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1.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 31-36, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925113

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) affect over half of the adults’ population worldwide, with an increasing prevalence among the older age groups. Therefore, with the increasing elderly population, LUTS is an important disease, highlighting the need for accurate data on its prevalence. This present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of LUTS in South Korea. @*Methods@#The study targeted individuals aged at least 19 years nationwide. We conducted computer-assisted telephone interviews, 80% mobile random digital dialing (RDD) sampling frame, and 20% landline RDD sampling frame between April and May 2020. Questionnaires included The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), the overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS), and the characteristics of respondents. Current International Continence Society definitions were used for individual LUTS and OAB. @*Results@#There were 2,000 respondents, 1,009 (50.4%) were women and 546 (27.3%) were aged ≥60 years. Based on our IPSS questionnaire survey results, 77.9% of the respondents had LUTS; 63.7% had mild symptoms (1–7), 11.7% had moderate symptoms (8–19), and 2.4% had severe symptoms (20–35). The prevalence and severity of LUTS increased with age with 22.1% of respondents aged 60 years and above complaining of moderate or severe LUTS. According to the survey through OABSS, the prevalence of OAB was 9.6%, males were 10.3% and females were 9.0%. @*Conclusions@#Based on our survey results, 77.9% of the Korean adult population (over the age of 19) experienced at least one LUTS, and the severity increased with age. The prevalence and severity of OAB increased with age, especially after 40 years; the prevalence of OAB was 9.6%, and 13.4% of them were over 60 years old.

2.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 675-683, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898119

ABSTRACT

BackgroundOnly few studies have shown the efficacy and safety of glucose-control strategies using the quadruple drug combination. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of the quadruple combination therapy with oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).MethodsFrom March 2014 to December 2018, data of patients with T2DM, who were treated with quadruple hypoglycemic medications for over 12 months in 11 hospitals in South Korea, were reviewed retrospectively. We compared glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels before and 12 months after quadruple treatment with OHAs. The safety, maintenance rate, and therapeutic patterns after failure of the quadruple therapy were also evaluated.ResultsIn total, 357 patients were enrolled for quadruple OHA therapy, and the baseline HbA1c level was 9.0%±1.3% (74.9±14.1 mmol/mol). After 12 months, 270 patients (75.6%) adhered to the quadruple therapy and HbA1c was significantly reduced from 8.9%±1.2% to 7.8%±1.3% (mean change, −1.1%±1.2%; PPConclusionThis study shows the therapeutic efficacy of the quadruple OHA regimen T2DM and demonstrates that it can be an option for the management of T2DM patients who cannot use insulin or reject injectable therapy.

3.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 675-683, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890415

ABSTRACT

BackgroundOnly few studies have shown the efficacy and safety of glucose-control strategies using the quadruple drug combination. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of the quadruple combination therapy with oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).MethodsFrom March 2014 to December 2018, data of patients with T2DM, who were treated with quadruple hypoglycemic medications for over 12 months in 11 hospitals in South Korea, were reviewed retrospectively. We compared glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels before and 12 months after quadruple treatment with OHAs. The safety, maintenance rate, and therapeutic patterns after failure of the quadruple therapy were also evaluated.ResultsIn total, 357 patients were enrolled for quadruple OHA therapy, and the baseline HbA1c level was 9.0%±1.3% (74.9±14.1 mmol/mol). After 12 months, 270 patients (75.6%) adhered to the quadruple therapy and HbA1c was significantly reduced from 8.9%±1.2% to 7.8%±1.3% (mean change, −1.1%±1.2%; PPConclusionThis study shows the therapeutic efficacy of the quadruple OHA regimen T2DM and demonstrates that it can be an option for the management of T2DM patients who cannot use insulin or reject injectable therapy.

4.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : e46-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832341

ABSTRACT

Background@#Only few studies have shown the efficacy and safety of glucose-control strategies using the quadruple drug combination. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of the quadruple combination therapy with oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). @*Methods@#From March 2014 to December 2018, data of patients with T2DM, who were treated with quadruple hypoglycemic medications for over 12 months in 11 hospitals in South Korea, were reviewed retrospectively. We compared glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels before and 12 months after quadruple treatment with OHAs. The safety, maintenance rate, and therapeutic patterns after failure of the quadruple therapy were also evaluated. @*Results@#In total, 357 patients were enrolled for quadruple OHA therapy, and the baseline HbA1c level was 9.0%±1.3% (74.9± 14.1 mmol/mol). After 12 months, 270 patients (75.6%) adhered to the quadruple therapy and HbA1c was significantly reduced from 8.9%±1.2% to 7.8%±1.3% (mean change, –1.1%±1.2%; P<0.001). The number of patients with HbA1c <7% increased significantly from 5 to 68 (P<0.005). In addition, lipid profiles and liver enzyme levels were also improved whereas no changes in body weight. There was no significant safety issue in patients treated with quadruple OHA therapy. @*Conclusion@#This study shows the therapeutic efficacy of the quadruple OHA regimen T2DM and demonstrates that it can be an option for the management of T2DM patients who cannot use insulin or reject injectable therapy.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e415-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831563

ABSTRACT

Background@#The transmission mode of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is primarily known as droplet transmission. However, a recent argument has emerged about the possibility of airborne transmission. On June 17, there was a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Korea associated with long distance droplet transmission. @*Methods@#The epidemiological investigation was implemented based on personal interviews and data collection on closed-circuit television images, and cell phone location data.The epidemic investigation support system developed by the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency was used for contact tracing. At the restaurant considered the site of exposure, air flow direction and velocity, distances between cases, and movement of visitors were investigated. @*Results@#A total of 3 cases were identified in this outbreak, and maximum air flow velocity of 1.2 m/s was measured between the infector and infectee in a restaurant equipped with ceiling-type air conditioners. The index case was infected at a 6.5 m away from the infector and 5 minutes exposure without any direct or indirect contact. @*Conclusion@#Droplet transmission can occur at a distance greater than 2 m if there is direct air flow from an infected person. Therefore, updated guidelines involving prevention, contact tracing, and quarantine for COVID-19 are required for control of this highly contagious disease.

6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e87-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764930

ABSTRACT

We report 17 patients with human granulocytic anaplasmosis between January 2015 and September 2018 at two tertiary university hospitals in Korea. Monthly incidence peaked in May and June. Among these patients, we identified three who were co-infected with scrub typhus, and one patient with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Anaplasmosis , Coinfection , Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome , Hospitals, University , Incidence , Korea , Scrub Typhus
7.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 215-222, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761696

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Several nerve blocks can reduce the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) as well as relieve acute zoster-related pain, but the long-term outcome of PHN has not been clearly determined. This study investigated the efficacy of selective nerve root block (SNRB) for herpes zoster (HZ) on the long-term outcome of PHN. METHODS: We prospectively conducted an interview of patients who had undergone an SNRB for HZ from January 2006 to December 2016 to evaluate their long-term PHN status. The relationship between the time from HZ onset to the first SNRB and the long-term outcome of PHN was investigated. RESULTS: The data of 67 patients were collected. The patients were allocated to acute (SNRB ≤ 14 days, n = 16) or subacute (SNRB > 14 days, n = 51) groups. The proportions of cured patients were 62.5% and 25.5% in the acute and subacute groups (P = 0.007), respectively. In logistic regression, an SNRB >14 days was the significant predictor of PHN (adjusted odd ratio, 3.89; 95% confidence interval, 1.02–14.93; P = 0.047). Kaplan–Meier analysis revealed that time from the SNRB to the cure of PHN was significantly shorter in the acute group (2.4 ± 0.7 yr) than in the subacute group (5.0 ± 0.4 yr; P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: An early SNRB during the acute stage of HZ (within 14 days) appears to decrease the incidence and shorten the duration of PHN, with a median of 5.0 years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Ganglia, Spinal , Herpes Zoster , Incidence , Logistic Models , Nerve Block , Neuralgia, Postherpetic , Prospective Studies
8.
Journal of Agricultural Medicine & Community Health ; : 185-194, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919633

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In Gunsan, Jeollabuk-do, Korea, we wanted to determine if the sluggish local economy could affect citizens' health behaviors, especially mental health.@*METHODS@#We divided Gunsan-si into 5 living areas and conducted Small-Area Estimations and confirmed the modified compound estimation value using the 2013-2017 Community Health Survey data and population data from Gunsan-si.@*RESULTS@#The health behaviors and mental health of the residents of the western living area(Soryong-dong, Misung-dong), which is an industrial hub of Gunsan, had deteriorated or decreased compared to those of other regions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although there are limitations in analyzing the community health survey data using the small-area estimation method, it could be useful data for evaluating regional gaps and health level.

9.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 323-331, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916623

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) for management of pain during and after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of hepatic tumor.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#All patients were divided into non-TPVB (4 patients, 4 sessions of RFA for 4 tumors) and TPVB group (5 patients, 7 sessions of RFAs for 7 tumors). Ultrasound (US)-guided TPVB was performed at T7 level. The 15 mL of 0.375% ropivacaine was injected into right paravertebral space before RFA. If patients complained pain and asked analgesics or experienced pain with verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS) of more than 4, fentanyl 25 µg (up to 100 µg), pethidine 25 mg, and midazolam 0.05 mg/kg (up to 5 mg) were sequentially given intravenously during RFA.@*RESULTS@#Total intravenous morphine equivalence of analgesics before, during, and after RFA was 129.1 mg and 0.0 mg in non-TPVB and TPVB group, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#US-guided TPVB may be an effective and safe anesthetic method for decreasing or eliminating pain during and after RFA for hepatic tumor and helpful in decreasing the usage of opioids.

10.
Journal of Agricultural Medicine & Community Health ; : 209-214, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719792

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Islands , Primary Health Care , Ships
11.
Korean Journal of Spine ; : 99-102, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187207

ABSTRACT

We report a case of a solitary osteochondroma as a dumbbell tumor compressing the spinal cord and its surgical strategy. The patient is a 16-year-old female with longstanding posterior neck pain and left arm abduction weakness. She was examined by plain X-ray, three-dimensional-computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and vertebral angiography. The analyses indicated a calcified extradural mass compressing the cord in the C3–4 portion extending into the neural and vertebral foramen with eroded vertebral body. The tumor was successfully excised using a modified combined anterior and posterior approach. Histopathologic study of the resected material confirmed the diagnosis. The postoperative assessment was followed by clinical and radiologically therapy for 5 years after surgery. Osteochondroma arises from enchondral bone but it rarely involves the spine, especially not as s dumbbell type. In this patient, the tumor may have arisen from the neural arch and extended into the extradural and extraforaminal space over a long period. We successfully removed the dumbbell tumor with a combined anterior oblique and posterior approach. However, further observation is essential because of the possibility of recurrence and sarcomatous change.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Angiography , Arm , Cervical Cord , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 , Diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neck Pain , Osteochondroma , Recurrence , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Compression , Spine
12.
Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery ; : 276-283, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148436

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to introduce our method involving prepuncture ultrasound scan for cannulation of the common femoral artery (CFA) during transfemoral cerebral angiography (TFCA), and to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study included 90 patients who underwent prepuncture ultrasound examination of the inguinal area for TFCA between April 2015 and June 2015. Prior to skin preparation and draping of the inguinal area, we identified the CFA and its bifurcation using ultrasound. Based on the ultrasound findings, we marked cruciate lines in the inguinal area. Thereafter, we inserted a puncture needle at the interface between the horizontal and vertical lines at a 30–45° angle, simultaneously palpating the pulsation of the femoral artery. After TFCA was completed, femoral artery angiography was performed in the anteroposterior and oblique directions. Clinical and radiological parameters, including CFA cannulation, the ultrasound scan time, the first pass success rate, the time required for the passage of the wire, and complications, were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean ultrasound scan time of the CFA and its bifurcation was 72.6 seconds, and the mean time between administration of local anesthesia and wire passage was 67.44 seconds. The first pass success rate was 77.8% (70/90 patients), and the CFA puncture rate was 98.8% (89/90 patients). Although minor complications were noted in 7 patients, no patient reported serious complications (a large hematoma [≥ 5 cm], pseudoaneurysms, dissection, and/or a retroperitoneal hematoma.) CONCLUSION: Prepuncture ultrasound examination might be a simple, safe, and accurate technique for cannulation of the CFA during TFCA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, Local , Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Catheterization , Cerebral Angiography , Femoral Artery , Hematoma , Methods , Needles , Punctures , Skin , Ultrasonography
13.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 202-206, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211319

ABSTRACT

Respiratory involvement in Crohn disease (CD) is rare condition with only about a dozen reported cases. We report the first case of CD with tracheal involvement in Korea. An 18-year-old woman with CD was hospitalized because of coughing, dyspnea, and fever sustained for 3 weeks. Because she had stridor in her neck, we performed computed tomography of the neck, which showed circumferential wall thickening of the larynx and hypopharynx. Bronchoscopy revealed mucosal irregularity, ulceration, and exudates debris in the proximal trachea, and bronchial biopsy revealed chronic inflammation with granulation tissue. Based on these findings, we suspected CD with tracheal involvement and began administering intravenous methylprednisolone at 1 mg/kg per day, after which her symptoms and bronchoscopic findings improved.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Biopsy , Bronchoscopy , Cough , Crohn Disease , Dyspnea , Exudates and Transudates , Fever , Granulation Tissue , Hypopharynx , Inflammation , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Korea , Larynx , Methylprednisolone , Neck , Respiratory Sounds , Trachea , Ulcer
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1047-1048, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194117

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.

15.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 215-220, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, many studies have reported the incidence of colorectal neoplasm (CRN) to be increased in patients with gastric cancer. Thus preoperative colonoscopy is recommended for the screening of CRN. The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of colorectal adenoma and cancer in patients with gastric cancer and evaluate the necessity of preoperative colonoscopy in patients with gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data from 293 patients who underwent gastrectomy due to gastric cancer at one tertiary institution between January to December 2015. Preoperative colonoscopy was performed in 127 patients of 293 patients. To compare the prevalence of colorectal neoplasm, we selected 900 persons who underwent upper esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy for health screening during 2015. RESULTS: The prevalence of overall CRN was similar in the gastric cancer group and the control group. The prevalence of colorectal advanced adenoma and cancer was higher in the gastric cancer group compared with control group, but it did not show statistical significance. The prevalence of colorectal advanced adenoma was significantly higher in the group of age ≥ years and smoking. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of advanced colorectal adenoma increases significantly in patients with old age but not in patients with gastric cancer. We suggest that all patients with gastric cancer might not carry a high risk for advanced colorectal adenoma compared with the normal population. Patients with old age might require surveillance colonoscopy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Gastrectomy , Incidence , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Smoke , Smoking , Stomach Neoplasms
16.
Journal of the Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society ; : 75-79, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770704

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This retrospective comparative study aims to evaluate the surgical outcomes and complications of two surgical methods for simple fractures of the humeral shaft; minimally invasive anterior plating and open reduction combined with internal fixation. METHODS: A total of 26 patients with humeral shaft simple fractures, who had surgery between June 2009 and September 2013 and were followed-up at least 12 months, were included in our analysis. They were divided into two groups; group 1 comprised of 12 patients who underwent minimally invasive anterior plating and group 2 comprised of 14 patients who underwent an open reduction and internal fixation. The clinical outcomes, radiological results, and complications were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: We found that bone union was achieved in all patients, and the mean union periods were 20.7 +/- 3.34 and 20.3 +/- 3.91 weeks for groups 1 and 2, respectively. In most patients, we found that shoulder and elbow functions were recovered. At 12 months post-operation, we found that the Korean Shoulder Scoring system, the University of California at Los Angeles score and Mayo elbow performance score were 91.4 +/- 7.97, 33.4 +/- 1.15, and 90.8 +/- 2.23 for group 1, and 95.2 +/- 1.53, 33.3 +/- 1.43, and 90.17 +/- 1.85 for group 2. In terms of complications, we found that 2 patients had radial nerve palsy after open reduction and internal fixation, but all cases spontaneously resolved within 6 months. Complications such as infection and loss of fixation were not reported. CONCLUSIONS: Both minimally invasive anterior plating and open reduction with internal fixation produced satisfactory outcomes in the treatment of simple fractures of the humeral shaft.


Subject(s)
Humans , California , Elbow , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humeral Fractures , Humerus , Paralysis , Radial Nerve , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1698-1700, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198117

ABSTRACT

Acute cholecystitis is a rare complication of scrub typhus. Although a few such cases have been reported in patients with scrub typhus, the clinical course is not well described. Of 12 patients, acute cholecystitis developed in 66.7% (8/12) of patients older than 60 yr. The scrub typhus group with acute cholecystitis had marginal significant longer hospital stay and higher cost than the group without cholecystitis according to propensity score matching. Scrub typhus should be kept in mind as a rare etiology of acute cholecystitis in endemic areas because the typical signs of scrub typhus such as skin rash and eschar can present after the abdominal pain.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Republic of Korea , Scrub Typhus/complications , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 688-693, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99232

ABSTRACT

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major cause of ear infections. We attempted to evaluate the clinical usefulness of arbekacin in treating chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) by comparing its clinical efficacy and toxicity with those of vancomycin. Efficacy was classified according to bacterial elimination or bacteriologic failure and improved or failed clinical efficacy response. Ninety-five subjects were diagnosed with CSOM caused by MRSA. Twenty of these subjects were treated with arbekacin, and 36 with vancomycin. The bacteriological efficacy (bacterial elimination, arbekacin vs. vancomycin: 85.0% vs. 97.2%) and improved clinical efficacy (arbekacin vs. vancomycin; 90.0% vs. 97.2%) were not different between the two groups. However, the rate of complications was higher in the vancomycin group (33.3%) than in the arbekacin group (5.0%) (P=0.020). In addition, a total of 12 adverse reactions were observed in the vancomycin group; two for hepatotoxicity, one for nephrotoxicity, eight for leukopenia, two for skin rash, and one for drug fever. It is suggested that arbekacin be a good alternative drug to vancomycin in treatment of CSOM caused by MRSA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Chronic Disease , Dibekacin/administration & dosage , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Otitis Media, Suppurative/diagnosis , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome , Vancomycin/administration & dosage
20.
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow ; : 75-79, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76318

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This retrospective comparative study aims to evaluate the surgical outcomes and complications of two surgical methods for simple fractures of the humeral shaft; minimally invasive anterior plating and open reduction combined with internal fixation. METHODS: A total of 26 patients with humeral shaft simple fractures, who had surgery between June 2009 and September 2013 and were followed-up at least 12 months, were included in our analysis. They were divided into two groups; group 1 comprised of 12 patients who underwent minimally invasive anterior plating and group 2 comprised of 14 patients who underwent an open reduction and internal fixation. The clinical outcomes, radiological results, and complications were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: We found that bone union was achieved in all patients, and the mean union periods were 20.7 +/- 3.34 and 20.3 +/- 3.91 weeks for groups 1 and 2, respectively. In most patients, we found that shoulder and elbow functions were recovered. At 12 months post-operation, we found that the Korean Shoulder Scoring system, the University of California at Los Angeles score and Mayo elbow performance score were 91.4 +/- 7.97, 33.4 +/- 1.15, and 90.8 +/- 2.23 for group 1, and 95.2 +/- 1.53, 33.3 +/- 1.43, and 90.17 +/- 1.85 for group 2. In terms of complications, we found that 2 patients had radial nerve palsy after open reduction and internal fixation, but all cases spontaneously resolved within 6 months. Complications such as infection and loss of fixation were not reported. CONCLUSIONS: Both minimally invasive anterior plating and open reduction with internal fixation produced satisfactory outcomes in the treatment of simple fractures of the humeral shaft.


Subject(s)
Humans , California , Elbow , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humeral Fractures , Humerus , Paralysis , Radial Nerve , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder
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