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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969841

ABSTRACT

This study collected epidemic data of COVID-19 in Zhengzhou from January 1 to January 20 in 2022. The epidemiological characteristics of the local epidemic in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant were analyzed through epidemiological survey and big data analysis, which could provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of the Delta variant. In detail, a total of 276 close contacts and 599 secondary close contacts were found in this study. The attack rate of close contacts and secondary close contacts was 5.43% (15/276) and 0.17% (1/599), respectively. There were 10 confirmed cases associated with the chain of transmission. Among them, the attack rates in close contacts of the first, second, third, fourth and fifth generation cases were 20.00% (5/25), 17.86% (5/28), 0.72% (1/139) and 14.81% (4/27), 0 (0/57), respectively. The attack rates in close contacts after sharing rooms/beds, having meals, having neighbor contacts, sharing vehicles with the patients, having same space contacts, and having work contacts were 26.67%, 9.10%, 8.33%, 4.55%, 1.43%, and 0 respectively. Collectively, the local epidemic situation in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone has an obvious family cluster. Prevention and control work should focus on decreasing family clusters of cases and community transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Epidemics , Incidence
2.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 73-77, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818122

ABSTRACT

Objective The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) is increasing in middle-aged and older people. This article aimed to analyze the relationship between thyroid hormone and NAFLD in euthyroid middle-aged and older people.Methods We retrospectively analyzed 589 euthyroid patients aged 40 years or older who were hospitalized in our department from January 2015 to December 2017. According to the Results of abdominal ultrasound, they were divided into NAFLD group (n=217) and non-NAFLD group (n=372). We compared the differences of general data between two groups and analyzed the association of thyroid hormones(FT3, TSH) with metabolic indexes and the risk of NAFLD.Results TSH and FT3 in NAFLD group were significantly higher than those in non-NAFLD group (respectively 2.18±1.01 mIU/L versus 1.74±0.77 mIU/L, P<0.001; 4.54±0.72 pmol/L vs 4.05±0.83 pmol/L, P<0.001). After adjusting for age and sex, TSH was positively correlated with BMI, abdominal circumference, and LDL (r, P respectively were 0.117, 0.005; 0.136, 0.001; 0.086, 0.037). FT3 was positively correlated with LDL (r=0.098, P=0.017), and negatively correlated with FPG and HbA1c (r, P respectively were -0.161, <0.001; -0.139, 0.001). With the increase of TSH and FT3 quartiles, the risk of NAFLD showed a significantly increasing trend (P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that abdominal circumference, BMI, ALT, TG, TSH, and FT3 were independent risk factors of NAFLD. Conclusion TSH and FT3 are risk factors of NAFLD in euthyroid middle-aged and older people, which can be used as a good serological indicator of NAFLD.

3.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 567-570, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790130

ABSTRACT

Objective :To explore correlation between serum vitamin D level and cardiac diastolic function in patients with essential hypertension (EH) and normal left ventricular systolic function .Methods :A total of 177 EH patients with normal left ventricular systolic function in our department were divided into vitamin D no deficiency group (≥20ng/ml ,n=62) and vitamin D deficiency group (<20ng/ml ,n=115) ,according to serum vitamin D level .The relationship between serum vitamin D level and cardiac diastolic function was analyzed .Results :(1) Compared with vitamin D no deficiency group , there were significant reductions in blood calcium level [ (2.38 ± 0.12) mmol/L vs.(2.32 ± 0.15) mmol/L] ,mitral early diastolic peak flow velocity [E ,(0.73 ± 0.15) m/s vs.(0.66 ± 0.14) m/s] ,ratio of E to late diastolic peak flow velocity (A) [E/A ,(0.86 ± 0.26) vs.(0.76 ± 0.20)] in vitamin D deficiency group , P<0.05 or <0.01 ;(2) Among the total 177 patients ,serum vitamin D level was significant positively correlated with E and E/A ( r=0.200 ,0.193 , P=0.008 , 0.01) ;according to age stratification ,serum vitamin D level was significant positively correlated with E and E/A in ≥60 years patients (r=0.175 ,0.223 ,P=0.037 ,0.007) ;according to gender stratification ,serum vitamin D level was signifi‐cant positively correlated with E and E/A in male patients ( r=0.268 ,0.221 , P=0.003 ,0.014) ;(3) After correcting age and gender ,Logistic regression analysis indicated that serum vitamin D level was significant positively correlated with E and E/A (β=3.418 ,1.738 , P=0.002 ,0.023).Conclusion :Serum vitamin D level is significant positively correlated with cardiac diastolic function in EH patients with normal left ventricular systolic function .

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1696-1703, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773181

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of modified Buyang Huanwu Decoction on the hemorrhagic transformation after intravenous thrombolysis of recombinant tissue type plasminogen activator(rt-PA) in patients with super early(onset time<4. 5 h) cerebral infarction. From March 2016 to July 2018,at the brain disease zone of the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine,212 cases of super early cerebral infarction were selected and divided into two group according to the randomized complete blocks designs: control group(106 cases) and traditional Chinese medicine group(106 cases). The control group was treated with rt-PA intravenous thrombolysis,while the traditional Chinese medicine group was treated with modified Buyang Huanwu Decoction in addition to the therapy of the control group. Both groups were treated for 14 days. Neurological deficit score,serum matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9),neuron specific enolase(NSE),vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) and plasma cellular fibronectin(c-FN) levels,the incidence of hemorrhagic transformation,clinical efficacy and adverse drug reactions before and after treatment were compared between the two groups. According to the findings,at the 14 thday after treatment,the rank sum test of the grade data showed that the clinical efficacy of the traditional Chinese medicine group was better than that of the control group(Z =-2. 033,P = 0. 042); on the basis of χ2 test,the total efficiency of the traditional Chinese medicine group was higher than that of the control group(χ2= 4. 895,P =0. 027); the hemorrhagic transformation rate of the traditional Chinese medicine group was lower than that of the control group within14 days of treatment(χ2= 3. 962,P = 0. 047). MMP-9 levels in the traditional Chinese medicine group were lower than those in the control group at the 3 rd,5 th,7 th,10 th,14 thd after treatment(t =-2. 474,-3. 022,-5. 163,-6. 998,-9. 821; P = 0. 014,0. 003,0,0,0). The improvement of c-FN,NSE,VEGF and NIHSS scores in the traditional Chinese medicine group was superior to that of the control group after 14 days of treatment(t =-2. 343,-3. 187,-2. 129,-3. 105; P = 0. 020,0. 002,0. 034,0. 002). No obvious adverse reactions of modified Buyang Huanwu Decoction were observed during 14 days of treatment. Modified Buyang Huanwu Decoction could reduce the expressions of MMP-9,c-FN,NSE and VEGF after rt-PA intravenous thrombolysis in patients with super early cerebral infarction,and decrease the hemorrhagic transformation rate after thrombolysis,with high safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Fibronectins , Blood , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Blood , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Blood , Recombinant Proteins , Therapeutic Uses , Thrombolytic Therapy , Tissue Plasminogen Activator , Therapeutic Uses , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Blood
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 647-651, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690115

ABSTRACT

A case of 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase deficiency was reported, and its clinical features, gene mutation characteristics, and diagnosis and treatment were analyzed with reference to related literature. The patient aged 1 year and 6 months had developmental regression and paroxysmal dystonia after pyrexia and diarrhea, and head MRI showed symmetrical lesions in the bilateral basal ganglia. No pathogenic mutation was found in the full-length detection of mitochondrial genome. Nuclear gene detection of mitochondrial-related diseases found new compound heterozygous mutations in the HIBCH gene, i.e., c.439-2A>G and c.958A>G (p.K320E), which were inherited from his father and mother, respectively. The boy was given cocktail therapy, dietary valine restriction, and symptomatic treatment. After 2 weeks of treatment, there were improvements in dystonia and motor and intellectual development.

6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 713-716, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276032

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the association of the A260G and A386G single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of the DAZL gene with male infertility in the Chinese population of Zhejiang Province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We collected the peripheral blood samples from 317 idiopathic infertile males with azoospermia or oligozoospermia and 246 normal fertile men, and genotyped the polymorphic loci of the A260G and A386G polymorphisms of the DAZL gene using the SNaPshot technique.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The DAZL gene A260G was found genetically polymorphic in the Chinese population of Zhejiang Province, with the gene frequencies and their distribution consistent to the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The frequencies of the AA, AG and GG genotypes of the A260G polymorphism were 92.3%, 7.3%, and 0.4% respectively in the normal controls and 94.3%, 5.7%, and 0% in the infertile patients, with no statistically significant differences between the two groups (P = 0.43, OR = 0.78, 95% CI 0.413-1.46). Heterozygosis (AG) of A386G was found in 1 of the control males but not in the infertile patients, while homozygosis (GG) of A386G was not observed in either group (P = 0.259, OR = 0.698, 59% CI: 0.374-1.306).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A260G and A386G SNPs of the DAZL gene are not associated with spermatogenic failure and neither represents a molecular marker for the genetic diagnosis of male infertility in the Chinese population of Zhejiang Province.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asian People , Azoospermia , Genetics , China , Gene Frequency , Genetic Markers , Genotype , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Oligospermia , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , RNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3865-3869, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310973

ABSTRACT

Asteraceae Echionopos (Echinops genus) is one of the world's plants commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine herbs. In this paper, a lot of literature on the basis of domestic and foreign, and modern research on the application of medicinal plants in different ethnic groups in our country Echionopos made a brief presentation and evaluation, and its in Chinese Han, Mongolian, Uygur, Kazak, Korean and other ethnic groups in the application of traditional medicine and related research conducted profiles. To further comprehensive and accurate use of the abundant plant resources and research, in order to find biologically active natural products, provide reference basis for the clinical application of new drugs developed and expanded drug source.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Asteraceae , Chemistry , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 233-236, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792283

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain the data on total drug resistance rate,initial drug resistant rate and acquired drug resistant rate and to analyze the efficacy of modern tuberculosis control strategy in Huzhou City.Methods Collect sputum specimens which were cultured positive from mycobacterium tuberculosis patients with new registration and identification in Huzhou in the first stage (2001-2004)and second stage (2009-2010).The sample size was 192 and 772 respectively. We used cultured positive specimens for drug sensitivity test which was by means of proportion method.Results In the first stage (2001-2004 ),the rate of total drug resistance,multi -drug resistance,initial resistance and acquired resistance was 25.25%,6.9%,19.02% and 51.30% respectively.The rates above in the second stage (2009-2010) were 15.41%,3.50%,1 1.95% and 43.02% respectively.There was significant difference (P<0.01 )in the rates of total drug resistance,multi-drug resistance and initial resistance between the two stages,but no significant difference (P>0.05 ) in the rate of acquired resistance. Conclusion Modern tuberculosis control strategy makes noticeable achievements for the drug resistant tuberculosis control,but the acquired drug resistance remains to be the focus of tuberculosis prevention and control in the current strategy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 143-147, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237295

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To perform immunophenotyping and molecular genetic analysis for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to explore their correlation and implication for prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemical streptavidin peroxidase (SP) method was used to determine the expression of CD10, BCL6 and MUM1 in 59 cases of DLBCL. A Hans algorithm was used to classify DLBCL into germinal center B-cell (GCB) and non-GCB subtypes. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay was performed on paraffin-embedded lymphoma tissue sections to detect translocations and amplifications of BCL6, BCL2 and MYC genes with dual-color break-apart BCL6 probe, dual-color dual-fusion IgH/ BCL2 probe and dual-color break-apart MYC probe, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 59 cases of DLBCL, 28.8% (17/59) belonged to GCB subtype, and 71.2% (42/59) belonged to non-GCB subtype. The incidences of BCL6, BCL2 and MYC gene translocations were 24.1% (14/58), 1.7% (1/59) and 5.3% (3/57), respectively. The incidences of BCL6, BCL2 and MYC gene amplifications were 17.2% (10/58), 22.0% (13/59) and 21.1% (12/57), respectively. BCL6 amplification was not correlated with BCL6 translocation (P=0.424), but was correlated with amplifications of BCL2 and MYC (C=0.405 and 0.403, respectively, P <0.01). The incidence of BCL6 translocation in GCB type was higher than that in non-GCB type, and amplifications of BCL6, BCL2 or MYC were more frequently encountered in non-GCB type, though no statistical significance was detected (P=0.089 and 0.106, respectively). By univariate analysis, immunophenotyping and international prognostic index (IPI) exerted a significant effect on overall survival (OS) (P=0.047 and 0.001, respectively), but to which BCL6 translocation and amplification of the 3 genes were not related (P=0.150 and 0.444, respectively). By multivariate analysis, IPI score was the only independent prognostic factor for OS (RR =3.843, P=0.017).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The GCB subtype of DLBCL is less common in the patient cohort. Common genetic aberrations have included BCL6 translocation and BCL6, BCL2 and MYC amplifications. Amplification of the 3 genes is strongly correlated with each other, and the incidence of BCL2 translocation is low. Immunophenotyping only has minor significance for the prognosis. Genetic aberrations cannot predict the clinical outcome of DLBCL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Genes, bcl-2 , Genes, myc , Immunophenotyping , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 377-382, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235443

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathological features of primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (PGI-NHL) and their prognostic values.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and pathological data of 216 patients diagnosed as PGI-NHL from Zhejiang Cancer Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. χ² test, log-liner model analysis, COX proportional hazard regression analysis and Life-table survival analysis were used to analyze the survival status of the patients by SAS 8.2 software, and Log-rank test was performed to couple the overall survival rates with different prognostic factors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, the age of onset was 8 to 89 years with the median age of 56.5 years. Male versus female was 1.27∶1(121∶95). The most frequently involved location was stomach (147 cases, 68.1%), followed by ileocecus (25 cases, 11.6%), large intestine (20 cases, 9.3%), small intestine (17 cases, 7.9%) and multiple GI involvement (5 cases, 2.3%). 182 cases were classified as B cell lymphomas, 22 cases as T cell lymphomas, and 12 cases not classified exactly due to insufficient data. The 3-year and 5-year survival rates of the patients were 69.4% and 53.3%, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that age>60 years, ECOG≥2, high LDH level, stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, IPI≥2, T cell type and intestinal involvement were predictors for poor prognosis. IPI≥2, T cell type and intestinal involvement were independent adverse predictors for prognosis by multiple COX proportional hazard regression analysis. Among different treatment groups, cases received chemotherapy combined with local radiotherapy gained the best survival status.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>B-cell lymphoma was the main pathological type in PGI-NHL; IPI≥2, T-cell type and intestinal involvement are independent adverse predictors for prognosis; chemotherapy combined with local radiotherapy might be the choice of approach for advanced stage and aggressive PGI-HNL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
11.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 204-209, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850426

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of the therapeutic dual-plasmid HBV DNA vaccine mediated by electroporation (EP) in vivo against the hepatitis B virus in healthy adult volunteers. Methods The enrolled 30 healthy volunteers were randomly divided into three dosage groups (10 volunteers in each group), namely: high-dose (4mg), middle-dose (2mg) and low-dose (lmg) groups. Volunteers received four intramuscular injections of HBV DNA vaccine mediated by in vivo EP at the 0, 4th, 12th and 24th week. Each dose group was further divided into 2 sub-groups (5 persons/per group) with different EP frequencies, i.e. 36 and 60 volt. The changes in response was determined by physical diagnosis (ECG, chest X-ray, type-B ultrasound), lab findings (blood and urine routine, blood biochemistry, prothrombin time, thyroid function, tumor biomarkers), immunological variables (IFN- γ, ANA, anti-dsDNA Ab), serological variables pertaining to HBV (HBsAg, HBcAb, HBeAg, HBeAb, HBV DNA) and serum anti-HBs status in volunteers before and after receiving EP mediated HBV DNA vaccination. Results The dual-plasmid HBV DNA vaccination mediated by in vivo EP was well tolerated in all healthy volunteers with a stable life signs. It was found that EP-mediated immunization of the therapeutic DNA vaccine against hepatitis B virus had a specific and obvious anti-HBs humoral immune response in one volunteer (l7.22mU/ml). Four repeated intramuscular injections of the vaccine did not show any significant adverse effects in the receptors. Although mild elevation of serum ALT and enlarged spleen were found in one individual, the abnormalities disappeared spontaneously at the end of the trial. Conclusions EP-mediated dual-plasmid HBV DNA vaccine is safe and well tolerated with certain degree of humoral immunogenicity.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 39-43, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335348

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between serum concentration of fluorouracil and therapeutic efficacy as well as adverse reactions in patients with unresectable locally advanced or measurable metastatic colorectal cancer, and to analyze its role in further improving therapeutic efficacy and reducing adverse reactions of fluorouracil-based chemotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-six patients were randomly assigned into three groups according to the average plasma concentration of fluorouracil after three cycles of chemotherapy with the initial regimen of two weeks FOLFOX-4 (oxaliplatin + leucovorin + fluorouracil) or FOLFIRI (irinotecan + leucovorin + fluorouracil): group 1 (plasma concentration of fluorouracil < 25 ng/ml), group 2 (25 - 35 ng/ml) and group 3 (> 35 ng/ml). The blood samples were taken at 12 h after continuous infusion of fluorouracil in each cycle and the plasma concentration of fluorouracil was detected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (about 5 am ± 1 h). The relationship between the drug plasma concentration, therapeutic efficacy and adverse reactions in different fluorouracil plasma concentration arms was analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average plasma concentrations of fluorouracil of the three groups were (23.48 ± 1.95) ng/ml, (31.47 ± 2.33) ng/ml and (39.89 ± 3.87) ng/ml, respectively (P < 0.01). As for therapeutic efficacy, the median OS of the groups 2 and 3 were 18.0 and 17.5 months, significantly higher than that in the group 1 (13.0 months, P < 0.01). The PFS were 4.5, 7.5 and 8.0 months, respectively (P < 0.01). In terms of adverse reactions, the incidences of bone marrow suppression, mucositis and diarrhea in the group 3 were significantly higher than that in the first two groups (P = 0.02, P = 0.04 and P = 0.02).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The patients with local advanced and metastatic colorectal cancer, receiving fluorouracil-based chemotherapy, and with an average plasma concentration of fluorouracil between 25 - 35 mg/L have a better prognosis, and lower incidence of adverse reactions such as bone marrow suppression, mucositis and diarrhea.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Marrow Diseases , Colonic Neoplasms , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Diarrhea , Disease-Free Survival , Fluorouracil , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Therapeutic Uses , Leucovorin , Therapeutic Uses , Mucositis , Neoplasm Staging , Organoplatinum Compounds , Therapeutic Uses , Random Allocation , Rectal Neoplasms , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Remission Induction , Survival Rate
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 559-562, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277735

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of genotype of the KPC(Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase)-encoding genes in Pan-resistant K. Pneumoniae, isolated from the 98th Hospital of People' s Liberation Army, Huzhou district, Zhejiang province, China. Methods 19 strains of Pan-resistant K. Pneumoniae were isolated from the inpatients between November, 2008 and July,2009. Phenotypic confirmatory test for suspected carbapenemases production were carried out by Modified Hodge test. Carbapenemase gene of blaKPC was analyzed by PCR and verified by DNA sequencing. Results In 19 strains of K. Pneumoniae, the positive rates of Modified Hodge test and gene of blaKPC were both 100.0%. These genes all belonged to blaKPC-2 subtype confirmed by nucleotide sequence analysis. Among them, the blaKPC-2 gene sequence of the HZ001 strain (its original serial number was HZ9871 ) had been registered in GenBank (GenBank Accession Number: GU086225).Conclusion All of the Pan-resistant K. Pneumoniae isolated from the inpatients harbored blaKPC-2 type carbapenemases gene and causing an outbreak in a hospital. Carbapenemases that producing type KPC-2 might be the major reason which causing the resistance to Carbapenems antibiotics.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2636-2642, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307849

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Both survivin and lung resistance related protein (LRP) are related to the chemoresistances in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). But the relationship between survivin and LRP is indefinite. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of down-regulation of survivin on LRP expressions and the reversal of chemoresistances in HCC both in vitro and in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expressions of survivin were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting in HCC cell line SMMC-7721 and SMMC-7721/ADM. The sensitivities of these two cell lines to ADM were evaluated by MTT assays. SiRNA which targeted survivin was transfected into SMMC-7721/ADM cells, then the sensitivity of SMMC-7721/ADM cells to ADM and the expressions of survivin and LRP were detected respectively. SMMC-7721/ADM cells were transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice to establish xenograft tumors. Antitumor activities of RNA interference (RNAi) targeting survivin, various doses of ADM and combination therapies were observed respectively. Possible toxicities were evaluated. LRP expression changes were tested. Student's t test was used for evaluating statistical significance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expressions of survivin in SMMC-7721/ADM cell line showed significant elevation compared to those in SMMC-7721 cell line (P < 0.05). Positive siRNA down-regulated the expressions of survivin significantly (P < 0.05). SiRNA targeting survivin could sensitize SMMC-7721/ADM cells to ADM and down-regulate the expressions of LRP significantly (P < 0.05). Growths of the tumors were significantly inhibited in positive siRNA group as compared with those in the control group from the 8th day (P < 0.05). Combination therapies caused significant tumor inhibitions compared with tumors of nude mice in the other three groups respectively (P < 0.05). No toxicities were found in nude mice treated by siRNA and combination therapies. The expressions of LRP were markedly reduced in tumors treated with siRNA targeting survivin (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Down regulation of survivin gene by RNAi can increase chemosensitivity of HCC both in vitro and in vivo. The reversal of drug resistance may be reduced through the inhibitions of LRP.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Doxorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Mitolactol , Therapeutic Uses , Mitomycins , Therapeutic Uses , RNA Interference , Physiology , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Physiology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles , Genetics , Metabolism , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 493-496, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642633

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of caspase-10 in differentiated thyroid carcinoma and association with its development and metastasis. Methods Thyroid samples from 37 patients in a period from January 2006 to December 2007, with differentiated thyroid carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed for caspase-10 by immunohistocbemistry(streptavidin-perosidase, S-P), compared to control group of 46 cases with nodtdar goiter. The relationship between the expression of caspase-10 and the clinical pathologic characteristics of thyroid carcinoma were also explored simultaneously. Results caspase-10 were observed as brown or yellow particles located in the cytoplasm or cell membrane of nodular goiter but there were no significant evidence for its positive expression in thyroid carcinoma, caspase-10 expression was markedly down-regulated in differentiated thyroid carcinoma(29.73%,11/37) compared with benign nodules(71.74%,33/46, χ2=14.528, P<0.01). The positive expression in 18 cases with lymph node metastasis(11.11%,2/18) was significantly lower than those in 19 patients without lymph node metastasis(47.37%,9/19; χ2=4.210, P<0.01). There was no significant correlation(P> 0.05) between the expression of caspase-10 and the clinical pathologic characteristics including male, age, TNM stage and pathologic type. Conclusion Down-regulation of caspase-10 may play a critical role in carcinogenesis and development of differentiated thyroid carcinoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 145-148, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262918

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify gene mutations involved in five cases of inherited factor V (FV) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Activity of FV was determined by one-stage clotting assay using FV-deficiency plasma, and FV antigen by an ELISA assay. All the exons and exon-intron boundaries of FV gene were amplified by PCR and then DNA sequencing. Restriction enzyme analysis was used to analyze the probands, their family members and healthy volunteers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both activity and antigen of FV in the 5 patients were extremely lower compared with that of normal mixed plasma. Six mutations were identified in these 5 patients, G69969T (G2079V), C45533T (R712Ter), C46796T (R1133Ter), G45366A (C656Y), C46253T (R952C) and G16088C (D68H), the latter three were novel mutations reported for the first time and the C46253T (R952C) was the first missense mutation reported in B domain. The result of sequencing or restriction enzyme analysis showed that the three novel missense mutations were not caused by single nucleotide polymorphisms.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Gene mutations in 5 type I inherited FV deficiency of patients including 2 nonsense mutations and 4 missense mutations identified which led to the instability of FV protein and the reducing of FV: Ag in the plasma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genetics , Factor V , Genetics , Metabolism , Factor V Deficiency , Blood , Genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 871-874, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267869

ABSTRACT

The study was purposed to investigate the expression and function of non-muscle myosin heavy chain-IIA (NMMHC-IIA) in Fechtner syndrome in order to explore the pathologic changes of kindy disease and the mechanism of granulocyte inclusion body formation. NMMHC-IIA levels in granulocytes were analyzed by Western-blot, the expressions of NMMHC-IIA, IIB in HEK-293 cells were detected by RT-PCR and were analyzed by co-immunoprecipitation. The results indicated that the IIA/beta-actin ratio for Fechtner syndrome granulocytes was (0.35 +/- 0.12), and obviously decreased as compared with that of normal control (0.87 +/- 0.18) (p < 0.01). The IIA and IIB expressed higher in HEK-293 cells. The interaction of IIA and IIB was confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation in HEK-293 cells. It is concluded that dominant-negative effect of NMMHC-IIA is involved in the formation of inclusion bodies. IIA and IIB show obvious interaction, IIB partly compensates the IIA defect derived from MYH9 mutations, and may delay or prevent the development of clinically relevant abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Platelet Disorders , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line , Granulocytes , Pathology , Inclusion Bodies , Pathology , Kidney , Cell Biology , Embryology , Metabolism , Mutation , Nonmuscle Myosin Type IIA , Genetics , Metabolism , Physiology , Nonmuscle Myosin Type IIB , Genetics , Metabolism , Physiology , Syndrome , Thrombocytopenia , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 369-373, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287763

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the 16S rRNA methylase genes and Aminoglycoside modifying enzymes(AMEs)genes in Enterobacter cloacae isolated from the People's Liberation Army 98th Hospital,Huzhou district,Zhejiang province,China.Methods 40 strains of Enterobacter cloacae were isolated from the inpatients between September,2003 and November,2004.5 kinds of 16S rRNA methylase gene (including armA,rmtA,rmtB,rmtC and rmtD)and 9 kinds of AMEs gene[including aac(3)-Ⅰ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(3)-Ⅲ,aac(3)-Ⅳ,aac(6')-Ⅰ b,aac(6')-Ⅱ,ant(3'')-Ⅰ,ant(2'')-Ⅰ and aph(3')-Ⅵ]were analyzed by PCR and verificated by DNA sequencing.Results In 40 strains of Enterobacter cloacae,the positive rates of genes of rmtB,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(6')-Ⅰ b,ant(3'')-Ⅰ,ant(2'')-Ⅰ and aph(3')-Ⅵ were 12.5%(5/40),27.5%(11/40),72.5%(29/40),32.5%(13/40),5.0%(2/40)and 5.0%(2/40),respectively.8 kinds of the rest of genes were all tested negative.The total positive rate of AMEs gene was 85.0%(34/40).Among 29 strains of Enterobacter cloacae that the aac(6')-Ⅰ b gene was positive,through PCR and verification by DNA sequencing,7 strains(24.1%)were confirmed to take the aac(6')-Ⅰ b-cr(the GenBank register number:EF375620,EU159121)alone,18 strains(62.1%)were confirmed to take the aac(6')-Ⅰ b-Suzhou(EU085533)alone,3 strains(10.3%)were confirmed to take both aac (6')-Ⅰ b-Suzhou and aac(6')-Ⅰ b-cr while only 1(3.4%)was aac(6')-Ⅰ b(the classical type).Conclusion There was lower positive rate of 16S rRNA methylase gene but very high AMEs genotypes in Enterobacter cloacae isolated from inpatients and the finding of rmtB gene was reported for the first time in the world.At least 5 kinds of AMEs gene existed in Enterobacter cloacae were isolated and they were the new host of both gene of aac(6')-Ⅰ b-cr and aac(6')-Ⅰ b-Suzhou,with aac(6')-Ⅰ b-Suzhou gene was the predominance subtype in aac(6')-Ⅰ b.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 152-155, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328394

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical manifestations, pathologic features and laboratory findings in two Proteus syndrome patients with giant hemangiomas in the spleen and chronic DIC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ultrasound imaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used for analysing the characteristics of the giant hemangiomas in the spleen. The spleen specimen was examined pathologically for the feature of the hemangioma. Homostatic tests were performed by routine laboratory methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two Proteus syndrome patients with giant hemangiomas in the spleen causing chronic DIC (Kasabach-Merritt syndrome) were first reported. They were recovered after splenectomy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Proteus syndrome when accompanied giant hemangioma could cause chronic DIC. Significantly decreased plasma fibrinogen level in this case might be helpful for the differential diagnosis from DIC caused by other diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Proteus Syndrome , Splenectomy , Splenic Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Ultrasonography
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 160-164, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328392

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify clinical and laboratory abnormalities and genetic defect of Fechtner syndrome in a Chinese family.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The characteristic morphological features of platelets and leukocytes were examined on blood smears with Wright's-Giemsa staining and ultrastructure of platelet and leukocyte were investigated under electron microscope. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood of the proband and 9 members of his family. All the exons and exon-intron boundaries of the MYH9 gene were amplified by PCR followed by direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patients presented the characteristic clinical features including macrothrombocytopenia, leukocyte inclusions and/or hereditary nephritis. A heterozygous C to T mutation was found in the proband and three members of his family at nucleotide 5981 in exon 40 of MYH9 gene, resulting in a nonsense mutation which encoded truncated protein due to premature termination at the Arg 1933 codon.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is the first report of a Chinese family with Fechtner syndrome. The Arg (CGA) 1933--> stop (TGA) nonsense mutation in MYH9 gene is a causative genetic defect.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Codon, Nonsense , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genetics , Inclusion Bodies , Genetics , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Nephritis, Hereditary , Genetics , Pedigree , Syndrome , Thrombocytopenia , Genetics
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