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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 172-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996518

ABSTRACT

Immune escape is one of the ten hallmarks of tumors, which plays an important role in the occurrence and development of tumors. Immune escape refers to a process where tumor cells remodel and edit the immune system through the model of immune clearance, immune balance, and immune escape to "transform" the immune cells into immunosuppressive cells in the tumor microenvironment, so as to support immune escape. The five-stage evolution is the summary of tumor pathogenesis by professor LI Jie. He believes that the gradual development of tumors follows the core pathogenesis of "deficiency-cold-toxin-obstruction-collapse", in which "depression" runs through the whole process, and cancer toxin is the key. Based on immune editing, this paper combined phenotypic characteristics of tumor cells with the core pathogenesis of the five-stage evolution of professor LI to reveal the biological basis of malignant tumor five-stage evolution. The results indicate that the prominent change from deficiency to cold is the reduction of immune surveillance and the prominent change from toxin to obstruction is immune escape. The final stage of collapse is the outcome of immune failure. Depression is the booster of tumor immune editing. Therefore, the method of reinforcing the healthy Qi and removing toxins was proposed to regulate the immune editing and cut off the five-stage evolution of tumors. Supplementing Qi and warming Yang can reinforce the healthy Qi and restore immune surveillance. Removing toxins and dredging can reverse toxins and immune escape. The harmonizing method can maintain the dynamic balance of immune cells/immunosuppressive cells. Resolving depression can truncate tumor immune editing. Those methods can provide a certain reference for the treatment based on microscopic syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In future studies, it is necessary to further explore the specific mechanism of the regulation of immune editing with the methods of supplementing Qi and warming Yang, removing toxins and dredging, their combination, and resolving depression, so as to find out specific Chinese medicines and targets and provide more sufficient evidence for the regulation of tumor immune editing by TCM.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1387-1391, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996306

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the related factors of myopia among children and adolescents in Yunnan Province, and to predict and evaluate the influencing factors, so as to provide a scientific theoretical basis for the prevention and control of myopia.@*Methods@#From March 9 to 14, 2023, 848 students from 6 primary and secondary schools in Dali and Lijiang of Yunnan Province were selected by multi stage stratified random cluster sampling method for visual acuity detection and questionnaire survey on myopia related factors. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to establish a Nomogram prediction model for the selected influencing factors.@*Results@#The overall myopia rate of the respondents was 68.3%, the myopia rate of boys (63.4%) was lower than that of girls (72.9%), and the myopia rate of primary school students (46.7%) was lower than that of junior high school students (81.1%), and the difference was statistically significant( χ 2=8.71, 108.07, P <0.05). Daily eye exercises, activities outside the teaching building during recess, having daily sleep time of 7-9 and >9 h, having both parents without myopia were negatively correlated with the occurrence of myopia in children and adolescents in Yunnan Province ( OR=0.64, 0.63, 0.56, 0.28, 0.48, P < 0.05 ). The reading and writing time after school ≥3 h per day and parents unrestricted time to play video games were positively correlated with myopia ( OR=1.94, 1.78, P <0.05). Based on the influencing factors, a Nomogram prediction model was established to quantitatively evaluate the risk of myopia. The results showed that greater risk for myopia was associated with sleep duration, parental history of myopia, and the time spent reading and writing after school every day.@*Conclusion@#Both genetic factors and environmental factors are related to myopia in children and adolescents. The prediction model of nomogram is beneficial for screening high risk factors of myopia and taking corresponding prevention and treatment measures.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 568-572, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of cervical core muscle group exercise and massage in the change of cervical spine curvature during radiotherapy for head and neck tumors and the effect on set-up errors.Methods:A total of 40 patients with head and neck tumours receiving radiotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from March 2020 to July 2021 were prospectively selected, and all of them underwent different degrees of changes in cervical spine curvature during radiotherapy. The cervical core muscle exercise and manual massage were used to do treatment intervention on the change in the cervical spine curvature. Changes in cervical spine curvature at the time of the curvature change of the cervical spine and at 1 d, 3 d and 5 d after the intervention were observed by using cone beam CT, and then data were recorded in 3 dimensions. The set-up error when cervical spine curvature changed was compared with that after the muscle group exercise and manipulation, and Pearson was used to analyze the linear correlation of set-up errors in each direction.Results:There were 23 males and 17 females, with a median age of 41 years (26-62 years). The significant improvement of cervical curvature at 1 d, 3 d and 5 d after the intervention could be found in 2 cases (5.0%), 20 cases (50.0%) and 39 cases (97.5%). Using the cervical 4 vertebrae as the matching standard, the set-up errors at the time of change in cervical spine curvature and at 1 d, 3 d and 5 d after treatment were (1.3±0.9) mm, (1.2±0.8) mm, (1.3±0.7) mm and (1.3±0.7) mm in the left-right direction respectively; (2.0±0.7) mm, (1.7±0.8) mm, (1.8±0.7) mm and (1.9±0.8) mm in the head-foot direction respectively; (4.9±0.7) mm, (4.6±0.7) mm, (3.4±0.7) mm, (1.7±0.6) mm in the anterior-posterior direction respectively. The set-up error in the anterior-posterior directions at 3 d and 5 d after treatment intervention was lower than that at the time of change in cervical spine curvature and at 1 d after treatment intervention (all P < 0.01), and that at 5 d after treatment intervention was lower than that at 3 d after treatment intervention ( P < 0.01). There were no statistically significant differences between the left-right direction and head-foot direction at each time point (all P > 0.05). There was no correlation between left-right direction and head-foot direction ( r = 0.049, P = 0.540), between left-right direction and anterior-posterior direction ( r = 0.041, P = 0.607), and between head-foot direction and anterior-posterior direction ( r = 0.003, P = 0.931) in terms of set-up errors. Conclusions:Core cervical muscle group training and massage could improve the change in cervical spine curvature, increase the repeatability of the set-up, which provides a favourable guarantee for accurate treatment.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 13-17, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996179

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of different doses of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on inflammatory factors and immune function in patients with gynecological malignant tumors who underwent laparoscopic surgery.Methods:A total of 60 patients with gynecological malignant tumors who underwent laparoscopic surgery from January 2021 to December 2021 in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were selected as the research objects. All patients were divided into the control group, low-dose DEX group (group D1) and high-dose DEX group (group D2) by using random number table method, 20 cases in each group. Patients in D1 and D2 groups were intravenously pumped DEX 0.5 μg/kg and 1.0 μg/kg 10 minutes before induction of anesthesia, and then maintained with DEX 0.5 μg·kg -1·h -1 and 1.0 μg·kg -1·h -1 until 30 minutes before the end of operation; and patients in the control group were given the same amount of Nacl solution. The 10 ml peripheral venous blood were collected at 10 minutes before induction of anesthesia (T 1), 1 h after pneumoperitoneum relief (T 2) and 24 h after pneumoperitoneum relief (T 3). The changes of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), the proportion of CD4 +, the proportion of CD8 + and CD4 +/CD8 + ratio of the three groups were compared, and the cases of bradycardia and hypotension in perioperative period and the time of first exhaust after operation were recorded. Results:At T 1,T 2 and T 3, the expression level of IL-6 in the control group was (7.95±0.26) pg/ml, (8.30±0.24) pg/ml and (8.35±0.28) pg/ml, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 14.14, P < 0.001); the expression level of IL-10 in the control group was (38.9±2.6) pg/ml, (44.5±6.6) pg/ml and (46.3±4.6) pg/ml, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 12.45, P < 0.001); the proportion of CD4 + in the control group was (38.5±2.1)%, (29.5±4.6)% and (29.6±3.5)%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 40.82, P < 0.001); the ratio of CD8 + in the control group was (30.1±3.7)%, (35.1±6.3)% and (40.3±8.2)%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 13.02, P < 0.001); the CD4 +/CD8 + ratio in the control group was 1.29±0.14, 0.84±0.09 and 0.75±0.14, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 99.94, P < 0.001). The expression level of IL-6 in group D1 and group D2 was (8.10±0.32) pg/ml and (8.01±0.30) pg/ml at T 2, and (8.12±0.35) pg/ml and (8.05±0.34) pg/ml at T 3,which were lower than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The expression level of IL-10 in group D2 was (40.6±3.5) pg/ml at T 2, which was lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). At T 3, the expression level of IL-10 in group D1 and group D2 was (43.7±3.5) pg/ml and (42.4±3.9) pg/ml, which were lower than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). At T 2, the proportion of CD4 + in group D2 was (34.5±4.3)%, which was higher than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). At T 3, the proportion of CD4 + in group D1 and group D2 was (32.1±4.2)% and (33.7±2.8)%, which were higher than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). At T 2, the proportion of CD8 + in group D2 was (30.7±5.5)%, which was lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). At T 3, the proportion of CD8 + in group D1 and group D2 was (35.4±5.8)% and (32.5±5.1)%, which were lower than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The CD4 +/CD8 + ratio in group D1 and D2 was 0.99±0.17 and 1.14±0.16 at T 2, 0.93±0.19 and 1.05±0.16 at T 3, which were higher than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Meanwhile, 1 case of hypotension occurred in the the control group and group D1, respectively; 3 cases of bradycardia and 2 cases of hypotension occurred in the group D2. The time of exhaust in the control group was later than that in group D1 and D2, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:DEX can inhibit the inflammatory reaction during laparoscopic surgery in patients with gynecological malignant tumors, reduce immune damage. The anti-inflammatory action and immune protection of high-dose of DEX is more significant compared with low-dose of DEX, while high dose of DEX is more likely to cause hemodynamic fluctuations in perioperative period.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 150-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss ethical review and management of serious adverse events in anti-tumor drug clinical trials in a grade A tertiary cancer hospital for timely and effective protection of subjects.Methods:The main contents and ethical management of ethical review on serious adverse events were retrospectively analyzed including the number, distribution rules, and whether they were reported in time in clinical trials conducted in our hospital in 2021.Results:A total of 1 789 serious adverse events in 259 clinical trials were reported, with more male subjects than female, with an average age of 59.95 years, mainly concentrated in the 50~59 age and 60~69 age groups, accounting for 27.45% and 42.37% respectively. Digestive oncology department, thoracic oncology department and renal cancer melanoma department ranked in the top three for the number of clinical trials and reports of serious adverse events. The highest incidence of serious adverse events was hospitalization at 63.44% and the lowest incidence was disability at 0.39%. The highest proportion of serious adverse events possibly related to clinical trials was 35.72%. Expected serious adverse events accounted for 65.85% versus 34.15% unexpected ones, and the difference between different correlations of serious adverse events whether they were expected or not.was statistically significant. Among the measures taken by the investigator for the test drugs due to serious adverse events, drug discontinuation was the most, accounting for 42.54%, while 3.07% of the trial plans modified the study protocol/informed consent. Serious adverse events reported within 24 hours accounted for 87.20%, and those reported in 24 hours and beyond accounting for 12.80%. A statistically significant difference of the reporting time between the registered and investigator initiated clinical trials was observed.Conclusions:The ethics committee should attach importance to ethical review and management of serious adverse events, pay attention to whether they were reported timely and accurately, strengthen supervision, and effectively protect the safety and interests of the subjects.

6.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 52-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of serological indicators and evaluate the diagnostic value of a new established combined serological model on identifying the minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) in patients with compensated cirrhosis.Methods:This prospective multicenter study enrolled 263 compensated cirrhotic patients from 23 hospitals in 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of China between October 2021 and August 2022. Clinical data and laboratory test results were collected, and the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score was calculated. Ammonia level was corrected to the upper limit of normal (AMM-ULN) by the baseline blood ammonia measurements/upper limit of the normal reference value. MHE was diagnosed by combined abnormal number connection test-A and abnormal digit symbol test as suggested by Guidelines on the management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhosis. The patients were randomly divided (7∶3) into training set ( n=185) and validation set ( n=78) based on caret package of R language. Logistic regression was used to establish a combined model of MHE diagnosis. The diagnostic performance was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve. The internal verification was carried out by the Bootstrap method ( n=200). AUC comparisons were achieved using the Delong test. Results:In the training set, prevalence of MHE was 37.8% (70/185). There were statistically significant differences in AMM-ULN, albumin, platelet, alkaline phosphatase, international normalized ratio, MELD score and education between non-MHE group and MHE group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that AMM-ULN [odds ratio ( OR)=1.78, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.05-3.14, P=0.038] and MELD score ( OR=1.11, 95% CI 1.04-1.20, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for MHE, and the AUC for predicting MHE were 0.663, 0.625, respectively. Compared with the use of blood AMM-ULN and MELD score alone, the AUC of the combined model of AMM-ULN, MELD score and education exhibited better predictive performance in determining the presence of MHE was 0.755, the specificity and sensitivity was 85.2% and 55.7%, respectively. Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve showed that the model had good calibration ( P=0.733). The AUC for internal validation of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.752. In the validation set, the AUC of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.794, and Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed good calibration ( P=0.841). Conclusion:Use of the combined model including AMM-ULN, MELD score and education could improve the predictive efficiency of MHE among patients with compensated cirrhosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 544-548, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the causative gene and observe the phenotypic characteristics of a family with isolated microphthalmia-anophthalmia-coloboma (MAC).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. One patient (proband) and 3 family members of a family with MAC visited the Henan Eye Hospital from May 2019 to May 2022 were included in the study. The patient's medical history and family history were inquired in detail, and the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp microscope, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), ophthalmological B mode ultrasound and axial length (AL) measurement were performed. The peripheral venous blood of the proband, his parents and brother was collected for Trio whole-exome sequencing and pathogenic gene screening. Fluorescence quantitative Polymerase chain reaction was used to verify the suspicious variations. The clinical features of the patient's ocular and systemic also were observed.Results:The proband, male, was 3 years old at the first visit. The horizontal pendular nystagmus was detected in both eyes. Vertical elliptical microcornea and keyhole-shaped iris colobomas were detected in both eyes. The objective refraction at first visit (3 years old) was -4.00 DS/-0.50 DC×105° (OD) and -3.50 DS/-1.25 DC×80° (OS). Refraction and BCVA at 6 years old: -6.50 DS/-2.00 DC×110°→0.05 (OD) and -6.00 DS/-1.50 DC×80°→0.2 (OS). The AL at 4 years and 10 months old was 24.62 mm (OD) and 23.92 mm (OS), respectively. The AL at 5 years and 7 months old was 25.24 mm (OD) and 24.36 mm (OS), respectively. Ultrasonography shows tissue defects in both eyes. Fundus photography showed the inferior choroidal coloboma involving optic disc. OCT showed the optic disc in both eyes was abnormal with colobomas around, and the retinal neurosensory layer in colobomas area was disordered and thin; the retinoschisis was visible in the left eye. The proband's parents and siblings have normal phenotypes. Whole exome sequencing reveals a denovo heterozygous deletion of YAP1 gene: YAP1, chr11: 10280247-102100671, NM_ 001130145, loss 1 (EXON: 6-9). The results of bioinformatics analysis were pathogenic variants. Parents and siblings were of the wild type. Conclusions:Loss of heterozygosity in exons 6-9 of YAP1 gene is the pathogenic variation in this family. It can cause abnormal development of anterior segment, chorioretinal colobomas, deepening of axial myopia, even severe macular colobomas and retinoschisis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 84-89, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995260

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are important cells of the immune system. Tumor-associated macrophages are enriched macrophages near tumor cells or tissues. Their role is mainly to promote the construction of tumor inflammatory microenvironment and inhibit tumor immune response. Cell co-culture system is a symbiotic culture system formed by mimicking the internal environment of the body in vitro. The co-culture condition is relatively consistent with the environment in vivo, enabling better information exchange and material exchange between cells, which is a supplement to the monolayer cell culture and animal experiments. Tumor-associated macrophages and tumor cells co-exist in the tumor microenvironment. Thus, constructing a co-culture system for tumor-associated macrophages and tumor cells would be conducive to studying the antitumor effect of tumor-associated macrophages and developing new immunotherapy drugs. The co-culture system would provide a new direction for treating malignant tumors. This article mainly reviewed the co-culture patterns of macrophages and the antitumor effects of different phenotypes of macrophages, and highlighted the importance of using immunotherapy to treat malignant tumors in the tumor microenvironment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 33-40, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the RHD genotypes of RhD-negative pregnant women and explore the optimum strategy for fetal RHD screening among this population in the region. Methods:This prospective study recruited 33 cases of RhD-negative singleton pregnancies at ≥12 weeks of gestation in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from March to November 2021. On the basis of RHD genotyping, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify the exons 5 and 10 of RHD gene in the circulating cell-free DNA of RhD-negative pregnant women harboring whole RHD gene deletion and RHD-CE(2-9)- D. High-throughput sequencing was performed to detect chr1:25648453 locus from circulating cell-free DNA in plasma of RhD-negative pregnant women harboring RHD 1227A mutation to screen the fetal RhD blood group. Neonatal umbilical cord blood samples were collected for verifying fetal RHD genotyping. Descriptive statistical analysis was used. Results:Whole RHD gene deletion homozygous genotype ( n=20, 60.6%), RHD-CE(2-9) -D/whole RHD gene deletion heterozygous genotype ( n=5, 21.2%), RHD 1227A/whole RHD gene deletion heterozygous genotype ( n=7, 15.2%) and RHD 711delC/whole RHD gene deletion heterozygous genotype ( n=1) were identified in the 33 RhD-negative pregnant women. In the 25 cases with whole RHD gene deletion homozygous genotype or RHD-CE(2-9)- D/whole RHD gene deletion heterozygous genotype, 22 fetuses were RhD-positive and three were RhD-negative based on prenatal screening, which were confirmed by the neonatal serological test results after birth. In the seven cases carrying RHD 1227A/whole RHD gene deletion heterozygous genotype, all fetuses were RhD-positive, which were consistent with the results of serological detection after delivery. The case harboring RHD 711delC/whole RHD gene deletion heterozygous genotype did not receive fetal RHD screening. Conclusions:This study suggests that whole RHD gene deletion homozygous genotype is the most common allele in RhD-negative population in this area, followed by RHD 1227A/whole RHD gene deletion heterozygous genotype and RHD- CE(2-9)- D/whole RHD gene deletion heterozygous genotype. For women with whole RHD gene deletion homozygous genotype, RHD- CE(2-9)- D, or RHD 1227A mutation, fetal RHD screening with quantitative real-time PCR and high-throughput sequencing are important for the management of RhD-negative pregnant women.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 504-511, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of omalizumab in the treatment of chronic urticaria (CU) patients with poor response to H1 antihistamines.Methods:CU patients, who showed poor response to H1 antihistamines and received omalizumab treatment, were collected from the Department of Dermatology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from June 2020 to June 2021. The efficacy of omalizumab was evaluated by using the 7-day urticaria activity score (UAS7) and urticaria control test (UCT) score at weeks 4, 12 and 24 after the start of treatment. The t-test, chi-square test, and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze the relationship between the clinical characteristics and efficacy. Results:A total of 121 CU patients who met the inclusion criteria and had relatively complete medical records were included in this study, including 54 males (44.63%) and 67 females (55.37%) , and their ages ranged from 13 to 70 years (39.88 ± 14.36 years) ; 88 patients were diagnosed with chronic spontaneous urticaria (72.73%) , 10 with chronic inducible urticaria (8.26%) , and 23 with chronic spontaneous urticaria accompanied by chronic inducible urticaria (19.01%) . At week 4 after the start of omalizumab treatment, the response rate was 50.86% (59/116) , and the complete response rate was 25.86% (30/116) ; at week 12, the response rate was 78.26% (54/69) , and the complete response rate was 34.78% (24/69) ; at week 24, the response rate was 64.71% (22/34) , and the complete response rate was 23.53% (8/34) . At week 4, CU patients with baseline serum total IgE levels of < 40 IU/ml had a lower response rate (26 cases, 30.77%) than those with baseline serum total IgE levels of ≥ 40 IU/ml (61 cases, 65.57%; χ2 = 8.93, P = 0.004) . Correlation analysis showed that the age at treatment, age at onset, allergic diseases, concomitant symptoms, baseline erythrocyte sedimentation rates, and baseline C-reactive protein levels were significantly correlated with the UCT scores (all P < 0.05) , while the course of disease, clinical types, serum total IgE levels, peripheral blood counts, dermatology life quality index scores, and UAS7 scores were not significantly correlated with the UCT scores. Among the 121 CU patients, 8 (6.61%) reported mild to moderate adverse reactions. Conclusion:Omalizumab could effectively improve clinical symptoms and signs of CU patients with poor response to H1 antihistamines, and was well tolerated;omalizumab treatment may be more beneficial to patients without allergic comorbidities such as allergic rhinitis, without concomitant symptoms such as angioedema, and with lower erythrocyte sedimentation rates and C-reactive protein levels.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 62-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994150

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of sphingosine-1-phospho-1 receptor(S1PR1)in the dorsal root ganglion in remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia in rats with incisional pain.Methods:Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats with successful intrathecal and caudal vein catheterization, weighing 260-280 g, aged 2-3 months, were divided into 6 groups ( n= 8 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), S1PR1 antagonist (FTY720) group (group F), remifentanil group (group R), remifentanil + S1PR1 antagonist (FTY720) group (group R+ F), remifentanil + incisional pain group (group R+ I), and remifentanil + incisional pain + S1PR1 antagonist (FTY720) group (group R+ I+ F). In C group, normal saline 0.1 μg·kg -1·min -1 was intravenously infused for 60 min. In R group, remifentanil 1.0 μg· kg -1·min -1 was infused for 60 min through the caudal vein. In F group, FTY720 3 nmol was intrathecally injected, and 10 min later normal saline 1.0 μg· kg -1·min -1 was infused for 60 min via the caudal vein. In R+ F group, FTY720 3 nmol was intrathecally injected, and 10 min later remifentanil 1.0 μg· kg -1·min -1 was infused for 60 min through the caudal vein. In R+ I group, remifentanil 1.0 μg·kg -1·min -1 was infused for 60 min through the caudal vein while the model of incisional pain was developed. In R+ I+ F group, FTY720 3 nmol was intrathecally injected, 10 min later the incisional pain model was prepared, and remifentanil 1.0 μg·kg -1·min -1 was injected for 60 min through the caudal vein at the same time. The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at 24 h before remifentanil or normal saline infusion (T 0) and 2, 6, 24 and 48 h after stopping remifentanil or normal saline infusion (T 1-4). Rats were sacrificed after the last measurement of pain threshold, and the L 4-6 segments of dorsal root ganglion were taken for determination of the expression of S1PR1, NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain-associated protein 3 (NLRP3), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) protein and mRNA (by Western blot and quantitative polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with C group, the MWT was significantly decreased and TWL was shortened at T 1-4, the expression of S1PR1, NLRP3 and IL-1β protein and mRNA in dorsal root ganglion was up-regulated, and the expression of GLT-1 protein and mRNA in dorsal root ganglion was down-regulated in R group ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group F ( P>0.05). Compared with R group, MWT was significantly decreased and TWL was shortened at T 1-4, the expression of S1PR1, NLRP3 and IL-1β protein and mRNA in dorsal root ganglion was up-regulated, and GLT-1 protein and mRNA expression in dorsal root ganglion was down-regulated in R+ I group, and MWT was significantly increased and TWL was prolonged at T 1-4, the expression of S1PR1, NLRP3 and IL-1β protein and mRNA in the dorsal root ganglion was down-regulated, and GLT-1 protein and mRNA expression in the dorsal root ganglion was up-regulated in R+ F group ( P<0.05). Compared with R+ I group, MWT was significantly increased and TWL was prolonged at T 1-4, the expression of S1PR1, NLRP3 and IL-1β protein and mRNA in the dorsal root ganglion was down-regulated, and the expression of GLT-1 protein and mRNA in the dorsal root ganglion was up-regulated in R+ I+ F group( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which remifentanil induces hyperalgesia is associated with up-regulation of S1PR1 expression, activation of inflammatory factors, and down-regulation of GLT-1 expression in the rats with incisional pain.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 52-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993971

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an improved wireless intelligent capsule cystoscope (WCE)for dynamic detection of bladder mucosa in a pig model.Methods:The WCE was introduced into a healthy experimental pig that under general anesthesia via urethra by applying an improved device. Multi-angle images of the bladder mucosa were then obtained by controlling the position of capsule cystoscope with an external magnetic field system. The shutter speed of the WCE was 2.5 fps and was automatically converted to 1.5 fps 30 minutes after initiation. The Vue software was utilized to download the shoot pictures which were former received by a computer via wireless transmission. The pig was roused and sent to the pigpen, without limitations in moving. The improved WCE was connected with a 2 cm thread. 12 hours later, the dilated sheath was inserted again, and the capsule was removed by a foreign body forceps under observation of a ureteroscopy.Results:The WCE was successfully placed and removed from the pig's bladder with the application of the improved devices. Over 20 thousand images that with 60K pixels of bladder mucosa were captured by the WCE at various angles within 12 hours, which revealed the process of urine filling and excreting in a time-dependent way. No notable adverse effects (bleeding, urinary tract injury, etc) were noted during the process of cystoscope placement, image acquisition, transmission, and removal.Conclusion:This study developed a novel WCE that could dynamically, intelligently and accurately monitor all aspects of the pig bladder mucosa, and has preferable application prospect.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 760-765, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of elderly acute pulmonary thromboembolism(APE)patients complicated with preexisting atrial fibrillation(AF)and the impact of preexisting AF on in-hospital adverse outcomes in elderly patients with APE.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on elderly APE patients with preexisting AF hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2021.We compared the comorbidities, symptoms, signs, laboratory test results and echocardiographic features, simplified pulmonary embolism severity index(sPESI)scores and adverse in-hospital outcomes between the preexisting AF group and the non-AF group.Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of in-hospital adverse outcomes in elderly patients with APE.Results:A total of 240 patients diagnosed with APE were enrolled.There were 120 patients in the AF group and 120 patients in the non-AF group.For patients in the AF group and the non-AF group, the proportions with chronic heart failure were 38.3%(46/120)and 15.8%(19/120), the proportions with lower extremity deep vein thrombosis(DVT)were 36.7%(44/120)and 65.8%(79/120), the left ventricular ejection fractions(LVEF)were(59±10)% and(62±7)%, and hospital stays were(15±7)and(11±4)days, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant( χ2=15.381, 20.429, t=2.527, -4.710, all P<0.05). The incidences of in-hospital adverse outcomes in the AF group and the non-AF group were 4.2%(5/120)and 3.3%(4/120), respectively, with no significant difference( χ2=0.000, P=1.000). The overall incidence of in-hospital adverse outcomes was 3.8%(9/240). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that elevated lactic acid was an independent risk factor for in-hospital adverse outcomes( OR=2.753, 95% CI: 1.367-5.542, P=0.005). However, AF( OR=2.880, 95% CI: 0.587-14.141, P=0.192)and sPESI score( OR=2.056, 95% CI: 0.904-4.673, P=0.086)were not associated with in-hospital adverse outcomes. Conclusions:Elderly APE patients with preexisting AF have a relatively low incidence of DVT, but a higher proportion have concurrent chronic heart failure and need a longer hospital stay.Elevated lactic acid is an independent risk factor for in-hospital adverse outcomes of elderly APE patients with preexisting AF.However, preexisting AF has no predictive value for in-hospital adverse outcomes in elderly patients with APE.

14.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 538-543, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status quo and influencing factors of health self-management ability of scientific and technological workers in Shanxi Province.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional study. Using the general situation questionnaire and the adult health self-management ability evaluation scale, 467 scientific and technological workers who received physical examination in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2022 to September 2022 were investigated by questionnaire, and their height, weight, body mass index, fasting blood glucose, blood lipids and blood uric acid were collected on the day of physical examination. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors of health self-management ability, and Pearson and Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between health self-management ability and examination items.Results:The total score of health self-management ability of 467 scientific and technological workers was (153.7±16.5). The results of multiple linear regression showed that the type of medical insurance, self-assessment of health status, staying up late, and sleep quality were independent influencing factors of health self-management ability ( R2=0.141, adjusted R2=0.120, F=6.771; P<0.001). Health self-management ability was positively correlated with high-density lipoprotein ( r=0.114), behavioral subscale was positively correlated with high-density lipoprotein ( r=0.107), environmental subscale was negatively correlated with uric acid ( r=-0.103), triglyceride ( r=-0.118), and positively correlated with high-density lipoprotein ( r=0.129), and cognitive subscale was negatively correlated with triglyceride ( r=-0.125), all of which were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The ability of health self-management of scientific and technological workers in Shanxi Province belongs to the upper middle level, which is affected by the type of medical insurance, the self-assessment of health status, staying up late, and the quality of sleep. It is suggested that the ability of health self-management of scientific and technological workers can be improved by strengthening their health beliefs, providing a more convenient working environment, reducing the frequency of staying up late, and improving their sleep quality.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 720-729, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical outcomes and complications of second sacral alar-iliac (S 2AI) technique utilized in degenerative spinal deformity patients, and to analyze the potential risk factors for postoperative sagittal imbalance. Methods:From January 2014 to October 2020, a consecutive cohort of 39 degenerative spinal deformity patients who were treated with S 2AI were retrospectively reviewed, including 4 males and 35 females, aged 63.1±6.7 years (range, 43-73 years). All of the patients had a minimum of 2-year follow-up. According to the sagittal vertical axis (SVA) at the final follow-up, patients were divided into 2 groups. Sagittal balance group (SVA≤50 mm) and sagittal imbalance group (SVA>50 mm). Radiographic parameters including the Cobb's angle, coronal balance distance (CBD), thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), SVA, pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS) were measured in the standing radiographs before and after operation and at the latest follow up. Comparison was made between the two groups and the differences with statistical significance were analyzed with binary logistic regression analysis. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. The Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) score were employed to evaluate the quality of life. Results:The average follow-up period was 30.3±9.1 months (range, 43-73 months). Eighteen patients (46%) were identified with sagittal imbalance at the last follow-up. Compared with the patients in the sagittal balance group, the preoperative SVA was significantly larger (83.1±56.2 mm vs. 48.1±51.1 mm, t=2.04, P=0.049) and the postoperative TK was significantly greater (27.8°±9.6° vs. 18.9°±13.4°, t=2.36, P=0.024) for patients in the sagittal imbalance group. Scores of pain domain (3.2±0.5 vs. 3.7±0.6) and self-image domain (3.4±0.8 vs. 3.8±0.6) in sagittal imbalance group were significantly lower than those of sagittal balance group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that larger preoperative SVA ( OR=1.02, P=0.028) and greater postoperative TK ( OR=1.09, P=0.022) were independent risk factors for the occurrence of sagittal imbalance during the follow-up periods. Conclusion:S 2AI screw fixation can achieve satisfying coronal deformity correction and great sagittal reconstruction after surgery in patients with degenerative spinal deformity. However, sagittal imbalance may still occur during the follow-up periods. Larger preoperative SVA and greater postoperative TK are independent risk factors for the occurrence of sagittal imbalance.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 373-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993452

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Objective:To evaluate the prevalence and distribution of ossification of ligamentum flavum (OLF) at the segments adjacent to the apex in patients with degenerative kyphosis.Methods:All of 74 patients with degenerative kyphosis from January 2018 to December 2021 were retrospective reviewed. All patients were taken anteroposterior and lateral radiographs, CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the entire spine. Global kyphosis, the morphology of kyphosis and the occurrence of OLF at three segments adjacent to the kyphosis apex were recorded.Results:Of the 74 patients, 54 patients (73%) developed OLF in three segments adjacent to the kyphotic apex. The mean age of the 54 patients was 61.4±6.8 years, and the mean global kyphosis was 49.5°±21.2°. Among other 20 patients without OLF, the mean age was 56.1±7.5 years, and the mean kyphosis angle was 52.1°±19.1°. There was a statistically significant difference in ages ( t=2.92, P=0.005), but no statistically significant difference was observed regarding global kyphosis ( t=0.48, P=0.634). In these 74 patients, 9 patients had angular kyphosis, of which 8 (89%) developed OLF; of the 65 patients without angular kyphosis, 46 patients (71%) developed OLF. There was no significant difference between them (χ 2=1.32, P=0.251). Among the 54 patients diagnosed with OLF, 5 patients (9%) suffered ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and 20 patients (37%) suffered dural ossification; 43 patients (80%) developed OLF at proximal segments of apex, 6 patient (11%) developed OLF at distal segments of apex, and 5 patients (9%) developed OLF both at proximal and distal segments of apex. Thirty-two patients (59%) developed OLF at the first segment adjacent to the kyphotic apex, 27 patients (50%) developed OLF at the second segment, and 15 patients (28%) developed OLF at the third segment. Conclusion:Among patients with degenerative kyphosis, about 73% may development OLF within three segments adjacent to the kyphotic apex, and it mostly occurred within two segments adjacent to the apex proximally.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 366-372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the imaging features and surgical strategies of late-onset spinal deformity after myelomeningocele (MMC) repair.Methods:A total of 23 patients with late-onset spinal deformity after MMC repair from January 2006 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 16 males and 7 females, aged 15.4±5.9 years (range, 6-28 years). All patients underwent MMC resection and repair in infancy (0-4 years). The complications of MMC, imaging characteristics of spinal deformity (Cobb angle of scoliosis, coronal balance, regional kyphosis), surgical methods, clinical outcomes and incidence of complications were analyzed. The Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) score and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to evaluate the quality of life.Results:All patients were followed up for 2.4±0.8 years (range, 1-4 years). Among 23 patients, MMC occurred in the upper thoracic segment in 3 cases, thoracic segment in 1 case, thoracolumbar segment in 13 cases, and lumbosacral segment in 6 cases. 16 patients had scoliosis or kyphosis with the apex of the spine in the same segment as the MMC lesion. Among 13 patients with MMC located in thoracolumbar segment, 12 patients had scoliosis and 9 patients had kyphosis. Among 6 patients with MMC located in lumbosacral segment, 3 patients had pelvic tilt. Vertebral deformities included widening of pedicle space in 21 cases, enlargement of spinal canal in 19 cases, absence of spinous process in 17 cases, malsegmentation in 17 cases, and hemivertebra deformity in 9 cases. Intramedullary lesions included split cord in 6 cases and tethered cord in 9 cases. The overall implant density was 57.2%±17% (range, 16.6%-100%). At the last follow-up, the Cobb angle of scoliosis was 40.9°±19.1°, which was significantly smaller than 71.5°±28.2° before operation ( P<0.001). The local kyphosis angle was 26.7°±12.9°, which was significantly lower than that before operation (40.4°±21.5°), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001).The coronal balance was 16.1±13.6 mm, which was smaller than that before operation 28.5± 23.7 mm, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). The total score of SRS-22 was 18.7±0.7, which was higher than that before operation 17.7±0.9, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-9.74, P<0.001); ODI was 25.5%±6.2% after operation, which was significantly lower than that before operation (44.8%±10.1%), the difference was statistically significant ( t=13.66, P<0.001). Dural rupture occurred in 4 patients, including postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage in 2 cases; postoperative pleural effusion in 1 patient; and screw malposition in 2 patients. Three patients had broken rods and one had deep infection at final follow-up. Conclusion:About 70% of MMC patients who underwent resection and repair in early childhood developed late-onset spinal deformity in adulthood with the lesion at the parietal vertebrae. Posterior correction can obtain satisfactory clinical results. If the posterior element of the apical vertebral body is hypoplastic, the implant density can be increased by anterior vertebral screw, lamina hook fixation, and S 2 sacroiliac screw.

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Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 444-448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993353

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Objective:To study the value of imaging features of extrapancreatic nerve plexus in predicting early postoperative recurrence of ductal adenocarcinoma of pancreatic head.Methods:The clinical, imaging and pathological data of patients with ductal adenocarcinoma of pancreatic head undergoing pancreati-coduodenectomy at the Hepatobiliary Pancreatic Center of Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, Tsinghua University from January 2014 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 73 patients were included, including 51 males and 22 females, aged (66.1±9.0) years old. The patients were followed up by telephone or outpatient review, who were divided into two groups according to the recurrence within 6 months after surgery: the recurrence group ( n=26) and the non-recurrence group ( n=47). Streaks or soft-tissue densities in the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus, difference in CT values between the portal and arterial phases of the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus, maximum tumor diameter, and regional lymph node enlargement were compared between the two groups. Results:The incidences of streaks or soft-tissue densities showing in the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus were 80.8%(21/26) in the recurrence group and 51.1%(24/47) in the non-recurrence group, respectively. A CT value difference ≥15 HU between the portal and arterial phases of the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus occurred in 50.0%(13/26) patients of the recurrence group and 25.5%(27/47) of the non-recurrence group, respectively. Maximum tumor diameter ≥25 mm were found in 80.8% (21/26) patients of the recurrence group and 57.4% (27/47) of the non-recurrence group, respectively. ≥3 reginal lymph node enlargement showed in 65.4% (17/26) patients of the recurrence group and 31.9% (15/47) of the non-recurrence group, respectively (all P<0.05). The risk of early postoperative recurrence increased in patients with a CT value difference ≥15 HU between the portal and arterial phases of the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus ( OR=3.609, 95% CI: 1.099-11.855), and regional lymph node enlargement ≥ 3 ( OR=4.665, 95% CI: 1.400-15.545) (all P<0.05). And these two independent risk factors were combined to predict early postoperative recurrence of ductal adenocarcinoma of pancreatic head with an area under receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.748, sensitivity of 92.3%, and specificity of 48.9% ( P<0.001). Conclusion:≥ 15 HU CT value difference between the portal and arterial phases of the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus and ≥ 3 regional lymph node enlargement are independent risk factors for the early postoperative recurrence of pancreatic head ductal adenocarcinoma, which could provide more predictive information preoperatively.

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Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 354-356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993337

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Objective:To study the features of adenomyomatous hyperplasia (AH) of the Vaterian system (common bile duct and ampulla of Vater) to help in the diagnosis and management of this disease.Methods:A retrospective analysis on the data of 17 patients who had a postoperative pathological diagnosis of AH of the Vaterian system treated from January 2005 to December 2021 at the First Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital was carried out with 12 males and 5 females, aged (58.4±11.3) years. The clinical presentations, treatment and postoperative pathology of these patients were analyzed. Patients with dysplasia of the tubular mucosal epithelium in the non-cancerous area around the AH under microscopy were included in the AH with dysplasia group ( n=8), and those without dysplasia were included in the control group ( n=9). The clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared. Results:The main clinical symptoms were abdominal pain in 8 patients, jaundice in 7 patients and fever in 2 patients. Preoperative imaging showed 10 cases of occupying lesions and 6 cases of abnormally dilated intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts without obvious lesions or stones or biliary tract injury stenosis. Sixteen patients underwent radical pancreaticoduodenectomy, and 1 patient underwent extrahepatic biliary resection combined with choledochojejunostomy for bile duct obstruction due to biliary stones, 3 patients had combined malignant tumors, 1 patient had a carcinoma of AH origin at the ampulla of Vater, and the other 2 patients had neoplastic lesions in the mucosal epithelium adjacent to the AH (cholangiocarcinoma and ampullary carcinoma, respectively). There were no significant differences in age, gender, bile duct stones, cholangitis, combined carcinoma and liver function indexes between the two groups of patients with AH of the Vaterian system (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Adenomyomatous hyperplasia of the Vaterian system was difficult to distinguish preoperatively from malignant tumors basing on its clinical presentations or imaging findings. Such patients are recommended to be treated surgically.

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Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 199-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993308

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Objective:To compare the results of operative versus interventional treatments in patients presenting with sentinel hemorrhage after hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery.Methods:The clinical data of patients presenting with sentinel hemorrhage after hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from August 2017 to July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 82 patients who were enrolled in this study, there were 50 males and 32 females, aged (59.0±7.7) years. The patients were divided into the interventional group ( n=42) and the surgical group ( n=40) based on the treatment they received for sentinel hemorrhage. The vascular injury rate, the first operation time for sentinel bleeding, the rate of successful hemostasis in a single operation, the number of deaths and other indicators were compared between groups. Results:In both the two groups of patients who underwent percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage, hepatectomy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, hilar cholangiocarcinoma resection and cholecystectomy were mainly performed hepatic artery injury, pancreaticoduodenectomy with gastroduodenal artery injury, and splenectomy with splenic artery injury. In the intervention group, 36 patients (85.7%) were successfully hemostasis after single treatment, and 32 patients (80.0%) in the operation group, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (χ 2=0.47, P=0.492). The first operation time for the intervention group was (40.5±8.5) min and the mortality rate was 2.4% (1/42), which were significantly better than that of the operation group (90.6±20.8) min and 15.0% (6/40) (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Interventional therapy can be used as the first-line diagnosis and treatment for sentinel bleeding after hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery. It has the advantages of a lower mortality rate in treating these patients.

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