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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 176-182, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013374

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of enriched environment (EE) combined with acupuncture at head point (HA) on behavior in rats with autism spectrum disorder. MethodsHealthy female Wistar rats were given peritoneal injection of sodium valproate at 12.5 days of gestation. Twenty-four male offspring rats were randomly selected and then randomly divided into model group (n = 6), EE group (n = 6), HA group (n = 6) and EE combined with HA group (the combined group, n = 6). Six male offspring rats born from female mice injected with the same amount of saline intraperitoneally were as control group. After four weeks of treatment, all the five groups were tested with three-chamber test and marble burying test, and the sociability index, the social novelty index and the number of buried marbles were recorded. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 in peripheral blood were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). ResultsAfter treatment, compared with the model group, the sociability index and the social novelty index improved (P < 0.05), the number of buried marbles reduced (P < 0.05), and the levels of IL-6 and IL-1β in peripheral blood decreased in EE group, HA group and the combined group (P < 0.05); while the combined group was the best (P < 0.01). ConclusionBoth EE or acupuncture at HA could improve behavioral symptoms, and reduce the expression of inflammatory factors in rats with autism spectrum disorder. The combination of the two methods showed the best result.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 268-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990638

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of single-port laparoscopic left lateral donor liver acquisition in pediatric living donor liver transplantation (PLDLT).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical data of the donor and recipient who were admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University for PLDLT in January 2020 were collected. The donor was a male, aged 28 years with body mass as 62 kg, height as 174 cm and body mass index (BMI) as 20.5 kg/m 2. The recipient was the daughter of the donor, aged 1 year with body mass as 9 kg, height as 75 cm and BMI as 16.0 kg/m 2. The donor underwent single-port laparoscopic left lateral donor liver acquisition. The recipient underwent living donor liver trans-plantation by the same operation team. Observation indicators: (1) intraoperative conditions; (2) postoperative conditions; (3) follow-up. Results:(1) Intraoperative conditions. The donor under-went single-port laparoscopic left lateral donor liver acquisition successfully, with the single-port access system being placed through a transumbilical incision. The operation time, the warm ischemia time of the donor liver and volume of intraoperative blood loss were 240 minutes, 3 minutes and 40 mL, respectively, of the donor. The weight of the donor liver was 233.6 g, and the corrected graft-to-recipient body weight ratio was 2.60%. The recipient underwent living donor liver transplantation successfully. (2) Postoperative conditions. The donor began to take liquid diet at postoperative day 1, and results of laboratory examination showed that the alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), glutamyltransferase (GGT) and total bilirubin (TBil) of the donor was 239 U/L, 116 U/L, 53 U/L and 22.57 μmol/L. The donor began to take diet with high quality proteins at postoperative day 2, and to get for out-of-bed activities moderately. The donor′s peritoneal drainage fluid was light red at postoperative day 3, and no fluid accumulation was found in the operation area after abdominal B-ultrasound examination, so the peritoneal drainage tube was removed. The donor was discharged at postoperative day 4. The liver function of the recipient recovered to normal level 2 weeks after the operation. (3) Follow-up. The donor was followed up by outpatient examination 2 weeks after discharged, and results of laboratory examination showed that the ALT, AST, GGT and TBil was 44 U/L, 25 U/L, 53 U/L and 9.22 μmol/L, respectively. Neither the donor nor the recipient had complication ≥Ⅱ grade of the Clavien-Dino classification, such as biliary fistula and vascular complication during the 6 months after operation.Conclusion:Single-port laparoscopic left lateral donor liver acquisition can be used into the PLDLT.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1000-1007, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014719

ABSTRACT

AIM: To assess the therapeutic effect of lienal polypeptide injection (LPI) on bone marrow suppression and poor immunity in Kunming (KM) mice after the intervention of chemotherapy drug carboplatin (CBP), as well as its potential mechanisms. METHODS: KM female mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, low-dose lienal polypeptide, and high-dose lienal polypeptide treatment groups. On day 1, mice in the treatment group and model group were subjected to intraperitoneal single injection of carboplatin (70 mg / kg), to induce chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression in mice, while the control group was intervened with normal saline. From Day 2 to Day 16, the treatment groups received daily intraperitoneal injections of lienal polypeptide (60 mg · kg

4.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 749-753, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989509

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors, liver metastasis is the main factor affecting the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer. Exosomes as lipid bilayer microvesicles widely existing in a variety of biological fluids, can promote the occurrence and development of colorectal cancer liver metastasis by inducing M2 macrophage polarization, regulating the activity of cancer-associated fibroblasts and enhancing drug resistance of tumor cells, plays an important role in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of colorectal cancer liver metastasis. To explore the mechanism of exosomes in colorectal cancer liver metastasis and related treatment progress, in order to find new drug targets to improve the prognosis of patients.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 61-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907034

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of liver transplantation in children with Alagille syndrome (ALGS). Methods Clinical data of 12 children with ALGS were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Clinical characteristics of children with ALGS, pathological characteristics of liver tissues, characteristics of liver transplantation, postoperative complications and follow-up of children with ALGS were analyzed. Results JAG1 gene mutation and typical facial features was present in all 12 children. Jaundice was the most common initial symptom, which occurred at 7 (3, 40) d after birth. Upon liver transplantation, the Z scores of height and body weight were calculated as -2.14 (-3.11, -1.83) and -2.32 (-3.12, -1.12). Five children developed severe growth retardation and 4 children with severe malnutrition. Eight of 12 children were diagnosed with cardiovascular abnormalities. Pathological examination showed that the lobular structure of the diseased livers of 4 children was basically maintained, and 8 cases of nodular liver cirrhosis in different sizes including 1 case of single early moderately-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma. Three children were misdiagnosed with biliary atresia and underwent Kasai portoenterostomy. Eight children underwent living donor liver transplantation, three children underwent cadaveric donor liver transplantation (two cases of split liver transplantation and one case of cadaveric total liver transplantation), and one child underwent domino liver transplantation (donor liver was derived from a patient with maple syrup urine disease). during the follow-up of 30.0(24.5, 41.7) months, the survival rates of the children and liver grafts were both 100%. During postoperative follow-up, the Z scores of height and body weight were calculated as -1.24 (-2.11, 0.60) and -0.83 (-1.65, -0.43), indicating that the growth and development of the children were significantly improved after operation. Conclusions Liver transplantation is an efficacious treatment for children with ALGS complicated with decompensated cirrhosis, severe itching and poor quality of life. For children with ALGS complicated with cardiovascular abnormalities, explicit preoperative evaluation should be delivered, and consultation with pediatric cardiologists should be performed if necessary.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 501-505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore effect of homogeneous medical concept nursing mode combined with focused solution mode on self-efficacy and immunity function and nursing satisfaction analysis of patients with postoperative enterostomy of colorectal cancer.Methods:A total of 102 patients with colorectal cancer undergoing postoperative enterostomy admitted to Suining Central Hospital from December 2019 to December 2020 were selected and divided into control group and observation group according to random number table method, with 52 cases in observation group and 50 cases in control group. The control group received homogeneous medical concept nursing mode, and the observation group combined with the focused solution mode nursing intervention on this basis. The self-efficacy, immune function and nursing satisfaction of the two groups were compared.Results:The general self-efficacy of the observation group was higher than that of the control group ( χ2=2.61, P<0.05). After nursing, the stomato-related self-efficacy score of the observation group was 102.69 ± 12.37, which was higher than that of the control group (90.13±11.22). There was significant difference between the two groups ( t= 5.37, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in peripheral blood CD3+, CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ and NK levels between 2 groups one day after surgery ( P>0.05). The levels of CD3+, CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ and NK in peripheral blood of the observation group after nursing care were (67.21 ± 6.21)%, (67.22 ± 8.76)%, (2.65 ± 0.45)% and (19.50 ± 2.05)%, respectively, which were higher than those of the control group (60.32 ± 5.45)%, (60.21 ± 8.25)%, (2.41 ± 0.32)% and (15.62 ± 1.81)%. The differences were statistically significant ( t=5.95, 4.21, 3.11, all P<0.05). The total satisfaction rate of nursing in the observation group was 98.08% (51/52), which was higher than 84.00% (42/50) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2= 2.63, P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of homogenous medical concept nursing mode combined with focused solution mode in colorectal cancer postoperative enterostomy patients is helpful to improve patients' self-efficacy, enhance patients ′ immune function, and improve nursing satisfaction degree, which is worthy of further promotion in clinical practice.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2434-2439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of hypoglycemia fear, diabetes distress, self-regulatory fatigue and self-management in type 2 diabetes patients. The chain mediating effects of self-regulated fatigue and psychological distress on hypoglycemic fear and self-management were investigated.Methods:The Hypoglycemia Fear Survey-Worry Subscale (CHFSII-WS), Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS), Self-Regulatory Fatigue Scale (SRF-S) and Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) were used to investigate the type 2 diabetes patients from the department of Endocrinology of the First Affiliated Hospital in Jinzhou Medical University. And constructed the structural equation model.Results:The scores of fear of hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes patients were positively correlated with psychological pain and self-regulating fatigue ( r=0.739, 0.625, P<0.05), but negatively correlated with self-management level ( r=-0.602, P<0.05). The psychological pain score was positively correlated with the self-regulating fatigue score ( r=0.669, P<0.05) and negatively correlated with the self-management level score ( r=-0.609, P<0.05). The score of self-regulation fatigue was negatively correlated with the score of self-management ( r=-0.596, P<0.05). Pathway analysis showed that hypoglycemia fear could directly affect self-management behavior, indirectly predict self-management level through self-regulation fatigue and psychological pain respectively, and negatively affect self-management behavior through chain mediation of self-regulation fatigue and psychological pain ( χ2/ df=3.079, GFI=0.920, CFI=0.961, NFI=0.943, IFI=0.961, RMSEA=0.078). Conclusions:The Self-regulated fatigue and psychological distress acts as the chain mediators of hypoglycemic fear and self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1842-1847, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936489

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To know about the development trend of small nucleic acid drugs in the world ,to provide reference for the research and development of small nucleic acid drug in China. METHODS By searching the academic literature and patents related to small nucleic acid drugs through the Web of Science literature database and PatSnap patent database from Jan. 1980 to Dec. 2021,research and development situation of small nucleic acid drugs were revealed comprehensively by analyzing research enthusiasm,R&D countries ,R&D institutions and technical topics of small nucleic acid drugs. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS A total of 59 819 documents and 37 645 patent groups were included. The global trend of small nucleic acid drug literature publication and patent application could be divided into three stages. From 2003 to 2021,the research enthusiasm for small nucleic acid drugs continued to increase. The United States ,China,Japan and Germany were the main research and development countries for small nucleic acid drugs. The number of document publications (25 703,15 927 papers)and patent applications (14 240、8 937 groups) in the United States and China were ahead of other countries ,and the research and development activities were relatively strong. Moreover,the number of document publications and patent applications in China in this field had grown rapidly in recent years. The R&D institution with the largest number of publications was the University of California (2 499 papers),the R&D institution with the largest number of patent applications was the American Ionis Corporation (1 378 groups),and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (1 580 papers)had been shortlisted among the top 10 document producing institutions in the world. However ,our country ’s research and development in this field are mostly based on basic research ,and the research on industrial application is slightly insufficient. The research focus in the field of small nucleic acid drugs mainly focuses on nucleic acid sequences and their modification and improvement and drug loading technology. RNA interference technology has gradually become a hot technology for small nucleic acid drugs.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 473-476, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912908

ABSTRACT

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most common ovarian malignancy. Because the early lesions are not easy to be found and the advanced cases lack effective treatments, the fatality rate ranks the first among all kinds of gynecological malignant tumors. Pelvic tuberculosis is a specific inflammation of female genitalia. The long incubation period makes the primary tuberculosis foci heal completely, and then presents the clinical "triad" similar to ovarian cancer, namely: abdominal distension, ascites and pelvic mass, accompanied by an abnormal increase in serum carbohydrate antigen 125. For the differential diagnosis of the two diseases, imaging examination combined with laboratory examination is widely used in clinical practice, but the evaluation effect of the two diseases is different to some extent. This paper reviews the progress of the significance of imaging examination and laboratory examination in differential diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of EOC and pelvic tuberculosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3334-3347, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921429

ABSTRACT

Cordycepin is the key active component of medicinal fungus Cordyceps militaris, and it shows multiple functional activities such as anti-tumor and anti-virus. Cordycepin was conventionally produced by liquid fermentation of C. militaris, but the long production cycle and the low productivity constrained its development and application. In this study, two key genes for cordycepin biosynthesis (ScCNS1 and ScCNS2) were introduced into Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288C, producing 67.32 mg/L cordycepin at 240 h. Analysis of gene expression profiles indicated that ZWF1, PRS4, ADE4, ScCNS1 and ScCNS2 which encode enzymes involved in pentose phosphate pathway, purine metabolism and cordycepin biosynthesis pathway, were significantly up-regulated in the late phage of fermentation. Optimization of fermentation medium determined that 50 g/L initial glucose followed by feeding, supplemented with 5 mmol/L Cu²⁺ and 1.0 g/L adenine were the best condition. Fed-batch fermentation using the engineered yeast in a 5 L stirred fermenter produced 137.27 mg/L cordycepin at 144 h, with a productivity up to 0.95 mg/(L·h) reached, which was 240% higher than that of the control.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps , Culture Media , Deoxyadenosines , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 278-282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prenatal clinical characteristics and genetic etiology of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome manifested by severe fetal growth restriction (FGR).Methods:Clinical data of three pregnant women admitted to Changsha Hospital for Maternal and Child Health Care from 2018 to 2020 due to severe FGR with or without other malformations diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound were collected. Amniotic fluid samples obtained by ultrasound-guided amniocentesis were analyzed by conventional G-banding staining technique and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array). Parental peripheral blood cells were collected for SNP array to verify the source of variation.Results:(1) The karyotypes of both case 1 and 2 were normal, while case 3 had an abnormal karyotype of 46,XN,der(4)(9pter→9p23::4p15.31→4qter). (2) SNP array indicated a 7.8 Mb microdeletion in 4p16.3p16.1 cytoband in case 1 and a 5.5 Mb microdeletion in 4p16.3p16.2 cytoband in case 2, which were both de novo copy number variations. Case 3 harbored a 19.88 Mb deletion in 4p16.3p15.31 and a 10.89 Mb duplication in 9p24.3p23. (3) All three fetuses were diagnosed as Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and their parents chose to terminate the pregnancies after genetic counseling. Conclusions:Considering the possibility of genetic disease, invasive prenatal diagnosis is suggested when prenatal ultrasonography showed severe FGR, regardless of other malformations, to clarify the cause and guide genetic counseling.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 94-97, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review our experience in the use of "Full right-Full left" split liver transplantation in adult-to adult or adult-to adult-size child.Methods:The clinical data of liver donors to 4 recipients of full right-full left split liver transplantation performed at Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University from January to December 2019 were reviewed. The surgical methods of split liver transplantation, cold ischemia time, operation time, intraoperative blood transfusion, and postoperative complications and prognosis were analyzed.Results:The 4 recipients of complete right hepatic-left hepatic split liver transplantation included 3 adults and 1 heavy child (45 kg). Their ages ranged from 14 to 48 years, and body weight ranged from 45 to 61 kg. The end-stage liver disease model score were 21, 12, 41, and 30 points. The ratios of graft mass to recipient's body mass ranged from 0.85% to 1.35%. The cold ischemia time was 457-650 min, and the operation time was 460-575 min. Early liver function recovered smoothly in all the 4 patients after transplantation, and no small liver syndrome occurred. Patients were followed up to 6 months after operation. One patient developed anastomotic biliary leak, which was cured by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic treatment. Another patient developed biliary stricture presenting with repeated biliary tract infection despite percutaneous transhepatic puncture biliary drainage. A third patient died six months from lung infection.Conclusion:In properly selected patients, using full right-full left hemiliver by split liver transplantation increased organ utilization and provided patients with increased treatment opportunities.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 541-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879621

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for the diagnosis of fetuses with high risk signaled by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to August 2019, 628 pregnant women with high risk signaled by NIPT underwent invasive prenatal diagnosis. Amniotic fluid or cord blood samples were subjected to chromosomal karyotyping analysis or CMA. Pregnancy outcome and postnatal conditions of the fetuses were followed up.@*RESULTS@#The positive predictive value for trisomy 21, trisomy 18, trisomy 13, sex chromosome aneuploidy, other rare trisomies and copy number variants (CNVs) among the 628 women were 86.4% (127/147), 41.7% (30/72), 12.9% (4/31), 43.7% (101/231), 16.5% (14/85) and 52.2% (35/67), respectively. In 218 samples with normal karyotype, 5.5% (12/218) of additional pathogenic CNVs and 2.3% (5/218) of loss of heterozygosity were detected by CMA.@*CONCLUSION@#CMA combined with karyotyping analysis can be used as first-tier test for prenatal diagnosis for women with high-risk signaled by NIPT.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Karyotyping , Microarray Analysis , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy 13 Syndrome/genetics , Trisomy 18 Syndrome
14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1229-1236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014938

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effect of lienal polypeptide injection (LPI) on platelet production in ITP model mice with primary immune thrombocytopenia. METHODS: SPF Kunming mice were divided into groups by random number table method, and the ITP model of mice was induced by intraperitoneally injected of rabbit anti-mouse platelet serum APS every other day. At the set time, blood was collected through caudal vein to detect the changes in the number of platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells in each group. Meanwhile, the thymus and spleen indexes were calculated. Megakaryocytes were classified and counted by means of bone marrow smear. Finally, the expression levels of TPO, SCF, IL-3, IL-6, IL-11, β-TG, TGF-β1 and PF-4 in serum were detected by ELISA. RESULTS: LPI significantly increased platelets count in ITP model mice, but had no effect on red blood cells and white blood cells. Thymus and spleen index decreased significantly. The number of megakaryoblasts and thrombocytopenia megakaryocytes in the bone marrow of mice increased, but the number of promegakaryocytes, granular megakaryocytes and naked megakaryocyte did not change significantly. Serum sytokines SCF, IL-3 and IL-6 were significantly increased, while PF-4 was decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: LPI may increase the platelet count in ITP mice by up regulating the levels of IL-3, IL-6, SCF and down regulating the level of PF-4, which has guiding significance for clinical promotion application of LPI.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 590-595, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861063

ABSTRACT

Objective: To active simulation and imaging of human brain blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal, taken which as gold standard and standard signal to detect the quality and detection rate of brain MRI functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) based on the changes of gray amplitude of BOLD signals during imaging. Methods: A new excitation circuit that could simulate the BOLD of the human brain was used to achieve the stable rectangular wave output of different current amplitude, different frequency and different space ratio, and the BOLD signal of the human brain in the time domain was simulated. Results: Stable rectangular wave input and consistent detection rate were obtained with 3 different MR devices with different field strength. Conclusion: The same device has similar detection rate for the design of the same stimulus model, which can be used as the reference standard of the known and determined signal to analyze the detection rate and consistency of BOLD signal.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1084-1086, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827739

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis on a fetus with abnormal findings by ultrasonography and non-invasive prenatal testing.@*METHODS@#The fetus and both parents were subjected to chromosomal karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) analysis.@*RESULTS@#The karyotypes of both parents were normal. The fetus carried a 46,N,der(X;16)(q28;q22) unbalanced translocation. SNP-array analysis confirmed that the derived chromosomal fragment of the fetus has originated from 16q. The fetus was diagnosed with 16q partial trisomy syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined chromosomal karyotyping analysis and SNP-array can detect chromosomal aberrations at submicroscopic level and enable accurate diagnosis of the fetus.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 348-352, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand and analyze the current situation of core competence of graduate midwives in standardized training in Sichuan Province, so as to provide a reference for the training of midwives in Sichuan Province.Methods:A total of 102 midwives who participated in standardized training and graduated from July 2016 to June 2018 in Sichuan Province were investigated by using general information questionnaire (including 14 items of general information, occupational literacy and hospital conditions) and Midwives Core Competence Scale (including 54 items and 6 dimensions). Among 109 questionnaires distributed, 102 valid questionnaires were collected. SPSS 21.0 was used to analyze the results by single factor analysis and multiple linear regression analysis.Results:The average total score of the core competency scale in this study was (203.470±32.398). The scores of postpartum health care and prenatal health care were relatively high, while the score of public health care was relatively low. Multivariate regression analysis showed that whether the maternal and infant health certificates were obtained during the training period, and whether there was a training system for midwives alone and arrangements of department rotation were the influencing factors of the core competence of the graduate midwives ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The core competence of midwives in standardized training in Sichuan province is at the middle level. The standardized training of midwives is at the initial stage and lack of systematic management. Hence, it is urgent to build a unified and standardized training system.

18.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 57-63, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810404

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the associations of indoor fine particulate matter (PM2.5) from outdoor and indoor sources with heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of Beijing.@*Methods@#A total of 40 male patients in a stable stage of COPD were recruited from a hospital in a panel study in Beijing with 5 consecutive days of measurement for each subject. General information and disease history of the participants from questionnaires were obtained prior to the study. HR and HRV were repeatedly examined using dynamic electrocardiograph. HRV included standard deviation of all NN intervals (SDNN), root mean square of successive differences between adjacent NN intervals (rMSSD), total power (TP) power in the low-frequency band (LF) and the high-frequency band (HF). Iron was used as tracer element to separate indoor-originated PM2.5 and outdoor-originated PM2.5. Mixed-effect models were applied to assess the associations of outdoor-originated PM2.5 or indoor-originated PM2.5 and health effects.@*Results@#The P50 (P25, P75) values of daily indoor PM2.5, indoor-originated PM2.5 and outdoor-originated PM2.5 were 50.9 (26.8, 122.7), 16.0 (1.9, 43.7) and 27.3 (13.5, 61.8) μg/m3, respectively. The mean±SD of concentrations of real-time indoor PM2.5, indoor-originated PM2.5 and outdoor-originated PM2.5 were (61.5±58.8), (25.3±39.1) and (36.2±42.7) μg/m3, respectively. Compared with outdoor-originated PM2.5, indoor-originated PM2.5 had significant associations with HRV and HR. Each 10 μg/m3 increase at 4 h indoor-originated PM2.5 and outdoor-originated PM2.5 moving average was associated with 3.4% (95%CI: -4.7%, -2.1%) and 0.6% (95%CI: -2.0%, -0.8%) reduction in TP (P<0.001). Each 10 μg/m3 increase at 12 h indoor-originated PM2.5 moving average was associated with 7.6% (95%CI: -10.1%, -5.1%), 4.7% (95%CI: -6.7%, -2.7%), 3.3% (95%CI: -4.2%,-2.4%) and 3.0% (95%CI: -4.5%, -1.5%) reduction in HF, LF, SDNN and rMSSD, respectively. Each 10 μg/m3 increase at 12 h outdoor-originated PM2.5 moving average was associated with 0.7% (95%CI: -2.7%, -1.4%), 0.2% (95%CI: -1.9%, 1.4%), 0.7% (95%CI: -1.4%, -0.1%) and 0.2% (95%CI: -1.3%, 0.9%) reduction in HF, LF, SDNN and rMSSD, respectively (P<0.001). Each 10 μg/m3 increase at 8 h indoor-originated PM2.5 and outdoor-originated PM2.5 moving average was associated with 0.7% (95%CI: 0.4%, 1.0%) and 0.4% (95%CI: 0.2%, 0.6%) increase in HR.@*Conclusion@#Exposure to indoor-originated PM2.5 was more strongly associations with HRV indices and HR compared with outdoor-originated PM2.5 in male COPD patients.

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 156-161, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of telmisartan on the expression of metadherin in the kidney of mice with unilateral ureter obstruction.@*METHODS@#Eighteen male C57 mice were randomized into sham-operated group, model group and telmisartan treatment group. In the latter two groups, renal interstitial fibrosis as the result of unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO) was induced by unilateral ureteral ligation with or without telmisartan intervention. Renal pathological changes of the mice were assessed using Masson staining, and immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of extracellular matrix proteins and metadherin in the kidney of the mice. In the experiment, cultured mouse renal tubular epithelial cells (mTECs) were stimulated with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and transfected with a siRNA targeting metadherin, and the changes in the expressions of extracellular matrix proteins and metadherin were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The expressions of extracellular matrix proteins and metadherin increased significantly in the kidney of mice with UUO ( < 0.05). Intervention with telmisartan significantly lowered the expressions of extracellular matrix proteins and metadherin and alleviated the pathology of renal fibrosis in mice with UUO ( < 0.05). In cultured mTECs, siRNA-mediated knockdown of metadherin obviously reversed TGF-β1-induced increase in the expressions of extracellular matrix proteins and metadherin.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Telmisartan can suppress the production of extracellular matrix proteins and the expression of metadhein to attenuate UUO-induced renal fibrosis in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers , Antihypertensive Agents , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Metabolism , Fibrosis , Kidney , Metabolism , Pathology , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Small Interfering , Random Allocation , Telmisartan , Pharmacology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Pharmacology , Ureteral Obstruction , Metabolism
20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 381-385, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756762

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of Notch receptors and its relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis in gastric cancer tissues. Methods Immunohistochemical SP method was used to detect the expression levels of Notch1, Notch2, Notch3 and Notch4 corresponding receptors in 45 patients with gastric cancer from January 2014 to May 2015 in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The correlation between expression levels of Notch receptors and lymph node metastasis, TNM staging, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. Results Notch1, Notch2, Notch3 and Notch4 corresponding receptors were mainly distributed in the cytoplasm, and the positive expression rates in gastric cancer tissues were 93.3% (42/45), 86.7% (39/45), 80.0% (36/45), and 77.8% (35/45), which were higher than those in adjacent tissues [31.1% (14/45), 24.4%(11/45), 40.0% (18/45), and 46.7% (21/45)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P< 0.05). There was no correlation between the expression of Notch1, Notch2, Notch3 and Notch4 corresponding receptors and lymph node metastasis, TNM staging, DFS and OS in gastric cancer tissues (all P> 0.05). Conclusion Notch receptors are highly expressed in gastric cancer tissues, and have no correlation with lymph node metastasis, TNM staging, DFS and OS of patients after surgery.

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