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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 918-922, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985496

ABSTRACT

To summarize the clinicopathological features and prognosis of kidney injury after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), to provide basis for preventing its occurrence and development. By using a retrospective cohort study method, we collected the clinical and renal biopsy pathological data of all the patients who hospitalized in the Department of Nephrology of Peking University First Hospital from June 2011 to June 2021 with renal injury after HSCT and underwent renal biopsy, and prognosis was followed up by telephone. The clinical laboratory characteristics, renal pathology and prognosis, and their association were analyzed. The results showed that the most common clinical phenotype was chronic kidney disease (CKD,69.2%, 18/26), in this term 13/18 patients received stem cells from haploidentical donors, and 11/18 patients experienced with extrarenal graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The most common pathologic phenotype was thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA, 61.5%, 16/26). Renal function returned to baseline level in 6 patients, and the kidney survival at 2 years and 5 years were 95.7% (22/23) and 87.5% (14/16), respectively. In conclusion, the clinical phenotype of renal injury after HSCT were mainly CKD, and the most common pathologic phenotype was TMA, the long-term prognosis was favourable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Kidney/pathology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/pathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/pathology
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1133-1138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985644

ABSTRACT

Controlling unmeasured confounders in non-randomized controlled studies is challenging. Negative control theory is based on the theoretical concept that the test result of negative controls must be negative. Setting appropriate negative control incorporates the specificity of association into population studies for the identification and control of unmeasured confounders. This paper explains the principles to control unmeasured confounders using negative control theory from a statistical perspective. A detailed introduction of derived methods based on negative control theory is also introduced, including adjusted standardized mortality ratio method, calibrating P-value method, generalized difference-in-difference model and double negative control method. The reasonable application of those derived methods is also comprehensively summarized based on representative case studies. Negative control is an important statistical design to identify, revise and control unmeasured confounders and a valuable method for comparative effectiveness research based on real-world data.


Subject(s)
Humans , Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic , Research Design , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Bias
3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 621-624, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994369

ABSTRACT

To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and management of pancreatic glucagonoma, a retrospective analysis of the clinical data and diagnostic algorithm of a patient with pancreatic glucagonoma was conducted, along with literature review. Pancreatic glucagonoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor that originates from the pancreatic alpha cells. The main manifestations of glucagonoma syndrome(GS) include necrolytic migratory erythema, diabetes, anemia, and other systemic involvement. Early diagnosis of GS is challenging and crucial. Early identification and recognition of skin lesions contribute to timely diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Surgical resection is an effective treatment modality for glucagonoma.

4.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 70-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965144

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To compare the diagnostic performance between panoramic radiography(PR)and cone beam computed tomography(CBCT)in the assessment of external root resorption(ERR)of mandibular second molars associated with impacted third molars. @*Methods@# A total number of 832 patients with 1 074 mesially and horizontally impacted mandibular third molars treated at our institution from January 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Presence of ERR on the adjacent second molar was investigated with PR and CBCT. Factors affecting the diagnostic accuracy of PR were determined. @*Results@# The overall incidence of ERR in second molars was 33.15%(356/1 074)as detected by CBCT images. The accuracy of PR was 66.39%. Multivariate Logistic regression analyses further revealed that middle and Class Ⅲ impaction, crown contact or overlap with the root of adjacent tooth were risk factors for inaccurate diagnosis of PR(P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#The accuracy of detection on ERR of mandibular second molar associated with impacted third molar using panoramic radiography is lower. CBCT is recommended for this clinical scenario.

5.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 176-183, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964930

ABSTRACT

Background In the context of improving urban environment for healthy aging, it is necessary to rationally plan and provide community living space and public service facilities suitable for the elderly, and constantly optimize the built environment towards an age-friendly city. Objective To understand the relationship between community built environment and obesity in the elderly in Longgang City, and to provide a reference basis for improving the health of the elderly. Methods Elderly adults aged 60-90 years (n=6527) who completed a physical examination during the period from October 2020 to January 2021 in Longgang City were surveyed, and data on height and weight, waist circumference (WC), and other sociological demographic characteristics were obtained. Overweight was determined by 24 kg·m−2 ≤ body mass index (BMI) < 28 kg·m−2 and obesity by BMI ≥ 28 kg·m−2. Men with WC ≥ 85 cm and women with WC ≥ 80 cm were considered central obesity. Based on the participants' residential addresses, geocoding was performed using a geographic information system, and built environment indicators such as restaurants, convenience stores, and basic medical facilities were obtained using Gaode Map. A binary logistic regression model with adjusted individual-level covariates was used to evaluate the relationship between obesity and built environment indicators among elderly adults by gender and age. Results Among the 6527 community elderly, 46.93% were male and 53.07% were female, with a mean age of (73.69±0.07) years, a mean BMI of (24.32±2.84) kg·m−2, and 51.92% of the elderly were overweight or obese. The regression results showed that for elderly men, the more convenience stores and the higher mixed land use in residential areas, the higher risk of central obesity; however, the increases in street connectivity and accessibility to parks and recreational areas were associated a decreased risk of central obesity. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was higher among elderly women with more convenience stores in residential areas, while increased street connectivity was associated with a lower prevalence of central obesity among elderly women. Accessibility to primary health care facilities was negatively associated with the risk of central obesity among the 60- to 70-year-olds. For elderly residents aged 71−80 years, higher mixed land use and better accessibility to transit stations were associated with a higher prevalence of overweight/obesity, while street connectivity was negatively associated with the central obesity. Proximity to parks and recreational areas was associated with a reduced risk of overweight/obesity among the 81- to 90-year-olds. Conclusion Among the variables of a 500-m neighborhood built environment, the number of convenience stores, mixed land use, street connectivity, accessibility to primary health care facilities, accessibility to public transit stations, and accessibility to parks and recreational areas are correlated with obesity among elderly residents, and the degree of influence varies by gender and age.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 439-442, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964245

ABSTRACT

As a key ocular structure, ciliary muscle has a major role in accommodating both eye and aqueous humor drainage. Recent studies have found that the position and shape of ciliary muscles in myopia are significantly different from those in emmetropia or hyperopia, and the differences of ciliary muscle may affect the progress of myopia by altering ocular accommodation, choroidal tension and intraocular pressure. The present evidence indicating that the thickening of posterior ciliary muscle was associated with the development of myopia, but the mechanism has not been clearly confirmed. This paper summarizes the relationship between the differences of ciliary muscle and myopia, and the possible mechanism of myopia changes affected by ciliary muscle, so as to provide reference for follow-up research.

7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 131-137, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961839

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aimed to analyze the difference in setup error before and after correction of systematic error. To determine the most appropriate image-guided strategy during HT treatment, we use different scanning ranges and image-guidance frequencies in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with helical tomotherapy (HT). MethodsFifteen patients with NPC who received HT treatment in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from October 2019 to February 2020 were selected. Megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) scanning was performed before each treatment. After five times of radiotherapy, system-error correction was performed to adjust the setup center. The setup errors before and after the correction of systematic errors, as well as the setup errors of different scanning ranges and different scanning frequencies, were collected for analysis and comparison. ResultsWhen comparing the setup errors before and after the correction of systematic error, the differences in setup errors in the left–right (LR), superior–inferior (SI), and anterior–posterior (AP) directions were statistically significant (P<0.05).The different scanning ranges of "nasopharynx + neck" and "nasopharynx" were compared, and a statistically significant difference was found in yaw rotational errors (P<0.05). In the comparison of daily and weekly scan frequency after system-error correction, a significant difference was found in AP direction (P<0.05). ConclusionDuring radiotherapy for NPC, the systematic error can be corrected according to the first five setup errors, and then small-scale scanning was selected for image-guided radiotherapy every day.

8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 252-258, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971008

ABSTRACT

Wenzhou has improved its environmental quality because of comprehensive environmental remediation; nevertheless, the semen quality of infertile males remains unclear. This study determined whether better environmental quality improved semen quality in this region. We recorded semen quality data from 22 962 infertile males from January 2014 to November 2019 at the Center for Reproductive Health of The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (Wenzhou, China). Patients were predominantly 30-35 years old (33.1%) and workers (82.0%), with high school education or lower (77.6%); more than a half of the patients (52.6%) were Wenzhou household registration; and most patients (77.5%) had abnormal semen quality. Patients who were older than 40 years and workers, and those with Wenzhou household registration, had significantly worse semen quality (all P < 0.05). From 2014 to 2019, progressive sperm motility, total sperm motility, and semen volume showed increasing linear trends in all patients (P = 0.021, 0.030, and 0.005, respectively), yet normal sperm morphology showed a linearly decreasing trend (P = 0.046). Sensitivity analyses for subgroups yielded similar results. In conclusion, the improvement of environmental quality and better function of the accessory glands are associated with progressive sperm motility, total sperm motility, and semen volume. Normal sperm morphology is influenced by occupational exposures and personal lifestyle and does not improve with environmental quality.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Semen Analysis , Semen , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Infertility, Male , Spermatozoa
9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 615-619, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982642

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA)-based fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) and plaque quantitative analysis in predicting adverse outcomes in patients with non-obstructive coronary heart disease (CAD).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of patients with non-obstructive CAD who underwent CCTA at the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University from March 2014 to March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed and followed up, and the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) was recorded. The patients were divided into MACE and non-MACE groups according to the occurrence of MACE. The clinical data, CCTA plaque characteristics including plaque length, stenosis degree, minimum lumen area, total plaque volume, non-calcified plaque volume, calcified plaque volume, plaque burden (PB) and remodelling index (RI), and CT-FFR were compared between the two groups. Multivaritate Cox proportional risk model was used to evaluate the relationship between clinical factors, CCTA parameters and MACE. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to assess the predictive power of outcome prediction model based on different CCTA parameters.@*RESULTS@#Finally 217 patients were included, of which 43 (19.8%) had MACE and 174 (80.2%) did not. The median follow-up interval was 24 (16, 30) months. The CCTA showed that patients in the MACE group had more severe stenosis than that in the non-MACE group [(44.3±3.8)% vs. (39.5±2.5)%], larger total plaque volume and non-calcified plaque volume [total plaque volume (mm3): 275.1 (197.1, 376.9), non-calcified plaque volume (mm3): 161.5 (114.5, 307.8) vs. 117.9 (77.7, 185.5)], PB and RI were larger [PB: 50.2% (42.1%, 54.8%) vs. 45.1% (38.2%, 51.7%), RI: 1.19 (0.93, 1.29) vs. 1.03 (0.90, 1.22)], CT-FFR value was lower [0.85 (0.80, 0.88) vs. 0.92 (0.87, 0.97)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that non-calcified plaques volume [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.005. 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.025-4.866], PB ≥ 50% (HR = 3.146, 95%CI was 1.443-6.906), RI ≥ 1.10 (HR = 2.223, 95%CI was 1.002-1.009) and CT-FFR ≤ 0.87 (HR = 2.615, 95%CI was 1.016-6.732) were independent predictors of MACE (all P < 0.05). The model based on CCTA stenosis degree+CT-FFR+quantitative plaque characteristics (including non-calcified plaque volume, RI, PB) [area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.91, 95%CI was 0.87-0.95] had significantly better predictive efficacy for adverse outcomes than the model based on CCTA stenosis degree (AUC = 0.63, 95%CI was 0.54-0.71) and the model based on CCTA stenosis degree+CT-FFR (AUC = 0.71, 95%CI was 0.63-0.79; both P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#CT-FFR and plaque quantitative analysis based on CCTA are helpful in predicting adverse outcomes in patients with non-obstructive CAD. Non-calcified plaque volume, RI, PB and CT-FFR are important predictors of MACE. Compared with the prediction model based on stenosis degree and CT-FFR, the combined plaque quantitative index can significantly improve the prediction efficiency of adverse outcomes in patients with non-obstructive CAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Coronary Angiography/methods , Constriction, Pathologic , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Predictive Value of Tests , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 273-277, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928903

ABSTRACT

A high-precision human metabolic measurement system is designed. The system uses STM32F103 as the main control chip to acquire oxygen, carbon dioxide and flow signals to calculate four quantitative indicators: oxygen consumption(VO2), carbon dioxide production(VCO2), respiratory entropy(RQ) and resting energy metabolism(REE), and finally uses an upper computer to display the calculation results.In this paper, the signal acquisition circuit design was carried out for the oxygen sensor, carbon dioxide sensor and flow sensor, and the validity of the device was verified with the American machine MGCDiagnositcs using Bland-Altman analysis method, and the results showed that the four parameters of VO2,VCO2, RQ and REE of both devices fell in the agreement interval of more than 95%. The device thus provides accurate metabolic measurements and offers an effective tool for the field of general health and clinical nutrition support in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calorimetry, Indirect , Carbon Dioxide/metabolism , Energy Metabolism , Oxygen , Oxygen Consumption
11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 256-265, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936003

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects and mechanism of hydrogen peroxide (HP) pretreatment with low molarity on oxidative stress induced apoptosis of mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Methods: The experimental research methods were used. BMSCs were isolated and cultured from two 2-week-old male BALB/c mice by the whole bone marrow culture method. The 3rd-7th passages of cells in logarithmic growth phase were used for the experiments after identification. According to the random number table (the same grouping method below), the cells were divided into 0 μmol/L HP group (without HP, the same below), 25 μmol/L HP group, 50 μmol/L HP group, 100 μmol/L HP group, 150 μmol/L HP group, 200 μmol/L HP group, 250 μmol/L HP group, and 300 μmol/L HP group in which cells were treated by the corresponding final molarity of HP, respectively. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry (n=4) after 24 hours of culture. The cells were divided into 0 μmol/L HP group, 25 μmol/L HP group, 50 μmol/L HP group, and 100 μmol/L HP group in which cells were treated by the corresponding final molarity of HP, respeclively. After 24 hours of culture, the protein expressions of B-lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-related X protein (Bax) were detected by Western blotting, and the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was calculated (n=3). The cells were divided into 0 μmol/L HP group, 25 μmol/L HP group, 50 μmol/L HP group, 100 μmol/L HP group, 200 μmol/L HP group, and 300 μmol/L HP group in which cells were treated by the corresponding final molarity of HP, respectively. After 24 hours of culture, the protein expressions of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) and phosphorylated GSK-3β (p-GSK-3β) were detected by Western blotting (n=3). The cells were divided into 0 μmol/L HP group, 50 μmol/L HP group, and 300 μmol/L HP group in which cells were treated by the corresponding final molarity of HP, respeclively, and HP pretreatment group with 50 μmol/L HP being added in advance for 12 h and then 300 μmol/L HP being added. After 24 hours of culture, the morphology and growth of cells were observed by inverted fluorescence microscopy (non-fluorescent condition) and immunofluorescence method, the apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry, the protein expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, cysteine aspartic acid specific protease-3 (caspase-3), caspase-9, cleavage caspase-3, cleavage caspase-9, GSK-3β, and p-GSK-3β were detected by Western blotting, and the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was calculated, with all the number of samples being 3. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni test. Results: After 24 hours of culture, compared with that in 0 μmol/L HP group, the apoptosis rate of cells did not change significantly in 25 μmol/L HP group, 50 μmol/L HP group, or 100 μmol/L HP group (P>0.05) but increased significantly in 150 μmol/L HP group, 200 μmol/L HP group, 250 μmol/L HP group, and 300 μmol/L HP group (P<0.01). After 24 hours of culture, compared with that in 0 μmol/L HP group, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio of cells increased significantly in 25 μmol/L HP group and 50 μmol/L HP group (P<0.05 or P<0.01) but decreased significantly in 100 µmol/L HP group (P<0.05). After 24 hours of culture, compared with those in 0 μmol/L HP group, the protein expression of GSK-3β in cells showed no significant change in 25 μmol/L HP group and 50 μmol/L HP group (P>0.05), the protein expressions of p-GSK-3β in cells significantly increased in 25 μmol/L HP group and 50 μmol/L HP group (P<0.01), the protein expressions of GSK-3β and p-GSK-3β in cells in 100 μmol/L HP group showed no significant change (P>0.05), the protein expressions of GSK-3β in cells in 200 μmol/L HP group and 300 μmol/L HP group were significantly increased (P<0.05). but the protein expression of p-GSK-3β in cells in 200 μmol/L HP group and 300 μmol/L HP group was significantly decreased (P<0.05). After 24 hours of culture, the morphology and growth of cells in 0 μmol/L HP group and 50 μmol/L HP group were similar and normal; in contrast, the cells in 300 µmol/L HP group became smaller and round, with the cell protrusions being shorter or disappeared, the nucleus being cavitated, and the cell abscission being increased significantly; the morphology of most cells in HP pretreatment group was normal, with the shedding of cells being less than that in 300 µmol/L HP group, and the morphology of nucleus being normal. After 24 hours of culture, the protein expression of caspase-9 was similar among the four groups (P>0.05). Compared with that in 0 μmol/L HP group, the apoptosis rate and the protein expressions of cleavage caspase-9, caspase-3, and cleavage caspase-3 of cells in 50 μmol/L HP group showed no significant changes (P>0.05), the Bcl-2/Bax ratio of cells in 50 μmol/L HP group increased significantly (P<0.05), the apoptosis rate and the protein expressions of cleavage caspase-9, caspase-3, and cleavage caspase-3 of cells in 300 μmol/L HP group were significantly increased (P<0.01), while the Bcl-2/Bax ratio of cells in 300 μmol/L HP group was significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with those in 300 μmol/L HP group, the apoptosis rate and the protein expressions of cleavage caspase-9, caspase-3, and cleavage caspase-3 of cells were significantly decreased in HP pretreatment group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the Bcl-2/Bax ratio of cells was significantly increased in HP pretreatment group (P<0.01). After 24 hours of culture, the protein expressions of GSK-3β and p-GSK-3β of cells in 0 μmol/L HP group, 50 μmol/L HP group, 300 μmol/L HP group, and HP pretreatment group were 1.09±0.14, 0.62±0.17, 1.35±0.21, 0.74±0.34, 0.68±0.03, 0.85±0.08, 0.38±0.10, and 0.54±0.09, respectively. Compared with those in 0 μmol/L HP group, the protein expression of p-GSK-3β of cells was significantly increased in 50 μmol/L HP group (P<0.05) but significantly decreased in 300 μmol/L HP group (P<0.01), while the protein expression of GSK-3β of cells was significantly increased in 300 μmol/L HP group (P<0.05). Compared with those in 300 μmol/L HP group, the protein expression of GSK-3β of cells was significantly decreased in HP pretreatment group (P<0.01), while the protein expression of p-GSK-3β of cells was significantly increased in HP pretreatment group (P<0.01). Conclusions: The molarity of 50 μmol/L may be the optimal molarity of HP to pretreat mouse BMSCs, and 50 μmol/L HP pretreatment can antagonize mitochondrial pathway of oxidative stress induced apoptosis by inhibiting the activity of GSK-3β.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Apoptosis , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/pharmacology , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oxidative Stress
12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 479-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935312

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of Yersinia enterocolitica in patients with diarrhea in Pudong New Area, Shanghai. Methods: Active surveillance of diarrhea was conducted in 14 sentinel hospitals (three tertiary-level hospitals, nine secondary-level hospitals, and two primary-level hospitals) from January 2013 to December 2019 in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, China base on their location, catchment area, and patient volume. Cold enrichment method was used to isolate Y. enterocolitica and further detection of bioserotype, virulence genes and antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates were conducted. The difference of rates was determined using chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Results: A total of 12 941 diarrhea cases were included, and 0.7% (88/12 941) cases were confirmed with Yersinia enterocolitica infection. 67.0% (59/88) cases were single infection, 33.0% (29/88) cases were mixed infections. Detection rates of Y. enterocolitica increased annually (0.3%-1.2%) and were highest in children<5 years of age (1.1%, 37/3 218) and in spring (1.1%, 32/2 998) (χ2 were 18.64 and 9.76, respectively, P<0.05). 58.0% (51/88) cases had watery diarrhea, 15.9% (14/88) had fever and 14.8% (13/88) had vomiting. The predominant bioserotypes were 3/O:3 (53.4%, 47/88), followed by 1A/O:8 (15.9%, 14/88) and 1A/O:5(6.8%, 6/88), respectively. Bioserotype 3/O:3 counted for the highest proportions (89.2%, 33/37) in children <5 years of age. All the strains of bioserotype 3/O:3 harbored ail, ystA, yadA and virF genes, which encoded pathogenic Y. enterocolitica. 11/14 strain of 1A/O:8 and 4/6 strains of 1A/O:5 harbored ystB gene. Most strains were resistant to ampicillin (80.7%,71/88) and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (71.6%,63/88), and 63.8% (56/88) strains were multidrug resistance (MDR). The difference of antimicrobial resistance rates between 3/O:3 and non 3/O:3 was statistically significant in ampicillin, cefoxitin, nalidixic acid, tetracycline and ampicillin/sulbactam (χ2 was 14.68, 43.80, 41.86, 30.54 and 5.07, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusion: The detection rate of Yersinia enterocolitica was higher in children than in adults in Pudong New Area , Shanghai. The predominant bioserotype was pathogenic 3/O:3 with multidrug resistance.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Ampicillin , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , China/epidemiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Yersinia enterocolitica
13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 36-42, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922573

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate whether skin tests are suitable to predict the allergy reactions induced by Chinese herbal injections (CHIs).@*METHODS@#The skin tests including skin prick tests (SPT), intradermal tests (IDT) and provocation tests including subcutaneous tests and intravenous tests were administered to 249 healthy subjects and 180 allergic patients for 3 CHIs, including ginkgolide injection, diterpene ginkgolide meglumine injection and Salvianolate lyophilized injection. The results of the provocation tests were used as the "gold standard" to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the skin tests.@*RESULTS@#The results did not show any significant differences between the healthy and allergy groups in both skin tests and provocation tests (P>0.05). The specificities of SPT and IDT were 0.976 and 0.797, respectively, and the sensitivities of both SPT and IDT were 0.@*CONCLUSION@#Skin tests are insufficient to predict the likelihood of allergic reactions resulting from CHIs. (ChiCTR-CPC-15006921).


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Hypersensitivity , Intradermal Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity , Skin Tests
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 109-115, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940558

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the curative effect of Jiedu Huayu granules (JDHY) in the treatment of chronic liver failure (CLF) with the syndrome of toxic heat and stasis and investigate the influence on the inflammatory state. MethodA total of 136 patients were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group with 68 cases in each group. In addition to the comprehensive western medicine treatment, patients in the control group received Yinchen Haotang granules orally at 1 dose/day and those in the observation group received JDHY at 10 g/time,3 times/day. The treatment lasted for eight weeks. The endotoxin (ET),diamine oxidase (DAO),aromatic amino acids (AAA),branched chain amino acids (BCAA),blood ammonia,calcitonin (PCT),tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin (IL)-1,IL-6,IL-17,regulatory T cells (Treg cells),helper T cells 17 (Th17),Th17/Treg ratio,total bilirubin (TBil),albumin (Alb),alanine aminotransferase (ALT),aspartate aminotransferase (AST),prothrombin activity (PTA), and D-dimer (D-D) levels before and after treatment were detected. The Child-Pugh grading scores of liver function, toxic heat and stasis syndrome scores, and the model scores of end-stage liver disease(MELD) before and after treatment were recorded. The fatality rate and survival were recorded at the follow-up for 48 weeks. ResultCompared with the control group after treatment, the observation group showed decreased ET,DAO, and blood ammonia, increased BCAA/AAA ratio (P<0.01), reduced PCT,TNF-α,IL-1,IL-6, and IL-17 (P<0.01), elevated Treg cells, dwindled Th17 and Th17/Treg ratio (P<0.01), diminished TBil,ALT,AST, and D-D levels, and up-regulated Alb and PTA(P<0.01). The Child-Pugh grading score,MELD score, and toxic-heat and stasis syndrome score of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (P<0.01). The total response rate in the observation group was 93.65% (59/63),which was higher than 79.03% (49/62) in the control group (χ2=5.683,P<0.05). The fatality rate of the observation group eight weeks after treatment was 6.35% (4/63),which was lower than 19.35% (12/62) of the control group (χ2=4.757,P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mortality between the two groups 16,24, and 48 weeks after treatment. As revealed by the Log-rank test,the difference in survival curves between the two groups was not statistically significant. ConclusionJDHY can remove toxins from the body,regulate immune function,relieve inflammation,improve liver function, and reduce the severity of the disease in CLF patients with the syndrome of toxic heat and stasis. It is significant in clinical efficacy and worthy of clinical application.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1812-1815, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906811

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study investigated the use of rush and related factors among HIV positive male students in Beijing, and provided suggestions for education and intervention.@*Methods@#Data on HIV positive male students was collected from 2017 to June 30, 2020 in Beijing and analyzed in SPSS 20.0.@*Results@#A total of 200 valid questionnaires were collected. The mean age at HIV diagnosis was (22.18±2.70) years. The rate of using rush was 46.00%. The proportion with homosexual behavior before infection was 92.00%. The results of multivariate analysis showed that meeting sexual partners through the Internet( OR=3.84, 95%CI =1.65-8.96), drinking alcohol( OR=3.26, 95%CI =1.51-7.02), group homosexual behavior( OR=4.84, 95%CI =1.71-13.71), and STD diagnosis ( OR=0.23, 95%CI =1.02-4.87) were associated with the use of rush before infection.@*Conclusion@#The rate of rush use was higher among male students infected with HIV. Government regulation could be strengthened and drug abuse could be prevented through better health education for students.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1776-1780, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze factors affecting the delay in the case finding, treatment and diagnosis of tuberculosis among students during 2014-2020,and to provide a reference for the prevention and control measures of tuberculosis among students in Guiyang City.@*Methods@#The medical cases of students with tuberculosis from 2014 to 2020 recorded by "China Disease Prevention and Control Information System" were collected and trend of delays in the detection, treatment, and diagnosis of students with tuberculosis were analyzed, and χ 2 test and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze influencing factors.@*Results@#From 2014 to 2020, the rate of delay in the case finding, treatment, and diagnosis of tuberculosis among students in Guiyang showed a relatively stable trend. From 2014 to 2020, Guiyang City reported a total of 1 323 valid cases, the median number of case finding was 16 days,and 48.75% of student TB patients were delayed; the median number of treatment was 11 days, the delay rate of treatment was 43.46%; the median number of diagnosis was 0 day, the diagnosis delay rate was 11.87%. The results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the floating population was a risk factor for delay in case finding ( OR =1.45), the classification of the source of patients as "other" ( OR =0.19), the level of the first diagnosed unit was county ( OR =0.44), and the type of the first diagnosed unit was general hospital ( OR =0.58) were the protective factors for the delayed case finding of tuberculosis in students( P <0.05). Female ( OR =1.32) and floating population ( OR =1.38) were risk factors for delayed treatment. Floating population ( OR =1.51), rural areas ( OR =4.30), urban fringe ( OR =2.76),non severe patients ( OR =5.99) were risk factors for delayed diagnosis,females ( OR =0.65), ethnic minorities ( OR =0.38), college degree ( OR =0.53), and the first diagnosis unit wae a specialist hospital ( OR =0.22) were protective factors for delayed diagnosis of tuberculosis in students ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The rates of tuberculosis case finding and treatment delay among students are common, which warrants targeted prevention and control measures to reduce the incidence of student delays and reduce the risk of tuberculosis cluster epidemics in schools.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1637-1644, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922308

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and prognostic factors of bone marrow necrosis (BMN) patients, aim to avoid misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis or delayed treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 51 BMN patients treated in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2010 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The types of primary disease, etiology, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, radiological findings, treatment outcomes and prognostic factors were summrized, and the reasons for misdiagnosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 51 BMN patients, the hematologic tumor was detected out in 32 patients; solid tumors caused- BMN was detected out in 14 patients, benign lesions for 5 patients. The time of interval from the appearance of symptoms to the confirmation of BMN was 7 days to 6 months, with a median of 35 days. Misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis occurred in 25.5% of the BMN patients. Anemia was found in all of the 51 BMN patients, fever accounted for 58.8%, systemic bone pain for 52.9%, bleeding for 29.4%, lymphadenectasis for 37.3%, and hepatosplenomegaly for 19.6%. Leukoerythroblastic anemia accounted for 84.3%, bicytopenia for 51.0%, pancytopenia for 25.5%, and monocytopenia for 23.5%. The serologic test revealed no specific results. The first bone marrow aspiration were 38 patients and multi-site puncture were 7 patients. The diagnostic coincidence rate of bone marrow smear was 88.2%. Among 51 BMN patients, 41 patients received bone marrow biopsy, and the diagnostic coincidence rate of bone marrow biopsy was 75.6%. The abnormal signals were found in multiple vertebral bodies by spinal/pelvic MRI scan in 13 BMN patients; PET-CT scan revealed a diffuse pattern of low FDG uptake in the bone marrow in 16 patients, with a local increase in FDG uptake accompanied by bone marrow involvement. For 46 patients with BMN combined with malignancies, among which 35 patients died (76.1%) and the median survival time was 25 days. Among the 32 patients with hematologic tumors, early death occurred in 12 patients, BMN disappeared in 11 out of 20 patients received active chemotherapy for the primary disease, 9 patients died within 1 week to 3 months. Fourteen patients combined with bone marrow metastatic carcinoma died within 2 weeks to 3 months. Focal necrosis disappeared in 4 out of 5 BMN patients secondary to non-malignant diseases after symptomatic supportive treatment and still alived. Multiple logistic regression was performed to analyze factors affecting the prognosis of BMN patients, the result showed that the prognosis of BMN was closely related to the factors of primary disease (benign and malignant). The reasons for misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis were as follows: hidden onset of the primary disease, nonspecific symptoms, insufficient understanding and alertness of the physicians regarding the primary clinical characteristics and hematological abnormalities, and failure to receive multiple sites bone marrow punctures or bone marrow biopsies.@*CONCLUSION@#BMN usually occurs concomitantly to hematologic tumors and bone marrow metastases from solid tumors. Its prognosis is closely related to the nature and severity of the primary disease and its own severity. In the clinic, BMN should be suspected in patients with severe bone pain, fever, hepatosplenomegaly, hemocytopenia, lymphadenectasis and leukoerythroblastic anemia. Bone marrow puncture at multiple positions and bone marrow biopsy can compensate for each other in the diagnosis of BMN. The combined use of the two methods can improve the diagnostic coincidence rate of BMN, and the positive rate of the etiological diagnosis of BMN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Diagnostic Errors , Necrosis , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 314-318, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879762

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the trend in semen quality of infertile male patients in Wenzhou, China, based on the data obtained from 38 905 patients during 2008-2016 in The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (Wenzhou, China). The results showed that only 24.9% of the patients had normal semen quality. For the semen quality of infertile male patients, that of the workers and 40-year-olds was significantly worse than the other occupational and age groups. For all the infertile patients, low semen volume, asthenozoospermia, and teratozoospermia accounted for 8.4%, 50.5%, and 54.1%, respectively. During 2008-2016, the annual mean percentage of fast forward motile spermatozoa, percentage of total forward motile spermatozoa, and percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology decreased linearly with slopes of -2.11, -2.59, and -0.70, respectively. The proportion of patients with asthenozoospermia and multi-abnormal spermatozoa increased during 2008-2016 with slopes of 4.70 and 4.87, respectively, while for low semen volume, it decreased with a slope of -0.47 in the same time period. The proportion of patients with teratozoospermia increased from 2008 to 2011 and from 2011 to 2016 with slopes of 17.10 and 2.09, respectively. In general, the deteriorating trend of semen quality of infertile male patients in Wenzhou was obvious. Future efforts should be made to reveal the adverse influences on semen quality, such as occupational exposure, environmental quality, and living habits. Furthermore, more pervasive reproduction health education is necessary.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 148-152, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787635

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinical characteristics of cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia and a preliminary study to explore the relationship between different clinical classification and liver damage. Consecutively confirmed novel coronavirus infection cases admitted to seven designated hospitals during January 23, 2020 to February 8, 2020 were included. Clinical classification (mild, moderate, severe, and critical) was carried out according to the diagnosis and treatment program of novel coronavirus pneumonia (Trial Fifth Edition) issued by the National Health Commission. The research data were analyzed using SPSS19.0 statistical software. Quantitative data were expressed as median (interquartile range), and qualitative data were expressed as frequency and rate. 32 confirmed cases that met the inclusion criteria were included. 28 cases were of mild or moderate type (87.50%), and four cases (12.50%) of severe or critical type. Four cases (12.5%) were combined with one underlying disease (bronchial asthma, coronary heart disease, malignant tumor, chronic kidney disease), and one case (3.13%) was simultaneously combined with high blood pressure and malignant tumor. The results of laboratory examination showed that the alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (ALB), and total bilirubin (TBil) for entire cohort were 26.98 (16.88 ~ 46.09) U/L and 24.75 (18.71 ~ 31.79) U/L, 39.00 (36.20 ~ 44.20) g/L and 16.40 (11.34- ~ 21.15) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the mild or moderate subgroups were 22.75 (16.31- ~ 37.25) U/L, 23.63 (18.71 ~ 26.50) U/L, 39.70 (36.50 ~ 46.10) g/L, and 15.95 (11.34 ~ 20.83) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the severe or critical subgroups were 60.25 (40.88 ~ 68.90) U/L, 37.00 (20.88 ~ 64.45) U/L, 35.75 (28.68 ~ 42.00) g/L, and 20.50 (11.28 ~ 25.00) mmol/L, respectively. The results of this multicenter retrospective study suggests that novel coronavirus pneumonia combined with liver damage is more likely to be caused by adverse drug reactions and systemic inflammation in severe patients receiving medical treatment. Therefore, liver function monitoring and evaluation should be strengthened during the treatment of such patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 246-252, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870027

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aim of this study was to examine the change of serum bone-derived hormones osteocalcin and lipocalin 2 (LCN2) level in patients with active acromegaly, and to further investigate the potential role of osteocalcin and LCN2 in glucose metabolism.Methods:Fifty consecutive patients diagnosed as acromegaly in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from December 2016 to August 2018 were recruited. Of those, 41 patients after operations with complete follow-up data were also included. 30 sex, age, and body mass index matched healthy persons as normal controls. Serum osteocalcin and LCN2 levels were compared between controls and patients with acromegaly, as well as at pre- and post- operation periods. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to investigate the correlation between bone-derived hormones and glucose metabolism indexes and to determine the independent associations between variables.Results:Compared with normal controls, serum osteocalcin increased [(55.45±34.02 vs 19.46±6.69)ng/ml, P<0.01] and LCN2 levels decreased [(34.15±9.95 vs 57.50±29.75)ng/ml, P<0.01] in patients with acromegaly. Homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was also elevated ( P<0.01), but homeostasis model assessment for β cell function (HOMA-β) and area under curve of insulin during 0-120 min of the oral glucose tolerance test (AUC INS) changed non-significantly in acromegaly compared to normal controls ( P>0.05). After operation, with the decrease of serum growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), serum osteocalcin level decreased [24.79(18.39, 32.59) vs 43.51(26.73, 65.66)ng/ml, P<0.01] and LCN2 level increased [(45.15±15.33 vs 37.03±9.73)ng/ml, P<0.05] significantly compare to pre-operation levels. In a multivariate linear stepwise regression analysis, lean mass was shown to be the only positive predictor for LCN2 ( β=0.44, P=0.015) and elevated serum IGF-1 was a positive predictor for osteocalcin ( β=0.512, P<0.01). In the multivariate models, low LCN2 ( β=-0.398, P=0.017) and elevated serum osteocalcin ( β=0.553, P=0.001) were predictors for AUC INS, osteocalcin was a positive predictor of HOMA- β ( β=0.519, P=0.004). GH ( β=0.294, P=0.029) and IGF-1( β = 0.428, P=0.002) were all identified as positive predictors of HOMA-IR during multivariate testing in acromegaly patients. Conclusions:Acromegaly patients had increased osteocalcin and decreased LCN2 serum levels, and corresponding alteration was detected with the correction of biochemical abnormalities. Serum osteocalcin and LCN2 were predictors of β-cell function in acromegaly patients. This study adds new evidence for the role of bone in regulating glucose metabolism in acromegaly.

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