Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 233
Filter
1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 276-284, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929185

ABSTRACT

We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of single-course initial regimens in patients with low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). In this trial (NCT01823315), 276 patients were analyzed. Patients were allocated to three initiated regimens: single-course methotrexate (MTX), single-course MTX + dactinomycin (ACTD), and multi-course MTX (control arm). The primary endpoint was the complete remission (CR) rate by initial drug(s). The primary CR rate was 64.4% with multi-course MTX in the control arm. For the single-course MTX arm, the CR rate was 35.8% by one course; it increased to 59.3% after subsequent multi-course MTX, with non-inferiority to the control (difference -5.1%,95% confidence interval (CI) -19.4% to 9.2%, P = 0.014). After further treatment with multi-course ACTD, the CR rate (93.3%) was similar to that of the control (95.2%, P = 0.577). For the single-course MTX + ACTD arm, the CR rate was 46.7% by one course, which increased to 89.1% after subsequent multi-course, with non-inferiority (difference 24.7%, 95% CI 12.8%-36.6%, P < 0.001) to the control. It was similar to the CR rate by MTX and further ACTD in the control arm (89.1% vs. 95.2%, P =0.135). Four patients experienced recurrence, with no death, during the 2-year follow-up. We demonstrated that chemotherapy initiation with single-course MTX may be an alternative regimen for patients with low-risk GTN.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Dactinomycin/adverse effects , Female , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/drug therapy , Humans , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the onset and recurrence characteristics of noncardiogenic ischemic stroke patients in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective, multicenter and registry study was carried out in 2,558 patients at 7 representative clinical sub-centers during November 3, 2016 to February 17, 2019. A questionnaire was used to collect information of patients regarding CM syndromes and constitutions and associated risk factors. Additionally, stroke recurrence was defined as a primary outcome indicator.@*RESULTS@#A total of 327 (12.78 %) patients endured recurrence events, 1,681 (65.72%) were men, and the average age was 63.33 ± 9.45 years. Totally 1,741 (68.06%) patients suffered first-ever ischemic stroke, 1,772 (69.27%) patients reported to have hypertension, and 1,640 (64.11%) of them reported dyslipidemia, 1,595 (62.35%) patients exhibited small-artery occlusion by The Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) classification. Specifically, 1,271 (49.69%) patients were considered as qi-deficient constitution, and 1,227 (47.97%) patients were determined as stagnant blood constitution. There were 1,303 (50.94%) patients diagnosed as blood stasis syndrome, 1,280 (50.04%) patients exhibited phlegm and dampness syndrome and 1,012 (39.56%) patients demonstrated qi deficiency syndrome. And 1,033 (40.38%) patients declared intracranial artery stenosis, and 478 (18.69%) patients reported carotid artery stenosis. The plaque in 1,508 (41.36%) patients were of mixed. Particularly, 41.09% of them demonstrated abnormal levels of glycated hemoglobin levels.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Recurrence in minor and small-artery stroke cannot be ignored. Hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal HbA1c, intracranial artery stenosis and carotid plaque were more common in stroke patients. Particularly, phlegm-dampness and blood stasis syndromes, as well as qi deficiency and blood stasis constitutions, were still the main manifestations of stroke. (Trial registration at ClinicalTrials.gov No. NCT03174535).


Subject(s)
Aged , Constriction, Pathologic , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Hypertension , Ischemic Stroke , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Stroke/epidemiology , Syndrome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic and predictive value of ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM) in premature infants with hemodynamic significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA).Methods:A total of 165 preterm infants with gestational age less than 34 weeks and within 72 hours after birth in the Neonatal Medical Center of Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the echocardiograph (ECHO) results within 72 hours after birth, clinical manifestations and oral administration of Ibuprofen, premature infants were divided into non-patent ductus arteriosus (non-PDA group, 77 cases), non-hsPDA group (59 cases), and hsPDA group (29 cases). USCOM was performed within half of an hour after ECHO.During the course of oral medication of Ibuprofen in the hsPDA group, USCOM was repeatedly examined every 24 hours.ECHO and USCOM were re-examined within 24 hours after the course of oral medication of ibuprofen.Results:Compared with non-hsPDA group and non-PDA group, the gestational age [(31.51±1.62) weeks, (32.09±1.27) weeks vs.(30.82±1.61) weeks, F=8.425, P<0.001], birth weight [(1 154.49±192.55) g, (1 195.58±182.02) g vs.(1 094.66±153.69) g, F=3.366, P=0.037] and the mean blood pressure [(38.37±2.20) mmHg, (38.53±2.37) mmHg vs.(30.52±2.31) mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, F=142.860, P<0.001]were significantly lower in hsPDA group.On the contrary, the heart rate[(129.68±7.11) times/min, (130.34±7.27) times/min vs.(164.76±7.65) times/min, F=271.790, P<0.001], B-type natriuretic peptide[(203.76±108.68) ng/L, (152.43±54.24) ng/L vs.(3 385.31±856.26) ng/L, F=931.30, P<0.001] and left artrium/aorta (1.32±0.12, 1.29±0.09 vs.1.60±0.12, F=84.970, P<0.001)were significantly higher.Among the USCOM parameters, left ventricular cardiac output [(0.40±0.08) L/min, (0.40±0.08) L/min vs.(0.51±0.04) L/min, F=26.760, P<0.001], cardiac index (CI) [(3.76±0.48) L/(min·m 2), (3.54±0.30) L/(min·m 2) vs.(4.43±0.36) L/(min·m 2), F=56.060, P<0.001], stroke volume[(3.75±0.28) mL, (3.70±0.23) mL vs.(4.22±0.36)mL, F=40.170, P<0.001], stroke volume index [(34.42±2.66) mL/m 2, (34.47±3.29) mL/m 2vs.(38.45±3.32) mL/m 2, F=20.080, P<0.001], peak ejection velocity [(1.12±0.12) m/s, (1.11±0.10) m/s vs.(1.23±0.09) m/s, F=14.890, P<0.001] and corrected flow time [(379.02±22.69) ms, (376.51±27.95) ms vs.(403.69±39.04) ms, F=10.120, P<0.001]were significantly higher in hsPDA group, while systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) [(1 109.49±115.67) ds·cm -5·m 2, (1 070.01±133.55) ds·cm -5·m 2vs.(861.31±115.22) ds cm -5m 2, F=41.130, P<0.001]was significantly lower than that of non-hsPDA and non-PDA group.The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of CI and SVRI for predicting hsPDA were 0.916 and 0.905, respectively.The sensitivity and specificity of CI>4.05 L/(min·m 2) for predicting hsPDA was 0.828 and 0.860, respectively, which was 0.660 and 1.000 for SVRI<1 002.5 ds·cm -5·m 2.The sensitivity and specificity of combining CI and SVRI for predicting hsPDA was 0.966 and 0.949, respectively. Conclusions:USCOM has a good diagnostic and predictive value for hsPDA in premature infants.The combined application of CI and SVRI can improve the predictive value, and help formulate the early diagnostic and treatment strategy for PDA in premature infants

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873699

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the effectiveness of the artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis and treatment system in distinguishing benign and malignant lung nodules and the infiltration degree. Methods    Clinical data of 87 patients with pulmonary nodules admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from January 2019 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 33 males aged 55.1±10.4 years, and 54 females aged 54.5±14.1 years. A total of 90 nodules were included, which were divided into a malignant tumor group (n=80) and a benign lesion group (n=10), and the malignant tumor group was subdivided into an invasive adenocarcinoma group (n=60) and a non-invasive adenocarcinoma group (n=20). The malignant probability and doubling time of each group were compared and its ability to predict the benign and malignant nodules and the invasion degree was analyzed. Results    Between the malignant tumor group and the benign lesion group, the malignant probability was significantly different, and the malignant probability could better distinguish malignant nodules and benign lesions (87.2%±9.1% vs. 28.8%±29.0%, P=0.000). The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.949. The maximum diameter of nodules in the benign lesion group was significantly longer than that in the malignant tumor group (1.270±0.481 cm vs. 0.990±0.361 cm, P=0.026); the doubling time of benign lesions was significantly longer than that of malignant nodules (1 083.600±258.180 d vs. 527.025±173.176 d, P=0.000), and the AUC was 0.975. The maximum diameter of the nodule in the invasive adenocarcinoma group was longer than that of the non-invasive adenocarcinoma group (1.350±0.355 cm vs. 0.863±0.271 cm, P=0.000), and there was no statistical difference in the probability of malignancy between the invasive adenocarcinoma group and the non-invasive adenocarcinoma group (89.7%±5.7% vs. 86.4%±9.9%, P=0.082). The AUC was 0.630. The doubling time of the invasive adenocarcinoma group was significantly shorter than that of the non-invasive adenocarcinoma group (392.200±138.050 d vs. 571.967±160.633 d, P=0.000), and the AUC was 0.829. Conclusion    The malignant probability and doubling time of lung nodules calculated by the artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis and treatment system can be used in the assessment of the preoperative benign and malignant lung nodules and the infiltration degree.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904647

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the efficacy of artificial intelligence (AI) detection on pulmonary nodule compared with multidisciplinary team (MDT) in regional medical center. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 102 patients with lung nodules in the Xiamen Fifth Hospital from April to December 2020. There were 57 males and 45 females at age of 36-90 (48.8±11.6) years. The preoperative chest CT was imported into AI system to record the detected lung nodules. The detection rate of pulmonary nodules by AI system was calculated, and the sensitivity, specificity of AI in the different diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary was calculated and compared with manual film reading by MDT. Results    A total of 322 nodules were detected by AI software system, and 305 nodules were manually detected by physicians (P<0.05). Among them, 113 pulmonary nodules were diagnosed by pathologist. Thirty-eight of 40 lung cancer nodules were AI high-risk nodules, the sensitivity was 95.0%, and 25 of 73 benign nodules were AI high-risk nodules, the specificity was 65.8%. Lung cancer nodules were correctly diagnosed by MDT, but  benign nodules were still considered as  lung cancer at the first diagnosis in 10 patients. Conclusion    AI assisted diagnosis system has strong performance in the detection of pulmonary nodules, but it can not content itself with clinical needs in the differentiation of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules. The artificial intelligence system can be used as an auxiliary tool for MDT to detect pulmonary nodules in regional medical center.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904643

ABSTRACT

@#As an emerging technology, artificial intelligence (AI) uses human theory and technology for robots to study, develop, learn and identify human technologies. Thoracic surgeons should be aware of new opportunities that may affect their daily practice by the direct use of AI technology, or indirect use in the relevant medical fields (radiology, pathology, and respiratory medicine). The purpose of this paper is to review the application status and future development of AI associated with thoracic surgery, diagnosis of AI-related lung cancer, prognosis-assisted decision-making programs and robotic surgery. While AI technology has made rapid progress in many areas, the medical industry only accounts for a small part of AI use, and AI technology is gradually becoming widespread in the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and care of diseases. The future of AI is bright and full of innovative perspectives. The field of thoracic surgery has conducted valuable exploration and practice on AI, and will receive more and more influence and promotion from AI.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904621

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the impact of water pollutants, water levels and meteorological factors on the Oncomelania hupensis density in Eastern Dongting Lake regions, so as to provide insights into schistosomiasis control. Methods O. hupensis snails were surveyed using a systematic sampling method in snail-infested marshlands in Eastern Dongting Lake regions from 2007 to 2014, and data pertaining to water pollutants, water levels and meteorological factors were collected. The duration of submergence and the date of the start of submergence were calculated. The snail density and its influencing factors were descriptively analyzed, and a linear mixed model was generated to examine the impacts of variables on the snail density. In addition, smooth curves were fitted to investigate the relationship between snail density and variables. Results The snail density appeared a fluctuation in Eastern Dongting Lake regions during the period from 2007 to 2014, with the highest density on October, 2010 (52.79 snails/0.1 m2) and the lowest density on January 2009 (2.15 snails/0.1 m2). Linear mixed-model analysis showed that permanganate index, total phosphorus and the date of the start of submergence affected the snail density (t = 6.386, −2.920 and −3.892, all P values < 0.01). Smooth curve analysis revealed that the associations of the snail density with the permanganate index and total phosphorus appeared an approximately quadratic curve. After the end of April, the earlier date of the start of submergence resulted in a higher snail density. Conclusion Permenganate index, total phosphorus and the date of the start of submergence affect the O. hupensis snail density in Eastern Dongting Lake regions.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921722

ABSTRACT

The editorial group of the clinical practice guideline for postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)(hereinafter referred to as "guideline") is composed of experts specialized in TCM orthopedics, TCM gynecology, clinical epidemiology, etc. The guideline was formulated through registration, collection and selection of clinical issues/outcome indicators, evidence retrieval and screening, preparation of systematic reviews, evaluation of evidence quality, formation of recommendations, drafting, and peer review. The syndromes and treatment of PMOP are elaborated in detail. Specifically, Liuwei Dihuang Pills and Zuogui Pills are recommended for PMOP with Yin deficiency in the liver and kidney, Qing'e Pills for PMOP with kidney deficiency and blood stasis, Yougui Pills and Jingui Shenqi Pills for PMOP with Yang deficiency in the spleen and kidney, and Er'xian Decoction for PMOP with Yin and Yang deficiency in the kidney. In addition, Duhuo Jisheng Decoction can be used to relieve pain. The commonly used Chinese patent medicines include Xianling Gubao Capsules, Qianggu Capsules, Jintiange Capsules, Gushukang Capsules, Hugu Capsules, Jinwu Gutong Capsules, and Guyuling Capsules. Acupuncture and moxibustion are also effective approaches for PMOP. The rehabilitation and daily management were carried out by exercise therapies such as Baduanjin(eight-section brocade), Wuqinxi(five-animal exercises), and Taijiquan(Tai Chi), Chinese medicine diet, health education, and fall prevention. The promotion and application of this guideline will facilitate the implementation of TCM prevention and treatment of PMOP, ensure the quality of life of PMOP patients, provide effective and safe TCM treatment measures for PMOP, and reduce the risk of fracture complications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Yin Deficiency
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1387-1393, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921063

ABSTRACT

There are some common problems in the systematic review and meta-analysis on acupuncture-moxibustion, e.g. indistinct definition and errors in methodology. In order to further improve the quality of relevant literature, in association with the characteristics of acupuncture-moxibustion, based on the framework of PICOS (P: population, I: interventions, C: comparisons, O: outcomes, S: study designs), the paper explores how to construct specific research questions. In methodology, the paper analyzes the common problems from five aspects, including literature retrieval, bias assessment, analysis and interpretation of results, selection of other types of meta-analysis and the update of methodology. Based on the analysis above, the paper discusses the corresponding countermeasures.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Records , Research Design
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1295-1300, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888555

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristic of coagulation, possible causes and countermeasures of patients with severe corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of the 142 patients diagnosed as COVID-19 at Wuhan Third Hospital in Wuhan, China, from February 10 to February 16, 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospective. Among the patients, 17 cases of dead patients were divided into observe group, and 125 cases of cured patients were divided into control group. The clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, influencing factors, anticoagulant therapy, embolization and bleeding events of the two groups were observed.@*RESULTS@#The average hospital stay time in 142 patients was 22 d. For the 17 dead patients in the observe group, the average hospital stay time was 9.9 d, and the D-dimer, prothrombin time, WBC count and Padua score of the patients in the observe group were significantly higher as compared with the patients in the control group. PT(OR=1.064, 95%CI 1.012-1.119) and D-D(OR=1.045, 95%CI 1.027-1.064) were the independent risk factors that causing the death of COVID-19 patients. Among the patients, 36(25.4%) patients received low-molecular-weight heparin for anticoagulant therapy, with the average course of 9.6 d. The cumulative incidence of the embolism of the patients in the observe group was 7(41.2%), while 2(11.8%) patients developed to deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), 3 (17.6%) patients occurred acute cerebral infarction and 2 (11.8%) patients occurred acute myocardial infarction. 3 (17.6%) dead patients revealed dominant disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).@*CONCLUSION@#Most patients with severe COVID-19 shows a variety of risk factors for thrombus, and those with coagulation dysfunction shows a high dead rate and rapid disease progression. Therefore, coagulation indicators should be dynamically monitored, and mechanical and drug prevention should be actively carried out.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants , COVID-19 , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Humans , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 630-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886795

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common complications after liver transplantation. The survival rate of recipients after liver transplantation with diabetes mellitus and the long-term survival rate of grafts are significantly lower than those of their counterparts without diabetes mellitus. In recent years, diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation has attracted widespread attention along with the rapid development of liver transplantation in China. Although post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) has been extensively investigated in the past two decades, multiple problems remain to be further resolved. The study was designed to review the latest research progress upon diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation, covering the definition and diagnostic criteria of PTDM, risk factors, prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation, aiming to deepen the understanding of diabetes mellitus following liver transplantation, deliver effective prevention and management, improve the long-term survival rate and enhance the quality of life of the recipients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884582

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy has been proven to enhance tumor-specific immune response and provide targets for immune drugs. Immune checkpoint inhibitors represented by PD-1/PD-L1 combined with radiotherapy can enhance anti-tumor activity and exert abscopal effect. In this article, research progress on the basic study and clinical trials and challenges of radiotherapy combined with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in the treatment of breast cancer were reviewed.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881206

ABSTRACT

@# The informatization construction in medical field not only brings convenience to clinical doctors, but also creates huge data for clinical research. Taking the application of information technology in thoracic surgery as an example, we decide to talk about the establishment and application of esophageal cancer database based on standardized and structured electronic medical records. The aim, through the construction of database, is to improve clinical doctors’ management ability of esophageal cancer, to provide reference of the information construction to medical colleagues, and to promote the application of information in medicine.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879091

ABSTRACT

NAC(NAM/ATAF/CUC) protein plays an important role in plant growth and development, secondary cell wall formation and stress response. In this study, based on the sequencing data of Angelica dahurica, the NAC family was systematically analyzed using bioinformatics methods and its expression pattern was analyzed. Studies showed that 75 candidate genes had been selected from the NAC transcription factor family of A. dahurica, with the protein size of 148-641, all of which were unstable hydrophilic proteins. Most NAC proteins were localized in the nucleus, and had complete NAC domain. Phylogenetic analysis of NAC family proteins of A.dahurica and Arabidopsis thaliana showed that among the 17 subfamilies, NAC members were unevenly distributed in each subfamily, indicating that the evolution of species is developing in multiple directions. Among them, ANAC063 subfamily contained no NAC sequence of A. dahurica, which might be due to the functional evolution of the species. Analysis of protein transmembrane structure and signal peptide showed that NAC transcription factor could carry out transmembrane transportation, but its signal peptide function had not been found. Expression analysis showed that most transcription factors responded to abiotic stress and hormones to varying degrees, and the effects of hormones were obvious, especially ABA and IAA. In different organs of A. dahurica, most members of the NAC family had higher expression in root phloem, followed by root xylem. This study lays a foundation for further research on the function of A. dahurica NAC transcription factor and for solving the biological problems of A. dahurica.


Subject(s)
Angelica , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Stress, Physiological , Transcription Factors/metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846660

ABSTRACT

Objective: To improve the quality control level of ethanol extraction process of Corydalis Rhizoma (CR) by using quality by design (QbD), so as to meet the extraction requirements of Kedaling Tablets. Methods: The critical process parameters were solvent multiple, extraction time and soaking time, and the critical quality attributes were dry extract rate, content and transfer rate of dehydrocorydaline. The response surface methodology was used to establish the mathematical model between the critical process parameters and the critical quality attributes. The overlapping design space of multiple index design spaces was established to select the optimal operation space, where the process verification was carried out. Results: The operating space parameters of ethanol extraction of CR was 14-24 h of the immersion time, 3.0-4.0 times of the first time solvent multiple, 1.5-2.0 times of the second and third time solvent multiple, and 1.5-2.5 h of the extraction time. Under this operating space, the extraction yield of CR was ranged from 6%-8%, the content of dehydrocorydaline was more than 2.8%, and the transfer rate was not less than 85%. Conclusion: The concept of QbD is helpful to improve the ethanol extraction process of CR, and to obtain a reliable and suitable extraction operation space for the production of Kedaling Tablets.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2146-2150, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829722

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the effect of IOP of emmetropes and different types of myopia induced by accommodation.<p>METHODS: A descriptive study. A total of 88 volunteers were included from January to April 2018. Among them, 28(28 eyes)were in the emmetropia group, 60(60 eyes)were in the myopia group, and the myopia group was divided into stable myopia group(myopia progression is less than or equal to 0.50D per year in the past two years)and progressive myopia group(myopia progression is greater than 0.50D per year in the past two years)according to the refractive stability. Meanwhile, the myopia group was also divided into three groups according to the degree of myopia: low myopia group(-0.5D≤SE<-3D), moderate myopia group(-3D≤SE<-6D)and high myopia group(SE≥-6D). A rebound tonometer was used to measure the IOPs of all subjects while relaxed(0D)and accommodated(3D). Statistical analysis was performed on IOPs before and after accommodate.<p>RESULTS: There was no significant difference in IOPs among emmetropia group(16.54±2.12mmHg), stable myopia group(17.15±2.23mmHg)and progressive myopia group(16.88±2.37mmHg)when relaxed(<i>P</i>>0.05), so did the emmetropia group, low myopia group(16.41±2.21mmHg), moderate myopia group(17.11±2.27mmHg)and high myopia group(17.60±2.35mmHg)(<i>P</i>>0.05). The IOPs of progressive myopia group and high myopia group were significantly increased with 3D accommodation(<i>P</i><0.05). However, the IOPs did not drop significantly in stable myopia group, low myopia group and moderate myopia group(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Accommodation could increase the IOPs of progressing myopes and high myopes, and it suggested that the increase of IOP was related to the progression of adult myopia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828420

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the economy and applicability of Jinye Baidu Granules in the treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infection, a randomized, double-blind, positive drug parallel control clinical trial was conducted in this study. Stratified block random, double-blind and double simulation test was used. The experimental group took Jinye Baidu Granules, 10 g/time, three times a day, and Compound Shuanghua Granules placebo, 6 g/time, four times a day. The control group took Compound Shuanghua Granules, 6 g/time, 4 times a day, and Jinye Baidu Granules placebo, 10 g/time, 3 times a day. The course of treatment was 5 days. The total cost of this study included direct medical cost and indirect medical cost. The incremental cost-effect analysis method was used for evaluation. Treeage Pro software was used to build a pharmaco-economics model and make statistical analysis. Patients from 10 hospitals were divided into experimental group(304 cases) and control group(302 cases). The baseline values of age, sex ratio, clinical symptoms and signs scores, and important physical examination indexes of the two groups were compared. After 5 days of treatment, the cost per capita of the experimental group was(388.06±94.17) Yuan, and that of the control group was(378.47±95.46) Yuan. The cost of direct medical treatment per capita was(271.24±54.11) Yuan for the experimental group and(264.88±112.71) Yuan for the control group. The average cost of indirect medical treatment was(116.82±82.75) Yuan in the experimental group and(113.59±87.77) Yuan in the control group, with no significant difference in the cost of medical treatment per capita, the cost of direct medical treatment per capita and the cost of indirect medical treatment per capita between both groups. The results of incremental cost-effect analysis based on the total score difference in symptoms and signs after 5 days of treatment showed that ICER=23.39 Yuan/score, which was less than the willingness to pay 100 Yuan/score determined through expert interviews. The experimental group had economic advantages over the experimental group, with the economic probability of 53%. Sensitivity analysis supported the robustness of the results. The results of incremental cost-effect analysis based on the total recovery rate of symptoms and signs showed that compared with the experimental group, the control group had lower cost, better effect and absolute economic advantage, with a corresponding probability of 55%. Based on the above results, it is concluded that there is no significant difference in economic outcome between Jinye Baidu Gra-nules and Compound Shuanghua Granules in the treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infection.


Subject(s)
Cost-Benefit Analysis , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Marketing , Respiratory Tract Infections
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To provide clues for further study of the relationship between miRNAs and Kawasaki disease (KD) development, and to provide molecular markers for ultimately improve the rate of early diagnosis for KD.@*METHODS@#We collected acute, recovery KD children's plasma and normal samples, then used the miRNAs Assay Chip to screen the differentially expressed miRNAs in the plasma from KD children. Subsequently, miR-455-5p, which had identified via miRNAs assay chip, was validated by quantitative real-time PCR via independent cohort.@*RESULTS@#According to the results of miRNAs Assay chip, we identified a miRNAs panel including 5 miRNAs significantly up-regulated and 5 miRNAs remarkably down-regulated in the plasma from KD children compared to the normal control; miR-455-5p in both of acute and recovery KD children's plasma was remarkably lower than that in the normal control (<0.001, =0.013, respectively), and miR-455-5p was also significantly lower than that in the recovery of KD children (=0.007) by independent cohort validation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are significantly differentially expressed circulating miRNAs between the KD children and normal control. We identified 10 miRNAs dysregulation in the KD children's plasma compared with the normal group. Circulating miR-455-5p in both of acute and recovery KD children's plasma is remarkably lower than that in the normal control, and miR-455-5p may considered as a marker to show the recovery process of KD children. Plasma specific circulating miRNAs play an important role in the early diagnosis of KD and become the new molecular marker of KD in the future.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Child , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822567

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    By applying the mutual corroboration in the diagnosis, we aimed to improve the accuracy of preoperative imaging diagnosis, select the appropriate timing of operation and guide the follow-up time for patients with pulmonary nodules. Methods    Clinical data of 1 368 patients with pulmonary nodules undergoing surgical treatment in our department from July 2016 to October 2019 were summarized. There were 531 males and 837 females at age of 44 (21-67) years. The intraoperative findings, images and pathology were classified and analyzed. The imaging pathology and pathological changes of pulmonary nodules were shown as a dynamic process through mutual collaboration and interaction. Results    Of 1 368 patients with pulmonary nodules, 376 (27.5%) were pure ground-glass nodules, 729 (53.3%) were mixed ground-glass nodules and 263 (19.2%) were solid nodules. Among the pure ground-glass nodules, adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) accounted for the highest proportion (156 patients), followed by microinvasive adenocarcinoma (MIA, 90 patients), atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH, 85 patients), and benign tumors (20 patients). Among mixed ground-glass nodules, 495 patients were invasive adenocarcinoma (IA) and 207 patients of MIA. no patient was featured by AAH, AIS or MIA. Conclusion    The mutual collaboration and interaction can improve the accuracy of preoperative diagnosis of pulmonary nodules, and it supports the choice of operation timing and the judgment of follow-up time.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821623

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of water body environments on the microbial community of Oncomelania hupensis snails in marshlands of the eastern Dongting Lake where natural extinction of O. hupensis snails are found, so as to explore the correlation between the natural extinction of O. hupensis snails and the microbial community in snails. Methods Snails were caged water bodies in the Qianliang Lake marshland (Qianliang Lake regions) where natural extinction of snails was found and in the Junshan Park marshland (Junshan Park regions) in the eastern Dongting Lake for 30 days, and then all snails were collected and identified for survival or death. DNA sequencing of the fungi and bacteria was performed in snails before and after immersion in waters, and the biodiversity and abundance were analyzed. Results The survival rates of O. hupensis snails were 28.0% (70/250) and 64.8% (162/250) in Qianliang Lake regions and Junshan Park regions 30 days after immersion in waters, respectively (χ2 = 81.365, P < 0.01). The number of the fungal community and the biodiversity of the bacterial community were both greater in snails caged in Qianliang Lake regions post-immersion than pre-immersion, and there was a significant difference in the structure of the fungal and bacterial communities. The microbial community with a significant difference included Flavobacteriaceae,which was harmful to O. hupensis snails. Conclusion The water body environment affects the composition of the microbial community in O. hupensis snails in marshlands with natural snail distinction around the eastern Dongting Lake; however, further studies are required to investigate whether the natural distinction of snails is caused by water body environments-induced changes of the microbial spectrum in O. hupensis snails.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL