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1.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1220-1228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infected with Delta variant, so as to provide further references for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A real-world study was conducted to analyze the characteristics of 166 COVID-19 patients infected with Delta variant at Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University.Results:The study enrolled 5 asymptomatic cases, 123 non-severe cases (mild and moderate type), and 38 severe cases (severe and critical type). Among these patients, 69 (41.6%) were male and 97 (58.4%) were female, with a mean age of 47.0±23.5 years. Thirty-nine cases (23.5%) had received 1 or 2 doses of inactivated vaccine. The incidence of severe COVID-19 cases was 7.7% in 2-doses vaccinated patients, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients. The proportion of severe cases in 2 dose-vaccinated patients was 7.7%, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose vaccinated patients and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients, but the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). The most common clinical symptom was fever (134 cases, 83.2%), and 39.1% of cases presented with high-grade fever (≥39 °C); other symptoms were cough, sputum, fatigue, and xerostomia. The proportion of fever in severe cases was significantly higher than that of non-severe cases (97.4% vs. 76.4%, P<0.01). Similarly, the proportion of severe cases with high peak temperature (≥39 ℃) () was also higher than that of non-severe cases (65.8% vs. 30.9%, P<0.01). The median minimal Cycle threshold (Ct) values of viral nucleic acid N gene and ORFlab gene were 20.3 and 21.5, respectively, and the minimum Ct values were 11.9 and 13.5, respectively. Within 48 h of admission, 9.0% of cases presented with decreased white blood cell counts, and 52.4% with decreased lymphocyte counts. The proportions of increased C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, interleukin 6, and interleukin 10 were 32.5%, 57.4%, 65.3%, and 35.7%, respectively. The proportions of elevated C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A and interleukin-6 in severe cases were significantly higher than those in non-severe cases ( P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that older age and higher peak temperature were associated with a higher likelihood of severe cases ( OR>3, 95% CI: 2-7, P<0.01). In terms of treatment, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was used in 97.6% of non-severe cases and 100% in severe cases. Other treatments included respiratory and nutritional support, immunotherapy (such as neutralizing antibodies and plasma of recovered patients). The median times from admission to progression to severe cases, of fever clearance, and of nucleic acid conversion were 5 days, 6 days and 19 days, respectively. No deaths were reported within 28 days. Conclusions:The symptoms of Delta variant infection in Guangzhou are characterized by a high proportion of fever, high peak temperature, long duration of fever, high viral load, a long time to nucleic acid conversion, and a high incidence of severe cases. The severe cases exhibit a higher percentage of elderly patients, a longer duration of fever and have a higher fever rate and a higher hyperthermia rate than non-severe cases. Age and hyperthermia are independent risk factors for progression to severe disease. The combination of TCM and Western medicine can control the progression of the disease effectively.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1353-1357, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660426

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ration (NLR) can predict the infection complications and predict the short-term survival rate of patients with cirrhosis.Methods Data of 208 patients with liver cirrhosis from March 2013 to March 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.The effects of CRP concentration,NLR and other clinical factors on the infection and one-month survival rate of patients with liver cirrhosis were analyzed.Results Sixty-five patients with dominant infection during hospitalization were used as the infected group,while the other 143 patients were selected as uninfected group.The levels of CRP and NLR in the infected group were significantly higher than those in the uninfected group (CRP:t =16.216,P =0.003;NLR:t =7.211,P =0.025).The results of univariate analysis showed that age,female,non-alcoholic cirrhosis,systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS),high level of CRP,and high NLR value were important risk factors of infection in cirrhotic patients.In multivariate analysis,female,high level of CRP,and high NLR value were the independent predictor of infection in patients with cirrhosis.Univariate analysis showed that NLR,model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score,and WBC count were important predictors of 1-month survival.Multivariate analysis showed that high NLR was an independent predictor of one-month survival in Child Pugh C patients.Conclusions CRP level and NLR value may be an effective diagnostic marker in patients with liver cirrhosis.The high NLR value in patients with Child-Pugh C is an independent risk factor for poor short survival.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1353-1357, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662617

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ration (NLR) can predict the infection complications and predict the short-term survival rate of patients with cirrhosis.Methods Data of 208 patients with liver cirrhosis from March 2013 to March 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.The effects of CRP concentration,NLR and other clinical factors on the infection and one-month survival rate of patients with liver cirrhosis were analyzed.Results Sixty-five patients with dominant infection during hospitalization were used as the infected group,while the other 143 patients were selected as uninfected group.The levels of CRP and NLR in the infected group were significantly higher than those in the uninfected group (CRP:t =16.216,P =0.003;NLR:t =7.211,P =0.025).The results of univariate analysis showed that age,female,non-alcoholic cirrhosis,systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS),high level of CRP,and high NLR value were important risk factors of infection in cirrhotic patients.In multivariate analysis,female,high level of CRP,and high NLR value were the independent predictor of infection in patients with cirrhosis.Univariate analysis showed that NLR,model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score,and WBC count were important predictors of 1-month survival.Multivariate analysis showed that high NLR was an independent predictor of one-month survival in Child Pugh C patients.Conclusions CRP level and NLR value may be an effective diagnostic marker in patients with liver cirrhosis.The high NLR value in patients with Child-Pugh C is an independent risk factor for poor short survival.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 406-411, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670005

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) compared with In?tra-arterial Thrombolysis (IAT) treatment in patients with severe acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by large cerebral ar?tery occlusion. Method The patients with AIS caused by large cerebral artery occlusion and underwent MT or IAT from 2005 May to 2014 May was included. A retrospective analysis was conducted on the onset to emergency(OTE)time, emergency to acupuncture(ETA)time, acupuncture to recanalization (ATR) time, stroke severity as measured by the Na?tional Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, and site of arterial occlusion on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). A comparison was made between MT and IAT patients in rates of recanalization, symptomatic intracranial bleed?ing (SIB), mortality, and functional outcome. Three-month favourable outcome was defined as a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score≤2. Result One hundred and two AIS patients were treated with MT and 50 with IAT. There was no differ?ence between MT and IAT groups with regard to demographics, onset NIHSS score (13.37±6.95 vs. 12.70±6.11;P=0.572) and discharge NIHSS score (8.40 ± 6.69 vs. 7.53 ± 7.28, P= 0.522) and the change of NIHSS score (3.87 ± 7.14 vs. 4.26 ± 5.42, P=0.766). There were significantly differences between MT and IAT groups in the OTE time (Median 300 min vs. 120 min,Z=-5.704,P=0.000) , ATR time (Median 30 min vs. 65 min,Z=-5.011,P=0.001) ,recanalization (91.2%vs. 60.0%,P =0.01),the rate of AIB(21.7% vs. 36.0%,P =0.046),3-month mortality (16.6% vs. 26.0%,P =0.043). The above parameters were better in MT group than in the IAT group. There were no significant differences between MT and IAT groups in the rate of SIB (12% vs. 16%,P =0.055), the NIHSS change(Median 3 vs. 4,Z =-0.236,P =0.823) and mRS score on 90d ( 48.2%vs. 46.0%, P=0.823). MT patients had significantly higher percentages of stent use (22.5%vs. 8%,P=0.018) . The Recanalization for ICA(81.8%vs. 55.6%,P=0.048),BA(93.1%vs. 55.6%,P=0.032)and MCA( 97.5% vs. 60.0%,P =0.026)was higher in MT group than in IAT group .The SIB rate for ICA(13.8% vs. 33.3%,P =0.000),BA(13.8%vs. 33.3%,P=0.000)was lower in MT group than in IAT group . The mortality rate of was significant?ly lower in MT than in IAT group for MCA (2.5%vs. 20.0%,P=0.000) . the good outcome rate for BA was higher in MT group than in IAT group(41.3%vs. 22.2%,P﹤0.01). Conclusions Compared to IAT,MT can provide broader time win?dow,higher recanalization rate and better outcome in patients with severe acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by large ce?rebral artery occlusion.

5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 32-36, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462772

ABSTRACT

Objective Nowadays ,in the field of stem cell transplantation ,improving the bone mesenchymal stem cells′ability to be implanted into target organs is still a hot topic .Objective of this study is to observe the effects of Naomaiyihao ( NMYH) capsule, a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine invented for regulating thesea of blood in brain,and survival rate of BMSCs trans-plantaion in cerebral ischemic tissue of rat . Methods 60 rats were randomly divied into 4 group:untreated group ( serum-free L-DMEM +isotonic saline ) , BMSCs transplantation group ( cell suspension+isotonic saline ) , NMYH group ( serum-free L-DMEM+NMYH) and Combination of NMYH and BMSCs group ( cell suspen-sion+NMYH ) .A rat of model of middle cerebral artery occlusion ( MCAO) was established .The third generation BMSCs were isolated and cultured from bone marrow by the holo-bone marrow adherence , the CM-Dil labeled BMSCs were transplanted into corpora striata with stereotactic technique , the rat′s brains were removed and sliced up after 7-,14-and 21-day′transplantation .Then the survival and distribution of cells were observed under the fluorescence microscope . The expression of CD34 in the brain tissue were tested by immunohistochemical method . Results The fluorescence absorbance of combination group was 1.61 ±0.25 on day 14, increased significantly (P<0.05).when compared with BMSCs group (1.23 ±0.17). The fluorescence absorbence of combination group was 0.36 ±0.09 on day 21, increased significantly (P<0.05) when compared with BMSCs group(0.23 ±0.09).Compared with the model group ,numbers of CD34 positive cells on day 7,14 and 21 significantly in-creased in all treated groups(P<0.01).Numbers of CD34 positive cells were significantly more increased(P<0.05) in combination group than those in BMSCs group . Conclusion Survival,distribution and migration trending to boundary regions of ischemia were observed under the fluorescence microscope after transplantation .Naomaoyihao can increase blood supply around the transplanted cell region,and decrease infarct volume .Therefore it could promote BMSCs to better survive in the brain tissue .

6.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 101-104, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432592

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter C2(ABCG2) in adriamycin(ADM)-resistant human esophageal cancer cells.Methods The ADM-resistant human esophageal cancer cell(Eca109/ADM) was induced by gradually increasing the ADM concentration in the culture medium of human esophageal cancer cell line(Eca109) and long time screening culture.ABCG2 mRNA and protein of ADM-resistant cells was detected by RT-PCR,flow cytometry(FCM) and Western blot.Drug excretion of Eca109/ADM cells was examined by FCM.The drug resistance index to ADM was detected by MTT.Results The expression of ABCG2 in Eca109/ADM cells was higher than that in Eca109 cells.The drug excretion of Eca109/ADM cells was stronger than Eca109 cells.The Ecal09/ADM cells drug resistance index to ADM was 3.29.Conclusion The ADM-resistant cell line Eca109/ADM was established successfully as an ideal chemoresistant cell model.ABCG2 might be involved in the drug resistance of esophageal cancer cell.

7.
Virologica Sinica ; (6): 52-58, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404189

ABSTRACT

Previous study on TNFRl-mediated hepatocyte apoptosis has been implicated in the development of fulminant viral hepatitis.To interfere with the potentially effective target,plasmid named p-mTNFR1shRNA complimentary to the sequence responsible for mTNFR1 was also constructed and further confirmed by sequence analysis.To investigate the effect of mTNFR1shRNA plasmid on mTNFR1 expression in vivo and the disease progress in MHV-3 induced fulminant hepatitis mice model.By hydrodynamic injection of mTNFRlshRNA plasmid,the survival rate of mice,hepatic pathological change were examined and compared between mice with/without mTNFR1 shRNA plasmid intervention.The expression of mTNFR1 was detected by Real-time PCR,immunohistochemistry staining.The mTNFR1 shRNA plasmid significantly reduced mTNFR1 expression in vivo,markedly ameliorates inflammatory infiltration,prolonged the survival time period and elevated the survival rate from 0 up to 13.3% in Balb/cJ mice with MHV-3 induced fulminant hepatitis.This study was designed to explore the opportunity of RNA interference technique in inhibiting TNFR1 expression,which has been reported to be involved in the development of a variety of diseases including fulminant viral hepatitis and severe chronic hepatitis B.

8.
Acta Medicinae Universitatis Scientiae et Technologiae Huazhong ; (6): 50-54, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404074

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the eukaryotic expression plasmids of human Fas and TNFR1 gene(pcDNA3.0-hFas and pcDNA3.0-hTNFR1)and microRNA(miRNA)expression plasmid of hFas and hTNFR1 named p-hFasmiRNA and p-hTNFR1miRNA,and to investigate their inhibitory effects in vitro.Methods The eukaryotic expression plasmids of human Fas and TNFR1 gene were constructed(pcDNA3.0-hFas and pcDNA3.0-hTNFR1)and have been shown successfully to express hFas and hTNFR1 protein.miRNA expression plasmids of hFas and hTNFR1 named p-hFasmiRNA and p-hTNFR1miRNA complimentary to the sequence responsible for hFas and hTNFR1 respective were constructed,meanwhile irrelevant miRNA plasmid was used as a control.By respective co-transfection of p-hFasmiRNA and pcDNA3.0-hFas,p-hTNFR1 miRNA and pcDNA3.0-hTNFR1 expression construct into 293T cells,the inhibition of hFas and hTNFR1 expression was analyzed by real-time PCR and Western blot.Results The experiments showed the significant inhibitory effect of p-hFasmiRNA on hFas and p-hTNFR1miRNA on hTNFR1 expression at 48 h post-transfection both at RNA level and protein level as well in 293T cell lines with the inhibitory efficiency being as high as 87% for hFas and 80% for hTNFR1,respectively.Conclusion The p-hFasmiRNA and p-hTNFR1miRNA were constructed successfully,and it was verified that they could specifically inhibit the hFas and hTNFR1 expression at the cellular level.

9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 334-41, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450209

ABSTRACT

To explore the dynamic state of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes in acute ischemic stroke patients within 30 days of onset when treated with acupuncture, and to analyze the discrimination effects of the functions based on "decision trees" in identification of TCM syndromes of ischemic stroke.

10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 763-8, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449158

ABSTRACT

To observe whether Naomai Yihao (NM) Capsule, a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine for regulating the "sea of blood in brain", and bone marrow stromal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation could improve angiogenesis in focal cerebral ischemia in rats.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597392

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and possible mechanisms of high mobility group box (HMGB) 1 on the proliferation of RSC-364 synoviocytes. Methods ① RSC-364 cells stimulated by 10 μg/L TNF-α and cells of the normal control groups were collected at 6, 12, 24 h respectively in vitro. HMGB1mRNA and protein was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunocytochemistry (ICC); ②RSC-364 cells induced by 10 μg/L HMGB1 were collected in 6, 12, 24 h respectively, so did normal control group cells in vitro. The expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) mRNA 1 was detected by RT-PCR. The expression of STATland SOCSI proteins were detected by ICC and flow cytometry analysis (FCM). The expression of PCNA was detected by ICC. Results ① Compared with the control group, TNF-α markedly up-regulated HMGBI mRNA at 6, 12, 24 h respectively [0.86, 0.92, 1.06 vs 0.70, P<0.01 ], as well as protein expression level. Positive signal of HMGB1 proteins was not only expressed in nuclear but also in cytoplasm after stimulation. ② Compared with normal group, HMGBI increased the expression of P-STAT1 mRNA and protein at 6, 12, 24 h respectively [0.30, 0.69, 1.05 vs 0.24, P<0.01 ] and [1.34±0.09,1.55±0.16,1.74±0.13 vs 1.00±0.15,P<0.01]. The expression of SOCSI protein increased significantly in HMGB1 group at 6 and 12 hours ( 1.43±0.10 vs 1.58±0.05), but it decreased at 24 hours (1.24±0.15). ③The expression of p-STATI protein was negatively correlated with that of SOCS1 protein. Conclusion HMGB1 appears to be an important mediator in the proliferation of RSC-364 cells, partly by up-regulating the expression and aetivity of p-STAT1.

12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 346-51, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449208

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the composition characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes in patients with acute ischemic stroke of yin or yang syndrome by investigating the characteristics of TCM syndromes at different periods after onset. METHODS: One thousand two hundred and forty-six patients with acute ischemic stroke were admitted in twenty hospitals. According to the "diagnostic criteria of syndrome differentiation of stroke", the characteristics of syndromes in the patients were investigated at the periods of 1-3 days, 4-10 days and 11-30 days after they had ischemic stroke. General distribution of six basic syndromes was compared between the patients with yin syndrome and the patients with yang syndrome at the three periods. The six basic syndromes were wind syndrome, pathogenic fire syndrome, phlegm syndrome, blood stasis syndrome, qi deficiency syndrome, and syndrome of yin deficiency and yang hyperactivity. RESULTS: The percentages of wind, pathogenic fire, and phlegm syndromes in the patients were decreased at the period of 11-30 days as compared with the period of 1-3 days (87.1% vs 79.3%, 52.1% vs 38.7% and 67.1% vs 57.4% respectively, P0.05). There were no differences in the distribution of yin and yang syndromes among the three periods (P>0.05). The percentages of syndromes of wind, pathogenic fire, phlegm, and yin deficiency and yang hyperactivity were higher (P<0.01), and the percentages of syndromes of blood stasis and qi deficiency were lower (P<0.05, P<0.01) in patients with yang syndrome than in patients with yin syndrome. The complex of three syndromes was the most frequent composition pattern in the patients at the three periods. The percentages of complex syndromes of four or five syndromes were higher, and the percentages of single-syndromes and complex syndromes of two syndromes were lower in patients with yang syndrome than in patients with yin syndrome (P<0.05, P<0.01). The most frequent complex syndromes in patients with yin syndrome were complex syndrome of wind, phlegm, blood stasis and qi deficiency, and complex syndrome of wind, phlegm and qi deficiency; while the most frequent complex syndromes in patients with yang syndrome were complex syndrome of wind, pathogenic fire, phlegm and qi deficiency, and complex syndrome of wind, pathogenic fire and phlegm. CONCLUSION: The main discrimination between the yin and yang syndromes is that the yang syndrome is characterized by pathogenic fire. The syndromes of phlegm, qi deficiency, and blood stasis are not associated with the diagnosis of yin or yang syndrome.

13.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 137-140, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401907

ABSTRACT

Recent animal experiments demonstrated that neurogenesis mad angiogenesis involxed in mechanisms of stroke recovery.Transplanted stem cells can improve the neurological function after stroke.Vascular endothelial growth factor can also improve the neurological function after stroke via enhenceing angiogenesis.This article reviews the advances in combined treatment of stem cells and vascular endothelial growth factor in ischemic brain injury.

14.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 276-81, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449547

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical evaluation system reflecting the superiority and characteristics of comprehensive traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy for acute stroke. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with single blind in various therapeutic centers was applied on the patients with the acute stage of hemorrhagic stroke due to hypertension, who were allocated to the trial group and the control group. The trial group accepted the general Western medicine therapy and differential treatment of traditional Chinese medicine based on stage classification. Patients in the control group were treated with the general Western medicine and the placebo of traditional Chinese herbal medicine. The treatment effect was assessed at the 7th day, 14th day, 21st day, and 28th day of post-treatment and after 3-month follow-up. The clinical evaluation system included the syndromes of TCM (ZH), Glasgow coma standard (GCS), nerve functional failure (NF), activity of daily living (ADL), Barther index (BI), quality of life index (QLI) and functional activities questionnaire (FAQ). RESULTS: Four hundred and four patients with acute stroke were included. There were 178 cases with yang-syndrome and 21 cases with yin-syndrome in the trial group (n=199), and there were 165 cases with yang-syndrome and 40 cases with yin-syndrome in the control group (n=205). The rates of recovery and obvious improvement after 3-month treatment in the trial group and the control group were 86.5% and 73.6% respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01). The response sensitivity of the effect items indicated that the sensitivity of GCS began to increase from the 7th day and was high at the 14th day and the 21st day for all patients. The response sensitivity of the NF scale was high for all patients at the 14th day, the 21st day and the 28th day. The BI scale and the QLI scale were sensitive to the patients with light and middle stage of stroke at the 21st day, and were sensitive to the patients with light stage of stroke after 3-month follow-up. The FAQ scale was sensitive to the light stroke at the 21st day and after 3-month follow-up. The ADL scale was sensitive to all patients at the 28th day and the patients with light stage of stroke after 3-month follow-up. The ZH scale was sensitive to all patients from 0 to 7d, the 14th day, and the 28th day. The principle components analysis indicated these 7 items could reflect the condition of stroke from 0-7d, the 21st day and after 3-month follow-up, and could be used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of hemorrhagic stroke. ZH scale and FAQ scale were more sensitive than other effect items at the 28th day. CONCLUSION: The seven items (GCSbNFbBIbQLIbFAQbADLbZH) have high sensibility to all patients in the acute stage of hemorrhage stroke especially at the 21st day. The ZH score will change in accord with the condition of stroke, and is appropriate to reflect the condition of stroke. It is believed that the seven items can form the system of effect evaluation in different stages of stroke, and the ZH scale is a very important item.

15.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591309

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and possible mechanism of arsenic trioxid(As2O3)on proliferation of RSC-364 synoviocyte lines stimulated with TNF-?.Methods RSC-364 synoviocytes were cultured with standard medium as control group or medium supplemented with 10 ?g/LTNF-? and different concentrations of As2O3 respectively. MTT assay were carried out to study cell proliferation. Proliferation index (PI) and cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry (FCM). RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of High mobility group box chromosomal protein (HMGB)1. HMGB-1 and proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) proteins were detected by immunocytochemistry and FCM. Results (1)As2O3 inhibited proliferation of cell lines stimulated by TNF-? time-dependently and dose-dependently. (2)Compared with normal group, TNF-? up-regulated HMGB-1 protein and mRNA as well as PCNA protein. HMGB-1 protein was not only in nuclear but also in cytoplasm by immunocy-tochemistry. As2O3 down-regulated mRNA and protein of HMGB-1 in a dose-dependent manner; so did PCNA proteins (P

16.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587059

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of selective COX-2 inhibitor nimesulide on growth inhibition,apoptosis and expression of COX-2 of human esophageal carcinoma Eca-109 cell line; and analyzed the correlation with the anti-oncogene,P277~(kip1). Methods MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation of Eca-109 cell. Apoptosis and cell cycle were determined by electronic microscopy and flow cytometry. The expression of COX-2 mRNA was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),the protein expression of COX-2 and P277~(kip1) were examined by Western blot analysis. Results Nimesulide significantly inhibited the proliferation of Eca-109 cell line in a time-and dose-depenent fashion; increased the proportion of cells in the G_0/G_1 phase and induced apoptosis of the cells in a dose-dependent(manner). Meanwhile,nimesulide can down-regulated the expression of COX-2 and up-regulated the expression of P277~(kip1) protein.Conclusion Nimesulide can inhibit the proliferation of Eca-109 cells,cause G_0/G_1 phase cell cycle arrest and induce apoptosis.The mechanism is probably explained with down-regulation of the expression of COX-2 and up-regulation of P277~(kip1) expression.

17.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-564655

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of EphA2 and its ligand EphrinA1 and their relationship with angiogenesis in gastric carcinoma. Methods Expressions of EphA2,EphrinA1 and CD34-stained microvessel density (MVD) were detected by immunohistochemical assay in gastric carcinoma tissues,adjacent tissues (1.5 to 2 cm from the mass) and normal gastric mucosa (5 to 10 cm from the mass) from 82 cases. The correlations among EphA2 and EphrinA1 expressions,MVD and clinic pathological features were analyzed. Results EphA2,EphrinA1 expressions and MVD in gastric carcinomas tissues were significantly higher than those in adjacent tissues and normal gastric tissues (P

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-557262

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effects of selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor,nimesulide,on COX-2 expression, cell proliferation and apoptosis of human esophageal carcinoma Eca-109 cell lines. Methods MTT assay was used to observe the proliferative effect;COX-2 mRNA expression was evaluated with RT-PCR; COX-2 protein expression,cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed with flow cytometry;microscope and agarose gel electrophoresis of DNA were also used to observe the apoptosis. Results Nimesulide significantly inhibited the proliferation of Eca-109 cell lines in a time and dose-depenent fashion, down-regulated the expression of COX-2 mRNA and COX-2 protein in a dose-dependent fashion;nimesulide also decreased the proliferation index and the proportion of cells in S phase, meanwhile increased the proportion of cells in G_0/G_1 phase and induced apoptosis. Conclusion COX-2 selective inhibitor nimesulide inhibits proliferation,induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of human esophageal cells via down-regulation of COX-2 expression.

19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 30-33, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354080

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the molecular events and mechanism in the carcinogenesis of esophageal epithelium in the high incidence area of esophageal carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Epithelial cells collected from the high incidence area of esophageal carcinoma were used to detect DNA content and ploidy by propidium iodide(PI) stain. The expressions of p53, p16 and cyclin D1 were stained by indirect immunofluorescence of fluorescein isothiocyanate(FTTC), which were detected by flow cytometry (FCM).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During the process of carcinogenesis, DNA content increased significantly. The diploid cells decreased while heteroploid cells increased sharply, with a heteroploidy rate of 84.2%. At the same time, the p53 protein accumulated and p16 was deleted. The positive rates of p53 and oncogene cyclin D1 were both 100%(5/5, 6/6) in the cancer group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the early carcinogenesis of esophageal epithelium, DNA content and heteroploidy rates increase with tumor suppressor gene p16 deletion and p53 protein accumulation while oncogene cyclin D1 is overexpressed. Multiple molecular events have already occurred when esophageal carcinoma develops.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Metabolism , DNA, Neoplasm , Metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression , Precancerous Conditions , Genetics , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
20.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568068

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method to isolate and cultivate rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs),and explore the feasibility of labeling in vitro,and tracing in vivo,BMSCs with chloromethyl-benzamidodialkylcarbocyanine (CM-Dil). Methods BMSCs were obtained and subsequently cultured with whole bone marrow cell culture system,and the third generation of BMSCs was harvested. The positive rates of CD34,CD44 and CD29 were detected by flow cytometry. CM-Dil was used to label BMSCs in vitro and the efficiency of labeling after 24 hours and at day 21 and 30 were examined under fluorescent microscope. Moreover,the growth curves were sketched to determine the negative effects of CM-Dil on the vitality and proliferation of BMSCs cultured in vitro. Rat model of focal cerebral ischemia was reproduced,CM-Dil labeled BMSCs were implanted into corpus striatum of rats' brain with computer-guided stereotaxis thereafter. Brain tissues were obtained to prepare frozen sections at 7th,14th and 21st day post-implantation,and the survival and distribution of labeled cells were observed with fluorescent microscopy. Results The third generation passage of cultured BMSCs grew orderly,with shape of desmocytes,and homogeneous in morphology. The positive rates of CD34,CD44 and CD29 expressions in BMSCs were 1.71%,80.32% and 84.89%,respectively. Red fluorescence was observed in CM-Dil labeled BMSCs in vivo 24 hours after labeling,with a positive rate of 100%. The fluorescence intensity of passage cultured BMSCs observed on day 21 was similar to that observed at 24 hours after labeling,but diminished on day 30. The growth,proliferation and morphology of BMSCs,were not influenced by CM-Dil labeling. On day 7,14 and 21 post-implantation,BMSCs decreased in quantity,appearing in oval or irregular shapes,and most of the cells were found around the needle tract,with a tendency of diffusion to peripheral area. Conclusion High purity of BMSCs may be obtained with whole bone marrow cell culture system from bone marrow of rats. CM-Dil labeling is easy to handle and effective,with no cytotoxicity to cells. The latest labeling period of CM-Dil is 21 days in vitro,therefore it seems to be an effective method for in vivo tracing of BMSCs in brain after implantation.

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