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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 436-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical safety and feasibility of overlapped delta-shaped anastomosis (ODA) in totally laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (TLRHC). Methods: From May 2017 to October 2019, of the 219 patients who underwent TLRHC at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, 104 cases underwent ODA (ODA group) and 115 cases underwent conventional extracorporeal anastomosis (control group) were compared the surgical outcomes, postoperative recovery, pathological outcomes and perioperative complications. Results: The length of the skin incision in the ODA group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(5.6±0.9) cm vs. (7.1±1.7) cm, P<0.05], and the time to first flatus and first defecation after surgery in the ODA group was significantly earlier than that in the control group [(1.7±0.7) days vs. (2.0±0.7) days; (3.2±0.6) days vs. (3.3±0.7) days, P<0.05]. While the anastomosis time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, the time of first ground activities, the number of bowel movements within 12 days after surgery, postoperative hospital stay, tumor size, the distal and proximal margins, the number of lymph node harvested and postoperative TNM stage in the ODA group did not differ from that of the control group (P>0.05). The postoperative complication rates of patients in the ODA group and the control group were 3.8% (4/104) and 4.3% (5/115), respectively, and the difference was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The application of ODA technology in TLRHC can significantly shorten thelength of skin incisionand the recovery time of bowel function, and can obtain satisfactory short-term efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colectomy/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Feasibility Studies , Gastrointestinal Tract/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 73-78, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935184

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is one of the common malignant tumors in China, and its incidence is increasing with years. As the second most common metastatic site of colorectal cancer, peritoneum is difficult to diagnose early and with a poor prognosis. Systemic intravenous chemotherapy was used as the main treatment strategy for peritoneal metastasis in the past, but its systemic toxic and side effects were obvious, and it could not effectively control tumor progression. In recent years, the continuous development of surgical techniques, concepts, and equipment, as well as the introduction of new chemotherapy drugs and targeted drugs have significantly improved the quality of life and prognosis of patients with peritoneal metastasis of colorectal cancer. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) can effectively eradicated the intraperitoneal free cancer cells and subclinical lesions, while reducing systemic side effects of chemotherapy drugs, and achieve the radical cure of the tumor at the macro and micro levels to the greatest extent. It has been used as the first-line treatment program for peritoneal metastasis of colorectal cancer at home and abroad. This article focuses on the analysis and summary of the survival efficacy, prognostic factor analysis, and chemotherapy safety of CRS+ HIPEC in the treatment of colorectal cancer peritoneal metastasis. The existing problems and controversies of HIPEC therapy are discussed simultaneously.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Hyperthermia, Induced , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy , Peritoneal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Peritoneum , Prognosis , Quality of Life , Survival Rate
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1385-1390, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969799

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety, feasibility and short-term efficacy of total laparoscopic loop ileostomy reversal in patients after resection of rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 20 patients who underwent total laparoscopic loop ileoscopic loop ileostomy after radical resection of rectal cancer at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, or Beijing Chaoyang District Sanhuan Cancer Hospital from October 2019 to June 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results: All patients had successfully underwent total laparoscopic ileostomy reversal without conversion to open surgery or discontinued operation. No perioperative related death cases were found. In the whole group, the median operation time was 97 (60-145) minutes and the median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-100) milliliters. The median Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score was 1.9 (1-5) one day after the operation. Nobody needed to use additional analgesic drugs. The median time to grand activities was 25 (16-42) hours, the median time to flatus was 44 (19-51) hours, and the median hospitalization after operation was 6.9 (5-9) days. No patients underwent operation related complications such as operative incision infection, abdominal and pelvic infection, intestinal obstruction, anastomotic leakage, bleeding and so on. Conclusions: Total laparoscopic loop ileostomy reversal appears to be safe, feasible and with promising efficacy for selected patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ileostomy , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Anastomotic Leak , Anastomosis, Surgical
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 433-439, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942906

ABSTRACT

Objective: At present, though the laparoscopic delta-shaped anastomosis and overlapping delta-shaped anastomosis have been gradually applied to complete laparoscopic radical resection of left hemicolon cancer, the comparative evaluation of their efficacy has not been mentioned in the published literatures. This study aims to explore the safety, feasibility and short-term efficacy of overlapping delta-shaped anastomosis (ODA) in totally laparoscopic left hemicolectomy. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. The clinical and pathological data of patients who underwent totally laparoscopic left hemicolectomy at Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College from May 2017 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The case inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age of 18-75 years; (2) body mass index (BMI) of 18.5-30 kg/m(2); (3) descending colonic and proximal sigmoid colonic adenocarcinoma was confirmed by preoperative colonoscopy and pathology. The exclusion criteria: (1) multiple primary colorectal cancers; (2) uncontrolled or poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, immune system diseases, or hematological diseases; (3) severe intestinal obstruction; (4) left transverse colonic or splenic flexure colonic adenocarcinoma; (5) distant metastasis of liver, lung and other viscera determined by enhanced computed tomography in the chest, abdomen and pelvis. According to the above criteria, a total of 115 patients with left hemicolon cancer were enrolled. All the patients underwent totally laparoscopic left hemicolectomy. Patients who underwent laparoscopic traditional delta-shaped anastomosis were selected as the control group. Patients who underwent laparoscopic ODA were selected as the ODA group. Effects of these two laparoscopic reconstruction methods on postoperative recovery and perioperative complications were analyzed and compared. Results: A total of 60 patients were enrolled in the ODA group, including 32 males and 28 females, with mean age of (57.3±10.4) years and body mass index (BMI) of (25.0±3.1) kg/m(2). While mean 55 patients were enrolled in the control group, including 31 males and 24 females, with mean age of (56.7±9.9) years and BMI of (24.4±2.9) kg/m(2). There was no statistically significant differences between the two groups in gender, age, BMI, American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) classification, TNM staging, preoperative abdominal surgery history, neoadjuvant chemotherapy and nutritional status (levels of hemoglobin, lymphocyte count, prealbumin, and albumin) (all P>0.05). All the patients in both groups received R0 resection without conversion to open laparotomy or conversion to extra-abdominal anastomosis. The digestive tract reconstruction time of the ODA group was significantly shorter than that of the control group [(15.1±1.7) minutes vs. (15.9±2.4) minutes, t=-2.053, P=0.042]. There were no statistically significant differences in the total operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of skin incision, tumor size, proximal and distal margins, harvested lymph nodes, postoperative first ambulatory time, and postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). However, the time to the first flatus and the first defecation in the ODA group was significantly shorter as compared to control group [(1.5±0.5) days vs. (1.7±0.5) days, t=-2.028, P=0.045; (3.1±0.6) days vs. (3.4±0.7) days, t=-2.095, P=0.039], indicating faster intestinal function recovery in patients with ODA. The morbidity of postoperative complication was 6.7% (4/60) in the ODA group and 7.3% (4/55) in the control group and no significant difference was found (χ(2)=0.016, P=0.898). Two cases of incision infection, 1 case of lung infection, and 1 case of intra-abdominal infection occurred in the ODA group, while 3 cases of lung infection and 1 case of intra-abdominal infection occurred in the control group. All these complications were resolved after conservative treatment, and no secondary operation was performed due to complications. Conclusion: Compared with the traditional delta-shaped anastomosis, ODA is associated with a faster recovery of postoperative intestinal function without increasing the morbidity of postoperative complications, and has the satisfactory short-term efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical , Colectomy , Laparoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 65-68, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773801

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of 6-week intensive training on renal function in rats and the mechanism of exercise-induced proteinuria.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six male SD rats, aged 6 weeks, were divided into two groups, including a control group(C,=12)and an overtraining group(M,=24). After the rats adapted to feeding for 4 d, group C did not carry out any exercise, and the M group did 6-week of increasing load swimming, 6 days a week, once a day. Started with the load of 1%weight at the beginning of the 4 week,and gradually increased (to 6% weight). Took a single urine from both groups 30 min after the end of the training. Blood was taken from the main ventral vein, and the bilateral kidneys were to be tested. The levels of tested urine protein, microalbumin and neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin(NGAL) was determined by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assaytest. The content of urine creatinine was tested with alkaline picric acid method,. The serum levels of colorimetric method to determine serum creatinine and urea nitrogen were determined by colorimetric method. The expression of Nephrin in renal tissue was detected by Western blot and the radioimmunoassay was used to test serum testosterone, corticosterone and renin-angiotensin system related index.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group C, the serum testosterone/cortisone(T/C) of group M was decreased significantly (<0.01). The urine total protein(TP), microalbumin (mAlb), microalbumin/creatinine (mAlb/CRE), NGAL, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine(SCr) were increased significantly (<0.01). The abnormality of glomerular structure was obvious, and the paller scores were higher. The protein expression of Nephrin was obviously down decreased (<0.01). The renin activity (Ra) and angiotension Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ) in renal and circulating blood were decreased significantly (<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effects of 6-week intensive training on renal function in rats and the mechanism of exercise-induced proteinuria may be that overtraining can induce the continuous excitation of Reninrenin activity in renal and circulating blood, down-regulated the expression of Nephrin, lead to abnormality of renal structure and function, and proteinuria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Corticosterone , Blood , Creatinine , Blood , Kidney , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Proteinuria , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Renin-Angiotensin System , Testosterone , Blood
6.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 445-449, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773763

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of aerobic exercise combined with chlorella pyrenoidos of disintegrated cell wall on the lipid metabolism in rats with high-fat diet.@*METHODS@#Fifty-five male Wistar rats were subjected to adaptive feeding for 4 days and weight-free swimming training for 3 days, 20 min/d. After eliminating 5 rats that were not suitable for swimming training, the other rats were randomly divided into 5 groups according to their body weight:control group (C group), high fat diet group (H group), high-fat diet + chlorella group(HC group), high fat diet + aerobic exercise group (HM group), high fat diet + chlorella + aerobic exercise group (HMC group), 10 in each group. The HM and HMC group were subjected to 60 min/d swimming training for 6 weeks with non-weight-bearing. Group C were fed regular diet. The other groups were fed with high-fat diet, the rats in group HC and HMC were intragastrically treated with chlorella pyrenoidos of disintegrated cell wall at the dose of 3.9 g/(kg·d), the volume was 5 ml/kg, and the other groups are given equivalent saline. The Lee's index and biochemical indexes of blood and liver were measured after 6 weeks.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group C, Lee's index, serum levels of free fatty acids(FFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), liver FFA and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were increased significantly (<0.01), the serum level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) was decreased significantly (<0.01) in group H. Compared with group H, Lee's index, serum FFA, IL-6, TNF-α, TC, TG, LDL-c, liver FFA and IL-10 were decreased significantly (<0.05 or <0.01), serum level of HDL-c was increased significantly (<0.05 or <0.01) in group HC, HM and HMC. Compared with group HC and HM, Lee's index, serum FFA, IL-6, TNF-α, TC, TG, LDL-c, liver FFA and IL-10 were decreased significantly (<0.05), serum level of HDL-c was increased significantly (<0.05) in group HMC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Aerobic exercise and chlorella pyrenoidos of disintegrated cell wall can improve lipid metabolism in rats with high-fat diet and reduce the lipid toxicity caused by obesity. Joint intervention is more effective than single intervention.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cell Wall , Chlorella , Diet, High-Fat , Lipid Metabolism , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Rats, Wistar
7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 513-518, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776581

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects and mechanisms of curcumin alleviating oxidative stress induced by overtraining and inhibiting renal apoptosis in rats.@*METHODS@#Male Wistar rats of 7 weeks old were divided into control group (C group, 12), overtraining group (OM group, 11), curcumin + overtraining group (COM group, 14). Group C did not undergo any exercise intervention. Rats in OM group and COM group underwent 8-week incremental load swimming training. During the training, the COM group was treated with curcumin at the dose of 200 mg/(kg·d) in the volume as 5 ml/kg by intragastric administration, and the other groups was treated with an equal volume of 0.5% carboxymethylcellulose. Twenty-four hours after the last training, renal histopathological changes were observed by light microscopy, related biochemical indicators in blood and renal tissue were detected.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that after 8 weeks of incremental load swimming training, the renal tissue structure of group C was normal under light microscope; histopathological changes were observed in OM group; COM group was significantly relieved compared with OM group. Compared with group C, serum levels of corticosterone (Cor), creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in OM group were increased (0.05), while the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was decreased (<0.05), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were decreased (<0.01), malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration was increased (<0.01); the renal apoptosis was increased (<0.01), the expression of anti-apoptotic B cell lymphoma-2 protein (Bcl-2) was decreased (<0.01), and the expression of proapoptotic Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) was increased (<0.01). Compared with the OM group, Cor level was decreased (<0.01) in the COM group, T level was increased (<0.01), Cr and BUN levels were lower (<0.05); the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 were increased (<0.05), T-AOC and SOD activity were increased (<0.01), MDA concentration was decreased (<0.05); the renal apoptosis was decreased (<0.05), the expression of Bcl-2 was increased (<0.05), and the expression of Bax was decreased (<0.01). The trend of testosterone/corticosterone ratio between groups was consistent with testosterone change, and the change trend of Bcl-2/Bax ratio was consistent with the change of Bcl-2.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 8-week incremental load swimming training triggered excessive training in rats, aggravated oxidative stress and accelerated renal apoptosis, leading to pathological changes and dysfunction of kidney. Curcumin can up-regulate expression of Nrf2 and HO-1, effectively alleviates oxidative stress induced by overtraining, thereby increasing Bcl-2 expression, decreasing Bax expression, inhibiting renal apoptosis and protecting renal tissue structure and function properly.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis , Curcumin , Kidney , Oxidative Stress , Rats, Wistar
8.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 468-474, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349577

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>Preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT), followed by total mesorectal excision, has become the standard of care for patients with clinical stages II and III rectal cancer. Patients with pathologic complete response (pCR) to preoperative CRT have been reported to have better outcomes than those without pCR. However, the factors that predict the response to neoadjuvant CRT have not been well defined. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of clinical parameters on the development of pCR after neoadjuvant chemoradiation for rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 323 consecutive patients from a single institution who had clinical stage II or III rectal cancer and underwent a long-course neoadjuvant CRT, followed by curative surgery, between 2005 and 2013 were included. Patients were divided into two groups according to their responses to neoadjuvant therapy: the pCR and non-pCR groups. The clinical parameters were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses, with pCR as the dependent variable.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 323 patients, 75 (23.2%) achieved pCR. The two groups were comparable in terms of age, sex, body mass index, tumor stage, tumor location, tumor differentiation, radiation dose, and chemotherapy regimen. On multivariate analysis, a pretreatment carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level of ≤ 5 ng/mL [odds ratio (OR) = 2.170, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.195-3.939, P = 0.011] and an interval of >7 weeks between the completion of chemoradiation and surgical resection (OR = 2.588, 95% CI = 1.484-4.512, P = 0.001) were significantly associated with an increased rate of pCR.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The pretreatment CEA level and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy-surgery interval were independent clinical predictors for achieving pCR. These results may help clinicians predict the prognosis of patients and develop adaptive treatment strategies.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Chemoradiotherapy , Multivariate Analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 63-66, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284237

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the outcomes of simultaneous liver resection for patients who have primary colorectal cancer with synchronous hepatic metastases to see if there is any advantage for doing so.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the medical records (1999 - 2009) of 53 consecutive patients with synchronously recognized primary colorectal carcinoma and hepatic metastases who underwent simultaneous (40 patients) or two-stage (13 patients) colonic and hepatic resections performed at our hospital.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no thirty-day mortality in both groups. The two groups had significant differences in mean operation duration [(212.9 ± 72.3) min vs. (326.5 ± 140.2) min, P = 0.014], mean blood loss [(337.5 ± 298.0) ml vs. (594.6 ± 430.5) ml, P = 0.020], post-operative hospital stay [(16.2 ± 8.1) day vs. (25.8 ± 8.5) day, P = 0.001]. The incidence rates of post-operative complications were 25.0% (10/40) and 53.8% (7/13), respectively, in the two groups (P = 0.053). The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rates in the simultaneous resection group were 95.0%, 57.0% and 37.4%, respectively, with a median overall survival of 40.0 months and median disease-free survival of 14.0 months. The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rates in the two-stage resection group were 92.3%, 58.7% and 36.7%, respectively, with a median overall survival of 38.0 months and median disease-free survival of 13.0 months. There were no significant differences between the two groups in respect of their survivals (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Simultaneous colectomy and hepatectomy are safe and efficient for colorectal cancer patients who have synchronous colorectal liver metastases, with less complications and blood loss, and shorter hospital stay compared with the two-stage resection.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Blood Loss, Surgical , Colectomy , Methods , Colonic Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatectomy , Methods , Length of Stay , Liver Neoplasms , General Surgery , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Rectal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 969-973, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283999

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the change characteristics of cell differentiation antigen (CD) on bone marrow (BM) granulocytes in patients,with megaloblastic anemia (MA). In combination with BM cell morphology, hemogram, level of blood serum folic acid, level of Vit B(12), cell genetics and biological examination data, the BM granulocytes differentiation antigens in 13 patients with MA were detected by flow cyto metry and analyzed retrospectively, in order to summarize the variation characteristics of CD13, CD33 and CD15 expressed on myeloid cells in patient with MA, including forward scatter light (FSC) and side scatter light (SSC) signal intensity, then these findings were compared with that in normal healthy persons. The results showed that the expression rates of CD13, CD15 and CD33 on granulocytic in patients with MA and normal healthy persons were (44.53 ± 16)%, (96.16 ± 2.67)%, (80.81 ± 14.71)% and (62.33 ± 11.02)%, (99.53 ± 0.46)%, (70.00 ± 7.81)% respectively, in which the expression rate of CD13 and CD15 in patients with MA decreased (P < 0.01), while the expression rate of CD33 increased (P < 0.01). The mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD13, CD15, CD33, SSC and FSC in MA patients and normal healthy persons were 3.39 ± 1.41, 14.29 ± 6.59, 1.95 ± 0.94, 478.78 ± 70.43, 633.46 ± 75.53 and 5.12 ± 1.15, 20.67 ± 5.13, 1.04 ± 0.17, 332.00 ± 38.16, 537.00 ± 16.70 respectively, in which the MFI of CD13 and CD15 on granulocytes in MA patients decreased (P < 0.01),while the MFI of FSC,SSC and CD33 increased (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05). It is concluded that not only the morphology of BM granulocytes in patents with MA shows dysmaturity, but the expressing feature of differentiation antigens on BM granulocytes in MA patients also displays dysmaturity.These findings will contribute to the clinical diagnosis of MA patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anemia, Megaloblastic , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Granulocytes , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1015-1020, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283990

ABSTRACT

There are many evidences that dendritic cells (DC) can establish and maintain immunological tolerance through inducing the differentiation of regulatory T cells Treg. This study was purposed to explore the possibility to gene-rate Treg from bone marrow-derived DC (BM-DC) or spleen-derived DC (spDC) generated CD4(+) CD25(+) FOXP3(+) Treg by induction. Bone marrow immature DC (imDC) induced from bone marrow precursor cells of C57BL/6 mice by GM-CSF and IL-4; after culture for 6 day, imDC were stimulated by LPS for additional 16 hours and the mature DC (mDC) have been got; the spDC were collected from spleen of C57BL/6 mice by MACS. Co-culturing fresh BALB/c mouse CD4(+) T cells with these three sorts of DC above mentioned respectively was performed to generate CD4(+) CD25(+) FOXP3(+) Treg. The expression of FOXP3 in CD4(+) T cells was detected by flow cytometry, and the capacity of different DC generated CD4(+) CD25(+) FOXP3(+) Treg was evaluated. The results showed that stimulated by C57BL/6 immature or mature DC, the positive rate of FOXP3 in BALB/c CD4(+) T cells increased from (8.57 ± 1.14)% to (15.80 ± 1.35)%, (17.93 ± 1.45)% respectively (P < 0.01); while stimulated by spDC, the positive rate of FOXP3 in BALB/c CD4(+) T cells decreased from (8.57 ± 1.14)% to (3.95 ± 0.79)% (P < 0.05). It is concluded that the BM-DC but not spDC can generate Treg from CD4(+) T cells, BM-DC may mediate immune tolerance rather than the immune response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Dendritic Cells , Cell Biology , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Spleen , Cell Biology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology
12.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 25-29, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860511

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Epimedium davidii on the content of testosterone, substance metabolism and anti-fatigue ability of rats. METHODS: High-intensity endurance training rat model was used. Fifty 6-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups, with 15 in each group(the rats which did not meet the requirement were removed): still ig water group (C group), exercise ig water group (T group), and exercise ig Epimedium davidii group (TM group). Gavage was performed using professional device once a day. The rats in TM group were administered at a dose of 5 g · kg-1 with ig volume of 5 mL · kg-1. The rats in C and T groups were given saline of same volume. After 42 d of exhaustive swimming training, body weight, swimming time and serum testosterone and other biochemical markers were measured. RESULTS: The body weights of the rats in TM group were greater than those in T group (P < 0.05), and the swimming time was longer than T group (P < 0.01). Exhaustive swimming led to decreased serum testosterone, for which T group decreased by 28.85% more than C group(P < 0.01). Compared with T group, TM group increased by 28.21% (P < 0.01)in serum testosterone; the serum corticosterone levels in each group showed no significant differences, and the serum testosterone/corticosterone ratios changed in line with testosterone; liver glycogen and muscle glycogen reserves decreased. Compared with C group, the T groups glycogen decreased by 26.40% (P < 0.01), muscle glycogen decreased by 54.83% (P < 0.01). Compared with T group, TM group had 20.68% higher liver glycogen(P < 0.05) and 82.76% higher muscle glycogen(P < 0.01); FSH had no significant difference; blood urea increased and hemoglobin decreased compared with C group. Blood urea of T group increased by 66.32% (P < 0.01), and the hemoglobin decreased by 35.89% (P < 0.01); compared with T group, TM group had 27.85% lower blood urea (P < 0.01) and 41.23% higher hemoglobin (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Epimedium davidii can alleviate the impact of high-intensity exercise on serum testosterone, and maintain it at normal physiological level; it can also promote protein synthesis, inhibit degradation of amino acid and protein, and increase hemoglobin and glycogen reserves in rats receiving exercise training. Copyright 2013 by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

13.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1684-1688, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860219

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo on the rats substance metabolism and anti-exercise fatigue capacity in the exercise training. METHODS: High-intensity endurance training rat was as a model. Divided the 6-week-old male (42 d age) Wistar rats 55 into 5 groups of 10 (removed the rats, which are not meeting the requirement): still group (group C), exercise group (group T), exercise ig low-dose Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo group of (group TML), exercise ig middle-dose of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo group (group TMM), exercise ig high-dose of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo group (group TMH). Gavage using professional device ig once a day, group TML, Group TMM, group TMH ig dose was 1.5, 3, 4. 5 g · kg-1 · d-1, the ig volume 5 mL · kg-1, Group C and group T were added to ig the same amount of saline. For 24 h after the last training, measured weight, exhaustive swimming time, Hemoglobin and other biochemical markers. RESULTS: The TM each weight no significant differences, and greater than the group T(P < 0.05) less than group C(P < 0.05). TM swimming time is longer than the group C and group T(P < 0.01), and the dose increased and extended. Prolonged exhaustive exercise lead to liver glycogen, muscle glycogen reserves decreased(group T(P < 0.01), groups TM(P < 0.05) lower than in group C. TM each group of liver glycogen [P < 0.05), inositol the original (P < 0.01] higher than the group T, no significant differences between each group of the TM, with the dose increase and higher). In addition, blood urea nitrogen rise[group T(P < 0.01) and groups TM(P < 0.05) blood urea nitrogen higher than in group C. Groups TM is lower than the group T(P < 0.05), TM each non-significant difference]. Hemoglobin decreased [group T(P < 0.01), groups TM(P < 0.05) lower than in group C. Groups TM is higher than the group T(P < 0.05), no significant difference between the TM each]. CONCLUSION: Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo supplement can promote protein synthesis, inhibition of amino acid and protein degradation, thereby increasing the hemoglobin content and glycogen reserves, enhanced resistance to fatigue, it has a multi-target, multi-channel features.

14.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1035-1038, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Herba Cistanches on the content of testosterone, substance metabolism and the ability of resisting exercise-induced fatigue of rats. METHODS: High-intensity endurance trained rats were used as the model. Sixty-five 7-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups, with 15 in each group: still ig administration of water group (C group), still igadministration of Cistanche group (M group), exercise ig administration of water group (T group), and exercise ig administration of Cistanche group (TM group). Gavage was done using professional device once a day. M and TM group were dosed at 6.01 g · kg-1 with volume of 5 mL · kg-1, while C and T group were given saline of the same volume. After 42 d exhaustive swimming training, body weight, swimming time, serum testosterone, and other biochemical markers were measured. RESULTS: The body weights and swimming time of the rats in TM group were greater than those in T group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Exhaustive swimming led to decreased serum testosterone. The serum testosterone levels of T group decreased by 40.53% (P<0.01) compared with C group. Compared with T group, the serum testosterone levels of TM group increased by 44.35% (P<0.01). The serum corticosterone levels in each group showed no significant differences, and the serum testosterone/corticosterone ratios changed in line with changes of testosterone. Liver glycogen and muscle glycogen reserves failed. Compared with C group, T group's glycogen decreased by 25.85% (P<0.01), and muscle glycogen decreased by 44. 94% (P<0.01). Compared with T group, TM group had 19.41% higher liver glycogen (P<0.05) and 58.05% higher muscle glycogen (P<0.01); FSH had no significant change; compared with C group, the blood urea of T group increased by 59.30% (P<0.01), and the hemoglobin decreased by 28.72% (P<0.01); compared with T group, TM group had 20.70%) lower blood urea (P<0.05) and 24.22% higher hemoglobin (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Cistanche deserticola Y.C. Ma can reduce the impact of high-intensity exercise on serum testosterone, and maintain it at normal physiological level. It can promote protein synthesis, inhibit amino acid and protein degradation, and increase hemoglobin and glycogen reserves in rats receiving exercise training.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 260-268, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244942

ABSTRACT

There has been a history of 30 years in the study of CD4(+)CD25(+) T regulatory cells (Treg) which primarily play a role of immune suppression in vivo. Many autoimmune diseases are related to the decrease and the disorder of these cells, such as multiple sclerosis, non-obese diabet (NOD) and lupus erythematosus. In the field of transplantation tolerance, the role played by Treg is also very important. All of these features have drawn the attention to the prevention of autoimmune diseases and the rejection of transplantation. However, the low frequency of Treg in vivo affected their use and study. Currently, many techniques about expansion of Treg in vitro have been established so as to overcome the problem of their limited cell numbers in vivo. Recent studies suggest that antigen-specific T regulator cells (sTreg) expanded by dentritic cells (DC) showed a superior immunosuppression in comparison with polyclonal Treg expanded by anti-CD3/CD28Ab, which is the focus of current studies. This article mainly reviews and compares the expansion techniques and the mechanism of regulatory T cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Culture Techniques , Immunosuppression Therapy , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 585-588, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Anorectal malignant melanoma was a rare disease with extremely poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical characteristic, diagnosis and treatment strategies of anorectal malignant melanoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 57 patients with anorectal malignant melanoma was collected and retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Rectal bleeding and anal mass were found to be common symptoms of anorectal malignant melanoma. The preoperative diagnosis rate of anorectal malignant melanoma was 48.6%. The overall 3-year and 5-year survival rate was 38.0% and 21.3% respectively. The 3-year survival rates of stage I and II patients were 63.0% and 16.7% respectively (P = 0.000), and the 5-year survival rates were 33.3% and 11.1% (P = 0.001), which both had significant statistic differences. The 3-year survival rate of patients undergone abdmoninoperineal resection and patients undergone wide local excision were 36.7% and 53.0% respectively (P = 0.280), while the 5-year survival rate were 24.1% and 23.1% (P = 0.642), which both had no significant statistic differences.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study identified no survival advantage to abdominoperineal resection in treatment of anorectal malignant melanoma, and we propose that wide local excision could be considered as the initial treatment of choice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anus Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Melanoma , Diagnosis , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Survival Rate
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1539-1541, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270922

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of combined hepatectomy with splenectomy on safety of operation for hepatocellular carcinoma patients complied with cirrhosis and hypersplenism and the best peri-operative treatment of these patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 177 hepatocellular carcinoma patients complied with cirrhosis and hypersplenism admitted from January 1999 to December 2009 were analyzed retrospectively. Among which, 71 patients received concomitant splenectomy with hepatectomy (splenectomy group), 106 patients only receive a hepatectomy (non-splenectomy group). The safety of operation, complications, liver function and WBC and PLT counts were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference of general conditions, counts of WBC and PLT between the two groups before operation. The counts of PLT at 1, 10, 30 day after operation were (88.4 ± 23.6) × 10⁹/L, (345.3 ± 98.2) × 10⁹/L and (210.8 ± 92.2) × 10⁹/L respectively in splenectomy group, which were significantly higher than that of non-splenectomy group (P < 0.05). The operation time of splenectomy group was (216 ± 105) min, which was longer than that of non splenectomy group (P < 0.05), but the blood loss and transfusion rate had not significantly difference between the two groups. The complication rates of splenectomy group and non-splenectomy group were 11.3% and 6.6% respectively, there was no significant difference between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined hepatectomy with splenectomy will be safe for hepatocellular carcinoma patients complied with cirrhosis and hypersplenism as if the operative indication and increase the ability of peri-operative treatment are strictly obeyed.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , General Surgery , Hepatectomy , Hypersplenism , General Surgery , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Splenectomy , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 115-117, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237851

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the veracity of the C1 lateral mass screw insertion in the atlantoaxial fixation using plate and screw method without A-P fluoroscopic guiding.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In the atlantoaxial fixation, without A-P fluoroscopic guiding, we probe lateral mass edge and identify the entrance point of C1 lateral mass screw indirectly. 159 patients treated with atlantoaxial fixation using plate and screw method were studied. Postoperative CT was used for analysis, and the position of the lateral mass screws in atlas was identified by coronary and axial CT scan. Three areas were delimited in and around the lateral mass of atlas in the axial CT scan, so as to analyze the location of screws: area A (inside the joint face), area B (outside the joint face but still in lateral mass), and area C (outside the lateral mass).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 318 screws, 308 (96.9%) were located in area A, 5 in area B (1.6%), and 5 in area C (1.6%). All cases got atlantoaxial union at 4 months after operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Probing lateral mass edge and identifying the lateral mass indirectly is reliable for identifying the path of screw in atlas.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atlanto-Axial Joint , General Surgery , Bone Screws , Cervical Atlas , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Joint Instability , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Methods
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 326-330, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273839

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment regimens for the primary gastric lymphoma (PGL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 98 PGL patients treated from January 1994 to December 2006 were collected and analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Abdominal pain was the common symptom of PGL. All the patients were at stage I or stage II, and the preoperative diagnosis rate was 56.5%. The overall 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 95.1%, 86.0% and 73.0% respectively. The 5-year survival rates of stage I and stage II patients were 89.5% and 66.7% respectively, and the difference was significant. The 5-year survival rate of patients received operations was 77.2% and that without operation was 75.0%, the difference was not significant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The therapy based on chemotherapy is preferred for the treatment of PGL. In the cases of serious gastrointestinal complications, indefinite pathological diagnosis or non-effective chemotherapy, operations should be considered.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 217-219, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301111

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the distributive character of safflor yellow A in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A RP-HPLC method for the determination of safflor yellow A in tissues was established and applied to determine safflor yellow A in biological samples.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After iv injection of Safflor yellow A in mice, the AUC of safflor yellow A was hightest in plasma, followed by kidney, liver, lung, heart, spleen. But it was not found in the brain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The distribution of safflor yellow A in the body is abroad and the speed of its process is swift.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Carthamus tinctorius , Chemistry , Chalcone , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flowers , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quinones , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Tissue Distribution
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