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1.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 87-90, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013575

ABSTRACT

With the deepening reform of ideological and political education, Medical Parasitology teaching needs to update the teaching concept, change the teaching ideas, as well as keep trying to combine ideological and political education with the curriculum content closely. In addition to teaching students’ basic knowledge and practical skills, teachers are needed to cultivate their moral literacy and political awareness through course teaching, so as to provide the basis for students’ subsequent adaptations to social environments and jobs. Currently, the study of ideological and political education in Medical Parasitology teaching is still in the exploratory stage. Therefore, colleges and universities need to carry out effective construction of ideological and political education in Medical Parasitology teaching, in order to achieve good teaching outcomes and provide insights into ideological and political education in teaching.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 16-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965175

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the biological exposure limit of blood system damage caused by long-term exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in non-occupational population by using the benchmark dose method, and to provide relevant reference for further improving the assessment of PAHs-induced health damage effects. Methods Adult residents living in downwind direction of a coke-oven plant in Shanxi Province were selected as the research subjects, and the information collected from baseline was used as the control. The metabolites of PAHs in urine were used as exposure biomarker, and the abnormal rate of red blood cell index was used as response biomarker. The relationship between urinary OH-PAHs and the erythrocyte damage rate was analyzed, and the benchmark dose (BMD) and the lower confidence limitation for the benchmark dose (BMDL) were calculated using Bayesian dose-optimizing software. Results The urinary PAH metabolites were mainly naphthalene and fluorene. The detection concentrations of 2-OHFlu and 1-OHPhe in the final year were higher than those in the baseline (P<0.05). With the increase of exposure years, the abnormal rate of red blood cells in the final year was higher than that in the baseline (P<0.05). In addition, the abnormal rate of red blood cells increased with the increase of the concentrations of five metabolites of PAHs in urine, and the chi-square trend test was significant (P<0.05). The benchmark dose (BMD) of OH-PAHs was 0.67 μmol/mol Cr, 0.82 μmol/mol Cr, 1.40 μmol/mol Cr and 0.78 μmol/mol Cr, respectively. The BMD of 2-OHNap in people with barbecue diet habits was 0.23 μmol/mol Cr. The BMD of 2-OHNap in people without barbecue diet habits was 1.44 μmol/mol Cr. Conclusion There is a dose-response relationship between the concentration of PAHs metabolites in urine and the damage of red blood cells. Long-term exposure to PAHs can lead to hematological damage. It is suggested that targeted public health interventions should be formulated to reduce the exposure of the general population to PAHs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 700-706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985801

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of sugammadex on postoperative nausea and vomiting(PONV) after intracranial aneurysm surgery. Methods: Data from intracranial aneurysms patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria and underwent interventional surgery in the Department of Neurosurgery, Peking University International Hospital from January 2020 to March 2021 were prospectively included. According to the random number table method, the patients were divided by 1∶1 into the neostigmine+atropine group (group N) and the sugammadex group (group S). Use an acceleration muscle relaxation monitor for muscle relaxation monitoring, and administer neostigmine+atropine and sugammadex to block residual muscle relaxation drugs after surgery. The incidence rates of PONV and severity, the appearance of anesthesia, and the correlation between PONV and postoperative complications were recorded in both groups during five periods after surgery: 0-0.5 hours (T1),0.5-2.0 hours(T2),2.0-6.0 hours (T3),6.0-12.0 hours (T4) and 12.0-24.0 hours (T5). Group comparisons of quantitative data were performed by the independent sample t-test, and categorical data was performed by the χ2 or rank sum test. Results: A total of 66 patients were included in the study, including 37 males and 29 female, aged (59.3±15.4) years (range: 18 to 77 years). The incidence rates of PONV of 33 patients in group S at different time periods of T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5 after surgery were respectively 27.3%(9/33),30.3%(10/33),12.1%(4/33),3.0%(1/33),0(0/33),and the incidence rates of PONV of 33 patients in the group N at different time periods of T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 after surgery were respectively 36.4%(12/33),36.4%(12/33),33.3%(11/33),6.1%(2/33) and 0(0/33).The incidence of PONV was lower in the group S only in the T3 period after reversal than in the group N (χ2=4.227, P=0.040).However, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of PONV between the two groups of patients in other periods (all P>0.05). The recovery time for spontaneous breathing in patients in group S was (7.7±1.4) minutes, the extubation time was (12.4±5.3) minutes, and the safe exit time for anesthesia recovery was (12.3±3.4) minutes; the N groups were (13.9±2.0) minutes, (18.2±6.0) minutes, and (18.6±5.2) minutes, respectively; three time periods in group S were shorter than those in group N, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Analysis of the correlation between incidence and severity of PONV in two groups of patients at different periods and postoperative complications showed that only the severity of PONV in the T3 period of the group N was correlated with the incidence of postoperative complications (χ2=24.786,P<0.01);the incidence and severity of PONV during the T4 period were correlated with the incidence of postoperative complications (all P<0.01). There was a correlation between the incidence and severity of PONV in the T3 and T4 periods of group S and the incidence of postoperative complications (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Sugammadex can be used to reverse muscle relaxation in patients undergoing intracranial aneurysm intervention surgery,and it does not have a significant impact on the incidence of PONV, it can also optimize the quality of anesthesia recovery and reduce the incidence of complications after intracranial aneurysm embolization surgery.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 642-647, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984697

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the status of statins use and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) management in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and very high/high risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) from Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry (CAFR). Methods: A total of 9 119 patients with AF were recruited in CAFR between January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2018, patients at very high and high risk of ASCVD were included in this study. Demographics, medical history, cardiovascular risk factors, and laboratory test results were collected. In patients with very high-risk, a threshold of 1.8 mmol/L was used as LDL-C management target and in patients with high risk, a threshold of 2.6 mmol/L was used as LDL-C management target. Statins use and LDL-C compliance rate were analyzed, multiple regression analysis was performed to explore the influencing factors of statins use. Results: 3 833 patients were selected (1 912 (21.0%) in very high risk of ASCVD group and 1 921 (21.1%) in high risk of ASCVD group). The proportion of patients with very high and high risk of ASCVD taking statins was 60.2% (1 151/1 912) and 38.6% (741/1 921), respectively. Attainment rate of LDL-C management target in patients with very high and high risk were 26.7% (511/1 912) and 36.4% (700/1 921), respectively. Conclusion: The proportion of statins use and attainment rate of LDL-C management target are low in AF patients with very high and high risk of ASCVD in this cohort. The comprehensive management in AF patients should be further strengthened, especially the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in AF patients with very high and high risk of ASCVD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol, LDL , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Atherosclerosis , Dyslipidemias/drug therapy
5.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 272-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) combined with coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in the diagnosis of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, 96 confirmed or suspective CAD patients (65 males, 31 females; age: 30-81 years) who completed rest/stress MPI, CFR and CACS defection in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Coronary angiography (CAG) was used as the diagnostic standard to calculate the sensitivity and accuracy of MPI, CFR and MPI/CFR combined with CACS in the diagnosis of CAD. The χ2 test was used to compare the diagnostic efficiency of different methods. Results:The diagnostic sensitivity of MPI was 76.06%(54/71), and the accuracy was 75.00%(72/96), while the sensitivity increased to 97.18%(69/71; χ2=13.67, P<0.001) and the accuracy increased to 87.50%(84/96; χ2=4.92, P=0.020) with significant differences after combined with CACS. The sensitivity and accuracy of CFR were 91.55%(65/71)and 87.50%(84/96), which increased to 97.18%(69/71; χ2=2.12, P=0.137) and 89.58%(86/96; χ2=0.21, P=0.411) with no significant differences after combined with CACS. The sensitivity of MPI in the diagnosis of three-vessel CAD was 70.00%(21/30), which increased to 100%(30/30; χ2=7.75, P=0.004) after combined with CACS; while the sensitivity of MPI combined with CACS in the diagnosis of single-vessel and double-vessel CAD were not significantly improved ( χ2 values: 3.29, 1.51, P values: 0.114, 0.416). Conclusion:The combination of MPI and CACS can significantly improve the diagnostic efficiency of CAD, contributed by the improvement of the diagnostic sensitivity in three-vessel disease; whereas the diagnostic efficiency of CFR for CAD is not significantly improved after combined with CACS.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 198-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988197

ABSTRACT

As the overweight and obese population is growing, the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea is rising, and most of the cases are complicated with coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases. The two diseases affect each other and seriously endanger the patients' health, becoming a major public health problem of global concern. It is of great clinical importance to explore the combination of Chinese and Western medicine in the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease complicated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Researchers have explored the relationship between the two based on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory and found that the two diseases belong to the TCM disease categories of chest impediment and snoring, respectively, and their co-morbidity is associated with the abnormal physiological functions of the heart and lungs. The failure of the heart to govern blood leads to the generation of blood stasis, and that of the lung to govern Qi movement leads to the generation of phlegm. The accumulation of phlegm and blood stasis in the chest causes chest impediment and snoring due to obstruction of the airway. This paper discusses the internal linkage between the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in Chinese and Western medicine from the TCM theory of heart-lung correlation. Furthermore, this paper proposes the treatment principles of simultaneously treating the heart and lung and activating blood and resolving phlegm, aiming to provide a theoretical basis for the clinical prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease complicated with obstructive sleep apnea.

7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 942-946, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004147

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To understand the current situation of blood components distribution in domestic prefecture-level blood stations through analyzing the components distribution data of 24 prefecture-level blood stations in China. 【Methods】 The data of components distribution of 24 blood stations from 2017 to 2020 as well as the data of blood deployment of 24 blood stations from 2019 to 2020 were collected and analyzed. 【Results】 From 2017 to 2020, positive annual growth in red blood cells, plasma and cryoprecipitate was observed in 22, 19 and 15 out of the 24 blood stations, and the annual growth median rate of above three components was 5.24%, 3.80% and 3.25%, respectively. Among the 24 prefecture-level blood stations, 23 carried out the preparation of cryoprecipitate. 【Conclusion】 The distribution of red blood cells, cryoprecipitate and plasma in prefecture-level blood stations is increasing year by year. However, there is a overstock of plasma, and most blood stations need blood employment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 312-317, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of hypertensive retinopathy (HRP) in a non-diabetic population over 30 years old during routine health examinations.Methods:This was a cross-sectional study of a non-diabetic population over 30 years of age. The study was conducted during routine health examinations at the Tongren Hospital, Beijing, from January to December 2020. Fundus photographs were taken, and data including medical history, height, weight, and blood pressure were collected. Routine laboratory examinations were performed. The study population was divided into hypertension, transient hypertension, and non-hypertension groups. The prevalence of HRP was compared among the three groups. OR and 95% CI of HRP risk factors was estimated by binary logistic regression, adjusted for age and gender. Results:The prevalence of HRP was 4.3% in the non-diabetic population over 30 years old. Adjusted for age, gender, and systolic blood pressure, the prevalence of HRP in hypertension and transient hypertension groups, was both higher than in the non-hypertension group [ OR(95% CI) of 3.11(2.25-4.30) and 1.72(1.21-2.45), respectively]. The proportion of grade 1-2 HRP was higher (76.2%). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of grade 3 HRP among the three groups. Adjusted for age and gender, systolic blood pressure and creatinine clearance rate were independent risk factors for HRP in the hypertension group [ OR(95% CI): 1.22(1.01-1.48) and 1.66(1.12-2.46)] and transient hypertension group [ OR(95% CI): 1.48(1.10-2.06) and 1.95(1.03-3.46)]. SBP and DBP were independent risk factors for HRP in the non-hypertension group [ OR(95% CI): 1.68(1.07-2.63) and 1.61(1.06-2.44)]. Conclusions:There was a high prevalence of HRP among the non-diabetic population over the age of 30 and there was still relatively high risk of grade 3 HRP among the normotensive population.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940367

ABSTRACT

Anxiety and depression are common comorbidities of coronary heart disease and are considered as independent risk factors in addition to traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Anxiety,depression and other mental abnormalities belong to the category of "depressive syndrome" of traditional Chinese medicine,which can lead to stasis of blood due to the lack of Qi flow. "Blood stasis" involves abnormal blood rheology, vascular endothelial dysfunction, chronic inflammatory response, abnormal lipid metabolism and other comprehensive pathological changes, and is the core pathogenesis of coronary heart disease in traditional Chinese medicine. "Depressive syndrome"can aggravate the development of coronary heart disease by promoting blood stasis in multiple ways. Prescriptions and herbs of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis can have a clinical effect by promoting blood circulation (improving physiological functions) and removing blood stasis (eliminating pathological changes). In clinical practice, strengthening the screening of the mental and psychological status of patients with coronary heart disease and providing early and effective psychological interventions and combined Chinese and Western medicine drug treatment can significantly improve the clinical symptoms and prognosis of patients. This article was the first to put forward the academic view of "stasis caused by depression" for the first time,and discuss the modern biological research progress of "depression" in Chinese medicine that promotes blood stasis and aggravates coronary heart disease,in order to provide a basis for the subsequent development of Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease. The aim is to provide a theoretical basis for the subsequent systematic research on the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease with emotional abnormalities in Chinese medicine.

10.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 340-345, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of prognostic serum marker expression in older adult patients with sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE).Methods:The clinical data of 79 older adult patients with SAE who received treatment in The Second People's Hospital of Hefei from June 2019 to February 2021 (study group) and 121 sepsis patients without encephalopathy concurrently (control group) were retrospectively analyzed. The indexes with statistically significant difference between the two groups were subjected to multivariate binary logistic regression. Survival curve was plotted.Results:There were no significant differences in neuron specific enolase [NSE, (10.69 ± 4.31) μg/L vs. (24.84 ± 3.28) μg/L, t = 26.25, P < 0.01], S100β [(0.25 ± 0.06) μg/L vs. (0.53 ± 0.09) μg/L, t = 22.45, P < 0.01], monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1, (99.33 ± 4.87) ng/L vs. (179.99 ± 6.02) ng/L, t = 99.94, P < 0.01], malondialdehyde [MDA, (4.22 ± 0.08) nmol/L vs. (6.78 ± 0.11) nmol/L, t = 33.76, P < 0.01], glial fibrillary acidic protein [GFAP, (0.21±0.08) μg/L vs. (2.03 ± 0.47) μg/L, t = 33.76, P < 0.01], procalcitonin [(7.04 ± 2.50) ng/L vs. (16.23 ± 2.48) ng/L, t = 25.47, P < 0.01], interleukin-6 [(29.91 ± 4.51) ng/L vs. (69.22 ± 6.79) ng/L, t = 45.51, P < 0.01], Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score [(18.33 ± 2.12) points vs. (28.89 ± 5.09) points, t = 17.53, P < 0.01], and sequential organ failure assessment score [(7.69 ± 1.50) points vs. (14.05 ± 1.55) points, t = 28.92, P < 0.01] between the control and study groups. N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide was (868.38 ± 25.28) ng/L and (1 037.19 ± 25.34) ng/L in the control and study groups, respectively. Logistic regression analysis revealed that NSE, MCP-1, MDA, and GFAP were the independent risk factors for developing SAE in older adults (NSE: t = 8.42, P < 0.01; MCP-1: t = 4.16, P < 0.01; MDA: t = 18.4, P < 0.01; GFAP: t = 2.88, P < 0.01). The survival curve indicated that survival rate was significantly lower in the study group than in the control group. Conclusion:NSE, MCP-1, MDA, and GFAP are independent risk factors for developing SAE in older adults.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2308-2314, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887041

ABSTRACT

With the development of antibody manufacturing technology and improvement of new drug research in domestic industry, more innovative monoclonal antibody products submitted investigational new drug (IND) application. At the same time, monoclonal antibody products from abroad which have been approved marketing authorization and/or conducted clinical trials submitted IND applications in China. The National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) issued the "Guideline of Investigational New Drug Application" (No. 16, 2018) which emphasized the chemical, manufacturing, and control (CMC) regulatory, and dossier requirements in IND application, greatly promoted the application quality of innovative biological products. However, compared to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA), our particular guidelines are insufficient, such as guideline on virus safety evaluation of biotechnological investigational medicinal products. This review investigated the questions raised by sponsors from 2018 to 2020, including the end of production cell (EOPC) and/or unprocessed bulk (UPB) testing and virus removal or inactivation validation. Meanwhile, sponsors submitted different dossiers due to differences in understanding of stage requirements of guidelines from domestic and abroad. Based on the guidelines of virus safety from NMPA, FDA, and EMA, and the technical considerations, this review puts forward personal suggestions on the adventitious agents testing and virus removal or inactivation validation in manufacturing process, aim to ensure virus safety of innovative monoclonal antibody products in clinical trials.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 386-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941121

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare left ventricular myocardial mechanics detected by cardiac magnetic resonance tissue tracking(CMR-TT) between patients with constrictive pericarditis(CP) and restrictive cardiomyopathy(RCM),and see if those can be used to differentiate CP from RCM patients. Methods: A total of 23 patients with CP, 20 patients with RCM, who hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2014 to April 2019 were included in this study and 25 healthy subjects served as control group, all subjects underwent cardiac magnetic resonance examination. Myocardial mechanics were evaluated by 2-dimensional(2D) and 3-dimensional(3D) CMR-TT in terms of global longitudinal strain(GLS), circumferential strain(GCS), radial strain(GRS) and the lateral wall strain to septal wall strain ratio(lateral/septal ratio) of basal, mid-cavity and apical. The diagnostic area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was evaluated for differentiating CP from RCM. Results: Age, sex and heart rate were similar between CP and RCM patients(all P>0.05). 2D-GLS, 3D-GLS, GCS and GRS in CP and RCM groups were significantly lower than those in normal control group(all P<0.05).3D-GLS value was significantly lower in RCM patients than in CP patients(P<0.05), the area under the curve (AUC)=0.787(sensitivity 80%, specificity 78%). 3D-GCS was significantly lower in CP group than in RCM group(P<0.05), the AUC=0.737(sensitivity 80%, specificity 65%). However, there was no significant difference between CP and RCM in 3D-GRS(P>0.05). Compared with RCM, the circumferential and radial lateral/septal ratios of the basal were significantly lower in CP group than in RCM group(both P<0.05), AUC=0.737(sensitivity 70%, specificity 83%) and 0.737 (sensitivity 60%, specificity 87%), respectively. The left ventricular myocardial mechanics strain curve of the CP,RCM and normal control were different. The CP patients presented as " rapidly down-a platform" form, the RCM presented as "slowly down" form, and normal control presented as "rapidly down" form. Conclusion: Evaluating the differences in the diastolic process of left ventricular myocardium and left ventricular myocardial mechanics strain curve is helpful to differentiate CP from RCM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Restrictive , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Myocardium , Pericarditis, Constrictive , Reproducibility of Results , Ventricular Function, Left
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 223-227, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941095

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level and incidence of left atrial spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (LASEC) in the patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: Four hundred and ninety consecutive patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who underwent radiofrequency ablation for the first time from January 1, 2018 to June 30, 2018 in the Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital were enrolled. According to the results of transesophageal echocardiography before radiofrequency ablation, patients were divided into the group without LASEC (n=338) and the group with LASEC (n=152). hs-CRP was determined by latex enhanced immunoturbidimetry. The relationship between hs-CRP and LASEC in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation was investigated by univariate and multivariate logistic analysis. Results: LASEC was detected in 152 (31%) of 490 patients. Significant differences in age, type of atrial fibrillation, previous embolic events, fibrinogen, D-dimer, the left atrial anteroposterior diameter and CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc scores were found between patients with and without LASEC (all P<0.05). Compared with the group without LASEC, the serum hs-CRP level was significantly higher in the group with LASEC (3.16 (1.30, 5.23) mg/L vs. 0.67 (0.37, 1.48) mg/L, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hs-CRP (OR=1.136, 95%CI 1.060 - 1.217, P<0.001) and D-dimer (OR=1.040, 95%CI 1.011 - 1.070, P=0.007) were independent determinants for LASEC in this patient cohort. Conclusions: hs-CRP is an independent determinant for LASEC in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Inflammation may thus be involved in the formation of prethrombotic state in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Appendage , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , C-Reactive Protein , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Electrocardiography , Heart Atria , Incidence , Risk Factors
14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 513-517, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for improving emergency capacity of the hospital pharmacy department in response to the novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) epidemic. METHODS :According to the related regulations and requirements of Law of the People ’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases ,combined with the situation of COVID- 19 epidemic prevention and control ,and management experience of relevant hospitals ,on the basis of in-depth analysis of drug supply and quality assurance ,drug dispensing management ,provision of clinical pharmaceutical services and other related material support of hospital pharmacy department,integrated emergency management model was constructed for COVID- 19 epidemic prevention and control ,and the precautions and response measures of each link were sorted out. RESULTS :Integruted emergency management mode for COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control in hospital pharmacy department included but was not limited to human resource management,drug and disinfection products supply management (mainly including key treatment drugs and disinfection product list formulation,control,inventory increase ,etc.);drug dispensing management (mainly including prescription ,pharmacy window , planning quantitative reserve , drug return , etc.);clinical pharmaceutical care management (mainly including providing pharmaceutical information support ,online pharmaceutical service ,monitoring drug safety ,etc.);personnel protection and disinfection (mainly including personnel protection ,environment and window ,equipment and container ,paper prescription disinfection,etc.);special management of donated drugs ;prevention and control knowledge training ;pharmaceutical education and scientific research management ,etc. CONCLUSIONS :The integrated emergency management model for epidemic prevention and control is helpful for hospital pharmacy to manage public health emergencies. During the outbreak of COVID- 19,hospital pharmacy department should start integrated emergency management mode for epidemic prevention and control ,strengthen the risk control of each link ,and play a good role in the key functional departments in the special period.

15.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 437-441, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of adult hearing loss.Methods:From March 2018 to November 2019, 8, 439 adult physical examinees were screened for hearing (i.e., 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz, and 4000 Hz pure tone air conduction audiometry), while some were examined for hearing diagnosis (i.e., 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1, 000 Hz, 2, 000 Hz, 4 000 Hz, and 8 000 Hz pure tone bone air conduction audiometry). Prevalence, location, frequency and type of hearing loss in different age and gender groups were analyzed using SPSS 25.0.Results:The prevalence of hearing loss was 32.2%, which increased with age. The prevalence in males was higher than that of females (40.1% vs. 21.6%). The rate of single frequency damage was higher in male than in female, while the rate of multiple frequency damage was higher in women than in men ( P<0.001). The high frequency (4 000 Hz) damage rate in male was higher than that of females, while the low-middle frequency (500-2 000 Hz) damage rate in females was higher than that of males ( P<0.001). Sensorineural hearing loss accounted for 90.8%, while conductive hearing loss was 3.9%, mixed hearing loss was 5.0%, and others were 0.3%. Conductive hearing loss was mainly concentrated in the younger age group. Conclusion:Physical examination population has a relatively high prevalence of hearing loss. The characteristics of hearing loss differed with age and gender.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 124-129, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873290

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Buyang Huanwu Tang on patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) after percutaneous foramen endoscopy by the collateral disease theory, and its effect on inflammatory factors and pain-inducing mediators. Method::One hundred and forty-four patients were randomly divided into control group (72 cases) and observation group (72 cases) by random number table. Both groups’ patients were treated with percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy(PELD), and symptomatic treatment dehydration and anti-inflammation were also given to those patients after the operation. Patients in observation group got modified Buyang Huanwu Tang, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks, and a 12-week fellow-up was recorded. Before the operation and at the 3rd day, the 4th and 16th week after the operation, scores of visual analogue score of pain degree (VAS) were recorded. And before the operation and at the 1st, 4th and 16th week after the operation, scores of dysfunction index (ODI) of Oswestry were recorded. Failed back surgery syndrome of LDH was recorded during 16 weeks after the operation. And Japanese orthopaedic association (JOA) and Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were scored. And the levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), thromboxane B2 (TXB2), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and serotonin (5-HT) were all detected, and the effect was assessed by improved Macnab. Result::At the 1st day and the 1st, 4th and 16th week after treatment, scores of VAS were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). And at the 1st, 4th and 16th week after treatment, scores of ODI were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). The rate of incidence was 18.06%(13/72), which was lower than 37.5%(27/72) in control group (χ2=6.784, P<0.01). Scores of the total JOA and subjective symptoms, objective signs and daily activities were all higher than those in control group (P<0.01). And scores of symptom scores and total scores of deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, PGE2, TXB2 and 5-HT were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). According to the rank sum test, the effect of modified Macnab was better than that in control group (Z=2.151, P<0.05). Conclusion::Based on Luobing theory, modified Buyang Huanwu Tang can alleviate pain and other symptoms, promote the recovery of lumbar vertebral function, inhibit the expressions of inflammatory factors and pain-causing mediators, alleviate the residual symptoms after recent operation, reduce the incidence of FBSS, promote the rehabilitation of patients after operation, and improve the efficacy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 175-178, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872905

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a group of syndromes caused by the disorder of metabolism of various substances in the body. The main clinical manifestations are dyslipidemia, central obesity, hypertension, abnormal glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. With the changes of diet structure and habits, the incidence rate of MS is increasing, and the patients are younger. It is an important factor in many diseases, such as diabetes, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia, cirrhosis and some cancers. MS has seriously affected people's lives and health. Central obesity and insulin resistance are recognized as important pathogenic factors. At present, the pathogenesis of MS and its components has not been fully understood. The clinical manifestations of metabolic syndrome are complex and diverse. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) believes that the occurrence of metabolic syndrome is related to such factors as proper diet, emotional disorders, excessive escape and little movement, old age and physical deficiency. TCM scholars have studied the pathogenesis of MS in such pathological factors as phlegm and blood stasis, such visceral functions as liver, spleen and kidney, roles of Qi and blood, and emotional factors. As the basic substance of organism, Qi is closely related to the process of metabolism. The occurrence of MS is closely related to the rise and fall of Qi moving to and from the body as well as the abnormal gasification function of the transformation of Qi. Qi is derived from the five internal organs, which are respectively called Heart Qi, liver Qi, spleen Qi, lung Qi and kidney Qi. The "Qi of the five internal organs" is involved in the whole process of the generation, transportation and excretion of the essence of the body. Based on the "Qi of five internal organs", this paper discusses the pathogenesis of MS with phlegm, blood stasis and water drink as pathological factors.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 206-211, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878028

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Minimal change nephropathy (MCD) is a common pathological type of nephrotic syndrome and is often associated with acute kidney injury (AKI). This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and related factors of AKI in patients with MCD and nephrotic syndrome.@*METHODS@#Patients from Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital who were diagnosed with pathological renal MCD with clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome were included from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017. Patients diagnosed with membranous nephropathy (MN) by renal biopsy from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017 are included as a control population. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and pathological characteristics of patients as well as the percentages and clinical characteristics of AKI in different age groups. We assessed the correlation of pathological characteristics with serum creatinine using multivariate linear regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 367 patients with MCD were included in the analysis, with a sex ratio of 1.46: 1 (male: female) and an age range of 6 to 77 years. Among all the patients, 109 developed AKI (29.7%), and of these patients, 85 were male (78.0%). In the 586 patients with MN, 27 (4.6%) patients developed AKI. The percentage of AKI in MCD patients was significantly higher than that in MN patients (χ2 = 41.063, P < 0.001). The percentage of AKI increased with age in the MCD patients. The percentage of AKI in patients aged 50 years or older was 52.9% (46/87), which was significantly higher than that [22.5% (63/280)] in patients under 50 years (χ2 = 6.347, P = 0.013). We observed statistically significant differences in age (43 [27, 59] years vs. 28 [20, 44] years, Z = 5.487, P < 0.001), male (78.0% vs. 51.4%, χ2 = 22.470, P < 0.001), serum albumin (19.9 ± 6.1 g/L vs. 21.5 ± 5.7 g/L, t = 2.376, P = 0.018), serum creatinine (129.5 [105.7, 171.1] μmol/L vs. 69.7 [57.7, 81.9] μmol/L, Z = 14.190, P < 0.001), serum urea (10.1 [6.2, 15.8] mmol/L vs. 4.7 [3.6, 6.4] mmol/L, Z = 10.545, P < 0.001), IgE (266.0 [86.7, 963.0] IU/ml vs. 142.0 [35.3, 516.5] IU/ml, Z = 2.742, P = 0.007), history of diabetes (6.4% vs. 1.2%, P = 0.009), and history of hypertension (23.9% vs. 5.1%, χ2 = 28.238, P < 0.001) between the AKI group and the non-AKI group. According to multivariate linear regression analysis, among the renal pathological features analyzed, renal tubular epithelial cell damage (β = 178.010, 95% CI: 147.888-208.132, P < 0.001) and renal interstitial edema (β = 28.833, 95% CI: 11.966-45.700, P = 0.001) correlated with serum creatinine values.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The percentage of AKI in MCD patients is significantly higher than that in MN patients. Patients over 50 years old are more likely to develop AKI. Renal tubular epithelial cell injury and renal interstitial edema may be the main pathological lesions that are associated with elevated serum creatinine in patients with MCD.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Kidney , Nephrosis, Lipoid/complications , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1798-1804, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862201

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop the Evaluation Sacle for the Comprehensive Ability of HIV/AIDS prevention among Chinese Young Students(hereinafter referred to as the Evaluation Scale).@*Methods@#The Evaluation Scale was preliminarily developed according to standardized preparation procedures of the scales. Firstly, the item pool of the Evaluation Scale was established via literature review and group discussions, and based on the Fourteen Core knowledge of young students HIV/AIDS prevention and control formulated by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Secondly, the Evaluation Scale was preliminarily formed via using the Delphi method to select items.@*Results@#The Evaluation Scale with 85 items was finally formed including four vertical dimensions of knowledge, attitude, behavior and skills and four horizontal dimensions of hazard, prevention, detection and treatment, laws and regulations via literature research, group discussion and two rounds of Delphi method.@*Conclusion@#The Evaluation Scale developed in this paper is scientific and reasonable for constructing is assumed to be a scientific and reasonable proxy tool for the evaluation of the comprehensive ability of young students to prevent AIDS. It can be used for AIDS prevention education or effect assessment before and after intervention.

20.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 169-171, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871048

ABSTRACT

A case of asymptomatic COVID-19 in a pregnant woman in the third trimester with good maternal and infant outcomes is reported. The patient was admitted to the Second People's Hospital of Hefei on February 11, 2020, because of a "positive novel coronavirus nucleic acid test result for one day" at 38 weeks of gestation. No abnormality was observed during her previous regular prenatal examinations. A throat swab sample was obtained from the patient before admission due to the diagnosis of COVID-19 in her husband and sister on the 14 th and 7 th day before her admission, and the new coronavirus nucleic acid test showed positive. The patient reported no discomfort before admission. Chest CT on the 3 rd day after admission showed a small amount of bilateral pleural effusion. Irregular contractions occurred three days after admission and then, an emergency cesarean section was performed and the patient delivered a live baby girl. No tests were performed on amniotic fluid, cord blood or placenta for new coronavirus nuclei acid. The patient was isolated from the infant without breastfeeding after surgery. All medical staff involved in the cesarean section were isolated after surgery. Neonatal peripheral blood and nasopharyngeal swabs were collected for the new coronavirus nucleic acid tests on the day of birth and one day of age, respectively, and nasopharyngeal swabs and anal swabs were taken at nine days after birth. All test results were negative. The patient recovered well after surgery with stable vital signs. Chest CT on the 8 th day after operation showed a small amount of bilateral pleural effusion, while the new coronavirus nucleic acid test results of the pharyngeal swabs were positive on the 11 th and 12 th day after operation. The throat swabs of all medical staff involved in the operation were negative 14 days after the operation. The mother and baby were discharged 14 days after the cesarean section.

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