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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 354-358, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808635

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summary the experience of 233 cases of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) performed by a single surgical team.@*Methods@#Data of patients undergoing LPD from September 2012 to October 2016 were reviewed. There were 145 males and 88 females with the mean age of(60.3±13.0)years old, ranging from 19 to 92 years old, and the mean body mass index of (22.8±3.5)kg/m2, ranging from 16.3 to 36.8 kg/m2. There were 195 patients with clinical manifestation and 54 patients who had the history of abdominal surgery.@*Results@#LPD were performed on 233 patients by same surgical team consecutively. The mean operative time was(368.0±57.4)minutes. Mean blood loss was(203.8±138.6)ml. The postoperative morbidity rate was 33.5%, with 6.9% of grade B or C pancreatic fistula and 9.9% of bleeding. The reoperation rate was 5.6%. The mortality during 30 days after operation was 0.9%. Mean postoperative hospital stay was (18.1±11.2)days. Mean tumor size was (3.9±2.4)cm, and the mean number of lymph nodes harvested was 21.3±11.9.One hundred and sixty-three patients were diagnosed as malignant tumor, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma(n=84), cholangiocarcinoma(n=17), ampullary adenocarcinoma(n=55), duodenal adenocarcinoma(n=5), gastric cancer(n=1)and duel cancer (n=1) located in distal stomach and duodenum.@*Conclusion@#The key point to make laparoscopic pancreaticduodenectomy a routine safe procedure is to operate the procedure under skilled hands in selected patients via suitable surgical approaches.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical efficacy of Easy First strategy in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.Methods The clinical data of 9 patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer who were admitted to the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital of Zhejiang University (8 patients) and Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital (1 patient) from June 2013 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Nine patients underwent laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy based on the Easy First strategy (to sequentially dissect and amputate jejunum,stomach,hepatoduodenal ligament,common bile duct,main portal vein,head of pancreas,second segment and third segment of the duodenum,uncinate process and neck of pancreas).The operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,postoperative pathological examination,complications and duration of hospital stay were recorded.Patients were followed up once every 3 months by outpatient examination and telephone interview up to June 2015.Results Of 9 patients,4 received totally laparoscopic PD (2 received partial resection and repair of portal venous wall),1 received laparoscopic assisted resection and digestive tract reconstruction,and 4 received laparoscopic transection of jejunum,bile tract and stomach and conversion to open surgery for resection and digestive tract reconstruction (1 with severe adhesion between tumor and portal vein,3 with bleeding due to dissection of neck and unciform process of pancreas).The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss in all patients and in 4 patients with totally laparoscopic PD were (404 ± 49) minutes and (456 ± 348) mL,(395 ± 61) minutes and (188 ± 25) mL,respectively.Of 9 patients,5 with postoperative complications were cured without perioperative death,including 2 with Grade B pancreatic fistula,1 with biliary leakage,1 receiving reoperation due to gastric stump bleeding at postoperative day 7 and 1 with abdominal infection.The extubation time of right drainage tube and left drainage tube was (9 ± 5) days and (11 ± 4) days,respectively.The duration of hospital stay was (24 ± 10)days.All patients were diagnosed as with pancreatic cancer by pathological examinations with the tumor diameter of (3.2 ± 0.8) cm.The number of harvested lymph nodes in all patients and in 4 patients with totally laparoscopic PD were 16.8 (range,6.0-25.0) and 19.8 (range,15.0-25.0).All the patients were followed up for mean time of 12 months (range,4-24 months),including 1 death at postoperative month 3,1 with tumor survival of 20 months and others with tumor-free survival.The postoperative survival time of 4 patients was more than 18 months at the end of follow-up.Conclusion Easy First strategy in laparoscopic PD is safe,feasible and practical for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1014-1019, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430873

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) for gastric cancer by systematic review and meta-analysis.Methods The literature database before February,2012 was extensively searched to retrieve the comparative studies of LATG and open total gastrectomy(OTG) with a relevance of study goal.The inclusion and exclusion criteria were formulated.Aftera quality evaluation,the data was extracted.The Cochrane collaboration RevMan 5.1 version software was used for meta-analysis.Results There are ten studies meeting the inclusion criteria for meta-analysis.The total sample size of these studies was 942 cases.Compared to OTG,LATG experienced longer operation time [weighted mean difference(WMD) =41.12 min,95% confidence interval(CI):20.62-61.63,P <0.01)],less blood loss(WMD =-198.36 ml,95% CI:-300.94--95.78,P < 0.01),earlier time to flatus(WMD =-0.80 days,95% CI:-1.17--0.42,P<0.01),shorter hospital stay(WMD =-4.02days,95% CI:-6.03--2.01,P < 0.01) and decrease in overall complications [relative risk (RR) =0.55,95% CI:0.40-0.76,P < 0.01)].The number of dissected lymph nodes,proximal or distal resection margin and mortality were similar between the two groups.Conclusions Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy is a safe and feasible procedure with less blood loss,less overall complications and quick recovery.

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