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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4429-4437, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008697

ABSTRACT

Poria is an important medical herb in clinic. The authors isolated a polysaccharide(PCP-Ⅰ) from Poria in previous studies, which is composed of galactose, mannose, fucose and glucose. PCP-Ⅰ exhibited significant adjuvant effects on H1N1 influenza vaccine, hepatitis B surface antigen and anthrax protective antigen, and its adjuvant activity was stronger than aluminium adjuvant. However, little is known about the chemical structure of PCP-Ⅰ at present. In this study, weak acid hydrolysis was used to obtain the backbone oligosaccharide of PCP-Ⅰ. Then periodate oxidation, Smith degradation, methylation analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) were performed to investigate the chemical structural features of PCP-Ⅰ and its hydrolytic oligosaccharide(PCP-Ⅰ-hy-1). These results suggested that the backbone of PCP-Ⅰ was composed of galactose with α anomeric carbon and β anomeric carbon. The linking residues of galactan are(1→),(l→6) and(1→2,6).


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Vaccine , Poria , Hydrolysis , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Galactose , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Oligosaccharides , Carbon
2.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 110-116, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885990

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of spleen-invigorating and qi-benefiting pediatric massage (tuina) for treating recurrent respiratory tract infection in children with cerebral palsy due to qi deficiency of spleen and lung. Methods: A total of 70 children with cerebral palsy who suffered from recurrent respiratory tract infection due to qi deficiency of spleen and lung were randomized into an observation group and a control group by the random number table method, with 35 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with conventional rehabilitation training, while the observation group was given additional spleen-invigorating and qi-benefiting pediatric massage, and the control group additionally took oral Yu Ping Feng granule. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by the total effective rate, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptom score, and serum levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) A, IgM and IgG. Results: The difference in total effective rate between the two groups after treatment was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM symptom scores in both groups decreased to varying degrees than those before treatment, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01); the differences in the scores of various TCM symptoms between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of IgA, IgM and IgG of the children in both groups increased to varying degrees, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The between-group differences in the IgA, IgM and IgG levels after treatment were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Spleen-invigorating and qi-benefiting pediatric massage can effectively treat recurrent respiratory tract infection due to qi deficiency of spleen and lung in children with cerebral palsy, relieve the clinical symptoms and improve immune function, and thus is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2205-2213, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921124

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) has been demonstrated to influence the keloid recurrence rate after surgery and to relieve keloid symptoms and other pathological processes in keloids. To explore the mechanism of the effect of HBOT on keloids, tumor immune gene expression and immune cell infiltration were studied in this work.@*METHODS@#From February 2021 to April 2021, HBOT was carried out on keloid patients four times before surgery. Keloid tissue samples were collected and divided into an HBOT group (keloid with HBOT before surgery [HK] group, n = 6) and a non-HBOT group (K group, n = 6). Tumor gene expression was analyzed with an Oncomine Immune Response Research Assay kit. Data were mined with R package. The differentially expressed genes between the groups were compared. Hub genes between the groups were determined and verified with Quantitative Real-time PCR. Immune cell infiltration was analyzed based on CIBERSORT deconvolution algorithm analysis of gene expression and verified with immunohistochemistry (IHC).@*RESULTS@#Inflammatory cell infiltration was reduced in the HK group. There were 178 upregulated genes and 217 downregulated genes. Ten hub genes were identified, including Integrin Subunit Alpha M (ITGAM), interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-2, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor Type C (PTPRC), CD86, transforming growth factor (TGF), CD80, CTLA4, and IL-10. CD80, ITGAM, IL-4, and PTPRC with significantly downregulated expression were identified. IL-10 and IL-2 were upregulated in the HK group but without a significant difference. Infiltration differences of CD8 lymphocyte T cells, CD4 lymphocyte T-activated memory cells, and dendritic resting cells were identified with gene CIBERSORT deconvolution algorithm analysis. Infiltration levels of CD4 lymphocyte T cell in the HK group were significantly higher than those of the K group in IHC verification.@*CONCLUSION@#HBOT affected tumor gene expression and immune cell infiltration in keloids. CD4 lymphocyte T cell, especially activated memory CD4+T, might be the key regulatory immune cell, and its related gene expression needs further study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Keloid/therapy , Neoplasms , Oxygen
4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 678-681, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912825

ABSTRACT

With the development of Internet medical service, the traditional peer-to-peer access mode is difficult to meet the rapidly growing business demand. By means of information technology, our hospital has built an Internet application access management platform, formed a " three platforms and one center" management model, formulated an application access standard management process based on integrated access documents, introduced a series of information security measures, and constructed a set of Omni-directional and standardized Internet application access management system. It has been proved that the system could realize unified design, standard access, centralized management, and security audit for application access, could effectively solve the problems of Internet application access, and could also provide powerful data support for hospital medical, teaching and research work.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 331-333, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872272

ABSTRACT

As a designated hospital, Tongji Hospital shoulders the task of diagnosis and treatment of numerous patients of the disease. Based on the medical cloud platform, the hospital has initiated a regional remote diagnosis center; leveraging its IT system, the hospital initiates its epidemic prevention and management mechanism, sets up a self-service system for patients at the fever clinic, launches its online diagnosis and treatment services, and establishes a hospital epidemic supervision platform. By strengthening the informational support needed for epidemic prevention and control, the hospital has enhanced its efficiency of epidemic prevention and control, reducing the risk of cross-infection, and ensuring data security. Its experiences offer references for informationization support for other regions and hospitals in China.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): E003-E003, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811542

ABSTRACT

December of 2019 witnessed the outbreak of new coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan city and a few localities. As a designated hospital, Tongji Hospital is designated as a hospital for the diagnosis and treatment of numerous patients of such a disease. Based on the medical cloud platform, the hospital has initiated a regional remote diagnosis center; based on its IT system, the hospital to operate its epidemic prevention and management mechanism, set up the self-service system for patients at the fever clinic, launched its online diagnosis and treatment services, and established a hospital epidemic supervision platform. By strengthening the informational support needed for epidemic prevention and control, the hospital has enhanced its efficiency of epidemic prevention and control, reducing the risk of cross-infection, and ensuring data security. Its experiences offer references for informationization support for other regions and hospitals in China.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 48-52, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771519

ABSTRACT

The residue of the pesticides is closely related to the quality and safety of traditional Chinese medicines(TCMs) and has attracted widespread attention at home and abroad.This article analyzed the current status of pesticide residues in TCMs by summarizing the research results of recent years.At the same time,the methods for the detection of pesticide residues in TCMs were summarized,and the domestic and foreign pesticide residue limit standards for TCMs were compared,intending to provide reference and basis for the detection and control of pesticide residues in TCMs.


Subject(s)
Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pesticide Residues , Research
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1965-1973, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Recent studies have shown the important influence of various micro factors on the general biological activity and function of endothelial cells (ECs). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiogenin (ANG) are classic micro factors that promote proliferation, differentiation, and migration of ECs. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and related pathways of these micro factors remain the focus of current research.@*DATA SOURCES@#An extensive search was undertaken in the PubMed database by using keywords including "micro factors" and "endothelial cell." This search covered relevant research articles published between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2018.@*STUDY SELECTION@#Original articles, reviews, and other articles were searched and reviewed for content on micro factors of ECs.@*RESULTS@#VEGF and ANG have critical functions in the occurrence, development, and status of the physiological pathology of ECs. Other EC-associated micro factors include interleukin 10, tumor protein P53, nuclear factor kappa B subunit, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor. The results of Gene Ontology analysis revealed that variations were mainly enriched in positive regulation of transcription by the RNA polymerase II promoter, cellular response to lipopolysaccharides, negative regulation of apoptotic processes, external side of the plasma membrane, cytoplasm, extracellular regions, cytokine activity, growth factor activity, and identical protein binding. The results of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis revealed that micro factors were predominantly enriched in inflammatory diseases.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In summary, the main mediators, factors, or genes associated with ECs include VEGF and ANG. The effect of micro factors on ECs is complex and multifaceted. This review summarizes the correlation between ECs and several micro factors.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1965-1973, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802778

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Recent studies have shown the important influence of various micro factors on the general biological activity and function of endothelial cells (ECs). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiogenin (ANG) are classic micro factors that promote proliferation, differentiation, and migration of ECs. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and related pathways of these micro factors remain the focus of current research.@*Data sources@#An extensive search was undertaken in the PubMed database by using keywords including "micro factors" and "endothelial cell." This search covered relevant research articles published between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2018.@*Study selection@#Original articles, reviews, and other articles were searched and reviewed for content on micro factors of ECs. Results: VEGF and ANG have critical functions in the occurrence, development, and status of the physiological pathology of ECs. Other EC-associated micro factors include interleukin 10, tumor protein P53, nuclear factor kappa B subunit, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor. The results of Gene Ontology analysis revealed that variations were mainly enriched in positive regulation of transcription by the RNA polymerase II promoter, cellular response to lipopolysaccharides, negative regulation of apoptotic processes, external side of the plasma membrane, cytoplasm, extracellular regions, cytokine activity, growth factor activity, and identical protein binding. The results of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis revealed that micro factors were predominantly enriched in inflammatory diseases.@*Conclusions@#In summary, the main mediators, factors, or genes associated with ECs include VEGF and ANG. The effect of micro factors on ECs is complex and multifaceted. This review summarizes the correlation between ECs and several micro factors.

10.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 260-264, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Governor Vessel-unblocking and mind-refreshing acupuncture plus functional training on neural development in infants with brain damage and seek an effective method for early intervention of infantile brain damage.Methods:Eighty infants with brain injury were recruited and allocated to a treatment group and a control group by their visiting sequence,with 40 cases in each group.The control group received exercise training,40 min each session and 6 sessions a week,and tuina treatment,30 min each time and 6 times a week.Based on the treatment protocol for the control group,the treatment group additionally received Governor Vessel-unblocking and mind-refreshing acupuncture,3 times a week and 10 sessions as a course at a 2-week interval.Before the treatment and after 14-week treatment,the gross motor function measure (GMFM) and developmental quotient (DQ) of Bejing Gesell developmental scale were used to evaluate the development of the infants.Results:After the treatment,the GMFM score and DQs of Gesell scale all increased by different levels in the two groups,and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05);the scores of the treatment group were superior to those of the control group,and the between-group differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05).Conclusion:Governor Vessel-unblocking and mind-refreshing acupuncture plus functional training can significantly promote the development of gross motor and cognitive functions in infants with brain damage,and it is an early and effective intervention for infantile brain damage.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1184-1187, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738120

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the prospective association between childhood abuse experiences and depressive symptoms in adolescence.Methods Students in grade 3 and 4'from three primary schools were selected,with informed consent,through convenience cluster sampling in Bengbu,Anhui province in May 2013.The students' body height,weight were assessed.Childhood abuse experiences including emotional,physical or sexual abuses,as well as depressive symptoms were reported by children themselves.Data on parental educational background and household economic status were collected through parent questionnaire.A follow up was conducted 4 years later after baseline survey.Depressive symptoms were evaluated by using Children's Depression Inventory at baseline survey,and by using Mood and Feeling Questionnaire at follow-up.Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between childhood abuse experiences and depressive symptoms in adolescence.Results A total of 1 172 students were included in baseline survey,and a follow-up was conducted for 87.1% of them (n=1 021).Among 1 126 students with complete information on childhood abuse experiences at baseline survey,the reported rates of physical,emotional and sexual abuses were 12.8% (144/1 126),11.1% (125/1 126) and 10.9% (123/1 126),respectively.The prevalence of depressive symptoms at baseline survey and follow-up was 7.0% (82/1 172) and 12.3% (126/1 021),respectively.After adjusted for baseline depressive sympto ms,age at follow-up,sex,the only-child in family,household economic status,divorce of parents and BMI,childhood emotional and physical abuse experiences were significant risk factors for depressive symptoms in mid-adolescence,with the ORs were 1.86 (95%CI:1.03-3.36,P=0.039) and 2.37 (95%CI:1.39-4.03,P=0.001),respectively.Conclusion Childhood physical and emotional abuse might increase the risk of depressive symptoms in adolescence.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1184-1187, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736652

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the prospective association between childhood abuse experiences and depressive symptoms in adolescence.Methods Students in grade 3 and 4'from three primary schools were selected,with informed consent,through convenience cluster sampling in Bengbu,Anhui province in May 2013.The students' body height,weight were assessed.Childhood abuse experiences including emotional,physical or sexual abuses,as well as depressive symptoms were reported by children themselves.Data on parental educational background and household economic status were collected through parent questionnaire.A follow up was conducted 4 years later after baseline survey.Depressive symptoms were evaluated by using Children's Depression Inventory at baseline survey,and by using Mood and Feeling Questionnaire at follow-up.Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between childhood abuse experiences and depressive symptoms in adolescence.Results A total of 1 172 students were included in baseline survey,and a follow-up was conducted for 87.1% of them (n=1 021).Among 1 126 students with complete information on childhood abuse experiences at baseline survey,the reported rates of physical,emotional and sexual abuses were 12.8% (144/1 126),11.1% (125/1 126) and 10.9% (123/1 126),respectively.The prevalence of depressive symptoms at baseline survey and follow-up was 7.0% (82/1 172) and 12.3% (126/1 021),respectively.After adjusted for baseline depressive sympto ms,age at follow-up,sex,the only-child in family,household economic status,divorce of parents and BMI,childhood emotional and physical abuse experiences were significant risk factors for depressive symptoms in mid-adolescence,with the ORs were 1.86 (95%CI:1.03-3.36,P=0.039) and 2.37 (95%CI:1.39-4.03,P=0.001),respectively.Conclusion Childhood physical and emotional abuse might increase the risk of depressive symptoms in adolescence.

13.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 611-618, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743047

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the physicochemical properties and immunomodulatory activities of crude polysaccharides and their fractions from Sophorae Flavescentis Radix. Methods The crude polysaccharide (SFP-100) was obtained successively by boiling Sophorae Flavescentis Radix in water, ethanol precipitating, dialyzing and freeze drying. SFP-100 was separated withDEAE-cellulose column to obtain three fractions, and these fractions were fruther separated with Sephadex G-100 column to obtain their sub-fractions. The sugar content was determined by phenol-sulfuric acid method, the molecular distribution was determined with gel filtration chromatography, and the monosaccharide composition was analyzed with capillary electrophoresis after PMP derivatization. The immunobiological activities were estimated by measuring the proliferation of mouse spleen lymphocytes as well as the IFN-secretion in mouse splenocytes and the TNF-α secretion in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Results The yield of SFP-100 from Sophorae Flavescentis Radix was 4.83% and sugar content was 71.62%. SFP-100 was separated into three fractions SFP-100-A, SFP-100-B and SFP-100-C, whose yields were 3.5%, 25.6% and 16.7%, and the sugar content was 85.99%, 72.09% and 24.30%, respectively.The monosaccharide composition and their molar ratio for SFP-100-A, SFP-100-B and SFP-100-C were Ara∶Glc∶Gal=7.16∶91.02∶1.82, Xyl∶Ara∶Glc∶Rha∶Gal∶GalA=0.05∶1.00∶0.85∶0.04∶0.35∶0.43, and Xyl∶Ara∶Glc∶Rha∶Gal∶GlcA∶GalA=0.20∶1.00∶0.33∶0.36∶0.45∶0.55∶14.37, respectively. SFP-100-B was further separated into two sub-fractions SFP-100-B-a and SFP-100-B-b with Sephadex G-100, and the other two sub-fractions SFP-100-C-a and SFP-100-C-b were also obtained with the same Sephadex G-100 from SFP-100-C. SFP-100-B-a showed a main wide peak, which had the relative molecular weight 1.02×105 and monosaccharide composition Ara∶Glc∶Rha∶Gal = 1.00∶0.06∶0.02∶0.29. Meanwhile, the relative molecular weight and monosaccharide composition were 5.43×104 and Xyl∶Glc =1.00∶3.81 for the main peak of SFP-100-C-a, and 2.75×104 and Ara∶Glc∶Rha∶Gal∶GlcA∶GalA=1.00∶2.10∶0.57∶0.74∶1.09∶33.75 for the main peak of SFP-100-C-b, respectively. The crude polysaccharides SFP-100 and its fractions, SFP-100-B and SFP-100-C, as well as the sub-fractions, SFP-100-B-a, SFP-100-B-b and SFP-100-C-a, increased the proliferation of spleen cells, all in a dose-dependent manner. Further, SFP-100 could improve the secretion of IFN-γ and TNF-α in spleen cells, while SFP-100-B, SFP-100-C, SFP-100-B-a and SFP-100-B-b could stimulate the secretion of IFN-γ. Conclusion The crude polysaccharides of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and their fractions showed a good immunomodulatory activity, which may be related to the clinical use of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix for the anti-HBV and anti-inflammatory therapy.

14.
Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ; (12): 179-183, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695885

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore an effective method in intervening brain injury syndrome in early stage. Method Eighty patients with brain injury syndrome admitted to Child's Rehabilitation Department of Nanhai Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine during January 2016 and December 2016 were enrolled and randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 40 cases each. The control group was intervened by functional training, while the treatment group was intervened by Tong Du Xing Shen (unblocking the Governor Vessel and awakening the mind) needling based on the functional training. The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated by using the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and Gesell Developmental Scales after 12-week treatment. Result After the treatment, the GMFM and Gesell scores increased after the treatment in both groups to different extent (P<0.05), and the therapeutic efficacy of the treatment group was superior to that of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Tong Du Xing Shen needling plus functional training can significantly promote the development of the gross motor function and cognitive function of brain injury patients, and it's an effective intervention method in early stage of brain injury syndrome.

15.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 816-822, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333420

ABSTRACT

The antisense transcript long non-coding RNA (1ncRNA) (antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus,ANRIL) is an antisense of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B (CDKN2B) gene on chromosome 9p21 that contains an overlapping 299-bp region and shares a bidirectional promoter with alternate open reading frame (ARF).In the context of gene regulation,ANRIL is responsible for directly recruiting polycomb group (PcG) proteins,including polycomb repressive complex-1 (PRC-1) and polycomb repressive complex-2 (PRC-2),to modify the epigenetic chrornatin state and subsequently inhibit gene expression in cis-regulation.On the other hand,previous reports have indicated that ANRIL is capable of binding to a specific site or sequence,including the Alu element,E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1),and CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF),to achieve trans-regulation functions.In addition to its function in cell proliferation,adhesion and apoptosis,ANRIL is very closely associated with atherosclerosis-related diseases.The different transcripts and the SNPs that are related to atherosclerotic vascular diseases (ASVD-SNPs) are inextricably linked to the development and progression of atherosclerosis.Linear transcripts have been shown to be a risk factor for atherosclerosis,whereas circular transcripts are protective against atherosclerosis.Furthermore,ANRIL also acts as a component of the inflammatory pathway involved in the regulation of inflammation,which is considered to be one of the causes of atherosclerosis.Collectively,ANRIL plays an important role in the formation of atherosclerosis,and the artificial modification of ANRIL transcripts should be considered following the development of this disease.

16.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 569-573, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951611

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between genetic factor and prostate cancer (Pca) risk and the possible cause in it. Methods: The polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 family 17 (CYPl7) rs743572, p27 V109G and androgen receptor (AR) gene CAG repeat length in peripheral blood from 70 cases and 70 controls were detected through the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique or short tandem repeat-polymerase chain reaction technique. Then, according to the results of case-control study, the recombinant plasmids containing the wild/mutant p27 gene were constructed and transfected Pca LNcap cells. After 24 and 72 h of transfection, the cell proliferative activity was determined by MTT method, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, and the expression level of bcl-2, caspase-3 and p27 protein was determined by Western-blot. Results: In three target polymorphisms, only p27 V109G polymorphism was related to Pca risk (P = 0.030, OR = 0.202, 95% CI = 0.042-0.973). Pca risk of p27-109G allele was lower than -109V allele (P = 0.006, OR = 0.285, 95% CI = 0.110-0.737). Cells transfected with wild/mutant p27 gene both showed the higher cells apoptosis rate and the lower cell proliferative activity than mock cells (P < 0.05 or 0.01), the regulatory effect of mutant p27 on cell proliferation and apoptosis was stronger than the wild p27 (P < 0.05). Conclusions: p27-109G allele that could cause higher p27 protein expression than -109V allele in LNcap cells, maybe is the protective factor of Pca.

17.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 569-573, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between genetic factor and prostate cancer (Pca) risk and the possible cause in it.@*METHODS@#The polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 family 17 (CYPl7) rs743572, p27 V109G and androgen receptor (AR) gene CAG repeat length in peripheral blood from 70 cases and 70 controls were detected through the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique or short tandem repeat-polymerase chain reaction technique. Then, according to the results of case-control study, the recombinant plasmids containing the wild/mutant p27 gene were constructed and transfected Pca LNcap cells. After 24 and 72 h of transfection, the cell proliferative activity was determined by MTT method, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, and the expression level of bcl-2, caspase-3 and p27 protein was determined by Western-blot.@*RESULTS@#In three target polymorphisms, only p27 V109G polymorphism was related to Pca risk (P = 0.030, OR = 0.202, 95% CI = 0.042-0.973). Pca risk of p27-109G allele was lower than -109V allele (P = 0.006, OR = 0.285, 95% CI = 0.110-0.737). Cells transfected with wild/mutant p27 gene both showed the higher cells apoptosis rate and the lower cell proliferative activity than mock cells (P < 0.05 or 0.01), the regulatory effect of mutant p27 on cell proliferation and apoptosis was stronger than the wild p27 (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#p27-109G allele that could cause higher p27 protein expression than -109V allele in LNcap cells, maybe is the protective factor of Pca.

18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 103-107, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate risk factors and clinical outcome of coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) developed after drug-eluting stent implantation evidenced by coronary angiographic follow-up.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study analyzed 4500 consecutive patient with de novo coronary artery stenosis receiving drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation from January 2004 to May 2009. Seven hundred and sixty patients with angiographic follow-ups at 6 - 8 months and 28 - 48 months after the index procedure were enrolled. CAA was defined as a localized dilatation exceeding 1.5 times the diameter of the adjacent artery. The independent risk factors and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target-vessel revascularization (TVR) and in-stent thrombosis were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CAA was detected in 70 patients with 70 lesions (9.2%, 70/760). Logistic analysis showed that lesion in an infarct-related artery (OR: 5.9, P < 0.01), lesion in the left anterior descending artery (OR: 4.5, P < 0.01), lesion with chronic total occlusion (OR: 3.4, P < 0.05), and lesion length > 33 mm (OR: 2.9, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for CAA. Follow-up duration was (1131 ± 478) days. MACE was found in 19 patients and all received TVR. There were 11 patients with myocardial infarction and 8 patients with evidence of in-stent thrombosis. Mortality was zero during follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The risk factors for the development of CAA after DES are lesions in an infarct-related artery, in the left anterior descending artery, with chronic total occlusion, and with lesion length > 33 mm. MACE is not uncommon in patients with CAA and long-ferm clinical follow-up is warranted for patients with CAA.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Aneurysm , Coronary Restenosis , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Logistic Models , Prognosis , Risk Factors
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1247-1251, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342195

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The double kissing (DK) crush technique is a modified version of the crush technique. It is specifically designed to increase the success rate of the final kissing balloon post-dilatation, but its efficacy and safety remain unclear.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data were obtained from the DKCRUSH-I trial, a prospective, randomized, multi-center study to evaluate safety and efficacy. Post-procedural and eight-month follow-up intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis was available in 61 cases. Volumetric analysis using Simpson's method within the Taxus stent, and cross-sectional analysis at the five sites of the main vessel (MV) and three sites of the side branch (SB) were performed. Impact of the bifurcation angle on stent expansion at the carina was also evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Stent expansion in the SB ostium was significantly less in the classical crush group ((53.81 ± 13.51)%) than in the DK crush group ((72.27 ± 11.46)%) (P = 0.04). For the MV, the incidence of incomplete crush was 41.9% in the DK group and 70.0% in the classical group (P = 0.03). The percentage of neointimal area at the ostium had a tendency to be smaller in the DK group compared with the classical group ((16.4 ± 19.2)% vs. (22.8 ± 27.1)%, P = 0.06). The optimal threshold of post-procedural minimum stent area (MSA) to predict follow-up minimum lumen area (MLA) < 4.0 mm(2) at the SB ostium was 4.55 mm(2), yielding an area under the curve of 0.80 (95% confidence interval: 0.61 to 0.92).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our data suggest that the DK crush technique is associated with improved quality of the final kissing balloon inflation (FKBI) and had smaller optimal cutoff value of post-procedural MSA at the SB ostium.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Ultrasonography
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1039-1042, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239036

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of Qiangjing Capsule (QC) on the oxidative amd antioxidative system in the epididymis of varicocele rats in comparison with those of Shaofuzhuyu Capsule (SC) and Wuziyanzong Capsule (WC), and to explore its possible mechanism of enhancing epididymal sperm maturation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten of 100 adolescent male SD rats were randomized to a sham-operation group, and varicocele models were successfully established in 72 of the other 90 by narrowing of the left renal vein. Then the model rats were equally assigned to 6 groups: model control, high-dose QC (0.216 g/ml), medium-dose QC (0.108 g/ml), low-dose QC (0.054 g/ml), SC (0.146 g/ml), and WC (0.130 g/ml). After 4 weeks of treatment, we determined the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the left epididymis of different groups of rats.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the sham-operation group, the model group showed a significant decrease in GPx activity (P < 0.01) and a marked increase in the MDA level (P < 0.05). And the high-dose QC group exhibited a significantly hither GPx activity and lower MDA level than all the other groups (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Varicocele can reduce the activity of GPx and elevate the level of MDA in the epididymis of rats, while Qiangjing Capsule can increase the former and decrease the latter, and thereby may improve epididymal microenvironment, enhance epididymal sperm maturation and promote fertility.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antioxidants , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Epididymis , Metabolism , Glutathione Peroxidase , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Varicocele , Metabolism
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