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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 191-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965726

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the predictive value of CT signs of mixed ground-glass nodules in the pathological subtype and differentiation of lung adenocarcinoma. Methods    The clinical data of 66 patients with mixed ground-glass nodules pathologically diagnosed as invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) in the Second Department of Thoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from May to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 males and 46 females, aged 35-75 years. The CT findings were analyzed before operation, and the lesion profile was cut after operation to distinguish the ground-glass and solid components, and the pathological results of different positions were obtained. According to the postoperative pathological results, the patients were divided into a low-risk group (containing adherent type and no components of micropapillary subtype and solid subtype, n=16), a medium-risk group (containing niple or acinar type and no components of micropapillary subtype and solid subtype, n=38), and a high-risk group (containing micropapillary or solid subtype, n=12). The relationships between CT features and the pathological subtype and degree of differentiation were analyzed and compared. Results    In 66 patients with IAC, the infiltration degree of solid components was greater than that of ground-glass components. When the solid component ratio (CTR) was≥25% (sensitivity 90.2%, specificity 64.0%, P=0.005), and the average CT value was>−283.95 HU (sensitivity 82.9%, specificity 64.0%, P=0.000), the histological grade was more inclined to medium and low differentiation. The CTR, Ki-67, average CT value and histological grade of IAC in the medium- and high-risk groups were higher than those of nodules in the low-risk group. Conclusion    The infiltration degree of solid components is higher than that of ground-glass components in IAC mixed ground-glass nodules. The pathological subtype, Ki-67 expression and histological grade of lung adenocarcinoma can be predicted according to its CT characteristics, which has important clinical significance for determining the timing of surgery.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 620-625, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985919

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the long-term outcomes and risk factors in children with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on newly onset SSNS admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2006 to December 2010 and 105 cases with follow-up for more than 10 years were included. Clinical data including general characteristics, clinical manifestation, laboratory tests, treatment and prognosis. The primary outcome was the clinical cure, and the secondary outcomes were relapse or ongoing immunosuppressive treatment within the last 1 year of follow-up and complications at the last follow-up. According to the primary outcome, the patients were divided into clinical cured group and uncured group. Categorical variables were compared between 2 groups using the χ2 or Fisher exact test, and continuous variables by t or Mann-Whitney U test. Multiple Logistic regression models were used for multivariate analysis. Results: Of the 105 children with SSNS, the age of onset was 3.0 (2.1, 5.0) years, and 82 (78.1%) were boys, 23(21.9%) were girls. The follow-up time was (13.1±1.4) years; 38 patients (36.2%) had frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (FRNS or SDNS) and no death or progression to end-stage kidney disease. Eighty-eight patients (83.8%) were clinically cured. Seventeen patients (16.2%) did not reach the clinical cure criteria, and 14 patients (13.3%) had relapsed or ongoing immunosuppressive treatment within the last year of follow-up. The proportion of FRNS or SDNS (12/17 vs. 29.5% (26/88), χ2=10.39), the proportion of treatment with second-line immunosuppressive therapy (13/17 vs. 18.2% (16/88), χ2=21.39), and the level of apolipoprotein A1 at onset ((2.0±0.5) vs. (1.7±0.6) g/L, t=2.02) in the uncured group were higher than those in the clinical cured group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that patients treated with immunosuppressive therapy had an increased risk of not reaching clinical cure in the long term (OR=14.63, 95%CI 4.21-50.78, P<0.001). Of the 55 clinically cured patients who had relapsed, 48 patients (87.3%) did not relapse after 12 years of age. The age at last follow-up was 16.4 (14.6, 18.9) years, and 34 patients (32.4%) were ≥18 years of age. Among the 34 patients who had reached adulthood, 5 patients (14.7%) still relapsed or ongoing immunosuppressive treatment within the last year of follow-up. At the last follow-up, among the 105 patients, 13 still had long-term complications, and 8 patients were FRNS or SDNS. The proportion of FRNS or SDNS patients with short stature, obesity, cataracts, and osteoporotic bone fracture was 10.5% (4/38), 7.9% (3/38), 5.3% (2/38), and 2.6% (1/38), respectively. Conclusions: The majority of SSNS children were clinically cured, indicating a favorable long-term prognosis. History of treatment with second-line immunosuppressive therapy was the independent risk factor for patients not reaching the clinical cure criteria in the long term. While it is not uncommon for children with SSNS to persist into adulthood. The prevention and control of long-term complications of FRNS or SDNS patients should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Nephrotic Syndrome/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 702-709, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of plasma cells for diagnosing lymph node diseases. Methods: Common lymphadenopathy (except plasma cell neoplasms) diagnosed from September 2012 to August 2022 were selected from the pathological records of Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, China. Morphological and immunohistochemical features were analyzed to examine the infiltration pattern, clonality, and IgG and IgG4 expression of plasma cells in these lymphadenopathies, and to summarize the differential diagnoses of plasma cell infiltration in common lymphadenopathies. Results: A total of 236 cases of lymphadenopathies with various degrees of plasma cell infiltration were included in the study. There were 58 cases of Castleman's disease, 55 cases of IgG4-related lymphadenopathy, 14 cases of syphilitic lymphadenitis, 2 cases of rheumatoid lymphadenitis, 18 cases of Rosai-Dorfman disease, 23 cases of Kimura's disease, 13 cases of dermal lymphadenitis and 53 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). The main features of these lymphadenopathies were lymph node enlargement with various degrees of plasm cell infiltration. A panel of immunohistochemical antibodies were used to examine the distribution of plasma cells and the expression of IgG and IgG4. The presence of lymph node architecture could help determine benign and malignant lesions. The preliminary classification of these lymphadenopathies was based on the infiltration features of plasma cells. The evaluation of IgG and IgG4 as a routine means could exclude the lymph nodes involvement of IgG4-related dieases (IgG4-RD), and whether it was accompanied by autoimmune diseases or multiple-organ diseases, which were of critical evidence for the differential diagnosis. For common lesions of lymphadenopathies, such as Castleman's disease, Kimura's disease, Rosai-Dorfman's disease and dermal lymphadenitis, the expression ratio of IgG4/IgG (>40%) as detected using immunhistochemistry and serum IgG4 levels should be considered as a standard for the possibility of IgG4-RD. The differential diagnosis of multicentric Castleman's diseases and IgG4-RD should be also considered. Conclusions: Infiltration of plasma cells and IgG4-positive plasma cells may be detected in some types of lymphadenopathies and lymphomas in clinicopathological daily practice, but not all of them are related to IgG4-RD. It should be emphasized that the characteristics of plasma cell infiltration and the ratio of IgG4/IgG (>40%) should be considered for further differential diagnosis and avoiding misclassification of lymphadenopathies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Castleman Disease/pathology , Plasma Cells/pathology , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease , China , Lymphadenopathy/pathology , Inflammation/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Lymphadenitis/pathology , Immunoglobulin G/metabolism
4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 153-156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971509

ABSTRACT

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant inherited disease caused by abnormal lipoprotein metabolism. Patients with FH have a significantly increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) due to long-term exposure to high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). The diagnosis of FH relies heavily on gene detection, and examination of LDL receptor (LDLR) function is of great significance in its treatment. This review summarizes the current advances in the screening, diagnosis, and treatment of FH and functional analysis of LDLR gene mutations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/therapy , Coronary Artery Disease , Lipoproteins, LDL , Mutation
5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 678-682, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996481

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the clinical effect of three-port Da Vinci robot-assisted radical resection of lung cancer. Methods    The clinical data of patients who underwent Da Vinci robot-assisted radical resection of lung cancer in the Second Department of Thoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from April 2021 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the number of surgical ports, they were divided into two groups: a three-port group (three-port Da Vinci robot-assisted radical resection of lung cancer), and a four-port group (traditional Da Vinci robot-assisted radical resection of lung cancer). The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, lymphadenectomy, total thoracic drainage, extubation time, postoperative complications and postoperative pain of the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results    A total of 58 patients were included, including 19 males and 39 females, aged 31-79 years. There were 21 patients in the three-port group, and 37 patients in the four-port group. The visual analogue scores on the first and third day after the operation were 4.33±1.20 points and 2.24±0.77 points in the three-port group, and 5.11±1.22 points and 2.78±1.06 points in the four-port group, and there were statistical differences between the two groups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of operation time, intraoperative bleeding, lymph node dissection, postoperative thoracic drainage, time of thoracic tube insertion or postoperative complications (P>0.05). Conclusion    Three-port Da Vinci robot-assisted radical resection of lung cancer can reduce the postoperative pain without increasing the operation difficulty and complications, and can be widely used in  the clinical practice.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 293-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996077

ABSTRACT

The assessment of the Party branch is conducive to improving the quality of Party building, giving full play of the role of Party branch, and better realizing the two-way integration of Party building and health care, to promote the high-quality development of public hospitals. Oriented by problems, West China Hospital, Sichuan University comprehensively adopted a series of methods, such as literature research, Delphi method and in-depth interview and so on, to construct the index system of the Party branch assessment and explored an effective operation mechanism. As a result, the basic management was consolidated, the normalization and standardization of Party branch work was advanced, and the roles of Party branch became more prominent, which is expected to provide decision-making and work references for health authorities and national counterparts.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 592-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978503

ABSTRACT

In recent years, organ transplantation has developed rapidly in China, whereas the proportion of supply and demand of organs for donation is severely unbalanced. To resolve the shortage of donor livers, repairing extended criteria donor liver and improving the quality of donor liver are critical research directions. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) is a category of stem cells with self-renewal and differentiation potential, which possess the functions of immunomodulation and tissue repair. The derivatives of MSC have the advantages of low immunogenicity and high biocompatibility, which have been widely applied in the treatment of multiple diseases. In this article, research progress on the role of MSC, exosomes and extracellular vesicles in alleviating liver steatosis, repairing ischemia-reperfusion injury and promoting the regeneration of small-for-size liver allograft was reviewed, and the feasibility and safety of MSC and the derivatives in repairing donor liver were summarized, aiming provide novel ideas for repairing marginal donor liver and enhancing the quality of liver allograft.

8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 93-104, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971623

ABSTRACT

We conducted a prospective study to assess the non-inferiority of adjuvant chemotherapy alone versus adjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) as an alternative strategy for patients with early-stage (FIGO 2009 stage IB-IIA) cervical cancer having risk factors after surgery. The condition was assessed in terms of prognosis, adverse effects, and quality of life. This randomized trial involved nine centers across China. Eligible patients were randomized to receive adjuvant chemotherapy or CCRT after surgery. The primary end-point was progression-free survival (PFS). From December 2012 to December 2014, 337 patients were subjected to randomization. Final analysis included 329 patients, including 165 in the adjuvant chemotherapy group and 164 in the adjuvant CCRT group. The median follow-up was 72.1 months. The three-year PFS rates were both 91.9%, and the five-year OS was 90.6% versus 90.0% in adjuvant chemotherapy and CCRT groups, respectively. No significant differences were observed in the PFS or OS between groups. The adjusted HR for PFS was 0.854 (95% confidence interval 0.415-1.757; P = 0.667) favoring adjuvant chemotherapy, excluding the predefined non-inferiority boundary of 1.9. The chemotherapy group showed a tendency toward good quality of life. In comparison with post-operative adjuvant CCRT, adjuvant chemotherapy treatment showed non-inferior efficacy in patients with early-stage cervical cancer having pathological risk factors. Adjuvant chemotherapy alone is a favorable alternative post-operative treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Neoplasm Staging , Chemoradiotherapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/adverse effects , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 172-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969863

ABSTRACT

In recent years, many studies have found that vaginal microbiota is closely related to female reproductive tract diseases. However, traditional microbial culture technology has the defects of long culture cycle and most microorganisms cannot be cultured. The development of metagenomics technique has broken the limitations of culture technology, and has been gradually applied to the study of vaginal microorganisms with the characteristics of high throughput, short time, identification of microbial population structure and gene function. It also provides technical support for elucidating the relationship between vaginal microbiota and female reproductive tract diseases. This article mainly introduces the metagenomics techniques and their applications in prevention, screening and diagnosis of common female reproductive tract diseases, and discusses their promising development and limitations to be overcome.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Microbiota/genetics , Vagina , Metagenomics/methods
10.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 485-494, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982218

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Many studies have demonstrated the benefit of complete multivessel revascularization versus culprit-only intervention in patients of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary artery disease. However, only a few single-center retrospective studies were performed on small Chinese cohorts. Our study aims to demonstrate the advantage of multivessel percutaneous intervention (PCI) strategy on 30-day in-hospital outcomes to patients with STEMI and multivessel disease in larger Chinese population.@*METHODS@#From the Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-Acute Coronary Syndrome (CCC-ACS) project, 5935 patients with STEMI and multivessel disease undergoing PCI and hospitalized for fewer than 30 days were analyzed. After 5: 1 propensity score matching, 3577 patients with culprit-only PCI and 877 with in-hospital multivessel PCI were included. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as a composite of myocardial infarction, all-cause death, stent thrombosis, heart failure, and stroke.@*RESULTS@#Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that in-hospital multivessel PCI was associated with lower risk of 30-day MACCE (adjusted OR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.57-0.98, P = 0.032) than culprit-only PCI and conferred no increased risk of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, stroke, or bleeding. Subgroup analysis showed that MACCE reduction was observed more often from patients with trans-femoral access (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.15-0.74) than with trans-radial access (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.66-1.16, P for interaction = 0.017).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The in-hospital multivessel PCI strategy was associated with a lower risk of 30-day MACCE than culprit-only PCI in patients with STEMI and multivessel coronary artery disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 415-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984738

ABSTRACT

Objective: To development the prognostic nomogram for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Methods: Two hundred and ten patients pathologically confirmed as MPM were enrolled in this retrospective study from 2007 to 2020 in the People's Hospital of Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, the First and Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, and divided into training (n=112) and test (n=98) sets according to the admission time. The observation factors included demography, symptoms, history, clinical score and stage, blood cell and biochemistry, tumor markers, pathology and treatment. The Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the prognostic factors of 112 patients in the training set. According to the results of multivariate Cox regression analysis, the prognostic prediction nomogram was established. C-Index and calibration curve were used to evaluate the model's discrimination and consistency in raining and test sets, respectively. Patients were stratified according to the median risk score of nomogram in the training set. Log rank test was performed to compare the survival differences between the high and low risk groups in the two sets. Results: The median overall survival (OS) of 210 MPM patients was 384 days (IQR=472 days), and the 6-month, 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year survival rates were 75.7%, 52.6%, 19.7%, and 13.0%, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that residence (HR=2.127, 95% CI: 1.154-3.920), serum albumin (HR=1.583, 95% CI: 1.017-2.464), clinical stage (stage Ⅳ: HR=3.073, 95% CI: 1.366-6.910) and the chemotherapy (HR=0.476, 95% CI: 0.292-0.777) were independent prognostic factors for MPM patients. The C-index of the nomogram established based on the results of Cox multivariate regression analysis in the training and test sets were 0.662 and 0.613, respectively. Calibration curves for both the training and test sets showed moderate consistency between the predicted and actual survival probabilities of MPM patients at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years. The low-risk group had better outcomes than the high-risk group in both training (P=0.001) and test (P=0.003) sets. Conclusion: The survival prediction nomogram established based on routine clinical indicators of MPM patients provides a reliable tool for prognostic prediction and risk stratification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesothelioma, Malignant , Prognosis , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Proportional Hazards Models
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 479-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984647

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the incidence of bloodstream infections, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profile in patients with hematological malignancies. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2021, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profiles of patients with malignant hematological diseases and bloodstream infections in the Department of Hematology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University. Results: A total of 582 incidences of bloodstream infections occurred in 22,717 inpatients. From 2018 to 2021, the incidence rates of bloodstream infections were 2.79%, 2.99%, 2.79%, and 2.02%, respectively. Five hundred ninety-nine types of bacteria were recovered from blood cultures, with 487 (81.3%) gram-negative bacteria, such as Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Eighty-one (13.5%) were gram-positive bacteria, primarily Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Enterococcus faecium, whereas the remaining 31 (5.2%) were fungi. Enterobacteriaceae resistance to carbapenems, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and tigecycline were 11.0%, 15.3%, 15.4%, and 3.3%, with a descending trend year on year. Non-fermenters tolerated piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and quinolones at 29.6%, 13.3%, and 21.7%, respectively. However, only two gram-positive bacteria isolates were shown to be resistant to glycopeptide antibiotics. Conclusions: Bloodstream pathogens in hematological malignancies were broadly dispersed, most of which were gram-negative bacteria. Antibiotic resistance rates vary greatly between species. Our research serves as a valuable resource for the selection of empirical antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Cefoperazone , Sulbactam , Retrospective Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Hematologic Neoplasms , Sepsis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Piperacillin, Tazobactam Drug Combination , Escherichia coli
13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1618-1624, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953702

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a central venous catheter for thoracic drainage after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy compared with a conventional chest tube. Methods    This study collected 200 patients with lung cancer who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy and systematic hilar and mediastinal lymph node dissection between January 2018 and September 2019 in our hospital. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, including a group A (left with 28F chest tubes postoperatively) and a group B (left with 12G central venous catheters postoperatively). Patients in both groups were left with 2 chest tubes after upper lobectomy and 1 chest tube after middle or lower lobectomy. Duration and total volume of drainage, length of hospital stay, maximum visual analogue scale score and so forth were compared between the two groups. Results    Finally, 151 patients were included for analysis. There were 73 patients in the group A, including 26 males and 47 females, with an average age of 55.38±9.95 years, and 78 patients in the group B, including 37 males and 41 females, with an average age of 59.86±10.18 years. No statistical  difference was found between the two groups in drainage volume on postoperative day 2, and proportion of prolonged air leaks, hemothorax, chylothorax or drain reinsertion (all P>0.05). There was a statistical difference in drainage volume on postoperative day 1 [200.0 (120.0, 280.0) mL vs. 57.5 (10.0, 157.5) mL, P=0.000], postoperative day 3 [155.0 (100.0, 210.0) mL vs. 150.0 (80.0, 215.0) mL, P=0.023], total volume of drainage [890.0 (597.5, 1 530.0) mL vs. 512.5 (302.5, 786.3) mL, P=0.000], maximum pain score (2.29±0.72 points vs. 2.09±0.51 points, P=0.013) and length of hospital stay [7 (7, 9) d vs. 5 (4, 7) d, P=0.000]. Conclusion    Compared with conventional chest tubes, central venous catheters for chest drainage in patients with lung cancer after thoracoscopic lobectomy shortens the length of hospital stay and reduces postoperative pain.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 566-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995949

ABSTRACT

Upholding the overall leadership of the Party is an important cornerstone for promoting development of public hospitals. Party building leadership for high-quality development of public hospitals must adhere to the value orientation of public welfare, establish a modern hospital management system, and promote the mutual promotion and integration of both Party building and medical service. The practice path of Party building in leading the high-quality development of public hospitals in a tertiary hospital won the support of patients, employees and medical students at large, gave full play to the leading role of the Party, and made breakthroughs in terms of medical service, discipline construction, talent training and internal management quality improvements. By strengthening top-level design and institutional system construction, the hospital has effectively transformed the political and organizational advantages led by Party building into an endogenous momentum for the reform and development of public hospitals. The practice solved such important questions as to the beneficiaries of the high-quality development of public hospitals, whom to depend on and how to govern, hence providing reference for further promoting the high-quality development of public hospitals in China and realizing the deep integration of Party building and medical service.

15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 595-602, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958557

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To study the molecular characteristics, virulence gene and resistance profiles of Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus, SA) isolates from bloodstream infections (BSI), so as to further understand the molecular characteristics of S. aureus in pediatric patients. Methods:A total of 53 S. aureus strains in bloodstream infections from Shanghai Children′s Hospital between 2016 and 2021 were collected. Antimicrobial susceptibility test were adopted by instrumental and disk diffusion method. Thirty-two kinds of virulence genes were detected by PCR and underwent multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), Staphylococcus protein A (spa) typing and staphylococcal chromosome cassette (staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec, SCCmec) typing characterizing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Statistical analysis was performed using χ 2 test or Fisher exact test. Results:MRSA isolates accounted for 50.94% of the total(27/53), with ST398-t034-SCCmecV (6/53, 11.32%) and ST59-t437-SCCmecIV (4/53, 7.55%) as the most common MRSA clones. Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) isolates occupied 49.06% (26/53), among which typing ST22-t309 (3/53, 5.66%) and ST7-t091/t1685 (2/53, 3.77% each) were prevalent. Of the 53 strains, all carried ≥6 virulence genes, 33 strains (62.26%) carried ≥10 virulence genes, including 18 strains of MSSA (69.23%) and 15 strains of MRSA (55.56%). The carriage rate of pvl gene in MSSA was higher than that of MRSA isolates (12/26, 33.33% vs. 6/27, 22.22%), and sasX was only detected in MRSA isolates (4/53, 7.55%). The resistant rates of BSI-SA isolates to penicillin, erythromycin and clindamycin were 98.11%, 49.06% and 41.51%, respectively. MRSA were more resistant to clinical antimicrobial agents than MSSA. Conclusions:MRSA strains cover a high proportion in S. aureus bloodstream infection of children, with ST398-t034 and ST59-t437 being the most common clones. The virulence gene carrying rate for BSI-SA was high with a greater pvl gene carrying rate in MSSA isolates while sasX was only detected in MRSA isolates. More clinical attention should be paid to the high resistance status and virulence genes characteristics of BSI-SA.

16.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 590-595, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of spinal cord injury after FET for ATAAD.Methods:We analyzed perioperative data of 111 patients with ATAAD who underwent FET in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2020 to October 2021.Results:Eleven(9.9%)of 111 patients had postoperative spinal cord injury, which showed varying degrees of paralysis or paraplegia. There was no significant difference in age, sex, medical history, cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamping time, circulatory arrest time and FET length between spinal cord injury group and non-spinal cord injury group( P>0.05). Univariate analysis showed that aortic true lumen away from the spinal side( P<0.001) and the number of segmental arteries originating from the true lumen<3 in T9-L3( P<0.001), left subclavian artery involvement( P<0.05) and stent coverage at T8 or beyond( P<0.05) was associated with postoperative spinal cord injury. Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that aortic true lumen away from the spinal side( P<0.001) and the number of segmental arteries originating from the true lumen<3( P<0.001) in T9-L3 and left subclavian artery involvement( P<0.05) were independent risk factors for postoperative spinal cord injury. Conclusion:The pathogenesis of spinal cord injury is complicated. This study suggests that the occurrence of spinal cord injury is significantly related to aortic true lumen away from the spinal side and the number of segmental arteries originating from the true lumen<3 in T9-L3 and left subclavian artery involvement. It is of great clinical significance to identify the high risk factors of postoperative spinal cord injury as early as possible.

17.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 720-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status and the influencing factors of influenza vaccination during the COVID-19 pandemic among community-dwelling elderly in Shanghai.Methods:A questionnaire survey on influenza vaccination among community-dwelling elderly was conducted in Shanghai Taikang elderly community in November 2020. The information on demographic characteristics, reasons for refusal of vaccination, and measures for increasing vaccination rates were collected. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between influenza vaccination and sociodemographic and health-related characteristics.Results:Among 520 respondents, the vaccination rate was 30.58% (159/520). Compared with unvaccinated group, elderly in vaccinated group was older ( t=16.04, P=0.003)and more educated(χ2=8.16, P=0.043). The elderly with comorbid heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tumor, asthma, Parkinson′s disease were likely to have vaccination ( OR=1.45, 2.16, 1.23, 1.64, 5.83; all P<0.05).The reasons for the elderly not to be vaccinated were concerns of side effects (46.26%, 167/361), lack of doctors′ recommendations (24.10%, 87/361), and unnecessary for people with good health conditions (19.39%, 70/361). The independent factors of influenza vaccine awareness rate were healthcare providers′ recommendations ( OR=9.18, 95% CI:5.47-16.32), vaccination at home( OR=11.79, 95% CI:6.87-21.66),vaccination available in community( OR=8.08, 95% CI:8.08-15.45),the mandatory requirement ( OR=4.61,95% CI:4.61-10.11),free of charge( OR=7.48, 95% CI:4.08-15.12). Conclusion:Influenza vaccination coverage among the elderly in Shanghai is still low even during the COVID-19 pandemic. Policy interventions, awareness education and strengthening the primary healthcare resources may contribute to achieving a high influenza vaccine coverage rate in the community-dwelling elderly

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1174-1178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956969

ABSTRACT

Adjuvant radiotherapy has become an important part of the standard treatment for breast cancer. Compared with the traditional postoperative radiotherapy, neoadjuvant radiotherapy has the theoretical advantages of more accurate target delineation, optimization of radiation strategy for breast reconstruction, increase of breast conservation surgery with tumor down-staging and avoiding breast surgery by improving pathological complete response rate, which have been confirmed by recent clinical research. Prospective studies are still needed for the optimal target delineation, dose fractionation, radiation-surgery interval, and combination with systemic therapies, aiming to provide the optimal treatment option for patients with early breast cancer.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 791-796, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the epidemiological characteristics of patients with electrical burn at different voltages complicated by cerebral trauma, so as to provide a basis for improving the treatment level of such injury.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 480 patients with electrical burn complicated by cerebral trauma treated in Qingdao Municipal Hospital affiliated to Qingdao University from January 2001 to December 2019. According to the voltage intensity, the patients were divided into low voltage group (injury voltage<1 kV, n=295) and high voltage group (injury voltage≥1 kV, n=185). Gender, age, status of burn and other general data of all patients were collected. The clinical manifestations, consciousness [Glasgow coma scale (GCS)], imaging findings, treatment, prognosis [Glasgow outcome scale (GOS)] and complications were compared between the two groups. Results:(1) Gender and age: the male to female ratio was 5.4∶1.0; the peak age of onset occurred at 18-60 years, accounting for 302 patients (62.9%); the status of burn: the burn area ranged from 1%-78% [(20.0±4.0)%] total body surface area (TBSA), with the current outlet located at the head in 321 patients. (2) Clinical manifestations: consciousness disorders accounted for the highest proportion, with 295 patients (100%) in low voltage group and 185 patients (100%) in high voltage group, followed by headache which occurred in 178 patients (60.3%) in low voltage group and 115 patients (62.2%) in high voltage group (all P>0.05). (3) Consciousness: 37 patients presented coma, with 17 patients (5.8%) in low voltage group and 20 patients (10.8%) in high voltage group ( P<0.05). (4) Imaging findings: CT and MRI examination found cerebral edema, skull fracture, intracranial hematoma, cerebral ischemia, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and other positive lesions. In patients with head wounds (current inlet and outlet located in the head), the incidence of cerebral trauma was 44.0% in low voltage group and 86.8% in high voltage group ( P<0.05). In patients with no head wound (the current outlet was not located in the head), the incidence of cerebral trauma was 5.3% in low voltage group and 6.3% in high voltage group ( P>0.05). In contrast with the patients without current outlet locating in the head, there were three more types of cerebral trauma in patients with current outlet locating in the head, including skull fracture, intracranial hematoma and subarachnoid hemorrhage. (5) Treatment, prognosis and complications: 478 patients (99.6%) received non-surgical treatment and 2 patients (0.4%) received surgical treatment. There was 1 death (0.2%) and 479 successfully treated patients (99.8%). The prognosis was good in 280 patients (94.9%), moderately disabled in 13(4.4%) and severely disabled in 2(0.7%) in low voltage group; while the prognosis was good in 143 patients (77.3%), moderately disabled in 30(16.2%), severely disabled in 11(5.9%) and death in 1(0.5%) in high voltage group (all P<0.01). After discharge, the incidence of numbness, paresthesia and anxiety was significantly higher in low voltage group than that in high voltage group (all P<0.01). Conclusions:Male patients with electrical burn complicated by cerebral trauma are more than female patients, with the young and middle-aged population being at high risk. Disturbance of consciousness and headache are the main clinical manifestations. The incidence of high voltage coma is relatively higher. Compared with low voltage-induced electrical burn, the patients with high voltage-induced electrical burn complicated by cerebral trauma (current inlet and outlet located at the head) sustain more severe and extensive injury. Early and active CT or MRI examination is conducive to definite diagnosis. Non-surgical treatment is the main treatment. Compared with high voltage-induced electrical burn, the patients with low voltage-induced electrical burn complicated by cerebral trauma have significantly better prognosis, but are more likely to develop complications of numbness, paresthesia and anxiety.

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Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 878-881, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of post competency oriented interactive teaching in clinical teaching of blood purification.Methods:A total of 80 interns from the blood purification center of our hospital were selected from May 2019 to August 2020, and they were randomly divided into two groups. The control group ( n=40) were taught by routine clinical teaching, and the observation group ( n=40) was taught by interactive teaching based on the post competency. They were both taught for 3 months. The theoretical and practical assessment results of the two groups after teaching, the post competency before and after the teaching, and the satisfaction with the teaching were compared. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The theoretical and practical assessment scores of the observation group after teaching were higher than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (theoretical assessment: t=4.01, P<0.05; practical assessment: t=3.94, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in effective communication ability score ( t=1.31, P=0.193), adaptability and coping ability ( t=1.25, P=0.216), autonomous learning and self-improvement ability ( t=0.93, P=0.356), and management ability score ( t=0.76, P=0.451). After teaching, the competency scores of the above-mentioned positions in the two groups were improved compared with those before teaching, and the scores of the observation group were higher than those of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (effective communication ability: t=12.60, 6.63, P<0.05; adaptability and coping ability: t=11.21, 6.44, P<0.05; autonomous learning and self-improvement ability: t=10.80, 5.78, P<0.05; management ability score: t= 12.42, 6.79, P<0.05). There were significant differences in the distribution of satisfaction with teaching ( t=6.90, P=0.007) of the two groups of interns, and the total satisfaction rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group ( t=6.49, P=0.011). Conclusion:The application of post competency oriented interactive teaching in clinical teaching of blood purification internship can not only improve the appraisal results of interns, enhance their post competency, but also improve the teaching satisfaction.

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