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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 166-169, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005434

ABSTRACT

A novel pair of Z/E isomeric compounds with unprecedented carbon skeleton were isolated from an aqueous extract of Aspongopus chinensis Dallas by macroporous resin, silica gel, and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Their structures were identified by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Infrared spectroscopy (IR), Mass spectroscopy (MS) and other spectroscopic methods as (Z)-3-(but-1″-en-1″-yl)-1-(2ʹ-hydroxyethyl)-4-propylpyridin-1-ium, namely aspongopyridine A, and (E)-3-(but-1″-en-1″-yl)-1-(2ʹ-hydroxyethyl)-4-propylpyridin-1-ium, namely aspongopyridine B, respectively. Besides, the anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, acetylcholinesterase inhibition and butyrylcholinesterase inhibition activities of the compounds 1 and 2 were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 1 and 2 have no anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and butyrylcholinesterase inhibition activities instead of weak acetylcholinesterase inhibition activity.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 225-229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with Beh?et′s disease.Methods:The clinical characteristics of 86 newly diagnosed children with Beh?et′s disease admitted to the rheumatology department of Beijing Children′s Hospital from July 2015 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Statistical product and service solutions (SPSS) 26 was used for statistical analysis. The normal distribution of measurement data is expressed in Mean± SD, and the non normaldistribution of measurement data was expressed in median(minimum, maximum). The counting data was expressed in frequency (cases) and percentage. Results:There was no gender difference in the incidence of Beh?et′s disease in 86 children.The age of onset was 0.1~15.9 years, with an average of (7±4) years, and the age of diagnosis was 1.3~16.6 years, with an average of (10±4) years.The course of disease from onset to diagnosis was 0.5~168 months, with a median course of 21 months. Among 86 cases, 52 cases (60.5%) showed the most common oral ulcer at the onset, followed by 19 cases (22.1%) with fever. In terms of clinical manifestations: the most common clinical manifestation was oral ulcer in 82 cases (95.3%), followed by fever in 58 cases (67.4%), and gastrointestinal symptoms in 44 cases (51.2%). The common manifestation of digestive system involvement was abdominal pain and diarrhea. Ten cases (11.6%) had ocular symptoms, 13 cases (15.3%) had vascular involvement, and 3 cases (3.5%) had pulmonary involvement. Fourteen cases (16.2%) had family history. Fourty seven patients (54.7%) had elevated leukocyte, 65 patients (75.6%) had elevated CRP and 72 patients (83.7%) had elevated ESR.Conclusion:Beh?et′s disease in children is usually insidious in onset and infants may suffer from this disease. Oral ulcer is the most common clinical manifestation, followed by fever. For patients with fever of unknown cause, Beh?et′s disease should be noted. In terms of involvement of important organs, digestive tract involvement is more common in childhood, followed by large blood vessels and eyes.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 712-720, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacies of O-arm combined with CT three-dimensional navigation system assisted screw placement versus manual screw placement in treating lower cervical fracture and dislocation.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 41 patients with lower cervical fracture and dislocation, who were treated in Honghui Hospital, Xi′an Jiaotong University from May 2021 to February 2022. The patients included 26 males and 15 females, aged 31.5-48.6 years [(41.5±15.0)years]. The injured segments were C 3 in 3 patients, C 4 in 12, C 5 in 13, C 6 in 10 and C 7 in 3. Nineteen patients were treated with cervical pedicle screws by O-shaped arm combined with CT three-dimensional navigation system (navigation group, 76 screws) and 22 by bare hands (traditional group, 88 screws). The total operation time, effective operation time, single nail placement time, single screw correction times, screw distance from anterior cortex, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopic radiation dose, incision length and length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups, and the height of intervertebral space, Cobb angle, interbody slip distance and American Spinal injury Association (ASIA) grade were compared before operation and at 3 days after operation. Visual analogue score (VAS), Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, and neck dysfunction index (NDI) were evaluated before operation, at 3 days, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up. Accuracy of screw placement and incidence of complications (adjacent facet joint invasion, infection, screw loosening) were detected as well. Results:All the patients were followed up for 11.1-13.9 months [(12.5±1.4)months]. The total operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopic radiation dose and incision length in the navigation group were more or longer than those in the traditional group (all P<0.05). The effective operation time, single nail placement time, single nail correction times and screw distance from anterior cortex in the navigation group were markedly less or smaller than those in the traditional group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the length of hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were significant improvements in the height of intervertebral space, Cobb angle and interbody slip distance between the two groups at 3 days after operation (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the height of intervertebral space, Cobb angle, interbody slip distance or ASIA grade between the two groups before operation or at 3 days after operation (all P>0.05). Compared with pre-operation, the VAS, JOA score and NDI were significantly improved in both groups at 3 days, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up (all P<0.05), with further improvement with time. There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups before operation or at 3 months after operation (all P>0.05), but it was markedly lower in the navigation group compared with the traditional group at 3 days after operation and at the last follow-up (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in JOA score or NDI between the two groups before operation or at 3 days and 3 months after operation (all P>0.05), but both were lower in the navigation group compared with the traditional group at the last follow-up (all P<0.05). The accuracies of placement of grade 0 and grade 0+1 screws were 92.0% (70/76) and 96.6% (73/76) in the navigation group, respectively, which were markedly higher than 88.7% (78/88) and 93.5% (82/88) in the traditional group (all P<0.05). The rates of adjacent facet joint invasion of A, B, and C degrees were 71.2% (54/76), 28.8% (22/76) and 0% (0/76) in the navigation group, respectively, while the invasion rates were 60.5% (53/88), 32.3% (28/88) and 7.3% (7/88) in the traditional group ( P<0.05). No screw loosening was noted in the navigation group, but the screw loosening rate was 9.1% (8/88) in the traditional group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Compared with manual screw placement, O-arm combined with CT three-dimensional navigation system assisted screw placement for lower cervical fracture and dislocation has the advantages of shorter effective operation time, quicker screw placement, stronger screw holding force, better cervical stability, slighter postoperative pain, higher screw placement accuracy, and lower facet joint invasion and screw loosening rates.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 427-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of osteoporotic lumbar compression fracture (OLCF) via the approach through midpoint transverse process-transition zone of articular process and the unilateral transpedicular approach.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 794 patients with OLCF treated in Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University School of Medicine from January 2017 to December 2019. The patients were divided into transitional-zone puncture group (400 patients, 400 vertebrae) and pedicle puncture group (394 patients, 394 vertebrae) according to the envelope method. The transitional-zone puncture group was treated with PVP via the approach through midpoint transverse process-transition zone of articular process, and the pedicle puncture group was treated with PVP via the unilateral transpedicular approach. The operation time and radiation dose were documented. The visual analogue score (VAS) and Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) were evaluated before operation and at 1 day, 3 months, 1 year after operation. The cement distribution and the incidence of complications such as cement leakage, re-fracture of the injured vertebra, spinal cord nerve injury and facet joint injury were detected.Results:The patients were composed of 270 males and 524 females, at the age of 68.9-78.5 years [(73.7±4.8)years]. All patients were followed up for 12-14 months [(13.4±0.8)months]. The operation time and radiation dose in transitional-zone puncture group were reduced compared with pedicle puncture group ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in VAS and ODI between the two groups before operation (all P>0.05). The VAS between transitional-zone puncture group [(2.1±0.9)points, (2.3±1.1)points, (2.7±1.3)points] and pedicle puncture group [(2.3±0.7)points, (2.5±0.9)points, (2.9±1.1)points] was obviously reduced from that before operation (all P<0.01), significantly different at 1 day, 3 months, 1 year after operation ( P<0.05 or 0.01). The ODI between transitional-zone puncture group (14.3±1.8, 13.6±3.4, 11.3±4.4) and pedicle puncture group (25.5±5.7, 20.7±6.3, 20.6±6.9) was significantly different at 1 day, 3 months, 1 year after operation (all P<0.01), and all were obviously reduced from that before operation (all P<0.01). With regard to the cement distribution, the number of bilaterally cemented vertebrae in transitional-zone puncture group (324) was more than that in pedicle puncture group (94) ( P<0.01). The incidence of cement leakage, re-fracture of the injured vertebra and facet joint injury was 8.25%(22/400), 0.00%(0/400) and 3.25%(13/400) in transitional-zone puncture group, significantly different from 20.81%(82/394), 2.03%(8/394) and 9.90%(39/394) in pedicle puncture group ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There was no significant difference in spinal cord nerve injury between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For OLCF, PVP via the approach through the midpoint transverse process-transition zone of articular process and the unilateral transpedicular approach are both effective, but the former has advantages of shorter operation time, smaller radiation dose, greater dispersion of bone cement and lower incidence of cement leakage, re-fracture of the injured vertebra and facet joint injury.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 127-137, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy between pedicle screws combined with vertebroplasty (PSV) and pedicle screws combined with intermediate screws (PSIS) for the treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (OTLF).Methods:PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang database were searched for all randomized controlled trial (RCT) or case-control trial (CCT) studies that comparing PSV and PSIS for the treatment of OTLF. Two reviewers independently screened the studies in the light of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data and evaluated the quality of the included studies. The Meta-analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.4 software. The subjects were divided into PSV group and PSIS group according to different treatment methods. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative incision infection rate, postoperative short-, mid- and long-term visual analogue scale (VAS) score, postoperative short- and mid-term Oswestry disability index (ODI), hospitalization time, postoperative short-, mid- and long-term Cobb angle, postoperative short-, mid- and long-term anterior vertebral height ratio (VBH) and implant failure rate were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 12 studies were enrolled for review, involving 870 subjects (433 in PSV group and 437 in PSIS group). The results showed insignificant difference between the two groups in operation time ( WMD=7.07, 95% CI -4.00, 18.13, P>0.05), intraoperative blood loss ( WMD=0.62, 95% CI -7.19, 8.43, P>0.05), postoperative incision infection rate ( OR=0.65, 95% CI 0.10, 4.08, P>0.05), postoperative short-term Cobb angle ( WMD=-0.19, 95% CI -0.43, 0.05, P>0.05) and postoperative short-term VBH ( WMD=0.91, 95% CI -1.30, 3.13, P>0.05). However, there was significant difference between the two groups in postoperative short-term VAS score ( WMD=-0.59, 95% CI -1.02, -0.15, P<0.05), mid-term VAS score ( WMD=-0.41, 95% CI -0.65, -0.16, P<0.05), long-term VAS score ( WMD=-0.51, 95% CI -0.59, -0.43, P<0.05), postoperative short-term ODI ( WMD=-6.26, 95% CI -9.65, -2.87, P<0.05), postoperative mid-term ODI ( WMD=-2.44, 95% CI -3.43, -1.45, P<0.05), hospitalization time ( WMD=-2.65, 95% CI -4.61, -0.68, P<0.05), postoperative mid-term Cobb angle ( WMD=-1.40, 95% CI -2.41, -0.39, P<0.05), postoperative long-term Cobb angle ( WMD=-1.06, 95% CI -1.59, -0.52, P<0.05), postoperative mid-term VBH ( WMD=3.06, 95% CI 1.31, 4.81, P<0.05), postoperative long-term VBH ( WMD=4.11, 95% CI 2.44, 5.77, P<0.05) and implant failure rate ( OR=2.06, 95% CI 0.11, 0.59, P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with PSIS, PSV can not reduce the operation time, intraoperative blood loss and incision infection in the treatment of OTLF, but it can significantly relieve pain, improve function, decrease reduce hospitalization time, help to maintain Cobb angle and anterior vertebral height after operation, and reduce implant failure rate.

6.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 651-654, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004805

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To design and simulate routine serological experiments in transfusion techniques using RhD blood group, so as to solve the problem of difficult to obtain positive specimens in experimental teaching. 【Methods】 RhD positive red blood cells, RhD negative red blood cells and anti-D reagent were used to design and simulate the enzyme treatment experiment, absorption and elution test, antibody identification experiment and cross matching experiment of polybrene technology in transfusion techniques. 【Results】 Papain treatment of red blood cells made the agglutination of RhD positive red blood cells and IgG anti-D visible. Absorption and elution test were successfully simulated with RhD positive red blood cells and IgG anti-D reagent. The antibody identification of anti-Jka and anti-Fya was successfully simulated by creating different identification panel and panel cells made by RhD positive cells and negative cells. Cross matching test of polybrene method can also be simulated using RhD negative and positive red blood cells and IgG anti-D reagent. 【Conclusion】 RhD blood group can be used to simulate most of the routine serological experiments of blood transfusion, which can be used in the serological laboratory teaching of transfusion.

7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 261-272, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971551

ABSTRACT

The extracellular domain (p75ECD) of p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) antagonizes Aβ neurotoxicity and promotes Aβ clearance in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The impaired shedding of p75ECD is a key pathological process in AD, but its regulatory mechanism is largely unknown. This study was designed to investigate the presence and alterations of naturally-occurring autoantibodies against p75ECD (p75ECD-NAbs) in AD patients and their effects on AD pathology. We found that the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) level of p75ECD-NAbs was increased in AD, and negatively associated with the CSF levels of p75ECD. Transgenic AD mice actively immunized with p75ECD showed a lower level of p75ECD and more severe AD pathology in the brain, as well as worse cognitive functions than the control groups, which were immunized with Re-p75ECD (the reverse sequence of p75ECD) and phosphate-buffered saline, respectively. These findings demonstrate the impact of p75ECD-NAbs on p75NTR/p75ECD imbalance, providing a novel insight into the role of autoimmunity and p75NTR in AD.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Alzheimer Disease/pathology , Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Autoantibodies , Mice, Transgenic
8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 456-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964248

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the visual quality of patients with high myopia and cataract who received micro binocular single vision implantation of Tecnis Symfony intraocular lens(IOL), hybrid implantation of Tecnis Symfony IOL and Tecnis ZMB00 multifocal IOL, and binocular implantation of AcrySof IQ Panoptix IOL.METHODS: A prospective non-randomized controlled study was conducted to select patients with high myopia and cataract who underwent phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College from August 2020 to March 2022. According to the different IOL implantation schemes selected by patients, they are divided into micro single vision group, hybrid group and trifocal group. The postoperative follow-up was 3mo. The observation indexes included uncorrected far(5m), middle(80, 60cm)and near(33cm)visual acuity at 3mo after operation, contrast sensitivity(CS), uncorrected defocus curve under far vision, subjective visual quality score and light interference at 1 and 3mo after operation.RESULTS: There was no significant difference among the three groups in uncorrected far(5m)and middle(60cm)visual acuity at 3mo after operation(P<0.05); Uncorrected middle(80cm)distance visual acuity in the micro single vision group was similar to that in the hybrid group, and both were better than that in the trifocal group(P<0.05); Uncorrected near(33cm)distance vision of the hybrid group showed the best, followed by the trifocal group, and the lowest was in the micro single vision group(all P<0.05). The CS of dark light plus glare(12, 18c/d)was the best in the trifocal group, followed by the hybrid group, and the lowest was in the micro single vision group(all P<0.05). The defocus curve at 3mo after operation showed a span of +1.00~-3.00D, and the visual acuity of the three groups was better than 0.3 LogMAR; In the span of -1.00~-1.25D, the visual acuity of the hybrid group and micro single vision group was better than that of the trifocal group(all P<0.05); In the span of -3.00~-3.50D, the visual acuity of the hybrid group was the best, followed by trifocal group, and the lowest was in the micro single vision group(all P<0.05). At 3mo after operation, there was no significant difference in subjective visual quality scores among the three groups(P<0.05). Light interference in the micro single vision group was higher than that of the other two groups at 1mo after operation(P<0.05), and it decreased in the three groups at 3mo after operation, with no statistical significance(P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The three IOL implantation schemes can provide excellent visual quality for patients with high myopia and cataract. The vision of the micro single vision group and the hybrid group is better in the span of -1.00~-1.25D, and the hybrid group performs the best near vision in the span of -3.00~-3.50D. Although the design of micro single vision can make up for the weakness of Symfony IOL's lack of near vision, it is still worse than the hybrid group and the trifocal group.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 843-849, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the RHD genotype of a blood donor with Del phenotype in Yunnan.@*METHODS@#Rh serological phenotype was identified. RHD gene was detected by PCR-SSP typing, and its 10 exons were sequenced. Exon 9 was amplified for sequencing and analysis. RHD zygosity was detected.@*RESULTS@#The Rh phenotype of this specimen was CcDelee. Genomic DNA exhibited a 1 003 bp deletion spanning from intron 8, across exon 9 into intron 9. The deletion breakpoints occurred between two 7-bp short tandem repeat sequences. There was no variation in the sequences of the remaining exons. The Rh hybridization box test showed that there was one RHD negative allele.@*CONCLUSION@#This specimen is Del type caused by deletion of RHD exon 9.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Donors , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics , China , Phenotype , Exons , Genotype , Alleles
10.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 252-258, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005012

ABSTRACT

  Objective  To study the demographic and clinical characteristics, correlation of genotype and phenotype and treatment of Blau syndrome to facilitate early diagnosis and timely treatment of Blau syndrome.  Methods  Seventy-two patients with Blau syndrome from 11 centers from May 2006 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, and their general information, clinical data, laboratory examination and treatment medication were collected.  Results  The distribution of patients with Blau syndrome was uniform in geographical north and south of China, and there was no obvious gender bias. The mean age of onset was (14.30±12.81) months, and the age of diagnosis was (55.18±36.22) months. 35% of patients with Blau syndrome happened before 1 year old, and all patients developed before 5 years old. 87.50% (63/72) had granulomatous arthritis, 65.28% (47/72) had rash, 36.11% (26/72) had ocular involvement, 27.78% (20/72) had fever, and 15.28% (11/72) had pulmonary involvement. Arthritic manifestations of Blau syndrome were most at risk, followed by rash, ocular involvement, and fever.The first 25 months of the disease, the risk of developing a rash was the greatest. The risk of developing arthritis was the greatest between 25 months and 84 months. The main mutations were p.R334Q and p.R334W, and patients with p.R334Q mutation had relatively high incidence of fever (35.71%[5/14] vs. 14.29%[1/7], P=0.43) and ocular involvement (42.86%[6/14]vs. 28.57%[2/7], P=0.51). There was a relatively high incidence of rash (85.71%[6/7] vs. 64.29%[9/14], P=0.59) in patients with the p.R334W mutation. Forty-five patients(62.50%)were treated with a combina-tion of glucocorticoid and methotrexate. Twenty-two patients were treated with tumor necrosis factor antagonist in addition to glucocorticoid and methotrexate.  Conclusions  The risk of different clinical manifestations of Blau syndrome from high to low was arthritis, followed by rash, ocular involvement and fever. The main treatment was glucocorticoid combined with methotrexate, to which biological agents could be added.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 965-969, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957553

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/Bcl-2/E1B 19-kDa interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) signaling pathway in dexmedetomidine-induced reduction of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced brain injury in mice.Methods:Sixty clean-grade healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighting 20-30 g, were divided into 5 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), myocardial I/R group (IR group), myocardial I/R plus dexmedetomidine group (IRD group), myocardial I/R plus HIF-1α inhibitor 2ME2 group (IR-M group), and myocardial I/R plus dexmedetomidine plus HIF-1α inhibitor 2ME2 group (IRD-M group). The myocardial I/R-induced brain injury was produced by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 2 h of reperfusion in anesthetized mice.Dexmedetomidine 50 μg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 5 min before ischemia in IRD group and IRD-M group.In IR-M and IRD-M groups, 2ME2 15 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 5 min before ischemia.Blood samples were collected from the thoracic aorta at 2 h of reperfusion to measure the serum S-100β protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) concentrations.The animals were then sacrificed, brains were removed and hippocampi were obtained for determination of the apoptosis index (by TUNEL method) and expression of HIF-1α, BNIP3, Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and phosphorylated Tau protein (p-Tau) (by Western blot) and for microscopic examination of the pathological changes in hippocampal CA1 region.LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ ratio was calculated. Results:Compared with group S, the concentrations of serum S-100β protein and NSE and apoptosis index of hippocampal neurons were significantly increased, the expression of HIF-1α, BNIP3, Beclin-1 and p-Tau was up-regulated, LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ ratio was increased ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes in hippocampal CA1 region were aggravated in group IR.Compared with group IR, the concentrations of serum S-100β protein and NSE and apoptosis index of hippocampal neurons were significantly decreased, the expression of HIF-1α, BNIP3 and Beclin-1 was up-regulated, the expression of p-Tau was down-regulated, and LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ ratio was increased ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes in hippocampal CA1 region were significantly attenuated in group IRD.Compared with group IRD, the concentrations of serum S-100β protein and NSE and apoptosis index of hippocampal neurons were significantly increased, the expression of p-Tau was up-regulated, the expression of HIF-1α, BNIP3 and Beclin-1 was down-regulated, LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ ratio was decreased ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes in hippocampal CA1 region were aggravated in IR-M and IRD-M groups. Conclusions:HIF-1α/BNIP3 signaling pathway is involved in dexmedetomidine-induced reduction of myocardial I/R-induced brain injury in mice.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 523-530, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of unilateral and bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of type IIIA acute symptomatic osteoporotic lumbar fracture (ASOLF).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 117 patients with type IIIA ASOLF admitted to Honghui Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from April 2016 to February 2018, including 32 males and 85 females, aged 60 to 88 years [(68.3±5.7)years]. Injury segments were located at L 1 in 35 patients, at L 2 in 38, at L 3 in 26 and at L 4 in 18. All patients were treated with PKP. A total of 61 patients were treated using the midpoint of the transverse process-articular process displacement as the puncture point (unilateral puncture group) and 56 patients were treated using the traditional "2" point and "10" point as the puncture point (bilateral puncture group). The operation time, amount of radiation exposure of patients and surgeons and bone cement injection volume were compared between the two groups. The Cobb angle, height of anterior edge of injured vertebrae, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were compared before operation, at day 1 after operation and at the final follow-up. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were observed. Results:All patients were followed up for 24-35 months [(26.3±4.7)months]. The operation time and amount of radiation exposure of patients were (20.4±5.6)minutes and (1.08±0.44)mSv in unilateral puncture group, significantly different from (37.5±9.2)minutes and (2.24±0.58)mSv in bilateral puncture group (all P<0.01). There were no significant differences in amount of radiation exposure of surgeons and bone cement injection volume between the two groups (all P>0.05). In unilateral puncture group and bilateral puncture group, the Cobb angle of fractured vertebrae at day 1 after operation [(22.4±10.7)°, (23.4±11.1)°] and at the final follow-up [(24.3±8.3)°, (23.5±9.5)°] was significantly decreased from that before operation [(29.6±9.7)°, (30.6±12.9)°] (all P<0.01); the height of anterior edge of injured vertebrae at day 1 after operation [(80.4±12.6)%, (78.8±11.9)%] and at the final follow-up [(79.3±10.7)%, (77.4±11.2)%] was significantly increased from that before operation [(65.7±6.3)%, (66.4±9.7)%] (all P<0.01); the VAS at day 1 after operation [(2.1±0.5)points, (2.3±1.1)points] and at the final follow-up [(1.9±0.8)points, (2.0±0.6)points] was significantly decreased from that before operation [(7.1±0.7)points, (7.2±0.9)points] (all P<0.01); the ODI at day 1 after operation (21.1±9.7, 22.9±7.9) and at the final follow-up (18.5±4.6, 19.8±9.4) was significantly decreased from that before operation (72.7±4.5, 73.1±3.7) (all P<0.01). While the above four parameters between the two groups had no significant differences at each time point, with no significant differences within each group at day 1 after operation and at the final follow-up (all P>0.05). There were 13 patients [21% (13/61)] with cement leakage in unilateral puncture group as compared to 18 patients [29% (18/56)] in bilateral puncture group ( P<0.05). There were 4 patients [7% (4/61)] with adjacent vertebral fracture in unilateral puncture group, similar to 5 patients [9% (5/56)] in bilateral puncture group ( P>0.05). The lower back pain caused by facet injury were noted in 8 patients [14% (8/56)] in bilateral puncture group who were relieved after 1 month of non-surgical treatment, but none occurred in unilateral puncture group ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Unilateral and bilateral PKP can obtain satisfactory clinical efficacy in the treatment of type IIIA ASOLF, but the former has advantages of shorter operation time, less radiation exposure and lower incidence of bone cement leakage and facet injury.

13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 677-691, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929119

ABSTRACT

Since the establishment of the biomarker-based A-T-N (Amyloid/Tau/Neurodegeneration) framework in Alzheimer's disease (AD), the diagnosis of AD has become more precise, and cerebrospinal fluid tests and positron emission tomography examinations based on this framework have become widely accepted. However, the A-T-N framework does not encompass the whole spectrum of AD pathologies, and problems with invasiveness and high cost limit the application of the above diagnostic methods aimed at the central nervous system. Therefore, we suggest the addition of an "X" to the A-T-N framework and a focus on peripheral biomarkers in the diagnosis of AD. In this review, we retrospectively describe the recent progress in biomarkers based on the A-T-N-X framework, analyze the problems, and present our perspectives on the diagnosis of AD.

14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 290-302, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929083

ABSTRACT

Deficits in the clearance of amyloid β protein (Aβ) by the peripheral system play a critical role in the pathogenesis of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Impaired uptake of Aβ by dysfunctional monocytes is deemed to be one of the major mechanisms underlying deficient peripheral Aβ clearance in AD. In the current study, flow cytometry and biochemical and behavioral techniques were applied to investigate the effects of polysaccharide krestin (PSK) on AD-related pathology in vitro and in vivo. We found that PSK, widely used in therapy for various cancers, has the potential to enhance Aβ uptake and intracellular processing by human monocytes in vitro. After administration of PSK by intraperitoneal injection, APP/PS1 mice performed better in behavioral tests, along with reduced Aβ deposition, neuroinflammation, neuronal loss, and tau hyperphosphorylation. These results suggest that PSK holds promise as a preventive agent for AD by strengthening the Aβ clearance by blood monocytes and alleviating AD-like pathology.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alzheimer Disease/pathology , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/metabolism , Cognition , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Transgenic , Monocytes/pathology , Polysaccharides/therapeutic use , Proteoglycans
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 392-398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922919

ABSTRACT

Numerous in vitro studies have shown that most pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are hepatotoxic after being metabolically activated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4. However, the key role of CYP3A4 has not been confirmed in vivo. Therefore, the CYP3A4 chemical inhibitor ritonavir was employed in this work and the effect of ritonavir on Gynura japonica-induced liver injury in rats was investigated. All experiments were approved by the Animal Research Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Animal welfare and the animal experimental protocols were strictly consistent with related ethics regulations of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Acute liver injury was induced by a single gavage of Gynura japonica extracts (GJE, 8 g·kg-1); rats in the protection group were gavaged with ritonavir (RIT, 30 mg·kg-1) 1 h before GJE treatment. The results show that RIT could significantly attenuate GJE-induced liver injury in rats. Rats in the protection group showed decreased serum activities for alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, as well as lower total bile acids. In addition, the infiltration of inflammatory cells, sinusoidal hemorrhage, and hepatic necrosis in GJE-treated rats were markedly attenuated in the protection group. The content of pyrrole-protein adducts (PPAs), a recommended biomarker for PA-induced hepatotoxicity in clinics, was determined at 10 min to 24 h after GJE treatment. The content of 13 bile acids was also quantified. RIT treatment reduced the content of PPAs in serum dramatically and restored the impaired bile acid homeostasis caused by GJE. These studies indicate that RIT attenuated Gynura japonica-induced liver injury in rats, which was closely related to the inhibition of the metabolic activation of PAs and the regulation of bile acid metabolism. These results provide a better understanding of the relationship between CYP3A4 and PA-induced toxicity. This work will also be helpful in developing effective treatments for PA-induced liver injury and making a reasonable evaluation of the safety of drugs containing PAs in clinic.

16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 448-452, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935306

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the causes of a foodborne outbreak in rural areas of Xinjiang between April 2 and April 5 in 2016. Methods: Cases and the relevant background information were obtained by consulting outpatient records of local health centers and regional people's hospitals and interviewing doctors and residents. All samples were collected by the laboratory test through epidemiological and food hygiene investigations. The χ2 test (Fisher's exact probability method) was used to compare differences in incidence rates. Molecular typing, virulence genes and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPS) were analyzed by using Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) and Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS). Results: A total of 142 cases were found in this study, with incidence rate at 5.7‰ (142/24 979). Among all cases, the main symptoms were nausea (94%), vomiting (92%) and abdominal pain (67%), and the incubation period was about 2 h (1-7.5 h). There were 16 Staphylococcus aureus isolates identified and all of them could produce A+C+E mixed enterotoxin. PFGE showed 100% homology. WGS further revealed that there were 9 and 1 strains contained by Sequence Type 1 (ST1) and ST5405, respectively. All ST1 strains were in the same clade on the genome tree. Among these, 7 strains shared close proximity (74 SNPs) and 2 strains shared close relationships as well (127 SNPs). The S. aureus isolates that caused the outbreak were introduced by a mutant isolate from the milk supply station. Conclusions: This foodborne outbreak was mainly caused by Staphylococcus aureus contamination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Outbreaks , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Foodborne Diseases/epidemiology , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 249-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935136

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional changes of key gut microbiota (GM) that produce lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients and to explore their potential role in the pathogenesis of AF. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Patients with AF admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University were enrolled from March 2016 to December 2018. Subjects with matched genetic backgrounds undergoing physical examination during the same period were selected as controls. Clinical baseline data and fecal samples were collected. Bacterial DNA was extracted and metagenomic sequencing was performed by using Illumina Novaseq. Based on metagenomic data, the relative abundances of KEGG Orthology (KO), enzymatic genes and species that harbored enzymatic genes were acquired. The key features were selected via the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis. The role of GM-derived LPS biosynthetic feature in the development of AF was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) and logistic regression analysis. Results: Fifty nonvalvular AF patients (mean age: 66.0 (57.0, 71.3), 32 males(64%)) were enrolled as AF group. Fifty individuals (mean age 55.0 (50.5, 57.5), 41 males(82%)) were recruited as controls. Compared with the controls, AF patients showed a marked difference in the GM genes underlying LPS-biosynthesis, including 20 potential LPS-synthesis KO, 7 LPS-biosynthesis enzymatic genes and 89 species that were assigned as taxa harbored nine LPS-enzymatic genes. LASSO regression analysis showed that 5 KO, 3 enzymatic genes and 9 species could be selected to construct the KO, enzyme and species scoring system. Genes enriched in AF group included 2 KO (K02851 and K00972), 3 enzymatic genes (LpxH, LpxC and LpxK) and 7 species (Intestinibacter bartlettii、Ruminococcus sp. JC304、Coprococcus catus、uncultured Eubacterium sp.、Eubacterium sp. CAG:251、Anaerostipes hadrus、Dorea longicatena). ROC curve analysis revealed the predictive capacity of differential GM-derived LPS signatures to distinguish AF patients in terms of above KO, enzymatic and species scores: area under curve (AUC)=0.957, 95%CI: 0.918-0.995, AUC=0.940, 95%CI 0.889-0.991, AUC=0.972, 95%CI 0.948-0.997. PLS-SEM showed that changes in lipopolysaccharide-producing bacteria could be involved in the pathogenesis of AF. The key KO mediated 35.17% of the total effect of key bacteria on AF. After incorporating the clinical factors of AF, the KO score was positively associated with the significantly increased risk of AF (OR<0.001, 95%CI:<0.001-0.021, P<0.001). Conclusion: Microbes involved in LPS synthesis are enriched in the gut of AF patients, accompanied with up-regulated LPS synthesis function by encoding the LPS-enzymatic biosynthesis gene.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lipopolysaccharides , Prospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 215-218, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the critical value of different blood group antibody titration in ABO blood group incompatible kidney transplant(ABOi-KT)recipients by tube and gel methods to provide rationales for selecting the threshold value of antibody titration before ABOi-KT.Methods:From January 2019 to April 2021, 681 blood group antibody titrations were performed for 214 ABOi-KT recipients.There were type A( n=135), type B( n=168)and type O( n=378). The difference, correlation and consistency of two methods were statistically analyzed. Results:Tube method was 2 gradients lower than gel method(4-fold dilution)and the results were significantly different( P<0.000 1). Spearman's test indicated that the results of two methods were significantly correlated( P<0.000 1). The results of intraclass correlation coefficient showed that the consistency of two methods was general for type A recipients(ICC=0.640), decent for type B recipients(ICC=0.751)and poor for type O recipients(ICC<0.4). When the critical value of tube method was set, titration of type A anti-B was 16, titration of type B anti-A 8 and titration of type O anti-A/B 8.And the corresponding critical values of gel was type A anti-B 32, type B anti-A 16 and type O anti-A/B 16. Conclusions:The results of ABO blood group IgM antibody titration by gel and tube methods are correlative.And gel method is recommended for more stable and reproducible results.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-100, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932212

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) is mostly noted in the elderly with many comorbidities and most of them are treated by non-surgical treatments such as analgesia, antiosteoporosis or rehabilitation and by minimally invasive vertebroplasty. However, when there is instability, neurological dysfunction or severe kyphosis, open surgery is still necessary. The authors discuss the relevant issues in the indications, surgical approaches, results and complications of open surgery for OVF so as to provide a reference for better clinical treatment.

20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 596-603, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943041

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of visceral fat area (VFA) on the surgical efficacy and early postoperative complications of radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was used. Clinicopathological data and preoperative imaging data of 195 patients who underwent D2 radical gastric cancer surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2014 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Inclusion criteria: (1) complete clinicopathological and imaging data; (2) malignant gastric tumor diagnosed by preoperative pathology, and gastric cancer confirmed by postoperative pathology; (3) no preoperative complications such as bleeding, obstruction or perforation, and no distant metastasis. Those who had a history of abdominal surgery, concurrent malignant tumors, poor basic conditions, emergency surgery, palliative resection, and preoperative neoadjuvant therapy were excluded. The VFA was calculated by software and VFA ≥ 100 cm2 was defined as visceral obesity according to the Japan Obesity Association criteria . The patients were divided into high VFA (VFA-H, VFA≥100 cm2, n=96) group and low VFA (VFA-L, VFA<100 cm2, n=99) group . The clinicopathological characteristics, surgical outcomes and early postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of early complications. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze predictive values of VFA for early complications. Pearson's χ2 test was used to analyze the correlation between BMI and VFA. Results: There were no significant differences in terms of gender, age, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification, preoperative comorbidities, preoperative anemia, tumor TNM staging, N staging, T staging and tumor differentiation, surgical method, extent of resection, and tumor location between the VFA-L group and the VFA-H group (all P>0.05). However, patients in the VFA-H group had higher BMI, larger tumor, lower rate of hypoalbuminemia and greater subcutaneous fat area (SFA) (all P<0.05). The VFA-H group presented significantly longer operation time and significantly less number of harvested lymph nodes as compared to the VFA-L group (both P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss, conversion to laparotomy and postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). Complications of Clavien-Dindo grade II and above within 30 days after operation were mainly anastomosis-related complications (leakage, bleeding, infection and stricture), intestinal obstruction and incision infection. The VFA-H group had a higher morbidity of early complications compared to the VFA-L group [24.0% (23/96) vs 10.1% (10/99), χ2=6.657, P=0.010], and the rates of anastomotic complications and incision infection were also higher in the VFA group [10.4% (10/96) vs. 3.0% (3/99), χ2=4.274, P=0.039; 7.3% (7/96) vs. 1.0% (1/99), P=0.033]. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that high BMI (OR=3.688, 95%CI: 1.685-8.072, P=0.001) and high VFA (OR=2.526, 95%CI: 1.148-5.559,P=0.021) were independent risk factors for early complications. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of VFA for predicting early complications was 0.645, which was higher than that of body weight (0.591), BMI (0.624) and SFA (0.626). Correlation analysis indicated that there was a significantly positive correlation between BMI and VFA (r=0.640, P<0.001). Conclusion: VFA ≥ 100 cm2 is an independent risk factor for early complications after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.It can better predict the occurrence of above early postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Lipids , Obesity/surgery , Obesity, Abdominal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
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