Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 259
Filter
1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 30-33, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016407

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the trend of heart disease death and the life expectancy without cause of death in Qidong City, Jiangsu Province from 1990 to 2019, and to provide reference for the prevention and control of heart disease. Methods Data on heart disease deaths among residents in Qidong City from 1990 to 2019 were collected through the Qidong City Death Registration and Monitoring System. The crude mortality rate (CR) and Chinese age-standardized mortality rate (CASR), potential years of life loss (PYLL), average years of life loss (AYLL), potential life loss years rate (PYLLR), life expectancy, and life expectancy without cause of death were calculated, and the annual percentage change (APC) was used to analyze the trend of heart disease death. Using SAS9.2 software, the death trend prediction was conducted by the ARIMA model in time series analysis. Results From 1990 to 2019, 27,762 residents died of heart disease in Qidong City, with a CR of 81.20/100 000 and an APC of 3.734%. There were 12 358 deaths of heart disease in men, with a CR of 73.24/100 000 and an APC of 3.86%, while there were 15 404 deaths of heart disease in women, with a CR of 88.95/100 000 and an APC of 3.63%. CR showed an upward trend (all P < 0.001). The PYLL for heart disease was 66 192.00 person-years, the AYLL was 13.23 person-years, and the PYLLR was 2.16‰. The life expectancy loss from heart disease was gradually increasing: 0.89 years in 1990 to 1.85 years in 2019, with an APC of 0.405% (P<0.001, a statistically significant trend). The prediction results showed that in 2029, the life expectancy after heart disease would reach 88.17 years. Conclusion From 1990 to 2019, the crude mortality rate of heart disease in Qidong City has showed an increasing trend, leading to an increasing loss of life due to heart disease year by year. The mortality rate and life loss of heart disease in women are higher than those in men. Targeted intervention measures should be further adopted to reduce the mortality rate of heart disease among residents in Qidong.

2.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 788-800, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Catheter-based pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an effective and well-established intervention for symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Nevertheless, late recurrences of atrial fibrillation (LRAF) occurring during 3 to 12 months are common, and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) in atrial tissue have been linked to the pathophysiological mechanisms and progression of PAF in a few studies. However, their expression patterns in peripheral blood and regulatory function in LRAF are not clear.@*METHODS@#In the present study, the expression profile of circulating circRNAs in three paired nonvalvular PAF patients with or without LRAF was investigated by high-throughput sequencing and validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Bioinformatics analyses, including Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis, and circRNA/miRNA regulatory network, were performed to predict the functions and potential regulatory roles of differentially expressed (DE) circRNAs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 12,834 circRNAs, comprising 5,491 down-regulated and 7,343 up-regulated circRNAs, were found to be DE in blood smaples from the two groups in peripheral blood between LRAF and non-recurrence control individuals. The most enriched GO categories in terms of molecular function, biological process, and cellular component features were catalytic activity, cellular metabolic process, and intracellular part, respectively. The KEGG enrichment study revealed that the most important metabolic process controlled by DE circRNAs is endocytosis. In the circRNA/microRNAs interaction network, four up-regulated circRNAs (hsa_circ_0002665, hsa_circ_0001953, hsa_circ_0003831, and hsa_circ_0040533) and one down-regulated circRNA (hsa_circ_0041103) were predicted to play potential regulatory roles in the pathogenesis of LRAF.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This investigation discovered the expression pattern of circulating circRNAs that is indicative of PAF late recurrence, which may serve as risk markers or therapeutic targets for LRAF after PVI.

3.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 48-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959001

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the survival rate and changing trends of kidney cancer patients in Qidong City from 1972 to 2016, so as to provide insights into kidney cancer control.@*Methods@#Data pertaining to the incidence of kidney cancer in Qidong City from 1972 to 2016 were captured from the Qidong Municipal Cancer Registration System, and the final follow-up period was December 31, 2021. The observed survival rate, relative survival rate and standardized relative survival rate of kidney cancer were calculated to analyze the survival of kidney cancer, and the trends in survival were analyzed among kidney cancer patients from 1972 to 2016 using annual percent change (APC).@*Results@# A total of 554 kidney cancer patients were reported in Qidong City from 1972 to 2016. The 1-, 3- and 5-year observed survival rates, relative survival rates and standardized relative survival rates were 62.27%, 50.54% and 44.04%; 64.31%, 55.71% and 51.93%; and 61.71%, 51.90%, and 51.68%, respectively. The 5-year observed survival rate, relative survival rate and standardized relative survival rate of kidney cancer appeared a tendency towards a rise in Qidong City from 1972 to 2016, with APC of 2.83% (t=4.303, P=0.004), 2.82% (t=3.978, P=0.005) and 3.96% (t=5.898, P=0.001), and the 5-year relative survival rate of kidney cancer was comparable between men and women (53.05% vs. 50.40%; χ2=4.872, P=0.676). There was an age-specific 5-year relative survival rate of kidney cancer (χ2=35.144, P<0.001), with the greatest among patients at ages of 35 to 44 years (64.49%) and the lowest at ages of 75 years and older (30.11%).@*Conclusion@#The 5-year survival rate of kidney cancer cases appeared a tendency towards a rise in Qidong City from 1972 to 2016. Further specific interventions, depending on age, are needed for management of kidney cancer.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3097-3109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981440

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to compare the efficacy of Qi-benefiting and blood-activating Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of ischemic stroke with network Meta-analysis. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library were searched from database inception to October 2022 for randomized controlled trial(RCT) on 11 Qi-benefiting and blood-activating Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of ischemic stroke. The risk of bias plot was made by RevMan 5.3, and network Meta-analysis and efficacy ranking were performed by Stata 17. Ninety-two RCTs were included, involving 10 608 patients. According to the network Meta-analysis, in terms of the clinical total effective rate, surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) as followed: Qilong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Zhishe Tongluo Capsules+conventional western medicine>Longshengzhi Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoxintong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Tongsaimai Tablets+conventional western medicine>Naoan Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoluotong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Xiaoshuan Changrong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Dengzhan Shengmai Capsules+conventional western medicine=Tongxinluo Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naomaitai Capsules+conventional western medicine. In terms of the improvement in National Institute of Health stroke scale(NIHSS) score, SUCRA as followed: Longshengzhi Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naomaitai Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoxintong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Dengzhan Shengmai Capsules+conventional western medicine>Xiaoshuan Changrong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoluotong Capsules+conventional western medi-cine>Tongxinluo Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoan Capsules+conventional western medicine>Qilong Capsules+conventional western medicine. In terms of safety, the overall adverse reactions/events of Qi-benefiting and blood-activating Chinese patent medicines + conventional western medicine were less than those of the control group. Since Qilong Capsules+conventional western medicine and Zhishe Tongluo Capsules+conventional western medicine were preferred to improve the clinical total effective rate. In the aspect of improving NIHSS score, Longshengzhi Capsules+conventional western medicine and Naomaitai Capsules+conventional western medicine were first options. Due to the lack of direct comparisons between drugs, the overall quality of RCT was not high, so more studies are needed to verify the strength of the evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine , Network Meta-Analysis , Qi
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 136-145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996820

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study analyzed the outcome indicators in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment of vertigo, aiming to provide a reference for clinical trial protocol design and the establishment of core indicator sets for vertigo treatment. MethodCNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for the RCTs on TCM treatment of vertigo, and data extraction was conducted. ResultA total of 375 RCTs involving 33 593 patients were included, from which 482 outcome indicators were extracted, with a frequency of 2 715 and an average of seven outcome indicators used for each RCT. In addition, there were some differences in outcome indicators reported by different study groups. According to the functional properties, the reported outcome indicators were classified into nine domains: clinical symptoms and signs, TCM symptom efficacy, physical and chemical examinations, quality of life, mental health, safety events, patients’ satisfaction degree, long-term prognosis, and economic evaluation. The outcome indicators with higher frequency were clinical total effective rate, total TCM symptom score, occurrence of adverse reactions, dizziness handicap inventory (DHI) score, average flow velocity of the basilar artery, incidence of adverse reactions, average flow velocity of the left vertebral artery, average flow velocity of the right vertebral artery, plasma viscosity, and vertigo score. ConclusionThe outcome indicators reported by RCTs of TCM treatment of vertigo mainly have two problems: lack of unified standards and norms and insufficient attention to outcome indicators that can reflect the characteristics of TCM. The construction of the core indicator set for TCM treatment of vertigo should fully highlight the characteristic advantages of TCM and unify the standards and norms for the outcome indicators on this basis, so as to improve the quality of clinical research and the value of secondary research.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 55-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994799

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efficacy of central nervous system (CNS) aspergillosis.Methods:The clinical manifestations, laboratory examination, neuroimaging features, treatment and prognosis of 37 cases of CNS aspergillosis diagnosed and treated in the First Medical Center of People′s Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2000 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the correlation between intracranial lesions and paranasal sinus lesions, they were divided into two groups: rhino-cerebral aspergillosis (RA, n=21) group and cerebral aspergillosis (CA, n=16) group. Results:Only 16.2% (6/37) of CNS aspergillosis patients had a clear background of immunosuppression, but 35.1% (13/37) were complicated with diabetes. The most common clinical manifestations were headache (73.0%, 27/37), cranial nerve involvement (59.5%, 22/37) and fever (37.8%, 14/37). Cerebrospinal fluid characteristics included increased pressure (53.8%, 14/26), increased white blood cell count (46.7%, 14/30), decreased glucose (30.0%, 9/30), increased protein (70.0%, 21/30), and high positive results of the metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of pathogenic microorganism (7/10). Cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed that commonly involved sites were sinus, orbital apex, posterior orbit, cavernous sinus (43.2%, 16/37) and cerebral lobes (27.0%, 10/37). Treatment options included antifungal drugs alone (64.9%, 24/37), combination of drugs and surgery (27.0%, 10/37) and surgery alone (8.1%, 3/37). Compared with the CA group, RA group had fewer males [47.6% (10/21) vs 14/16, χ2=6.34, P=0.012] and older age [(54.2±19.4) years vs (38.4±18.4) years, t=2.50, P=0.017], and was more prone to headache [85.7% (18/21) vs 9/16, χ2=4.00, P=0.046) and cranial nerve involvement [81.0% (17/21) vs 5/16, χ 2=9.31, P=0.006]. The misdiagnosis rate of these patients in the early stage was 73.0% (27/37). A total of 29 patients (85.3%, 29/34) were treated with voriconazole successively, and the course of treatment was 3.0 (0.5, 10.4) months. Compared with salvage therapy, the mortality of primary therapy was lower (4/17 vs 9/12, χ2=7.54, P=0.006). All patients were followed up to December 2021, and 17 patients died, with a mortality rate of 45.9% (17/37). Conclusions:CNS aspergillosis may have no definite immunosuppressive background. Some of CNS aspergillosis patients are complicated with diabetes, and the clinical manifestations of the disease lack specificity, with high misdiagnosis rate in the early stage, no inflammatory changes in cerebrospinal fluid, and high positive rate of mNGS for pathogenic microorganism. Early and long-term application of voriconazole can significantly reduce the mortality rate.

7.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 84-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994392

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to analyze the efficacy and safety of rituximab in the treatment of 23 cases of lupus nephritis and explore the prospect of half-dose rituximab in lupus nephritis treatment. Twenty-three patients with lupus nephritis hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology at the First Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from May 2013 to December 2021 were selected. Eighteen patients received rituximab 375 mg/m 2 on the first and 14th days, 5 patients received 500 mg of rituximab on the first and 14th days, and rituximab was used as needed 6 months later. Methylprednisolone (80-120 mg) was given together with rituximab. Afterward, 1 mg/kg prednisone was used for 4 weeks, which was progressively tapered to maintenance doses or discontinued. B lymphocyte level, renal function, 24-h urine protein level, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease activity index 2000 (SLEDAI2K) score before and after treatment were recorded. The efficacy and adverse reactions were analyzed. The results showed that 11 patients suffered from renal insufficiency [creatinine (162.7±58.6) μmol/L ] at baseline, while the creatinine level of 9 patients returned to normal 12 months after the treatment [ (66.3±10.1)μmol/L ]. Normal renal function of the other 12 patients was maintained during treatment. After 12 months, the 24-h urine protein level decreased from 4.00 (2.00,6.80) g in the baseline period to 0.10 (0.08,0.40) g. SLEDAI2K score decreased from 22 (18,26) in the baseline period to 3 (0,6) 12 months after the treatment. The B lymphocyte level reached 0.00 (0.00,0.01)% at 3 months. Of 23 patients, 13 patients achieved complete remission, and 7 patients achieved partial remission after 6 months of rituximab treatment. Five patients experienced adverse reactions related to rituximab, including 1 case of transfusion reaction, 1 case of perioral herpes with pulmonary infection, and 3 cases of decreased IgG levels. Therefore, rituximab regimen used in this study can be an effective treatment strategy for lupus nephritis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 849-854, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of dual-layer spectral detector CT (DLSDCT) in precise radiotherapy for central lung cancer (CLC) complicated with atelectasis.Methods:Clinical and imaging data (including DLSDCT, PET-CT, and radiotherapy simulation CT images) of 26 patients with pathologically confirmed CLC accompanied by atelectasis from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University and Shandong Cancer Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. There were 21 males and 5 females, aged 36-82 years. Two physicians assessed CLC identifiability on DLSDCT, PET-CT, and simulation localization CT images, respectively, and outlined the gross tumor volume (GTV) and measured GTV values (GTV DLSDCT, GTV PET-CT, GTV CT). Paired-sample Friedman test was used to compare the differences in GTV of the three images, and the SNK test with Bonferroni correction was used for a two-way comparison. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to compare the agreement of measured GTV between 2 physicians. Results:The differentiation rates on PET-CT, DLSDCT, and simulation CT images were 100% (26/26), 80.77% (21/26), and 11.54% (3/26), respectively. The differentiation rate of CLC on DLSDCT images was significantly higher than that on simulation CT images (χ 2=16.06, P<0.001). GTV CT, GTV PET-CT, and GTV DLSDCT measured on simulation localization CT images, PET-CT images, and DLSDCT images were 58.75 (22.57, 86.17) cm 3, 47.34 (18.13, 69.25) cm 3, and 51.40 (18.87, 71.31) cm 3, respectively, with statistically significant differences (χ 2=44.99, P<0.001). Both GTV DLSDCT and GTV PET-CT were significantly smaller than GTV CT (χ 2=4.23, 6.59, Bonferroni corrected P<0.001), and there was no significant difference between GTV DLSDCT and GTV PET-CT (χ 2=2.36, Bonferroni corrected P=0.055). The agreement between the two physicians was good for GTV values measured on both DLSDCT and PET-CT (ICC=0.86, 0.89). Conclusions:On DLSDCT images, most CLC and atelectasis can be identified. Compared to simulation localization CT, the tumor target areas outlined on DLSDCT are closer to PET-CT, and the tumor volumes outlined by different physicians are more consistent.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 344-348,C4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of Da Vinci robotic surgical system in the reoperation of recurrent or residual thyroid cancer.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 9 patients with Da Vinci robot-assisted reoperation for thyroid cancer in the 960th Hospital of the People′s Liberation Army of China from September 2018 to January 2022, the operation time, number of lymph nodes dissected, intraoperative blood loss, length of hospital stay, total postoperative drainage volume, incidence of complications, satisfaction with postoperative aesthetic effect, visual analyogue scale (VAS) score at the 24 h after surgery and number of recurrence during follow-up were counted.Results:The surgery time of 9 cases was (186.67±44.44) min, the number of lymph nodes cleared were (15.77±13.59), intraoperative blood loss was (21.11±16.91) mL, hospital stay were (10.67±3.32) days, total postoperative drainage was (286.94±90.85) mL. There was no complications, and all patients were satisfied with the postoperative cosmetic effect whose VAS score was (8.22±1.09), and VAS score was 0 to 3 (2.44±0.73) points, no recurrence during the follow-up period from 6 to 46 months.Conclusion:With adequate preoperative evaluation and an experienced surgeon team, the use of robots in recurrent or residual thyroid cancer resurgery is feasible, safe and effective.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 634-639, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986182

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the incidence and survival rate of liver cancer cases in the entire population in the Qidong region from 1972 to 2019, so as to provide a basis for prognosis evaluation, prevention, and treatment. Methods: The observed survival rate (OSR) and relative survival rate (RSR) of 34 805 cases of liver cancer in the entire Qidong region population from 1972 to 2019 were calculated using Hakulinen's method with SURV3.01 software. Hakulinen's likelihood ratio test was used for statistical analysis. Age-standardized relative survival (ARS) was calculated using the International Cancer Survival Standard. The Joinpoint regression analysis was performed with Joinpoint 4.7.0.0 software to calculate the average annual percentage change (AAPC) of the liver cancer survival rate. Results: 1-ASR increased from 13.80% in 1972-1977 to 50.20% in 2014-2019, while 5-ASR increased from 1.27% in 1972-1977 to 27.64% in 2014-2019. The upward trend of RSR over eight periods was statistically significant (χ (2) = 3045.29, P < 0.001). Among them, male 5-ASR was 0.90%, 1.80%, 2.33%, 4.92%, 5.43%, 7.05%, 10.78%, and 27.78%, and female 5-ASR was 2.33%, 1.51%, 3.35%, 3.92%, 3.84%, 7.18%, 11.45%, and 29.84%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in RSR between males and females (χ (2) = 45.68, P < 0.001). The 5-RSR for each age group of 25-34 years old, 35-44 years old, 45-54 years old, 55-64 years old, 65-74 years old, and 75 years old were 4.92%, 5.29%, 8.17%, 11.70%, 11.63%, and 9.60%, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in RSR among different age groups (χ (2) = 501.29, P < 0.001). The AAPC in Qidong region from 1972 to 2019 for 1-ARS, 3-ASR, and 5-ARS were 5.26% (t = 12.35, P < 0.001), 8.10% (t = 15.99, P < 0.001), and 8.96 % (t = 16.06, P < 0.001), respectively. The upward trend was statistically significant in all cases. The AAPC of 5-ARS was 9.82% in males (t = 14.14, P < 0.001), and 8.79% in females (t = 11.48, P < 0.001), and the upward trend was statistically significant in both. The AAPC of 25-34 years old, 35-44 years old, 45-54 years old, 55-64 years old, 65-74 years old, and 75 years old were 5.37% (t = 5.26, P = 0.002), 5.22% (t = 5.66, P = 0.001), 7.20% (t = 6.88, P < 0.001), 10.00% (t = 12.58, P < 0.001), 9.96% (t = 7.34, P < 0.001) and 8.83% (t = 3.51, P = 0.013), and the upward trend was statistically significant. Conclusion: The overall survival rate of registered cases of liver cancer in the Qidong region's entire population has greatly improved, but there is still much room for improvement. Hence, constant attention should be paid to the study on preventing and treating liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Survival Rate , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prognosis , Incidence , Software , China/epidemiology
11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1255-1260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008958

ABSTRACT

Central lung cancer is a common disease in clinic which usually occurs above the segmental bronchus. It is commonly accompanied by bronchial stenosis or obstruction, which can easily lead to atelectasis. Accurately distinguishing lung cancer from atelectasis is important for tumor staging, delineating the radiotherapy target area, and evaluating treatment efficacy. This article reviews domestic and foreign literatures on how to define the boundary between central lung cancer and atelectasis based on multimodal images, aiming to summarize the experiences and propose the prospects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Atelectasis/complications , Bronchi , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , Multimodal Imaging
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5531-5539, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008749

ABSTRACT

"Tangjie" leaves of cultivated Qinan agarwood were used to obtain the complete chloroplast genome using high-throughput sequencing technology. Combined with 12 chloroplast genomes of Aquilaria species downloaded from NCBI, bioinformatics method was employed to determine the chloroplast genome characteristics and phylogenetic relationships. The results showed that the chloroplast genome sequence length of cultivated Qinan agarwood "Tangjie" leaves was 174 909 bp with a GC content of 36.7%. A total of 136 genes were annotated, including 90 protein-coding genes, 38 tRNA genes, and 8 rRNA genes. Sequence repeat analysis detected 80 simple sequence repeats(SSRs) and 124 long sequence repeats, with most SSRs composed of A and T bases. Codon preference analysis revealed that AUU was the most frequently used codon, and codons with A and U endings were preferred. Comparative analysis of Aquilaria chloroplast genomes showed relative conservation of the IR region boundaries and identified five highly variable regions: trnD-trnY, trnT-trnL, trnF-ndhJ, petA-cemA, and rpl32, which could serve as potential DNA barcodes specific to the Aquilaria genus. Selection pressure analysis indicated positive selection in the rbcL, rps11, and rpl32 genes. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that cultivated Qinan agarwood "Tangjie" and Aquilaria agallocha clustered together(100% support), supporting the Chinese origin of Qinan agarwood from Aquilaria agallocha. The chloroplast genome data obtained in this study provide a foundation for studying the genetic diversity of cultivated Qinan agarwood and molecular identification of the Aquilaria genus.


Subject(s)
Phylogeny , Genome, Chloroplast , Codon , Molecular Sequence Annotation , Thymelaeaceae/genetics
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5102-5112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008680

ABSTRACT

In this study, the evidence map system was used to sort out the clinical research evidence on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment of vertigo and understand the evidence distribution in this field. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Web of Science were searched for the clinical randomized controlled trial(RCT) and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis on TCM treatment of vertigo in recent five years, and the evidence was analyzed and presented in the form of text and charts. The Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions was used to evaluate the quality of the clinical RCT, and the AMSTAR mea-surement tool was used to evaluate the quality of the systematic reviews/Meta-analysis. A total of 382 RCTs and eight systematic reviews/Meta-analysis were included. In recent five years, the number of published articles has been on the rise. There were many intervention measures and TCM therapies for vertigo. Outcome indicators mainly included clinical efficacy, TCM syndrome score, vertigo score, occurrence of adverse reactions, and effective rate. The overall quality of clinical RCT and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis was low. Most studies have proven the potential efficacy of TCM in treating vertigo, but there was still no clear clinical evidence of efficacy. The results show that TCM has advantages in the treatment of vertigo, but there are also problems. More high-quality studies are still lacking, suggesting that more large-sample and multi-center RCT should be conducted in the future, and the quality of relevant syste-matic reviews/Meta-analysis should be improved to fully explore the advantages of TCM in the treatment of vertigo, and provide strong support for the effectiveness and safety of TCM in the treatment of vertigo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Syndrome , Publications , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
14.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 288-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and feasibility of bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robot in the operation of thyroid cancer in obese women. Methods:The clinical data of 81 obese female patients who underwent da Vinci robotic thyroid cancer surgery(robotic group) at the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, PLA 960 Hospital from May 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed and compared with the clinical data of 106 obese female thyroid cancer patients who underwent open surgery(open group) during the same period. The age, body mass index(BMI), mean time of surgery, mean postoperative drainage, tumor diameter, postoperative tumor stage, number of lymph node dissection in the central and lateral cervical regions, number of positive lymph nodes in the central and lateral cervical regions, postoperative cosmetic outcome satisfaction score, mean postoperative hospital stay and postoperative complications of all patients were counted. The results were analyzed using SPSS 26.0 statistical software, and the count data were compared using the χ² test, and the measurement data were compared using the t test. Results:All patients completed the operation successfully, and there was no conversion in the robot group, postoperative pathological results were all composed of papillary thyroid carcinoma. The operation time in the robot group was(144.62±36.38) min, which was longer than that in the open group(117.06±18.72) min(P<0.05). The average age of the robot group was(40.25±9.27) years, which was lower than that of the open group(49.59±8.70) years(P<0.05). The satisfactory score of cosmetic effect in the robot group(9.44±0.65) was higher than that in the open group(5.23±1.07)(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in tumor diameter, BMI, average postoperative drainage, temporary hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, number of central and lateral cervical lymph node dissection, number of positive lymph nodes in the central and lateral cervical regions, and average postoperative hospital stay between the two groups. There was no permanent hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in both groups. Conclusion:The application of BABA pathway robot in thyroid cancer surgery in obese women is safe and feasible, and the cosmetic effect is better after operation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Robotics/methods , Retrospective Studies , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries , Thyroidectomy/methods , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Neck Dissection , Treatment Outcome
15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 145-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features, laboratory and imaging results, treatment and outcomes of eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) and assess the value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of EF.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 45 patients with EF treated in our center from January 1, 2006 to February 28, 2022. The consistency between the diagnoses of EF based on ultrasound and MRI findings was assessed.@*RESULTS@#In the 45 EF patients (male/female ratio 3.5:1), the age of onset ranged from 16 to 64 years with a mean disease course of 22.6 months. The average time from symptom onset to diagnosis was 16 months. The most common possible trigger of the disease was vigorous exercise (10/45), causing symmetrical lesions in the limbs, most commonly in the forearms (86.7%) and lower legs (80%). Clinical features of EF included subcutaneous swelling and induration (95.6%), arthralgia and arthritis (55.6%), groove sign (42.2%), hand joint contractures (42.2%), skin pigmentation (37.8%), and peau d'orange appearance (13.3%). Eosinophilia was found in 31 patients (68.9%). Hypergammaglobulinemia was seen in 23/44 (52.3%) and positive antinuclear antibodies in 9 (20%) of the patients. Twentyone of the patients were treated with high-dose methylprednisolone (≥200 mg daily for 3 to 5 consecutive days), and compared with the patients who did not receive this treatment, these patients more frequently experienced relapse before admission, had more extensive involvement, and had a higher rate of hypergammaglobulinemia without fever, but these differences were not statistically significant. Of the 31 patients (68.9%) with follow-up data (for a median of 3.2 years [range 0.2-15.9]), complete remission was achieved in 12 (38.7%) patients, and the accumulative complete remission rate was 44.1% at 5.5 years. No specific baseline characteristics or immunosuppressants were found to correlate with the treatment response. A total of 26 patients underwent both ultrasound and MRI examination, and the Kappa value of the diagnostic results between ultrasound and MRI was 0.91.@*CONCLUSION@#EF is characterized by symmetrical subcutaneous swelling and induration in the limbs, accompanied by eosinophilia and hypergammaglobulinemia. Glucocorticoid is effective for treating EF. Ultrasound examination can identify thickening of subcutaneous fascia for an early diagnosis of EF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Retrospective Studies , Hypergammaglobulinemia , Eosinophilia , Ultrasonography , Hand , Contracture , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 99-103, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935188

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the epidemic characteristics of stomach cancer mortality in Qidong between 1972 and 2016. Methods: The cancer registry data of stomach cancer death and population during 1972-2016 in Qidong was collected. The mortality of crude rate (CR), China age-standardized rate (CASR), world age-standardized rate (WASR), 35-64 years truncated rate, 0-74 years cumulative rate, cumulative risk, percentage change (PC), annual percent change (APC) were calculated. Results: During 1972-2016, a total of 15 863 (male: 10 114, female: 5 749) deaths occurred attributed to stomach cancer, accounting for 16.04% of all cancers, with CR of 31.37/100 000 (CASR: 12.97/100 000, WASR: 21.39/100 000). The truncated rate of 35-64, cumulative rate of 0-74, and cumulative risk were 28.86/100 000, 2.54%, and 2.51%, respectively. For male, the CR, CASR, WASR were 40.53/100 000, 17.98/100 000, 30.13/100 000, respectively, and for female, the CR, CASR, WASR were 22.45/100 000, 8.52/100 000, 13.92/100 000, respectively. Age-specific mortality analysis showed that the mortality of each age group under 25-year-old group was less than 1/100 000. The CR increased with age. The 50-year-old group reached and exceeded the average mortality of the population, and more than 80-year-old group reached the peak of death. During 1972-2016 in Qidong, The PCs in CR, CASR, and WASR of stomach cancer were 55.43%, -52.02%, -43.60%. The APC were 0.54%, -2.30%, -2.08%, respectively. Period mortality analysis showed that except for the 75-year-old group, the mortality of stomach cancer decreased significantly. Conclusions: The crude mortality of stomach cancer increases slightly in Qidong, while the CASR and WASR decrease significantly. However, stomach cancer is still one of the malignant tumors that most affect health and seriously threat lives.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Registries , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology
17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 99-103, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933438

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and work impairment in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) based on real-world evidence. Outpatients with confirmed AS at Chinese PLA General Hospital were recruited consecutively by Smart-phone SpondyloArthritis Management System (SpAMS) from April 2016 to April 2018. The relationship between CRP and work productivity and activity impairment questionnaire (WPAI) were evaluated. Five hundred and fifty-one outpatients with AS in paid employment were recruited. The presenteeism, overall work impairment, and activity impairment rates increased by 1.4% (1.1%, 1.8%), 1.1% (0.5%, 1.6%), and 1.7% (1.3%, 2.1%), respectively, for every 10 mg/L increase in the CRP level (all P value<0.01). However, the CRP level was not associated with absenteeism after adjusting for covariates [0.5%(-0.4%, 1.0%), P>0.05]. There is a significant association between increased serum CRP levels at baseline and the previous 7-day work impairment in patients with AS. Higher CRP levels contribute to worse presenteeism, overall work impairment, and activity impairment rates, which suggests the necessity of monitoring CRP on treatment, and also indicates that anti-inflammatory therapy may be effective for improving work productivity.

18.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 893-900, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957659

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease mainly affecting the sacroiliac joints, spine and peripheral joints. In China, standardized diagnosis and treatment of AS is still to be popularized. Based on the evidence and guidelines from China and other countries, Chinese Rheumatology Association developed standardization of diagnosis and treatment of AS. The purposes are: (1) to standardize the diagnosis and evaluation of AS; (2) to promote rational use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, biological as well as traditional disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, so as to improve the patient′s quality of life.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1371-1377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957389

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the survival rate of malignant tumor in the elderly over 60 years old in Qidong city from 1972 to 2016, and to provide basis for prognosis evaluation and prevention.Methods:Based on the data of 66 386 patients with malignant tumor in the elderly over 60 years old in the Qidong cancer registration and reporting system, the survival outcome was tracked by the method of active follow-up and passive follow-up.All of these data were then analyzed by stratification of sex, age, tumor site and hospital level.Results:During the period of 1972 to 2016, the total number of patients with malignant tumors in the elderly were 66 386 cases, accounting for 56.66% of patients in all age groups.The observed survival rate(OSR)of 5 and 10 years were 14.52% and 9.53% and relative survival rate(RSR)of 5 and 10 years were 19.76% and 18.92%, respectively, in the elderly in Qidong.The 5-year RSR was 16.98% for males and 23.91% for females, being a statistically significant( χ2=339.83, P<0.001). The 5-year RSRs of elderly patients in males and females increased from 7.53% and 15.83% in 1972-1976 to 28.06% and 39.01% in 2012-2016, respectively.The 5-year RSR of 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84 and 85 years old and over were 22.84%, 20.53%, 17.74%, 18.30%, 18.02% and 14.06%, respectively, with a statistically significant difference( χ2=694.27, P<0.001). Among the top 10 major malignancies, the ranks of 5-year RSR from high to low were breast cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, colorectal cancer, malignant lymphoma, gastric cancer, liver cancer, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer, respectively.A comparison between 2002--2016 and 1972--1986 showed that the increased rank of absolute values of RSR from highest to lowest were prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, female breast cancer, bladder cancer, gastric cancer, malignant lymphoma, liver cancer, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer, respectively.The 5-year RSR of patients diagnosed in the district / township hospitals, county hospitals, city-level 3A hospitals and provincial-level 3A hospitals were 13.97%, 23.71%, 26.12% and 28.55%, respectively, with a statistically significant difference( χ2=841.93, P<0.001). In the 45 years, the average annual percentage change(AAPC)ratio of 5-year OSR was 3.88%( t=6.75, P<0.001), and the 5-year RSR was 3.69%( t=7.44, P=0.001); the AAPC of the 5-year RSR was 3.91%( t=9.66, P<0.001)in males and 3.42%( t=6.08, P=0.001)in females.The AAPC ratio of 5-year RSR in each age group were 4.08% for 60-64 years, 4.18% for 65-69 years, 3.91% for 70-74 years, 3.12% for 75-79 years, 3.81% for 80-84 years, 0.51% for 85 years old and over, respectively.Except for age group of 85 years old and over( P=0.615), significant rising trends were observed in all age groups( P<0.01). Conclusions:Malignant tumors in the elderly have become the major cancer burden in Qidong, and there are significant gender and age differences.The overall survival rate in elderly patients with malignant tumors has been significantly improved in the past 45 years, which may be related to the improvement in the level of diagnosis and treatment and the service capacity of hospitals.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 905-911, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957084

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the morphologic features of the fusion site of proximal tibial epiphysis in normal adults and analyze its potential clinical value based on Mimics three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction.Methods:CT images of knee joint of 68 patients without obvious abnormalities of lower limbs were retrospectively analyzed in electronic database of our hospital from June 2020 to June 2021, including 41 males and 27 females. The mean age of the patients was 38.7±8.4 years (range, 25-55 years), and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 25.3±4.0 kg/m 2 (range, 18.75-41.8 kg/m 2). Mimics 3D reconstruction technique was used to reconstruct the 3D model of the proximal tibia and epiphyseal fusion site. The relationship between the surface area of epiphyseal fusion site and age and BMI was studied, and the changes of cortical thickness and density at epiphyseal fusion site were also explored. Results:The fusion site of adult epiphyseal reconstructed by Mimics 3D reconstruction is a complex wavy surface structure in 3D space. The surface area of the epiphyseal fusion site was 2,994.7±645.3 mm 2 (range, 1,704.0-4,650.0 mm 2) obtained by 3-Matic Research 12.0. The fusing area of male epiphysis was 3 269.3±533.9 mm 2 than that of female 2,577.6±578.7 mm 2, the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.06, P<0.001). However, there was no significant correlation between the epiphyseal fusion site surface area and age ( R2=0.02, P=0.268) and BMI ( R2=0.04, P=0.125). Mimics software was used to obtain the CT values of bone cortex at the epiphysis line and the distal end of the epiphysis line at 10 mm and 20 mm levels as 451.059±74.953 Hu, 1,018.412±125.732 Hu and 1,414.162±107.848 Hu, respectively. The thickness of bone cortex was 1.814±0.090 mm, 2.511±0.089 mm and 3.189±0.185 mm at 10 mm and 20 mm layers of epiphysis line and distal epiphysis line, respectively. Conclusion:In this study, Mimics 3D reconstruction technique was used to visualize the fusion site of the proximal tibial epiphysis in normal adults. The epiphyseal fusion site of adult is a undulating plate-like structure, and the cortical bone density of epiphyseal fusion site is low and thin, theoretically, it is easy to fracture under indirect violence.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL