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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889770

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate synthase (TYMS) plays a key role for 5-fluorouracil metabolism and has been associated with some side effects caused by capecitabine. The aim of our study is to identify the possible genetic predictors of capecitabine-induced HFS (CAP-HFS) in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Whole exons of TYMS were sequenced for 288 extreme phenotype HFS patients, including 144 severe or early-onset (first 2 cycles) moderate HFS extreme cases and 144 extreme controls with no reported HFS. The associations between polymorphisms and CAP-HFS were analyzed using logistic regression under an additive model. @*Results@#We identified a novel risk mutation (c.1A>G, chr18:657743), was associated with severe HFS in an extreme case who was affected during the first cycle of treatment. Moreover, we identified three new variants, rs3786362, rs699517, rs2790, and two previously reported variants, 5’VNTR 2R/3R and 3′-untranslated region 6-bp ins-del, which were significantly associated with CAP-HFS (p < 0.05). In silico analysis revealed that the effect of these polymorphisms in the TYMS region on the development of HFS might not be restricted solely to the regulation of TYMS expression, but also the TYMS catalytic activity through the indirect effect on ENOSF1 expression. @*Conclusion@#This study identified new polymorphisms in TYMS gene significantly associated with CAP-HFS, which may serve as useful genetic predictors for CAP-HFS and help to elucidate the underlying mechanism of HFS.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the risk factors of acute renal injury(AKI) after coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) and the influence of blood pressure on AKI.Methods:980 patients in CABG of Cardiology Department of TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital were diagnosed with AKI according to the AKIN standard, with 706 males and 274 females, averaged(61.9±8.0)years old. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether AKI occurred: AKI group(86 cases) and non AKI group(894 cases). The baseline clinical data, operation related data were compared between the two groups. At the same time, according to the preoperative mean systolic blood pressure(SBP) level, LSP[mean systolic blood pressure<120 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), 374 cases], MSP(mean systolic blood pressure 120-140 mmHg, 481 cases) and HSP(mean systolic blood pressure≥140 mmHg, 125 cases) were classified as covariates, and the influencing factors of dependent variable AKI were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.Results:The prevalence of AKI was 8.7%(86/980). Compared with non-AKI group, preoperative SBP[(129.8±13.8)mmHg vs.(124.4±13.3)mmHg, P=0.000], mean arterial pressure[(91.9±8.8)mmHg vs.(88.8±9.1)mmHg, P=0.004], and mean pulse pressure[(56.9±10.7)mmHg vs.(53.2±9.8)mmHg, P=0.001]were increased significantly. After adjusted for other risk factors, preoperative SBP elevation, hypertension history, cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB), use of intra-aortic-balloon-pump(IABP), secondary thoracotomy, preoperative diuresis, intraoperative blood transfusion and baseline low glomerular filtration rate(eGFR) were independent risk factors for AKI after CABG. Compared with LSP group, the relative risk of AKI after CABG in HSP group was 2.743(95% CI: 1.595-4.715). In patients with hypertension history, AKI in HSP group was significantly higher than that in LSP group(18.4% vs. 8.1%, P=0.001). However, the preoperative blood pressure level of patients who denied the history of hypertension had no effect on AKI. Conclusion:Preoperative SBP is a risk factor for AKI after CABG. The incidence of AKI after CABG can be significantly reduced by controlling SBP below 140 mmHg in patients with hypertension.

3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 135-140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884147

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the related factors of depression in patients with lacunar cerebral infarction with mild cognitive impairment.Methods:From 2016 to 2019, 114 patients with mild cognitive impairment of lacunar cerebral infarction in Kailuan General Hospital were selected as the research objects.MRI brain scan was completed within 72 hours after admission, and Zung′s self rating Depression Scale (SDS) was used to evaluate emotion within 1 week.According to the results of SDS, 69 patients with mild cognitive impairment and no depression of lacunar infarction were selected as the control group, and 45 patients with mild cognitive impairment and mild depression of lacunar infarction were selected as the case group.The general clinical data, the proportion of patients with lacunar infarction in different brain regions and cognitive function of the two groups were observed.Logistic regression method was used to analyze the risk factors of depression in patients with mild cognitive impairment of lacunar infarction, and the characteristics of clinical somatization symptoms were observed.Results:(1)There were 53 males (76.81%, 53/69) and 16 females (23.19%, 16/69) in the control group, 29 males (64.44%, 29/45) and 16 females (35.55%, 16/45) in the case group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0.049). Hyperhomocysteinemia in the control group and the case group was 31.88% (22/69) and 53.33%(24/45), respectively, with statistically significant differences between the two groups ( P=0.003). (2) The incidence rates of lacunar infarction in basal ganglia and oval center was 80% (36/45) and 71.11% (32/45) in case group respectively, and 59.42% (41/69) and 18.84% (13/69) in control group respectively.The difference between two groups was statistically significant ( P values were 0.001 and <0.001), and there was no significant difference in infarct size in other regions ( P>0.05). (3) The rate of impaired attention and computing power in the case group was 88.89%(40/45), which was higher than that in the control group 78.26%(54/69), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.036). (4) Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that hyperhomocysteemia ( OR=2.659, 95% CI 1.041-6.793, P<0.05) and central oval infarction ( OR=10.332, 95% CI 4.069-26.235, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for mild cognitive dysfunction and depression in lacunar cerebral infarction.(5) The proportion of insomnia and tears with somatization symptoms in the case group was 35.56%(16/45) and 37.77%(17/45), respectively, which were higher than that in the control group 8.70%(6/69) and 2.90%(2/69), respectively, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.001). Conclusion:Hyperhomocysteinemia and hemioval central cerebral infarction are independent risk factors for depression in patients with lacunar cerebral infarction with mild cognitive dysfunction, accompanied by somatization symptoms of insomnia and tearing.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881043

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a precious treasure of the Chinese nation and has unique advantages in the prevention and treatment of diseases. The holistic view of TCM coincides with the new generation of medical research paradigm characterized by network and system. TCM gave birth to a new method featuring holistic and systematic "network target", a core theory and method of network pharmacology. TCM is also an important research object of network pharmacology. TCM network pharmacology, which aims to understand the network-based biological basis of complex diseases, TCM syndromes and herb treatments, plays a critical role in the origin and development process of network pharmacology. This review introduces new progresses of TCM network pharmacology in recent years, including predicting herb targets, understanding biological foundation of diseases and syndromes, network regulation mechanisms of herbal formulae, and identifying disease and syndrome biomarkers based on biological network. These studies show a trend of combining computational, experimental and clinical approaches, which is a promising direction of TCM network pharmacology research in the future. Considering that TCM network pharmacology is still a young research field, it is necessary to further standardize the research process and evaluation indicators to promote its healthy development.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904711

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the clinical effects of segmentectomy and lobectomy for ≤2 cm lung adenocarcinoma with micropapillary and solid subtype negative by intraoperative frozen sections. Methods    The patients with adenocarcinoma who received segmentectomy or lobectomy in multicenter from June 2020 to March 2021 were included. They were divided into two groups according to a random number table, including a segmentectomy group (n=119, 44 males and 75 females with an average age of 56.6±8.9 years) and a lobectomy group (n=115, 43 males and 72 females with an average of 56.2±9.5 years). The clinical data of the patients were analyzed. Results    There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the two groups (P>0.05). No perioperative death was found. There was no statistical difference in the operation time (111.2±30.0 min vs. 107.3±34.3 min), blood loss (54.2±83.5 mL vs. 40.0±16.4 mL), drainage duration (2.8±0.6 d vs. 2.6±0.6 d), hospital stay time (3.9±2.3 d vs. 3.7±1.1 d) or pathology staging (P>0.05) between the two groups. The postoperative pulmonary function analysis revealed that the mean decreased values of forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second percent predicted in the segmentectomy group were significantly better than those in the lobectomy group (0.2±0.3 L vs. 0.4±0.3 L, P=0.005; 0.3%±8.1% vs. 2.9%±7.4%, P=0.041). Conclusion    Segmentectomy is effective in protecting lungs function, which is expected to improve life quality of patients.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922755

ABSTRACT

Chitooligosaccharide-zinc (COS·Zn) is a powerful anti-oxidant and anti-aging scavenger, whose anti-oxidative ability immensely exceeds vitamin C. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the protective effects of COS·Zn against premature ovarian failure (POF) and potential mechanisms. Female KM adult mice were divided into the following groups: a treatment group (150 mg·kg


Subject(s)
Animals , Chitosan , Female , Humans , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Nuclear Proteins , Oligosaccharides , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/drug therapy , Signal Transduction , Zinc
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1606-1609, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of serum protein ROCK2 in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The patients were divided into cGVHD group and control group (without cGVHD). The expression levels of serum protein ROCK2 were detected by ELISA in patients with or without cGVHD after allo-HSCT.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of ROCK2 in serum of cGVHD patients was significantly higher than those in control group, moreover, the expression level of ROCK2 in severe cGVHD group was significant higher than that in moderate and mild cGVHD group (P<0.001). The expression level of ROCK2 was significantly decreased in the serum of cGVHD patients after treatment(P<0.01); the expression level of ROCK2 was significantly higher in the serum of cGVHD patients with lung as the target organ(P<0.01). The median survival time of patients with severe cGVHD were significantly shorter than that of patients with mild and moderate cGVHD(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ROCK2 shows certain reference value in the evaluation of severity and prognosis of cGVHD, and may be a new target for the treatment of cGVHD.


Subject(s)
Blood Proteins , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Transplantation, Homologous , rho-Associated Kinases
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical effectiveness of acupoint application (AP) of Guan Xin Su He Pill (, GXSHP) for patients with chronic stable angina pectoris (CSAP).@*METHODS@#This study was carried out in 3 local hospitals in Chengdu, China. After baseline evaluation, eligible patients were randomly assigned to the placebo application for acupoints (PAA) group or the herbal application for acupoints (HAA) group. Patients in the HAA group underwent AP with herbal powder, which was mainly GXSHP, and patients in the PAA group underwent AP with sham drugs. For each treatment session, unilateral acupoints including Neiguan (PC 6), Danzhong (RN 17), Xinshu (BL 15) and Jueyinshu (BL 14), were stimulated for both groups. AP was performed 3 times a week with a 2-day interval for 4 weeks. The primary outcome was the frequency of angina pectoris attacks per week, while the secondary outcomes included angina pain intensity measured by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), dose of rescue oral drugs (nitroglycerin), scores on the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale scores (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale scores (SDS). Clinical outcomes were measured at week 0, 4 and 8. The safety of AP of GXSHP treatment for CSAP were assessed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 121 patients were enrolled. Baseline characteristics were comparable across the 2 groups. After treatment, the angina attack numbers in the HAA group were significantly reduced from 11.00 to 4.81 (P<0.05). While, for PAA group, the angina frequency was not significantly improved (baseline 10.55; post-treatment 11.05). The HAA group had significantly fewer angina attacks than the PAA group (P<0.05). Pain intensity measured by VAS in HAA group was significantly reduced from 4.06 to 3.02 (P<0.05). While, for PAA group, the VAS was significantly increased (baseline 3.62; post-treatment 3.96; P<0.05). Clinical outcomes showed better improvement after treatment in the HAA group than in the PAA group in terms of oral administration of rescue drugs, SAS, SDS and SAQ scores (P<0.05). The adverse events were also reported.@*CONCLUSION@#AP of GXSHP is a safe and effective treatment for CSAP patients (Registration No. NCT02029118).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Angina, Stable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3526-3539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906830

ABSTRACT

We identified and analyzed the components and chemical constituents of hawthorn leaves of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. (wild) and C. pinnatifida Bge. var major N. E. Br (cultivated) by using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MSE) combined with UNIFI data analysis platform and multivariate statistics. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified, including organic acids, flavonoids, triterpenoic acids, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenoids; among them, terpenoid content was the most abundant. Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to identify the differential components of hawthorn leaves from two sources. The results show that there are differences in the chemical compositions of the two sources, including 24 flavonoids and terpenoids (including monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids and triterpenoid acids). The types of flavonoids (such as rutin, vitexin-2''-O-rhamnoside, isovitexin-2''-O-rhamnoside, hyperoside, quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside) and terpenoids (crataegolic acid, corosolic acid and ursolic acid) in C. pinnatifida were more varied than those found in C. pinnatifida Bge. var major N. E. Br, and their contents were relatively higher. This study provides a comprehensively analysis of the different chemical components of hawthorn leaves from two sources listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and provides a basis for the selection of raw materials and the potential development and utilization of hawthorn leaves.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 923-926, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876028

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the age distribution and refractive status of school age children with myopia and the correlation with ocular axis, corneal curvature and other biological parameters. <p>METHODS: A total of 391 eyes of 196 school age children who were diagnosed as myopia were collected. Patients with other eye diseases causing vision loss were excluded. The patients were divided into three groups according to age and four groups according to diopter. All patients received visual acuity, intraocular pressure, slit lamp microscope, IOL master, optometry and fundus examination, and the results were recorded. Independent sample<i> t-</i>test, one-way ANOVA, LSD-t and linear regression were used to analyze the age distribution of diopter and its relationship with refractive parameters.<p>RESULTS: There were 128(32.7%), 155(39.6%)and 108(27.6%)eyes in 6-8, 9-10 and 11-12 age groups. The average age was 9.29±1.64 years old. There were significant differences in SE(<i>P</i><0.01)and AL(<i>P</i><0.01)among different age groups. There were 134(34.3%), 162(41.4%), 74(18.9%)and 21(5.4%)eyes in SE ≤ -1.00D, -1.00D<SE≤ -2.00D, -2.00D<SE≤-3.00D and >-3.00D groups. The average SE was -1.54±0.89D. There was significant difference in AL among differences diopter groups(<i>P</i><0.01). There was a linear relationship between SE and AL. The regression equation is <i>(^overY)=12.373-0.577X, R2=0.286, β=-0.577, P<0.001</i>. And there was a linear relationship between astigmatism and corneal astigmatism. The regression equation is <i>(^overY)=0.084-0.502X, R2=0.389, β=-0.502, P<0.001</i>.<p>CONCLUSION: The age of the first onset of myopic ametropia in children is 9-10 years old, which is mainly low degree myopia. The growth of axial length is related to the increase of age and diopter and astigmatism is related to corneal astigmatism in children.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887956

ABSTRACT

Fifteen compounds were isolated from the 70% EtOH extract of leaves of Chinese hawthorn(Crataegus pinnatifida var. major) by various purification steps, and their structures were determined as 2α,3α,12β,19α,-tetrahydroxyursan-13β,28-olide(1),euscaphic acid(2), tormentic acid(3), ursolic acid(4), pomolic acid(5), corosolic acid(6), maslinic acid(7), linalyl rutinoside(8),(Z)-3-hexenyl β-D-glucoside(9),(3S, 6S)-cis-linalool-3,7-oxide-β-D-glucopyranoside(10), pisumionoside(11), icariside B6(12), byzantionoside B(13),(6R,7E,9R)-9-Hydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(14) and(6S,7E,9R)-6,9-dihydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(15) mainly based on the mass spectrum(MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) spectroscopic techniques, of which compound 1 was a new pentacyclic triterpene, and compounds 2, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13 and 15 were isolated form this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
China , Crataegus , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Terpenes , Triterpenes
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897474

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate synthase (TYMS) plays a key role for 5-fluorouracil metabolism and has been associated with some side effects caused by capecitabine. The aim of our study is to identify the possible genetic predictors of capecitabine-induced HFS (CAP-HFS) in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Whole exons of TYMS were sequenced for 288 extreme phenotype HFS patients, including 144 severe or early-onset (first 2 cycles) moderate HFS extreme cases and 144 extreme controls with no reported HFS. The associations between polymorphisms and CAP-HFS were analyzed using logistic regression under an additive model. @*Results@#We identified a novel risk mutation (c.1A>G, chr18:657743), was associated with severe HFS in an extreme case who was affected during the first cycle of treatment. Moreover, we identified three new variants, rs3786362, rs699517, rs2790, and two previously reported variants, 5’VNTR 2R/3R and 3′-untranslated region 6-bp ins-del, which were significantly associated with CAP-HFS (p < 0.05). In silico analysis revealed that the effect of these polymorphisms in the TYMS region on the development of HFS might not be restricted solely to the regulation of TYMS expression, but also the TYMS catalytic activity through the indirect effect on ENOSF1 expression. @*Conclusion@#This study identified new polymorphisms in TYMS gene significantly associated with CAP-HFS, which may serve as useful genetic predictors for CAP-HFS and help to elucidate the underlying mechanism of HFS.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921734

ABSTRACT

Seabuckthorn contains flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, polysaccharides, and vitamins, which have anti-inflammation,anti-oxidation, liver protection, anti-cardiovascular disease, anti-aging, immune enhancing, anti-tumor, and anti-bacterial activities.We reviewed the papers focusing on the chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, and utilization of seabuckthorn. The quality markers(Q-markers) of seabuckthorn were predicted and analyzed based on original plant phylogeny, chemical composition correlation, traditional medicinal properties, pharmacodynamic correlation, traditional and extended efficacy, pharmacokinetics, metabolic processes, and measurable components. With this review, we aim to provide theoretical reference for the quality control and quality standard establishment of seabuckthorn, so as to promote the rational exploitation and utilization of seabuckthorn resources, and improve the healthy and sustainable development of seabuckthorn industry.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Biomarkers , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Hippophae
14.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1123-1133, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913798

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the effect of preoperative tumor staging deviation (PTSD) on the long-term survival of patients undergoing radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (RGGC). @*Materials and Methods@#Clinicopathological data of 2,346 patients who underwent RGGC were retrospectively analyzed. The preoperative tumor-lymph node-metastasis (TNM) under-staging group (uTNM) comprised patients who had earlier preoperative TNM than postoperative TNM, and the no preoperative under-staging group (nTNM) comprised the remaining patients. @*Results@#There were 1,031 uTNM (44.0%) and 1,315 nTNM cases (56.0%). Cox prognostic analysis revealed that PTSD independently affected the overall survival (OS) after surgery. The 5-year OS was lower in the uTNM group (41.8%) than in the nTNM group (71.6%). The patients less than 65 years old, with lower American Society of Anaesthesiologists score, 2-5 cm tumor located at the lower stomach, and cT1 or cN0 preoperative staging would more likely undergo D1+ lymph node dissection (LND) in uTNM (p 2 cm and body mass index ≤ 22.72 kg/m2 were independent risk factors of preoperative TNM tumor under-staging in patients with cT1N0M0 staging (p < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Underestimated tumor staging is not rare, which possibly results in inadequate LND and affects the long-term survival for patients undergoing RGGC. D2 LND should be carefully performed in patients who are predisposed to this underestimation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909579

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Only limited number of drugs are currently available for treating ischemic stroke. Therapeu?tic angiogenesis has recently emerged as one of the most promising therapies for cerebral ischemic injury. Isopropyl-β-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-α-hydroxypropanoate (IDHP) is a metabolite derived from the botanical formulation for Dantonic?. Here, we investigated the angiogenic efficacy of IDHP in cerebral ischemia. METHODS The in vivo effects of IDHP were evaluated in the C57BL/6 mouse Matrigel plug and rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) models. Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC) were used to explore the effects of IDHP on stimulating proliferation, migration and tube formation in vitro. ELISA and Western blotting were used to quantitate the release and expression of relevant target molecules and signaling path?ways. RESULTS IDHP reduced infarct volume and improved sensorimotor function in rats subjected to tMCAO by pro?moting angiogenesis, and promoted Matrigel neovascularization in mice. Moreover, IDHP produced a biphasic modula?tion on proliferation and migration both in HUVEC and HBMEC. It also induced tube formation in a 12-day HUVEC-HDF co-culture model and in Matrigel assays. IDHP-induced angiogenesis was accompanied by increased levels of p-AMPKα (Thr172) and p-eNOS (Ser1177) both in vitro and in vivo, and the decreased level of VEGF in rat brains on day 1 whereas enhanced level of VEGF on day 3 and 7 after tMCAO. Mechanistically, AMPK knockdown or pharmacologi?cally inhibiting AMPK and its upstream kinases (CaMKKβ) inhibited the eNOS phosphorylation induced by IDHP in HUVEC. Furthermore, selective eNOS inhibitor (L-NIO), selective CaMKKβ inhibitor (STO) and AMPKa inhibitor (Com?pound C) blocked the capillary-like tube formation in the co-culture model induced by IDHP (10 nmol · L-1). CONCLU?SION Collectively, these findings showed that IDHP protected rats from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by promot?ing angiogenesis via activating CaMKKβ/AMPK(Thr172)/eNOS(Ser1177) signaling, and suggest it to be a promising new drug candidate for the prevention and/or treatment of cerebral ischemia and other vascular occlusive diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908364

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury(AKI)is a very common critical disease worldwide, especially in pediatric intensive care unit(PICU). There are many pathogenic factors for AKI, among which sepsis is essential to the development of AKI.Sepsis-associated acute kidney injury(SA-AKI) often have sudden onset and poor prognosis.Because there is still a lack of powerful diagnostic tools, resulting in clinical intervention in SA-AKI often lags behind.Therefore, awareness of SA-AKI risk and early identification of injury severity, as well as timely initiation of supportive treatment, remain the main contents of current research.There are hundreds of new biological markers and diagnostic tools for early identification and prognosis of AKI.This review introduced the progress on diagnosis of SA-AKI.The aim is to improve clinicians′ understanding of SA-AKI.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825241

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are important members of innate immunity and play an extremely important role in the host defense against pathogenic infections, tumors, and allergic diseases. Macrophages have a high degree of plasticity, and may be polarized into classical activated macrophages (M1 macrophages) and alternative activated macrophages (M2 macrophages) under the stimulation of different environments. M1 macrophages are found to promote inflammatory responses, which facilitates the clearance of pathogens, while M2 macrophages may inhibit inflammatory responses, which facilitates the survival and reproduction of pathogens. This review summarizes the role of macrophage polarization in parasitic infections, so as to provide insights into the prevention and treatment of parasitic diseases.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824997

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the effect of expression of miRNA-21 on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Methods    In this study, flow cytometry was used to identify the surface-associated antigens of BMSCs. The 10 μmol/L 5-azacytidine was used to induce BMSCs to differentiate to cardiomyocyte-like cells. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of troponin I (cTnI). The samples were assigned to 3 groups: a blank group, a miRNA-21 mimic group, and a negative control (NC) group. The proliferation of BMSCs was detected by methyl thiazolylte-trazolium (MTT), the apoptosis of BMSCs was analyzed by flow cytometry. Western-blotting was used to identify the expression of cTnI and myod in the BMSCs. Results    The proliferation of BMSCs was increased, because of the over expression of miRNA-21. But the apoptotic rate of the BMSCs was slower in the miRNA-21 group, on account of the expression of miRNA-21 was higher than that in the NC group and the CK group. The expression of cTnI in the miRNA-21 group was higher than that in the NC group or the CK group. Conclusion    The results suggest that the up-regulation of miRNA-21 enhances proliferation of BMSCs, reduces the apoptosis of BMSCs. miRNA-21 promotes the differentiation of BMSCs, which may pave the way for the treatment directed toward restoring miRNA-21 function for myocardial ischemia.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the clinical correlations between the cross-sectional area loss of the erector spinae muscle (ESMcsa Loss) and serum growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) in mechanically ventilatied patients in ICU. In addition, to investigate their diagnostic value for ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) and their predictive value for 60-day survival in mechanically ventilated patients.Methods:Ninety-two patients with acute respiratory failure, who required mechanical ventilation therapy, were randomly selected among hospitalized patients from June 2018 to November 2019. The serum GDF-15 level was detected by ELISA, the total cross-sectional area of the right and left erector spinae muscles was calculated by CT images, and the patient's muscle strength was assessed using the British Medical Research Council (MRC) muscle strength score on day 1 and day 7. The patients were divided into the ICU-AW group and the non-ICU-AW group according to the MRC-score on the 7th day of ICU admission. The correlations between plasma GDF-15 level, ESMcsa loss, and MRC score on day 7 were investigated. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the predictive value of serum GDF-15, ESMcsa loss, and ESMcsa loss ratio on day 7 of mechanically ventilated patients in the diagnosis of ICU acquired muscle weakness. Moreover, the predictive value of GDF-15 and ESMcsa loss ratio on the 90-day survival status of the patients was assessed using survival curves.Results:Ninety-two patients were enrolled. According to whether the MRC-score on the 7th day was less than 48, 49 cases were included in the ICU-AW group and 43 cases in the non-ICU-AW group. The mechanical ventilation time, length of ICU stay and length of hospital stay in the ICU-AW group were higher than those in the non-ICU-AW group, and there were no significant differences in other baseline indicators. There were no significant differences in serum GDF-15, ESMcsa and MRC-score between the two groups on day 1. The GDF-15 level in the ICU-AW group was significantly higher than that in the non-ICU-AW group while ESMcsa and MRC-score were significantly lower than those in the non-ICU-AW group on day 7 [GDF-15 (pg/mL): 2529.53±625.67 vs. 1614.21±567.18; ESMcsa (cm 2): 23.76±6.85 vs. 29.15±6.5; MRC-1score: 41.10±3.35 vs. 51.23±2.84; all P <0.001]. ESMcsa loss and ESMcsa loss ratio were significantly positively correlated with serum GDF-15 levels on day 7 ( r = 0.2355 and 0.3192, respectively). ESMcsa loss and ESMcsa loss ratio were significantly negatively correlated with MRC-score ( r = -0.3072 and -0.3527, respectively). The ROC curve analysis showed that plasma GDF-15 level, ESMcsa loss, and ESMcsa loss ratio on day 7 had predictive value for ICU-AW diagnosis in mechanically ventilated patients [Areas under the ROC curve (AUC) were 0.904, 0.835, and 0.889, all P <0.001]. The 60-day survival curve demonstrated that the survival rate was 60.0% in the high GDF-15 group, while was 77.8% in the low GDF-15 group; and was 60.0% in the high ESMcsa loss ratio group, while was 80.0% in the low ESMcsa loss ratio group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:There was a significant correlation between the cross-sectional area loss of the erector spinae muscle and the increase of serum GDF-15 level after 7 days of mechanical ventilation in ICU, suggesting the acute muscle wasting and skeletal muscle hypofunction, which has certain diagnostic value for ICU-AW, and can predict the 60-day survival status of mechanically ventilated patients in ICU.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of subclinical hypothyroidism(SCH) on complications after coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).Methods:The data of CABG patients hospitalized in TEDA International Cardiovascular Disease Hospital from January 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the thyroid function after admission, the patients were divided into normal thyroid function group(NC group, 814 cases, 0.27 mIU/L≤TSH≤4.2 mIU/L) and subclinical hypothyroidism group(SCH group, 106 cases, TSH>4.2 mIU/L). The preoperative clinical data, surgical conditions, recent complications and one-year bridge stenosis rate were compared between the two groups in male or female.Results:Compared with NC group, SCH group had more female patients(53.8% vs 24.4%, P=0.000), lower smoking rate (38.7% vs 58.0%, P=0.000). There was no statistical difference in other baseline data and postoperative complications( P>0.05). Subgroup analysis depending on gender showed that the incidence of respiratory tract infection increased in female patients with SCH(10.5% vs 3.5%, P=0.034) compared with those in NC group, there was no significant difference in male. The TSH level was an independent risk factor for respiratory tract infection in female patients( OR=1.307, 95% CI=1.110-1.539, P=0.001). Compared with the male patients, the prevalence of hypertension(84.2% vs. 67.3%, P=0.041), diabetes mellitus(45.6% vs 16.3%, P=0.001), hospitalization time in ICU(44 h vs. 42 h, P=0.003), acute renal failure(10.5% vs 0, P=0.019) and massive blood transfusion(8.8% vs 0, P=0.034)increased. Conclusion:SCH appears to influence the postoperative outcome for female patients by increasing the development of postoperative respiratory tract infection.

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