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1.
Blood Research ; : S44-S50, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897351

ABSTRACT

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are clonal hematopoietic stem cell malignancies.Chronic inflammation and a dysregulated immune system are central to the pathogenesis and progression of MPNs. Interferon alpha (IFNα) was first used for the treatment of MPNs approximately 40 years ago. It has significant antiviral effects and plays a role in anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and immunomodulatory responses. IFNα is an effective drug that can simultaneously induce significant rates of clinical, hematological, molecular, and histopathological responses, suggesting that the disease may be cured in some patients. However, its frequent dosage and toxicity profile are major barriers to its widespread use. Pegylated IFNα (peg-IFNα), and more recently, ropeginterferon alpha-2b (ropeg-IFNα-2b), are expected to overcome these drawbacks. The objective of this article is to discuss the clinical role of IFNα in Philadelphia-negative MPNs through a review of recent studies. In particular, it is expected that new IFNs, such as peg-IFNα and ropeg-IFNα-2b, with lower rates of discontinuation due to fewer adverse effects, will play important clinical roles.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895994

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#A better understanding of cancer cell biology has led to the discovery and development of several new targeted agents for cancer. These drugs are widely used in cancer treatment and have good toxicity profiles. However, some patients are extremely sensitive to these drugs and can develop severe toxicities. Among the toxicities, pulmonary complications are infrequent with most targeted therapies. This study aimed to identify the radiologic pulmonary complications in various targeted therapies and to analyze the characteristics of patients with pulmonary toxicity. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and chest image findings of 644 patients who were treated with targeted antineoplastic agents at Soonchunhyang University Hospital between May 2005 and September 2014. @*Results@#Of these 644 patients, 90 (14.0%) developed pulmonary complications as noted on chest computed tomography. Among these patients, 15 (2.3%) developed drug-related pulmonary toxicities. Treatment with targeted agents was discontinued in all patients, while 11 patients were simultaneously treated with glucocorticoids. Three patients died of drug-related pulmonary toxicity. @*Conclusions@#During targeted therapy, clinicians should assess for pulmonary toxicities and symptoms that occur with dyspnea. If drug-induced pulmonary toxicities are suspected, imaging studies should be performed immediately, and the possibility of variable radiological patterns should be considered. Discontinuing the use of implicated causative agents and treatment with glucocorticoids resulted in an improvement in both symptoms and imaging findings, but some patients still experienced fatal pulmonary toxicities.

3.
Blood Research ; : S44-S50, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889647

ABSTRACT

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are clonal hematopoietic stem cell malignancies.Chronic inflammation and a dysregulated immune system are central to the pathogenesis and progression of MPNs. Interferon alpha (IFNα) was first used for the treatment of MPNs approximately 40 years ago. It has significant antiviral effects and plays a role in anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and immunomodulatory responses. IFNα is an effective drug that can simultaneously induce significant rates of clinical, hematological, molecular, and histopathological responses, suggesting that the disease may be cured in some patients. However, its frequent dosage and toxicity profile are major barriers to its widespread use. Pegylated IFNα (peg-IFNα), and more recently, ropeginterferon alpha-2b (ropeg-IFNα-2b), are expected to overcome these drawbacks. The objective of this article is to discuss the clinical role of IFNα in Philadelphia-negative MPNs through a review of recent studies. In particular, it is expected that new IFNs, such as peg-IFNα and ropeg-IFNα-2b, with lower rates of discontinuation due to fewer adverse effects, will play important clinical roles.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919169

ABSTRACT

Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/veno-occlusive disease (SOS/VOD) is a rare but severe complication of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) showing high mortality. Multiple risk factors for SOS/VOD were identified, but it is often confused with other hepatic complications due to nonspecific clinical features. Therefore, diagnostic and severity criteria have been revised several times. The European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation suggested a new guideline that excludes the standard duration of development within 21 days, emphasizes late-onset SOS/VOD, and suggests the importance of Doppler ultrasonography. The severity criteria were further subdivided for guidance to begin active treatment using defibrotide which was approved in Korea since 2016. In a phase 3 trial, defibrotide had superior 100-day survival, compared to best available treatments (38.2% vs. 25.0%). Although several studies of SOS/VOD in Korean patients have been performed after the implementation of HCT, most involved small number of pediatric patients. Recently, the Korean Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation investigated the incidence of SOS/VOD in the Korean population, and several influential studies of adult patients were published. Here, we summarize recent issues regarding the mechanism, diagnosis, severity criteria, prevention, and treatments of SOS/VOD in Korean patients, as well as recent analyses of nationwide incidence.

5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918825

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Eosinophilia in patients on hemodialysis has already been reported. It has been associated with allergy to dialyzers and exaggerated activation of complement during hemodialysis. Its etiology, however, remains unknown. In addition, there are not enough studies on eosinophilia in patients on hemodialysis in Korea. Therefore, we performed this retrospective study to find out the prevalence and possible etiologic factors of blood eosinophilia in patients undergoing hemodialysis. @*Methods@#Between January 2013 to December 2015, the patients hospitalized for hemodialysis at Soonchunhyang University Hospital and National Health Insurance Service Medical Center (Ilsan Hospital) were included in this study. Eosinophilia was defined when absolute eosinophil count was greater than 500/μL, respectively. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients about parasite infection, other malignancies, and history of kidney transplantation. @*Results@#Of the 2,155 patients hospitalized for hemodialysis at two centers, 1,057 patients (49%) were found to have eosinophilia. We investigated 1,199 patients’ information (Soonchunhyang University Hospital) by the medical records. Two hundred two patients (16.8%) had no identifiable and/or possible causes. Only two patients complained of symptoms such as itching. Steroids were administered to control symptoms, and both patients had normal eosinophil levels, and steroids were discontinued. Other patients did not complain of specific symptoms associated with eosinophilia and did not take medication such as steroids. Eosinophilia was improved in 49% of patients without special treatments. @*Conclusion@#We found that the eosinophil counts in patients with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis were frequently elevated. However, in most cases, eosinophilia was not clinically relevant.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903698

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#A better understanding of cancer cell biology has led to the discovery and development of several new targeted agents for cancer. These drugs are widely used in cancer treatment and have good toxicity profiles. However, some patients are extremely sensitive to these drugs and can develop severe toxicities. Among the toxicities, pulmonary complications are infrequent with most targeted therapies. This study aimed to identify the radiologic pulmonary complications in various targeted therapies and to analyze the characteristics of patients with pulmonary toxicity. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and chest image findings of 644 patients who were treated with targeted antineoplastic agents at Soonchunhyang University Hospital between May 2005 and September 2014. @*Results@#Of these 644 patients, 90 (14.0%) developed pulmonary complications as noted on chest computed tomography. Among these patients, 15 (2.3%) developed drug-related pulmonary toxicities. Treatment with targeted agents was discontinued in all patients, while 11 patients were simultaneously treated with glucocorticoids. Three patients died of drug-related pulmonary toxicity. @*Conclusions@#During targeted therapy, clinicians should assess for pulmonary toxicities and symptoms that occur with dyspnea. If drug-induced pulmonary toxicities are suspected, imaging studies should be performed immediately, and the possibility of variable radiological patterns should be considered. Discontinuing the use of implicated causative agents and treatment with glucocorticoids resulted in an improvement in both symptoms and imaging findings, but some patients still experienced fatal pulmonary toxicities.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875436

ABSTRACT

In 2016, the World Health Organization revised the diagnostic criteria for myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) based on the discovery of disease-driving genetic aberrations and extensive analysis of the clinical characteristics of patients with MPNs. Recent studies have suggested that additional somatic mutations have a clinical impact on the prognosis of patients harboring these genetic abnormalities. Treatment strategies have also advanced with the introduction of JAK inhibitors, one of which has been approved for the treatment of patients with myelofibrosis and those with hydroxyurea-resistant or intolerant polycythemia vera. Recently developed drugs aim to elicit hematologic responses, as well as symptomatic and molecular responses, and the response criteria were refined accordingly. Based on these changes, we have revised the guidelines and present the diagnosis, treatment, and risk stratification of MPNs encountered in Korea.

8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920065

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#We investigated whether there are differences in auditory performance between the healthy ears of subjects with unilateral deafness (UD) and the control ears of subjects with normal hearing (NH) in both ears.Subjects and Method Sixteen subjects with acquired UD and 16 subjects with NH thresholds for both ears were enrolled. We compared the auditory performance of UD group and control group with NH in both ears. @*Results@#We found no meaningful differences in the three measures of psychoacoustic performance between the total healthy ears of subjects with UD and the ears of the control group. However, in the subgroup comparison, the left ears of subjects with right UD showed significantly poorer spectral-ripple discrimination (SRD) than the right ears of the subjects with left UD (p=0.006) and the ears of control subjects with NH (p=0.004). @*Conclusion@#Our findings indicate that after unilateral auditory deprivation, auditory processing is differentially affected by the side involved. In the subjects with acquired UD, the longterm hearing deprivation on the right side induced the down-regulation of central auditory process for SRD, but hearing deprivation on the left side did not affect SRD.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831793

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Immune reconstitution following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is affected by multiple variables during the transplantation. @*Methods@#We assessed the clinical factors contributing to immune function reconstitution at 100 days post-allogeneic HSCT in 114 patients receiving fludarabine-based conditioning. Immunophenotypic analysis using flow cytometry was performed to evaluate the percentage and the absolute numbers of T-cell subsets, natural killer cells, and B-cells as clinical outcomes. @*Results@#Tacrolimus-based graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, T-cell depletion, and acute GVHD were significantly associated with delayed immune reconstitution of T-cell subsets. The incidence of chronic GVHD was significantly increased in the normal recovery group compared to the abnormal group (p = 0.01). Epstein-Barr virus reactivation was more frequently observed in the abnormal group of T-cell subsets (p = 0.045). All viral reactivation events including cytomegalovirus reactivation appeared to be more frequent in the abnormal group of T-cell subsets. @*Conclusions@#The immune recovery status post-allogeneic HSCT was affected by GVHD prophylactic regimens, especially in cases receiving tacrolimus-based GVHD prophylaxis, T-cell depletion, and possibly those manifesting acute GVHD. Delayed immune reconstitution might increase the morbidity due to viral reactivation. Treatment strategies are needed to prevent infectious complications and enhance immune reconstitution based on the immune recovery status following allogeneic HSCT with fludarabine-based conditioning.

11.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831122

ABSTRACT

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are classified as chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and Philadelphia chromosome-negative MPN. In MPN cases, the presence of a BCR-ABL1 translocation with a coexisting mutation is exceptionally rare. Herein, we report the first documented patient with CML harboring CALR mutation in Korea. A 33-year-old woman was referred to our hospital in February 2015 with splenomegaly, leukocytosis, and thrombocytosis. She was diagnosed with CML and started receiving nilotinib. In October 2015, a major molecular response was observed, but thrombocytosis persisted. A repeat bone marrow (BM) examination revealed no specific findings. However, as thrombocytosis worsened, we changed nilotinib to dasatinib. In May 2019, owing to persistent thrombocytosis, we repeated the BM examination and found CALR mutation (15.97%) on the MPN–next generation sequencing (NGS) test. We then retrospectively performed repeat MPN-NGS testing using the BM aspirate sample obtained in 2015 and found CALR mutation (10.64%).

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prevent invasive fungal disease (IFD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, the use of posaconazole as a prophylactic antifungal agent has become standard in patients undergoing induction chemotherapy. However, there are few data comparing itraconazole and posaconazole as prophylactic antifungal agents in the real world.@*METHODS@#Patients at the Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, who were treated with itraconazole or posaconazole for preventing IFD during induction chemotherapy for AML from January 2009 to April 2018, were included in the study. The collected clinical data were reviewed, and IFD was diagnosed using the revised definition of IFD from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Invasive Fungal Infections Cooperative Group and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group.@*RESULTS@#A total of 53 patients were recruited to receive either posaconazole (n=29) or itraconazole (n=24). IFD occurred in seven patients (29.1%) who used posaconazole and in six patients (20.6%) who used itraconazole for antifungal prophylaxis (P=0.475). The 100-day mortality rate was 4 (13.8%) in the posaconazole group and 2 (8.3%) in the itraconazole group (P=0.535).@*CONCLUSION@#There was no significant difference in the incidence of IFD and 100-day mortality between the patients with induction chemotherapy for newly diagnosed AML who received posaconazole and itraconazole as prophylactic antifungal agents. These results suggest that it would be worthwhile to ascertain whether posaconazole is widely known as a better approach than itraconazole as prophylactic antifungal agents in the real-world.

13.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1302-1312, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763229

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a type of body cavity–based lymphoma (BCBL). Most patients with PEL are severely immunocompromised and seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We investigated the distinctive clinicopathologic characteristics of BCBL in a country with low HIV burden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on the clinicopathologic characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of 17 consecutive patients with BCBL at nine institutions in Korea. RESULTS: Latency-associated nuclear antigen 1 (LANA1) immunostaining indicated that six patients had PEL, six patients had human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8)-unrelated BCBL, and five patients had HHV8-unknown BCBL. The patients with PEL exhibited no evidence of immunodeficiency except for one who was HIV positive. One (20%) and four (80%) patients with PEL and six (100%) and zero (0%) patients with HHV8-unrelated BCBL were positive for CD20 and CD30 expression, respectively. The two patients with PEL (one HIV-positive and one HIV-negative patient) with the lowest proliferation activity as assessed by the Ki-67 labeling index survived for > 1 and > 4 years without chemotherapy, respectively, in contrast to the PEL cases in the literature, which mostly showed a high proliferation index and poor survival. CONCLUSION: PEL mostly occurred in ostensibly immunocompetent individuals and had a favorable outcome in Korea. A watchful waiting approach may be applicable for managing HIV-seronegative patients with PEL with a low Ki-67 labeling index. A possible trend was detected among LANA1, CD20, and CD30 expression in BCBL.


Subject(s)
Drug Therapy , Herpesvirus 8, Human , HIV , Humans , Korea , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Primary Effusion , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Watchful Waiting
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740315

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is important to understand the frequency region of cues used, and not used, by cochlear implant (CI) recipients. Speech and environmental sound recognition by individuals with CI and normal-hearing (NH) was measured. Gradients were also computed to evaluate the pattern of change in identification performance with respect to the low-pass filtering or high-pass filtering cutoff frequencies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Frequency-limiting effects were implemented in the acoustic waveforms by passing the signals through low-pass filters (LPFs) or high-pass filters (HPFs) with seven different cutoff frequencies. Identification of Korean vowels and consonants produced by a male and female speaker and environmental sounds was measured. Crossover frequencies were determined for each identification test, where the LPF and HPF conditions show the identical identification scores. RESULTS: CI and NH subjects showed changes in identification performance in a similar manner as a function of cutoff frequency for the LPF and HPF conditions, suggesting that the degraded spectral information in the acoustic signals may similarly constraint the identification performance for both subject groups. However, CI subjects were generally less efficient than NH subjects in using the limited spectral information for speech and environmental sound identification due to the inefficient coding of acoustic cues through the CI sound processors. CONCLUSIONS: This finding will provide vital information in Korean for understanding how different the frequency information is in receiving speech and environmental sounds by CI processor from normal hearing.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Clinical Coding , Cochlear Implants , Cues , Female , Hearing , Humans , Male
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713994

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Animal models show a strong relationship between lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis. However, the clinical significance of lymphangiogenesis in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) remains uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the association between c-Met and lymphangiogenic factors and to elucidate the prognostic significance of c-Met in patients with CRC. METHODS: A total of 379 tissue samples were obtained from surgically resected specimens from patients with CRC at Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital between January 2002 and December 2010. The expressions of c-Met, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C, VEGF-D, VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-3, and podoplanin were examined using immunohistochemistry. The expression of c-Met and clinical factors were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 379 tissues, 301 (79.4%) had c-Met expression. High expression of c-Met in tumor cells was significantly associated with high expression of VEGF-C (P < 0.001) and VEGFR-3 (P = 0.001). However, no statistically significant association with podoplanin (P = 0.587) or VEGF-D (P = 0.096) was found. Of the 103 evaluable patients, expression of c-Met in tumor cells was significantly associated with advanced clinical stage (P = 0.020), positive lymph node status (P = 0.038), and high expression of VEGF-C (P = 0.020). However, no statistically significant association with podoplanin (P = 0.518), VEGFR-3 (P = 0.085), VEGF-D (P = 0.203), or overall survival (P = 0.360) was found. CONCLUSION: Our results provide indirect evidence for an association and possible regulatory link of c-Met with the lymphangiogenic markers, but c-Met expression in patients with CRC is not a prognostic indicator for overall survival.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Lymphangiogenesis , Models, Animal , Neoplasm Metastasis , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3
16.
Blood Research ; : 227-232, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716608

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is among the most common malignancies associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Asian patients are known to have a lower incidence of VTE compared to Caucasian patients. However, few studies have investigated the incidence of VTE in Asian patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: This retrospective review of medical records was performed on 505 patients with histopathologically proven advanced stage pancreatic cancer, from January 2006 to December 2012, at Soonchunhyang University Hospitals. RESULTS: Ninety-four patients (18.6%) had at least one pulmonary embolism (PE), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), or splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT); 38 patients had isolated SVT; and 56 patients (11.1%) had at least one classic VTE (PE and/or DVT of lower extremities). Patients with more advanced stages of pancreatic cancer (distant metastatic stage, recurrence) or who had received chemotherapy had a higher incidence of classic VTE. Patients who were simultaneously diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and classic VTE had a poorer prognosis than patients with subsequent VTEs. There was a significant difference in overall survival (OS) between the presence and absence of a concurrent classic VTE diagnosis (median: OS, 2.1 mo vs. 10.7 mo; P < 0.001). Even when VTE included SVT, the result was similar (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In Korean patients with advanced pancreatic cancer, the incidence of VTEs is comparable to that of Caucasian patients. We also found that pancreatic cancer patients with concurrent VTEs had a poor prognosis compared to patients who developed VTEs later.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Hospitals, University , Humans , Incidence , Medical Records , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prognosis , Pulmonary Embolism , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis , Veins , Venous Thromboembolism , Venous Thrombosis
17.
Blood Research ; : 207-211, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38721

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) often have concurrent aplastic anemia (AA). This study aimed to determine whether eculizumab-treated patients show clinical benefit regardless of concurrent AA. METHODS: We analyzed 46 PNH patients ≥18 years of age who were diagnosed by flow cytometry and treated with eculizumab for more than 6 months in the prospective Korean PNH registry. Patients were categorized into two groups: PNH patients with concurrent AA (PNH/AA, N=27) and without AA (classic PNH, N=19). Biochemical indicators of intravascular hemolysis, hematological laboratory values, transfusion requirement, and PNH-associated complications were assessed at baseline and every 6 months after initiation of eculizumab treatment. RESULTS: The median patient age was 46 years and median duration of eculizumab treatment was 34 months. Treatment with eculizumab induced rapid inhibition of hemolysis. At 6-month follow-up, LDH decreased to near normal levels in all patients; this effect was maintained until the 36-month follow-up regardless of concurrent AA. Transfusion independence was achieved by 53.3% of patients within the first 6 months of treatment and by 90.9% after 36 months of treatment. The mean number of RBC units transfused was significantly reduced, from 8.5 units during the 6 months prior to initiation of eculizumab to 1.6 units in the first 6 months of treatment, for the total study population; this effect was similar in both PNH/AA and classic PNH. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that eculizumab is beneficial in the management of patients with PNH/AA, similar to classic PNH.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Cohort Studies , Flow Cytometry , Follow-Up Studies , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal , Hemolysis , Humans , Prospective Studies
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76292

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is controversy about the prophylactic effect of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) on graft versus host disease (GVHD) in the setting of matched related-donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This study assessed the inf luences of ATG on the incidences of acute and chronic GVHD and other clinical outcomes in matched related-donor HSCT. METHODS: Sixty-one patients received allogeneic HSCT from human leukocyte antigen-matched, related donors. Patients received busulfan/fludarabine conditioning regimens and standard GVHD prophylaxis with or without additional ATG. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the cumulative incidences of overall acute GVHD, grade II to IV acute GVHD at day 100, and chronic GVHD during the follow-up period between the ATG and non-ATG groups. Three-year overall survival rates were very similar, but three year disease-free survival of the non-ATG group was higher than that of the ATG group (56.2% for ATG vs. 63.1% for non-ATG, p = 0.597). Relapse rate at 3 years in the ATG group was slightly higher than that of the non-ATG group (37.5% vs. 20%, p = 0.29). Non-relapse mortality rate at 3 years was lower in the ATG group (6.25% vs. 15.6%, p = 0.668). CONCLUSIONS: Although the addition of ATG doesn't guarantee a reduction in the incidences of acute and chronic GVHD, pre-transplantation ATG may result in lower non-relapse mortality in the context of matched related-donor HSCT with a busulfan/fludarabine conditioning regimen. However, caution is needed when using ATG because of a possibility to increase relapse rate.


Subject(s)
Antilymphocyte Serum , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Incidence , Leukocytes , Mortality , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Tissue Donors
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132154

ABSTRACT

Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis is a fatal manifestation of metastatic breast cancer. Investigation of intrathecal (IT) trastuzumab for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis is currently underway; however, there has been no consensus. We report on two cases of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive (HER2+) breast cancer following IT trastuzumab for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. The first patient was treated with weekly IT 15 mg methotrexate plus IT 50 mg trastuzumab for 7 months, followed by IT trastuzumab (50 mg > 25 mg) for 18 months. The other patient received IT trastuzumab with systemic chemotherapy (trastuzumab and/or paclitaxel) for 13 months. Good control of leptomeningeal disease was achieved with IT trastuzumab in both patients, with survival durations of 20 and 29 months, respectively. We suggest that IT trastuzumab is a promising treatment for patients with HER2+ breast cancer and leptomeningeal carcinomatosis.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Consensus , Drug Therapy , Humans , Injections, Spinal , Meningeal Carcinomatosis , Methotrexate , ErbB Receptors
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132151

ABSTRACT

Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis is a fatal manifestation of metastatic breast cancer. Investigation of intrathecal (IT) trastuzumab for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis is currently underway; however, there has been no consensus. We report on two cases of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive (HER2+) breast cancer following IT trastuzumab for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. The first patient was treated with weekly IT 15 mg methotrexate plus IT 50 mg trastuzumab for 7 months, followed by IT trastuzumab (50 mg > 25 mg) for 18 months. The other patient received IT trastuzumab with systemic chemotherapy (trastuzumab and/or paclitaxel) for 13 months. Good control of leptomeningeal disease was achieved with IT trastuzumab in both patients, with survival durations of 20 and 29 months, respectively. We suggest that IT trastuzumab is a promising treatment for patients with HER2+ breast cancer and leptomeningeal carcinomatosis.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Consensus , Drug Therapy , Humans , Injections, Spinal , Meningeal Carcinomatosis , Methotrexate , ErbB Receptors
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