Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 223
Filter
1.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2485-2489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003890

ABSTRACT

As a basic source for the theoretical system of traditonal Chinese medicine (TCM), the Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor (《黄帝内经》) made the point of “treatment with combination of diverse methods and prescriptions”,which is one of the characteristics of TCM in treating diseases. This paper discussed the therapeutic idea of “diverse methods and prescriptions” from five dimensions, including time, population, regions, diseases, and treatments, and proposed that “combined treatment” is an effective measure to embody the idea of “diverse methods and prescriptions”. That is to say, by taking the combination of the concept of holism and syndrome differentiation and treatment as the starting point, combining pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies, and treating both internal and external diseases through multiple ways and methods, the goal to treat the disease at the root, and keep yin at peace and yang compact can be achieved. Finally, it is suggested to guide the clinical practice with “treatment with combination of diverse methods and prescriptions”, providing new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2471-2475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997004

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects and mechanism of ginsenoside Rh2 on the proliferation and apoptosis in human glioma U87 and U251 cells. METHODS Using human glioma U87 and U251 cells as subjects, the proliferation and apoptosis, as well as the expression of histone deacetylase 1(HDAC1) protein and apoptosis-related proteins [B cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and cleaved caspase-3] were detected after being treated with different concentrations of ginsenoside Rh2. RESULTS The concentrations of 10,20,30,40,50,60,70,80 μmol/L ginsenoside Rh2 could generally significantly increase the proliferation inhibition rate of U87 and U251 cells (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the half inhibitory concentrations of this component after 48 hours of action were 51.34 and 55.84 μmol/L, respectively;30,50 μmol/L ginsenoside Rh2 could increase the total apoptotic rate of both types of cells, reduced the protein expressions of HDAC1 and Bcl-2, and increased the protein expressions of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Ginsenoside Rh2 has a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of glioma cells and promotes the apoptosis of cells, which may be through reducing the expression of HDAC1 protein and activating the Bcl-2 family protein-mediated apoptosis pathway.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 202-206, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972312

ABSTRACT

Glioma is a common primary malignant brain tumor. At present, the main clinical treatment is surgical resection combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Due to the selective permeability of the blood-brain barrier and the characteristics of multi-drug resistance of tumor cells, the therapeutic effect is not ideal. In recent years, studies have found that borneol could open the blood-brain barrier and promote the infiltration of chemotherapy drugs. When borneol is combined with or co-carried with chemotherapy drugs, chemotherapy drugs could target more glioma tissues and increase efficacy. The preclinical studies on the combination of borneol and chemotherapy drugs in recent years were reviewed in this article, in order to provide useful reference for the treatment of glioma.

4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 410-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985939

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for patients with acute leukemia who are positive for the SET-NUP214 fusion gene (SET-NUP214+AL). Methods: This was a retrospective case series study. Clinical data of 18 patients with SET-NUP214+AL who received allo-HSCT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and Soochow Hongci Hematology Hospital from December 2014 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed to investigate treatment efficacy and prognosis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: Of the 18 patients, 12 were male and 6 were female, and the median age was 29 years (range, 13-55 years). There were six cases of mixed phenotype acute leukemia (three cases of myeloid/T, two cases of B/T, one case of myeloid/B/T), nine cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (one case of B-ALL and eight cases of T-ALL), and three cases of acute myeloid leukemia. All patients received induction chemotherapy after diagnosis, and 17 patients achieved complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy. All patients subsequently received allo-HSCT. Pre-transplantation status: 15 patients were in the first CR, 1 patient was in the second CR, 1 was in partial remission, and 1 patient did not reach CR. All patients were successfully implanted with stem cells. The median time of granulocyte and platelet reconstitution was +12 and +13 days, respectively. With a median follow-up of 23 (4-80) months, 15 patients survived, while 3 patients died. The cause of death was recurrence of SET-NUP214+AL after transplantation. After allo-HSCT, 5 patients relapsed. The estimated 3-year overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) rates were 83.3%±15.2% and 55.4%±20.7%, respectively. Among the 15 patients who achieved CR before transplantation, there was no significant difference in OS and RFS between haploidentical HSCT and matched sibling donor HSCT (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Allo-HSCT can improve the prognosis and long-term survival rate of patients with SET-NUP214+AL. Disease recurrence is the most important factor affecting long-term survival.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Survival Analysis , Remission Induction , Acute Disease , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 294-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960954

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical effect of 25G+pars plana vitrectomy(PPV)combined with preoperative intravitreal injection of conbercept in the treatment of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR), and analyze the influence on visual acuity, central foveal thickness(CMT)and serum vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)level.METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted from October 2019 to January 2022. A total of 80 patients(87 eyes)with PDR were divided into the two groups according to the treatment method, with 40 patients(45 eyes)treated with 25G+PPV in the control group, and 40 patients(42 eyes)treated with 25G+PPV combined with preoperative intravitreal injection of conbercept in the observation group. The two groups were compared in terms of the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), intraocular pressure, CMT and serum VEGF level before treatment and at 2wk, 1 and 3mo after treatment. The patients were followed up for 3mo, with postoperative complications and recurrence recorded.RESULTS: The incidence of intraoperative bleeding in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). After treatment, the BCVA of the two groups was improved(P<0.05), CMT and serum VEGF level were decreased(P<0.05), but there was no significant change in intraocular pressure(P>0.05). The BCVA and CMT of observation group were lower than those of control group at 1 and 3mo after treatment(P<0.05). Serum VEGF level in the observation group was lower than that in the control group at 3mo after treatment(P<0.05). The incidence of complications in observation group(5%)within 3mo after treatment was significantly lower than that in control group(18%; P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in recurrence rate of PDR between the two groups(P>0.05).CONCLUSION: With few complications, 25G+PPV combined with preoperative intravitreal injection of conbercept is effective in the treatment of patients with PDR, which can better promote postoperative vision recovery, improve macular edema, and reduce serum VEGF level.

6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 726-731, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the genetic characteristics, clinical characteristics, and prognosis of children with primary dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 44 children who were diagnosed with DCM in Hebei Children's Hospital from July 2018 to February 2023. According to the genetic testing results, they were divided into two groups: gene mutation-positive group (n=17) and gene mutation-negative group (n=27). The two groups were compared in terms of clinical data at initial diagnosis and follow-up data.@*RESULTS@#Among the 44 children with DCM, there were 21 boys (48%) and 23 girls (52%). Respiratory symptoms including cough and shortness of breath were the most common symptom at initial diagnosis (34%, 15/44). The detection rate of gene mutations was 39% (17/44). There were no significant differences between the two groups in clinical characteristics, proportion of children with cardiac function grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ, brain natriuretic peptide levels, left ventricular ejection fraction, and left ventricular fractional shortening at initial diagnosis (P>0.05). The median follow-up time was 23 months, and 9 children (20%) died, including 8 children from the gene mutation-positive group, among whom 3 had TTN gene mutation, 2 had LMNA gene mutation, 2 had TAZ gene mutation, and 1 had ATAD3A gene mutation. The gene mutation-positive group had a significantly higher mortality rate than the gene mutation-negative group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is no correlation between the severity of DCM at initial diagnosis and gene mutations in children. However, children with gene mutations may have a poorer prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Stroke Volume , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Phenotype , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/diagnosis , Mutation , ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 462-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936033

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role and mechanism of Vγ4 T cells in impaired wound healing of rapamycin-induced full-thickness skin defects in mice. Methods: The experimental research methods were applied. Eighty-six C57BL/6J male mice (hereinafter briefly referred to as wild-type mice) aged 8-12 weeks were selected for the following experiments. Vγ4 T cells were isolated from axillary lymph nodes of five wild-type mice for the following experiments. Intraperitoneal injection of rapamycin for 42 mice was performed to establish rapamycin-treated mice model for the following experiments. Eighteen wild-type mice were divided into normal control group without any treatment, trauma only group, and trauma+CC chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) inhibitor group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), with 6 mice in each group. The full-thickness skin defect wound was made on the back of mice in the latter two groups (the same wound model below), and mice in trauma+CCL20 inhibitor group were continuously injected subcutaneously with CCL20 inhibitor at the wound edge for 3 days after injury. Another 6 rapamycin-treated mice were used to establish wound model as rapamycin+trauma group. On post injury day (PID) 3, the epidermal cells of the skin tissue around the wound of each trauma mice were extracted by enzyme digestion, and the percentage of Vγ4 T cells in the epidermal cells was detected by flow cytometry. In normal control group, the epidermal cells of the normal skin tissue in the back of mice were taken at the appropriate time point for detection as above. Five wild-type mice were used to establish wound models. On PID 3, the epidermal cells were extracted from the skin tissue around the wound. The cell populations were divided into Vγ4 T cells, Vγ3 T cells, and γδ negative cells by fluorescence-activated cell sorter, which were set as Vγ4 T cell group, Vγ3 T cell group, and γδ negative cell group (with cells in each group being mixed with B16 mouse melanoma cells), respectively. B16 mouse melanoma cells were used as melanoma cell control group. The expression of interleukin-22 (IL-22) mRNA in cells of each group was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), with the number of samples being 6. Thirty rapamycin-treated mice were used to establish wound models, which were divided into Vγ4 T cell only group and Vγ4 T cell+IL-22 inhibitor group performed with corresponding injections and rapamycin control group injected with phosphate buffer solution (PBS) immediately after injury, with 10 mice in each group. Another 10 wild-type mice were taken to establish wound models and injected with PBS as wild-type control group. Mice in each group were injected continuously for 6 days. The percentage of wound area of mice in the four groups was calculated on PID 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 after injection on the same day. Six wild-type mice and 6 rapamycin-treated mice were taken respectively to establish wound models as wild-type group and rapamycin group. On PID 3, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-22 and CCL20 in the peri-wound epidermis tissue of mice in the two groups were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The Vγ4 T cells were divided into normal control group without any treatment and rapamycin-treated rapamycin group. After being cultured for 24 hours, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-22 of cells in the two groups were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively, with the number of samples being 6. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, Bonferroni method, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: The percentage of Vγ4 T cells in the epidermal cells of the skin tissue around the wound of mice in trauma only group on PID 3 was 0.66% (0.52%, 0.81%), which was significantly higher than 0.09% (0.04%, 0.14%) in the epidermal cells of the normal skin tissue of mice in normal control group (Z=4.31, P<0.01). The percentages of Vγ4 T cells in the epidermal cells of the skin tissue around the wound of mice in rapamycin+trauma group and trauma+CCL20 inhibitor group on PID 3 were 0.25% (0.16%, 0.37%) and 0.24% (0.17%, 0.35%), respectively, which were significantly lower than that in trauma only group (with Z values of 2.27 and 2.25, respectively, P<0.05). The mRNA expression level of IL-22 of cells in Vγ4 T cell group was significantly higher than that in Vγ3 T cell group, γδ negative cell group, and melanoma cell control group (with Z values of 2.96, 2.45, and 3.41, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in wild-type control group, the percentage of wound area of mice in rapamycin control group increased significantly on PID 1-6 (P<0.01), the percentage of wound area of mice in Vγ4 T cell+IL-22 inhibitor group increased significantly on PID 1 and PID 3-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in rapamycin control group, the percentage of wound area of mice in Vγ4 T cell only group decreased significantly on PID 1-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in Vγ4 T cell only group, the percentage of wound area of mice in Vγ4 T cell+IL-22 inhibitor group increased significantly on PID 3-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). On PID 3, compared with those in wild-type group, the expression levels of IL-22 protein and mRNA (with t values of -7.82 and -5.04, respectively, P<0.01) and CCL20 protein and mRNA (with t values of -7.12 and -5.73, respectively, P<0.01) were decreased significantly in the peri-wound epidermis tissue of mice in rapamycin group. After being cultured for 24 hours, the expression levels of IL-22 protein and mRNA in Vγ4 T cells in rapamycin group were significantly lower than those in normal control group (with t values of -7.75 and -6.04, respectively, P<0.01). Conclusions: In mice with full-thickness skin defects, rapamycin may impair the CCL20 chemotactic system by inhibiting the expression of CCL20, leading to a decrease in the recruitment of Vγ4 T cells to the epidermis, and at the same time inhibit the secretion of IL-22 by Vγ4 T cells, thereby slowing the wound healing rate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Melanoma , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Messenger , Sirolimus/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes , Wound Healing
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 541-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of fire needling on psoriasis-like lesion and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway in mice and compare the therapeutic effect between different interventions of fire needling therapy (surrounding technique of fire needling, fire needling at "Dazhui" [GV 14] and "Zusanli" [ST 36]).@*METHODS@#Thirty male BALB/c mice were randomized into a blank group, a model group, a dexamthasone group, a surrounding technique group and an acupoint group, 6 mice in each one. Except the blank group, the mice in the rest groups were established as psoriasis-like lesion model by topical application with imiquimod cream, once daily, consecutively for 8 days. From day 4 to day 8, in the dexamthasone group, gastric infusion with 0.2 mL dexamthasone was administered, once daily. On day 4, 6 and 8, in the surrounding technique group, fire needling was exerted around the skin lesion; and fire needling was applied to "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) in the acupoint group, once a day. The changes in skin lesion on the dorsal parts of mice were observed in each group to score the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI). Using HE staining, the dermal morphological changes and epidermal thickness were observed in the mice of each group. The positive expression of proliferating cell-associated antigen Ki-67 was determined by immunofluorescence. Immunohistochemistry method was used to determine the expressions of , and T cells of skin tissue in each group. Using real-time PCR, the expressions of interleukin (IL)-17, IL-22, tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) mRNA were determined. Western blot method was adopted to determine the protein expressions of STAT3 and p-STAT3 in skin tissue in each group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the scores of each item and the total scores of PASI, as well as the epidermal thickness were all increased in the mice of the model group (P<0.01). Except for the erythema scores of the dexamethasone group and the surrounding technique group, the scores of each item and the total scores of PASI, as well as the epidermal thickness were all decreased in each intervention group as compared with the model group (P<0.01). The infiltration scores and the total scores in the dexamethasone group and the acupoint group were lower than those in the surrounding technique group respectively (P<0.01, P<0.05). In comparison with the blank group, Ki-67 positive cell numbers and the numbers of , and T cells in skin tissue were increased in the mice of the model group (P<0.01). Ki-67 positive cell numbers and the numbers of , and T cells were reduced in each intervention group as compared with the model group (P<0.01), and the numbers of and T cells in the acupoint group were less than the surrounding technique group (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the mRNA expressions of IL-17, IL-22 and TNF-α and the ratio of p-STAT3 to STAT3 were all increased in the model group (P<0.01). The mRNA expressions of IL-17, IL-22 and TNF-α and the ratio of p-STAT3 to STAT3 were all decreased in each intervention group as compared with the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The mRNA expressions of IL-17, IL-22 and TNF-α in the acupoint group, as well as mRNA expression of IL-17 in the surrounding technique group were all lower than the dexamethasone group (P<0.01), while, the mRNA expression of IL-22 in the acupoint group was lower than the surrounding technique group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling therapy improves skin lesion severity in imiquimod induced psoriasis-like lesion of the mice, which is probably related to the inhibition of STAT3 pathway activation and the decrease of Th17 inflammatory factors expression. The systemic regulation of fire needling at "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) is superior to the local treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Imiquimod/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Psoriasis/drug therapy , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/pharmacology , Skin/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 66-72, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion on skin lesions and immune inflammatory response in psoriasis mice, and to explore the possible mechanism of moxibustion for psoriasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 32 male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a moxibustion group and a medication group, 8 mice in each group. Psoriasis model was induced by applying 5% imiquimod cream on the back for 7 days in the model group, the moxibustion group and the medication group. At the same time of model establishment, the moxibustion group was treated with suspension moxibustion on skin lesions on the back, 20 min each time, once a day; the medication group was treated with 1 mg/kg methotrexate tablet solution by gavage, once a day. Both groups were intervened for 7 days. The daily changes of skin lesions were observed, and the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score was evaluated; the histopathological changes of skin lesions were observed by HE staining; the positive expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and T lymphocyte surface marker CD3 were detected by immunohistochemistry; the expression level of serum interleukin (IL) -17A was detected by ELISA, and the relative expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in skin lesions were detected by real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#The increased and hypertrophy scale, dry skin, red and swollen epidermis and obvious infiltration were observed in the model group, and each score and total score of PASI were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.01). The scale score, infiltration score, and total score of PASI in the moxibustion group were lower than those in the model group (P<0.01); the infiltration score and total score of PASI in the medication group were lower than those in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The inflammatory cell infiltration in the model group was obvious, and the thickness of epidermal layer was increased compared with that in the normal group (P<0.01); the inflammatory cell infiltration and Munro micro abscess were decreased in the moxibustion group and the medication group, and the thickness of epidermal layer was decreased compared with that in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the positive cell number of PCNA and T was increased (P<0.01), and the body mass was decreased, and the spleen index was increased (P<0.01), and the expression of serum IL-17A and the relative expression of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in the skin lesions was increased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the positive cell number of PCNA and T was reduced (P<0.01), and the spleen index and the relative expression of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA were reduced (P<0.01) in the moxibustion group and the medication group; the body mass of mice in the moxibustion group was higher than that in the model group (P<0.01); the content of serum IL-17A in the medication group was lower than that in the model group (P<0.01); the relative expression of TNF-α, IL-1β mRNA in the moxibustion group was higher than that in the medication group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could effectively improve the scale and infiltration of skin lesions in psoriasis mice. Its mechanism may be related to inhibiting inflammatory response and regulating immunity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Imiquimod , Moxibustion , Psoriasis/therapy , Skin , Spleen , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 40-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940418

ABSTRACT

Sleep plays an important role in energy balance. As reported, sleep disorder is an important risk factor for metabolic diseases. Controlling the relationship between energy metabolism and sleep can affect sleep homeostasis and body metabolic rate. Chinese medicine, with remarkable curative effects in the prevention and treatment of insomnia, has the characteristics of green, safety, and few side effects, and attracts extensive attention of scholars in the world. In recent years, remarkable progress has been made in the research on the mechanism of Chinese medicine in interfering with sleep. This paper reviewed the research progress of mind-tranquilizing Chinese medicines, such as compounds (pterostilbene), Chinese medicinal drugs (Ziziphi Spinosae Semen), and Chinese medicinal prescriptions (Jiaotaiwan, Suanzaoren tang, Tianwang Buxindan, Anmeidan, Banxia Houpotang, Qihuo decoction, Songyu Anshen prescriptions, and Shuxie Yihao prescriptions) in the treatment of sleep disorders by regulating energy metabolism. The findings revealed that Chinese medicine can intervene in the sleep deprivation model by affecting metabolism-related pathways such as material metabolism, mitochondrial function, oxidative stress and inflammatory response, appetite system, and biological clock system. In terms of frequency of use, the top drugs are Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Poria, Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma which affect heart and liver meridians to regulate blood circulation, ensure energy supply, and play the role of nourishing the heart and tranquilizing the mind. The present paper summarized the effects and mechanisms of Chinese medicine in the treatment of insomnia and other sleep disorders from the perspective of energy metabolism to provide references for further research and exploration of diseases in the future.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 26-32, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940416

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of Anmeidan (AMD) on neuronal structure and neuronal marker protein expression in the hippocampal CA1 region of sleep-deprived (SD) rats. MethodRats were randomly divided into control group, model group, an AMD group (9.09 g·kg-1·d-1), and melatonin group (0.27 g·kg-1·d-1). Rats in the control group and the model group received equal volumes of physiologicol saline. The SD model was induced by the self-made sleep deprivation box for four weeks. Ethovision XT system detected and analyzed the spontaneous behaviors of rats. The histomorphology of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Nissl staining, and the changes in Nissl bodies were observed by Nissl staining. The ultrastructure of hippocampal cells was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2), nestin, and neuronal nuclei (NeuN) in the CA1 region. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group showed longer distance, increased average activity speed, cumulative duration, average body fill, and higher activity frequency (P<0.01). Besides, the neurons in the CA1 region were reduced in number with disorganized arrangement, wrinkled nuclei, deeply stained cytoplasm, reduced Nissl bodies, swollen and deformed mitochondria, shortened cristae, and swollen Golgi vesicles. Furthermore, the mean integral absorbance (IA) value of GFAP increased and those of MAP2, nestin, and NeuN decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the AMD group showed shortened distance traveled, lower average activity speed, shorter cumulative duration, decreased average body fill, and reduced activity frequency (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, the neurons in the CA1 region were relieved from damage with increased cell number, clear nuclei and cytoplasm, increased Nissl bodies, and relieved mitochondrial damage. The IA value of GFAP decreased and those of MAP2, nestin, and NeuN increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionAMD can improve structural damage of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region of sleep-deprived rats, which may be achieved by decreasing GFAP expression and increasing MAP2, nestin, and NeuN expression.

12.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 473-480, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939912

ABSTRACT

Five new polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (1-5), ascyrones A-E, and four known compounds (6-9) were isolated from the aerial parts of Hypericum ascyron. All of the isolates containing a bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-2,4,9-trione core and a benzoyl group, belonged to type B bicyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (BPAPs). Their structures and absolute configurations were established based on spectroscopic analyses and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. The anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and cytotoxicity activities of compounds 1-4 and 6-9 were evaluated. Compound 6 exhibited obvious anti-inflammatory activity in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells. Compounds 1 and 9 exhibited slight cytotoxicity against Hep3B cells. Meanwhile, compound 1 showed mild neuroprotective activity against corticosterone (CORT)-induced PC12 cell damage at 10 μmol·L-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Hypericum/chemistry , Molecular Structure , PC12 Cells , Phloroglucinol/pharmacology
13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 563-573, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of exercise on preventing falls in the elderly. Methods:Literatures of randomized controlled trials about exercises for prevention of falls in the elderly were retrieved from Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library and CNKI from 1980 to July, 2020. The qualities were evaluated with Review Manager 5.3, and the data were analyzed with R-Studio and Addis 1.16.6. Results:A total of 172 randomized controlled trials were finally included, with nine kinds of exercise intervention. The cognition and movement multitask training was the most effective to decrease fall rate (OR = 0.26, 95%CI 0.14 to 0.49, P < 0.05). The combined physical and whole body vibration training was the most effective to improve the score of Berg Balance Scale (d = 6.3, 95%CI 3.5 to 9.2, P < 0.05) and the time of Timed 'Up & Go' Test (d = -4.5, 95%CI -6.8 to -2.1, P < 0.05). The blood flow restriction training was the most effective to increase the lower limb muscle strength (d = 12, 95%CI 7.4 to 16, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The cognition and movement multitask training is the first recommended exercise to prevent falls in the elderly, followed by Taiji Quan and multimodal training. Gait practice or resistance training are the least effective. A variety of new intervention methods (blood flow restriction training, combined physical and whole body vibration training, Wit Fit training, etc.) may improve the physical function of the elderly, and need further researches.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2376-2379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904951

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of the levels of fat-soluble vitamins (FSVs) with the changes of related indicators in infants with cholestatic liver disease, and to provide a basis for the supplementation of FSVs in infants with cholestatic liver disease. Methods A total of 136 children with cholestatic liver disease who were hospitalized in Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, from January 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled as observation group, and 30 healthy infants who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period of time were enrolled as control group. Related data were recorded, including gestational age, age in days, sex, and etiology, and related examinations were performed, including liver function, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, coagulation function, etiology, radiological examination, and gene detection. The serum levels of vitamins A, D, E, and K were also measured. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Results There were significant differences in the levels of FSVs between the observation group and the control group (vitamin A: Z =-2.850, P = 0.004; vitamin D3: Z =-5.705, P 0.05). Serum total bilirubin was significantly correlated with vitamins A and D3 (vitamin A: r =-0.178, P =0.038; vitamin D3: r =-0.296, P 0.05), while there was a significant change in vitamin K level after treatment ( Z =-5.662, P < 0.001). Conclusion The levels of FSVs in children with cholestatic liver disease are significantly lower than those in healthy infants of the same age in days. An increase in serum total bilirubin can indicate the deficiency of vitamins A and D3; increases in serum direct bilirubin and total bile acid can indicate vitamin D3 deficiency; an increase in serum alkaline phosphatase can indicate the deficiency of vitamins A and D3.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2376-2379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904901

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of the levels of fat-soluble vitamins (FSVs) with the changes of related indicators in infants with cholestatic liver disease, and to provide a basis for the supplementation of FSVs in infants with cholestatic liver disease. Methods A total of 136 children with cholestatic liver disease who were hospitalized in Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, from January 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled as observation group, and 30 healthy infants who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period of time were enrolled as control group. Related data were recorded, including gestational age, age in days, sex, and etiology, and related examinations were performed, including liver function, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, coagulation function, etiology, radiological examination, and gene detection. The serum levels of vitamins A, D, E, and K were also measured. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Results There were significant differences in the levels of FSVs between the observation group and the control group (vitamin A: Z =-2.850, P = 0.004; vitamin D3: Z =-5.705, P 0.05). Serum total bilirubin was significantly correlated with vitamins A and D3 (vitamin A: r =-0.178, P =0.038; vitamin D3: r =-0.296, P 0.05), while there was a significant change in vitamin K level after treatment ( Z =-5.662, P < 0.001). Conclusion The levels of FSVs in children with cholestatic liver disease are significantly lower than those in healthy infants of the same age in days. An increase in serum total bilirubin can indicate the deficiency of vitamins A and D3; increases in serum direct bilirubin and total bile acid can indicate vitamin D3 deficiency; an increase in serum alkaline phosphatase can indicate the deficiency of vitamins A and D3.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4689-4696, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888173

ABSTRACT

The sustainable use of medicinal plants is the foundation of the inheritance of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and the acquisition of information on medicinal plants is the basis for the development of TCM. The traditional methods of investigating medicinal plant resources are disadvantageous in strong subjectivity and poor timeliness, making it difficult to real-time monitor medicinal plant resources. In recent years, remote sensing technology has become an important means of obtaining information on medicinal plants. The application of this technology has made up for the shortcomings of traditional methods. The open-access remote sensing data with medium spatial resolution satellites provide an opportunity for extracting information on medicinal plant resources. This study firstly introduced the principles of remote sensing technology, summarized the satellites and the parameters commonly used in the field of medicinal plant resources, and compared the survey methods of remote sensing technology with traditional methods. Secondly, it reviewed the applications of remote sensing technology in the extraction of information on the cultivation of medicinal plants and the common methods for extracting the planting structure information of medicinal plants based on remote sensing technology. Thirdly, the applications of remote sensing technology in the investigation and monitoring of medicinal plants were further analyzed with the research objects divided into wild and cultivated medicinal plants according to the characteristics of the habitats. Finally, it pointed out the key unsolved technical problems in the remote sensing monitoring of medicinal plant resources, and proposed solutions for the intelligent information processing of medicinal plants based on remote sensing big data, which is expected to provide references for the development of remote sensing technology in derivative application in medicinal plant resources.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Remote Sensing Technology
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 762-766, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887479

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the short-term and long-term effects of moxibustion on plaque psoriasis of blood stasis, and to compare the curative effect between moxibustion and calcipotriol ointment.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 patients with plaque psoriasis of blood stasis were randomly divided into an observation group (40 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (40 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Both groups were given routine medical vaseline topical emollient basic treatment. In the observation group, moxibustion was applied to @*RESULTS@#After treatment, the PASI scores in the both groups were lower than before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Both moxibustion and calcipotriol ointment have good short-term effects on plaque psoriasis of blood stasis. Moxibustion has more advantages in reducing the recurrence rate of psoriasis, improving the main clinical symptoms of TCM and quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Moxibustion , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
18.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 31-35, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886084

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the application value of spacial clusters detection of human schistosomiasis epidemic,based on small scale level in heavy mountainous and hilly endemic areas, Songzi County,Hubei Province,China. Methods Positive results of human serological detection antibody titer equal or above 80,and positive schistosomiasis cases of fecal examination from 2016 to 2018 as research object in Songzi County.The flexible irregular space scan statistics was used to analyse the spatial clustering analysis of human schistosomiasis epidemic in the heavy mountainous and hilly endemic areas, setting parameter K=2 ,K=6 or K=10, respectively,based on small scale of village level in Songzi County. Results There was none positive schistosomiasis cases of fecal examination in Songzi County from 2016 to 2018.The number of human serological detection antibody titer equal or above 80 were  74, 206, 83, from 2016 to 2018,respectively.There was spatial clusters of positive of human serological detection antibody titer equal or above 80 for schistosomiasis cases in the county from 2016-2018. Areas of flexible irregular space scan statistic in cluster detection changing with the change of different K values. Under different parameters of flexible irregular space scan statistic results show that the most likely cluster of 40 endemic villages in three towns,inculding Laocheng town,Chendian town and Wangjiaqiao town were the prominent. Conclusion There are spatial clusters of human schistosomiasis based on small scale of village level by flexible irregular space scan statistic in mountainous and hilly endemic areas, Songzi County,Hubei Province.Therefore,the monitoring and control of schistosomiasis should be consolidated in the future,in order to achieve schistosomiasis elimination in Hubei Province at an early date.

19.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 344-348, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of Xiaoer Jinqiao granule combined with interferon α-2b on acute herpangina in children and its effect on immune function and myocardial enzyme. Methods:A total of 102 children with acute herpangina who received treatment in Hangzhou Ninth People's Hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 were randomly assigned to receive treatment with either interferon α-2b (control group, n = 51) or Xiaoer Jinqiao granule combined with interferon α-2b (observation group, n = 51) for 5 d. The time to disappearance of main symptoms, changes in humoral immune function, changes in cellular immune function and myocardial enzyme level after treatment relative to before treatment as well as curative effect were compared between the control and observation groups. Results:The time to disappearance of pharyngeal herpes [(3.05 ± 0.74) d], salivation [(2.31 ± 0.68) d], and fever [(1.36 ± 0.39) d] in the observation group were significantly shorter than those in the control group [(4.38 ± 0.98) d, (3.83 ± 1.07) d, (2.54 ± 0.71) d, t = 7.773, 8.562, 10.403, all P < 0.05]. After treatment, serum IgA [(1.49 ± 0.16) g/L], IgG [(10.29 ± 0.89) g/L] and IgM [(1.26 ± 0.14) g/L] levels in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group [(1.13 ± 0.12) g/L, (9.35 ± 0.72) g/L and (0.98 ± 0.13) g/L, t = 12.855, 5.864 and 10.466, all P < 0.05]. After treatment, CD 3+ [(74.29 ± 2.15)%], CD 4+ [(40.85 ± 1.65)%] and CD 4+/CD 8+ expression [(1.87 ± 0.23)] in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group [(67.96 ± 2.43)%, (38.02 ± 1.20)% and (1.49 ± 0.14), t = 13.933, 9.906 and 10.079, all P < 0.05]. After treatment, serum creatine kinase [(147.86 ± 15.42) U/L] and lactate dehydrogenase [(128.64 ± 14.25) U/L] in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group [(176.95 ± 13.15) U/L and (184.32 ± 18.98) U/L, t = 10.251, 16.754, both P < 0.05]. Total effective rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [92.16% (47/51) vs. 74.51% (38/51), χ 2 = 5.718, P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Xiaoer Jinqiao granule combined with interferon α-2b has obvious curative effect on acute herpangina in children because it can improve the humoral and cellular immune function and reduce myocardial damage.

20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1-9, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788902

ABSTRACT

Aiming at the problem that the small samples of critical disease in clinic may lead to prognostic models with poor performance of overfitting, large prediction error and instability, the long short-term memory transferring algorithm (transLSTM) was proposed. Based on the idea of transfer learning, the algorithm leverages the correlation between diseases to transfer information of different disease prognostic models, constructs the effictive model of target disease of small samples with the aid of large data of related diseases, hence improves the prediction performance and reduces the requirement for target training sample quantity. The transLSTM algorithm firstly uses the related disease samples to pretrain partial model parameters, and then further adjusts the whole network with the target training samples. The testing results on MIMIC-Ⅲ database showed that compared with traditional LSTM classification algorithm, the transLSTM algorithm had 0.02-0.07 higher AUROC and 0.05-0.14 larger AUPRC, while its number of training iterations was only 39%-64% of the traditional algorithm. The results of application on sepsis revealed that the transLSTM model of only 100 training samples had comparable mortality prediction performance to the traditional model of 250 training samples. In small sample situations, the transLSTM algorithm has significant advantages with higher prediciton accuracy and faster training speed. It realizes the application of transfer learning in the prognostic model of critical disease with small samples.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL