in patients with B-NHL were significantly higher than those in normal control (P <0.01), while the expression levels in post-treatment patients with Ⅲ and Ⅳ stage were lower than those of pre-treatment patients with corresponding stage (P <0.05, respectively), but those of pre- and post-treatment patients with Ⅰ / Ⅱ stage were not different (P >0.05).Conclusion The expression level of APRIL mRNA is similar to that of APRIL protein. APRIL may be involved in pathogenesis and development of B-NHL. Moreover, APRIL may be related to the burden of B-NHL and it may be considered as a targeted molecule for B-NHL.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 681-683, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472000

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in patients of hematologic malignancies with aneamia and its relationship of serum erythropoietin levels. Methods Serum EPO (sEPO) level in 80 patients with hematologic malignancies were detected by chemolumimiscence,and treated by recombinant human erythropoietin for patients with Hb<100 g/L. Results The effect on aneamia in tumor patients with remission were significantly higher than that with no-remission. The patients with lower level of sEPO had better respose to treatment by rhEPO than patients with higher level. Conclusion Higher level of sEPO in patients with no-remission hematopoietic tumor, with condition of marrow erythropoiesis aplasia, the effect of rhEPO was poor;, but sEPO level in patients with remission hematopoietic tumor were nearly normal with recovery of marrow erythropoiesis aplasia was effective by use of rhEPO.

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