Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912493

ABSTRACT

Research on the application of artificial intelligence in laboratory medicine has become an important direction for laboratory development. However, there were still problems in the process of product application research and development of artificial intelligence technology, such as lack of interpretability of machine learning models, lack of talent teams, and many potential safety hazards. The reason for this may include low quality of data sets, deviations in research design, imperfect talent training mechanism, and inadequate legislation and supervision. In response to these reasons, the article proposes countermeasures, including establishing data entry and collection standards, formulating data labeling management standards, making model risk analysis, strengthening compound talent training, and improving supervision and management systems. Ensuring artificial intelligence products applied in the field of laboratory medicine could effectively improve the quality of medical services on the premise of improving the efficiency of diagnosis and reducing the rate of misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of a predictire model composed of non-specific test indexes in early diagnosis of gastric cancer.Methods:From the database of electronic medical record system of Shanghai Changhai Hospital, a total of 24 615 case records were included from January 1, 2010 to April 30, 2019, including 10 497 cases of gastric cancer, 5 198 cases of precancerous diseases, and 8 920 cases of health examination. Through stratified random sampling, the study population was divided into validation set, training set and test set. After data processing and quality control for all laboratory variables, the optimal machine learning algorithm and diagnostic efficiency grouping were selected through four machine learning algorithms, induding the gradient boosting decision tree, random forest, support vector machine, and artificial neural network, and the data were trained by backward stepwise regression method to build the best feature model.Result:In this study, a diagnostic model V22 consisting of 22 routine testing parameters was established. V22 could distinguish early gastric cancer from control group composed of healthy group and precancerous disease, AUC was 0.808, the sensitivity was 85.7%, and the specificity was 91.9%. For CEA negative gastric cancer, V22 also showed high diagnostic accuracy, AUC was 0.801.Conclusion:V22 was a valuable model for the diagnosis of gastric cancer. V22 was an auxiliary diagnostic model of gastric cancer with clinical application value, which could well distinguish early gastric cancer from the control group composed of healthy group and precancerous disease, and the detection rate of early gastric cancer was better than the traditional tumor marker CEA.

3.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 480-482, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486003

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the inhibiting mechanism of microRNA-199a/b-3p(miR-199)on cell proliferation of triple negative breast cancer(TNBC)cells.Methods:Expression of miR199 in BT549 and MDA-MB-231 cells transfected with miR-199a/b-3p was detected by qRT-PCR.The proliferation of BT549 and MDA-MB-231 cells transfected with miR-199 were analysed by MTT as-say.Cell cycle of TNBC cells transfected with miR-199 was detected by Flow Cytometry assay.Results:MiR-199a/b-3p could suppress the proliferation of BT549 and MDA-MB-231 cells.Comparing with normal control,the proliferation rate were up to(41.02±2.34)%and(28.42 ±6.70 )%,and the cell cycle were arrest at G 1 phase.Conclusion: MiR-199a/b-3p could suppress the proliferation of TNBC,and may be a promising anti-cancer drug for TNBC.

4.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1242-1244, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the inhibiting mechanism of microRNA-199a/b-3p ( miR-199a/b-3p) on cell motility of breast cancer cells.Methods:The expression of PAK4 in MDA-MB-231 cells transfected with miR-199a/b-3p was detected by Western blot.The biology behaviors of MDA-MB-231 cells transfected with miR-199a/b-3p or PAK4 SiRNA were analysed by cell migration assay,invasion assay and protrusion dynamics.Results: MiR-199a/b-3p could suppress the expression of PAK 4 in MDA-MB-231 cells.Comparing with normal control ,miR-199a/b-3p or PAK4 SiRNA could suppress the migration ,invasion and membrane protrusion of MDA-MB-231 cells.Conclusion:miR-199a/b-3p could suppress the expression of PAK4,which are considered key breast cancer suppressors and inhibit the cell motility of breast cancer cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1183-1185, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of PAK4 interruption by microRNA-199a/b-3p (miR-199a/b-3p) on migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods: To test targeting of PAK4 by miR-199a/b-3p,we used luciferase assay in HEK293T cells cotransfected miR-199a/b-3p mimcs and pmirGLO-PAK4 3′UTR.The expression of PAK4 in SMMC-7721 transfected with miR-199a/b-3p was detected by Western blot.The biology behaviors of SMMC-7721 cells transfected with miR-199a/b-3p or PAK4 Si were analysed by cell migration assay and invasion assay.Results:MiR-199a/b-3p could suppress the mRNA and protein ex-pression of PAK4 by targeting PAK4 3′UTR,and the downregulating PAK 4 expression suppress the migration and invasion of SMMC-7721 cells.Conclusion: MiR-199a/b-3p could suppress the expression of PAK 4, which are considered key HCC suppressors and inhibit the migration and invasion of HCC cells.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589567

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Okinawa Habu apoxin protein-1 (OHAP-1) on the proliferation inhibition of rat C6 glioma cells and its mechanisms. Methods MTT colorimetric analysis was used to measure the inhibitory effect of OHAP-1 with different doses(2.5,5.0,and 10.0 mg?L-1) on C6 glioma cells .RT-PCR was used to evaluate the mRNA expressions of bcl-2 and bax genes.The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the level of maleicdialdehyde (MDA) in the C6 glioma cells were also examined. Results The proliferation of C6 glioma cells was significantly inhibited by different doses of OHAP-1(2.5,5.0,and 10.0 mg?L-1).The inhibitory rate were 49.77%,67.65%,and 76.42%,respectively.The inhibitory rate in 2.5,5.0, and 10.0 mg?L-1 groups were higher than that in control group(P

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529273

ABSTRACT

AIM:To study the effect of vitamin K3(VK3) on the induction of apoptosis in androgen-independent prostate cancer cell PC-3M in vitro.METHODS:Cell viability was estimated by MTT assay.AO/EB staining was performed to detect apoptotic cells.Apoptosis and the changes of cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry.NAC was used to observe the effect of growth inhibition by VK3.RT-PCR was used to confirm the changes in gene expression.Levels of intracellular peroxides were estimated by using an oxidation-sensitive fluorescent probe DCFH-DA.RESULTS:PC-3M cells growth was significantly inhibited by VK3(≥60 ?mol/L,P

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524713

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the role of calcineurin i n th e expression of NF-?B and the neurotoxicity in cultured cortical neurons treate d with interleukin-1? (IL-1?) and NMDA. METHODS: The cultured rat cortical neurons were used in the expe riment, damage of neurons was induced by interleukin-1?(IL-1?) or excitator y amino acid (NMDA). The degree of neuron damage was examined with the methods o f MTT assay and LDH releasing rate assay, as well as the Annexin V and PI immuno fluorescence. The expression of NF-?B p65 on the neurons was tested by the West ern blot analysis. RESULTS: Viability of neurons was obviously lower in the IL-1? group and NMDA group respectively than that in control group (P0.05). Annexin V and PI immunofluoresc ence showed that IL-1? mainly induced the neuron apoptosis, and NMDA induced th e neuron necrosis. CONCLUSIONS: The calcineurin mediates the higher expression of N F -?B p65 and neuron damage induced by IL-1?, but not play a critical role in th e necrosis induced by NMDA in the cultured cortical neurons. These results indic ate that calcineurin is the key molecule in the apoptotic signaling pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518837

ABSTRACT

AIM:To study the protection and mechanism of Asclepiadaceae against the damage of neuron by free radical. METHODS:The model of ischemia and damaged neuron induced by H 2O 2 was made respectively. The protection of Asclepiadaceae was observed with the measurement of contents of MDA in brain and cultured neuron, transudatory rate of LDH, breaking rate of DNA and clearance rate of?OH in cultured neuron. RESULTS:Asclepiadaceae decreased the raising of MDA in brain induced by ischemia. The raising of transudatory rate of LDH,breaking rate of DNA and content of MDA inducing by H 2O 2 in cultured neuron were also observed. The clearance rate of?OH in cultured neuron increased as the contents of Asclepiadaceae raised. CONCLUSION: The mechanism of Asclepiadaceae protecting the neuron is related to its ability to clean up free radical.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct specific small interfering RNA(siRNA) expressing vectors of intracellular Ca2+ transport protein(CaT1)gene and detect its silencing effects.Methods:The hairpin sequences of siRNAs targeting CaT1 gene were designed,synthesized and cloned into pSlincer 3.1-H1 plasmids after annealing.The vectors were then enriched in E.coli.The recombinant pSlincer 3.1-H1 plasmids were identified by restriction endonuclease cutting and DNA sequencing and then transfected into Human Gastric Carcinoma Cell Line BGC-823.The expression of CaT1 mRNA was examined by RT-PCR.Results:The siRNA oligonucleotides of CaT1 were correctly cloned into the pSlincer 3.1-H1 plasmids and confirmed by restriction endonuclease cutting and DNA sequencing.RT-PCR analysis revealed that the expression of CaT1 mRNA in BGC-823 cells transfected with the pSlincer 3.1-H1 constructs of siRNA was significantly decreased compared with that of the negative control and untransfected group.Conclusion:siRNA expression plasmids for silencing Ca2+ transport protein gene are successfully constructed,and they effectively inhibit the CaT1 gene expression.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL