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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 237-244, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999455

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Sepsis is one of the most common causes of death after surgery. Several conventional scoring systems have been developed to predict the outcome of sepsis; however, their predictive power is insufficient. The present study applies explainable machine-learning algorithms to improve the accuracy of predicting postoperative mortality in patients with sepsis caused by peritonitis. @*Methods@#We performed a retrospective analysis of data from demographic, clinical, and laboratory analyses, including the delta neutrophil index (DNI), WBC and neutrophil counts, and CRP level. Laboratory data were measured before surgery, 12–36 hours after surgery, and 60–84 hours after surgery. The primary study output was the probability of mortality.The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of several machine-learning algorithms using the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) 3 models were compared.‘SHapley Additive exPlanations’ values were used to indicate the direction of the relationship between a variable and mortality. @*Results@#The CatBoost model yielded the highest AUC (0.933) for mortality compared to SAPS3 and SOFA (0.860 and 0.867, respectively). Increased DNI on day 3, septic shock, use of norepinephrine therapy, and increased international normalized ratio on day 3 had the greatest impact on the model’s prediction of mortality. @*Conclusion@#Machine-learning algorithms increase the accuracy of predicting postoperative mortality in patients with sepsis caused by peritonitis.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e197-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001133

ABSTRACT

Human Q fever, a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii, presents with diverse clinical manifestations ranging from mild self-limited febrile illnesses to life-threatening complications such as endocarditis or vascular infection. Although acute Q fever is a benign illness with a low mortality rate, a large-scale outbreak of Q fever in the Netherlands led to concerns about the possibility of blood transfusion-related transmission or obstetric complications in pregnant women. Furthermore, a small minority (< 5%) of patients with asymptomatic or symptomatic infection progress to chronic Q fever. Chronic Q fever is fatal in 5–50% of patients if left untreated. In South Korea, Q fever in humans was designated as a notifiable infectious disease in 2006, and the number of Q fever cases has increased sharply since 2015. Nonetheless, it is still considered a neglected and under-recognized infectious disease. In this review, recent trends of human and animal Q fever in South Korea, and public health concerns regarding Q fever outbreaks are reviewed, and we consider how a One Health approach could be applied as a preventive measure to prepare for zoonotic Q fever outbreaks.

3.
Journal of Korean Physical Therapy ; (6): 298-303, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967528

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to figure out how PAP (Post-Activation Potentiation) phenomenon affects short-term performance efficiently. @*Methods@#This study was conducted with 18 Taekwondo athletes and 16 healthy adults. By using isokinetic dynamometer, two different intervention, TDP (Top-down program) and BUP (Bottom-up program), were performed to measure isokinetic parameter; (peak torque:PT, total work: TW, average power: AP, and average torque: AT) of knee extensor for intragroup, intergroup comparison and two-way ANOVA. @*Results@#The Taekwondo athletes group showed statistically significant differences in all isokinetic parameters PT, TW, AP, and AT after TDP (p 0.05). PT and TW at TDP were statistically significant (p < 0.05) when the rate of change in TDP and BUP was compared and analyzed considering the difference in physical ability between the Taekwondo athlete group and the healthy adult group. However, AP and AT were not statistically significant. Finally, when examining the interaction between the two groups and two exercise sequence according to isokinetic parameters, only TW (p < 0.05) showed a statistically significant interaction, while PT (P = 0.099), AP (P = 0.103), and AT (P = 0.096) did not. This study suggests that short-term performance can be improved through the PAP phenomenon when TDP is applied to the Taekwondo group. @*Conclusion@#According to our result, for Taekwondo athletes, if the goal is to improve short-term performance just before the main game, we suggest a training program through TDP.

4.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e57-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833689

ABSTRACT

Background@#Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (SDSE) acts as an etiological agent for lameness, neurological signs, and high mortality in pigs. Despite its importance in pig industries and zoonotic potential, little is known about the effects of this pathogen. @*Objectives@#This study aimed to determine the molecular characteristics and antimicrobial resistance of SDSE strains isolated from diseased pigs. @*Methods@#A total 11 SDSE isolates were obtained from diseased pigs. Bacterial identification, PCR for virulence genes, emm typing, and antimicrobial resistance genes, multilocus sequence typing, and antimicrobial susceptibility test were performed. @*Results@#Nine isolates were from piglets, and 8 showed lameness, sudden death, or neurological signs. The isolates were PCR-positive for sla (100%), sagA (100%), and scpA (45.5%), and only 1 isolate amplified the emm gene (stL2764). Eight different sequence types were detected, categorized into 2 clonal complexes and 4 singletons. All the isolates in this study were included in a small cluster, which also contained other strains derived from humans and horses. The minimum inhibitory concentrations for the tested beta-lactams were low, while those for macrolides, tetracyclines, and fluoroquinolones were relatively high. PCR analysis of the macrolide and tetracycline resistance genes demonstrated that the isolates carried erm(B) (18.2%, n = 2), mef(A/E) (9.1%, n = 1), tet(M) (18.2%, n = 2), and tet(O) (90.2%, n = 10). Two isolates presented a mutation in parC, which is associated with fluoroquinolone resistance. @*Conclusion@#This study provided insight into swine-derived SDSE, as it is related to veterinary medicine, and elucidated its zoonotic potential, in the context of molecular epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance in public health.

5.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 213-220, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830552

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Meckel diverticulum (MD), caused by an obliteration defect of the omphalomesenteric duct, is one of the most common congenital anomalies of small intestines. The objective of this study was to review surgical outcomes of MD and evaluate the feasibility of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in MD. @*Methods@#We performed a retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients who underwent diverticulectomy for MD at 6 Hallym University-affiliated hospitals between January 2008 and December 2017. All patients underwent either open surgery or MIS. Patients who underwent MIS were subdivided into laparoscopic only diverticulectomy (LOD) or laparoscopic-assisted diverticulectomy (LAD). @*Results@#Of 64 patients, 21 underwent open surgery and 43 underwent MIS. Time to flatus, time to soft food intake, and length of hospital stay were shorter in the MIS group than in the open surgery group (P = 0.047, P = 0.005, and P = 0.015, respectively). Among patients who underwent MIS, the time to flatus and time to soft food intake were longer in the LAD group than in the LOD group (0.3 and 0.9 days, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that old age and preoperative ileus were independent predictors of complications (P = 0.030 and P = 0.013, respectively). Operation type (open surgery, LOD, or LAD) was not associated with complications. @*Conclusion@#The present study showed that MIS is associated with quicker recovery without increasing complications.Therefore, MIS may be a safe alternative to open surgery for MD. An old age and preoperative ileus were associated with a risk of postoperative complications.

6.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 103-111, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762685

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Surgeons may be uncertain about the optimal timing of appendectomy to decrease complications, especially for complicated appendicitis. The aim of the study was to compare clinical outcomes between early and late surgery for complicated appendicitis. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of complicated appendicitis was queried. Elective interval surgery (EIS) group and early surgery (ES) were matched with propensity score and marked with a prefix ‘p.’ Patient characteristics and surgical outcomes were compared. RESULTS: The propensity score-matched EIS group had a lower chance to underwent ileo-cecectomy or right hemicolectomy (1.5% vs. 6.9%, P = 0.031), a tendency of lower rate of postoperative complication (6.9% vs. 13.7%, P = 0.067), a lower rate of wound infection (1.5% vs. 8.4%, P = 0.010), and shorter postoperative hospital stay (3.72 days vs. 5.82 days, P < 0.001) than the propensity score-matched ES group. Multivariate analysis showed that delayed surgery for more than 48 hours or urgent surgery due to failure of EIS and open conversion were independent risk factors for postoperative complications (P = 0.001 and P = 0.025, respectively). In subgroup analysis, high American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification and distant abscess or generalized ascites in initial CT increased the risk of failure of EIS. CONCLUSION: EIS can be a useful option for selected adult patients with complicated appendicitis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Abscess , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Ascites , Classification , Length of Stay , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Complications , Propensity Score , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgeons , Wound Infection
7.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 537-544, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762441

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Several factors contribute to differences in Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype distribution. We investigated the serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of S. pneumoniae isolated between 2014 and 2016 in Korea. METHODS: We collected a total of 1,855 S. pneumoniae isolates from 44 hospitals between May 2014 and May 2016, and analyzed the serotypes by sequential multiplex PCR. We investigated the distribution of each serotype by patient age, source of the clinical specimen, and antimicrobial resistance pattern. RESULTS: The most common serotypes were 11A (10.1%), followed by 19A (8.8%), 3 (8.5%), 34 (8.1%), 23A (7.3%), and 35B (6.2%). The major invasive serotypes were 3 (12.6%), 19A (7.8%), 34 (7.8%), 10A (6.8%), and 11A (6.8%). Serotypes 10A, 15B, 19A, and 12F were more common in patients ≤5 years old, while serotype 3 was more common in patients ≥65 years old compared with the other age groups. The coverage rates of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)7, PCV10, PCV13, and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine 23 were 11.8%, 12.12%, 33.3%, and 53.6%, respectively. Of the 1,855 isolates, 857 (46.2%) were multi-drug resistant (MDR), with serotypes 11A and 19A predominant among the MDR strains. The resistance rates against penicillin, cefotaxime, and levofloxacin were 22.8%, 12.5%, and 9.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There were significant changes in the major S. pneumoniae serotypes in the community. Non-PCV13 serotypes increased in patients ≤5 years old following the introduction of national immunization programs with the 10- and 13-polyvalent vaccines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cefotaxime , Immunization Programs , Korea , Levofloxacin , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Penicillins , Pneumococcal Vaccines , Pneumonia , Serogroup , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Streptococcus , Vaccines
8.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 313-317, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758787

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (SDSE) is an emerging pathogen in animals and humans. Herein, we describe two clinical swine cases of SDSE infection presenting with lameness, neurological signs, or sudden death. Pathological examination indicated suppurative arthritis, encephalitis, and multifocal abscesses in kidney and heart. The β-hemolytic colonies obtained from joint samples of each case were identified as SDSE. The two isolates had low minimum inhibitory concentrations for β-lactams, and they presented the same virulence gene profile (slo⁻/sagA⁺/pSTKP8⁺). Molecular analysis by multilocus sequence typing identified the SDSE isolates from cases 1 and 2 as sequence types 315 and 252, respectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Abscess , Arthritis, Infectious , Death, Sudden , Encephalitis , Heart , Joints , Kidney , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Streptococcus , Swine , Virulence
9.
Korean Journal of Pediatrics ; : 315-321, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717620

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of transient intubation for surfactant administration and extubated to nasal continuous positive pressure (INSURE) for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and to identify the factors associated with INSURE failure in extremely premature infants. METHODS: Eighty-four infants with gestational age less than 28 weeks treated with surfactant administration for RDS for 8 years were included. Perinatal and neonatal characteristics were retrospectively reviewed, and major pulmonary outcomes such as duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) plus death at 36-week postmenstrual age (PMA) were compared between INSURE (n=48) and prolonged MV groups (n=36). The factors associated with INSURE failure were determined. RESULTS: Duration of MV and the occurrence of BPD at 36-week PMA were significantly lower in INSURE group than in prolonged MV group (P < 0.05), but BPD plus death at 36-week PMA was not significantly different between the 2 groups. In a multivariate analysis, a reduced duration of MV was only significantly associated with INSURE (P=0.001). During the study period, duration of MV significantly decreased over time with an increasing rate of INSURE application (P < 0.05), and BPD plus death at 36-week PMA also tended to decrease over time. A low arterial-alveolar oxygen tension ratio (a/APO2 ratio) was a significant predictor for INSURE failure (P=0.001). CONCLUSION: INSURE was the noninvasive ventilation strategy in the treatment of RDS to reduce MV duration in extremely premature infants with gestational age less than 28 weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Intubation , Intubation, Intratracheal , Multivariate Analysis , Noninvasive Ventilation , Oxygen , Pulmonary Surfactants , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies
10.
Korean Journal of Pediatrics ; : 245-252, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716324

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study investigated patterns of ischemic injury observed in brain images from patients with neonatal group B Streptococcal (GBS) meningitis. METHODS: Clinical findings and brain images from eight term or near-term newborn infants with GBS meningitis were reviewed. RESULTS: GBS meningitis was confirmed in all 8 infants via cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, and patients tested positive for GBS in both blood and CSF cultures. Six infants (75.0%) showed early onset manifestation of the disease (<7 days); the remaining 2 (25.0%) showed late onset manifestation. In 6 infants (75%), cranial ultrasonography showed focal or diffuse echogenicity, suggesting hypoxic-ischemic injury in the basal ganglia, cerebral hemispheres, and periventricular or subcortical white matter; these findings are compatible with meningitis. Findings from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were compatible with bacterial meningitis, showing prominent leptomeningeal enhancement, a widening echogenic interhemisphere, and ventricular wall thickening in all infants. Restrictive ischemic lesions observed through diffusion-weighted imaging were evident in all eight infants. Patterns of ischemic injury as detected through MRI were subdivided into 3 groups: 3 infants (37.5%) predominantly showed multiple punctuate lesions in the basal ganglia, 2 infants (25.0%) showed focal or diffuse cerebral infarcts, and 3 infants (37.5%) predominantly showed focal subcortical or periventricular white matter lesions. Four infants (50%) showed significant developmental delay or cerebral palsy. CONCLUSION: Certain patterns of ischemic injury are commonly recognized in brain images from patients with neonatal GBS meningitis, and this ischemic complication may modify disease processes and contribute to poor neurologic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Basal Ganglia , Brain Ischemia , Brain , Cerebral Palsy , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Cerebrum , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meningitis , Meningitis, Bacterial , Streptococcus agalactiae , Ultrasonography , White Matter
11.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 75-81, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714794

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic adhesiolysis is increasingly used to treat patients with small bowel obstruction (SBO), however, its safety of laparoscopic surgery(LS) with bowel resection in SBO is unclear. The purpose of the present study was to compare the perioperative outcomes of LS with those of open surgery (OS) for SBO and to evaluate the risk factors of 30-day postoperative morbidity and recurrence. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who had been diagnosed with SBO and underwent surgery at four Hallym-University-affiliated hospitals between January 2013 and December 2016. The rates of 30-day postoperative complications and recurrence were compared between groups using univariate and multivariate analysis. Propensity score matching was performed to compare the outcome. RESULTS: A total of 117 patients with SBO were included in the present study, of which 86 underwent OS and 31 underwent LS. Time to water intake, time to soft diet, and postoperative hospital stay were significantly shorter in the LS group (p=0.002, 0.003, and 0.027, respectively). The complication (p=0.249) and recurrence rate (p=0.679) were similar between the two group. Propensity score matching analysis demonstrated that laparoscopic surgery showed quicker recovery and similar complication and recurrence rate. In multivariate analysis, LS was not associated with either complications (p=0.806) or recurrence (p=0.956). CONCLUSION: LS is associated with several perioperative advantages for the treatment of SBO without affecting the risk of 30-day postoperative complications or recurrence. Therefore LS can be a safe and feasible option for treating SBO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diet , Drinking , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Complications , Propensity Score , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
12.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 143-146, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111256

ABSTRACT

Porcine ear necrosis syndrome is characterized by erosive and ulcerative lesions at the margin or tip of the pinna. Three growing pigs of different ages exhibited retarded growth accompanied by reddening and necrosis of ear prior to death. Gross examination showed reddening, swelling, black discoloration, scaling, and variable-sized yellowish materials and edema in ear cross section. Microscopically, thrombosis, abscess, ulceration, epidermal hyperplasia, and dermal pyogranulomatous inflammation with an intralesional bacterial colony were observed. Staphylococcus hyicus was isolated in all pigs' ears and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus was detected by PCR and immunohistochemistry.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Coinfection , Ear , Edema , Hyperplasia , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Necrosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome , Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus , Staphylococcus hyicus , Swine , Thrombosis , Ulcer
13.
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 241-248, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25387

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Few reports have documented the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of adult patients with Elizabethkingia meningoseptica infection. METHODS: Medical records of patients over 18 years of age and suspected of having an E. meningoseptica infection from March 1, 2006 to February 28, 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Their clinical characteristics, antimicrobial susceptibility results, and treatment outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: E. meningoseptica was isolated from 30 patients. Median age was 68.5 years, and infections were more frequent in males (17, 56.7%). The most common isolation source was sputum (23, 76.7%), and pneumonia was the most common condition (21, 70%) after excluding two cases of colonization. This bacterium was most susceptible to minocycline (27, 90%) and fluoroquinolones, including levofloxacin (20, 66.7%) and ciprofloxacin (18, 60%). The mortality rate due directly to E. meningoseptica infection was 20% (6/30), and uncontrolled pneumonia was the only cause of death. After isolating E. meningoseptica, the numbers of patients with pneumonia (9/9, 100% vs. 12/21, 57.1%), history of hemodialysis (5/9, 55.6% vs. 3/21, 14.3%), tracheostomy (8/9, 88.9 vs. 10/21, 47.6%), and median Charlson comorbidity index score (6 [range, 3-9] vs. 4 [range, 0-9]) were significantly higher in non-survivors than those in survivors (p < 0.05, for each). However, only 12 (40%) patients received appropriate antibiotics. CONCLUSIONS: E. meningoseptica infection most commonly presented as pneumonia in adults with severe underlying diseases. Despite the high mortality rate, the rate of appropriate antibiotic use was notably low.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Cause of Death , Chryseobacterium , Ciprofloxacin , Colon , Comorbidity , Cross Infection , Fluoroquinolones , Levofloxacin , Medical Records , Minocycline , Mortality , Pneumonia , Renal Dialysis , Retrospective Studies , Sputum , Survivors , Tertiary Care Centers , Tracheostomy
14.
Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons ; : 240-245, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to evaluate patterns of failure time after insertion, failure rate according to loading time after insertion, and the patterns of failure after loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 331 mini-implants were classified into the non-failure group (NFG) and failure group (FG), which was divided into failed group before loading (FGB) and failed group after loading (FGA). Orthodontic force was applied to both the NFG and FGA. Failed mini-implants after insertion, ratio of FGA to NFG according to loading time after insertion, and failed mini-implants according to failed time after loading were analyzed. RESULTS: Percentages of failed mini-implants after insertion were 15.79%, 36.84%, 12.28%, and 10.53% at 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks, respectively. Mini-implant failure demonstrated a peak from 4 to 5 weeks after insertion. The failure rates according to loading time after insertion were 13.56%, 8.97%, 11.32%, and 5.00% at 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks, respectively. Percentages of failed mini-implants after loading were 13.79%, 24.14%, 20.69%, and 6.9% at 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks, respectively. CONCLUSION: Mini-implant stability is typically acquired 12 to 16 weeks after insertion, and immediate loading can cause failure of the mini-implant. Failure after loading was observed during the first 12 weeks.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures
15.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 9-12, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121228

ABSTRACT

Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae is a causative agent of swine dysentery that is responsible for death and economic losses in the pig industry. It is imperative that clinical samples be delivered fresh for accurate diagnosis. The viability and DNA detection of B. hyodysenteriae using lab-made (phosphate buffered saline and modified tryptic soy broth) or commercial transport media (C, D, and E) were compared by culturing and real-time PCR at 4degrees C or room temperature (RT), respectively. B. hyodysenteriae grown in D (Anaerobe Systems, USA) and E (Starplex Scientific, Canada) media was viable for 4 days at 4degrees C and RT. However, B. hyodysenteriae in A, B, and C (culture swab; BD Biosciences, USA) media were not recovered after 2 days at RT. Ct values for real-time PCR at 4degrees C and RT ranged from 27.2 +/- 2.1 (C) to 29.6 +/- 0.5 (B), and 28.0 +/- 0.9 (E) to 30.2 +/- 1.5 (B), respectively. Considering the field conditions, it is important that transport media is used for specimen isolation and PCR to obtain an accurate diagnosis of swine dysentery.


Subject(s)
Brachyspira , Brachyspira hyodysenteriae , Diagnosis , DNA , Dysentery , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Swine
16.
The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 241-248, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770911

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Few reports have documented the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of adult patients with Elizabethkingia meningoseptica infection. METHODS: Medical records of patients over 18 years of age and suspected of having an E. meningoseptica infection from March 1, 2006 to February 28, 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Their clinical characteristics, antimicrobial susceptibility results, and treatment outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: E. meningoseptica was isolated from 30 patients. Median age was 68.5 years, and infections were more frequent in males (17, 56.7%). The most common isolation source was sputum (23, 76.7%), and pneumonia was the most common condition (21, 70%) after excluding two cases of colonization. This bacterium was most susceptible to minocycline (27, 90%) and fluoroquinolones, including levofloxacin (20, 66.7%) and ciprofloxacin (18, 60%). The mortality rate due directly to E. meningoseptica infection was 20% (6/30), and uncontrolled pneumonia was the only cause of death. After isolating E. meningoseptica, the numbers of patients with pneumonia (9/9, 100% vs. 12/21, 57.1%), history of hemodialysis (5/9, 55.6% vs. 3/21, 14.3%), tracheostomy (8/9, 88.9 vs. 10/21, 47.6%), and median Charlson comorbidity index score (6 [range, 3-9] vs. 4 [range, 0-9]) were significantly higher in non-survivors than those in survivors (p < 0.05, for each). However, only 12 (40%) patients received appropriate antibiotics. CONCLUSIONS: E. meningoseptica infection most commonly presented as pneumonia in adults with severe underlying diseases. Despite the high mortality rate, the rate of appropriate antibiotic use was notably low.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Cause of Death , Chryseobacterium , Ciprofloxacin , Colon , Comorbidity , Cross Infection , Fluoroquinolones , Levofloxacin , Medical Records , Minocycline , Mortality , Pneumonia , Renal Dialysis , Retrospective Studies , Sputum , Survivors , Tertiary Care Centers , Tracheostomy
17.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 132-138, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146555

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazole-4-propinoic acid (AMPA) receptors bound to postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) and alpha isoform of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (alphaCaMKII) is fundamentally involved in the regulation of working memory. The aim of present study was to investigate the alterations of NMDA and AMPA receptors responsible for hippocampal synaptic dysfunction and selective neuronal cell death after chronic renal failure (CRF) which may be associated with impairment of working memory. METHODS: Altered interactions between NMDA and AMPA receptors and PSD-95 and alphaCaMKII were analyzed in the cornu ammonis (CA) 1 and CA3/dentate gyrus (DG) subfields of the uremic rat hippocampi using the immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation methods. RESULTS: Uremia induced by CRF produced necrotic cell death and decreased neuronal nucleoli protein levels in the hippocampal CA1 subfield, but not in the CA3/DG subfields. The CA1 subfields of CRF rats exhibited significant decreases and increases, respectively, in the expressions of PSD-95/NR2B and alphaCaMKII/NR2A synaptic complex. Moreover, increased phosphorylation of glutamate receptor type 1 (GluR1) AMPA receptor at ser831 was observed in the CA1 subfield after CRF. CONCLUSION: These hippocampal CA1 neuronal vulnerability may be responsible for memory dysfunction after CRF as mediated by an increase in NR2A-containing NMDA receptors bound to alphaCaMKII and subsequent activation of GluR1-containing AMPA receptors caused by the phosphorylation of GluR1 at ser831.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Death , Hippocampus , Immunoblotting , Immunoprecipitation , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Memory , Memory, Short-Term , N-Methylaspartate , Neurons , Phosphorylation , Protein Kinases , Receptors, AMPA , Receptors, Glutamate , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Up-Regulation , Uremia
18.
Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons ; : 269-273, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173717

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study is designed to evaluate the mechanical stability of orthodontic mini-implants with vertical grooves in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done from March 2011 to February 2012 in Dental Research Institute of Seoul National University. Thirty-two mini-implants in the control group and 32 in the rotation bump (RB) group were inserted in the tibias of 16 rabbits and were removed after two weeks and four weeks, respectively. The maximum insertion torque (MIT), maximum removal torque (MRT), torque ratio (TR) of MRT to MIT and removal angular momentum (RAM) were all measured at the time of removal. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in MIT and MRT at two weeks or four weeks. However, TR and RAM at four weeks in the RB group were significantly higher than in the control group (P<0.05). TR of the RB group was significantly increased at four weeks (P<0.05). In both groups, RAM at four weeks was significantly higher than at two weeks (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that RB of the mini-implant could provide resistance to the removal rotation, although it did not increase the MRT.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Dental Research , Seoul , Tibia , Torque
19.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 399-406, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13497

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated the analytical performance and clinical potential of a one-step multiplex real-time PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of 14 types of respiratory viruses using the AdvanSure RV real-time PCR Kit (LG Life Sciences, Korea). METHODS: Three hundred and twenty clinical specimens were tested with the AdvanSure RV real-time PCR Kit and conventional multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-PCR assay. The assay results were analyzed and the one-step AdvanSure RV real-time PCR Kit was compared with the conventional multiplex RT-PCR assay with respect to the sensitivity and specificity of the detection of respiratory viruses. RESULTS: The limit of detection (LOD) was 1.31 plaque-forming units (PFU)/mL for human rhinoviruses (hRVs), 4.93 PFU/mL for human coronavirus HCoV-229E/NL63, 2.67 PFU/mL for human coronavirus HCoV-OC43, 18.20 PFU/mL for parainfluenza virus 1 (PIV)-1, 24.57 PFU/mL for PIV-2, 1.73 PFU/mL for PIV-3, 1.79 PFU/mL for influenza virus group (Flu) A, 59.51 PFU/mL for FluB, 5.46 PFU/mL for human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV)-A, 17.23 PFU/mL for hRSV-B, 9.99 PFU/mL for human adenovirus (ADVs). The cross-reactivity test for this assay against 23 types of non-respiratory viruses showed negative results for all viruses tested. The agreement between the one-step AdvanSure multiplex real-time PCR assay and the conventional multiplex RT-PCR assay was 98%. CONCLUSIONS: The one-step AdvanSure RV multiplex real-time PCR assay is a simple assay with high potential for specific, rapid and sensitive laboratory diagnosis of respiratory viruses compared to conventional multiplex RT-PCR.

20.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 25-31, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145340

ABSTRACT

Brucella (B.) canis is mainly transmitted by direct or indirect contact with aborted fetuses and placenta. It's also known to be able to infect human, which likely results in providing veterinarians and companion animal owners for infectious risk. To develop diagnostic ELISA, we cloned and expressed rp1L gene of B. canis, which encodes the ribosomal protein L7/L12. Using this purified recombinant protein, indirect-ELISA (iELISA) was evaluated using 78 positive and 44 negative sera. The sensitivity and the specificity of iELISA were 94% and 89%, respectively. The results indicated that indirect-ELISA using recombinant ribosomal protein L7/L12 may be useful for diagnosis of canine brucellosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aborted Fetus , Brucella , Brucella canis , Brucellosis , Clone Cells , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Pets , Placenta , Ribosomal Proteins , Sensitivity and Specificity , Veterinarians
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