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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 937-947, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014613

ABSTRACT

AIM:To establish a project management tool to measure the working ability of research coordinators and the workload of clinical trial projects, and optimize medical institutions or clinical trial site management organization (SMO) allocation basis of clinical trial items by collecting the work stress and personal ability values of clinical coordinators. METHODS: Different words in the five major databases were searched and information on the work capacity and workload in the Subei People' s Hospital was collected. In addition, the paper analyzes the characteristics of coordinators working pressure source by SPSS26.0 statistical software and stability coefficient method. RESULTS: The study established the clinical research coordinator's personal ability - assessment tool (CRCPA-AT) and clinical trial project workload - assessment tool (CTPW-AT) to assess the coordinator's working ability and clinical trial workload. The two tools in this study were tested retrospectively in 61 coordinators and 144 clinical trials, 39 (66.1%) coordinators' projects were reasonably allocated, 18 (30.5%) coordinators were in the state of theoretical pressure and 12 (20.3%) coordinators had high actual pressure, which matched with the theoretical pressure. CONCLUSION: In this study, two scoring scales were established to quantify the working ability of the coordinators and the workload of clinical trial projects. Through the verification of the 61 coordinators and its management projects, the Likert5 point scoring method was used to analyze, more than 86.4% of the actual pressure of coordinators was consistent with the theoretical pressure quantified by the tool.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1098-1102, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013231

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) in children. Methods: The clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, genetic testing and follow-up of 10 children with TRAPS from May 2011 to May 2021 in 6 hospitals in China were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 10 patients with TRAPS, including 8 boys and 2 girls. The age of onset was 2 (1, 5) years, the age of diagnosis was (8±4) years, and the time from onset to diagnosis was 3 (1, 7) years. A total of 7 types of TNFRSF1A gene variants were detected, including 5 paternal variations, 1 maternal variation and 4 de novo variations. Six children had a family history of related diseases. Clinical manifestations included recurrent fever in 10 cases, rash in 4 cases, abdominal pain in 6 cases, joint involvement in 6 cases, periorbital edema in 1 case, and myalgia in 4 cases. Two patients had hematological system involvement. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were significantly increased in 10 cases. All patients were negative for autoantibodies. In the course of treatment, 5 cases were treated with glucocorticoids, 7 cases with immunosuppressants, and 7 cases with biological agents. Conclusions: TRAPS is clinically characterized by recurrent fever accompanied by joint, gastrointestinal, skin, and muscle involvement. Inflammatory markers are elevated, and autoantibodies are mostly negative. Treatment mainly involves glucocorticoids, immunosuppressants, and biological agents.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Biological Factors/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Autoantibodies , Familial Mediterranean Fever/diagnosis , Mutation
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1750-1756, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010033

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the genetic results of whole exome sequencing of bone marrow from new onset multiple myeloma (MM) patients to analyze the process of genetic clonal evolution in MM patients.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from bone marrow samples of 15 MM patients and the whole exomes sequencing was performed using next generation sequencing technology. Using own buccal cells as germline controls, combinated with clinical information, the mutation profile of genes from high-risk asymptomatic myeloma to symptomatic myeloma were analyzed, and genes that may be associated with the efficacy and side effects of bortezomib were screened.@*RESULTS@#Except for two patients in whom no peripheral neuropathy was observed after a short treatment period, other patients peripheral neuropathy developed of various degrees during treatment with bortezomib containing chemotherapy, and the vast majority of patients achieved remission after receiving this bortezomib-related chemotherapy regimen. All patients had comparable levels of the inherited mutations number, but the somatic mutations was correlated with disease evolution.@*CONCLUSION@#different gene "mutational spectra" exist in myeloma patients at different stages and are associated with progression through all stages of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow , Exome Sequencing , Mouth Mucosa , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
4.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 163-165+171, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965862

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the effect of silencing E6-associated protein(E6AP)on the level of p53 protein in human papilloma virus(HPV)negative cervical cancer cells(C33A cells).Methods The siRNA sequence silencing E6AP(siE6AP)and silencing control disordered siRNA sequence(siControl)were transfected into C33A cells with the mediation of LipofectamineTM2000 transfection reagent respectively.The silencing effect of siRNA on E6AP and the expression of p53and cleaved-caspase-3 proteins were detected by Western blot.Results The levels of E6AP protein in C33A cells of siE6AP group were significantly lower(t =-4.597,P<0.05),while the levels of p53 and cleaved-caspase-3 proteins were significantly higher than those of siControl group(t = 4.533 and 7.099 respectively,each P<0.05).Conclusion Silencing of E6AP significantly increased the expression of p53 protein in C33A cells,indicating that silencing of E6AP may restore the activity and function of p53 protein in C33A cells.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4381-4393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008692

ABSTRACT

This study developed an optimal pre-processing technique for the reference substance of the classic formula Gualou Xiebai Banxia Decoction(GXBD) and established a comprehensive quality control method for GXBD reference substance to provide a reference for its overall quality evaluation. The authors prepared 15 batches of GXBD samples and innovatively used the extracted ion chromatogram under the base peak chromatogram mode to establish a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) fingerprint, identify characteristic peaks, and perform quantitative analysis of indicator components. The yield of the 15 batches of GXBD samples ranged from 50.28% to 76.20%. In the positive ion mode, 12 common characteristic peaks were detected in the LC-MS fingerprint, and the structures of five common peaks were identified by comparison with reference standards. The similarity between the fingerprint profiles of different batches of samples and the reference fingerprint profile ranged from 0.920 to 0.984. Finally, liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry(LC-QQQ/MS) in multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) mode was used to determine the content of eight indicator components in GXBD, including loliolide, chrysoeriol, rutin, cucurbitacin D, macrostemonoside Ⅰ, 25S-timosaponin B Ⅱ, 25R-timosaponin B Ⅱ, and peptide proline-tryptophan-valine-proline-glycine(PWVPG). The method established in this study can reduce matrix interference in the compound, and it has good accuracy, stability, and practical value. It effectively reflects the quality attributes of GXBD samples and can be used for the comprehensive quality control of GXBD.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Proline , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 243-252, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931251

ABSTRACT

Viscum coloratum(Komn.)Nakai is a well-known medicinal hemiparasite widely distributed in Asia.The synthesis and accumulation of its metabolites are affected by both environmental factors and the host plants,while the latter of which is usually overlooked.The purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the effects of host and habitat on the metabolites in V.coloratum through multiple chemical and biological approaches.The metabolite profile of V.coloratum harvested from three different host plants in two habitats were determined by multiple chemical methods including high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet(HPLC-UV),gas chromatography-flame ionization detector(GC-FID)and ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-QTOF/MS).The differences in antioxidant efficacy of V.coloratum were determined based on multiple in vitro models.The multivariate statistical analysis and data fusion strategy were applied to analyze the dif-ferences in metabolite profile and antioxidant activity of V.coloratum.Results indicated that the metabolite profile obtained by various chemical approaches was simultaneously affected by host and environment factors,and the environment plays a key role.Meanwhile,three main differential metab-olites between two environment groups were identified.The results of antioxidant assay indicated that the environment has greater effects on the biological activity of V.coloratum than the host.Therefore,we conclude that the integration of various chemical and biological approaches combined with multivariate statistical and data fusion analysis,which can determine the influences of host plant and habitat on the metabolites,is a powerful strategy to control the quality of semi-parasitic herbal medicine.

7.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 9-21, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929239

ABSTRACT

β-Elemene is an effective anti-cancer ingredient extracted from the genus Curcuma (Zingiberaceae familiy). In the present study, we demonstrated that β-elemene inhibited the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells and induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase. In addition, β-elemene induced nuclear chromatin condensation and cell membrane phosphatidylserine eversion, decreased cell mitochondrial membrane potential, and promoted the cleavage of caspase-3, caspase-9 and PARP proteins, indicating apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells. At the same time, β-elemene induced autophagy response, and the treated cells showed autophagic vesicle bilayer membrane structure, which was accompanied by up-regulation of the expression of LC3B and SQSTM1. Furthermore, β-elemene increased ROS levels in colorectal cancer cells, promoted phosphorylation of AMPK protein, and inhibited mTOR protein phosphorylation. In the experiments in vivo, β-elemene inhibited the tumor size and induced apoptosis and autophagy in nude mice. In summary, β-elemene inhibited the occurrence and development of colon cancer xenografts in nude mice, and significantly induced apoptosis and autophagy in colorectal cancer cells in vitro. These effects were associated with regulation of the ROS/AMPK/mTOR signaling. We offered a molecular basis for the development of β-elemene as a promising anti-tumor drug candidate for colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Line, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Mice, Nude , Reactive Oxygen Species , Sesquiterpenes , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 774-778, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of cortical activation during the stimulation-assisted walking of hemiplegic stroke survivors using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS).Methods:Eight stroke survivors with right hemiplegia (average age 44.4±7.2 years) in a self-controlled study each walked at 2km/h on a treadmill, alone and assisted by functional electronic stimulation (FES). Real-time near-infrared spectroscopic images were recorded. The Matlab NIRS-SPM toolkit was employed to calculate the changes in oxyhemoglobin concentration in different cortical regions. A general linear model was evaluated which integrated the task effects, and version 20.0 of the SPSS statistical software was used to perform single sample or paired sample t-tests of the beta values so as to produce activation hot maps of the significant differences.Results:During unassisted walking channels 8, 10, 11, 13-20, 23-28, 30 and 32-37 were significantly activated. During FES-assisted walking it was the same channels plus channels 9 and 22, 31. The results suggest that in walking the cortical regions activated are mainly located in M1 of the unaffected hemisphere, supplemented by M1 and SMA, PMC and S1 in the affected hemisphere. There were significant differences in the activation of channels 9, 24, 27, 32, 33 between the two walking tasks. FES-assistance enhances S1 activation on the unaffected side, as well as the SMA and PMC of the affected side more significantly.Conclusions:Bilateral asymmetrical activation is found mostly in M1 during walking with or without FES assistance. FES assistance significantly strengthens the compensatory activation of the PMC and SMA of the affected hemisphere while walking for those with hemiplegia.

9.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 181-193, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927652

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#It is unclear whether G protein-coupled receptor 61 (GPR61) affecting body weight, plays a role in the association between birth weight and weather. This study aimed to assess the effects of prenatal weather and GPR61 on birth weight.@*Methods@#A total of 567 mother-newborn pairs were recruited in Houzhai Center Hospital during 2011-2012. We detected the maternal and neonatal GPR61 promoter methylation levels, and obtained meteorological and air pollution data.@*Results@#A positive association was observed between maternal and neonatal GPR61 methylation levels, and both of them were affected by precipitation, relative humidity (RH) and daily temperature range (DTR). Birth weight was associated negatively with RH and positively with DTR ( P < 0.05). A significant association was observed between birth weight and neonatal GPR61 methylation. We observed that maternal GPR61 methylation seemed to modify associations between weather and birth weight ( P interaction < 0.10), while neonatal GPR61 methylation mediated the effects of RH and DTR on birth weight ( P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Our findings revealed the significant associations among prenatal weather, GPR61 methylation and birth weight. Maternal GPR61 methylation may modify the susceptibility of birth weight to prenatal weather conditions, while neonatal GPR61 methylation may be a bridge of the effects of prenatal RH and DTR on birth weight.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Air Pollution/analysis , Birth Weight , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Temperature , Weather
10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 400-407, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984133

ABSTRACT

Abstrct: Metabonomics is a relative discipline that develops after genomics and proteomics, and it is an important component of systems biology. It uses high-throughput and high-sensitivity instruments to perform qualitative and quantitative analysis of all metabolic components in specific biological samples under limited conditions and combines with multivariate statistics to analyze and process the data to obtain information about physiological, pathological or toxicological changes in organisms. In recent years, because of the complicated mechanism of substance abuse and the continuous emergence of new psychoactive substances, metabonomics is increasingly used in substance abuse research. Therefore, this article reviews the application of metabonomics of substance abuse in the toxic mechanism, the mechanism of addiction and the discovery of biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Metabolomics , Proteomics , Substance-Related Disorders
11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1-5, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875780

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between chronic hepatitis B virus infection and diabetes among adults.@*Methods@#The baseline data of China Kadoorie Biobank ( CKB ) study from Tongxiang of Zhejiang Province was used for analysis. Community residents were investigated in the study from August 2004 to May 2008, including questionnaire survey, physical measurement and biological sample test. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the association of chronic hepatitis B virus infection with diabetes.@*Results@#Totally 52 888 participants were included in the final analysis. The overall prevalence of HBsAg-positive was 3.55% ( N=1 877 ). The overall prevalence of diabetes was 5.17% ( N=2 733 ). The prevalence of HBsAg-positive in diabetic patients was 3.51% ( N=96 ). Both univariate and multivariate logistic regression models indicated that there was no association between chronic hepatitis B virus infection and diabetes( P>0.05 ). @*Conclusion@#No significant association has been found between chronic hepatitis B virus infection and diabetes among adults.

12.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 800-806, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and Chinese healthy eating index (CHEI), and to identify the beneficial or adverse effects of diets on MS in a community population of Shanghai. Methods:Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the data of 4 856 subjects from a community in Shanghai was collected by interview. Total CHEI score and its component score were calculated based on the frequency of food consumption. Physical examination and blood biochemical tests were used to diagnose MS. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between MS or relative indexes and the total CHEI score or its component score. Results:The study showed the overall prevalence of MS was 24.71%. There were significant differences between MS group and controls (P<0.05) in age, BMI, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, high-density lipoprotein and energy intake. After adjusting for potential confounders, it showed that the higher total CHEI score, the lower risk of central obesity, increased diastolic blood pressure, increased glycated hemoglobin, hyperglycemic and MS (P<0.05). The increase in component score of potatoes, milk, beans, dark vegetables, fruits, oil and sodium reduced risk of obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and MS (P<0.05). Conclusion:The quality of healthy diet (CHEI score more than 80) and increased intake of specific dietary components (potatoes, milk, beans, dark vegetables, fruits) reduce the risk of MS effectively.

13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 503-508, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndromes (MS) and MS scores as well as related health behavior factors in Zhongshan Community, Songjiang, Shanghai. Methods:A total of 6 802 residents aged 20-74 years old in Zhongshan Community were selected. Face-to-face survey and body measurement were used to collect information such as MS-related behavioral factors (including smoking, alcohol intake, exercise and diet) and to determine the MS scores. MS scores were divided into 6 levels. Ordered logit model was used to analyze the factors related to MS score, and logit model was used to analyze the factors related to MS. Results:The prevalence of 6 metabolic syndrome scores in the sample population were 13.5%, 24.3%, 25.1%, 19.7%, 12.3%, 5.1%, respectively. The prevalence of MS was 37.0%. The related factors of high MS score in male were advanced age, alcohol intake and tea drinking, while the related factors of high MS score in female were advanced age and previous smoking. The related factors of MS was alcohol intake in male while female with advanced age had higher risk in developing MS. Conclusion:The prevalence of MS in Zhongshan Community is relatively high, which has become one of the important public health problems in this community. Attention should be paid to the elderly men who drink alcohol and tea, and aged women who have ever smoked.

14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 80-84, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879731

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the correlation between periprostatic fat thickness (PPFT) measured on magnetic resonance imaging and lower urinary tract symptoms, erectile function, and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) progression. A total of 286 treatment-naive men diagnosed with BPH in our department between March 2017 and February 2019 were included. Patients were divided into two groups according to the median value of PPFT: high (PPFT >4.35 mm) PPFT group and low (PPFT <4.35 mm) PPFT group. After the initial evaluation, all patients received a combination drug treatment of tamsulosin and finasteride for 12 months. Of the 286 enrolled patients, 244 completed the drug treatment course. Patients with high PPFT had larger prostate volume (PV; P = 0.013), higher International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS; P = 0.008), and lower five-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) score (P = 0.002) than those with low PPFT. Both high and low PPFT groups showed significant improvements in PV, maximum flow rate, IPSS, and quality of life score and a decrease of IIEF-5 score after the combination drug treatment. The decrease of IIEF-5 score was more obvious in the high PPFT group than that in the low PPFT group. In addition, more patients in the high PPFT group underwent prostate surgery than those in the low PPFT group. Moreover, Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis indicated that PPFT was positively correlated with age, PV, and IPSS and negatively correlated with IIEF-5 score; however, body mass index was only negatively correlated with IIEF-5 score.

15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 368-372, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate expression of Semaphorin 3A in rats after spinal cord injury and explore possible mechanism of inhibiting of axonal regeneration after SCI.@*METHODS@#Forty healthy female SD rats, 8 weeks old, weighing (210.00±9.88) g, were randomly divided into control group(20 rats in group A) and model group(20 rats in group B). In control group, removal of T@*RESULTS@#After a simple spinal cord transection injury, hemorrhagic necrosis, localized edema, neurodegeneration, necrosis, and cyst formation occurred in the injured area, and glial scar formation occurred in glial cells. Semaphorin 3A expression levels in control group was low in the gray matter area. There was no expression of Semaphorin 3A in the injured area of spinal cord injury in model group 3 days after operation. On the 14th day, the expression of Semaphorin 3A in the injured area of spinal cord injury increased significantly and was at a high level. On the 28th day, the expression of Semaphorin 3A was moderate. On the 42th day, the positive expression of Semaphorin 3A returned to normal level.@*CONCLUSION@#The increased expression of Semaphorin 3A after spinal cord injury may be one of the mechanisms that inhibit axonal regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Semaphorin-3A/genetics , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries/genetics
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 131-136, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879384

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze effect of accordion technique on bone mineralization of extended bone segment in treating tibial bone defect with bone transport.@*METHODS@#From May 2017 to October 2019, 22 patients with tibial bone defects were treated with Ilizarov bone-transport technique, and divided into two groups after bone-transport was completed, 11 patients in each group. In observation group, there were 9 males and 2 females aged from 20 to 60 years old with an average of (42.6± 13.3) years old;the length of bone defect ranged from 3 to 13 cm with an average of(6.4±2.6) cm;2 patients were suffered from upper tibial bone defects, 3 patients were middle and 6 patients were lower;patients were treated with accordion technique for 35 days. In control group, there were 10 males and 1 female aged from 41 to 60 years old with an average of (51.6±6.4) years old;the length of bone defect ranged from 3 to 10.7 cm with an average of (6.6±2.5) cm;1 patient was suffered from upper tibial bone defects, 3 patients were middle and 7 patients were lower;patients were treated with lock external fixator to waiting bone mineralization. The content of hydroxyapatite (HAP) extended bone segment was measured after bone-transport completed immediately, 35, 65 and 95 days after bone-transport was completed, respectively, then the mineralization time and healing time were compared between two groups, and the therapeutic effect of bone defect was evaluated by using Paley scoring criteria.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-two patients were followed up from 18 to 36 months with an average of (27.0±6.3) months. The wounds on the bone defects healed spontaneously during bone transport, and there were no wound complications such as skin infection or skin necrosis occurred. There were statisticaldifference in the content of HAP of the extended bone segments at 35, 65 and 95 days after bone-transport between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Accordion technique and locking external fixator mineralization in prolonging bone segment healing after bone-transport have the equal clinical effect, while the accordion technique could significantly accelerate the growth rate of HAP and shorten the mineralization time and healing time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Calcification, Physiologic , External Fixators , Ilizarov Technique , Tibia/surgery , Tibial Fractures , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1204-1207, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825091

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the associations of Hand-Foot-Mouth disease (HFM) among children of different age groups in kindergartens, and to provide scientific evidence for HFM prevention and control.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling was used to select 9 912 children from 40 kindergartens. The major caregivers of children were invited to participate into the study and fulfill a self-administered questionnaire that consisted of general background, hand washing and the history of HFM among children in the recent 1 year. Chi-square and binary logistic regression were applied,to analyze the influencing factors of HFM among children of different age groups.@*Results@#In the 2 year-old-group, children who were male (OR=1.76, 95%CI=1.24-2.50), had the major caregiver with high school educational background or below (OR=1.54, 95%CI=1.06-2.24), had family income more than 100 000 yuan or more per year(OR=1.49, 95%CI=1.01-2.20), children whose major caregiver seldom wash hands immediately after coming home(OR=2.10, 95%CI=1.05-4.19),and 3-5 times per week(OR=2.07, 95%CI=1.26-3.41) were more likely to have HFM. In the 3 year-old-group, the more time children spent in the outdoors, the less likely they got HFM(3-5 times per week: OR=0.58, 95%CI=0.43-0.81; ≥6 times per week: OR=0.45, 95%CI=0.29-0.70). Children whose major caregiver did not use soap were more likely to have HFM(OR=1.67, 95%CI=1.11-2.49). In the 4 year-old-group, children who occasionally took toys when going out were less likely to get HFM (vs always, OR=0.57, 95%CI=0.38-0.88). No significant factors were found in the 5 year-old-group.@*Conclusion@#The behaviors and activities of major caregivers and children could influence the HFM incidence.To prevent HFM, it was advised that the major caregivers should wash hands immediately after coming home, and develop the habit of using soap for handwashing together with children at the earlier age, and encourage children to take more outside-door activities according to the age characteristics. Attention should be paid to avoid contaminating takeout snacks, and to clean the takeout toys timely.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 695-700, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect and feedback of online pediatrics teaching for the clerkship and internship stage of medical students of clinical medicine eight-year program.Methods:In this study, 38 clerkship medical students and 12 internship medical students of clinical medicine eight-year program in pediatrics department of Peking University First Hospital from February to March, 2020 were selected as research objects. They had two weeks of online teaching, including online flipped classroom, case-based learning (CBL), and problem-based learning (PBL). The effect of online teaching, and the feedback from these students were all investigated through the questionnaire survey.Results:All students were satisfied with the overall arrangement of the online teaching and believed that the results exceed [42% (21/50)] or meet [58% (29/50)] their expectations. According to the feedback, network congestion [82% (41/50)] was the biggest problem in online teaching, followed by the inability of effective interaction [20% (10/50)]. Students all believed that the online teaching arrangement was most helpful for the cultivation of theoretical knowledge (Total scores 4.58±0.50), autonomous learning ability (Total scores 4.42±0.58) and clinical reasoning (Total scores 4.42±0.58), but had minimal impact on the skills operation (Total scores 2.68±0.87) and scientific research ability (Total 2.98±0.98). For the ability of communication between doctors and patients, the scores of clerkship students (3.79±0.99) were significantly higher than those of internship students (3.08±0.67), ( P<0.05). Clerkship students considered that online flipped classroom was the most helpful teaching mode, while internship students believed online CBL teaching was the most helpful one. Majority of the students (94%) think it's necessary to keep online teaching in the future. Conclusion:Online teaching of pediatrics is approved by the medical students of clinical medicine eight-year program in the stage of clerkship and internship, and plays an important role in the cultivation of the ability of medical students, but it can't completely replace offline clinical practice.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3870-3876, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847421

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ilizarov technique has obvious advantages in the treatment of tibial bone defect and can be used to treat various types of tibial bone defect. However, there are still many shortcomings in this technology, which need to be solved urgently. OBJECTIVE: To review the advantages, shortcomings and improvement strategies of Ilizarov technique in the treatment of tibia bone defect. METHODS: PubMed, CNKI and Wanfang databases from 1971 to 2019 were retrieved with the key words of “bone defect, bone transport, accordion maneuver, ultrasonography, energy spectrum CT, pin site infection” in English and Chinese, respectively. Totally 57 eligible articles were included to systematically summarize the advantages, shortcomings and improvement strategies of Ilizarov technique in the treatment of tibia bone defect. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Ilizarov technology has obvious advantages in the treatment of the tibia bone defect, combined with soft tissue injury, infection and deformity of the tibia bone defect. (2) New disinfectants, accordion technology, color Doppler ultrasound and energy spectrum CT are effective treatment methods for complications of bone transport technology, such as pin site infection, poor mineralization of new bone in the transfer area, and difficulty in healing at the docking site. These methods can reduce the incidence of complications. (3) It is still necessary to improve the existing treatment techniques or choose new methods to further reduce the incidence of complications.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 243-247, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756563

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of p38MAPK gene silencing recombinant adeno-virus on the expression of target gene in different time and to detect the effect of p 38MAPK signal pathway on the upper lip scar hyperplasia at different time to determine the optimal scar treatment time .Methods The adenovirus vector was injected into the scar tissue in 0 week ,1 week and 2 week after cheiloplasty in rabbit .The specimens were harvested in 3 week postoperatively .Four methods in-cluding Sirius red staining ,immunohistochemical staining (IHC) ,Western blotting (WB) ,real-time PC (RT-PCR) were used to quantitatively and quantitatively detect the relative expression levels of p38MAPK and scar-related factors (col Ⅰ ,col Ⅲ ,MM P1 ,TIMP1) .Results Sirius red staining and immunohistochemical staining showed that in 1st week the expression of col Ⅲ and MMP1 in scar tis-sue was significantly higher than that in 0 week and 2 week after operation and the expression of col Ⅰand TIMP1 was significantly less than that in 0 week and 2 week after operation .The results of WB and RT-PCR were consistent with that of IHC .Conclusions After injection into the upper lip scar tis-sue with adenovirus in 1 week ,the degree of scar hyperplasia is the least .

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