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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 551-556, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965775

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the changes of protein expressions in human lens epithelial cells(SRA01/04)undergoing oxidative damage, hoping to provide new protein target for the pathogenesis of age-related cataract(ARC).METHODS: SRA01/04 cells were divided into experimental group and control group. In the experimental group, cells were irradiated with ultraviolet-B(UVB)for 10min to establish the model of oxidative damage, whereas cells in the control group were untreated. Protein expression profile from the two groups was sequenced by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation(iTRAQ). The filtering criteria that fold change >1.2 and p<0.05 was used to determine the differentially expressed proteins(DEPs). Gene Ontology(GO)and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)database were utilized for functional enrichment analysis of the top 50 DEPs with either up-regulated or down-regulated significance. Furthermore, Pathway commons software was used to establish the protein-protein interaction(PPI)network.RESULTS: Overall, 552 DEPs were screened out. A total of 176 DEPs were up-regulated in the experimental group compared with the control group, including HMGB1 and USP1, while 376 DEPs were down-regulated, including POLR2A and POLR2B. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that the top 50 DEPs with up-regulated or down-regulated significance were involved in various crucial biological processes and signaling pathways. PPI network revealed that oxidative damage repair(ODR)-related proteins might play a key role in UVB-induced oxidative damage.CONCLUSIONS: The expressions of multiple proteins, especially ODR-related proteins, can be altered in SRA01/04 cells via UVB irradiation. These findings may provide cellular-related insights into the pathogenesis of ARC and into proteins or pathways associated with therapeutic targets.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2316-2324, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981307

ABSTRACT

Patchoulol is an important sesquiterpenoid in the volatile oil of Pogostemon cablin, and is also considered to be the main contributing component to the pharmacological efficacy and fragrance of P. cablin oil, which has antibacterial, antitumor, antioxidant, and other biological activities. Currently, patchoulol and its essential oil blends are in high demand worldwide, but the traditional plant extraction method has many problems such as wasting land and polluting the environment. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a new method to produce patchoulol efficiently and at low cost. To broaden the production method of patchouli and achieve the heterologous production of patchoulol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the patchoulol synthase(PS) gene from P. cablin was codon optimized and placed under the inducible strong promoter GAL1 to transfer into the yeast platform strain YTT-T5, thereby obtaining strain PS00 with the production of(4.0±0.3) mg·L~(-1) patchoulol. To improve the conversion rate, this study used protein fusion method to fuse SmFPS gene from Salvia miltiorrhiza with PS gene, leading to increase the yield of patchoulol to(100.9±7.4) mg·L~(-1) by 25-folds. By further optimizing the copy number of the fusion gene, the yield of patchoulol was increased by 90% to(191.1±32.7) mg·L~(-1). By optimizing the fermentation process, the strain was able to achieve a patchouli yield of 2.1 g·L~(-1) in a high-density fermentation system, which was the highest yield so far. This study provides an important basis for the green production of patchoulol.


Subject(s)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Sesquiterpenes/metabolism , Pogostemon , Oils, Volatile/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 43-53, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929235

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy of the urinary system. Compound Kushen Injection (CKI) is a Chinese medicinal preparation that has been widely used in the treatment of various types of cancers in the past two decades. However, the pharmacological effect of CKI on bladder cancer is not still completely understood. In the current study, network pharmacology combined with bioinformatics was used to elucidate the therapeutic mechanism and potential targets of CKI in bladder cancer. The mechanism by which CKI was effective against bladder cancer was further verified in vitro using human bladder cancer cell line T24. Network pharmacology analysis identified 35 active compounds and 268 target genes of CKI. Bioinformatics data indicated 5500 differentially expressed genes associated with bladder cancer. Common genes of CKI and bladder cancer suggested that CKI exerted anti-bladder cancer effects by regulating genes such as MMP-9, JUN, EGFR, and ERK1. Functional enrichment analysis indicated that CKI exerted therapeutic effects on bladder cancer by regulating certain biological processes, including cell proliferation, cell migration, and cell apoptosis. In addition, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis implicated pathways related to cancer, bladder cancer, and the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Consistently, cell experiments indicated that CKI inhibited the proliferation and migration of T24 cells, and induced their apoptosis. Moreover, RT-qPCR and Western blot results demonstrated that CKI was likely to treat bladder cancer by down-regulating the gene and protein expression of MMP-9, JUN, EGFR, and ERK1. CKI inhibited the proliferation and migration, and induced the apoptosis of T24 bladder cancer cells through multiple biological pathways and targets. CKI also exhibited significant effects on the regulation of key genes and proteins associated with bladder cancer. Overall, our findings provide solid evidence and deepen current understanding of the therapeutic effects of CKI for bladder cancer, and further support its clinical use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computational Biology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Network Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 934-940, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881039

ABSTRACT

A contributory role of oxidative stress and protection by antioxidant nutrients have been suspected in cataract formation. Ganoderic acid A (GAA), an effective lanostane triterpene, is widely reported as an antioxidant. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential effects of GAA on cataract formation. After lens epithelial cells (LECs) were exposed to UVB radiation for different periods, cell viability, apoptosis-related protein levels, malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were monitored. We found that cell viability, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio and SOD activity were increased, while Cleaved caspase-3 levels and MDA activity were decreased compared with those in UVB-impaired LECs after GAA treated. Furthermore, GAA activated PI3K/AKT in UVB-impaired LECs and effectively delayed the occurrence of lens opacity in vitro. In conclusion, these findings demonstrated that GAA exhibited protective functions in SRA01/04 cells and rat lenses against UVB-evoked impairment through elevating cell viability and antioxidant activity, inhibiting cell apoptosis, activating the PI3K/AKT pathway and delaying lens opacity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Apoptosis , Cataract/prevention & control , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Epithelial Cells/radiation effects , Heptanoic Acids/pharmacology , Lanosterol/pharmacology , Lens, Crystalline/radiation effects , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 133-136, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695140

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) among people aged 50 years and above in Funing county,Jiangsu province.METHODS:Survey research.Random cluster sampling was used in selecting individuals aged ≥ 50 years in 30 clusters in Funing county.Proportions were compared by using the x2 test and the means compared by using the ttest.Logistic regression was used to detect possible factors of ARMD such as age and gender.RESULTS:A total of 6145 persons aged 50 years were enumerated and 5947 (96.78%) participants were received visual acuity test and eye examination.The prevalence of ARMD was 7.53%,with a total of 448 individuals (633 eyes).The prevalence of blindness and visual impairment for presenting visual acuity were 4.13% and 11.96%,respectively.The prevalence of blindness and visual impairment for presenting visual acuity were 4.45% and 7.79%,respectively.Older were significant risk factors of ARMD (OR=1.01,P=0.04).CONCLUSION:The prevalence of ARMD was higher among people aged 50 years and above in Funing county,Jiangsu province.ARMD is one of the leading cause of visual impairment.

6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 297-303, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689761

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To study the protective effect of lipoic acid (LA) on the spermatogenic function of the male rats with oligoasthenozoospermia induced by ornidazole (ORN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy male SD rats were equally randomized into groups A (solvent control: 1 ml 0.5% CMC-Na + 1 ml olive oil), B (low-dose ORN model: 400 mg/kg ORN suspension + 1 ml olive oil), C (low-dose ORN + low-dose LA treatment: 400 mg/kg ORN + 50 mg/kg LA), D (low-dose ORN + high-dose LA treatment: 400 mg/kg ORN + 100 mg/kg LA), E (high-dose ORN model: 800 mg/kg ORN suspension + 1 ml olive oil), F (high-dose ORN + low-dose LA treatment: 800 mg/kg ORN + 50 mg/kg LA), and G (high-dose ORN + high-dose LA treatment: 800 mg/kg ORN + 100 mg/kg LA), and treated respectively for 20 successive days. Then all the rats were sacrificed and the weights of the body, testis, epididymis and seminal vesicle obtained, followed by calculation of the organ index, determination of epididymal sperm concentration and motility, and observation of the histomorphological changes in the testis and epididymis by HE staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with group A, group E showed significantly decreased body weight ([117.67 ± 11.53] vs [88.11 ± 12.65] g, P < 0.01) and indexes of the testis ([1.06 ± 0.12] vs [0.65 ± 0.13] %, P < 0.01) and epididymis ([0.21 ± 0.03] vs [0.17 ± 0.01] %, P < 0.01). In comparison with group E, group F exhibited remarkable increases in the epididymal index ([0.17 ± 0.01] vs [0.20 ± 0.02] %, P < 0.01), and so did group G in the body weight ([88.11 ± 12.65] vs [102.70 ± 16.10] g, P < 0.05) and the indexes of the testis ([0.65 ± 0.13] vs [0.95 ± 0.06] %, P < 0.01) and epididymis ([0.17 ± 0.01] vs [0.19 ± 0.02] %, P < 0.05), but no obvious difference was observed in the index of seminal vesicle among different groups. Compared with group A, group B manifested significant decreases in sperm motility ([74.12 ± 8.73] vs [40.25 ± 6.08] %, P < 0.01), and so did group E in sperm count ([38.59 ± 6.40] vs [18.67 ± 4.59] ×105/100 mg, P < 0.01) and sperm motility ([74.12 ± 8.73] vs [27.58 ± 8.43] %, P < 0.01). Sperm motility was significantly lower in group B than in C and D ([40.25 ± 6.08] vs [58.13 ± 7.62] and [76.04 ± 8.44]%, P < 0.01), and so were sperm count and motility in group E than in F and G ([18.67 ± 4.59] vs [25.63 ± 9.66] and [29.92 ± 4.15] ×105/100 mg, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01; [27.58 ± 8.43] vs [36.56 ± 11.08] and [45.05 ± 9.59] %, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01). There were no obvious changes in the histomorphology of the testis and epididymis in groups A, B, C and D. Compared with group A, group E showed necrotic and exfoliated spermatogenic cells with unclear layers and disorderly arrangement in the seminiferous tubules and remarkably reduced sperm count with lots of noncellular components in the epididymal cavity, while groups F and G exhibited increased sperm count in the seminiferous tubules and epididymis lumen, also with exfoliation, unclear layers and disorderly arrangement of spermatogenic cells, but significantly better than in group E.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LA can reduce ORN-induced damage to the spermatogenetic function of rats, improve sperm quality, and protect the reproductive system.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Asthenozoospermia , Drug Therapy , Body Weight , Epididymis , Oligospermia , Drug Therapy , Ornidazole , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Seminal Vesicles , Seminiferous Tubules , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatogenesis , Spermatozoa , Testis , Thioctic Acid , Pharmacology
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 491-498, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689703

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the effects of fosfomycin tromethamine (FT) on the expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the prostate tissue of the rats with chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We randomly divided 70 male SD rats into 7 groups of equal number: blank control, CBP model control, positive control, 14 d low-dose FT, 7 d low-dose FT, 14 d high-dose FT, and 7 d high-dose FT. The CBP model rats in the latter five groups were treated intragastrically with levofloxacin at 100 mg/kg/d for 30 days and FT at 200 mg/kg/d for 14 and 7 days and at 300 mg/kg/d for 14 and 7 days, respectively. Then we collected the prostate tissue from the animals for determination of the levels of TNF-α, IL-8 and IL-6 by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the blank controls, the CBP model rats showed significantly increased levels of TNF-α ([19.83 ± 6.1] vs [32.93 ± 6.21] ng/g prot, P <0.01), IL-8 ([8.26 ± 0.52] vs [16.2 ± 2.84] ng/g prot, P <0.01) and IL-6 ([1.55 ± 0.11] vs [2.51 ± 1.06] ng/g prot, P <0.05) in the prostate tissue. In comparison with the CBP model controls, the levels of TNF-α and IL-8 were remarkably decreased in the groups of positive control ([20.54 ± 5.78] ng/g prot, P <0.01; [12.43 ± 4.02] ng/g prot, P <0.05), 14 d low-dose FT ([21.95 ± 6.48] ng/g prot, P <0.01; [11.11 ± 2.86] ng/g prot, P <0.01), 7 d low-dose FT ([23.8 ± 6.93] ng/g prot, P <0.05; [12.43 ± 4.02] ng/g prot, P <0.05), 14 d high-dose FT ([19.97 ± 2.58] ng/g prot, P <0.01; [8.83 ± 1.32] ng/g prot, P <0.01), and 7 d high-dose FT ([21.97 ± 3.38] ng/g prot, P <0.01; [12.68±1.97] ng/g prot, P <0.05). No statistically significant differences were observed between the positive control and FT groups in the contents of TNF-α, IL-8 or IL-6 (P >0.05). The expression of IL-6 was markedly reduced in the 14 d high-dose FT group as compared with the model controls ([1.76 ± 0.46] vs [2.51 ± 1.06] ng/g prot, P<0.05) but exhibited no significant difference between the CBP model control and the other groups (P >0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Fosfomycin tromethamine inhibits the expressions of TNF-α, IL-8 and IL-6 in the prostate tissue, suppresses its inflammatory reaction, promotes the repair of damaged prostatic structure, and thus contributes to the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis in rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Bacterial Infections , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Fosfomycin , Pharmacology , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Metabolism , Levofloxacin , Pharmacology , Prostate , Metabolism , Prostatitis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 717-721, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812889

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of real-time RNA simultaneous amplification and testing (SAT) in the detection of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) in the semen of infertile males and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#We collected semen samples from 542 infertility patients and 120 normal fertile men as controls in the Andrology Clinic of Nanjing General Hospital from March to September 2015. We detected UU infection in the samples using the culture method and SAT technology, respectively.@*RESULTS@#All the UU positive cases (except 4 false positive cases) detected by the culture method were also shown to be positive in SAT. The UU detection rate of SAT was significantly higher than that of the culture method both in the infertility patients (54.1 vs 19.7%, P<0.05) and in the normal controls (42.5 vs 12.5%, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SAT is a rapid and accurate method for detecting UU infection in semen samples, with a higher sensitivity and accuracy than the culture method, and it can also be used to evaluate the therapeutic effects. However, the culture method has its own advantages, such as low requirement of technical equipment, easy operation, and possibility of drug sensitivity test at the same time. Therefore, SAT and the culture method can be used alternatively according to the clinical need.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Andrology , Infertility, Male , Microbiology , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , RNA, Bacterial , Semen , Chemistry , Microbiology , Semen Analysis , Ureaplasma Infections , Diagnosis , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Genetics
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 728-733, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812887

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of Xialiqi Capsules(XLQ) on the expressions of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and caspase-3 in the prostate tissue of the BPH rat model.@*METHODS@#Fifty male SD ratswereequally randomized into groups A (sham operation control), B (BPH model control), C (high-dose XLQ), D (low-dose XLQ), and E (finasteridecontrol) andthe BPH modelswere established by subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate at 0.5 mg per kilogram of the body weight per day for 30 days after castration. After modeling, the animals in groups A and B were treated intragastricallywith normal saline, while those in C, D, and E with XLQ at 1.20 and 0.61 g per kilogram of the body weight per day or finasterideat 0.8 mg per kilogram of the body weight per day, respectively, all for 30 days. Then,the bilateral prostates were harvestedfrom the rats for calculation of the prostatic index (prostate wet weight/ body weight) and determination of the expressions of PCNA and caspase-3 in the prostate tissue by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining, respectively.@*RESULTS@#The prostate wet weight and prostate index were significantly increased in group B as compared with group A, ([1326±60] vs[471±17] g, P<0.01; [2.89±0.18] vs [1.06±0.06] mg/g, P<0.01), but decreased in groups C ([914±36] g;[2.02±0.08] mg/g), D ([1 099±46]g;[2.39±0.11] mg/g), and E ([817±53] g;[1.83±0.10] mg/g)in comparison with B (P<0.01), with statistically significant differences among groups C, D, and E(P<0.01) and most significantly in E.The PCNA level in the prostate tissue wasremarkably higher in group B than in A, but lower in groups C, D and E than in B. The expression of caspase-3 was down-regulatedin group B as compared with A, but up-regulated in groups C, D and E in comparison with B, most significantly in E.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Xialiqi Capsules can effectively reduce the prostate wet weight and prostatic index of in rats with BPH by inhibiting the level of PCNA and promoting the expression of caspase-3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Capsules , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Finasteride , Pharmacology , Orchiectomy , Organ Size , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Prostate , Metabolism , Pathology , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Urological Agents , Pharmacology
10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 82-86, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812804

ABSTRACT

Lipoic acid (LA) is widely present in the body as a disulfide compound with an extensive biological activity and a strong antioxidant capacity. LA plays an antioxidant role by removing oxygen free radicals, chelating metal ions, and regenerating other antioxidants in the body. Recent studies have shown the effects of LA in the prevention or treatment of male reproductive disorders, such as idiopathic oligoasthenozoospermia, diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction and infertility, serious infection in the reproductive system, and reproductive system injuries caused by chemotherapeutic agents, ionizing radiation, environmental toxins, testicular ischemia reperfusion, excessive exercise, and so on.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Antioxidants , Therapeutic Uses , Asthenozoospermia , Drug Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy , Erectile Dysfunction , Drug Therapy , Infertility, Male , Drug Therapy , Oligospermia , Drug Therapy , Oxidative Stress , Thioctic Acid , Physiology , Therapeutic Uses
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 206-211, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812785

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the improving effect of astaxanthin (AST) on the sperm quality of rats with ornidazole (ORN)-induced oligoasthenozoospermiaand its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty adult male SD rats were equally randomized into groups A (solvent control), B (low-dose ORN [400 mg/(kg·d)]), C (high-dose ORN [800 mg/(kg·d)]), D (low-dose ORN [400 mg/(kg·d)] + AST [20 mg/(kg·d)]), and E (high-dose ORN [800 mg/(kg·d)] + AST [20 mg/(kg·d)]), all treated intragastrically for3 weeks.After treatment, the epididymal tails ononeside was taken for determination of sperm concentration and activity, and the epididymideson the other side harvested for measurement of the activities of GSH-Px, GR, CAT and SOD and the MDA contentin the homogenate.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group A, sperm motilityin the epididymal tail andGSH-Px and SOD activities in theepididymiswere markedly decreased while the MDAcontent significantlyincreased in group B (P<0.05), spermmotility and concentrationin the epididymal tail, testisindex, and the activities of GSH-Px, GR, CAT and SOD in the epididymis were remarkably reduced while theMDA contentsignificantly increased in group C(P<0.05). In comparison with group B, group D showed markedly increased sperm motility ([45.3±8.7]% vs [66.3±8.9]%, P<0.05) in the epididymal tail and SOD activity in the epididymis ([116.7±25.3] U/mg prot vs [146.1±23.8] U/mg prot, P<0.05), decreased MDA content([1.68±0.45] nmol/mg prot vs [1.19±0.42] nmol/mg prot, P<0.05).Compared with group C, group Eexhibited significant increases in the weight gained ([89.0±9.5] vs [99.9±4.1] %, P<0.05) and sperm motility ([17.9±3.5]% vs [27.3±5.3] %, P<0.05) but a decrease in the content of MDA ([2.03±0.30] nmol/mg prot vs [1.52±0.41] nmol/mg prot, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AST can improve spermquality in rats with ORN-inducedoligoasthenozoospermia, which may be associated with its enhancing effect on the antioxidant capacity of the epididymis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Asthenozoospermia , Epididymis , Metabolism , Oligospermia , Ornidazole , Oxidative Stress , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Radiation-Sensitizing Agents , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Metabolism , Xanthophylls , Pharmacology
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 52-56, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304750

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the therapeutic effect of Longjintonglin Capsules on type IIIA prostatitis accompanied by abnormal semen liquefaction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We selected 140 patients with type IIIA prostatitis accompanied by abnormal semen liquefaction according to the diagnostic standards of the American Institutes of Health (NIH) and treated them with Longjintonglin Capsules orally 3 capsules once tid for 12 weeks. We obtained the NIH Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Indexes (NIH-CPSI), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome scores, leukocyte count in the expressed prostatic secretion (EPS), semen liquefaction time, and the results of semen analysis and compared these indicators before and after the treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 140 cases, 132 were included in this study, excluding 8 due to their incomplete case histories. Before and after 4, 8 and 12 weeks of medication, the total NIH-CPSI scores were 24.52 ± 5.43, 21.28 ± 4.85, 18.01 ± 4.28, and 14.49 ± 3.65 (P < 0.01), the TCM syndrome scores were 35.63 ± 6.07, 26.66 ± 5.03, 17.37 ± 4.18, and 11.11 ± 3.96 (P < 0.01), and the leukocyte counts (/HP) were 27.50 ± 7.01, 22.38 ± 5.22, 16:76 ± 4.10, and 11.40 ± 4.74 (P < 0.01), respectively. After 12 weeks of treatment, 31 of the patients with type IIIA prostatitis were cured and another 72 well responded, with an overall response rate of 78.0%. Of those with abnormal semen liquefaction, 61 were cured, 39 well responded, and 32 failed to respond, with an overall effectiveness rate of 75.8%. Semen analysis showed significantly increased percentage of progressively motile sperm after 4, 8 and 12 weeks of medication as compared with the baseline (P < 0.01). No abnormal liver or renal function or other adverse reactions were observed during the treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Longjintonglin Capsules, with its advantages of safety, effectiveness and no obvious adverse effects, deserve to be recommended for the treatment of type IIIA prostatitis accompanied by abnormal semen liquefaction.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytotherapy , Prostatitis , Classification , Drug Therapy , Semen , Semen Analysis
13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 834-837, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262285

ABSTRACT

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is a proteasome system widely present in the human body, which is composed of ubiquitin (Ub), ubiquitin activating enzymes (E1), ubiquitin conjugating enzymes (E2), ubiquitin protein ligases (E3), 26S proteasome, and deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) and involved in cell cycle regulation, immune response, signal transduction, DNA repair as well as protein degradation. Sperm DNA is vulnerable to interference or damage in the progression of chromosome association and homologous recombination. Recent studies show that UPS participates in DNA repair in spermatogenesis by modulating DNA repair enzymes via ubiquitination, assisting in the identification of DNA damage sites, raising damage repair-related proteins, initiating the DNA repair pathway, maintaining chromosome stability, and ensuring the normal process of spermatogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cell Cycle Proteins , Physiology , DNA Damage , DNA Repair , Physiology , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Physiology , Signal Transduction , Physiology , Spermatogenesis , Physiology , Spermatozoa , Ubiquitin , Physiology , Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes , Physiology , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Physiology , Ubiquitination
14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 283-286, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642515

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the functional changes of stunned myocardium before and after coronary artery bypass graft(CABG) treatment,and clear the meaning of revascularization which CABG has brought to patients with diffused vascular changes.MethodsA total of 36 patients with 99% diffused coronary artery stenosis in left anterior descending branch underwent non-pump CABG treatment in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery the First affiliated hospital of Harbin Medical University.Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) was repeatedly performed 1 week before operation and 10 days,1 month,and 3 months after CABG.Regional diastolic volumes,systolic volumes,ejection fractions,regional stroke volume to global diastolic volume and the values of abnormal segments before and after CABG were studied.ResultsOne week before operation and 10 days,1 month and 3 months after CABG,the differences of volumes between groups in the last phases of diastole and systolic were statistically significant in anterior wall basement segment,anterior septal basement segment,anterior wall intercalary segment,anterior septal intercalary segment,anterior wall of apex cordis and septation of apex cordis(F =3.51,3.55,4.08,4.05,2.98,3.01,all P < 0.05; F =4.51,4.55,4.08,3.00,2.96,2.99,all P < 0.05).The values of the six segments mentioned above,3 months after operation[(6.74 ± 1.23),(6.64 ± 1.21),(6.02 ± 1.10),(5.95 ± 1.09),(5.82 ± 1.06),(5.10 ± 0.93)ml; (2.74 ± 0.50),(2.69 ± 0.49),(2.51 ± 0.46),(2.32 ± 0.42),(2.36 ± 0.43),(2.03 ± 0.37)ml] were compared with those of 1 week before operation[(8.33 ± 1.52),(8.20 ± 1.50),(7.43 ± 1.36),(7.36 ± 1.34),(7.19 ± 1.31),(6.29 ± 1.15)ml; (4.94 ± 0.90),(4.85 ± 0.88),(4.53 ± 0.83),(4.18 ± 0.76),(4.25 ± 0.78 ),(3.65 ± 0.67)ml],the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05); the differences between groups in regional ejection fractions,regional-global ejection fractions were statistically significant(F =4.56,4.88,4.28,3.15,2.93,2.88,P < 0.01 or < 0.05; F =5.56,5.28,4.98,5.15,3.03,2.78,P < 0.01 or < 0.05).Compared with 1 week before the operation, 1 month after the operation in regional ejection fractions,10 days,1 month in regionalglobal ejection fractions after the operation,4 segments of them were significantly improved(all P < 0.05) and 3 months after operation,all the 6 segments had been improved significantly(all P < 0.05).The maximum volume of the sum of group difference of the 6 segments and the 4 segments in the last phase of diastole was statistically significant(F =2.58,5.81,P < 0.05 or < 0.01 ),and the summation began to decrease 10 days after the operation.The values of 3 months after operation[ (36.27 ± 1.10),(25.35 ± 1.16)ml] were compared with that of 1 week before operation[ (44.80 ± 1.36),(31.32 ± 1.43)ml ] the difference was statistically significant (all P< 0.05).The maximum volume summafion comparisons of 6 segments and 4 segments in the last phase of systolic had statistical significance(F =5.77,5.57,all P < 0.01 ),and 10 days after the operation,the summation began to decrease.The values of 1 month[(16.4 0 ± 0.48),(11.58 ±0.51 )ml],and 3 months after operation[ (14.65 ± 0.45),(10.26 ± 0.46)ml],were compared with those of 1 week before operation[ (26.40 ± 0.80),(18.50 ± 0.84)ml],the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).ConclusionsStunned myocardium can be improved through CABG in myocardium systolic,diastole function and ejection fractions of the relevant segments and all of this have proved that patients undergoing CABG revascularization can improve the heart function of the ischemic area.

15.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1264-1270, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309282

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of the scalp acupuncture at Baihui (DU20) through Qubin (GB7) on the expressions of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the brain tissue of rats with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (AICH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 150 healthy male Wistar rats were used to prepare the intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) model. They were randomly divided into the model group, the acupuncture group, and the Western medicine group, 50 in each group. Rats in each group were then randomly divided into five subgroups, i. e., 6 h, day 1, day 2, day 3, and day 7, 10 in each subgroup. Another 10 normal rats were recruited as the blank control group. Rats in the acupuncture group were acupunctured at Baihui (DU20) through Qubin (GB7) on the lesion side. Rats in the Western medicine group were administered with aniracetam diluent 1 mL by gastrogavage, 3 times daily. Rats in the model group were bound the same way as those in the acupuncture group 30 min daily, and then administered with normal saline 1 mL by gastrogavage, 3 times daily. The expressions of GDNF and VEGF in the brain tissue of the rats in each group were detected using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the blank control group, the number of GDNF positive cells in the model group increased at 6 h-3 days, and the number of VEGF positive cells in the model group increased at each time point, showing statistical difference (P<0.01). The numbers of GDNF positive cells increased in the acupuncture group at each time point, showing statistical difference when compared with those of the model group and the Western medicine group (P<0.01). There was no statistical difference between the model group and the Western medicine group at each time point (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, the number of VEGF positive cells in the acupuncture group decreased at 6 h -3 days. The VEGF positive cells increased at day 7 and were higher than that of the Western medicine group, showing statistical difference (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The scalp acupuncture at Baihui (DU20) through Qubin (GB7) played the role of nerves remodeling in AICH possibly through promoting the expression of endogenous GDNF and early inhibiting the expression of VEGF in the AICH. This method possibly had favorable bidirectional regulation effects in AICH. Its therapeutic effects were superior to Aniracetam.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Metabolism , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Pyrrolidinones , Therapeutic Uses , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 2061-2066, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265718

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility and safety of adult-to-adult living-related donor liver transplantation using a right lobe graft.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 2 cases of living-related donor liver transplantation performed between July, 2010 and November, 2010 were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Liver transplantation was performed using a right lobe graft including the middle hepatic vein in one case and a right lobe graft without the middle hepatic vein in the other. The ratio of graft volume to standard liver volume was 46.2% and 47.3% in the two cases, with GR/WR of 0.83 and 0.80, and donor residue liver of 42.1% and 39.5%, respectively. The donor operation lasted for 6.5 h and 5 h in the two cases with blood loss of about 200-250 ml without blood transfusion. The donors recovered uneventfully without any surgical complications, whose liver function was normal 7 days after the operation, and were discharged 14 days and 16 days after the surgery, respectively. The recipient operation lasted for 8 h and 7 h with blood loss of about 800-1000 ml. The right hepatic vein, hepatic artery, portal vein and bile duct reconstruction were performed by end-to-end anastomoses in the 2 recipients. Bile duct anastomosis stricture occurred in the first recipient 2 months after transplantation and was treated with percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and drainage. The second recipient recovered smoothly without any complications. The recipients have so far survived 9 months and 5 months, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Adult-to-adult living-related donor liver transplantation is a safe and effective option for treatment of end-stage liver diseases in the context of cadaveric liver graft shortage.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hepatectomy , Liver Cirrhosis , General Surgery , Liver Neoplasms , General Surgery , Liver Transplantation , Methods , Living Donors , Retrospective Studies
17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1034-1038, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235203

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the short-term outcomes of patients receiving orthopedic surgery with posterior pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar scoliosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between March, 2006 and August, 2009, 36 patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis (19 males and 17 females) underwent procedures of decompression, bone implantation and pedicle screw fixation. Fifteen patients were also treated by PLIF and 21 cases received posterior-lateral fusion. The JOA scores, Oswestry disability index (ODI), and Cobb angle were recorded before and after the operation, and the surgical complications were also observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The JOA scores increased significantly by 83.3% after the operation (P<0.05). The procedures resulted in significantly lowered ODI from (67.1∓11.4)% before the operation to (32.1∓10.8)% after the operation (P<0.01). A significant improvement of the coronal Cobb's angle was achieved after the operation (26.7° preoperatively vs 12.3° postoperatively, P<0.01), and the lordosis angle was improved from 10.7° to 36.6° after the operation (P<0.01). All the patients were followed up for 12 to 50 months (mean 38 months), and no implant loosening, displacement or fragmentation, or pseudarthrosis was found at the final follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Posterior pedicle screw fixation shows good short-term therapeutic effect in treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis. Individualized surgical plans and adequate preoperative evaluation are keys to successful operations.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Screws , Decompression, Surgical , Methods , Lumbar Vertebrae , Pathology , Orthopedic Procedures , Methods , Scoliosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1012-1014, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290006

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the experience of donor liver procurement and preparation in liver transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty-six cases of donor liver and kidney procurement and 105 cases of donor liver preparation from August, 2004 to December, 2006 were analyzed. The 105 donor liver grafts were all used for orthotopic liver transplantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The warm ischemia time of the graft ranged from 1 to 8.5 min with a mean of 4 min. The time of graft procurement ranged from 19 to 28 min (mean 22.5 min). Donor liver preparation lasted for 38 to 102 min in the 105 cases, with a mean of 51 min. The cold ischemia time of the donor liver was 5.5 to 13 h (mean 8 h). Anatomical variations were identified in 8 of the donor liver grafts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Cold perfusion of the donor liver and repair of the hepatic artery are important procedures in donor liver procurement and preparation. Hemorrhage due to the donor graft should be prevented and the procedures should be performed in close cooperation with the recipient operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Liver Transplantation , Organ Preservation , Methods , Tissue Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Methods
19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1420-1422, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268742

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the experience with orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis of 105 cases of liver transplantation in our hospital was carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the 105 OLT operations were performed successfully and the operation time ranged from 210-350 min (mean 250 min), with anhepatic phase ranging from 35-65 min (mean 53.5 min) and blood transfusion during operation ranging from 0-6600 ml (mean 400 ml). Ninety-five patients recovered smoothly while the rest 10 died, with the success rate of OLT of 90.5%. Postoperative complications included biliary tract complication (12 cases, 11.4%) and abdominal bleeding (6 cases).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Reducing hemorrhage during operation is the most important factor to ensure successful OLT. Thorough hemostasis during operation and sufficient blood supply to the bile duct can significantly reduce postoperative bile duct complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Liver Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2898-2902, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266019

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Pachymic acid (PA), a natural triterpenoid, is known to significantly reduce cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in vitro through initiation of mitochondria dysfunction. However, its effect on immune cells and anti-rejection following organ transplantation remains unknown.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this study, we investigated PA as a treatment to control acute rejection occurred in rats which had accepted cardiac transplantation. We measured apoptosis of peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBLs), and CD4(+) lymphocyte, as well as the number of CD4(+) and CD8(+) lymphocytes and the effect of PA on acute rejection in rats 7 days after cardiac transplantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PA treatment might decrease allograft rejection, protect PBLs from apoptosis, and reduce the percentage of CD8(+) lymphocyte. PA neither regulated the number nor the apoptosis rate of CD4(+) lymphocyte.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our findings indicated that PA has an anti-apoptotic effect acting on PBLs through a novel mechanism involving stabilization of the PBLs mitochondrial transmembrane potential, an anti-rejection effect in rats after cardiac transplantation and an inhibiting effect to CD8(+) lymphocyte.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis , Graft Rejection , Drug Therapy , Heart Transplantation , Lymphocytes , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Transplantation, Homologous , Triterpenes , Therapeutic Uses
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