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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2017-2021, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the bioequivalence and safety of two k inds of Nadroparin calcium injection in healthy Chinese volunteers by subcutaneous injection. METHODS According to the block randomization method ,24 Chinese healthy adult volunteers were included and divided into TR (test preparation-reference preparation )group and RT (reference preparation-test preparation)group at a ratio of 1∶1. A randomized ,open-labelled,single-dose and two-cycle crossover study was designed ,the fasting subjects of two groups were given test or reference preparation 6 150 AⅩaIU subcutaneously on the first day of each cycle and exchanged in the second cycle ,and the wash-out period was 7 days. The blood samples were collected at different time points before and after administration. The activity of anti-coagulant factor Ⅹa(Anti-Ⅹa)and Anti- Ⅱa in human plasma were determined by chromogenic substrate method ,and the pharmacodynamic parameters were calculated according to the non-atrioventricular model and the bioequivalence was evaluated. The occurrence of adverse events (AEs)was recorded. RESULTS After administration ,the main pharmacodynamic parameters for Anti- Ⅹa activity of test preparation and reference preparation were as follows :t1/2 were(4.87±1.06) and(4.03±1.00)h,tmax were 4.50(2.00,8.00)and 5.50(2.50,8.00)h,Anti-Ⅹamax were(0.66±0.12)and(0.56±0.11)IU/mL;main pharmacodynamic parameters of Anti- Ⅱa activity of two preparations were as follows :t1/2 were(3.64±1.60)and(5.74±7.23)h,tmax were 4.00(2.50,8.00)and 4.00(2.00,8.00)h,Anti-Ⅱamax were both (0.10±0.03)IU/mL. The values of 90%confidence interval of geometric mean ratio of Anti- Ⅹamax,AUEC0-t and AUEC 0-∞ were 110.98%-123.50%,112.11%-121.24%and 111.57%-120.00%, respectively. During experiment ,14 subjects reported 19 cases of mild AEs ,among which hematoma ,purpura and maculopapular rash may be related to drugs ;no serious AEs were observed. CONCLUSIONS The domestic Nadroparin calcium injection is bioequivalent to the reference preparation ,and both of them show good safety.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2146-2152, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936563

ABSTRACT

The quality control and evaluation methods of Schizonepeta tenuifolia were established by HPLC fingerprint, multi index component content determination and chemical pattern recognition to provide basis for the quality control of medicinal materials. The chemical components of 25 batches of Schizonepeta tenuifolia panicle medicinal materials and decoction pieces collected were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography, and the common pattern of fingerprint was established. A total of 22 common chromatographic peaks were calibrated, and their similarity was more than 0.9. The samples were divided into three categories according to different producing areas by cluster analysis. The results of principal component analysis and cluster analysis were consistent. Finally, five differential markers of different batches of Schizonepeta tenuifolia were selected by orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. Through the identification of the reference substance, it was determined that peak 9 was hesperidin, peak 10 was rosmarinic acid, peak 13 was tilianin, peak 14 was quercetin, and peak 20 was pulegone. The quality evaluation method established in this study is stable and reliable, and is suitable for the quality control of Schizonepeta tenuifolia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923444

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To compare the pain relief and rehabilitation effect of intercostal nerve block and conventional postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery. Methods     China National Repository, Wanfang Database, VIP, China Biomedical Literature Database, Web of Science, Clinicaltrials.gov, Cochrane Library, EMbase and PubMed were searched from establishment of each database to 10 Febraray, 2022. Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of intercostal nerve block in thoracoscopic surgery were collected, and meta-analysis was conducted after data extraction and quality evaluation of the studies meeting the inclusion criteria. Results     A total of 21 RCTs and one semi-randomized study were identified, including 1 542 patients. Performance bias was the main bias risk. Intercostal nerve block had a significant effect on postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score at 12 h after surgery (MD=–1.45, 95%CI –1.88 to –1.02, P<0.000 01), VAS score at 24 h after surgery (MD=–1.28, 95%CI –1.67 to –0.89, P<0.000 01), and VAS score at 48 h after surgery  significantly decreased (MD=–0.90, 95%CI –1.22 to –0.58, P<0.000 01). In exercise or cough state, VAS score at 24 h after surgery (MD=–2.40, 95%CI –2.66 to –2.14, P<0.000 01) and at 48 h after surgery decreased significantly (MD=–1.89, 95%CI –2.09 to –1.69, P<0.000 01). In the intercostal nerve block group, the number of compression of the intravenous analgesic automatic pump on the second day after surgery significantly reduced (SMD=–0.78, 95%CI –1.29 to –0.27, P=0.003). In addition to the analgesic pump, the amount of additional opioids significantly reduced (SMD=–2.05, 95%CI –3.65 to –0.45, P=0.01). Postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia was reduced (SMD=–3.23, 95%CI –6.44 to –0.01, P=0.05). Patient satisfaction was significantly improved (RR=1.31, 95%CI 1.17 to 1.46, P<0.01). Chest tube indwelling time was significantly shortened (SMD=–0.64, 95%CI –0.84 to –0.45, P<0.001). The incidence of analgesia-related adverse reactions was significantly reduced (RR=0.43, 95%CI 0.33 to 0.56, P<0.000 01). Postoperative complications were significantly reduced (RR=0.28, 95%CI 0.18 to 0.44, P<0.000 01). Two studies showed that the length of hospital stay was significantly shortened in the intercostal nerve block group, which was statistically different (P≤0.05), and there was no statistical difference in one report. Conclusion     The relief of acute postoperative pain and pain in the movement state is more prominent after intercostal nerve block. Intercostal nerve block is relatively safe and conforms to the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery, which can be extensively utilized in clinical practice.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923031

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of the contents of 7 components of chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, paeoniflorin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, baicalin, baicalein, and wogonin in Piqin oral liquid. Methods A double-wavelength HPLC method was performed. The column was Agilent Zorbax SB-C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase was 0.02% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) gradient elution; Flow rate: 1.0 ml/min; Column temperature: 35℃; Injection volume: 20 μl; Detection wavelength: 0-18.0 min, 325 nm (detect chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid); 18.0-65.0 min, 280 nm (detect paeoniflorin, baicalin, baicalein, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, wogonin). Results The chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, paeoniflorin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, baicalin, baicalein and wogonin were completely separated. Seven components have a good linear relationship between the peak area and concentration, with the recoveries between 96.41% and 99.70%. Conclusion This method is simple, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for the quality control of Piqin oral liquid.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929246

ABSTRACT

Three new ursane-type triterpenoids, 3-oxours-12-en-20, 28-olide (1), 3β-hydroxyurs-12-en-20, 28-olide (2) and 3β-hydroxyurs-11, 13(18)-dien-20, 28-olide (3), were isolated from a potent anti-inflammatory and antibacterial fraction of the ethanolic extract of Rosmarinus officinalis. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments, MS data and comparisons with literature reports. Compounds 1-3 exhibited significantly inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated mouse RAW264.7 macrophages, but no antibacterial activity was found at a concentration of 128 μg·mL-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Mice , Molecular Structure , Rosmarinus , Triterpenes/chemistry
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929060

ABSTRACT

Plant metabolites are important for plant development and human health. Plants of celery (Apiumgraveolens L.) with different-colored petioles have been formed in the course of long-term evolution. However, the composition, content distribution, and mechanisms of accumulation of metabolites in different-colored petioles remain elusive. Using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS), 1159 metabolites, including 100 lipids, 72 organic acids and derivatives, 83 phenylpropanoids and polyketides, and several alkaloids and terpenoids, were quantified in four celery cultivars, each with a different petiole color. There were significant differences in the types and contents of metabolites in celery with different-colored petioles, with the most striking difference between green celery and purple celery, followed by white celery and green celery. Annotated analysis of metabolic pathways showed that the metabolites of the different-colored petioles were significantly enriched in biosynthetic pathways such as anthocyanin, flavonoid, and chlorophyll pathways, suggesting that these metabolic pathways may play a key role in determining petiole color in celery. The content of chlorophyll in green celery was significantly higher than that in other celery cultivars, yellow celery was rich in carotenoids, and the content of anthocyanin in purple celery was significantly higher than that in the other celery cultivars. The color of the celery petioles was significantly correlated with the content of related metabolites. Among the four celery cultivars, the metabolites of the anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway were enriched in purple celery. The results of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) suggested that the differential expression of the chalcone synthase (CHS) gene in the anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway might affect the biosynthesis of anthocyanin in celery. In addition, HPLC analysis revealed that cyanidin is the main pigment in purple celery. This study explored the differences in the types and contents of metabolites in celery cultivars with different-colored petioles and identified key substances for color formation. The results provide a theoretical basis and technical support for genetic improvement of celery petiole color.


Subject(s)
Anthocyanins , Apium/metabolism , Chlorophyll/metabolism , Color , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Humans , Metabolomics , Plant Proteins/genetics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907164

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide direction for the improvement of quality control of hospital preparations and ensure the safety for clinical use by analyzing the hospital preparation deviations in recent three years. Methods A retrospective analysis on 59 minor hospital preparation deviations from 2017 to 2019 was conducted. Brainstorming, fishbone drawing and, Minitab software were used to analyze the root causes of deviations from five aspects: personnel, machine, materials, methods and environment. The preventive and corrective measures were implemented. The results were evaluated. Results 1 significant deviation (1.7%), 24 major deviation (40.7%), and 34 minor deviation (57.6%) were identified among the 59 casses of preparation deviation. With the implementation of preventive and corrective measures, the total number of deviations in 2018 was significantly reduced compared to that in 2017. The total number of deviations in 2019 was about the same as that in 2018. The human factors need to be focused. Conclusion The pharmaceutical preparation deviations in our hospital have been reduced. The further quality improvements for pharmaceutical preparations will be carried out by following the regulations of pharmaceutical production quality management standards and pharmaceutical production supervision and administration measures.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942347

ABSTRACT

China ranks the first in the morbidity and mortality of malignant tumors in the world. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has played a crucial part in preventing recurrence of malignant tumors after surgery, enhancing efficacy and reducing toxicity of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and promoting the survival of patients with advanced tumors. According to the whole process of tumor occurrence and development and via the long-term clinical practice, we proposed the "deficiency-cold-toxin-blocking-failure evolution theory" of malignant tumors, with depression in the whole process and cancer toxin as the core. The theory is a summary of pathophysiological status at different stages of tumor development based on the disease and syndrome. This paper analyzes the biological basis of the theory. To be specific, we believe that the ''deficiency'' is mainly caused by the tumor immunoediting abnormality and thus the escape of clearance. In addition, the ''cold'' is in line with the metabolic reprogramming of the tumor microenvironment. ''Toxin'' is manifested as the stemness of cancer cells induced by the tumor microenvironment. ''Blocking'' is closely related to the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect of tumor neovasculature. ''Failure'' is exactly the cachexia caused by change of dominant metabolism. ''Depression'' is essentially stress-the accelerated progress of the neuroendocrine system. In combination with clinical practice, we conclude that method of reinforcing healthy Qi and adjusting the balance can help recover tumor immunoediting and restore the immunity to regulate the "deficiency". Moreover, replenishing Qi and warming Yang can correct the tumor metabolic programming to avoid "cold". Removing toxin and reinforcing healthy Qi can reverse tumor cell stemness and thus suppress the ''toxin''. Eliminating the ''blocking'' source can suppress tumor angiogenesis and help regulate the EPR. Regulating Yin and Yang will help relieve the change of dominant metabolism and futile cycle to avoid ''failure''. The method of relieving depression and regulating Qi can relieve neuroendocrine stress and prevent tumor progression, thus alleviating the "depression". Moreover, effect of these methods was tested with effective formulas. This study is expected to lay a foundation for the establishment of a new system for the clinical prevention and treatment of malignant tumors.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941009

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the marker genes correlated with the prognosis, progression and clinical diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on bioinformatics methods.@*METHODS@#The TCGA-LIHC, GSE84432, GSE143233 and GSE63898 datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were analyzed. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) shared by different disease types were obtained using GEO2R and edge R packages, and Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG) enrichment analyses of the DEGs were performed. The expression levels of these DEGs in normal and cancerous tissues were verified in TCGA-LIHC to identify the upregulated genes in HCC. Survival analysis, receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, and correlation analysis between the key genes and the clinical features of the patients were carried out using the R language. The differential expressions of 15 key genes were verified in clinical samples of HCC and adjacent tissues using RT-qPCR.@*RESULTS@#A total of 118 common DEGs were obtained in the database, and among them two genes, namely ATPase Na +/K + transport subunit beta 3 (ATP1B3) and actin regulator (ENAH), showed increased expressions with disease progression. Survival analysis combined with the TCGA-LIHC dataset suggested that high expressions of ATP1B3 and ENAH were both significantly correlated with a poor prognosis of HCC patients (P < 0.05), and their AUC values were 0.821 and 0.933, respectively. A high expression of ATP1B3 was correlated with T stage, pathological stage and pathological grade of the tumors (P < 0.05), while that of ENAH was associated only with an advanced tumor grade (P < 0.05). The results of RT-qPCR showed that ATP1B3 and ENAH were both significantly upregulated in clinical HCC tissues (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ATPIB3 and ENAH are both upregulated in HCC, and their high expressions may serve as biomarkers of progression of liver diseases and a poor prognosis of HCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Data Mining , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 698-704, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940909

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the efficacy and safety of emergency transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods: Data of patients who underwent emergency TAVR in eight centers, namely Fuwai Hospital, Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital, Xijing Hospital, Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, between May 2017 and December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The use of mechanical circulatory support system (MCS) and the results of laboratory tests (N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)) and echocardiography (mean aortic valve cross valve pressure difference and left ventricular ejection fraction) before and after operation were collected. The primary endpoint was all-cause death, and the secondary endpoints were stroke, major bleeding, major vascular complications, myocardial infarction, permanent pacemaker implantation, and acute renal injury. Device success was caculated, which refered to absence of procedural mortality and correct positioning of a single prosthetic heart valve into the proper anatomical location and intended performance of the prosthetic heart valve (mean aortic valve gradient<20 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) or peak velocity<3 m/s, with no moderate or severe prosthetic valve regurgitation). Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to estimate the survival rate of patients during follow-up. Results: This study included 48 patients. The age was (72.5±8.1) years, and 34 patients were males (70.8%). Device success rate was 91.7% (44/48). The mean aortic valve transvalvular pressure was significantly decreased after operation ((12.3±6.4)mmHg vs. (60.2±23.8)mmHg, P<0.000 1). Left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly increased ((41.5±11.7)% vs. (31.0±11.3)%, P<0.000 1). NT-proBNP significantly decreased (3 492.0 (1 638.8, 7 165.5) ng/L vs. 12 418.5 (6 693.8, 35 000.0) ng/L, P<0.000 1). In-hospital all-cause mortality was 8.3% (4/48). During hospitalization, the rate of stroke was 2.1% (1/48), major bleeding was 6.3% (3/48), major vascular complications was 10.4% (5/48), myocardial infarction was 4.2% (2/48), permanent pacemaker implantation was 6.3% (3/48), and the rate of acute renal injury was 12.5% (6/48). MCS was used in 20 patients (41.7%). The median follow-up time was 196 days. During the follow-up, one patient died (due to systemic metastasis of pancreatic cancer), two cases suffered new myocardial infarction and one case received permanent pacemaker implantation. The survival rate of 30 days, 1 year and 2 years after the operation were 91.7% (44/48), 89.6% (43/48), 89.6% (43/48), respectively. Conclusion: Emergency TAVR may be a safe and effective treatment for patients with severe decompensated aortic valve stenosis.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Female , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke , Stroke Volume , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940680

ABSTRACT

As one of the diseases with high incidence in China, cancer seriously endangers human health. The scientific research and clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the prevention and treatment of tumors during the Sixth Five-Year Plan period and the 13th Five-Year Plan period show that TCM has certain advantages in preventing and treating postoperative metastasis and recurrence, prolonging survival period, alleviating adverse reactions, and improving the quality of life of patients with advanced tumors. However, innovation of the TCM theoretical thinking and realization of the TCM full-cycle management are needed urgently, which limits the improvement of clinical efficacy. Malignant tumor is a truly representative of major difficult diseases. The simple mode of syndrome differentiation and treatment cannot meet the clinical needs, and thus the triple mode of disease, syndrome and symptom differentiation and treatment emerged, and has received widespread attention. However, since malignant tumors have their own characteristics of occurrence, development and evolvement, it is urgent to establish a new system of TCM differentiation and treatment for special diseases to adapt to the law of modern disease development. Therefore, on the basis of the triple mode, this paper innovatively proposed a new system of cancer prevention and treatment based on five views on differentiation and treatment in TCM, forming a new paradigm of whole-cycle, whole-chain and all-directional integrated Chinese and western medicine prevention and treatment of tumors. Specifically, time-space view: On the basis of the holistic concept and combined with the complex characteristics of different pathological types, lesion location, disease course and treatment stages of malignant tumors, the dynamic and systematic participation of TCM in the whole process of tumor treatment was brought into play from the time and space dimensions. Core view: The core pathogenesis was summarized based on the combination of disease and syndrome, and its key role in guiding differentiation and treatment of malignant tumors was emphasized. Additionally, the pathogenesis characteristics and evolvement rules of various cancer types in different stages were paid attention. Symptom view: The symptoms were ameliorated and the quality of life was improved. The current obvious contradictions of patients were solved to enhance the humanistic nature of treatment. Precision view: In combination of modern medical concepts, TCM constitutions and laboratory indicators, TCM advantages were enriched and emphasized for precise clinical positioning. Disease-before-onset view: As prevention is more important than treatment, precaution was focused on in each stage of tumors. The five views had different emphases and were interrelated, covering new understandings of the existing TCM prevention and treatment system of malignant tumors. In addition, new ideas and concepts have been introduced on the basis of the original TCM theory, which provided new strategies for the comprehensive prevention and treatment of tumors.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940581

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the protective effect of Sanhuatang and its modifications on the brain tissue of rats exposed to cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) and explore its action mechanism and compatibility characteristics. MethodOne hundred and forty SD male rats of clean grade were randomly divided into the control group, sham-operation group, and operation group. The Longa suture method was employed to establish the CIRI model. The successfully modeled CIRI rats were further divided into five groups, namely the model group, nimodipine group, Sanhuatang without Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix group, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix group, and Sanhuatang group, and treated with the corresponding medicines by gavage for five days. The cerebral infarct size in each group was examined by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, and the pathological changes in the brain tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and electron microscopy. The mRNA and protein expression levels of Claudin-5, Occludin, and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in brain tissues were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot, respectively. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group exhibited markedly increased infarct size, obvious changes in brain morphology and ultrastructure, and down-regulated mRNA and protein expression of Claudin-5, Occludin, and ZO-1 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, both nimodipine and Sanhuatang significantly decreased the infarct size (P<0.01) and relived the pathological changes. The infarct sizes in the Sanhuatang without Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix group and Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix group were reduced without exhibiting a statistically significant difference. The mRNA and protein expression levels of Claudin-5, Occludin, and ZO-1 in the nimodipine group, Sanhuatang group, and Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix group were up-regulated significantly in comparison with those in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.01). The mRNA and protein expression levels of Claudin-5 and ZO-1 were higher in the Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix group than in the Sanhuatang without Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix group (P<0.01, P<0.01). ConclusionSanhuatang exerts the protective effect against CIRI in rats possibly by regulating the expression of Claudin-5, Occludin, and ZO-1 and improving the blood-brain barrier function. Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix in Sanhuatang may play an important role in the protection of rats from CIRI.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940305

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo predict the therapeutic targets and related signaling pathways of orcinol glucoside (OG) in the treatment of osteoporosis by network pharmacology, and further clarify its mechanisms based on molecular docking and in vitro cell model. MethodThe pharmacological targets of OG were obtained from Similarity ensemble approach (SEA) and SwissTargetPrediction, and the targets related to osteoporosis from DisGeNET and GeneCards. The cross-analysis was conducted to screen the common targets between OG and osteoporosis. STRING was used to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, followed by topology analysis using CytoNCA plug-in of Cytoscape 3.7.2 to screen out the core targets. The obtained common targets were subjected to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) analysis by g:Profiler. AutoDock Vina was utilized for molecular docking, and the in vitro cell experiments were then carried out for verifying the mechanism of OG in treating osteoporosis. ResultA total of 73 targets related to OG and osteoporosis were harvested,among which 14 were proved to be key targets by topological analysis. GO and KEGG functional enrichment analysis yielded 259 cell biological processes, mainly involving organonitrogen compound metabolic process, cell population proliferation, protein metabolic process, regulation of response to stress, and response to chemicals. Its mechanism of action might be related to advanced glycation end-product (AGE)-AGE receptor (RAGE) signaling pathway, interleukin-17 (IL-17) signaling pathway, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway. Molecular docking indicated that the binding energies of OG to Cyclin D1 (CCND1) and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) were the lowest and similar. The results of flow cytometry showed that compared with the normal group, OG group exhibited decreased proportion of cells in G0/G1 phase (P<0.01) and decreased proportion of cells in S phase (P<0.01). As demonstrated by Western blot, compared with the normal group, OG up-regulated the protein expression levels of Cyclin D1 and CDK4 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionOG alleviates osteoporosis via multiple targets and multiple pathways. It may exert the therapeutic effects by increasing Cyclin D1 and CDK4 protein expression to change cell cycle and promote cell proliferation.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1464-1467, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940004

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS)is a group of diseases which occurred in the upper respiratory tract with transient, recurrent, partial or complete obstruction during night sleep. It can affect the regulation of hemodynamics, endocrine systems and autonomic nerve, and then result in the reduction of body oxygen saturation, chronic hypoxia and hypercapnia. Beside being an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, many studies have shown that it is also associated with ocular surface diseases in OSAHS, such as floppy eyelid syndrome, dry eye, keratoconus, etc., but there is still a lack of perfect systematic analysis. This paper reviews the relationship between OSAHS and relevant ocular surface diseases including pathogenesis,clinical manifestations and treatment progress, in order to reduce the ophthalmic complications of OSAHS patients in clinical diagnosis and treatment,and better improve the quality of life of patients.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3028-3048, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939954

ABSTRACT

Compared with traditional drug therapy, nanomedicines exhibit intriguing biological features to increase therapeutic efficiency, reduce toxicity and achieve targeting delivery. This review provides a snapshot of nanomedicines that have been currently launched or in the clinical trials, which manifests a diversified trend in carrier types, applied indications and mechanisms of action. From the perspective of indications, this article presents an overview of the applications of nanomedicines involving the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various diseases, which include cancer, infections, blood disorders, cardiovascular diseases, immuno-associated diseases and nervous system diseases, etc. Moreover, the review provides some considerations and perspectives in the research and development of nanomedicines to facilitate their translations in clinic.

16.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 769-784, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939838

ABSTRACT

In mammals, the piezoelectric protein, Prestin, endows the outer hair cells (OHCs) with electromotility (eM), which confers the capacity to change cellular length in response to alterations in membrane potential. Together with basilar membrane resonance and possible stereociliary motility, Prestin-based OHC eM lays the foundation for enhancing cochlear sensitivity and frequency selectivity. However, it remains debatable whether Prestin contributes to ultrahigh-frequency hearing due to the intrinsic nature of the cell's low-pass features. The low-pass property of mouse OHC eM is based on the finding that eM magnitude dissipates within the frequency bandwidth of human speech. In this study, we examined the role of Prestin in sensing broad-range frequencies (4-80 kHz) in mice that use ultrasonic hearing and vocalization (to >100 kHz) for social communication. The audiometric measurements in mice showed that ablation of Prestin did not abolish hearing at frequencies >40 kHz. Acoustic associative behavior tests confirmed that Prestin-knockout mice can learn ultrahigh-frequency sound-coupled tasks, similar to control mice. Ex vivo cochlear Ca2+ imaging experiments demonstrated that without Prestin, the OHCs still exhibit ultrahigh-frequency transduction, which in contrast, can be abolished by a universal cation channel blocker, Gadolinium. In vivo salicylate treatment disrupts hearing at frequencies <40 kHz but not ultrahigh-frequency hearing. By pharmacogenetic manipulation, we showed that specific ablation of the OHCs largely abolished hearing at frequencies >40 kHz. These findings demonstrate that cochlear OHCs are the target cells that support ultrahigh-frequency transduction, which does not require Prestin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cochlea/metabolism , Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer/metabolism , Hearing , Humans , Mammals/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Molecular Motor Proteins/metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939534

ABSTRACT

In reference with the systematic review of the thought of deqi (arrival of qi) put forward in Huangdi Neijing (Internal Classic of Yellow Emperor) and other classic books of traditional Chinese medicine, in view of detecting qi and identifying qi before treatment, as well as the prerequisites of deqi in tuina, meaning the accurate syndrome differentiation and manipulations, the importance of deqi in treatment with tuina is expounded. In association with clinical experience, the specific manifestations of deqi in patients during tuina are summarized, e.g. soreness, distention, pain, numbness, warm feeling and slight sweating, local changes in intestinal sound and skin color, as well as mind regulation. It is anticipated that deqi of tuina may be drawn the attention in clinical practice, and the relevant study be expanded.


Subject(s)
Books , Emotions , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pain , Qi
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of wheat grain moxibustion combined with rehabilitation training and simple rehabilitation training on finger spasm after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 patients with finger spasm after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 40 cases in each group. The control group was given routine rehabilitation training, once a day, 30 min each time. The observation group was given wheat grain moxibustion at Shixuan (EX-UE 11) on the basis of the control group, 8~10 moxibustion cones at each point, once a day. Both groups were treated for 6 days as one course of treatment for 4 courses. The motor function of the affected hand (Fugl-Meyer assessment [FMA] score) and muscle tension (modified Ashworth scale [MAS] grading), surface EMG indexes (wrist dorsiflexor muscle and flexor carpal metacarpal muscle mean square [RMS] value), hand muscle strength (neurological deficit score [NDS]) and daily living ability (modified Barthel index [MBI] score) were compared between the two groups before and after treatment, and clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, FMA and MBI scores in the 2 groups were increased compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The RMS value of wrist dorsiflexor muscle and flexor carpal metacarpal muscle in relaxation and passive function testsand and NDS in the 2 groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). MAS grading in the 2 groups was improved compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and that in the observation group was better than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the observation group was 92.5% (37/40), which was higher than that of the control group (80.0%, 32/40, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Wheat grain moxibustion at Shixuan (EX-UE 11) combined with rehabilitation training can improve the hand motor function and daily living ability of patients with finger spasm after stroke, improve the degree of spasm and the function of wrist dorsiflexor muscle and flexor carpal metacarpal muscle, the clinical effect is better than simple rehabilitation training.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Spasm/therapy , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome , Triticum
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936069

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a prediction model of pathologic complete response (pCR) in locally advanced rectal cancer patients who received programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) antibody and total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy by using radiomics based on MR imaging data and to investigate its predictive value. Methods: A clinical diagnostic test study was carried out. Clinicopathalogical and radiological data of 38 patients with middle-low rectal cancer who received PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and underwent TME surgery from January 2019 to September 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively collected. Among 38 patients, 23 were males and 15 were females with a median age of 68 (47-79) years and 13 (34.2%) a chieved pCR. These 38 patients were stratified and randomly divided into the training group (n=26) and test group (n=12) for modeling. All the patients underwent rectal MRI before treatment. The clinical, imaging and radiomics features of all the patients were collected, and the clinical feature model and radiomics model were constructed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of each model were drawn, and the constructed model was evaluated through the area under the curve (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value. Results: There were no significant differences in age, gender, primary location of tumor and postoperative pathology between the two groups (all P>0.05). Forty-one features were extracted from region of interest in each modality, including 9 first-order features, 24 gray level co-occurrence matrix features and 8 shape features. From 38 patients, 41 features were extracted from each imaging modality of baseline and preoperative DWI and T2WI images, totally 164 features. Only 4 features were preserved after correlation analysis between each pair of features and t-test between pCR and non-pCR subjects. After LASSO cross validation, only the first-order skewness of the baseline DWI image before treatment and the volume in the baseline T2WI image before treatment were retained. The area under the curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the prediction model established by applying these two features in the training group and the test group were 0.856 and 0.844, 77.8% and 100.0%, 88.2% and 75.0%, 77.8% and 66.7%, 88.2% and 100.0%, respectively. The decision curve analysis of the radiomics model showed that the strategy of this model in predicting pCR was better than that in treating all the patients as pCR and that in treating all the patients as non-pCR. Conclusion: The pCR prediction model for rectal cancer patients receiving PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy based on MRI radiomics has the potential to be used in clinical screening or rectal cancer patients who can be spared from radical surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936068

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide reference and evidence for clinical application of neoadjuvant immunotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer through multicenter large-scale analysis based on real-world data in China. Methods: This was a retrospective multicenter case series study. From January 2017 to October 2021, data of 94 patients with colorectal cancer who received neoadjuvant immunotherapy in Peking University Cancer Hospital (55 cases), Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (19 cases), Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (13 cases) and Changhai Hospital of Navy Medical University (7 cases) were retrospectively collected, including 48 males and 46 females. The median age was 58 years. Eighty-one cases were rectal cancer and 13 cases were colon cancer (2 cases of double primary colon cancer). Twelve cases were TNM staging II and 82 cases were stage III. Forty-six cases were well differentiated, 37 cases were moderately differentiated and 11 cases were poorly differentiated. Twenty-six patients (27.7%) with mismatch repair defects (dMMR) and microsatellite instability (MSI-H) were treated with immunotherapy alone, mainly programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1); sixty-eight cases (72.3%) with mismatch repair proficient (pMMR) and microsatellite stability (MSS) were treated with immune combined with neoadjuvant therapy, mainly CapeOx (capecitabine+oxaliplatin) combined with PD-1 antibody plus long- or short-course radiotherapy, or PD-1 antibody combined with cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) antibody. Analysis and evaluation of adverse events during neoadjuvant immunotherapy were performed according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Standard version 3.0; the surgical complications were evaluated according to the Clavien-Dindo grading standard; the efficacy evaluation of neoadjuvant immunotherapy included the following indicators: major pathological remission (MPR) was defined as tumor regression induced by neoadjuvant therapy in pathology residual tumor ≤10%; pathological complete response (pCR) was defined as tumor regression induced by neoadjuvant therapy without residual tumor in pathology; the tumor response rate was disease control rate (DCR), namely the proportion of complete response (CR), partial response (PR) and stable disease (SD) in the whole group; the objective response rate (ORR) was CR+PR. Results: The median cycle of neoadjuvant immunotherapy was 4 (1-10) in whole group, and the incidence of immune-related adverse reactions was 37.2% (35/94), including 35 cases (37.2%) of skin-related adverse reactions, 21 cases (22.3%) of thyroid dysfunction and 8 cases (8.5%) of immune enteritis, of which grade III or above accounted for 1.1%. The median interval between completion of neoadjuvant therapy and surgery was 30 (21-55) days. There were 81 cases of radical resection of rectal cancer, 11 cases of radical resection of colon cancer, and 2 cases of colon cancer combined with other organ resection. The primary tumor resection of all the patients reached R0. The incidence of surgical-related complications was 22.3% (21/94), mainly anastomotic leakage (4 cases), pelvic infection (4 cases), abdominal effusion (3 cases), anastomotic stenosis (3 cases ) and abdominal and pelvic hemorrhage (2 cases). Grade I-II complications developed in 13 cases (13.8%), grade III and above complications developed in 8 cases (8.5%), no grade IV or above complications were found. During a median follow-up of 32 (1-46 ) months, DCR was 98.9% (93/94), ORR was 88.3 % (83/94), pCR was 41.5% (39/94), MPR was 60.6% (57/94). The pCR rate of 26 patients with dMMR and MSI-H undergoing simple immunotherapy was 57.7% (15/26), and MPR rate was 65.4% (17/26). The pCR rate of 68 pMMR and MSS patients undergoing combined immunotherapy was 35.3%(24/68), and MPR rate was 58.8% (40/68). Conclusions: Neoadjuvant immunotherapy has favorable tumor control rate and pathological remission rate for patients with initial resectable colorectal cancer. The incidences of perioperative adverse reactions and surgical complications are acceptable.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
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