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1.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 346-359, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897659

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Besifovir dipivoxil maleate (BSV), an acyclic nucleotide phosphonate, shows potent antiviral activity against hepatitis B virus. Our previous 48-week trial revealed that BSV has comparable antiviral efficacy to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and better safety profiles in terms of improved renal and bone safety. This extension study evaluated the prolonged efficacy and safety of BSV in treatment-naive chronic hepatitis B patients. @*Methods@#Patients continued to participate in an open-label BSV study after an initial 48-week double-blind comparison of BSV and TDF treatment. The antiviral efficacy and drug safety was evaluated up to 192 weeks in two groups: patients continuing BSV treatment (BSV-BSV) and patients switching from TDF to BSV after 48 weeks (TDF-BSV). @*Results@#Among 197 patients receiving randomized treatments, 170 (86%) entered the open-label phase and 152 (77%) entered the 192-week extension study. Virological response rates over 192 weeks were 92.50% and 93.06% in the BSV-BSV and TDF-BSV groups, respectively (P=0.90). Hepatitis B envelop antigen seroconversion and alanine aminotransferase normalization rates were similar between the groups (P=0.75 and P=0.36, respectively). There were no drug-resistant mutations to BSV. Bone mineral density and renal function were well preserved in the BSV-BSV group, whereas these initially worsened then recovered after switching therapy in the TDF-BSV group. @*Conclusions@#BSV maintained potent antiviral efficacy after 192 weeks and showed no evidence of drug resistance. BSV was safe, well tolerated, and effective in patients who switched from TDF to BSV. Trial Registration Number: NCT01937806 (date: 10 Sep 2013).

2.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 346-359, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889955

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Besifovir dipivoxil maleate (BSV), an acyclic nucleotide phosphonate, shows potent antiviral activity against hepatitis B virus. Our previous 48-week trial revealed that BSV has comparable antiviral efficacy to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and better safety profiles in terms of improved renal and bone safety. This extension study evaluated the prolonged efficacy and safety of BSV in treatment-naive chronic hepatitis B patients. @*Methods@#Patients continued to participate in an open-label BSV study after an initial 48-week double-blind comparison of BSV and TDF treatment. The antiviral efficacy and drug safety was evaluated up to 192 weeks in two groups: patients continuing BSV treatment (BSV-BSV) and patients switching from TDF to BSV after 48 weeks (TDF-BSV). @*Results@#Among 197 patients receiving randomized treatments, 170 (86%) entered the open-label phase and 152 (77%) entered the 192-week extension study. Virological response rates over 192 weeks were 92.50% and 93.06% in the BSV-BSV and TDF-BSV groups, respectively (P=0.90). Hepatitis B envelop antigen seroconversion and alanine aminotransferase normalization rates were similar between the groups (P=0.75 and P=0.36, respectively). There were no drug-resistant mutations to BSV. Bone mineral density and renal function were well preserved in the BSV-BSV group, whereas these initially worsened then recovered after switching therapy in the TDF-BSV group. @*Conclusions@#BSV maintained potent antiviral efficacy after 192 weeks and showed no evidence of drug resistance. BSV was safe, well tolerated, and effective in patients who switched from TDF to BSV. Trial Registration Number: NCT01937806 (date: 10 Sep 2013).

3.
Gut and Liver ; : 783-791, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833170

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration (PARTO) is widely used to manage gastric varices with a portosystemic shunt. It is not clear whether portal pressure and the incidence of complications increase after PARTO. The aim of this study was to determine the changes in portal pressure and the associated changes in liver func-tion, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, and especially esopha-geal varix (EV) after PARTO. @*Methods@#From March 2012 to February 2018, 54 patients who underwent PARTO were analyzed retrospectively. The parameters collected included liver function and episodes of cirrhotic complications before and at 1 and 6 months after PARTO. @*Results@#The analysis of 54 patients showed improvement in liver function during the 6-month follow-up period (Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score: change from 11.46±4.35 to 10.33±2.96, p=0.021).Among these 54 patients, 25 patients were evaluated for their hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) before and after PARTO (change from 12.52±3.83 to 14.68±5.03 mm Hg; p<0.001). Twenty-five patients with portal pressure mea-sured before and after PARTO were evaluated for risk factors affecting liver function improvement and EV deterioration. No factor associated with portal pressure was affected by liver function improvement. Post-PARTO portal pressure was a risk factor affecting EV deterioration (HVPG-post: odds ratio, 1.341; 95% confidence interval, 1.017 to 1.767; p=0.037). @*Conclusions@#The artificial blockade of the portosystemic shunt evidently leads to an increase in HVPG. Liver function was improved over the 6-month follow-up period. Portal pres-sure after PARTO was a significant risk factor for EV deterioration. Portal pressure measurement is helpful for predicting the patient’s clinical outcome.

4.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 989-997, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#This study was conducted to clarify the sustained virological response (SVR) prediction ability of baseline and treatment-related factors in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study collected data at four tertiary referral hospitals between June 2004 and July 2012. Out of 476 patients, 330 treatment-naïve patients with chronic HCV infection were recruited. Pegylated interferon α-2a/-2b plus ribavirin was administered for either 24 or 48 weeks depending on the HCV genotype. The baseline and treatment-related predictive factors of SVR were evaluated by analyzing data measured before treatment (i.e., baseline) and during treatment.@*RESULTS@#SVR rates for genotypes 1 and 2 were 63% (97/154) and 79.5% (140/176), respectively (p = 0.001). Multivariate analysis for baseline factors revealed that young age (p = 0.009), genotype 2 (p = 0.001), HCV RNA level of 150 × 10³/µL (p 150 × 10³/µL. In multivariate analysis for treatment-related factors, SVR was associated with achievement of a rapid virological response (RVR; p < 0.001), treatment adherence of ≥ 80/80/80 (p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Young age, genotype 2, low HCV RNA level, RVR, and treatment adherence were significantly associated with SVR. In addition, platelet count was an independent predictive factor for SVR. Therefore, platelet count could be used to develop individualized treatment regimens and to optimize treatment outcomes in patients with chronic HCV infection.

5.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1223-1232, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919123

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is performed for single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that are not eligible for surgery or ablation therapy. We investigated the clinical outcomes of patients with a single HCC ≤ 5 cm treated with TACE.@*METHODS@#This study analyzed 175 consecutive patients who underwent TACE as an initial treatment for single HCC ≤ 5 cm. Predictive factors for complete response (CR), recurrence after CR, and overall survival (OS) were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Total 119 patients (68%) achieved CR after TACE. Tumor size 65 years and absence of liver cirrhosis were predictive factors for non-recurrence after CR (p < 0.05). The OS for all patients was 80.7 ± 5.6 months, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 88.1%, 64.8%, and 49.9%, respectively. In multivariate analysis for OS, CR (hazard ratio [HR], 0.467; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.292 to 0.747) and Child class A (HR, 0.390; 95% CI, 0.243 to 0.626) were significant factors. The OS for the CR and Child class A group were 92 and 93.6 months, respectively, and that of the non-CR and Child B, C group were 53.3 and 50.7 months, respectively (p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TACE can be a valid treatment in patients with a single HCC ≤ 5 cm not suitable for curative treatment, especially in patients with Child class A and CR after TACE.

6.
Gut and Liver ; : 191-196, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763829

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of daclatasvir (DCV) and asunaprevir (ASV) in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on hemodialysis. METHODS: We performed a single-arm, multicenter prospective study. Twenty-one chronic hemodialysis patients with HCV infection were prospectively enrolled from February 2016 to April 2017. We evaluated the virological responses at weeks 4, 12, and 24 (end of treatment [EOT]) and the sustained virological response at 12 weeks after the EOT (SVR12). The tolerability and safety of the drugs were also assessed. RESULTS: None of the 20 patients had the NS5A resistance-associated variant (NS5A RAV), and one patient was indeterminate for the NS5A RAV. Seventeen patients (80%) completed the 24 weeks of treatment with DCV and ASV. Four patients discontinued the study prior to week 12. In an intention-to-treat analysis, the SVR12 was 76.1%. In a per-protocol analysis, patients who completed DCV and ASV treatment achieved an SVR12 of 100%. DCV and ASV were well tolerated by the majority of patients. Three patients discontinued treatment due to adverse events (AEs) including dizziness, dyspnea, and neutropenia. The patient with indeterminate NS5A RAV showed viral breakthrough and discontinued treatment. CONCLUSIONS: DCV and ASV combination therapy in chronic hemodialysis patients with HCV infection achieved a high SVR12 rate with few AEs. To maximize the SVR12 rate, it is important to identify candidates by baseline RAV testing. Close monitoring of the safety and tolerability of DCV and ASV may be necessary in HCV-infected patients on hemodialysis. (ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT02580474)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dizziness , Dyspnea , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Hepatitis , Neutropenia , Prospective Studies , Renal Dialysis
7.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e99-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713719

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the severe complications of liver cirrhosis. Early detection of high-risk patients is essential for prognostic improvement. The aim of this study is to investigate the predictive factors related to in-hospital mortality in patients with SBP. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 233 SBP patients (181 males, 52 females) who were admitted to four tertiary referral hospitals between August 2002 and February 2013. The patients' laboratory and radiologic data were obtained from medical records. The Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score and model for end-stage liver disease sodium model (MELD-Na) scores were calculated using the laboratory data recorded at the time of the SBP episode. RESULTS: The causes of liver cirrhosis were hepatitis B (44.6%), alcohol (43.8%), hepatitis C (6.0%), and cryptogenic cirrhosis (5.6%). The mean MELD-Na and CTP scores were 27.1 and 10.7, respectively. Thirty-one of the patients (13.3%) died from SBP in hospital. Multivariate analysis revealed that maximum creatinine level during treatment was a statistically significant factor for in-hospital mortality (P = 0.005). The prognostic accuracy of the maximum creatinine level during treatment was 78.0% (P < 0.001). The optimal cutoff point for the maximum serum creatinine was 2 mg/dL (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The follow-up creatinine level during treatment is an important predictive factor of in-hospital mortality in cirrhotic patients with SBP. Patients with SBP and a serum creatinine level during treatment of ≥ 2.0 mg/dL might have a high risk of in-hospital mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Creatinine , Cytidine Triphosphate , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis C , Hospital Mortality , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Peritonitis , Retrospective Studies , Sodium , Tertiary Care Centers
8.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1093-1102, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate parameters that predict radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) following stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to identify the clinical significance of RILD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 117 HCC patients who were treated by SBRT from March 2011 to February 2015. RILD was defined as elevated liver transaminases more than five times the upper normal limit or a worsening of Child-Pugh (CP) score by 2 within 3 months after SBRT. All patients were assessed at 1 month and every 3 months after SBRT. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 22.5 months (range, 3 to 56) after SBRT. RILD was developed in 29 of the 117 patients (24.7%). On univariate analysis, significant predictive factors of RILD were pretreatment CP score (p < 0.001) and normal liver volume (p = 0.002). Multivariate analysis showed that CP score was a significant predictor of RILD (p < 0.001). The incidence of RILD increased above a CP score of 6 remarkably. The rate of recovery from RILD decreased significantly above a CP score of 8. Survival analysis showed that CP score was an independent prognostic factor of overall survival (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CP score is a significant factor to predict RILD in patients with chronic liver disease. RILD can be tolerated by patients with a CP score ≤ 7. However, careful monitoring of liver function is needed for patients with a CP score 7 after SBRT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Liver Diseases , Liver , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Radiosurgery , Retrospective Studies , Transaminases
9.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 339-344, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716907

ABSTRACT

Fanconi syndrome is a dysfunction of the proximal renal tubules that results in impaired reabsorption and increased urinary loss of phosphate and other solutes. The pathophysiology of drug-induced Fanconi syndrome is unclear. Here we report the case of a 36-year-old woman who presented with pain in multiple bones and proteinuria. She had a 7-year history of taking adefovir at 10 mg/day for chronic hepatitis B. Three years previously she had received surgery for a nontraumatic right femur neck fracture, after which she continued to complain of pain in multiple bones, and proteinuria, glycosuria, and phosphaturia were noted. The findings of a light-microscope examination of a renal biopsy sample were normal, but mitochondrial damage of the proximal tubules was evident in electron microscopy. Western blot analysis revealed that the level of serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) was lower than in normal controls. After 2 months of treatment, hypophosphatemia and proximal tubular dysfunction were reversed, and serum FGF23 had normalized. This case suggests that direct mitochondrial damage in proximal tubules can cause drug-induced Fanconi syndrome associated with osteomalacia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Biopsy , Blotting, Western , Fanconi Syndrome , Femoral Neck Fractures , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Glycosuria , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hypophosphatemia , Hypophosphatemia, Familial , Kidney Tubules, Proximal , Microscopy, Electron , Mitochondria , Osteomalacia , Proteinuria
10.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 311-318, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716615

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sofosbuvir plus ribavirin is a standard treatment for patients infected with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 in Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of this treatment in Korean patients with chronic HCV genotype 2 infection. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of patients treated with sofosbuvir plus ribavirin for chronic HCV genotype 2 from May 2016 to December 2017 at eight hospitals located in the Daejeon-Chungcheong area. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients were treated with sofosbuvir plus ribavirin. Of them, 163 patients completed the treatment, and 162 patients were tested for sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment discontinuation (SVR12). Mean age was 59.6±12.3 years (27–96), and 105 (64.4%) patients were female. Of the total patients, 49 (30.1%) were diagnosed with cirrhosis, and 31 of them were treated for 16 weeks. Sofosbuvir plus ribavirin was the first-line treatment for 144 (88.3%) patients. Eleven (6.7%) patients were intolerant to previous interferon-based treatment. Eight (5.0%) patients relapsed after interferon-based treatment. HCV RNA non-detection rate at 4, 8, and 12 weeks was 97.5%, 99.1%, and 99.3%, respectively, and SVR12 was 98.8% (161/163). During treatment, 18 (11.0%) patients had to reduce their administrated dose of ribavirin because of anemia. One patient stopped the treatment because of severe anemia. Other adverse events, including dizziness, indigestion, and headache, were found in 26 (16.0%) patients. CONCLUSIONS: A 12-16 week treatment with sofosbuvir plus ribavirin is remarkably effective and well tolerated in Korean patients with chronic HCV genotype 2 infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Anemia , Dizziness , Dyspepsia , Fibrosis , Genotype , Headache , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Hepatitis , Korea , Retrospective Studies , Ribavirin , RNA , Sofosbuvir
11.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 72-76, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-156766

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the 2nd most common cause of cancer related death in Korea and well-known malignancy with poor prognosis. Sorafenib is the first-line molecular targeted agent in patients with extra-hepatic spread of HCC. However, complete response is extremely rare in patients treated with sorafenib and the disease control rate is only 43%. We report a 53-year-old man with advanced HCC with pulmonary metastasis who showed complete response by cytotoxic chemotherapy with doxorubicin and cisplatin with relatively tolerable adverse effects after failure of treatment with sorafenib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cisplatin , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Korea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis
12.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 51-56, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165809

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The combination of daclatasvir (DCV) and asunaprevir (ASV) has demonstrated a high sustained virologic response at 12 weeks (SVR12) and a low rate of adverse events in previous clinical studies. The purpose of this study was to clarify the results of treatment and side effects in Korean patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype Ib infection. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from chronic HCV genotype Ib patients treated with DCV+ASV from August 2015 to September 2016 at five hospitals in the Daejeon-Chungcheong area. RESULTS: A total of 152 patients were examined for resistance associated variants (RAVs). Among them, 15 (9.9%) were positive for Y93 and one (0.7%) was positive for L31. Of 126 patients treated with DCV+ASV, 83 patients completed treatment and 76 patients were included in safety and efficacy analysis. Five (6.6%) were positive for Y93 and 12 (15.8%) exhibited cirrhotic change. DCV+ASV was the first-line treatment for 58 (76.3%) patients. Eleven (14.5%) patients relapsed after previous treatment that included interferon and seven (9.2%) of these patients were found to be intolerant of interferon. Adverse events occurred in 10 (13.2%) patients and two patients stopped the medication because of severe itching and skin rash. SVR12 was 89.5% (68/76) in all patients and 91.5% (65/71) in RAV-negative patients. CONCLUSIONS: DCV+ASV showed good efficacy in patients with HCV Ib infection in Korea. Close monitoring is needed for severe adverse events and treatment failure, which were uncommon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exanthema , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Interferons , Korea , Nicardipine , Pruritus , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure
13.
Gut and Liver ; : 843-851, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-82302

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To identify the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography with a mini-probe (EUM) and to create a predictive model for esophageal variceal (EV) recurrence and bleeding following esophageal variceal ligation (EVL). METHODS: A total of 144 patients who received EUM prior to prophylactic EVL and met the inclusion criteria were enrolled. EUM findings, EV diameter, paraesophageal vein diameter, and the number of perforating veins were assessed. RESULTS: EV recurrence was observed in 42 patients (29.2%), 10 of whom experienced EV bleeding. Larger diameter of the paraesophageal vein (odds ratio [OR], 1.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.17 to 1.96; p=0.002) and perforating vein (OR, 3.27; 95% CI, 1.11 to 9.65; p=0.032) were significant predictive factors for EV recurrence. However, the diameter of the paraesophageal vein was the only significant risk factor for EV bleeding (adjusted OR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.06 to 2.16; p=0.022). The areas under the curves of the predictive model for EV recurrence and bleeding were 0.872 (95% CI, 0.811 to 0.934) and 0.811 (95% CI, 0.630 to 0.992), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The diameter of the paraesophageal vein was a significant predictive factor for EV recurrence and bleeding. The predictive model constructed based on the significant EUM findings exhibited good performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endosonography , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Hemorrhage , Ligation , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Veins
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 129-135, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85467

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Data are lacking regarding the management of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with resistance to clevudine (CLV). This study evaluated the efficacy of different rescue therapies for CLV-resistant CHB. METHODS: Patients with CLV-resistant CHB were enrolled in the cohort, and all patients developed virologic breakthrough during CLV therapy and had confirmed-genotypic resistance to CLV (rtM204I mutation) before enrollment. RESULTS: Of the 107 patients, 12 received adefovir (ADV), 21 received a CLV plus ADV combination (CLV+ADV), 34 received a lamivudine plus ADV combination (LAM+ADV), and 40 received entecavir (ETV) therapy for 48 weeks. The CLV+ADV group had the lowest hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level (p<0.0001) and showed the greatest reduction of HBV DNA levels from baseline compared to all other groups (p=0.004) at week 48. HBV DNA was undetectable (<70 IU/mL) in 0%, 57.1%, 21.2%, and 27.5% (p=0.003) of the patients in each group, respectively, at week 48. At the end of the study, the mean alanine transaminase (ALT) level, rate of ALT normalization, and rate of hepatitis B envelope antigen loss or seroconversion did not differ between groups. CONCLUSIONS: CLV+ADV combination therapy in patients with CLV-resistant CHB more effectively suppresses HBV replication than ETV, ADV, or LAM+ADV therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alanine Transaminase , Cohort Studies , DNA , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Lamivudine , Seroconversion
15.
Gut and Liver ; : 409-416, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17722

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the predictive factors for complete response (CR) and recurrence after CR in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: Among 691 newly diagnosed HCC patients, 287 were treated with TACE as a first therapy. We analyzed the predictive factors for CR, recurrence after CR, and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Eighty-one patients (28.2%) achieved CR after TACE, and recurrence after CR was detected in 35 patients (43.2%). In multivariate analyses, tumor size (≤5 cm) and single nodularity were predictive factors for CR, with hazard ratios (HRs) of 0.35 (p=0.002) and 0.41 (p20 ng/mL) level and multinodularity exhibited significant relationships with recurrence after CR, with HRs of 2.220 (p=0.026) and 3.887 (p5 cm), multinodularity, elevated serum AFP (>20 ng/mL) level, Child-Turcotte-Pugh score (B and C), and portal vein thrombosis were significant factors for OS. CONCLUSIONS: In patients treated with TACE as a first therapy, tumor size (≤5 cm) and single nodularity were predictive factors for CR, and multinodularity and elevated serum AFP (>20 ng/mL) levels were predictive factors for recurrence after CR. These factors were also significant for OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Venous Thrombosis
16.
Gut and Liver ; : 818-825, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179844

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Deficiencies of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) are prevalent in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). Liver fibrosis is the main determinant of CLD prognosis. The present study was performed to evaluate the correlation between 25(OH)D levels and liver fibrosis as assessed by transient elastography (TE) in patients with compensated CLD. METHODS: Serum 25(OH)D levels and liver stiffness were determined in a total of 207 patients who were subjected to the following exclusion criteria: patients with decompensated CLD; patients who had malignancies; patients who were taking medications; and patients who were pregnant. RESULTS: The most common etiology was chronic hepatitis B (53.1%). Advanced liver fibrosis (defined by TE [≥9.5 kPa]) was present in 75 patients (36.2%). There was a significant correlation between 25(OH)D deficiency and liver stiffness. Based on the multivariate analysis, the following factors were independently associated with advanced liver fibrosis: 25(OH)D deficiency (odds ratio [OR], 3.46; p=0.004), diabetes mellitus (OR, 3.04; p=0.041), and fibrosis-4 index (OR, 2.01; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with compensated CLD exhibit a close correlation between vitamin D level and liver stiffness as assessed by TE. Vitamin D deficiency was independently associated with advanced liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases , Liver , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency
17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 28-34, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30653

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The optimal timing for discontinuing oral antiviral therapy in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is unclear. The aim of our study was to investigate sustained remission after stopping antiviral therapy in patients with HBeAg-positive CHB. METHODS: We analyzed the medical records of 58 patients who were HBeAg-positive and had discontinued antiviral therapy. Antiviral therapy was discontinued after HBeAg seroconversion and HBV DNA negativity for 6-12 months with consolidation therapy. Virologic relapse was defined as an increase in serum HBV DNA >2,000 IU/mL. RESULTS: No difference was observed between the virologic non-relapse and virologic relapse groups in baseline HBV DNA level (p=0.441) or duration of seroconversion (p=0.070). Time-to-undetectable HBV DNA during treatment was shorter in the virologic non-relapse group (29 patients) compared to the relapse group (29 patients) (4.9+/-2.6 vs. 13.2+/-12.7 months; p or =18 months, p=0.020) and early virologic response (HBV DNA <20 IU/mL) at six months during antiviral therapy (p=0.017) were significant predictors for sustained remission. CONCLUSIONS: A consolidation period of at least 18 months and early virological response at six months during antiviral therapy were associated with sustained remission in patients with HBeAg-positive CHB after treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/analysis , Hepatitis B e Antigens/blood , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Proportional Hazards Models , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Withholding Treatment
19.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 145-150, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76006

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is well known malignancy with poor prognosis, even after resection of the primary tumor. Sorafenib is the first-line treatment in advanced HCC, but the disease control rate of sorafenib is only 43%. Pulmonary metastasectomy in patients with pulmonary metastasis from HCC has been reported to increase long-term survival compared with systemic chemotherapy. Video-assisted thoracic surgery is considered a reliable approach to the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary diseases with low complication rate. Pulmonary metastasectomy is not universally accepted because of frequent local recurrence, an uncontrollable primary tumor, and frequent multiple pulmonary metastases in HCC, but outcome of pulmonary metastasectomy and adjuvant sorafenib therapy has not been studied. We experienced a patient who had advanced HCC with pulmonary oligometastasis and received surgical resection of the metastatic pulmonary nodule and sorafenib chemotherapy. In advanced HCC with pulmonary oligometastasis, surgical resection of pulmonary metastasis and sorafenib chemotherapy should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Lung Diseases , Metastasectomy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
20.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 35-42, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208447

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) plays a pivotal role in the management of drug-resistant chronic hepatitis B. However, it remains unclear whether TDF-nucleoside analogue combination therapy provides better outcomes than TDF monotherapy. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of TDF monotherapy with that of TDF-nucleoside analogue combination therapy in patients with drug-resistant chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 76 patients receiving TDF-based rescue therapy for more than 12 months. Suboptimal response was defined as serum HBV-DNA level of >60 IU/mL during prior rescue therapy. Multi-drug resistance was defined as the presence of two or more drug resistance-related mutations confirmed by mutation detection assay. The relationship between baseline characteristics and virologic response (HBV DNA <20 IU/mL) at 12 months were evaluated using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients (72.4%) were suboptimal responders to prior rescue therapy, and 26 (34.2%) had multi-drug resistance. Forty-two patients (55.3%) received combination therapy with nucleoside analogues. Virologic response at 12 months was not significantly different between the TDF monotherapy group and TDF-nucleoside analogue combination therapy group (p=0.098). The serum HBV DNA level was reduced to -4.49+/-1.67 log10 IU/mL in the TDF monotherapy group and to -3.97+/-1.69 log10 IU/mL in the TDF-nucleoside analogue combination therapy group at 12 months (p=0.18). In multivariate analysis, female sex (p=0.032), low baseline HBV-DNA level (p=0.013), and TDF monotherapy (p=0.046) were predictive factors for virologic response at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: TDF monotherapy showed similar efficacy to that of TDF-nucleoside analogue combination therapy in patients with drug-resistant chronic hepatitis B.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Cohort Studies , DNA, Viral/blood , Drug Resistance, Viral , Drug Therapy, Combination , Hepatitis B virus/drug effects , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Nucleosides/chemistry , Retrospective Studies , Sex Factors , Tenofovir/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
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