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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930123

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has certain advantages in the treatment of precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC) based on the holistic concept and the thought of syndrome differentiation. Currently, it is generally divided into 6 kinds of syndromes: liver and stomach qi stagnation syndrome, liver and stomach heat stagnation syndrome, spleen and stomach weakness syndrome (including spleen and stomach qi deficiency syndrome with coldness), spleen and stomach damp heat syndrome, stomach yin deficiency syndrome and blood stasis in stomach collateral syndrome. Clinically, the doctor should treat PLGC patients according to different syndrome types by using Chinese medicine prescription, which could improve the gastric mucosal pathological state, gastroscopy and clinical symptoms, to rehibit the development of precancerous lesions, reduce the incidence rate of gastric cancer. In the future, the doctors shouldreach the consensus of treating PLGC with TCM diagnosis, and focus on the research of TCM compounds or monomers with obvious curative effect, increase the times of follow-up, and evaluate the long-term curative effect.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of the pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome inhibitor MCC950 on nerve injury in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH). Methods: Seventy-two SD rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=24): Sham group, ICH group and MCC950 group. ICH group and MCC950 group rats were injected with autogenous non-anticoagulant blood to establish ICH model, and then the rats in MCC950 group were intraperitoneally injected with MCC950 at the dose of 10 mg/kg(2 mg/ml) for 3 days after ICH model was established. Seventy-two hours after the establishment of the model, the forelimb placement test, the corner test and mNSS score were performed to observe the neurological function of the rats with ICH. The volume of hematoma was observed in fresh brain tissue sections. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of brain tissue. The dry-wet weight ratio was calculated to evaluate the changes of brain tissue edema. The degeneration of neurons was observed by FJC staining. The neuronal apoptosis was observed by TUNEL staining. The protein expression and activation levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD were determined by Western blot. Results: Compared with sham group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was decreased significantly (P<0.01, P<0.05), mNSS score was increased significantly (P<0.01) in ICH group. Hematoma volume was increased significantly, the number of microglial cells around the hematoma was increased, the number of neurons was decreased, nerve cell swelled, some cells showed pyknotic necrosis, and the staining was deepened. The water content of the right base was increased significantly (P<0.05). The number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was increased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were increased significantly (P<0.01, P< 0.05). Compared with ICH group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was increased significantly in MCC950 group (P<0.05), while the mNSS score and the volume of hematoma were decreased significantly (P<0.01), the swelling degree of nerve cells around the hematoma was reduced significantly, and the number of pyrotic necrotic cells was decreased. The water content of the right base was decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was decreased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: MCC950 can ameliorate nerve injury after ICH by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome mediated inflammation and pyroptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 1/metabolism , Cerebral Hemorrhage/pathology , Furans , Hematoma , Indenes , Inflammasomes/metabolism , Interleukin-18 , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sulfonamides , Water
3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 378-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923585

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of perceptions and emotional attitudes on the public's willingness to organ donation and its path of promotion. Methods The mediation effect and structural equation models were established through the convenience sampling method and with ABC attitude model as the theoretical basis to analyze the influence of perceptions and emotional attitudes on the public's willingness to organ donation and the path of promotion. Results Among 4 565 investigated subjects, 621 subjects expressly stated that they were not willing to donate their organs after the death, 701 subjects were willing to donate their organs after the death, but only 259 investigated subjects signed the informed content card of organ donation. The differences in the subjects' willingness to donate their organs were statistically significant in terms of different genders, ages, religious beliefs, places of residence and educational degrees (all P < 0.05). The overall Cronbach's α coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.781, KMO=0.842, with good reliability and validity. In the structural equation model, the path coefficient of perceptions on the willingness to donation was 0.39, while that of attitudes on the willingness was 0.25. As such, perceptions and emotional attitudes had positive impacts on the willingness to donate the organs. The results of the mediation effect model indicated that attitudes played significant mediation effects in the causality relationship of perceptions on the willingness to donate organs, and the mediation effect value was 0.035(P < 0.01). The awareness degree of organ donation was the largest determinant to the perception factor, and the path coefficient on the willingness to donation was 0.20. The sense of social honor was the largest determinant to the attitude factor, and the path coefficient was 0.16. Conclusions Both perceptions and emotional attitudes positively impact the willingness to donate organs. The awareness degree of organ donation is the largest determinant to the perception factor, while the sense of social honor is the largest determinant to the attitude factor. To improve the public's perception level towards the organ donation and increase the public's sense of social honor towards organ donation contributes to the improvement of the public's willingness to donate organs.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 292-297, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of adipose tissue decellularized matrix hydrogel (DAT-gel) on the repair of sciatic nerve defect in rats.Methods:From April, 2019 to April, 2020, aseptic granular adipose tissue was collected from healthy adult women who underwent thigh or abdominal liposuction in the Department of Plastic Surgery, the First Medical Centre of the PLA General Hospital. Decellularisation and enzymatic digestion of adipose tissue were performed to prepare DAT-gel. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to observe the ultrastructure of the hydrogel, and rheology was employed to test the gel dynamics and viscoelasticity of the hydrogel. A rat model of sciatic nerve defect was established and randomly divided into 3 groups: simple chitin catheter group (Chitin group), DAT-gel plus chitin catheter group (DAT-gel group) and autologous nerve reverse connection group (Autograft group) with 10 rats in each group. At the 12th week after surgery, the general view, function and morphology of the regenerated nerve were observed to evaluate the repairing status of the injured nerve. One-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) was used for data analysis. If the difference between the groups was statistically significant, the Turkey method was further used for pairwise comparison. P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results:The results of SEM showed that the DAT-gel had a three-dimensional structure in porous fibre network. The results of rheological test results showed that the complex viscosity of the hydrogel at 4 ℃ and 37 ℃ were 148.91 mPa·s and 801.29 mPa·s, respectively. DAT-gel underwent a sol-gel phase transition when the temperature had been increased. The results showed that DAT-gel had a good temperature-sensitive effect, and its critical point of sol-gel phase transition was similar to the internal temperature of rat. The results of animal experiments showed that the morphology and function of the regenerated nerve in the DAT-gel group were superior to Chitin group at 12 weeks after surgery, according to macroscopic view of the regenerated nerve, electrophysiology of the nerve, the morphology of the new axon and the target muscle, etc.. There was statistically significant between groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:DAT-gel can significantly promote a repair of sciatic nerve defects in rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 67-71, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911179

ABSTRACT

Hormone-sensitive prostate cancer with visceral metastasis is a difficulty in clinical diagnosis and treatment. We treated a patient with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer with visceral metastasis and managed it under the multi-disciplinary treatment model (MDT). A 55-year-old man presented to the hospital complaining of increased prostate-specific antigen (PSA) found in the physical examination for 2 days. At admission, the PSA was 389.2ng/ml, and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed metastatic malignant lesions of the prostate, with lymph node metastasis, lumbar vertebral metastases and liver tubercles. Transrectal prostate puncture biopsy: prostate adenocarcinoma, Gleason score of 4+ 5=9. The patient has no history of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and diagnosed as metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Then the patient received total androgen blockade therapy (CAB regimen). After MDT discussion, metastatic prostate cancer was diagnosed based on the liver histopathology of percutaneous biopsy. After the second MDT discussion, the regimen was changed to abirone plus ADT. After 6 months, the blood PSA was controlled at a level between 0.003 to 0.006 ng/ml, and the testosterone was less than 2.5ng/dl. Re-examination of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed that lower signal of radionuclide in all lesions, especially no more abnormal uptake lesions were identified in the liver.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 63-66, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911178

ABSTRACT

We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristic of one patient with metastatic prostate cancer and the relative literatures were reviewed. A 40-year-old man was admitted and diagnosed as prostate cancer on March 20, 2018(T 4N 1M 1a) with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at 47.99 ng/ml. The first 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed multiple nodular lesions in the bilateral peripheral bands of the prostate, multiple nodular lesions in the right apex, abnormal uptake of nuclides in multiple lymph nodes in the abdominal aortic wandering zone, the abdominal aortic bifurcation zone, and the bilateral iliac artery wandering zone at the level of the lumbar 2-5 vertebral body, and metastasis was considered. The patient was treated with six cycles of drug castration combined with antiandrogenic treatment and pre-operative system chemotherapy(docetaxel). Six months later, the PSA decreased to 0.225ng/ml. Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and expanded pelvic lymph node dissection was performed. Postoperative total androgen blocking therapy was maintained, and PSA slowly increased. Ten months after operation, salvage radiotherapy for enlarged lymph nodes was performed in pelvic extension field, prostate tumor bed area and pelvic cavity. PSA remained stable for 7 months postradiotherapy, and then increased. The patient developed castration-resistant prostate cancer and was treated with triptorelin combined with abiraterone. PSA was decreased, and local radiotherapy was performed for new lymph node metastases in the neck. 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT could provide a decision-making basis for accurate clinical staging, therapeutic effect evaluation and distant metastatic lesions location with guiding value for the formulation of individualized treatment plans.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885932

ABSTRACT

Objective:Study on the feature of thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) during traumatic brain injury and the predicting performance with adverse clinical outcomes.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019, 147 patients with traumatic brain injury(TBI) were enrolled, including 112 males and 35 females, aged 36 (26-48) years old. The plasma levels of TAT were detected on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day after TBI attack. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison among multiple groups; Mann-Whitney U test was used for data comparison between the two groups; continuous comparison of patient data in the same group using Friedman rank test; the diagnostic performance of TAT with adverse event risk predicting was evaluated by ROC analysis; Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the survival curve; the risk ratio (HR) was obtained by Cox proportional hazard regression model.Results:Among the patients groups with mild, moderate and severe phenotype, the TAT levels were gradually decreased on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day after TBI attack(χ 2 values were 95.612, 133.555, and 132.453, respectively, all P values<0.001). The TAT levels on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day in the adverse event group were higher than in the group of patients with stable condition ( U values were 959.0, 321.0, 36.0 and 1.0 respectively, all P values<0.001). In the stable condition group, the TAT levels on the 0th and 1st day in the severe group were higher than in the mild group ( U values were 0 and 1.0 respectively, both P values<0.001), while there was no statistically significant difference of TAT levels between the 3rd and 7th day in the severe group ( U values were 342.5 and 272.5, P values were 0.486 and 0.065 respectively). The TAT levels of the moderate group on 0th and 1st day were higher than those of the mild group ( U values were 0 and 280.0, respectively, both P<0.001), while there was no significant difference between the TAT levels on the 3rd and 7th day ( U values were 628.0 and 647.0, P values were 0.826 and 0.996, respectively). ROC curves analysis showed that when the TAT diagnostic thresholds were 68.75 ng/ml, 29.05 ng/ml, 17.25 ng/ml and 13.85 ng/ml on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day, the diagnostic sensitivities of predicting adverse events were 86.8%, 94.3%, 100% and 100%; while the diagnostic specificities were 71.3%, 78.7%, 91.5% and 96.8%, respectively. Survival analysis showed that the cumulative probability of adverse outcomes was significantly higher in patients above the critical value. Cox analysis showed that the HR on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day to predict adverse clinical outcomes by TAT levels were 1.818, 2.257, 3.526 and 4.813, respectively ( P value<0.001). Conclusion:There was strong relationship between the plasma TAT level and the severity of the patient′s condition, and persistent increasing with TAT level could reflect the risk of adverse events, which could be used as an effective index to comprehensively predicting the development tendency of the TBI patient′s condition.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1561-1565, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To perform dried blood spots thalassemia gene detection in patients with positive blood phenotypes by microarray technology, and evaluate its value in clinical detection.@*METHODS@#DNA samples were extracted from dried blood spots of 410 patients. Microarray technology was used to detect 3 deletion and 3 non-deletion types of α-thalassemia and 19 β-thalassemia point mutations which were common gene mutions in China.@*RESULTS@#There were 357 positive cases in all the 410 tested samples with the positive rate 87.07%, among which 299 cases (72.93%) carried deletion or point mutations of α-thalassemia, 29 cases (7.07%) carried point mutations of β-thalassemia and 29 cases (7.07%) carried gene mutations of complex αβ-thalassemia syndrome. The mutations of α-thalassemia were involved with --@*CONCLUSION@#The most common genetic mutations are --


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Mutation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1907-1910, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To proceed the clinical evaluation of DNA microarray for thalassemia gene detection.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of 166 thalassemia gene test subjects were collected and tested for thalassemia genes by microarray chip method and Gap-PCR method combined with PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization method according to double-blind control test. The specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and total coincidence rate of the microarray chip method were evaluated. When the two methods were inconsistent, multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to verify the deletional α-thalassemia.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Gap-PCR method, specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden index, and total coincidence rate of microarray chip method was 100% (70/70), 96.88% (93/96), 100% (93/93), 95.89% (70/73), 0.969, and 97.59% (162/166), respectively, while compared with PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization method was 100% (125/125), 100% (41/41), 100% (41/41), 100% (125/125), 1, and 100% (166/166), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The microarray chip method for α-thalassemia gene detection shows the advantages of high specificity, sensitivity, and throughput.


Subject(s)
Genetic Testing , Humans , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the mental health status of primary school students and the factors influencing the mental health status during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic.@*METHODS@#Online questionnaire surveys were conducted among 3 600 primary school students aged 6-12 years in Jilin Province, China in April, 2020 (during the epidemic) and 3 089 primary school students in September, 2020 (during the regular epidemic prevention and control). The general information and the data related to the Mental Health Scale for Child and Adolescent were collected by the questionnaire surveys. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the factors influencing the mental health status of the students during the epidemic.@*RESULTS@#The students during the epidemic had a significantly poorer mental health status in the emotional experience and volitional behavior than those during the regular epidemic prevention and control (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The COVID-19 epidemic has a certain impact on emotional experience and volitional behavior of primary school students. During the epidemic, particular attention should be paid to the mental health of primary school students, especially girls, younger students, and students from single-parent families, extended families or families with impatient parents and improper parental education.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , COVID-19 , Child , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemics , Female , Health Status , Humans , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Schools , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 501-504, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869412

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between the Rivaroxaban concentration and bleeding events in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation(NVAF).Methods:This was a retrospective study.According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 369 patients with NVAF taking Rivaroxaban admitted to Beijing Hospital or Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 2018 to June 2019 were enrolled.Clinical data including sex, height, weight, liver and kidney function, drug valley concentrations and peak concentrations, doses, CHADS2 scores and bleeding events after 6 months of medication were recorded.Results:The average drug valley concentration was (44.92±38.39) mg/L, the average drug peak concentration was (226.96±139.34) mg/L, and the average CHADS2 score was (2.8±1.2). Among the 369 patients, 22 had bleeding events.The peak drug concentration and valley drug concentration were similar between those with or without bleeding events( P=0.324 and 0.960, respectively). With the increase of age, the peak drug concentration and valley drug concentration were significantly elevated(all P<0.001). In addition, compared with those without bleeding events, patients with bleeding events had a significantly higher average valley concentration( P=0.009), valley/dose ratio( P=0.001), peak/dose ratio( P=0.028)and similar peak drug concentration( P=0.360). Conclusions:Age affects the peak and valley drug concentration of Rivaroxaban, especially for the elderly, who should be given appropriately reduced doses.Monitoring the peak and valley drug concentration is of great significance for patients at high-risk for bleeding.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) level and vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCIND) in patients with cerebral small vessel diseases (CSVD).Methods:A total of 374 patients with CSVD treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University from January 2016 to January 2020 were collected and 150 healthy subjects in the same period were used as general data of the control group. All subjects were detected for serum MMP-9 level using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and received cognitive function scoring using Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA). The 374 patients with CSVD were divided into the Group A(186 cases with vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia) and the Group B(188 cases without cognitive impairment). The general data, serum MMP-9 level and cognitive function score were compared among the three groups and the correlation between MMP-9 level and cognitive function was analyzed.Results:The MMP-9 levels of Groups A and B ( (335.10±105.10)μg/L, (261.62±80.32)μg/L) were higher than those of the control group ( (168.23±48.85)μg/L), and the MMP-9 level of Group A was higher than that of Group B ( P<0.05). The MoCA scores of Groups A and B ( (18.45±5.24), (28.31±1.52) ) were lower than those of the control group (29.49±0.90), and the MoCA scores of Group A were lower than those of Group B ( P<0.05). The serum MMP-9 level, a risk factor for VCIND in patients with CSVD ( β=1.505, OR=1.323, 95% CI=1.149-1.527, P<0.05), was negatively correlated with total score of MoCA scale, visual-spatial and executive function, naming, language, abstract thinking, delayed recall, and directive force factor score ( r=-0.299, r=-0.155, r=-0.383, r=-0.358, r=-0.192, r=-0.259, r=-0.246 respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The increased level of MMP-9 may be a risk factor of VCIND in CSVD patients, and it is closely related to cognitive impairment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864641

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status quo of readiness for hospital discharge of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)and analyze the main factors affecting readiness for hospital discharge.Methods:With a cross-sectional survey method, a total of 343 patients with coronary heart disease after PCI in the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University were selected by convenience sampling method and investigated by General Information Questionnaire, Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale, Care Transitions Measure and Self-Efficacy Questionnaire of coronary heart disease. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the influence factors.Results:The total score of Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale of patients with coronary heart disease after PCI was 94.33±8.67. The score of quality of care transitions was 47.59±5.51 and that of self-efficacy was 39.19±8.08. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that five variables including self-efficacy, length of hospital stay, marital status, residence and family history of coronary heart disease entered into the regression equation ( P<0.01), which could explain 50.0% of the variations of readiness for hospital discharge. Conclusions:The readiness for hospital discharge of patients with coronary heart disease after PCI is at the middle level. The main influencing factors are self-efficacy, length of hospital stay, marital status,residence and family history of coronary heart disease. Nurses should attach importance to the self-efficacy of patients and pay attention to high-risk groups. By improving patients′ self-efficacy and giving targeted guidance ahead, in order to improve patients′ perception of readiness for hospital discharge.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of human recombinant erythropoietin (rhEPO) on inflammation of hyperoxic lung injury in neonatal rats.Methods:Seventy-two neonatal rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, BPD group, hyperoxia + low-dose recombinant erythropoietin [EPO(L)]group, and hyperoxia + high-dose recombinant erythropoietin [EPO(H)]group.The neonatal rats in BPD group, hyperoxia + EPO(L)group and hyperoxia + EPO(H)group were exposed to 850 mL/L oxygen.Then the neonatal rats in hyperoxia + EPO(L)group and hyperoxia + EPO(H)group were given 800 IU/kg and 2 000 IU/kg rhEPO by subcutaneous injection respectively at 1 d, 3 d and 7 d, while the control group and BPD group were given the same amount of 9 g/L saline water.Initially, the body weight of each group was recorded at 3 d, 7 d and 14 d. The morphological structure changes of lung tissues were observed by HE staining under light microscope, and the radial alveolar count(RAC) in lung tissues were detected.The expression of nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) was detected by immunofluorescence staining; Western blot was applied to determine the protein expression of phosphorylated NF-κB(pNF-κB), inhibitor protein(IκB) and Caspase-3 in lung tissues; and the expression of interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was determined using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:(1) On the 14 th day, the body weight of neonatal rats in the BPD group was lower than that in the control group [(18.97±3.21) g vs.(27.97±2.30) g], and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.01); however, the body weights of neonatal rats in the hyperoxia+ EPO(L)group and hyperoxia+ EPO(H)group[(24.16±2.15) g, (26.04±1.97) g] was much heavier than that in the BPD group, and the differences was statistically significant(all P<0.05). (2) The morphological structure of lung tissues which was observed by HE staining showed that in the BPD group, there were a few inflammatory cells infiltration in alveolar septum on the 3 rd day, the inflammatory response was more evident on the 7 th day, when exudation could be seen in the alveolar cavity; and on the 14 th day, the number of pulmonary alveoli decreased, pulmonary bulla formed, and septa were thickened.Besides, it was also observed that compared with control group, RAC was significantly decreased in BPD group on the 14 th day(5.50±1.29 vs.14.33±2.80), and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.01). Pathological changes were ameliorated and the infiltration of inflammatory reaction cells was reduced in the hyperoxia+ EPO(L)group and hyperoxia + EPO(H)group.RAC was remarkably higher in the hyperoxia+ EPO(L)group and hyperoxia+ EPO(H)group than that in the BPD group on the 14 th day, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (3)Immunofluorescence results showed that: the number of NF-κB p65 positive cells increased significantly and fluorescence intensity increased in the BPD group, while EPO could greatly reduce the number of NF-κB p65 positive cells and lower the fluorescence intensity.(4)Western blot results indicated that compared with the control group, the expressions of pNF-κB p65 and Cleaved Caspase-3 was significantly increased, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05); and IκB was significantly lower, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The expression of NF-κB p65 and Cleaved Caspase-3 was significantly lower, but IκB was significantly higher in the hyperoxia+ EPO(L)group and the hyperoxia+ EPO(H)group than those in the BPD group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (5) ELISA results revealed that the expression of IL-1β in the BPD group was significantly higher than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05); Compared with BPD group, the expression of IL-1β was significantly lower in the hyperoxia+ EPO(L)group and hyperoxia+ EPO(H)group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions:EPO can reduce hyperoxia-induced lung tissue apoptosis and protect newborn rats against hyperoxic lung injury by decreasing the inflammatory response of cells through the NF-κB pathway on BPD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862537

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore food allergies in children with asthma in urban areas. Methods A total of 1 462 children with asthma who were treated in Mianyang Central Hospital of Sichuan Province from January 2018 to January 2019 were enrolled as the observation group, and 1,828 children who underwent physical examination in the same hospital at the same time were selected as the control group. The types and proportions of common food allergies were summarized and calculated, and the types and proportion of clinical symptoms in the two groups were statistically analyzed. Results A total of 219 children with food allergy were found in the observation group, and the prevalence rate was 14.98%. In the control group, 72 children with food allergy were found, and the prevalence rate was 3.94%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2=5.036, P=0.024). The peanut allergy rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group, while the fruit allergy rate was significantly lower than that in the control group. The differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The incidence of itch, lip and mucous membrane swelling, sneezing and shock were significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group, while the incidence of skin itching and rash was significantly lower than that in the control group. The differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The prevalence of food allergy in children with bronchial asthma is higher than that in non-bronchial asthma children, and the common food allergies and clinical symptoms of bronchial asthma are significantly different from those of non-bronchial asthma children. The clinicians can make a preliminary diagnosis based on the common food allergies and clinical symptoms of children.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the feasibility and accuracy of ultrasound-guided transforaminal epidural injection. Methods:Ultrasound-guided injection at L1-2, L2-3, L3-4, L4-5, L5-6 bilaterally was performed in L1-6 spine from two Bama miniature pigs. The position of needles was detected with X-ray and CT, and observed under anatomy. The distance from the puncturing points at skin to the posterior midline, the depths and angles of puncturing between were measured and compared bilaterally. Results:The successful rate was 95% (19/20), out of which, 80% (16/20) were put the needle tips at the lower part of the intervertebral foramen, ventral side, central region or paracentral region. There was no significant difference between sides in the distances, depths or angles in 19 successful injections. Conclusion:It is accurate to transforaminally puncture under ultrasound-guided.

17.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1331-1338, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902386

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate urologist satisfaction on structured prostate MRI reports, including report with tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging (report B) and with Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) score with/without TNM staging (report C, report with PI-RADS score only [report C-a] and report with PI-RADS score and TNM staging [C-b]) compared with conventional free-text report (report A). @*Materials and Methods@#This was a prospective comparative study. Altogether, 3015 prostate MRI reports including reports A, B, C-a, and C-b were rated by 13 urologists using a 5-point Likert Scale. A questionnaire was used to assess urologist satisfaction based on the following parameters: correctness, practicality, and urologist subjectivity. Kruskal-Wallis H-test followed by Nemenyi test was used to compare urologists’ satisfaction parameters for each report type. The rate of urologist-radiologist recalls for each report type was calculated. @*Results@#Reports B and C including its subtypes had higher ratings of satisfaction than report A for overall satisfaction degree, and parameters of correctness, practicality, and subjectivity (p 0.05). Compared with report C-b (p > 0.05), report B and C-a (p 0.05). No statistical difference was found between report C-a and C-b in overall satisfaction degree and all three parameters (p > 0.05). The rate of urologist-radiologist recalls for reports A, B, C-a and C-b were 29.1%, 10.8%, 18.1% and 11.2%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Structured reports, either using TNM or PI-RADS are highly preferred over conventional free-text reports and lead to fewer report-related post-hoc inquiries from urologists.

18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1331-1338, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894682

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate urologist satisfaction on structured prostate MRI reports, including report with tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging (report B) and with Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) score with/without TNM staging (report C, report with PI-RADS score only [report C-a] and report with PI-RADS score and TNM staging [C-b]) compared with conventional free-text report (report A). @*Materials and Methods@#This was a prospective comparative study. Altogether, 3015 prostate MRI reports including reports A, B, C-a, and C-b were rated by 13 urologists using a 5-point Likert Scale. A questionnaire was used to assess urologist satisfaction based on the following parameters: correctness, practicality, and urologist subjectivity. Kruskal-Wallis H-test followed by Nemenyi test was used to compare urologists’ satisfaction parameters for each report type. The rate of urologist-radiologist recalls for each report type was calculated. @*Results@#Reports B and C including its subtypes had higher ratings of satisfaction than report A for overall satisfaction degree, and parameters of correctness, practicality, and subjectivity (p 0.05). Compared with report C-b (p > 0.05), report B and C-a (p 0.05). No statistical difference was found between report C-a and C-b in overall satisfaction degree and all three parameters (p > 0.05). The rate of urologist-radiologist recalls for reports A, B, C-a and C-b were 29.1%, 10.8%, 18.1% and 11.2%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Structured reports, either using TNM or PI-RADS are highly preferred over conventional free-text reports and lead to fewer report-related post-hoc inquiries from urologists.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance of AML patients with 11q23/MLL rearrangement, and to evaluate the effect of those mutations on the AML patients.@*METHODS@#53 cases involving translocations of chromosome 11q23 were identified by chromosome banding analysis. MLL rearrangements were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization and/or multiplex nested PCR. The samples were screened for mutations in the candidate genes FLT3-ITD, FLT3-TKD, TET2, N-RAS, ASXLI, EZH2, DNMT3, C-Kit, NPM1, WT1, CEBPA by using genomic DNA-PCR and deep-sequencing.@*RESULTS@#21/53 MLL-rearranged AML cases showed at least one additional chromosomal aberrations. The most common additional aberration was +8. Gene mutations were observed in 23 cases (43.4%) and most cases showed singal mutation. N-RAS mutation was more frequent (8 cases, 15.1%), followed by WT1 mutation in 4 cases (7.5%), FLT3-ITD mutation in 3 cases, ASXL1 mutation in 2 cases, DNMT3A mutation in 2 cases, EZH2 mutation in 1 case, c-Kit17 mutation in 1 case, FLT3-TKD mutation in 1 case, and FLT3-ITD and TKD mutation coexistent in 1 case. No mutation was detected in CEBPA, NPM1, C-KIT8, TET2. Median OS for gene mutated patients was 8.5 months and 13 months for no mutated patients. Median OS for patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was 22.5 months and 7.5 months for patients who olny received chemotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#A relatively high mutation frequency is observed in AML patients with 11q23/MLL rearrangements and most cases shows single mutation. The RAS signaling pathway alterations are most common. Gene mutation does not affect the OS of these patients, who show poor prognosis. A significantly higher Hb at initial diagnosis in FLT3 mutated patients is significantly higher than that in FLT3 wild-type cases. Patients who underwent HSCT show a better prognosis than those only received chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide combined with dihydroartemisinin on proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of THP-1 cells, and explore the mechanism. Method:The thiazolyl blue (MTT) method was applied to detect the effect of different concentrations of arsenic trioxide, dihydroartemisinin and arsenic trioxide combined with dihydroartemisinin on the proliferation of THP-1 cells. Annexin V/propidium iodide(PI)assay was used to detect the change of THP-1 cell cycle and apoptosis.Western blot was performed to assess the expression of cysteine protease-3(Caspase-3), cleaved Caspase-3, B-lymphocytoma-2(Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax). The changes of cell morphology were observed under high intension microscope. Result:Compared with blank group, arsenic trioxide and dihydroartemisinin both exhibited obvious antiproliferative effect on the human acute monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 in time-dose dependence (P<0.01). After 48 h, compared with the same dose of arsenic trioxide or that of dihydroartemisinin alone, the inhibition effect of 1 µmol·L-1 arsenic trioxide combined with 2 µmol·L-1 dihydroartemisinin on proliferation of THP-1 cells was significantly stronger (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, arsenic trioxide combined with dihydroartemisinin significantly arrested the cells in G1 phase (P<0.01), induced the downregulation of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 (P<0.01) and upregulation of cleaved Caspase-3 significantly(P<0.05). Conclusion:Arsenic trioxide combined with dihydroartemisinin can significantly inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of THP-1 cells. The possible mechanism may be related to arrest the cells in G1 phase, reduce the expression of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2, increase the expression of cleaved Caspase-3.

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