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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 119-123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973373

ABSTRACT

Enteroviruses are currently divided into groups A to J, among which groups A to D can infect human body. People infected with enterovirus can present invisible infection, which can lead to different clinical symptoms when the immunity is weakened. Among the diseases caused by enteroviruses, hand-foot-mouth disease, herpetic angina, and encephalitis have attracted much attention. Coxsackie virus A21 (CV-A21) belongs to enterovirus C group, which mainly causes acute respiratory tract infection. According to research reports, CV-A21 infection has been found in many countries and regions, and the infection scope is gradually expanding. In the past two years, it has been found that CV-A21 infection has a significant association with the outbreak of acute respiratory tract infection. This indicates that acute respiratory tract infection caused by CV-A21 infection may have potential public health problems. However, there are few studies on the epidemiology and pathogenic mechanism of this virus, and most of the studies are on the mechanism of its oncolytic action on specific malignant tumors. Therefore, in this paper, the structural characteristics, epidemiological characteristics, infection mechanism and oncolytic effects of CV-A21 are reviewed to provide relevant clues for the understanding and exploration of CV-A21.

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 386-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore application value and efficacy of personalized osteotomy in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for severe varus knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From June 2018 to January 2020, 36 patients (49 knees) with severe varus knee osteoarthritis were treated, including 15 males (21 knees) and 21 females (28 knees), aged from 59 to 82 years old with an average of (67.6 ± 6.5) years old;the course of disease ranged from 9.5 to 20.5 years with an average of (15.0 ± 5.0) years;11 patients (15 knees) with Kellgren-Lawrence grade Ⅲ and 25 patients (34 knees) with grade Ⅳ according to Kellgren-Lawrence grading. According to AORI clsssification of tibial bone defects, 8 patients (15 knees) were typeⅠTa and 16 patients (18 knees) were typeⅡ T2a. All patients' femor-tibial angle (FTA) was above 15°, and received primary TKA with personalized osteotomy. Thirty-three patients (45 knees) were treated with posterior-stabilized (PS) prostheses, 13 patients (15 knees) with PS prostheses combined with a metal pad and extension rod on the tibial side, and 3 patients (4 knees) with legacy constrained condylar knee (LCCK) prostheses. FTA, posterior condylar angle (PCA), medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) and lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA) before and after operation at 1 month were measured and compared by using picture archiving and communication systems (PACS). Recovery of lower limbs before and after operation at 12 months was evaluated by American Knee Society Score(KSS), and complications were observed and recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 36 patients (49 knees) were followed up from 15 to 40 months with an average of (23.46±7.65) months. FTA, MPTA were corrected from preoperative (18.65±4.28)° and (83.75±3.65)° to postoperative (2.35±1.46)° and (88.85±2.25)° at 1 month, respectively (P<0.001). PCA was decreased from (2.42±2.16)° before operation to (1.65±1.35)° at 1 month after operation, LDFA improved from (89.56 ± 3.55)° before operation to (91.63±3.38)° at 1 month after operation (P<0.05). KSS increased from (67.58±24.16) before opertion to(171.31±15.24) at 12 months after operation, 14 patients (19 knees) got excellent result, 19 (26 knees) good, and 3 (4 knees) fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Personalized osteotomy is helpful for recovery of axial alignment of lower limbs and correct placement of prosthesis, could effectively relieve pain of knee joint, recover knee joint function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteotomy , Tibia/surgery
3.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e38-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967219

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The molecular classification system of endometrial carcinoma (EC) in ‘The Cancer Genome Atlas’ is widely acknowledged for its prognostic utility. Subsequently, more simplified classification system that incorporate DNA polymerase epsilon (POLE) exonuclease domain mutations, mismatch repair deficiencies (MMRd), and abnormal p53 (P53abn) has also demonstrated its clinical utility. These classifications helped identifying a ‘POLE ultramutated’ (POLEmut) category of patients, most of whom show excellent prognoses despite having high-grade ECs. We aimed to investigate the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of high-grade ECs with POLEmut. @*Methods@#We investigated 414 patients with high-grade ECs (including endometrioid carcinomas grade 3, serous carcinomas, clear cell carcinomas, mixed carcinomas, undifferentiated and dedifferentiated carcinomas, and carcinosarcomas) by sequencing and immunohistochemical staining. @*Results@#Forty-three tumors (10.4%) were classified as POLEmut, including 2 with new, possibly pathogenic POLE mutations at P286C and L424V. These patients had very good prognoses except for 1 with stage IV disease and residual tumor. Eleven patients in this group also had P53abn and 4 had MMRd; molecular analysis revealed that patients with synchronous POLE pathogenic mutation and other mutations had a POLEmut or MMRd phenotype; survival analysis found no difference in prognosis between these patient categories. The prognoses of patients in the POLEmut EC group were not significantly influenced by treatment or risk category. @*Conclusions@#Patients with high-grade EC exhibiting POLEmut have very good clinical outcomes, and should be identified urgently in daily work owing to their conflicting morphology. Our findings also provide guidance on subclassifying ECs with poor histological appearance.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 556-561, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958225

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the binding ability of motifs in the serine/threonine kinase StkP extracellular region (EC-StkP) of Streptococcus pneumoniae to β-lactam antibiotics. Methods:Three motifs (SXXK) in the EC-StkP were mutated into AXXA, respectively or simultaneously. Four mutant plasmids (EC- stkp-AXXA1, EC- stkp-AXXA2, EC- stkp-AXXA3 and EC- stkp-AXXA4) were transfected into recipient cells for cloning and expression. SDS-PAGE combined with gel image analysis was used to detect the expression of the recombinant mutant proteins (EC-rStkP-AXXA1, EC-rStkP-AXXA2, EC-rStkP-AXXA3 and EC-rStkP-AXXA4). The expressed mutated proteins were extracted and purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. The binding abilities of the mutant proteins to penicillin (PCN) and cefotaxime (CTX) were detected by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC 200) and surface plasmon resonance (Biacore t200). Results:PCN and CTX could not bind to the expressed proteins with mutations in the first or the third motif (EC-rStkP-AXXA1, EC-rStkP-AXXA3, EC-rStkP-AXXA4). EC-rStkP-AXXA2 could weakly bind to CTX, but not to PCN.Conclusions:All three motifs in the EC-StkP of Streptococcus pneumoniae could bind to β-lactam antibiotics with the first and the third motifs being more important.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1847-1853, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of capacity, opportunity, motivation-behavior (COM-B) model based self-care health platform for colorectal cancer patients with enterostomy.Methods:A total of 84 patients with permanent enterostomy for colorectal cancer treated in our hospital from May 2020 to April 2021 were selected and divided into the intervention group and the control group by random number table method, 42 cases in each group. The control group was treated with routine nursing, and the intervention group was treated with a self-care health platform based on COM-B model. Patients′ self-care ability, self-efficacy level and the incidence of enterostomy-related complications were evaluated before and after the intervention.Results:Finally, 41 cases were included in the intervention group and 40 cases in the control group. Before intervention, there were no significant differences in self-concept, self-care skills, self-responsibility, health knowledge level and total score of self-care ability between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). After intervention, the total scores of self-concept, self-care skills, self-responsibility, health knowledge and self-care ability in the intervention group were (26.14 ± 1.13), (39.49 ± 2.13), (16.20 ± 2.08), (50.95 ± 5.56), (132.78 ± 6.47), which were higher than those in the control group (19.35 ± 2.07), (29.88 ± 3.52), (9.85 ± 3.25), (43.13 ± 6.71), (102.20 ± 11.47), the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 5.72-18.28, all P<0.05). Before intervention, there was no significant difference in self-efficacy scores between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). After intervention, the self-efficacy score of the intervention group (88.20 ± 6.90) was higher than that of the control group (74.63 ± 3.59), the difference was statistically significant ( t=11.14, P<0.05). After intervention, the incidence of enterostomy-related complications in the intervention group was 7.31%(3/41), lower than 27.50%(11/40) in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=5.36, P<0.05). Conclusion:The construction of self-care health platform for colorectal cancer patients with enterostomy based on COM-B model can effectively improve the self-care ability and self-efficacy of patients, and reduce the incidence of complications.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 475-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934768

ABSTRACT

Objective To validate whether the expression of human cluster of differentiation 55 (hCD55) protein in porcine islet cells could inhibit the activation of complement components in human serum. Methods Four adult pigs with WT (wild type), GTKO [α-1, 3-galactosyltransferase (GGTA1) knockout], GTKO/hCD55 and hCD55 genotypes were selected. Islet cells were isolated from WT, GTKO and GTKO/hCD55 pigs, and the purity and insulin secretion function were detected. The expression of hCD55 at the DNA, RNA and protein levels was analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and flow cytometry, respectively. Complement-dependent cytotoxicity assay and complement deposition assay were performed under the incubation conditions with fresh human serum. Results The purity of isolated porcine islet cells from three genotype pigs was > 75%, and the glycemic index was > 1. The expression of hCD55 messenger RNA(mRNA) and protein in GTKO/hCD55 porcine islet cells decreased the deposition of human complement component C3c and membrane-attacking complex C5b-9, and reduced the cytotoxicity. Conclusions The expression of hCD55 protein in porcine islet cells could inhibit the activation of human complement and reduce complement-mediated killing effect, indicating that hCD55 protein could exert complement protection effect on porcine islet cells. These findings provide theoretical basis for the application of hCD55 in islet xenotransplantation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 411-416, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933572

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate prognostic factors for acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) , and to construct a nomogram to verify the predictive value of these factors.Methods:Clinical data on 1 573 patients with ALM were collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database of National Cancer Institute in United States between 2004 and 2015. Data about patients′ age, gender, ulcer status, SEER staging, surgical protocols, T-, N- and M-staging, overall survival rates and disease-specific survival rates were extracted. Chi-square test was used to analyze the correlation of clinical characteristics with overall survival rates and melanoma-specific survival rates, and univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to investigate prognostic factors and establish predictive models.Results:Among the 1 537 patients with ALM, 714 were males, 823 were females, 818 were under 64 years of age, and 1 363 were Caucasian. Skin lesions occurred on the lower limbs and buttocks in 1 205 cases, and 974 cases had ulcers; according to the SEER staging, non-spread localized skin lesions were observed in 1 048 cases. There were significant differences in the mortality rate among patients of different ages at diagnosis, different gender, with different ulcer status, surgical status, and at different SEER stages, T-stages, N-stages and M-stages (all P < 0.001) . Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age ≥ 65 years, male, ulcers and distant lymph node metastasis in the SEER staging were associated with increased risk of death in the patients (all P < 0.05) , and the mortality rate was significantly higher in the patients with T2-, T3- or T4-stage ALM than in those with T1-stage ALM (all P < 0.05) , and higher in the patients with N1-, N2- and N3-stage ALM than in those with N0-stage ALM (all P < 0.05) . Conclusion:Age, gender, ulcer status, SEER stage, T-stage and N-stage are independent prognostic factors for overall survival rates and disease-specific survival rates of ALM.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 178-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of body composition, dietary intake and vitamin D status of school-age wasting children, and to provide evidence for individual dietary intervention and nutrient supplement.Methods:From September to December 2019, we chose wasting children aged 6-10 years old in the nutrition clinic of Beijing Children's Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University, and a retrospective case-control study was adopted. To detect body composition and vitamin D level, and conduct dietary survey and assessment. The measurement data of normal distribution were compared by independent sample t-test. The relationship between the two variables was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Rank sum test was used to compare rank data.Results:A total of 60 subjects were studied, including 30 boys and 30 girls. The percentage of inorganic salt in boys (6.81±0.37)% is higher than that in girls (6.37±0.59)%, the difference was statistically significant ( t=7.75, P=0.009). Compared with the target values of normal children of the same age and gender, the contents of fat in boys ((2.39±1.25) kg and (4.20±0.95) kg, t=43.05, P<0.001), in girls ((2.66±1.20) kg and (4.91±1.41) kg, t=59.87, P<0.001); muscle in boys ((17.35±3.23) kg and (21.57±4.94) kg, t=16.89, P<0.001), in girls ((17.69±3.03) kg and (21.79±4.36) kg, t=20.97, P<0.001); total water in boys ((13.54±2.52) kg and (16.80±3.86) kg, t=16.51, P<0.001), in girls ((13.82±2.36) kg and (16.96±3.40) kg, t=20.20, P<0.001); protein in boys ((3.58±0.67) kg and (4.51±1.04) kg, t=18.68, P<0.001), in girls ((3.65±0.63) kg and (4.55±0.92) kg, t=24.55, P<0.001); inorganic salt in boys ((1.42±0.25) kg and (1.56±0.36) kg, t=4.28, P=0.036), in girls ((1.37±0.27) kg and (1.56±0.30) kg, t=8.24, P=0.006) were all significantly reduced. The total energy intake of all the children were lower than the recommended intake for children of the same age and gender. Among them, 70.00%(42/60) of children had insufficient energy intake for breakfast, 50.00% (30/60) for lunch and 40.00%(24/60) for dinner. In terms of energy intake of three macronutrients, 53.33%(32/60) of children were deficient in carbohydrate, 50.00%(30/60) in protein and 58.33%(35/60) in fat. The mean content of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was (46.95±14.53) nmol/L in male and (46.41±14.51) nmol/L in female, all of them had Vitamin Dinsufficiency. Conclusion:Wasting children should be tested for body composition and vitamin D levels, to get individualized dietary instruction and nutrient supplementation, and improve nutritional status.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 48-54, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical characteristics and genetic characteristics of children with ATP sensitive potassium passage (K ATP-HI). Methods:Forty-five children with genetically confirmed K ATP-HI and their families admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital of Capital Medical University between February 2002 and December 2018 were selected as the study subjects. A detailed retrospective analysis of the patient's clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment process, disease-causing gene carrying status and later follow-up data was performed. ABCC8/KCNJ11 gene was sequenced by second-generation sequencing technology. Results:Among 45 children with K ATP-HI, 34 cases (75.6%) were neonatal onset, the first symptoms of 21 cases (46.7%) were convulsions. 39 cases had been treated with diazoxide, including 12 cases (30.8%) with good efficacy, 16 cases (41%) with poor efficacy and 11 cases with uncertain efficacy. Octreotide was further applied in 18 patients with uncertain or ineffective efficacy after diazoxide treatment, and 13 cases (72.2%) were effective, 3 cases were ineffective, and 2 cases were uncertain. 10 CHI patients who were ineffective to drug treatment or had clearly focal lesions confirmed by 18F-dopa positron emission by computed tomography ( 18F-DOPA PET) scans had undergone surgical treatment, 8 of which underwent partial pancreatectomy and blood glucose returned to normal after the operation; the other 2 cases underwent subtotal pancreatectomy and both had secondary diabetes after operation. Among 45 children with K ATP-HI, 1 case carried both ABCC8 and KCNJ11 mutations, 10 cases carried ABCC8 compound heterozygous mutations, and the remaining 34 cases carried ABCC8/KCNJ11 single genetic mutation. Among them, 21 cases had paternal inheritance, and 3 cases had maternal inheritance, 6 cases were identified with de novo mutations. Conclusions:Diazoxide treatment was ineffective for most K ATP-HI children, but octreotide had a higher effective rate. Partial pancreatectomy for focal type patients had a higher cure rate, and there was a risk of secondary diabetes after subproximal pancreatectomy, so it was very important to clarify the histological type of children before surgery. ABCC8 gene mutations and KCNJ11 gene mutations were the main pathogenic genes of K ATP-HI. Among patients carrying mutations in single ABCC8 or KCNJ11 gene mutation, K ATP-HI inherited by paternity were the majority. Some K ATP-HI children can relieve the hypoglycemia symptoms by themselves.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 228-232, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913149

ABSTRACT

Children with infantile cholestatic liver disease are often accompanied by malnutrition, which in turn can affect its progression and prognosis. There are many factors causing malnutrition and various methods for malnutrition assessment, but there is still a lack of uniform standard for nutritional assessment in patients with liver diseases, and a variety of indicators and methods are required for comprehensive analysis and assessment. This article analyzes the common causes of malnutrition in children with cholestatic liver disease, introduces the different methods for nutritional assessment, including anthropometric measurements, laboratory examination, and nutritional assessment tools, and elaborates on nutritional intervention treatment, so as to improve the understanding of nutritional problems in children with cholestatic liver disease. Early identification and rational interventions can help to improve the quality of life and prognosis of children.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 155-162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940564

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study on the suitable cryopreservation conditions of Carthamus tinctorius seeds. MethodThe germination rate,relative conductivity,soluble sugar,soluble protein, and related enzyme activities of C. tinctorius seeds, as well as the hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) content in Carthami Flos after storage and breeding for four months were detected under different temperature conditions (long-term storage,medium-term storage,short-term storage,room temperature,and ultra-low temperature refrigerator),different water content (8.1%,6.6%,5.2%,and 3.9%),and different storage time (2,4,6,8, 10 months). SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis. ResultDuring the storage for 10 months,the changing trend of the germination rate of C. tinctorius seeds revealed that it was more suitable to store seeds with low water content at a lower temperature. The differences in germination rate of seeds caused by storage temperature,seeds water content, and storage time were statistically significant. After storage for 10 months,the germination rate was significantly correlated with other detection indexes. ConclusionThe proper water content of C. tinctorius seeds in long-term and medium-term storage is 5.2% or 6.6%,and that in short-term and ultra-low temperature refrigerator is 3.9% or 5.2%. As revealed by the comparison results, the optimal storage conditions for C. tinctorius seeds were long-term storage and water content of 5.2%, which resulted in the highest germination rate and content of soluble sugar and soluble protein and the lowest relative conductivity after storage for 10 months. Additionally, the content of hydroxy safflor yellow A (HSYA) in Carthami Flos obtained after breeding and regeneration for four months was higher than that obtained after room temperature storage.

12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 445-452, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928925

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To illustrate the research framework, overall knowledge structure, and development trends of Chinese medicine (CM) treatment for osteosarcoma (OS) by using a bibliometric analysis and newly developed visualization tools.@*METHODS@#Research datasets were acquired from the Web of Science (WOS) database from January 1, 1980 to September 30, 2019. VOS viewer and Citespace software was used to analyze the data and generate visualization knowledge maps. Annual trends of publications, distribution of institutes, distribution of journals, citation and H-index status, co-authorship status, research hotspots and co-citation status were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 223 publications in the WOS database met the requirement. The number of published articles showed a rise but the citation frequency and the H-index of China were relatively low. The cooperation between the countries, institutes and authors were relatively weak. Most publications were basic researches. Most of the previous researches focused on basic mechanisms of CM in treating OS, and therapy and improvement of dosage form may become a frontier in this research field.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with other fields, the field of CM treatment for osteosarcome is still in infancy. The distribution of researches is imbalanced and cooperation between countries, institutions and authors remains to be strengthened. Furthermore, basic research occupies an absolute dominant position, and the exploration of the molecular mechanism of CM in preventing and treating OS may become a key point in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bibliometrics , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteosarcoma/therapy , Publications
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 441-446, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927526

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Massive bleeding is the main concern for the management of placenta percreta (PP). Intra-abdominal aortic balloon occlusion (IABO) is one method for pelvic devascularization, but the efficacy of IABO is uncertain. This study aims to investigate the outcomes of IABO in PP patients.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of PP cases from six tertiary centers in China between January 2011 and December 2015. PP cases with/without the use of IABO were analyzed. Propensity score matching analysis was performed to reduce the effect of selection bias. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and the rate of hysterectomy, as well as neonatal outcomes, were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#One hundred and thirty-two matched pairs of patients were included in the final analysis. Compared with the control group, maternal outcomes, including PPH (68.9% vs. 87.9%, χ2 = 13.984, P < 0.001), hysterectomy (8.3% vs. 65.2%, χ2 = 91.672, P < 0.001), and repeated surgery (1.5% vs. 12.1%, χ2 = 11.686, P = 0.001) were significantly reduced in the IABO group. For neonatal outcomes, Apgar scores at 1 minute (8.67 ± 1.79 vs. 8.53 ± 1.68, t = -0.638, P = 0.947) and 5 minutes (9.43 ± 1.55 vs. 9.53 ± 1.26, t = 0.566, P = 0.293) were not significantly different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IABO can significantly reduce blood loss, hysterectomies, and repeated surgeries. This procedure has not shown harmful effects on neonatal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Aorta , Balloon Occlusion/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Hysterectomy , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Placenta Previa/surgery , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies
14.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e77-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915119

ABSTRACT

Background@#Some long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to contribute to cisplatin resistance. Here, we identified a novel lncRNA that was downregulated in cisplatin-resistant to ovarian cancer (OC) cells and aimed to examine the contribution of LINC01508 to cisplatin resistance in OC cells. @*Methods@#Differences in the lncRNA expression profile between OV2008 and C13K cells were assessed by lncRNA expression microarray. The expression of LINC01508 in ovarian epithelial cells, four OC cells, and OC, benign ovary tumor and normal ovary, cisplatin-resistant and non-resistant OC specimens were evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The role of LINC01508 in OC cisplatin-resistant was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, colony formation, wound healing, Transwell, and tumor growth inhibition study in vivo. The clinical associations of LINC01508 in OC were evaluated using correlation analysis. The effects of verteporfin (VP) on cisplatin were explored to reveal the function of the hippo-YAP pathway on the cisplatin tolerance of C13K. @*Results@#LINC01508 was downregulated in cisplatin-resistant OC cells and platinum-resistant OC tissue (p<0.01). LINC01508 downregulation was correlated with tumor size, residual tumor, and platinum resistance. The overexpression of LINC01508 improves in vitro and in vivo sensitivity to cisplatin while predicts the poor overall survival which need further follow-up research. The increased level of LINC01508 could suppress the cisplatin resistance of OC cells through the inhibition of the hippo-YAP pathway. @*Conclusions@#The study proposes that dysregulation of LINC01508 expression results in resistance of OC to cisplatin through the inhibition of the hippo-YAP pathway.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 283-286, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883602

ABSTRACT

Combining with advances in optogenetics and feedback control of physiological function, we have utilized self-made PPDP (preview, presentation, demonstration, promotion) teaching method to clarify how various physiological functions are regulated by the nervous system and carried out physiological innovation experiment activities. The innovative experiments aim to cultivate students' self-study capability, broaden their vision, enhance their interest in physiology, and finally promote the effect of physiological theory teaching. We herein summarize our practice of closed-loop control of innovative experimental teaching in optogenetics from the following four facets: education concept, students and teacher resources, teaching design, and teaching experience. This summary is trying to explore new experiences of promoting students' participation in teaching activities and improving the teaching quality of physiology.

16.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 144-154, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880953

ABSTRACT

Oocyte cryopreservation is widely used for clinical and social reasons. Previous studies have demonstrated that conventional slow-freezing cryopreservation procedures, but not storage time, can alter the gene expression profiles of frozen oocytes. Whether vitrification procedures and the related frozen storage durations have any effects on the transcriptomes of human metaphase II oocytes remain unknown. Four women (30-32 years old) who had undergone IVF treatment were recruited for this study. RNA-Seq profiles of 3 fresh oocytes and 13 surviving vitrified-thawed oocytes (3, 3, 4, and 3 oocytes were cryostored for 1,2, 3, and 12 months) were analyzed at a single-cell resolution. A total of 1987 genes were differentially expressed in the 13 vitrified-thawed oocytes. However, no differentially expressed genes were found between any two groups among the 1-, 2-, 3-, and 12-month storage groups. Further analysis revealed that the aberrant genes in the vitrified oocytes were closely related to oogenesis and development. Our findings indicated that the effects of vitrification on the transcriptomes of mature human oocytes are induced by the procedure itself, suggesting that long-term cryostorage of human oocytes is safe.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Cryopreservation , Metaphase , Oocytes , RNA-Seq , Vitrification
17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 671-676, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of lactase additive in improving lactose intolerance in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 preterm infants with lactose intolerance who were admitted to the Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2018 to December 2019 were randomly divided into a lactase treatment group and a control group, with 30 infants in each group. The infants in the lactase treatment group were given 4 drops of lactase additive (180 mg) added into preterm formula or breast milk, and those in the control group were given placebo, oral administration of probiotics (live combined @*RESULTS@#Finally 29 infants in the lactase treatment group and 26 infants in the control group completed the trial. At the end of the first week after intervention, compared with the control group, the lactase treatment group had significantly lower frequency of daily milk vomiting and gastric retention amount (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lactase additive can safely and effectively improve the clinical symptoms caused by lactose intolerance in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , China , Infant, Premature , Lactase , Lactose , Lactose Intolerance/drug therapy , Prospective Studies
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1211-1216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887075

ABSTRACT

Pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2 has seriously threatened human life and health worldwide and caused a large number of deaths. Viral infection and acute inflammation are important causes of death, so it is particularly important to combine antiviral therapy with anti-inflammatory therapy. Glycyrrhizic acid, the main component of the glycyrrhizic root extract, has a wide range of pharmacological effects as well as high efficiency and low toxicity, its preparation has been widely used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis and other diseases. Glycyrrhizic acid can regulate the expression and release of a variety of cytokines and play a significant anti-inflammatory effect. At the same time, glycyrrhizic acid also showed significant inhibition towards a variety types of viruses. Therefore, the potential application of glycyrrhizic acid as COVID-19 treatment should be explored.

19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 17-25, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878231

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to determine the effect of acute cerebral ischemia on the protein expression level of silent mating type information regulator 2 homolog 3 (Sirt3) in the neurons and clarify the pathological role of Sirt3 in acute cerebral ischemia. The mice with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons with oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) were used as acute cerebral ischemia models in vivo and in vitro, respectively. Sirt3 overexpression was induced in rat hippocampal neurons by lentivirus transfection. Western blot was utilized to measure the changes in Sirt3 protein expression level. CCK8 assay was used to detect cell viability. Immunofluorescent staining was used to detect mitochondrial function. Transmission electron microscope was used to detect mitochondrial autophagy. The results showed that, compared with the normoxia group, hippocampal neurons from OGD1 h/reoxygenation 2 h (R2 h) and OGD1 h/R12 h groups exhibited down-regulated Sirt3 protein expression levels. Compared with contralateral normal brain tissue, the ipsilateral penumbra region from MCAO1 h/reperfusion 24 h (R24 h) and MCAO1 h/R72 h groups exhibited down-regulated Sirt3 protein expression levels, while there was no significant difference between the Sirt3 protein levels on both sides of sham group. OGD1 h/R12 h treatment damaged mitochondrial function, activated mitochondrial autophagy and reduced cell viability in hippocampal neurons, whereas Sirt3 over-expression attenuated the above damage effects of OGD1 h/R12 h treatment. These results suggest that acute cerebral ischemia results in a decrease in Sirt3 protein level. Sirt3 overexpression can alleviate acute cerebral ischemia-induced neural injuries by improving the mitochondrial function. The current study sheds light on a novel strategy against neural injuries caused by acute cerebral ischemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rats , Brain Ischemia , Down-Regulation , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Mitochondria , Neurons/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury , Sirtuin 3/metabolism , Sirtuins
20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1147-1159, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951963

ABSTRACT

While the hippocampus has been implicated in supporting the association among time-separated events, the underlying cellular mechanisms have not been fully clarified. Here, we combined in vivo multi-channel recording and optogenetics to investigate the activity of hippocampal interneurons in freely-moving mice performing a trace eyeblink conditioning (tEBC) task. We found that the hippocampal interneurons exhibited conditioned stimulus (CS)-evoked sustained activity, which predicted the performance of conditioned eyeblink responses (CRs) in the early acquisition of the tEBC. Consistent with this, greater proportions of hippocampal pyramidal cells showed CS-evoked decreased activity in the early acquisition of the tEBC. Moreover, optogenetic suppression of the sustained activity in hippocampal interneurons severely impaired acquisition of the tEBC. In contrast, suppression of the sustained activity of hippocampal interneurons had no effect on the performance of well-learned CRs. Our findings highlight the role of hippocampal interneurons in the tEBC, and point to a potential cellular mechanism subserving associative learning.

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