Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 25
Filter
1.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1-14, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Ozone is widely applied to treat allergic skin diseases such as eczema, atopic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis. However, the specific mechanism remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the effects of ozonated oil on treating 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and the underling mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Besides the blank control (Ctrl) group, all other mice were treated with DNCB to establish an ACD-like mouse model and were randomized into following groups: a model group, a basal oil group, an ozonated oil group, a FcεRI-overexpressed plasmid (FcεRI-OE) group, and a FcεRI empty plasmid (FcεRI-NC) group. The basal oil group and the ozonated oil group were treated with basal oil and ozonated oil, respectively. The FcεRI-OE group and the FcεRI-NC group were intradermally injected 25 µg FcεRI overexpression plasmid and 25 µg FcεRI empty plasmid when treating with ozonated oil, respectively. We recorded skin lesions daily and used reflectance confocal microscope (RCM) to evaluate thickness and inflammatory changes of skin lesions. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, real-time PCR, RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), and immunohistochemistry were performed to detct and analyze the skin lesions.@*RESULTS@#Ozonated oil significantly alleviated DNCB-induced ACD-like dermatitis and reduced the expressions of IFN-γ, IL-17A, IL-1β, TNF-α, and other related inflammatory factors (all P<0.05). RNA-seq analysis revealed that ozonated oil significantly inhibited the activation of the DNCB-induced FcεRI/Syk signaling pathway, confirmed by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry (all P<0.05). Compared with the ozonated oil group and the FcεRI-NC group, the mRNA expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-17A, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and other inflammatory genes in the FcεRI-OE group were significantly increased (all P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein expression levels of FcεRI and Syk were significantly elevated in the FcεRI-OE group as well (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ozonated oil significantly improves ACD-like dermatitis and alleviated DNCB-induced ACD-like dermatitis via inhibiting the FcεRI/Syk signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dinitrochlorobenzene/metabolism , Skin/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/pathology , Dermatitis, Atopic/chemically induced , Signal Transduction , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C
2.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 809-820, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982351

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Sepsis is a critical dysregulated host response with high mortality and current treatment is difficult to achieve optimal efficacy. Ozone therapy has been revealed to protect infection and inflammation-related diseases due to its role in antibiotic and immunoregulatory effect. Ozonated triglyceride is a key component of ozonated oil that is one of ozone therapy dosage form. However, the potential role of ozonated triglyceride in sepsis remains unclear. This study aims to explore the effect of ozonated triglyceride on septic mouse model and the molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#Intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) were applied to construct septic mouse model. The mouse serum was obtained for detection of cytokines, and lung tissues were collected for hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining to evaluate the extent of lung injury in septic mouse with ozonated triglyceride treatment at different time and doses. The survival of septic mice was observed for 96 h and Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to analyze the survival rates. In addition, primary peritoneal macrophages and human acute monocytic-leukemia cell line (THP-1) were treated with inflammasome activators with or without ozonated triglyceride. The level of cytokines was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The cleavage of caspase-1 and gasdermin-D (GSDMD) was detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Ozonated triglyceride at different time and doses reduced the release of inflammasome-related cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18] (all P<0.05) but not pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in septic mice (all P>0.05). Ozonated triglyceride significantly improved the survival rate of septic mice and reduced sepsis-induced lung injury (all P<0.05). Ozonated triglyceride significantly suppressed the canonical and non-canonical activation of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome (all P<0.05) but not affected absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) and NLR family CARD domain-containing protein 4 (NLRC4) inflammasomes in vitro (all P>0.05). Ozonated triglyceride reduced the cleavage of caspase-1 and the downstream GSDMD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ozonated triglyceride presents a protect effect on sepsis lethality via reducing cytokines release and sepsis-related organ injury. The mechanism is that ozonated triglyceride specifically suppresses the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. Ozonated triglyceride is a promising candidate for sepsis treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Caspase 1 , Cytokines , Disease Models, Animal , Inflammasomes , Lung Injury , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Ozone/therapeutic use , Sepsis/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1570-1575, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738188

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of a norovirus-borne outbreak caused by GⅡ.4 Sydney 2012 in a university of Guangzhou to provide evidence for the prevention and control strategy on norovirus-caused epidemics.Methods A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect clinical information from the patients as well as other data related to the epidemic.Pathogen detections were performed through anal swab specimens from the patients,kitchen workers and samples from the environment.Positive samples were further sequenced for phylogenetic analysis.A case-control study was employed to identify the risk factors related to this outbreak.Results A total of 226 cases of norovirus-borne infection were identified between September 17 and 21,2017,including 223 students,with an attack rate of 0.73% (223/30 711),and 3 kitchen workers.Students staying in the A dormitory area had the highest attack rate (1.73%,164/9 459).No clustering was found in different colleges or classes.Results from the case-control study revealed that people who ate at the canteen in A dormitory area during September 18 to 20 was at risk for the onset of illness (OR=10.75,95%CI:5.56-20.79).The highest risk was related to the dinner on September 18.Another significant risk factor (OR=3.65,95% CI:1.92-6.94) was close personal contact in the same room of the dorm.The 3 norovirus infected kitchen workers were all from the canteen in A dormitory area where the positive rate of norovirus identified in kitchen workers was 26.67% (12/45).Positive samples were sequenced and sub-typed with results showing that the GⅡ.4 Sydney 2012 variant and the nucleotide sequences of cases and kitchen workers were 100% identical.Conclusions The outbreak was caused by norovirus GⅡ.4 Sydney 2012 variant at campus.Similar outbreaks had been seen since 2013,with the routes of transmission most likely due to food-borne or personal contact.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 799-804, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738049

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the infection pattern and etiological characteristics of a case of human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H7N9) virus and provide evidence for the prevention and control of human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus.Methods Epidemiological investigation was conducted to explore the case's exposure history,infection route and disease progression.Samples collected from the patient,environments and poultry were tested by using real time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).Virus isolation,genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis were conducted for positive samples.Results The case had no live poultry contact history,but had a history of pulled chicken processing without taking protection measure in an unventilated kitchen before the onset.Samples collected from the patient's lower respiratory tract,the remaining frozen chicken meat and the live poultry market were all influenza A (H7N9) virus positive.The isolated viruses from these positive samples were highly homogenous.An insertion which lead to the addition of multiple basic amino acid residues (PEVPKRKRTAR/GL) was found at the HA cleavage site,suggesting that this virus might be highly pathogenic.Conclusions Live poultry processing without protection measure is an important infection mode of "poultry to human" transmission of avian influenza viruses.Due to the limitation of protection measures in live poultry markets in Guangzhou,it is necessary to promote the standardized large scale poultry farming,the complete restriction of live poultry sales and centralized poultry slaughtering as well as ice fresh sale.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 204-207, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737934

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the willingness and influence factors related to "centralized slaughtering,fresh poultry listing and marketing" strategy,among the household chefs,and provide reference for government to adjust and optimize the strategy on avian influenza prevention.Methods According to the geographical characteristics and regional functions,6'monitoring stations' were selected from 12 residential districts of Guangzhou,respectively.Another 21 meat markets which selling live poultry,were selected in each station and 5 household chefs of each market were invited to attend a face to face interview.Basic information,personal cognitive,willingness and influencing factors to the policy were under study.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods were used.Results A total of 664 household chefs underwent the survey and results showed that the rate of support to the "centralized slaughtering,fresh poultry listing and marketing" strategy was 44.6% (296/664).Results from the multi-factor logistic regression showed that those household chefs who were males (OR=1.618,95% CI:1.156-2.264,P=0.005),having received higher education (OR=1.814,95% CI:1.296-2.539,P=0.001),or believing that the existence of live poultry stalls was related to the transmission of avian influenza (OR=1.918,95%CI:1.341-2.743,P<0.001) were factors at higher risk.These household chefs also intended to avoid the use of live poultry stalls (OR =1.666,95%CI:1.203-2.309,P=0.002) and accept the "centralized slaughtering,fresh poultry listing and marketing" strategy.Conclusion Detailed study on this subject and,setting up pilot project in some areas as well as prioritizing the education programs for household chefs seemed helpful to the implementation of the'freezing-fresh poultry'policy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1570-1575, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736720

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of a norovirus-borne outbreak caused by GⅡ.4 Sydney 2012 in a university of Guangzhou to provide evidence for the prevention and control strategy on norovirus-caused epidemics.Methods A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect clinical information from the patients as well as other data related to the epidemic.Pathogen detections were performed through anal swab specimens from the patients,kitchen workers and samples from the environment.Positive samples were further sequenced for phylogenetic analysis.A case-control study was employed to identify the risk factors related to this outbreak.Results A total of 226 cases of norovirus-borne infection were identified between September 17 and 21,2017,including 223 students,with an attack rate of 0.73% (223/30 711),and 3 kitchen workers.Students staying in the A dormitory area had the highest attack rate (1.73%,164/9 459).No clustering was found in different colleges or classes.Results from the case-control study revealed that people who ate at the canteen in A dormitory area during September 18 to 20 was at risk for the onset of illness (OR=10.75,95%CI:5.56-20.79).The highest risk was related to the dinner on September 18.Another significant risk factor (OR=3.65,95% CI:1.92-6.94) was close personal contact in the same room of the dorm.The 3 norovirus infected kitchen workers were all from the canteen in A dormitory area where the positive rate of norovirus identified in kitchen workers was 26.67% (12/45).Positive samples were sequenced and sub-typed with results showing that the GⅡ.4 Sydney 2012 variant and the nucleotide sequences of cases and kitchen workers were 100% identical.Conclusions The outbreak was caused by norovirus GⅡ.4 Sydney 2012 variant at campus.Similar outbreaks had been seen since 2013,with the routes of transmission most likely due to food-borne or personal contact.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 799-804, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736581

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the infection pattern and etiological characteristics of a case of human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H7N9) virus and provide evidence for the prevention and control of human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus.Methods Epidemiological investigation was conducted to explore the case's exposure history,infection route and disease progression.Samples collected from the patient,environments and poultry were tested by using real time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).Virus isolation,genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis were conducted for positive samples.Results The case had no live poultry contact history,but had a history of pulled chicken processing without taking protection measure in an unventilated kitchen before the onset.Samples collected from the patient's lower respiratory tract,the remaining frozen chicken meat and the live poultry market were all influenza A (H7N9) virus positive.The isolated viruses from these positive samples were highly homogenous.An insertion which lead to the addition of multiple basic amino acid residues (PEVPKRKRTAR/GL) was found at the HA cleavage site,suggesting that this virus might be highly pathogenic.Conclusions Live poultry processing without protection measure is an important infection mode of "poultry to human" transmission of avian influenza viruses.Due to the limitation of protection measures in live poultry markets in Guangzhou,it is necessary to promote the standardized large scale poultry farming,the complete restriction of live poultry sales and centralized poultry slaughtering as well as ice fresh sale.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 204-207, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736466

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the willingness and influence factors related to "centralized slaughtering,fresh poultry listing and marketing" strategy,among the household chefs,and provide reference for government to adjust and optimize the strategy on avian influenza prevention.Methods According to the geographical characteristics and regional functions,6'monitoring stations' were selected from 12 residential districts of Guangzhou,respectively.Another 21 meat markets which selling live poultry,were selected in each station and 5 household chefs of each market were invited to attend a face to face interview.Basic information,personal cognitive,willingness and influencing factors to the policy were under study.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods were used.Results A total of 664 household chefs underwent the survey and results showed that the rate of support to the "centralized slaughtering,fresh poultry listing and marketing" strategy was 44.6% (296/664).Results from the multi-factor logistic regression showed that those household chefs who were males (OR=1.618,95% CI:1.156-2.264,P=0.005),having received higher education (OR=1.814,95% CI:1.296-2.539,P=0.001),or believing that the existence of live poultry stalls was related to the transmission of avian influenza (OR=1.918,95%CI:1.341-2.743,P<0.001) were factors at higher risk.These household chefs also intended to avoid the use of live poultry stalls (OR =1.666,95%CI:1.203-2.309,P=0.002) and accept the "centralized slaughtering,fresh poultry listing and marketing" strategy.Conclusion Detailed study on this subject and,setting up pilot project in some areas as well as prioritizing the education programs for household chefs seemed helpful to the implementation of the'freezing-fresh poultry'policy.

9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 173-178, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety between ozonated oil and compound flumethasone ointment in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris.Methods:A left/right self-controlled,parallel group study was conducted.Forty patients with stable psoriasis vulgaris were enrolled in the study,whose lesions were symmetrical and involvement areas were <30% body surface.The patients were divided into 2 groups.Patients with left lesions served as a test group were treated daily for ozonated oil twice,and patients with right lesions served as a control group were treated daily for compound flumetasone ointment twice.The patients in the 2 groups were treated for 4 weeks.The clinical efficacy and safety were observed at 1,2 and 4 weeks after the treatment.Results:After 1 week treatment,the effective rates of the test group and the control group were 60.58% and 72.28%,respectively,with significant difference between them (P<0.05).At 2 weeks and 4 weeks after the treatment,the efficacy in the test group was similar to that in the control group.The effective rates in the test group and the control group were 69.84% and 70.25% after 2 weeks,respectively,70.88% and 71.23% after 4 weeks,respectively.There was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P<0.05).In addition,the reflectance confocal microscope results in both the test group and the control group after 4 weeks showed that the epidermis was approximately normal.There were few inflammatory cells infiltration in the dermal papilla,and the inflammatory cells infiltration was significantly reduced after treatment.Conclusion:Ozonated oil treatment for stable psoriasis is safe and effective,and its efficacy is equivalent to the effect ofglucocorticoid topical preparations.

10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 168-172, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693794

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of topical ozone therapy for patients with herpes zoster by reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM).Methods:A total of 60 patients with herpes zoster were divided into a control group and an ozone treatment group (n=30).In the control group,patients took oral valacyclovir tablets or granules (0.3 g per day,three times a day) and they were subjected to local weak laser irradiation treatment plustopical 2% mupirocin ointment twice a day.In the ozone group,the treatment is same as the control group except mupirocin ointment was replaced with topical ozone treatment (hydrotherapy every day plus ozonated oil twice a day).The clinical symptoms,discoid cell and adverse reactions were observed and taken records at day 0,3,7 and 14.Statistical analysis was performed to compare the clinical efficacy between the 2 groups.Results:On the seventh day of treatment,the discoid cells of the ozone group disappeared,and the difference between the control group and the ozone group was statistically significant (P<0.05).The difference of decreased percentage of pain scores at each time point between the 2 groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).The clinical efficacy was 100% in the ozone group and 86.7% in the control group,with significant difference between the 2 groups (P<0.05).Conclusion:Topical ozone therapy in patients with herpes zoster is helpful in relieving pain,shortening the course as well as improving the clinical efficacy without obvious adverse reactions.It is worth to be popularized.

11.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 163-167, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of the innovative topical ozone therapy for infantile atopic dermatitis.Methods:Sixty children with atopic dermatitis were divided into a treatment group and a control group.The treatment group was showered with ozonated water (3-5 times a week) and smeared with ozonated oil (twice a day),while the control group was washed with warm running water and smeared with base oil,adding moisturizer if necessary.The treatment course was 2 weeks.Efficacy and side effect were evaluated.Results:The skin exudation was reduced and erosion was healing after 3-5 days topical ozone therapy for infantile atopic dermatitis.The effective rates were 80.0% and 20.0% in the treatment group and control group for 1 week,and 89.6% and 30.7% for 2 weeks,respectively,with significant difference between the 2 groups (P<0.001).Conclusion:Innovative treatment of infantile atopic dermatitis with topical ozone application is safe and effective,which is worth popularizing in clinic.

12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 157-162, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the effect of ozone on Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) colonization in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and its correlation with the patient's status.Methods:A total of 12 patients with moderate or severe AD,aged from 6 to 65 years,were recruited from outpatient of the Third Xiangya Hospital.The treatment sides were showered with ozonated water and smeared with ozonated oil for 7 days (twice a day),while the control sides were washed with warm running water and smeared with base oil.At different time points,the severity scoring ofatopic dermatitis (SCORAD) scores,sleep and pruritus scores were assessed and compared between the two sides.Meanwhile,plate cultivation was used to quantitatively detect the changes ofS.aureus colonization in skin lesions.Results:After 7 days treatment,erythema and pimples were decreased in the treatment sides.The clear skin texture,smooth skin,improved skin lesions were also observed by dermoscopic examination.The results of reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) demonstrated that the parakeratosis was improved,the structures were clearer,and the inflammatory cells infiltration was reduced after ozone treatment for 7 days.After ozone treatment for 3 and 7 days,the S.aureus colonization in the treatment sides decreased by (75.55±21.81)% and (97.24±2.64)% respectively.Compared to that of control sides,the percentage of S.aureus colony after ozone treatment for 7 days decreased significantly (P<0.01).After ozone treatment for 7 days,the SCORAD scores,sleep and pruritus scores were significantly decreased (all P<0.01).There was a linear correlation between the decreasing percentage of S.aureus colony and the declining percentage of SCORAD scores in AD patients.Conclusion:Topical ozone therapy can effectively reduce S.aureus colony in skin lesions and alleviate the severity of AD patients with moderate to severe degree.

13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 147-151, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate efficacy of combined therapy with ozonated water and oil on patients with tinea pedis.Methods:A total of 60 patients with tinea pedis were divided into 2 groups in a randomized and blinded test.Patients in a control group were treated with naftinfine hydrochloride and ketoconazole cream once a day.Patients in an ozone group were treated with ozonated water bath and then ozonated oil topical application once a day.Patients in the 2 groups were treated for 4 weeks.Clinical and laboratory data were collected for both groups at the end of the 1st week,the 2nd week,and the 4th week.The Pearson chi-square was performed to compare scores of the clinical signs and symptoms (CSS) and the mycological result between the 2 groups.Independent samples T-test was performed to compare the curative effect between the 2 groups.Results:After 4 weeks' treatment,6 patients were positive in the control group determined by mycological examination while 1 patient was positive in the ozone group,with no significant difference between the 2 groups (P>0.05).Changes in CSS at the end of the 1st week,2nd week,and 4th week were obtained and showed no significant difference between the 2 groups at the 3 different time points (P>0.05).No side effects were observed.Conclusion:Combination of ozonated water with oil is effective on treatment oftinea pedis and it shows no side effects.

14.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 143-146, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine initial concentrations of ozonated water under different temperatures,attenuation rules ofozonated water under the room temperature (25 ℃),and to inspect the effects ofozonated water under different concentrations on common microorganisms.Methods:The online test method and the plate cultivation method were employed to check the concentrations and killing rates on common microorganisms of ozonated water produced by HZ-2601 B Ozone Water Generating Instrument.Results:The initial concentrations of ozonated water at 20,25,30,35,and 40 ℃ were 4.38,4.26,3.12,2.76,and 1.31 mg/L,respectively.The ozonated water was rapidly attenuated at first 10 min.The concentration ofozonated water still remained at 1.06 mg/L and 0.37 mg/L at 25 and 30 ℃ after 30 min.The average killing rates for Pseudornonas aeruginosa,Escherichia coli,Staphylococcus aureus,methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,and Candida albicans in 1.0 mg/L ozonated water for 1 min were 99%,100%,100%,100%,and 100%,respectively.The average killing rates of Escherichia coli,Staphylococcus aureus,methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,Pseudomonas aeruginosa,and Candida albicans in 0.3 mg/L ozonated water for 1 min were 100%,100%,100%,95%,and 92%,respectively.Conclusion:The initial concentrations of ozonated water produced by HZ-2601 B Ozone Water Generating Instrument decrease with the increase of temperature.Ozonated water under 20-30 ℃ has good sterilization effect on common microorganisms.

15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 139-142, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693788

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore a new method for detecting the bactericidal effect of oiling agent in vitro,and to determine the disinfectant effecacy ofozonated camellia oil on Staphylococcus aureus.Methods:Suspension of Staphylococcus aureus was prepared and innoculated on the LB plate by plate scribing method.After culture overnight,21 bacterial monoclones with the same diameter were selected and divided into 3 groups:A negative control group,a baseoil (camellia oil) group and an ozonated camellia oil group.We used a ring to isolate the single clone and added oil inside the ring,cultured the whole plate over night,picked out each single clone (with gel) to 5 mL LB medium and cultured it for 12 h.The final concentration of the LB medium was detected by plate count method and turbidimetry.Results:According to the plate count method and turbidimetry,the bacterial concentration in the ozonated camellia oil group was lower than that in the negative control group and base oil group Conclusion:Bacterial monoclone culture method shows that ozonated camellia oil can significantly kill Staphylococcus aureus,and this method is an effective method for evaluating the bactericidal function of the oiling agent in vitro.

16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 131-138, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate skin irritation,acute toxicity,and allergy of medical ozone oil for clinical application.Methods:In contrast to their left and right side irritation,one or more skin irritation tests were performed on the intact and damaged skins of guinea pigs.With the maximum concentration,acute skin toxicity test was applied on the intact and damaged skins of rats.Active cutaneous anaphylaxis was applied to the guinea pigs.Results:High concentration (ozone consumption:150 g/L) of medical ozone oil showed a slight irritation on the broken skin of guinea pigs,while low concentrations did not show skin irritation.Medical ozone oil had no obvious acute toxicity to rats.The medical ozone oil and base oil showed mildallergy for the skin of guinea pig.Conclusion:The irritation of medical ozone oil is related to its concentration.With appropriateconcentration and duration of treatment,medical ozone oil is safe.

17.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 124-130, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693786

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate associations of interleukin-31 (IL-31) and pruritus in atopic dermatitis (AD) with Meta-analysis.Methods:Materials were extracted from the citations listed in the following databases:PubMed,Science Direct,Web of Science and Cochrane.Key search terms included:atopic dermatitis,pruritus,and IL-31.The Meta-analysis was used to analyze the correlation between pruritws in AD and IL-31 expression level.Results:The Meta-analysis showed that serum IL-31 levels were higher in AD patients than those in the healthy controls.The levels of IL-31 were higher in severe AD patients than those in the mild and moderate AD patients.Moreover,a positive correlation between serum IL-31 levels and severity of pruritus was identified.Conclusion:Increased serum levels of IL-31 generally exist in the AD patients,and it may accelerate the pruritus in the AD patients.

18.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1023-1029, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669346

ABSTRACT

Objective:To illuminate a method for establishment of a cost-efficient atopic dermatitis (AD) mouse model by topical application of ovalbumin (OVA),super-antigen staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB),and calcipotriene ointment (CO) on the back of BALB/c mice.Methods:Experimental mice were topically treated with OVA/SEB or OVA/SEB/CO every other day during 15 days of induction.Clinical alterations on the skin area were monitored every other day.Epidermal thickness were measured by reflectance confocal microscope (RCM) before harvest.Inflammatory cells in skin biopsies were marked by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining.Blood sample and skin biopsies were measured by ELISA and quantitative real-time PCR to detect the expression of IL-2,IL-4,IL-31,interferon (IFN)-γ,tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α pruritus-associated nerve growth factor (NGF),and serum IgE.Results:Human AD-like cutaneous local inflammatory reaction was characterized by the accumulation of inflammatory cells,increased epidermal thickness and serum IgE levels as well as Th1 cell-associated cytokines (IFN-γ,TNF-α),Th2 cell-associated cytokines (IL-4,IL-31),and NGF in the OVA/SEB/CO group compared with that in the normal control group or the OVA/ SEB group.Conclusion:OVA/SEB/CO can induce an AD-like mouse model with lower economic and time consumption.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 736-738, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503737

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of combined ozone hydrotherapy for the treatment of atopic dermatitis(AD). Methods A total of 60 patients with moderate or severe AD aged from 6 to 65 years were enrolled, and randomly and equally divided into a test group and a control group. Both the two groups were treated with oral levocetirizine capsules 5 mg once a day, topical tacrolimus ointment twice a day, and topical moisturizers. The test group was additionally treated with ozone hydrotherapy 3- 5 times every week. The treatment lasted 2 weeks. The severity scoring of atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, dermatology life quality index (DLQI) or children′s dermatology life quality index (CDLQI) score were assessed before and after the treatment, and compared between the two groups. Enzyme?linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was performed to measure the levels of interleukin?4(IL?4)and nerve growth factor(NGF)in peripheral blood from the patients before and after the treatment. Results After 2?week treatment, the SCORAD scores, VAS scores and DLQI/CDLQI scores significantly decreased from 42.13 ± 16.03, 7.14 ± 2.12 and 14.92 ± 5.94 before the treatment to 27.3 ± 11.01, 2.23 ± 1.31 and 9.69 ± 4.17 respectively in the test group(all P0.05). Conclusion Combined ozone hydrotherapy can effectively and safely improve the condition of patients with AD, likely by decreasing the levels of IL?4 in peripheral blood.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 832-836, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261619

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the results of nine-round environmental specimen surveillance programs in five live poultry markets pre-, during and post the 'closing days' and to evaluate the effects of 'closing days' on live poultry markets regarding the control against avian influenza pollution.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In January 2014, control measures including culling poultry, completely cleaning and disinfecting and a 'three-day-closing' measure were conducted in five live poultry markets which were found positive for H7N9 nucleic acid in the 1(st) round environmental specimen surveillance program. Second surveillance program was conducted after a thorough disinfection campaign was launched. Several times surveillance were conducted in one week, after the markets were reopened. RT-PCR was used to test the nucleic acid of HA, H5, H7 and H9 viruses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>654 specimens from the environment were collected and tested. During the first round surveillance program, positive rates for influenza A and H5/H7/H9 nucleic acid of poultry stalls appeared to be 94.44% and 61.11% respectively. The positive rates of poultry stalls reduced to 0 after the disinfection campaign but increased again after the markets reopened. The positive rate for influenza A of poultry stalls slightly increased from 50.00% in the third surveillance to 72.22% in the ninth surveillance (P > 0.05). The positive rate for H5/H7/H9 of poultry stalls showed a significantly increasing trend, from 0 in the third surveillance to 44.44% in the ninth surveillance (P < 0.01). The positive rates for influenza A and H5/H7/H9 nucleic acid of specimens were 28.89% and 17.78% respectively. The positive rate of specimens reduced to 0 after disinfection while increased again after reopening of the markets. The positive rate for influenza A of specimens slightly increased from 19.67% in the third surveillance to 27.54% in the ninth surveillance programs (P > 0.05). The positive rate for H5/H7/H9 of specimen showed a significant increasing trend, from 0 in the third surveillance to 8.70% in the ninth-round surveillance programs (P < 0.01). The positive rate for influenza A was the highest for slaughter- related specimens of 22.4% (35/156). The positive rates for influenza A from sewage and drinking water being collected on the later stage after the markets reopened (25.9%, 12.4%)were higher than those on the early stage (8.3%, 8.6%) (P > 0.05). The positive rate for influenza A of poultry stalls with overnight poultry storage (91.7%) was significant higher than that of poultry stalls without the overnight storage (33.3%). The positive rate for influenza A of poultry stalls in which simultaneously selling different kinds of poultry (85.7%) was significant higher than that of poultry stalls in which selling only one kind of poultry at one time (25.0%) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Slaughter in live poultry markets posed a large risk of pollution diffusion. Sewage and drinking water showed an accumulation effect for avian influenza virus. Overnight poultry storage and selling different kinds of poultry at one time at the poultry stalls seemed the risk factors for avian influenza virus transmission. Complete cleaning, disinfecting and several 'closing days' for live poultry markets seemed effective in eliminating avian influenza virus. Once the markets were reopened, they seemed to be soon polluted again.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Commerce , Disinfection , Environmental Microbiology , Environmental Monitoring , Influenza A virus , Influenza in Birds , Poultry , Virology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL