Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 112
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 16-21, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the supply efficiency and influencing factors of medical and health services in 31 provinces in China from 2011 to 2020, providing reference for rational allocation of medical and health resources and improving service efficiency.Methods:The data related to the input-output indicators of China′s medical and health services from 2011 to 2020 were collected from China Health Statistical Yearbook, China Statistical Yearbook and China Social Statistical Yearbook. Data envelopment analysis was used to calculate the static efficiency of China′s medical and health service supply, the Malmquist index method was used to analyze the dynamic efficiency of China′s medical and health service supply, and the Tobit model was used to analyze the factors affecting the efficiency. Results:In 2020, the comprehensive efficiency of medical and health service supply in 15 provinces (Tianjin, Shanghai, Zhejiang, etc.) was 1.000, and the scale benefit remained unchanged. The comprehensive efficiency in 16 provinces (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia, etc.) was less than 1.000. Among them, 15 provinces showed a decreasing scale benefit, while 1 province showed an increasing scale benefit.From 2011 to 2020, the total factor production efficiency index of China′s healthcare service supply increased from 0.988 to 1.036. The factors affecting the efficiency included number of people with a college degree or above per 10 000 people, the utilization rate of hospital bed rate, population density, asset liability ratio, and average length of stay ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In recent years, the efficiency of healthcare service supply in China showed a growth trend featuring regional differences and multiple influencing factors. It is suggested to further narrow the regional differences of the efficiency, reasonable control the scale of medical institutions, optimize medical service technology and management levels, shorten the average transfer day and improve bed utilization to improve the overall efficiency of medical and health service supply.

2.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 922-929, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954520

ABSTRACT

Objective:Rapid assessment of the outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important clinical issue. In this study, an electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis method based on dynamic learning was proposed.Methods:A total of 203 patients with ACS after successful PCI were enrolled for prospective analysis at the Emergency Department of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from April 2019 to December 2020. All patients were divided into group without ≥70% postoperative stenosis ( n=72) and group with ≥ 70% postoperative stenosis ( n=131) according to the presence of 70% or more stenosis after PCI. The clinical data of ACS patients were collected and analyzed by χ2 test, t-test, or Mann-Whitney test. ECGs were recorded before and 2 h after PCI, and were dynamically analyzed to generate cardiodynamicsgram (CDG) using dynamic learning. In the group without ≥ 70% postoperative stenosis, the model and CDG index for evaluating myocardial ischemia were obtained by training support vector machine (SVM) using 10 times 10-fold cross-validation. Results:There was no significant difference in clinical data between the two groups. The prediction accuracy and sensitivity of the support vector machine model for myocardial ischemia in group without≥70% postoperative stenosis were 73.61%, and 84.72% respectively. CDG transformed from disorderly to regular after PCI, and CDG index decreased significantly ( P<0.001): 90.28% (65) patients in group without≥70% postoperative stenosis, and 79.39% (104) patients in group with≥70% postoperative stenosis had lower CDG indexes than before PCI. Conclusions:In this study, CDG obtained by dynamic learning can intuitively and effectively evaluate the changes of myocardial ischemia before and after PCI, which is helpful to assist clinicians to formulate the next treatment plan.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 379-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors and time distribution of renal relapse in patients with lupus nephritis (LN).Methods:Clinical, pathological characteristics and long-term outcomes of LN patients who were diagnosed and followed in Jinling Hospital from January 2004 to December 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into relapse group and non-relapse group. The differences of clinical pathological characteristics between the two groups were compared. The multivariate Cox proportion risk model was used to analyze the risk factors affecting renal relapse in LN. The risk factors and time distribution of renal relapse were analyzed with annual relapse risk-time curve.Results:A total of 814 patients with LN were included in the study, with 419 cases (51.5%) of complete remission and 395 cases (48.5%) of partial remission. The age was (30.24±10.90) years old, and there were 112 males (13.8%). There were 367 patients suffering renal relapse. The time of first renal relapse was (3.21±2.70) years. The results of multivariate Cox regression showed that age ( HR=0.976, 95% CI 0.966-0.986, P<0.001), renal pathological activity index (AI) score ( HR=1.039, 95% CI 1.013-1.065, P=0.003), remission status after induction treatment ( HR=0.671, 95% CI 0.504-0.894, P=0.006), 24 h urinary protein quantitation ( HR=1.297, 95% CI 1.115-1.508, P=0.001), anti-double strand DNA antibody (A-dsDNA, HR=1.450, 95% CI 1.139-1.846, P=0.003) and complement C3 ( HR=0.223, 95% CI 0.128-0.389, P<0.001) were correlated with increasing risk of renal relapse in LN. The annual relapse risk profile was unimodal, with a peak period of the second year after maintenance treatment. Similar patterns of relapse were presented in subgroup analysis. Conclusions:Age, renal pathological AI score, remission status after induction therapy, 24 h urine protein, A-dsDNA and blood complement C3 are the influencing factors for relapse of LN patients. The peak period of renal relapse in patients with LN is in the second year of maintenance therapy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 49-53, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the contents of edible salt iodine and urinary iodine of children and pregnant women in Yunnan Province, and to evaluate the iodine nutrition status, so as to provide a basis for scientific prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD).Methods:From November to December 2020, one county (city) was selected from each prefecture (city), two townships (towns and streets) were selected from each county (city) and two villages (neighborhood committees) were selected from each township (town and street) from each of the 16 prefectures (cities) in Yunnan Province as the investigation sites. A total of 20 non-boarding children (male and female balanced) aged 8 - 10 years old were selected from each primary school in each village (neighborhood committee) to collect salt and urine samples. A total of 80 children were investigated in each county (city). A total of 20 pregnant women were selected from each township (town and street) to collect salt and urine samples. A total of 40 pregnant women were investigated in each county (city). All salt samples and urine samples were tested for iodine contents.Results:A total of 2 009 salt samples and 2 041 urine samples (1 375 for children, 666 for pregnant women) were collected from children aged 8 - 10 years old and pregnant women in 16 counties (cities) of Yunnan Province. Among them, the median salt iodine was 26.0 mg/kg, the coverage rate of iodized salt was 100.0% (2 009/2 009), the qualified rate of iodized salt was 98.7% (1 982/2 009), and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 98.7% (1 982/2 009). The difference of salt iodine content in key populations in different counties (cities) was statistically significant ( H = 258.98, P < 0.01). The median urinary iodine of children aged 8 - 10 years old was 188.5 μg/L. There was statistically significant difference in urinary iodine content among children of different ages ( H = 29.45, P < 0.01), but there was no statistically significant difference in urinary iodine content among children of different genders ( H = 1.43, P > 0.05). In addition, the median urinary iodine of pregnant women was 141.9 μg/L, 52.1% (347/666) was < 150 μg/L. There was statistically significant difference in urinary iodine content of pregnant women in different counties (cities, H = 88.32, P < 0.01). Conclusions:The qualified rate of iodized salt, the coverage rate of iodized salt and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt in key populations of Yunnan Province are more than 90%, and the iodized salt supply is good. Iodine nutrition of children aged 8 - 10 years old is at an appropriate level (100 - 199 μg/L); iodine nutrition of pregnant women is in an state of iodine deficiency ( < 150 μg/L). It is suggested to strengthen IDD monitoring and health education among key populations, improve residents' awareness of disease prevention, and make scientific iodine supplementation.

5.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 420-425, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907341

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism and early neurological deterioration (END) in Han population with acute ischemic stroke in Chengdu area, and the interaction with other traditional risk factors.Methods:Consecutive Han patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, the Third People's Hospital of Chengdu from January 2017 to June 2019 were enrolled prospectively. Using the candidate gene association study method, MTHFR gene C677T polymorphism was used as a genetic marker to analyze the correlation between END and MTHFR gene polymorphism, and analyze the interaction of gene-END traditional risk factors.Results:A total of 434 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled in the study, and 129 had END (29.7%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hyperglycemia (odds ratio [ OR] 2.410, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.436-4.046; P<0.001), hyperhomocysteinemia ( OR 2.570, 95% CI 1.229-5.376; P=0.012) and moderate to severe neurological deficit (baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score >5) ( OR 2.158, 95% CI 1.337-3.484; P=0.002) at admission were independently correlated with END. There was a correlation between C677T polymorphism and END. TT genotype ( OR 1.710, 95% CI 1.021-2.863; P=0.002) and A allele ( OR 1.583, 95% CI 1.181-2.121; P=0.002) could significantly increase the risk of END. Interaction analysis showed that there was interaction effect between C677T polymorphism and hyperglycemia at admission, alcohol drinking and moderate to severe neurological deficit. Interaction could increase the risk of END, but it did not reach statistical significance ( OR 1.237, 95% CI 0.227-6.734; P=0.806). Conclusion:MTHFR gene C677T polymorphism and hyperhomocysteinemia are associated with END in Han population with acute ischemic stroke in Chengdu area.

6.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 595-599, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871800

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of intravitreal injection of Conbercept with two different doses in the treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and explore the clinical feasibility of ROP treatment by lower dose conbercept.Methods:This was a prospective study. The premature infants were enrolled with pre-threshold type 1, threshold and acute aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (AP-ROP) from March 2018 to June 2019, who received fundus screening in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Henan Eye Hospital. They were randomly divided into two groups. The group A (lower dose group) were received intravitreal injection of conbercept with 0.15 mg/0.015 ml, and those in group B (control group) were received intravitreal injection of conbercept with 0.25 mg/0.025 ml. We checked and recorded the lesion area, stage, scope (according to the clock range), additional lesion (plus), etc. Fundus examination should be performed with the pediatric wide-field fundus imaging system within 7 days after treatment. It was used to observe the plus disese, ridge, regression of neovascularization on ridge, and development of retinal vessels to serrated edge or scarring. The follow-up period was at least 24 weeks. The effect evaluation was divided into recovery, improvement, recurrence and aggravation.Results:The 43 ROP subjects (84 eyes) were enrolled including 21 cases (40 eyes) in group A and 22 (44 eyes) in group B. There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender ( χ2=1.169), birth age ( t=0.283), birth weight ( t=0.547), hospitalization days in NICU ( t=1.187), first examination time ( t=1.811), first injection time ( t=0.492), follow-up time ( t=0.899) and ROP condition ( χ2=0.854) ( P>0.05). In group A, 21 eyes (52.5%) were cured, 17 eyes (42.5%) were improved, 2 eyes (5.0%) were recurred, and no aggravating cases were found. In group B, 24 eyes (54.5%) were cured, 14 eyes (31.8%) were improved, 6 eyes (13.6%) were recurred, and no aggravating cases were found. There was no significant difference of the cure rate ( χ2=2.210, P>0.05) and effective (recovery and improvement) rate ( χ2=1.814, P=0.269) between two groups after the first injection. Conclusion:Intravitreal injection of conbercept with the two doses should be effective in the treatment of ROP.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 491-494, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To accurately grasp the current status of water iodine distribution in environmental of Yunnan Province, and provide a basis for scientific iodine supplementation.Methods:In 2017, according to the "National Drinking Water Iodine Content Survey Program", a survey of water iodine content was conducted in townships. In 2018, a search survey was carried out for administrative villages with water samples of iodine content > 40 μg/L in drinking water found in previous surveys. In centralized water supply villages, 2 samples of end water were collected. In decentralized or partially decentralized water supply villages, each village was divided into 5 parts: east, south, west, north and center. In villages with more than 50 water sources, 10% of the water sources were selected from each part; villages with less than 50 water sources, one water source was selected from each part; villages with less than 5 water sources, all the water sources were selected to determine the water iodine content. At the same time, the mode of water supply and demographic data were investigated.Results:At the township level water iodine survey, a total of 24 589 water samples were collected from 1 389 townships in 129 counties of 16 prefectures (cities). The median water iodine content of township was 1.3 μg/L, ranging 0.0 - 9.3 μg/L. The population covered by the survey accounted for 53.94% (25 013 804/46 371 207) of the total population of the province. According to the survey results of high iodine villages, 93 administrative villages in 68 townships of 37 counties in 12 prefectures (cities) were surveyed, covering 40 940 households and 208 880 people. A total of 761 samples of drinking water were tested, and the median water iodine content of administrative villages was 1.3 μg/L (ranging 0.0 - 196.8 μg/L). There were 2 administrative villages with iodine higher than 100 μg/L, which were Xiaobona Administrative Village (145.8 μg/L) in Liuchang Township, Xiangyun County, and Dasongshu Administrative Village (196.8 μg/L) in Yangchang Township, Xuanwei City.Conclusions:The iodine content of water in Yunnan Province is generally low, which belongs to the area of environmental iodine deficiency. For the high iodine villages, further investigation should be carried out to clarify the prevention and control measures.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4795-4801, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823812

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Obtaining synovial fluid for diagnostic test of periprosthetic joint infection is invasive and painful to patients. Platelet count is a regular blood test which has been used as a possible predictor of several infectious diseases. Presumably, it could be one of the indicators of periprosthetic joint infection. OBJECTIVE: To identify the accuracies of platelet combined with white blood cell, erythrocyte sedimentation rate or C-reactive protein in the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection. METHODS: Patients undergoing revision arthroplasty from March 2013 to December 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine were retrospectively enrolled. A diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection was confirmed in 77 patients according to the criterions from the Musculoskeletal Infection Society; the remaining 137 patients were confirmed as aseptic cases. White blood cell, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, or C-reactive protein and platelet count were compared between the two groups. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were calculated. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The platelet values were significantly increased in periprosthetic joint infection cases. Sensitivity and specificity of the platelet for periprosthetic joint infection were 64.94% and 86.13%, respectively. Platelet demonstrated a higher accuracy when compared to erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. In such cases, the platelet shows a certain reference value in confirming the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection. Platelet was enough used as adjunct diagnostic tool in patients suspected with periprosthetic joint infection.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 501-504, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755155

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the impact of splenectomy and devascularization on liver function and liver fibrosis in patients with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH). Methods The clinical data of patients with NCPH who were treated in Beijing You'an Hospital of Capital Medical University from April 2008 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the observation group (n=16 ) and the control group ( n =30 ) according to their treatment methods. The observation group underwent splenectomy combined with devascularization, while the control group received conservative treatment. The changes in liver function, ascites, varicose vein rupture and bleeding before and after treat-ment, and the changes in liver blood flow before and after treatment in the observation group were compared. Results The before and after treatment of the 2 groups in ALT, AST, total bilirubin, albumin showed no statistically significant difference (P>0. 05). Six months after treatment, the rates of ascites and bleeding were significantly higher than the observation group, (P<0. 05). Ten patients who had a history of preoper-ative variceal hemorrhage in the observation group did not bleed within 6 months after treatment. Further-more, in the observation group after treatment when compared with the control group, the PC-Ⅲ [(32. 3 ± 12. 1) g/L vs. (56. 7 ± 15. 3)g/L],Ⅵ-C [(46. 6 ± 35. 0) g/L vs. (121. 3 ± 30. 4)g/L], LN [(32. 5 ± 10. 5) g/L vs. (65. 8 ± 11. 1) g/L] were significantly lower than the control group ( P <0. 05). The preoperative portal venous blood flow in the observation group was significantly higher than that after surgery [(1 056. 8 ± 679. 8) ml/min vs. (481. 0 ± 227. 6) ml/min, P<0. 05]. Conclusion Splenectomy and devascularization effectively stopped variceal bleeding and delayed liver fibrosis in NCPH patients without affecting the liver function.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 633-636, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754024

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) following aortic surgery in Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and evaluate the effect of standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies, to summarize the experience in the prevention and treatment of SCI at perioperative period of aortic surgery. Methods The clinical data of patients underwent aortic surgery admitted to vascular center of Fuwai Hospital from January 2011 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients receiving traditional spinal cord protection strategies from January 2011 to December 2016 were defined as the control group, while the patients receiving standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies from January 2017 to December 2018 were defined as the standardized treatment group. The standardized multidisciplinary treatment included preoperative cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD), respiratory tract management, and maintenance of effective circulation of the lowest venous pressure; at the same time, anticoagulation, glucocorticoid, improve microcirculation, scavenge oxygen free radicals and other adjuvant treatments were started, and nerve function was monitored to prevent complications. The changes in SCI incidence after aortic surgery between the two groups were observed in order to evaluate the effect of standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies. Meanwhile, the types of SCI after operation and the safety of CSFD were analyzed. Results During the 8-year period, 7 724 patients underwent aortic surgery at vascular center of Fuwai Hospital, 64 of which suffered from SCI after aortic surgery with total incidence of 0.83%. The onset of SCI was immediate in 39 patients (60.94%) and was delayed in 25 patients (39.06%), more than half of patients were immediate SCI. Of 64 patients with SCI, 52 patients (81.25%) underwent paraplegia and 12 (18.75%) underwent paraparesis. SCI persisted beyond discharge in 38 patients (59.38%) and 25 patients (39.06%) fully or partly recovered form SCI. One patient (1.56%) died. Compared with the control group, the incidence of SCI was decreased significantly after application of standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies. The total incidence of SCI after aortic surgery was decreased from 1.06% (52/4 893) to 0.42% (12/2 831), the incidence after aortic arch replacement under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest was decreased from 3.66% (40/1 092) to 1.11% (5/450), and the incidence after thoraco-abdominal aortic replacement was decreased from 9.40% (11/117) to 2.47% (2/81) with statistically significant difference (all P < 0.05). Perioperative CSFD analysis showed that the incidence of CSFD-related complications was low, the overall incidence was 5.45% (3/55), including 1 patient of cerebrospinal fluid leakage, 2 patients of blood cerebrospinal fluid. No serious complications such as hemorrhage and infection of central nervous system occurred. Conclusions The main type of SCI after aortic surgery was immediate, about 39% SCI patients fully or partly recovered. Standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies which included preoperative CSFD, reduced incidence of SCI after aortic surgery. The incidence of CSFD-related complications was low, which was safe and effective.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 550-553, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753545

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the urinary iodine and serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroglobulin (Tg) levels in adult women (pregnant women, lactating women, childbearing age women) in Dali City, Yunnan Province, and to explore the feasibility of TSH and Tg as indicators for iodine nutrition evaluation in pregnant women. Methods From July to December 2014, from the five districts of east, west, south, north and middle district of Dali City, Yunnan Province, one township ( town ) was selected , and 20 pregnant women in the early, middle and late stages, respectively, 20 lactating women, 20 childbearing age women were selected from each township ( town ) , collected urine and blood samples , and urinary iodine , serum TSH and Tg levels were detected. Results The medians urinary iodine (MUI) in different populations were 136.85μg/L for pregnant women (n = 356 ) , 102 . 63 μg/L for lactating women ( n = 111 ) , 166 . 21 μg/L for childbearing age women ( n = 98 ) . The medians TSH in pregnant women (n = 368), lactating women (n = 112) and childbearing age women (n = 96) were 1.995, 2.345 and 2.565 mU/L, respectively, the difference between the different populations was statistically significant(χ2=16.128, P<0.05). The medians Tg of pregnant women, lactating women and childbearing age women were 10.49, 9.28 and 9.66μg/L, respectively, the difference between the three groups was not statistically significant (χ2 = 2.083, P > 0.05). A total of 120, 126, and 122 cases of pregnant women in the early, middle, and late stages were investigated. The medians TSH of early, middle and late pregnancy were 1.850, 2.030 and 2.235 mU/L, respectively, the difference between the different stages of pregnancy was statistically significant (χ2 = 6.970, P <0.05). The medians Tg of early, middle and late stages were 10.56, 10.78 and 10.08 μg/L, respectively, the difference between the different stages of pregnancy was not statistically significant (χ2= 1.058, P > 0.05). Conclusions Tg levels are stable in the different stages of pregnancy women and it can be considered as an indicator of iodine nutrition evaluation in pregnant women.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 171-175, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746208

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect ofintravitreal injection ofconbercept in the treatment of retinopathy of premature (ROP) and to analyze the factors related to the therapy.Methods A retrospective study.A total of 57 patients (57 eyes) with pre-threshold type 1 (30 patients,30 eyes),threshold ROP (21 patients,21 eyes) and acute aggressive posterior ROP (APROP,6 patients,6 eyes)) from premature infants by retinal screening in Henan Provincial People's Hospital during October 2017 and June 2018 were enrolled in this study.All children were received routinely intravitreal injected 10 mg/ml conbercept 0.025 ml (0.25 mg) within 24 hours after diagnosis.Fundus examination was performed 7 days after injection.The interval of examination was 1-3 weeks according to fundus conditions.The mean follow-up was 30.1 ± 4.6 weeks.For patients with relapse or no response to treatment,repeated intravitreal injection of conbercept or laser photocoagulation therapy was given.The retinal blood vessels of the affected eyes were observed.Logistic stepwise regression analysis was used for the correlation test of multiple factors.Results Among 57 eyes,49eyes and 8 eyes were treated with 1 or 2 times of intravitreal injection of conbercept.After 24 weeks of treatment,in 57 eyes,26 eyes were cured (45.6%),22 eyes improved (38.6%),8 eyes relapsed (14.0%),and 1 eye aggravated (1.8%).The recurrence time was 12.9± 4.5 weeks after the first injection,and the corrected gestational age was 49.0±6.7 weeks.There were significant differences in initial injection time,lesion range among the cure,improved and recurrence eyes (F=5.124,7.122;P<0.01,< 0.01).Parameters of ROP condition,including ROP diagnosis (pre-threshold type 1,threshold and APROP),zone (zone 1 and 2),stage (stage 2 and 3) and plus lesions,were significant different among the cure,improved and recurrence eyes (x2=l 1.784,14.100,6.896,9.935;P<0.01,<0.01,<0.05,<0.01).Logistic stepwise regression analysis showed that the recurrence rate was correlated with ROP zone,more likely recurrence at zone 1 than zone 2 (Wald=9.879,OR=27.333,P=0.002).No injection-related complications such as endophthalmitis,cataract and glaucoma were found during treatment and follow-up period.Conclusions Intravitreal injection ofconbercept is effective in the treatment of ROP without obvious adverse reactions.Lesion zoning is associated with recurrence after treatment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 130-133, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744266

ABSTRACT

Objective After implementation of new standard iodized salt,to comprehensively assess the iodine nutrition levels of different populations in Dali City of Yunnan Province.Methods From 2012 to 2015,in Dali City,there were 5 districts divided into east,west,south,north and middle,each district selected 1 township (town),and each township (town) selected 4 administrative villages,15 households for edible salt in each administrative village were sampled,and the salt iodine content was measured by "General Test Method in Salt Industry Determination of Iodine" (GB/T 13025.7-2012).In 2014,in the five districts of east,west,south,north and middle of Dali City,one township (town) was selected,and 20 pregnant women in the early,middle and late stages,respectively,20 lactating women,20 ordinary healthy adults and 20 children aged 0 to 4 were selected from each township (town);one primary school in each township (town) was selected in each district,and 40 students aged 8-10 years old were selected from each primary school as the survey objects.The urine samples of the survey objects were collected,and the urinary iodine content was measured by "Method for Determination of Iodine in Urine by As3+-Ce4+ Catalytic Spectrophotometry" (WS/T 107-2006).In 2015,in each administrative village of Dali,a water source with the largest number of drinking people was investigated,and water iodine was detected by the "Method of Water Iodine Detection Suitable for Iodine Deficiency and High Iodine Areas".Through questionnaires,the sources of iodine supplementation for pregnant and lactating women were investigated.Results The qualified iodized salt consumption rate of residents was higher than 90% per year from 2012 to 2015,and median of salt iodine decreased from 29.38 mg/kg (2012) to 24.96 mg/kg (2015).The medians of urinary iodine in different populations were 136.85 μg/L for pregnant women (n =356),102.63 μg/L for lactating women (n =111),164.03 μg/L for adults (n =163),209.61 μg/L for 8-10 years old children (n =200),157.27 μg/L for children aged 0-< 2 years old (n =57),and 134.08 μg/L for 2-4 years old children (n =50).The median of iodine content of drinking water (n =142) in Dali was 0.62 μg/L,the range of iodine content was 0.00-9.92 μg/L.The average intake frequencies of iodine-rich seaweed for pregment women and lacting women were 0.99,1.07 time/month,respectively,only 1.99% (9/453) of the population supplemented iodine through multivitamin and minerals tablets.Conclusions After reduction of salt iodine content,the iodine nutrition of populations in Dali City (a low water iodine region) is generally at an appropriate level.Maintaining a higher level of qualified iodized salt consumption rate,strengthening the monitoring of different populations and promotion of healthy behaviors are key steps in prevention and control of the disease in the future.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 35-39, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702986

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the stroke classification of different age groups in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture,Sichuan Province in order to provide a basis for targeted prevention and treatment of stroke in the area. Methods From October 2011 to June 2014,a cross-sectional survey was used for cluster sampling and stratified sampling in 10000 residents,farmers,and herdsmen in Dege,Ganzi,Litang, Batang,and Kangding counties,Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture,Sichuan Province. The questionnaires were used to collect demographic characteristics,stroke,hypertension,and other information. A total of 9186 effective questionnaire responders were enrolled. According to their ages,they were divided into five groups (18-29,-39,-49,-59,and ≥60 years). The included respondents in each group were 2492,2356, 2161,943,and 1234,respectively. Strokes were classified as transient ischemic attack,cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage groups. The differences in the prevalence among the groups used chi-square test. Results In 9186 subjects, 4584 ( 49. 9%) were females and 4602(50. 1%) were males. There were 174 patients with stroke,the prevalence was 1. 89%. The incidences of stroke in 5 age groups from small to large were 0. 08%% (2/2492),0. 68% (16/2356),1. 39% (30/2161),2. 65% (25/943),and 8. 18% (101/1234),respectively. There were significant differences in the incidence of cerebrovascular diseases in different age groups (χ2 =693. 72,P<0. 01). The proportions of cerebral infarction,intracerebral hemorrhage,transient ischemic attack,and subarachnoid hemorrhage in the classification of stroke were 44.2% (n=77),43.7% (n=76),7.5% (n=13),and 4.6% (n=8),respectively. The prevalence of hypertension in the above stroke types were 77. 9% (60/77),94. 7%(72/76),7/13 and 5/8,respectively. Conclusions The prevalence of cerebrovascular diseases is high in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture,Sichuan Province,and hemorrhagic stroke is significantly higher, the incidence of hypertension is the highest,which suggests that hypertension is an important risk factor for high incidence of hemorrhagic stroke in the local area. It is necessary to do a good job of health education on stroke according to the characteristics of local stroke

15.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 232-234, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710527

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of primary gastric lymphoma.Methods Clinical data of 78 primary gastric lymphoma patients treated between September 2012 and January 2017 in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively.Results 1-year and 3-year survival rate were 86% and 68% respectively.Univariate analysis showed that the four factors including the level of serum lactate dehydrogenase (x2 =35.088,P =0.000),Musshoff stage (x2 =29.930,P =0.000),pathology types (x2 =6.077,P =0.014),IPI score (x2 =21.337,P =0.000) were associated with the prognosis.Multivariate analysis showed that Musshoff stage was an independent risk factor for the prognosis when stage Ⅰ,stage Ⅱ (OR =1.075,95% CI:0.060-19.107,P =0.961) were compared with stageⅢ (OR =11.994,95% CI:1.042-138.083,P =0.046),or stage Ⅳ (OR =13.165,95% CI:1.476-117.417,P =0.021).Conclusions Musshoff stage is an independent factor for the prognosis,surgical treatment can not prolong survival and chemotherapy is the therapy of choice.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1153-1158, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704753

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for improving related policy and list about medical insurance medicines in China. METHODS:The descriptive analysis method was used to compare 2017 and 2009 edition of Medicine List for National Basic Medical Insurance,Employment Injury Insurance and Maternity Insurance in respects of item,medicine classification (including classification code,grading and name),medicine types(including new type,removed type),dosage(including new dosage classification,adjusted dosage form),the limit of payment and use.The trend of its development and the existing problems were discussed. RESULTS:Compared with 2009 edition,2017 edition of medicine list added the item of"drug classification code"and removed the item of"English name". The grading of drug classification code was reduced from six grades to four grades. The code and name of four grades classification were in accordance with the first four grades classification rules of the anatomical-therapeutic-chemistry(ATC). A total of 2 535 types were included in 2017 edition,increasing by 362 types compared to 2009 edition(151 chemical medicines,211 Chinese patent medicines). 15 types of chemical medicines were removed,and 4 types were transferred to Chinese patent medicine list;11 types of Chinese patent medicines were removed,and one type was transferred to chemical medicine list. 2017 edition was actually 20 more dosage forms than 2009 edition,involving 31 types;dosage forms of 231 types were adjusted(143 chemical medicines,88 Chinese patent medicines). Chemical medicines of usage and payment restriction increased from 239 to 302,and Chinese patent medicines increased from 72 to 115,respectively. CONCLUSIONS:2017 edition of list increases the number of medicine,expands the scope of clinical medication and improves the classification structure of the list.The number of medical insurance cost control type shows a growing trend.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 802-806, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701432

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemic situation of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis in Yunnan Province,to evaluate the effect of prevention and control measures,to find out existing problems,and to guide the development of prevention and control measures in Yunnan Province.Methods All villages in 14 drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis areas were selected in Yunnan Province in 2015,in which the progress and effectiveness of water-improving and defluoridation projects were investigated.Fluoride content of drinking water was determined by standard test method for drinking water (GB/T 5750.5-2006),and dental fluorosis of all children aged 8 to 12 was examined.Dental fluorosis diagnosis was based on "Diagnostic Criteria for Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis"(WS/T 208-2011).Results In the 143 disease affected villages,the water improvement projects were completed in 138 villages with accomplishment rate 96.50% (138/143),127 water improvement projects were normal operated with the normal operation rate 92.03% (127/138).Totally 126 water improvement projects were tested for fluorine content and 120 of them were qualified with qualified rate 95.24% (120/126).A total of 3 449 children aged 8 to 12 were monitored,the detection rate of dental fluorosis was 4.00% (138/3 449),the dental fluorosis index was 0.08.Totally 11 out of the 14 disease affected counties had met the disease control standards.Conclusion The prevalence of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis in Yunnan Province has been under control,but management and monitoring of the water improvement projects still should be strengthened.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 370-374, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701335

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the urinary arsenic safety guideline value of a population for evaluating the arsenic exposure level in a certain population and providing evidence for the implementation of prevention and control measures in endemic arsenicosis area.Methods According to the data from the national high-arsenic drinking water sources screening in endemic arsenicosis area of drinking water type and quality supervision and inspection for water-improving project to decrease arsenic from 2005 to 2014,census data on arsenic poisoning in endemic arsenicosis area,data on surveillance of endemic arsenicosis,10 722 people with detailed personal information,complete water arsenic exposure data and accurate urinary arsenic detection data were selected to be the research objects.The relationship between urinary arsenic and water arsenic was analyzed based on the surveillance data of 4 501 people from 2013 to 2014.The safety guidance value of urinary arsenic was determined based on the geometric mean value of urinary arsenic in people exposed to water arsenic in the range of (0.050 ± 0.005) mg/L,and verified using the data of 6 221 people from 2005 to 2012.Every time,a random sample of 2 000 people was taken as the verification sample,the sensitivity and specificity of the index for determining whether water arsenic exposure exceeded the standard were determined by area under the ROC curve (AUC),and a total of 10 sample tests was performed.Results When the water arsenic concentration was less than 0.01 mg/L,the correlation coefficient of water arsenic concentration with urinary arsenic concentration was 0.097 (P < 0.01);when the water arsenic concentration was more than 0.01 mg/L and less than 0.05 mg/L,the correlation coefficient of arsenic concentration with water arsenic concentration was 0.456 (P < 0.01);when the water arsenic concentration was more than 0.05 mg/L,the correlation coefficient of water arsenic concentration with urinary arsenic concentration was 0.630 (P < 0.01).With increase of water arsenic concentration,the concentration of urinary arsenic increased significantly,and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =2 337.956,P < 0.01).When water arsenic concentration was in the range of (0.050 ± 0.005) mg/L,the urinary arsenic geometric mean was 0.032 mg/L.AUC analysis of 10 random samples of 2 000 people showed that the geometric mean of urinary arsenic was 0.032 mg/L in the population,which can accurately distinguish whether the water arsenic level exceeded 0.05 mg/L,and the AUC value was higher than 0.94.And the sensitivity and specificity were achieved 0.898 and 0.844.Conclusions The geometric mean of urinary arsenic is 0.032 mg/L,which can be used as a safety guideline value for urinary arsenic in the population.When the geometric mean of urinary arsenic exceeds this value,the population may be exposed to high arsenic.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 49-53, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701266

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the situation of iodine deficiency disorders and iodine nutrition of children in Yunnan Province after the implementation of new standard of salt iodine,and provide the basic data for prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders.Methods Using multistage sampling method,Yunnan provincial evaluations for iodine deficiency disorders elimination were carried out.According to the comparative analysis of 2010 (pre-adjustment) and 2015 (post-adjustment) evaluation results,the changes of the median of salt iodine,the coverage rate of iodized salt,the qualified rate of iodized salt,the rate of qualified iodized salt consumption,goiter rate of school children aged 8-10 and the median of urinary iodine were evaluated.Salt iodine was tested using the "Salt Industry General Test Method for Determination of Iodine" (GB/T 13025.7-1999);thyroid volume examination of children using B-scan ultrasonography,thyroid volume calculation and enlargement judgment using "Diagnostic Criteria for Endemic Goiter" (WS 276-2007);and urinary iodine detection using "Urinary Iodine Arsenic Cerium Catalytic Spectrophotometry" (WS/T 107-2006).Results The medians of salt iodine in 2010 and 2015 were 30.6 and 22.4 mg/kg,respectively,the difference was statistically significant (U =317 503.50,P < 0.01).The coverage rates of iodized salt in 2010 and 2015 were 99.6% (1 681/1 688) and 98.9% (2 592/2 622),the qualified rates of iodized salt were 98.6% (1 657/1 681) and 89.7% (2 325/2 592),and the rates of qualified iodized salt consumption were 98.2% (1 657/1 688) and 88.7% (2 325/2 622),and the differences were statistically significant (x2 =6.42,125.11,130.18,P < 0.01);the rates of children goiter in 2010 and 2015 were 0.8% (25/3 272) and 1.4%(44/3 245),respectively;the medians of urinary iodine of children were 289.0 and 157.3 μg/L,respectively,the difference was statistically significant (U =1 121 669.50,P < 0.01).Conclusion After decreasing of salt iodine level starting from 2012 in Yunnan Province,the children iodine nutrition condition is in a more proper level.

20.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 1073-1076, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733686

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer in patients with incarcerated extracorporeal hernia. Methods The clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of 9 cases of incarcerated hernias combined with colorectal cancer from January 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Results All the patients were treated with surgery. Three cases underwent Hartmann surgery and incarcerated release, high ligation of hernia sac; 2 cases underwent tumor resection and tension-free hernia repair; 1 case underwent necrotic bowel resection, tumor resection and ileal stoma and tension-free hernia repair; 1 case underwent transverse colostomy and incarcerated release, high cyst ligation; 1 case underwent tension-free hernia repair and limited colon cancer radical resection; 1 case underwent high ligation of the hernia sac and limited tumor resection. Intraoperative and postoperative pathology confirmed that this group was all incarcerated abdominal hernia combined with colorectal cancer. There were 4 patients misdiagnosed before surgery. Conclusions The diagnosis and treatment often ignore the presence of colorectal cancer due to the typical clinical manifestations of incarcerated abdominal hernia. The preoperative misdiagnosis rate is high. Completing CT scans before surgery can help clarify the diagnosis and select a reasonable surgical approach.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL